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Document ID (ISN)104768
CIS number 06-254
ISSN - Serial title 1877-7856 - Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale
Year 2005
Convention or series no. Fascicule 16051 A 10, 4-2005
Author(s) Saillenfait A.M., Laudet-Hesbert A.
Title Phthalates (II)
Original title Phtalates (II) [in French]
Bibliographic information Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 4th Quarter 2005, No.149, 10p. Illus. 134 ref.
Abstract This article presents a summary of current knowledge on the toxic properties of the most commonly-used phthalic acid esters. Based on published information regarding their physical and chemical properties and their toxicology, phthalates can be classified into three broad classes. Those of low molecular weight (including methyl and ethyl phthalate) are used as solvents and in the cellulosic polymer industry; they are slightly more soluble in water than other phthalates. Phthalates with high molecular weights are practically only used as polyvinyl chloride plasticizers; they are insoluble in water and have very low vapour pressure. Phthalates whose molecular weight lies in between are characterized by having a far greater toxic potential, particularly with respect to reproduction and development.
Descriptors (primary) France; toxicology; phthalates
Descriptors (secondary) antifertility effects; plasticizers; dimethyl terephthalate; dimethyl phthalate; diethyl phthalate; bis(methoxyethyl) phthalate; diallyl phthalate; diisobutyl phthalate; dicyclohexyl phthalate; solvents; animal experiments; teratogenic effects; encyclopaedia; data sheet; dipentyl phthalate
Document type B - Chemical safety information sheets
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Phthalates
Esters and salts