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Document ID (ISN)104677
CIS number 06-143
ISSN - Serial title 1077-3525 - International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Jirachaiyabhas V., Visuthismajarn P, Hore P., Robson M.G.
Title Organophosphate pesticide exposures of traditional and integrated pest management farmers from working air conditions: A case study in Thailand
Bibliographic information July-Sep. 2004, Vol.10, No.3, p.289-295. Illus. 13 ref.
Internet access http://www.ijoeh.com/pfds/1003_Jirach.pdf [in English]
Abstract Concentrations of organophosphate pesticides, including chlorpyrifos and methyl parathion, were measured in ambient air breathed by farmers in a region of Thailand. Exposure levels were assessed and a comparison was made between the levels of pesticide exposure of traditional and integrated pest management (IPM) farmers. Thirty-three air samples were collected during pesticide spraying. Traditional farmers were exposed to higher levels of the pesticides, with an average concentration of 0.19mg/m3, compared with 0.037mg/m3 for the IPM farmers. It was estimated that farmers would be exposed to 81-12,261mg of the organophosphate pesticides via inhalation throughout their lifetime. Moreover, traditional farmers absorbed more pesticides via inhalation than did IPM farmers.
Descriptors (primary) organophosphorus compounds; pesticides; determination in air; agriculture; exposure evaluation
Descriptors (secondary) chlorpyrifos; Thailand; comparative study; methyl parathion; pesticide spraying; inhalation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceThailand; USA
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Exposure evaluation
Agriculture