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ILO-CIS Bulletin 2003/03

CIS 03-1001 --- CIS 03-1500

Laws, regulations, directives
Chemical data sheets and criteria documents
Training materials and practical information
Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals
   001 General safety, health and conditions of work
   002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology
   003 Industries and occupations
   004 New technologies
   005 Chemical safety
   006 Fires, explosions and major hazards
   007 Electrical safety
   008 Physical hazards
   009 Mechanical hazards, transport
   010 Biological hazards
   011 Physiology, ergonomics
   012 Stress, psychosocial factors


Laws, regulations, directives

CIS 03-1001 Industrial Safety and Health Act [Republic of Korea]. In: Occupational Safety and Health Act, Decree, Regulation, Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency (KOSHA), 34-4 Gusan-dong, Bupyeong-gu, Inchon, Republic of Korea, 2003, p.3-46. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.kosha.net/english/act/act1.htm

Translation of the basic legislation on OSH of 1981 (see CIS 90-352), as amended in December 1996 (CIS 97-1767) and subsequently till 2002. Topics: general provisions; safety and health management systems; safety and health control rules; basic prevention measures; occupational hygiene measures; monitoring and reporting procedures; OSH training. Previous English translation in the database: CIS 00-303. (102073)

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CIS 03-1002 The Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 [Canada - Saskatchewan]. Government of Saskatchewan Publications Centre, Regina SK, Canada, Internet address: http://www.publications.gov.sk.ca, 2001. 50p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.qp.gov.sk.ca/documents/English/Statutes/Statutes/O1-1.pdf

Basic OSH law for the province of Saskatchewan (effective: 30 Oct. 1993), as modified in 1996 and 2001. It repeals the 1978 Act with the same title (see CIS 87-1128). Contents: duties; OSH committees and OSH representatives; right to refuse dangerous work and discriminatory action; notices of contravention; the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS); issuing of regulations and codes of practice; appeals; offences and penalties; medical examinations and treatment; administration. (102080)

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CIS 03-1003 Act No.94-029 of 25 Aug. 1995 on the Labour Code [Madagascar]. (French: Loi n°94-029 du 25 août 1995 portant Code du travail [Madagascar]) Journal officiel de la République de Madagascar, 25 Sep. 1995, No.2324, p.2564-2577. Internet copy: 68p. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/41776/64975/F95MDG01.htm

This Law replaces Ordinance No.75-013/DM of 17 May 1975 (see CIS 77-1795), although regulations based on this Ordinance concerning occupational safety and health remain in effect. Title V of the new Code deals with working conditions, including: working hours; night work; working conditions of women and children; work by handicapped people. (102091)

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CIS 03-1004 Act No.65 of 16 June 1989 on industrial injury insurance [Norway]. (Norwegian: Lov om yrkesskadeforsikring) Internet document, 1989. 7p. (In English, Norwegian)

Internet:
http://www.ub.uio.no/ujur/ulovdata/lov-19890616-065-eng.pdf

http://www.lovdata.no/all/hl-19890616-065.html

Law on the compensation of occupational injuries and diseases. All employers except the State are obliged to take out industrial injury insurance policies covering all their employees. All claims resulting from industrial injury or occupational disease must be registered by the insurer, and this registry must be made available to public authorities or employers' and workers' organizations who need the information for prevention purposes. The English translation is unofficial. (102176)

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CIS 03-1005 Workplaces - Ordinance and directives related to workplaces - Status: January 2003 [Germany]. (German: Arbeitsstätten: Arbeitsstättenverordnung - ArbStättV - und Arbeitsstätten-Richtlinien - ASR - Stand: Januar 2003) Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 37th ed., 2003. 203p. Illus. Index. Price: EUR 17.50., ISBN 3-89701-937-X (In German)

Internet:
http://www.baua.de/info/rw/rw02.htm

This update of the document earlier analysed as CIS 98-1555 contains the 1975 Ordinance (with modifications) relating to workplaces and the corresponding directives in effect in Germany. The Ordinance presents the legislative provisions concerning workplaces in eight chapters: general provisions; work areas, passageways and equipment within buildings (ventilation, temperature, lighting, floors, partitions, roofs, windows, entryways, protection against falls, fires, physical and chemical hazards, passageways, escalators, emergency exits, ladders, loading platforms) and special provisions (dimensions of workplaces, equipment; staff areas, sanitary facilities, temporary workplaces); outdoor workplaces; construction sites; open-air shopping areas; work on water-borne craft and in floating plants; cleaning and maintenance of workplaces; final provisions. The second part of the document contains 30 detailed directives on the implementation of the ordinance. (102308)

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CIS 03-1006 General labour law [Angola]. (Portuguese: Lei geral do trabalho) Ministério da administração pública emprego e segurança social, Rua de Missão 123, P.O. Box, 6967 Luanda, Angola, 2000. 140p (In Portuguese)

Internet:

Law No. 2/00 of 5 August 1999, repealing Law No. 6/81 constituting the Labour Code (see CIS 94-404), is aimed at the updating of labour legislation. Its provisions include in particular labour relations, responsibilities with respect to occupational safety and hygiene and occupational medicine, working hours and work organization (normal working hours, night work, special provisions, rest schedules), work of women, minors and persons with impaired working ability, and maternity protection. (102411)

