|Document ID (ISN)||104677|
|ISSN - Serial title
||1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
|Convention or series no.
||Jirachaiyabhas V., Visuthismajarn P, Hore P., Robson M.G.
||Organophosphate pesticide exposures of traditional and integrated pest management farmers from working air conditions: A case study in Thailand
||July-Sep. 2004, Vol.10, No.3, p.289-295. Illus. 13 ref.
||http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/1003_Jirach.pdf [in English]
||Concentrations of organophosphate pesticides, including chlorpyrifos and methyl parathion, were measured in ambient air breathed by farmers in a region of Thailand. Exposure levels were assessed and a comparison was made between the levels of pesticide exposure of traditional and integrated pest management (IPM) farmers. Thirty-three air samples were collected during pesticide spraying. Traditional farmers were exposed to higher levels of the pesticides, with an average concentration of 0.19mg/m3, compared with 0.037mg/m3 for the IPM farmers. It was estimated that farmers would be exposed to 81-12,261mg of the organophosphate pesticides via inhalation throughout their lifetime. Moreover, traditional farmers absorbed more pesticides via inhalation than did IPM farmers.
||organophosphorus compounds; pesticides; determination in air; agriculture; exposure evaluation
||chlorpyrifos; Thailand; comparative study; methyl parathion; pesticide spraying; inhalation
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Thailand; USA|
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Industries and occupations