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Document ID (ISN)103572
CIS number 04-643
ISBN(s) 2-551-22595-7
Year 2004
Convention or series no. Etudes et Recherches RA1-386
Author(s) Carrier G., Bouchard M., Noisel N., Bonvalot Y, Fradet S.
Title Impacts of the lowering of the permissible exposure value for formaldehyde - Impacts of formaldehyde exposure on human health
Original title Impacts d'un abaissement de la valeur d'exposition admissible au formaldéhyde - Impacts de l'exposition au formaldéhyde sur la santé humaine [in French]
Bibliographic information Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2004. iii, 120p. Illus. 32 ref. Price: CAD 8.56. Downloadable version (PDF format) free of charge.
Internet access 04-0643.pdf [in French]
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/files/documents/PubIRSST/RA1-386.pdf [in French]
Abstract This study consists of a literature survey on the dose-response relationships between exposure to formaldehyde and the incidence of health effects. Findings indicate that exposures to formaldehyde concentrations below 0.75ppm are unlikely to cause severe or moderate irritation of the eyes, nose or throat. Between 0.75 and 1ppm, 6.3% of subjects may present signs of moderate eye irritation. At formaldehyde concentrations of between 1 and 2ppm, this proportion increases to 10.1%. There is limited data on the carcinogenic effects of formaldehyde. This specific study was carried out within the framework of a large research programme aimed at evaluating the health and socio-economic impacts of lowering the current maximum permissible exposure value for formaldehyde of 2ppm to one of the values of 1.0, 0.75 or 0.3ppm, either as maximum or 8-hr time-weighted average values (see CIS 04-642, CIS 04-644 to 04-651 and CIS 04-653 to 04-655).
Descriptors (primary) threshold limit values; formaldehyde; health hazards; permissible levels; exposure evaluation; Quebec
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; irritants; carcinogens; legislation; report; dose-response relationship; Canada
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceCanada
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Exposure evaluation
Aldehydes
Occupational exposure limits