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CIS 03-1007 Act No.54/2003 of 12 Dec. 2003 concerning the legislative framework for the prevention of occupational hazards [Spain]. (Spanish: Ley 54/2003, de 12 de diciembre, de reforma del marco normativo de la prevención de riesgos laborales) Boletín Oficial del Estado, 13 Dec. 2003, No.298, p.44408-44415. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2003-12-13/pdfs/A44408-44415.pdf

This Law modifies Act No.31/1995 on the prevention of occupational hazards (see CIS 95-1921). Its purpose is to introduce a higher level of integration into the organization of OSH in Spain then has existed until now. Its provisions include: reinforced collaboration between the Labour Inspectorate and Social Security; integration of OSH in the normal management of enterprises; organization of resources for prevention activities; changes in the tasks of safety and health committees; coordination in prevention activities on construction sites; qualification of civil servants involved in OSH activities. Changes are also introduced into the provisions of the Law concerning offences against social legislation and corresponding penalties, approved by Royal Legislative Decree 5/2000. (102494)

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CIS 03-1008 Enforcement Decree of Industrial Safety and Health Act [Republic of Korea]. In: Occupational Safety and Health Act, Decree, Regulation, Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency (KOSHA), 34-4 Gusan-dong, Bupyeong-gu, Inchon, Republic of Korea, 2003, p.49-98. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.kosha.net/english/act/act2.html

This Decree provides definitions, scope notes and other matters needed for the enforcement of the 1981 Industrial Safety and Health Act (for the translation of the latest version, see CIS 03-1001). Most of the provisions have to do with the qualifications of OSH personnel of various kinds and of rules for the submission of various OSH-related reports; also includes lists of personal protective equipment subject to testing, and of harmful substances that are prohibited or subject to permission. Previous English translation in the database: CIS 00-311. (102074)

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CIS 03-1009 Enforcement Regulations for Industrial Safety and Health Act [Republic of Korea]. In: Occupational Safety and Health Act, Decree, Regulation, Korea Occupational Safety & Health Agency (KOSHA), 34-4 Gusan-dong, Bupyeong-gu, Inchon, Republic of Korea, 2003, p.101-207. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.kosha.net/english/act/acthome.html

OSH regulations in application of the 1981 Industrial Safety and Health Act (for the translation of the latest version, see CIS 03-1001). Contents: general provisions (common provisions, safety and health markings); safety and health management systems and regulations; preventive activities (dangerous work, OSH education in the workplace, work education, protection of machinery and equipment, dangerous machinery, inspection of machinery and equipment, inspection of protective gear, in-house inspection, harmful substances); occupational hygiene and health (workplace monitoring, medical supervision, health management pocketbooks, prohibition of employment of sick workers); supervision and OSH management (hazard prevention plans, OSH evaluations, OSH supervision and guidance; addenda and other modifications since the original issuing of the Regulations). Previous English translation in the database: CIS 00-312. (102075)

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CIS 03-1010 Supreme Decree No.40 - Approves the Regulations concerning the prevention of occupational hazards [Chile]. (Spanish: Decreto Supremo N°40 - Aprueba reglamento sobre prevención de riesgos profesionales) Diario Oficial de la República de Chile, 7 Mar. 1969, No.27,288. Internet copy: 8p. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.inp.cl/inicio/Decreto%2040.pdf
http://portal.dt.gob.cl/legislacion/1611/articles-59782_recurso_1.doc

This regulation establishes the standards that apply to the implementation of Title VII of Act No.16,744 concerning social security measures involving occupational accidents and diseases and of Art.171 of the Labour Code. The Chilean National Health Service (Servicio Nacional de Salud) is charged with financing prevention activities conducted by insurance bodies (in particular, Employers' Mutual Insurance Organizations and enterprises with delegated authority for the carrying out of OSH activities). Enterprises with more than 100 workers are required to set up a Department of Prevention of Occupational Risks, with a certified safety and health professional at its head. Requirements are established for the keeping of OSH statistics, for the issuing of internal OSH rules and for the informing of workers of occupational hazards they may encounter. (102172)

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CIS 03-1011 Health and Safety - The Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 6p. Price: GBP 2.00., ISBN 0-11-042693-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20022174.htm

These Regulations amend various OHS regulations, in part to give effect in Great Britain to various European Directives. The 1981 First Aid Regulations are amended by requiring that the first-aid room be easily accessible and that it be sign-posted. The 1992 Display Screen Equipment Regulations (CIS 93-24) are amended by removing a limitation on screens used by "users" and "operators". The 1992 Manual Handling Operations Regulations (CIS 93-36) are modified by the addition of specifications of factors to be taken into account in the determination whether operations involve risk. The 1992 Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations (CIS 93-6), the 1992 Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations (CIS 93-351) and the 1998 Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (CIS 99-1429) also receive minor substantial modifications. Drafting changes and corrections are introduced to the 1998 Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (CIS 99-1428) and the 1999 Quarries regulations (CIS 00-1224). (102240)

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CIS 03-1012 Decree 1057/2003, modifying Decrees No.351/79, 911/96 and 617/97 for the purpose of delegating to the Inspectorate of Occupational Risks to task of establishing the technical specifications required by the occupational health and safety regulations, approved by the National Executive Authority in virtue of Act No.19587 [Argentina]. (Spanish: Decreto 1057/2003 - Modifícanse los Decretos Nros.351/79, 911/96 y 617/97, con la finalidad de facultar a la Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo para actualizar las especificaciones técnicas de los Reglamentos de Higiene y Seguridad en el Trabajo, aprobados por el Poder Ejecutivo Nacional en vertud de la Ley N° 19.587) Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina, 13 Nov. 2003, No.30.276, p.4. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://infoleg.mecon.gov.ar/txtnorma/90203.htm

