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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)101465
CIS number 03-432
ISSN - Serial title 1076-2752 - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mohren D.C.L., Jansen N.W.H., Kant I., Galama J.M.D., van den Brandt P.A., Swaen G.M.H.
Title Prevalence of common infections among employees in different work schedules
Bibliographic information Nov. 2002, Vol.44, No.11, p.1003-1011. 62 ref.
Abstract This study examined the prevalence of common infections among employees in different work schedules. Self-administered questionnaire data from the Maastricht Cohort Study on "Fatigue at Work" (n=12,140) were used. Job title was used as a matching variable between day and shift workers. Multilevel analysis of a two-level structure was carried out, in which the individual employees (level 1) were nested within job titles (level 2), adjusted for demographics, chronic disease, health behaviour, work-related factors, fatigue and sleep quality. Results from the multilevel analyses showed that, compared to day work, shift work was associated with a higher risk for common infections, with the highest risk in three-shift workers. Compared to day work, shift work was further associated with differences in health, health behaviour, sleep, fatigue and perceived job characteristics, factors that may influence the occurrence of infections.
Descriptors (primary) infectious diseases; frequency rates; risk factors; work time schedules
Descriptors (secondary) subjective assessment; shift work; sleep disturbances; cohort study; questionnaire survey; confounding factors; personal hygiene
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceNetherlands
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Biological hazards
Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) Hours of work
Bacterial and parasitic diseases