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Document ID (ISN)103296
CIS number 04-413
ISSN - Serial title 0003-4878 - Annals of Occupational Hygiene
Year 2003
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Machera K., Goumenou M., Kapetanakis E., Kalamarakis A., Glass C.R.
Title Determination of potential dermal and inhalation operator exposure to malathion in greenhouses with the whole body dosimetry method
Bibliographic information Jan. 2003, Vol.47, No.1, p.61-70. Illus. 18 ref.
Internet access 04-0413.pdf [in English]
Abstract This study evaluated the potential dermal and inhalation exposure of operators during the spraying of malathion on greenhouse tomatoes at low and high spraying pressures. Inhalation exposure was monitored using personal air pumps and sampling tubes. For the monitoring of hand exposure, cotton gloves were used in two trials and rubber gloves in a further three. The volumes of spray solution contaminating the body of the operator were 25.37-35.83mL/h in the case of low pressure knapsack applications and 160.76-283.45mL/h in the case of hand lance applications with tractor-generated high pressure. The potential inhalation exposures were estimated at 0.07 and 0.09mL/h in the case of low pressure knapsack applications, based on a ventilation rate of 25L/min. Both potential dermal operator exposure (excluding hands) and potential inhalation exposure were increased approximately sevenfold when the tractor-assisted application pressure was increased from 3 to 18 bar.
Descriptors (primary) inhalation; skin absorption; malathion; pesticide spraying; horticulture
Descriptors (secondary) protective gloves; personal sampling; dosimetry; exposure evaluation; breathing atmosphere; Greece
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom; Greece
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Esters and salts