This decree modifies Decrees 351/79 on general OSH regulations (CIS 03-510), 911/96 on OSH in the construction industry (CIS 96-1927) and 617/97 on OSH in agriculture (CIS 98-382). The establishment of OSH standards and specifications is henceforward assigned as a responsibility of the Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo (Inspectorate of Occupational Risks). (102491)

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CIS 03-1013 National legislation on occupational health and safety [Yemen]. (Arabic: Al-tašrī(āt al-wataniya lil-siha wa wl-salāma almihniya fi al-jumhūrīya al-yamanīya) World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, International Printing and Publication, Sana'a, Yemen, 1st ed., 2001. 135p. (In Arabic)

Internet:

Compendium of Yemeni legislation of relevance to OSH, including the 1995 Labour Act (as amended to 1997), three laws from 1991 on insurance, pensions and social services, respectively, and various other directives and regulations. (102071)

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CIS 03-1014 CD-ROM on labour law [France]. (French: Hypercode du travail [France]) Editions Tissot, 9 rue du Pré Paillard, Parc des Glaisins, 74940 Annecy-le-Vieux, France, No.2, 15 May 2003. CD-ROM readable on Windows and Macintosh operating systems. Price: EUR 229.00 + TVA (VAT) (for the 1st year of subscription). (In French)

Internet:

CD-ROM containing the whole French labour legislation in the form of HTML documents with numerous cross-references (hyperlinks), grouped under the following headings: labour agreements; labour regulations; placement and employment; occupational groups; workers' representatives; incentives, profit-sharing and employer-managed savings plans; labour conflicts; control of the compliance with labour legislation and regulations; specific provisions applicable to certain categories of workers; specific provisions applicable to French overseas territories; refresher training in the context of continuous vocational training. (102200)

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CIS 03-1015 Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 494/2001 on Regulations on occupations connected with health risks for persons other than workers and where the employees are subject to mandatory health check-ups [Latvia]. (Latvian: Noteikumi par darbiem, kas saistīti ar iespējamu risku citu cilvēku veselībai un kuros nodarbinātās personas tiek pakļautas obligātajām veselības pārbaudēm) Latvijas Republikas Saeimas un Ministru Kabineta Ziņotājs, 14 Feb. 2002, No.3, p.83-84. (In Latvian)

Internet:
http://www.likumi.lv/doc.php?id=56050

These regulations provide a list of occupations where there may be health risks for persons other than workers and where the employees are subject to mandatory health check-ups, including the requirements as to how often such check-ups are to be performed. (102079)

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CIS 03-1016 Order of 27 Oct. 2003 of the Minister of Social Affairs and Solidarity concerning the establishment of model rules for an autonomous occupational medical service within an enterprise [Tunisia]. (French: Arrêté du ministre des affaires sociales et de la solidarité du 27 octobre 2003, portant fixation du règlement intérieur-type du service autonome de médecine du travail [Tunisie]) Journal officiel de la République tunisienne, 7 Nov. 2003, No.89, p.3296-3301. (In French)

Internet:

This Order establishes the standard rules applying to the operation of occupational medical services within enterprises. The Order also prescribes the obligation of workers to have regular medical examinations, at no charge to themselves and not resulting in a reduction in salary. (102495)

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CIS 03-1017 Order of 27 Oct. 2003 of the Minister of Social Affairs and Solidarity concerning the establishment of model employment contracts for occupational physicians in autonomous occupational medicine services and in group occupational medical practices [Tunisia]. (French: Arrêté du ministre des affaires sociales et de la solidarité du 27 octobre 2003, portant fixation des modèles de contrats de travail pour l'exercice de la médecine du travail dans un service autonome ou un groupement de médecine du travail [Tunisie]) Journal officiel de la République tunisienne, 7 Nov. 2003, No.89, p.3303-3320. (In French)

Internet:

This Order establishes sets out the contents of standard employment contracts for occupational physicians, whether they work for an individual enterprise or a group occupational medical practice. Responsibilities of occupational physicians are outlined as well as conditions for a trial period of employment and for dismissal. (102496)

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CIS 03-1018 Resolution No.123 of 17 Sep. 2002 concerning the adoption of the construction standards and rules "Occupational Safety in Construction. Part 2. Construction Activities" [Russian Federation]. (Russian: Postanovlenie ot 17 sentjabrja 2002 g. N 123 o prinjatii stroitel'nyh norm i pravil Rossijskoj Federacii "Bezopasnost' truda v stroitel'stve. Čast' 2. Stroitel'noe Proizvodstvo") Gosudarstvennyj Komitet Rossijskoj Federacii po Stroitel'stvu i Žiliščno - Kommunal'nomu Kompleksu, 18 Oct. 2002, No.3880. 34p. (In Russian)

Internet:
http://stroy.h11.ru/str/law/doc00346.html

Safety rules for construction sites. Chapters treat specific safety regulations for different aspects of construction work: demolition work and construction activities during the renovation or demolition of buildings; earthworks; equipment for foundation and drilling work; concrete work; erection work; stone work; finishing work; storage and assembly of wooden construction elements; insulation work; roofing; assembly of engineering equipment in buildings; testing of equipment and tubing; electrical installations and repair work; construction in mines. (102096)

