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Document ID (ISN)103713
CIS number 04-629
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Tchicaya A.F., Bonny J.S., Yeboue-Kouame Y.B., Wognin S.B., Kouassi M.Y.
Title Study of exposure to aromatic amines in the chemical industries in Abidjan
Original title Etude de l'exposition aux amines aromatiques dans les industries chimiques à Abidjan [in French]
Bibliographic information Mar. 2004, Vol.65, No.1, p.36-40. 17 ref.
Abstract Aromatic amines are carcinogens. Prolonged exposure leads to bladder cancer. To assess the extent of this exposure, a prospective cross-sectional study was conducted among chemical industries in Abidjan. Interviews with workers were followed by job observations. Participants consisted of 362 workers (all male) of average age 34 years working in 12 companies where aromatic amines were used. Natural ventilation was the only form of ventilation in 75% of the cases. Monitoring of the working atmosphere was carried out in only 44% of the cases. Heavy nicotine addiction and urinary bilharziosis were found in 2% and 10.5% of the workers respectively. Personal protective equipment was insufficient and inadequate. Hygiene and working conditions safety committees were unknown or non operational and medical supervision was restricted to annual chest radiographs. These findings indicate the presence of bladder cancer risk and a poor enforcement of regulatory protection measures.
Descriptors (primary) carcinogens; chemical industry; exposure evaluation; aromatic amines; Côte d'Ivoire
Descriptors (secondary) responsibilities of employers; workplace monitoring; legal aspects; smoking; schistosomiasis; developing countries; cross-sectional study; breathing atmosphere; supply of personal protective equipment; role of government; medical supervision; natural ventilation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceCôte d'Ivoire
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Aromatic amines
Chemical industry
Exposure evaluation