|Document ID (ISN)||103296|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0003-4878 - Annals of Occupational Hygiene
|Convention or series no.
||Machera K., Goumenou M., Kapetanakis E., Kalamarakis A., Glass C.R.
||Determination of potential dermal and inhalation operator exposure to malathion in greenhouses with the whole body dosimetry method
||Jan. 2003, Vol.47, No.1, p.61-70. Illus. 18 ref.
||04-0413.pdf [in English]
||This study evaluated the potential dermal and inhalation exposure of operators during the spraying of malathion on greenhouse tomatoes at low and high spraying pressures. Inhalation exposure was monitored using personal air pumps and sampling tubes. For the monitoring of hand exposure, cotton gloves were used in two trials and rubber gloves in a further three. The volumes of spray solution contaminating the body of the operator were 25.37-35.83mL/h in the case of low pressure knapsack applications and 160.76-283.45mL/h in the case of hand lance applications with tractor-generated high pressure. The potential inhalation exposures were estimated at 0.07 and 0.09mL/h in the case of low pressure knapsack applications, based on a ventilation rate of 25L/min. Both potential dermal operator exposure (excluding hands) and potential inhalation exposure were increased approximately sevenfold when the tractor-assisted application pressure was increased from 3 to 18 bar.
||inhalation; skin absorption; malathion; pesticide spraying; horticulture
||protective gloves; personal sampling; dosimetry; exposure evaluation; breathing atmosphere; Greece
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||United Kingdom; Greece|
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
|Broad subject area(s)
||Esters and salts