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Document ID (ISN)103516
CIS number 04-736
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
Year 2004
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Bensefa L., Sandret N., De Clavière C., Descatha A., Pairon J.C.
Title Bullying and employment outcomes among 126 patients of an occupational health examination
Original title Harcèlement moral et pronostic professionnel chez 126 patients d'une consultation de pathologie professionnelle [in French]
Bibliographic information Sep. 2004, Vol.65, No.5, p.387-395. Illus. 22 ref.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyse the experience of patients referred to an occupational health department for suspected bullying, and to highlight the factors influencing occupational outcomes. All patients referred to the occupational health department for mental disorders between January 2000 and June 2002 were included in the study. Medical files were screened to analyse sociodemographic characteristics and to differentiate among bullying, conflict at work and work overload. A self-administered questionnaire was addressed to each patient in December 2002 in order to collect information on socioprofessional outcome. 126 patients were included in the study (108 cases exposed to bullying and 18 cases involving personal conflict or work overload). Some sectors were over-represented: not-for-profit associations (21 cases), health care (18 cases) and retail commerce (14 cases). 85 subjects answered the questionnaire, including 72 probable victims of bullying. Factors significantly associated with keeping the job were age, company size and being employed by a public institution. Among the 40 probable victims of bullying who left their work, 90% were revoked and 42.5% had true difficulties finding new employment. Patients with diagnosis of probable bullying who evolved favourably were those with the shortest period of exposure. Therefore, early recognition of these situations should be a priority for occupational physicians.
Descriptors (primary) bullying; unemployment; risk factors; change of employment
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; psychology of work organization; diagnosis; questionnaire survey; industrial physicians; age-linked differences; length of exposure; medical examinations; hospitals
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Unemployment
Bullying and mobbing