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Document ID (ISN)100771
CIS number 02-1815
ISSN - Serial title 0944-2502 - Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Morfeld P., Lampert K., Emmerich M., Reischig H.L., Klinkner H.G., Bauer H.D., Stegmaier C., Ziegler H., Dhom G., Piekarski C.
Title Dust exposure, pneumoconiosis and lung cancer: An epidemiological study in the Saarland hard coal mining industry
Original title Staubexposition, Pneumokoniose und Lungenkrebs: Eine epidemiologische Studie aus dem Saarländischen Steinkohlenbergbau [in German]
Bibliographic information Oct. 2002, Vol.52, No.10, p.382-397. Illus. 36 ref.
Abstract This study examines the relationship between exposure to dust and lung cancer mortality among coal miners in the German State (Land) of Saarland. The follow-up of the mortality of a cohort of 4581 miners was carried out between 1980 and 1998. The standardized mortality ratio was 0.80 overall, 0.80 for cancer and 0.79 for lung cancer. Exposures to coal and quartz dusts were evaluated by various techniques. Average concentrations of 2.79mg/m3 and 0.23mg/m3 were found for coal and quartz dusts, respectively. 95,455 chest radiographs were re-evaluated according to ILO classification criteria. There was a 23.5% risk of coal miners' pneumoconiosis after 40 years of working underground. It was not possible to prove a direct causal relationship between pulmonary fibrosis and the risk of lung cancer. However, coal miners' pneumoconiosis could represent a biological marker of lung susceptibility to lung cancer. Interactions between dust exposures, pneumoconiosis and cancer risk need to be studied further.
Descriptors (primary) mortality; lung cancer; coalworkers pneumoconiosis; coal mining; respirable dust
Descriptors (secondary) coal dust; Germany; quartz; exposure evaluation; radiological classifications; long-term study; statistical evaluation; chest radiography; cohort study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceGermany
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Mining and quarrying
Pneumoconioses
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)