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Document ID (ISN)101706
CIS number 03-668
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2003
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Adzersen K.H., Becker N., Steindorf K., Frenzel-Beyme R.
Title Cancer mortality in a cohort of male German iron foundry workers
Bibliographic information Mar. 2003, Vol.43, No.3, p.295-305. 41 ref.
Abstract The purpose of the study was to examine whether work in iron foundries increases the risk of cancer. Occupational histories were collected among members of a cohort of 17,708 male German production workers in 37 iron foundries who were first employed in 1950-1985 with a minimum employment period of one year. Mortality was compared with that of the German general population during 1950-1993. Mortality from all causes was elevated (standard mortality ratio (SMR)=115.4), as was for total cancer (SMR=123.8), especially cancers of the lung (SMR=163.9) and liver (SMR=322.5) and diseases of the respiratory system (SMR=147.6). Non- significant elevations of mortality were also found for cancers of the mouth, pharynx and larynx. The elevated mortality persisted for decades after termination of employment. The results provide further evidence for an increased risk of cancer among foundry workers.
Descriptors (primary) male workers; mortality; foundries; risk factors; cancer
Descriptors (secondary) Germany; respiratory diseases; lung cancer; long-term study; hazard evaluation; cohort study; liver cancer
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Foundries, metalcasting and forging operations