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Document ID (ISN)100763
CIS number 02-1665
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ortega H.G., Kreiss K., Schill D.P., Weissman D.N.
Title Fatal asthma from powdering shark cartilage and review of fatal occupational asthma literature
Bibliographic information July 2002, Vol.42, No.1, p.50-54. 31 ref.
Abstract Work-related asthma is the most common occupational respiratory disease in developed countries. This article reports a case of fatal occupational asthma due to exposure to shark cartilage dust. A 38-year-old male operator worked for eight years in a facility which primarily granulated and powdered various plastics. Sixteen months prior to his death, the plant also began grinding shark cartilage. After ten months of exposure, he reported chest symptoms at work in association with exposure to shark cartilage dust and a physician diagnosed asthma. Six months later, he complained of shortness of breath at work and died from autopsy-confirmed asthma. The latency from onset of exposure to symptoms, and from the appearance of symptoms to death was shorter than for ten occupational asthma fatalities reported in literature. Recognition of occupational causes and triggers of asthma and removal of affected individuals from these exposures can prevent progression to irreversible or fatal asthma.
Descriptors (primary) allergens; fish; biological hazards; respirable dust; asthma
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; case study; fatalities; dyspnoea; diagnosis; symptoms
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Animal hazards
Biological hazards