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Document ID (ISN)101609
CIS number 03-793
ISSN - Serial title 1250-3274 - Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail
Year 2001
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Badinier-Paganon I., Deschamps F.
Title Exposure of swimming-pool lifeguards to chlorinated compounds
Original title Exposition des maîtres nageurs aux dérivés chlorés [in French]
Bibliographic information Oct. 2001, Vol.62, No.6, p.477-481. 16 ref.
Internet access 03-0793.pdf [in French]
Abstract Disinfection of swimming pool water is carried out using chlorinated agents that react with nitrogen-containing human residues. This results in the formation of chloramines, which include nitrogen trichloride (chloramine-T). These compounds may be responsible for chronic symptoms such as eye, rhinopharyngeal and bronchial irritations with a dose-effect relationship. However, cases of chronic bronchitis or asthma are not frequent. Chloramine-T solutions used in the disinfection of walls, floors and sanitary facilities may induce sensitizations confirmed with specific IgE detection. Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome may occur with massive accidental exposure to chlorinated compounds. Primary prevention consists in gas extraction systems to maintain atmospheric concentrations of chlorinated agents at acceptable levels.
Descriptors (primary) occupational hygiene; irritants; chlorine and compounds; swimming pools; sensitizers
Descriptors (secondary) immunoglobulins; chloramine-T; symptoms; gas freeing; limitation of exposure; permissible levels; disinfectants
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceFrance
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Halogens and their inorganic compounds
Entertainment services and sports