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CIS 03-1019 ADN 2003 - Volumes 1 and 2 [United Nations]. (French: ADN 2003 - Volumes 1 et 2 [Nations Unies]) United Nations Publications Sales, 1221 Genève 10, Switzerland, 2003. xxxv, 413p. Illus. (Vol. I); v, 487p. Illus. (Vol II)., ISBN 92-1-139082-6 (En - Vol. I), ISBN 92-1-139083-4 (En - Vol. II), ISBN 92-1-139084-2 (En - 2 Vols), ISBN 92-1-239076-5 (fr vol. I), ISBN 92-1-239077-3 (fr vol. II), ISBN 92-1-239078-1 (fr 2 vol.) (In English, French)

Internet:



The European agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways (ADN) was adopted on 25 May 2000 on the occasion of the Diplomatic Conference organized jointly by the Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine (CCNR). ADN consists of a main legal text and Regulations annexed thereto and aims at ensuring a high level of safety of the international carriage of dangerous goods by inland waterways, contributing effectively to the protection of the environment, by preventing any pollution resulting from accidents or incidents during such carriage, and facilitating transport operations and promoting international trade of chemicals. The annexed Regulations contain provisions concerning dangerous substances and articles, provisions concerning their carriage in packages and in bulk on board inland navigation vessels and tank vessels, as well as provisions concerning the construction and operation of such vessels. They also address requirements and procedures for inspections, issue of certificates of approval, recognition of classification societies, monitoring, and training and examination of experts. Volume 1 contains the final act of the conference, the resolution on the follow-up of the conference, the agreement as adopted on 25 May 2000 and part of the annexed regulations as revised as of 1 January 2002. These are continued in volume 2. (102138)

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CIS 03-1020 Consolidated Act No.21 of 16 Jan. 1996 on Chemical Substances and Products [Denmark]. (Danish: Bekendtgørelse af lov om kemiske stoffer og produkter) Internet document, 1996-2004. 23p. (Da); 29p. (En) (In Danish, English)

Internet:
http://www.brandinfo.dk/pdf/Lbk_love/Kemiske_stoffer_produkter_lbk21.pdf
http://147.29.40.91/DELFIN/HTML/A1996/0002129.htm

http://www.mst.dk/rules/Acts%20in%20force/Chemicals%20in%20force/03030100.doc

Consolidated law on chemical safety, as modified till 2004. Its aim is to prevent hazards to health and damage to the environment in connection with the manufacturing, storage, use and disposal of chemical substances and products. Contents: objectives and scope; general provisions; environmental labelling; classification, packaging, labelling and storage of chemical substances and products; rules pertaining to the sale of toxic substances and products; restrictions on the presence and use of chemical substances; rules on the composition of chemical products; approval of chemical substances and products for specific purposes; control, information and test obligations on manufacturers and importers; designated authorities. In annex: list of substances and products for which approval is needed (classified as pesticides and plant protection products). (102173)

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CIS 03-1021 Decree No.13 of 30 Dec. 2003 on the protection of workers against the risks of exposure to chemical agents at work [Bulgaria]. (Bulgarian: Naredba N°13 ot 30 dekemvri 2003 g. za zaštita na raboteštite ot riskove, svărzani s ekspozicija na himični agenti pri rabota) Dăržaven vestnik, 30 Jan. 2004, No.8, p.51-70. (In Bulgarian)

Internet:
http://law.dir.bg/reference.php?f=n13tsp03

This Decree defines employers' obligations regarding chemical safety, including minimal levels of protective measures. In annex: TLV list, with CAS number, 8hr TWA and 15min peak values and specific effect codes for chemicals (where appropriate). Decree No.13 of 1992 concerning maximum concentrations of harmful substances in the workplace, with its various amendments, is revoked. (102500)

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CIS 03-1022 Annexes A and B to Council Directive 96/49/EC as announced in Commission Directive 2001/6/EC adapting for the third time to technical progress Council Directive 96/49/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by rail [European Union]. (French: Annexes A et B de la directive 96/49/CE du Conseil telles qu'annoncées dans la directive 2001/6/CE de la Commission portant adaptation pour la troisième fois au progrès technique de la directive 96/49/CE du Conseil relative au rapprochement des législations des Etats membres concernant le transport des marchandises dangereuses par chemin de fer [Union européenne]; Spanish: Anexos A y B de la Directiva 96/49/CE del Consejo, tal como anunciados en la Directiva 2001/6/CE de la Comisión, por la que se adapta por tercera vez al progreso técnico la Directiva 96/49/CE del Consejo sobre la aproximación de las legislaciones de los Estados miembros relativas al transporte de mercancías peligrosas por ferrocarril) Official Journal of the European Union - Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, 26 Apr. 2004, Vol.47, No.L 121, p.1-864 (whole issue). Illus. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2004/l_121/l_12120040426en00010864.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/2004/l_121/l_12120040426es00010864.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/2004/l_121/l_12120040426fr00010864.pdf

Annex to Council Directive 96/49/EC of 23 July 1996 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States with regard to the transport of dangerous goods by rail (see CIS 98-408). Contents: 1 - General provisions: scope and applicability, definitions and measurement units, training and safety responsibilities of people involved in the transportation of dangerous goods, exemptions, general safety rules for Class 7 (radioactive) substances, control and other support measures. 2 - Classification of dangerous goods (definitions, extensive lists). 3 - List of dangerous goods, special provisions and exemptions for the transportation of goods packed in limited quantities. 4 - Use of packing, large bulk containers, bulk packaging, mobile and metallic tank cars, fibre-reinforced plastic containers. 5 - Dispatch procedures (including standards for warning labels). 6 - General rules for the preparation of packaging. 7 - Provisions for transportation, loading, unloading and handling. (102078)

