|Document ID (ISN)||100771|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0944-2502 - Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie
|Convention or series no.
||Morfeld P., Lampert K., Emmerich M., Reischig H.L., Klinkner H.G., Bauer H.D., Stegmaier C., Ziegler H., Dhom G., Piekarski C.
||Dust exposure, pneumoconiosis and lung cancer: An epidemiological study in the Saarland hard coal mining industry
||Staubexposition, Pneumokoniose und Lungenkrebs: Eine epidemiologische Studie aus dem Saarländischen Steinkohlenbergbau [in German]|
||Oct. 2002, Vol.52, No.10, p.382-397. Illus. 36 ref.
||This study examines the relationship between exposure to dust and lung cancer mortality among coal miners in the German State (Land) of Saarland. The follow-up of the mortality of a cohort of 4581 miners was carried out between 1980 and 1998. The standardized mortality ratio was 0.80 overall, 0.80 for cancer and 0.79 for lung cancer. Exposures to coal and quartz dusts were evaluated by various techniques. Average concentrations of 2.79mg/m3 and 0.23mg/m3 were found for coal and quartz dusts, respectively. 95,455 chest radiographs were re-evaluated according to ILO classification criteria. There was a 23.5% risk of coal miners' pneumoconiosis after 40 years of working underground. It was not possible to prove a direct causal relationship between pulmonary fibrosis and the risk of lung cancer. However, coal miners' pneumoconiosis could represent a biological marker of lung susceptibility to lung cancer. Interactions between dust exposures, pneumoconiosis and cancer risk need to be studied further.
||mortality; lung cancer; coalworkers pneumoconiosis; coal mining; respirable dust
||coal dust; Germany; quartz; exposure evaluation; radiological classifications; long-term study; statistical evaluation; chest radiography; cohort study
||D - Periodical articles
|Country / State or Province||Germany|
||Mines and quarries
|Broad subject area(s)
||Mining and quarrying
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)