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Document ID (ISN)102935
CIS number 03-1624
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Karjalainen A., Kurppa K., Martikainen R., Karjalainen J., Klaukka T.
Title Exploration of asthma risk by occupation - Extended analysis of an incidence study of the Finnish population
Bibliographic information Feb. 2002, Vol.28, No.1, p.49-57. 18 ref.
Abstract In Finland, persons with clinically-verified persistent asthma are registered for medication reimbursement by the national health insurance scheme. Data were combined from three national registers, and all employed Finns aged 25-59 were followed for asthma incidence in 1986-1998. A log-linear model was used to estimate the relative risks of asthma for 275 nonadministrative occupations in comparison with administrative work (33 occupations). A significantly increased risk was found for either men or women in 125 occupations. For the men, the risk was highest among bakers, laundry workers, shoemakers and repairers, tanners, fell mongers and pelt dressers, and metal plating and coating workers. For the women, the risk was highest among shoemakers and repairers, railway and station personnel, jewelry engravers, engine room crew, molders, round-timber workers and bakers. The results suggest that the work-related excess of asthma incidence is much more widely spread across the labour force than previously thought.
Descriptors (primary) Finland; epidemiology; frequency rates; occupations; asthma
Descriptors (secondary) bakery products industry; round timber handling; arts and crafts; metal coating; transport; sheep shearing; hazard evaluation; hairdressing; sex-linked differences; tanning industry; blue-collar workers; white-collar workers; shoe industry; fur industry; laundries
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFinland
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Epidemiology
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)