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CIS 03-1023 Health and Safety - The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 27p. Illus. Price: GBP 4.50., ISBN 0-11-042919-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20022677.htm

These Regulations re-enact, with minor modifications, Statutory Instruments 1999 No.437 on the same topic (CIS 00-620), which is repealed. It is consistent with, and implements as respects Great Britain, various European Council Directives, in particular 80/1107/EEC (CIS 81-1610), Commission Directives 91/322/EEC (CIS 92-1427) and 96/94/EC (CIS 97-9), and others with a more limited scope (vinyl chloride, benzene, carcinogens etc.), Council Directive 98/24/EC on dangerous chemicals (see CIS 98-1094) and Directive 2000/54/EC on biological hazards (see CIS 03-1046). The Regulations impose duties on employers to protect employees and other persons who may be exposed to substances hazardous to health. These duties relate to: prohibition of importation (except from another EU state) of certain substances (2-naphthylamine, benzidine, 4-aminodiphenyl, 4-nitrodiphenyl, salts of these chemicals, matches made with white phosphorus); assessment of health risks; prevention, control and monitoring of exposure; health surveillance; information, instruction and training; arrangements to deal with accidents, incidents and emergencies; fumigation; exemption certificates. In the schedules: list of carcinogens; prohibition of certain substances for certain purposes; special provisions relating to biological agents; examination and testing frequency of local exhaust ventilation plant; specific substances to be monitored; medical surveillance in connection with certain substances; legislation concerned with the labelling of containers and pipes; fumigation exemptions and notifications. (102092)

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CIS 03-1024 Commission Directive 2004/73/EC of 29 April 2004 adapting to technical progress for the twenty-ninth time Council Directive 67/548/EEC on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances [European Union]. (French: Directive 2004/73/CE de la Commission du 29 avril 2004 portant vingt-neuvième adaptation au progrès technique de la directive 67/548/CEE du Conseil concernant le rapprochement des dispositions législatives, réglementaires et administratives relatives à la classification, l'emballage et l'étiquetage des substances dangereuses [Union européenne]; Spanish: Directiva 2004/73/CE de la Comisión, de 29 de abril de 2004, por la que se adapta, por vigésima novena vez, al progreso técnico la Directiva 67/548/CEE del Consejo relativa a la aproximación de las disposiciones legales, reglamentarias y administrativas en materia de clasificación, embalaje y etiquetado de las sustancias peligrosas) Official Journal of the European Union - Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, 30 Apr. 2004, Vol.47, No.L 152, p.1-316 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl. ref. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2004/l_152/l_15220040430en00010311.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/2004/l_152/l_15220040430es00010315.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/2004/l_152/l_15220040430fr00010316.pdf

This Directive contains an updated Annex I to Directive 67/548/EEC (see CIS 92-23), with a list of dangerous substances together with their identification numbers, chemical name, EC and CAS numbers, classification and labelling codes, concentration limits (if any) and notes relating to preparations containing them. Certain entries from previous lists have been deleted or changed. The labelling of preparations containing 1,3-butadiene is to be modified, as the substance has been reclassified as mutagenic. Annex V of the 1967 Directive, concerning the methods for the determination of the physical and chemical properties, the toxicity and the ecotoxicity of substances and preparations, is also modified in order to reduce to the maximum extent possible the number of animals needed for experiments. (102094)

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CIS 03-1025 Directive 2003/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 March 2003 amending Council Directive 83/477/EEC on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to asbestos at work [European Union]. (French: Directive 2003/18/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 27 mars 2003 modifiant la directive 83/477/CEE du Conseil concernant la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'exposition à l'amiante pendant le travail [Union européenne]; Spanish: Directiva 2003/18/CE del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 27 de marzo de 2003, por la que se modifica la Directiva 83/477/CEE del Consejo sobre la protección de los trabajadores contra los riesgos relacionados con la exposición al amianto durante el trabajo) Official Journal of the European Union - Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, 15 Apr. 2003, Vol.46, No.L 97, p.48-52. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2003/l_097/l_09720030415en00480052.pdf


http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/2003/l_097/l_09720030415es00480052.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/2003/l_097/l_09720030415fr00480052.pdf


Modification of Directive 83/477/EEC (see CIS 84-327). Contents: new listing of substances included within the concept of asbestos; changed conditions under which workers are authorized to work while exposed to low concentrations of asbestos; changed details of what a notification of working with asbestos should contain; general prohibition of work in the presence of asbestos, with exemptions noted; statement of principle concerning the reduction of asbestos exposure levels to a minimum; new rules concerning the determination of asbestos concentrations; new exposure limit (8h TWA) of 0.1 fibre/cm3; changed provisions concerning the responsibilities of employers for reducing exposure. (102098)

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CIS 03-1026 Commission Regulation (EC) No.1896/2000 of 7 September 2000 on the first phase of the programme referred to in Article 16(2) of Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on biocidal products [European Union]. (French: Règlement (CE) nº1896/2000 de la Commission du 7 septembre 2000 concernant la première phase du programme visé à l'article 16, paragraphe 2, de la directive 98/8/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil relative aux produits biocides [Union européenne]; Spanish: Reglamento (CE) nº1896/2000 de la Comisión, de 7 de septiembre de 2000, relativo a la primera fase del programa contemplado en el apartado 2 del artículo 16 de la Directiva 98/8/CE del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo sobre biocidas) Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 8 Sep. 2000, Vol.43, No.L 228, p.6-17. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2000/l_228/l_22820000908en00060017.pdf


http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/2000/l_228/l_22820000908es00060017.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/2000/l_228/l_22820000908fr00060017.pdf

