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Document ID (ISN)101398
CIS number 03-196
ISSN - Serial title 0340-0131 - International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Schr÷der C., Friedrich K., Butz M., Koppisch D., Otten H.
Title Uranium mining in Germany: Incidence of occupational diseases 1946-1999
Bibliographic information Apr. 2002, Vol.75, No.4, p.235-242. Illus. 26 ref.
Abstract In former East Germany, uranium mining was performed on a large scale from 1946 to 1990. The poor working conditions during the post-war years until 1955 led to a high level of occupational diseases. The present study gives an overview of the occurrence of occupational diseases during the mining period as well as after uranium mining was stopped in 1990. The number of occupational diseases which occurred during the mining period was calculated from the files of the mining enterprise. Although exposure to uranium ceased after 1990, cases of occupational diseases continued to be recognized after that date. There are currently more than 35,000 known cases occupational diseases, and many more are expected. Approximately two-thirds are lung diseases, including 16,376 cases of silicosis or silico-tuberculosis and 7,695 cases of bronchial carcinoma. The increase in the numbers of recognized occupational diseases is discussed in light of changes in criteria for recognition, in working conditions and in the duration of the latency period.
Descriptors (primary) occupational diseases; frequency rates; uranium mining; Germany
Descriptors (secondary) ionizing radiation; compensation of occupational diseases; radon; quartz; latency; bronchial cancer; hearing loss; pneumoconiosis with tuberculosis; skin diseases; dust; respirable dust; silicosis; conditions of work; lung diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Mining and quarrying
Radon