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Document ID (ISN)100761
CIS number 02-1663
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 2002
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Park R.M., Bailer A.J., Stayner L.T., Halperin W., Gilbert S.J.
Title An alternate characterization of hazard in occupational epidemiology: Years of life lost per years worked
Bibliographic information July 2002, Vol.42, No.1, p.1-10. Illus. 28 ref.
Abstract This article describes an alternative approach to standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for describing occupational hazards based on years of potential life lost and lifetime risk, providing a more intuitive view of occupational mortality risk. The approach was evaluated for fatal lung diseases and injuries in a cohort of uranium miners with historical records of exposure to radon. Among miners hired after 1950 whose all-cause SMR was 1.5, 28% experienced premature death from lung diseases or injury. On average, each miner lost 1.5 years of potential life due to lung cancer, or almost three months for each year employed in uranium mining. As a consequence of lung disease and injury risks combined, a year of mining was associated with 5.9 months loss of potential life. For each year actually working underground, miners lost more than eight months of potential life. Fatal-injury dominated the potential years of life lost up to about age 40.
Descriptors (primary) occupational accidents; mortality; frequency rates; risk factors; fatalities; epidemiology
Descriptors (secondary) radon; silica; lung cancer; description of technique; uranium mining; statistical evaluation; hazard evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Radon
Epidemiology