This Regulation was issued in pursuance of Directive 98/8/EC concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market. It lays down provisions for the establishment and implementation of a programme of work for the systematic examination of all active substances of biocidal products. Contents: definitions; identification of existing biocidal products; notification of existing active substances; consequences of identification and notification; submission of dossiers; preparation of a list of basic substances. In annex: information required for identification of active substances. (102100)

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CIS 03-1027 Health and Safety - The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 51p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 7.50., ISBN 0-11-042419-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20021689.htm

These Regulations revoke and re-enact with amendments the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 1994 (S.I. 1994/3247) (see CIS 95-23), together with a number of their amendments (including those abstracted as CIS 97-367 and CIS 97-1422). They implement in Great Britain the provisions of a large number of EU directives, including the Substances Directive 92/32/EEC (CIS 92-726), the Preparations Directive 1999/45/EC (CIS 00-1517) and the Safety Data Sheets Directive 91/155/EEC (CIS 93-1425). Contents: definitions; scope (dangerous substances and preparations, with the exception of medicinal products, controlled drugs, cosmetics, wastes, foodstuffs, animal feeds, radioactive substances, medical devices, finished products intended for a final user and samples, as well as substances or preparations carried by transport); procedures for classifying dangerous substances and dangerous preparations; description of safety data sheets; requirement that advertisements for dangerous substances and preparations must refer to their hazards; packaging and labelling requirements for dangerous substances and preparations; exemptions. In the schedules: classification schemes for dangerous substances and preparations; indications of danger and symbols for dangerous substances and preparations; provisions for classifying dangerous preparations; determination of concentration limits (when not given in the approved supply list); determination of concentration limits to be used for the evaluation of environment hazards; headings to be used in safety data sheets; labelling particulars for dangerous substances and preparations. (102171)

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CIS 03-1028 Council Directive 1999/13/EC of 11 March 1999 on the limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities and installations [European Union]. (French: Directive 1999/13/CE du Conseil du 11 mars 1999 relative à la réduction des émissions de composés organiques volatils dues à l'utilisation de solvants organiques dans certaines activités et installations [Union européenne]; Spanish: Directiva 1999/13/CE del Consejo de 11 de marzo de 1999 relativa a la limitación de las emisiones de compuestos orgánicos volátiles debidas al uso de disolventes orgánicos en determinadas actividades e instalaciones) Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 29 Mar. 1999, Vol.42, No.L 85, p.1-22. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/1999/l_085/l_08519990329en00010022.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/1999/l_085/l_08519990329es00010022.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/1999/l_085/l_08519990329fr00010022.pdf

The purpose of this Directive is to prevent or reduce the direct and indirect effects of emissions of volatile organic compounds into the environment (mainly the atmosphere) and their potential risks to human health. Contents: definitions; obligations applying to new and existing installations; requirements; definition and implementation of national plans for reducing emissions; substitution; monitoring; compliance with emission limit values; information systems and reporting. In annex: scope (activities to which the Directive applies: adhesive coating, coating activities in general, coil coating, dry cleaning, footwear manufacturing, other types of manufacturing, printing, rubber conversion, surface coating, extraction and refining of oils and fats, vehicle refinishing, winding wire coating, wood impregnation, wood and plastic lamination); threshold and emission controls in specific activities, with special consideration of the vehicle coating industry; reduction schemes; solvent management plans. (102174)

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CIS 03-1029 Health and Safety - Control of Asbestos Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 17p. Illus. Price: GBP 3.50., ISBN 0-11-042918-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20022675.htm

These Regulations re-enact, with modifications, the Control of Asbestos Regulations 1987 (CIS 89-1418), as amended in 1992 (CIS 93-360) and 1998 (CIS 00-21). They implement in Great Britain the provisions of Directives 76/769/EEC (CIS 92-22), 83/477/EEC (CIS 84-327), 90/394/EEC (CIS 90-1758) and 98/24/EC (CIS 98-1094), as modified. The main purpose of the Regulations is to protect workers who may be exposed to asbestos at work and other persons who may be affected by such work. They also impose duties on employees concerning their own protection from such exposure. An action level is established at 72 fibre-hours/mL (air) for chrysotile alone, 48 fibre-hours/mL (air) for other types of asbestos, all measured over a continuous 12-week period. The corresponding control limits are: 0.3f/mL (4h), 0.9f/mL (10min) for chrysotile; 0.2f/mL (4h), 0.6f/mL (10min) for other types of asbestos, all measured continuously in air. Contents: interpretation; responsibilities of employers; duty to manage asbestos in non-domestic premises; identification of the type of asbestos present in the workplace; plans of work; notification of work with asbestos to the enforcing authority; information, instruction and training of workers; prevention or reduction of exposure to asbestos; use and maintenance of control measures; provision and cleaning of protective clothing; arrangements to deal with accidents, incidents and emergencies; duty on employer to prevent the spreading of asbestos; cleanliness of premises and plant; designated areas; air monitoring; standards of air testing; standards for analysis; health records and medical surveillance; washing and changing facilities; storage, distribution and labelling of raw asbestos and asbestos waste; supply of products containing asbestos for use at work. (102178)

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CIS 03-1030 Health and Safety - The Control of Lead at Work Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 13p. Price: GBP 3.00., ISBN 0-11-042917-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20022099.htm

These Regulation re-enact, with modifications, The Control of Lead at Work Regulations 1998 (S.I. 1998/543) (CIS 98-391). They implement in Great Britain the provisions of Council Directive 98/24/EC (CIS 98-1094), insofar as they apply to exposure to lead. Contents: interpretation; duties of employers and self-employed persons; prohibitions (use of lead-containing glaze or high-solubility glaze; employment of young persons or women of reproductive capacity in certain activities); hazard evaluation of work involving lead; prevention and control of lead exposure; prohibition of eating, drinking and smoking in areas where contamination by lead is present; maintenance, examination and testing of control measures; air monitoring; medical surveillance; information, instruction and training; arrangements to deal with accidents, incidents and emergencies. Intervention levels are established: action level - blood-lead concentration of 25µg/dL for women of reproductive capacity, 40µg/dL for young persons, and 50µg/dL for others; suspension level - blood-lead concentration of 30, 50 and 60µg/dL, respectively, for the above categories and urinary lead concentrations of 25µg Pb/g creatinine for women of reproductive capacity and 110µg Pb/g creatinine for others. In the schedule: activities in which employment of young persons and women of reproductive capacity is prohibited on account of possible exposure to lead. (102180)

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CIS 03-1031 Royal Decree 349 of 21 March 2003 modifying Royal Decree 665 of 12 May 1997 on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to carcinogenic agents at work and extending the scope of its application to mutagenic agents [Spain]. (Spanish: Real Decreto 349/2003, de 21 de marzo, por el que se modifica el Real Decreto 665/1997, de 12 de mayo, sobre la protección de los trabajadores contra los riesgos relacionados con la exposición a agentes cancerígenos durante el trabajo, y por el que se amplía su ámbito de aplicación a los agentes mutágenos) Boletín Oficial del Estado, 5 Apr. 2003, No.82, p.13297-13298 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2003-04-05/pdfs/A13297-13298.pdf

This Decree entered into force on 21 March 2003. It incorporates into Spanish legislation the provisions of Council Directive 1999/38/EC (CIS 00-1516) by extending the scope of Decree 665/1997 on the protection of workers against exposure to carcinogens (CIS 97-722) to cover mutagens as well. (102183)

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CIS 03-1032 Health and Safety - The Notification of New Substances (Amendment) Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 8p. Price: GBP 2.00., ISBN 0-11-042696-7 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20022176.htm

Modifications of the 1993 Regulations S.I. 1993 No.3050 (see CIS 94-423), implementing in Great Britain parts of Directive 2001/59/EC (see CIS 01-962). The regulations provide for allowing for a reduced test method for certain chemical intermediates used exclusively for chemical processing. Contents: definitions; exact conditions for the application of a reduced test package; technical dossier to be supplied for a reduced test package; criteria for the assessment of closed systems during the handling of chemical agents. In schedule: additional information and tests required under the regulations. (102237)

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CIS 03-1033 Health and Safety - The Biocidal Products (Amendment) Regulations 2003 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2003. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 9p. Price: GBP 2.50., ISBN 0-11-045001-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2003/20030429.htm

These Regulations introduce an industrial charge in connection with the authorization and registration of biocidal products under the 2001 regulations (see CIS 01-1299). (102239)

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CIS 03-1034 Interministerial Order of 5 Sha'ban 1424, corresponding to 1 Oct. 2003, concerning the protection of workers against the risks of inhalation of asbestos dust [Algeria]. (French: Arrêté interministériel du 5 Chaâbane 1424 correspondant au 1er octobre 2003 relatif à la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'inhalation de poussières d'amiante [Algérie]) Journal officiel de la République algérienne, 31 Jan. 2004, No.7, p.6-10. (In French)

Internet:

This Order deals with the means of protection against the against the risks of inhalation of asbestos dust, including areal protection measures, medical supervision and personal protective measures in specific work processes. (102498)

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CIS 03-1035 Health and Safety - The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 20p. Illus. Price: GBP 3.50., ISBN 0-11-042957-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20022776.htm

These Regulations impose requirements for the purpose of eliminating or reducing risks to safety from fires, explosions and other events arising from the hazardous properties of dangerous substances at work. They implement in Great Britain the provisions of Directives 98/24/EC (CIS 98-1094) and 99/92/EC (CIS 00-1523). Contents: interpretation; scope (excludes ships, substances used during medical treatment, use of gas appliances burning gaseous fuel, gas fittings, handling and transport of explosives and chemically unstable substances, mining and quarrying activities, borehole sites, offshore installations, most transportation activities); duties of employers; risk assessment; elimination and reduction of risks from dangerous substances; classification and requirements of places where explosive atmospheres may occur; arrangements to deal with accidents, incidents and emergencies; information, instruction and training; identification of hazardous contents of containers and pipes. In schedules: general safety measures; classification of places where explosive atmospheres may occur; criteria for the selection of equipment and protective systems; sample warning sign for explosive atmospheres. A large number of older regulations are repealed or modified. (102177)

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CIS 03-1036 Recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods - Model regulations [United Nations]. (French: Recommandations relatives au transport de marchandises dangereuses - Règlements types [Nations Unies]; Russian: Perevozka opasnyh gruzov: Tipovye pravila - Trinadcatoe peresmotrennoe izdanie; Spanish: Recomendaciones relativas al transporte de mercancías peligrosas - Reglementación modelo) United Nations Publications, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland, 13th Rev.ed., 2003. vi, 414p. Illus. (Vol.I); vii, 348p. Illus. (Vol.II)., ISBN 92-1-139090-7 (En), ISBN 92-1-239085-4 (fr), ISBN 92-1-339029-7 (es) (In English, French, Russian, Spanish)

Internet:




Latest update of the "Orange Book" (for the previous edition in English, see CIS 02-530). It contains a list of dangerous goods most commonly carried to which a UN identification number has been allocated. It addresses: principles of classification and definition of classes, general packing requirements, testing procedures; marking, labelling or placarding; shipping documents. Special recommendations apply to certain classes of goods. The recommendations do not apply to dangerous goods in bulk. (102339)

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CIS 03-1037 Recommendations on the transport of dangerous goods - Model regulations [United Nations]. United Nations Publications, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland, 12th Rev.ed., 2002. v, 789p. Illus. (In Arabic)

Internet:

Arabic version of the 12th revised edition of the "Orange Book" (see CIS 02-530 for the English edition). It contains a list of dangerous goods most commonly carried to which a UN identification number has been allocated. It addresses: principles of classification and definition of classes, general packing requirements, testing procedures; marking, labelling or placarding; shipping documents. Special recommendations apply to certain classes of goods. The recommendations do not apply to dangerous goods in bulk. (102340)

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CIS 03-1038 Act No.36 of 12 May 2000 on Radiation Protection and the Use of Radiation [Norway]. (Norwegian: Lov om strålevern og bruk av stråling) Norsk Lovtidend, 9 June 2000, Part I, No.11 (In Norwegian only). Internet versions: 10p. (Norwegian); 8p. (English). (In English, Norwegian)

Internet:
http://www.ub.uio.no/ujur/ulovdata/lov-20000512-036-eng.pdf


http://www.lovdata.no/all/hl-20000512-036.html


This act applies to all activities that may involve the manufacturing, handling, transportation or disposal of radioactive substances. It also applies to human activities that may involve increased exposure to ionizing radiation from sources naturally occurring in the environment, and to emergency planning against incidents and accidents involving radioactive sources. Contents: definitions; general provisions (basic principles of radiation protection, approval and notification, instruction and training, protective measures, special provisions on radioactive waste and discarded radiation-emitting apparatus, issuing of regulations on radiation protection [incl. against radiation naturally occurring in the environment]); special provisions on the medical use of ionizing radiation; planning of and preparedness for incident and accident management. The English translation is unofficial. (102175)

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CIS 03-1039 Directive 2004/40/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (electromagnetic fields) (18th individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) [European Union]. (French: Directive 2004/40/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 29 avril 2004 concernant les prescriptions minimales de sécurité et de santé relatives à l'exposition des travailleurs aux risques dus aux agents physiques (champs électromagnétiques) (dix-huitième directive particulière au sens de l'article 16, paragraphe 1, de la directive 89/391/CEE) [Union européenne]; Spanish: Directiva 2004/40/CE del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 29 de abril de 2004, sobre las disposiciones mínimas de seguridad y de salud relativas a la exposición de los trabajadores a los riesgos derivados de los agentes físicos (campos electromagnéticos) (decimoctava Directiva específica con arreglo al apartado 1 del artículo 16 de la Directiva 89/391/CEE)) Official Journal of the European Union - Journal officiel de l'Union européenne, 24 May 2004, Vol.47, No.L 184, p.1-9 (whole issue). (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2004/l_184/l_18420040524en00010009.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/2004/l_184/l_18420040524es00010009.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/2004/l_184/l_18420040524fr00010009.pdf

Corrigendum and full corrected version of the Directive originally published in the Official Journal on 30 Apr. 2004 (Vol.47, No.L 159). The Directive concerns the prevention of short-term effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields in the 0-300GHz range. Contents: definitions; discussion of exposure limit values and action values; obligations of employers (determination of exposure and assessment of risks, provisions aimed at avoiding or reducing risks, worker information and training, consultation and participation of workers); miscellaneous provisions (health surveillance, technical amendments). In annexes: exposure limits and action values for electromagnetic fields (in function of the frequency range). (102095)

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CIS 03-1040 Health and Safety - The Packaging, Labelling and Carriage of Radioactive Material by Rail Regulations 2002 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2002. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 30p. Price: GBP 6.00., ISBN 0-11-042651-7 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2002/20022099.htm

These Regulations implement in Great Britain the provisions of Council Directive 96/49/EC (CIS 98-408) and Commission Directive 2001/6/EC. Contents: interpretation; determinations (radioactive materials, the transport index, the criticality safety index); duties (of consignors, train operators, consignees, operators of wagons and containers, and of designers of packages and manufacturers of packagings); approvals and notifications; quality assurance and training; security measures and emergency arrangements; keeping of information; exemption certificates. Annexes. S.I. 1996/2000 on the same subject (CIS 97-380) is revoked. (102179)

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CIS 03-1041 Atomic Energy and Radioactive Substances - The Nuclear Industries Security Regulations 2003 [United Kingdom]. HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2003. (Also: TSO Online Bookshop, http://www.tso.co.uk/bookshop/). 22p. Price: GBP 4.00., ISBN 0-11-045397-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si2003/20030403.htm

These Regulations provide for the regulation of the civil nuclear industry for security purposes, in line with the provisions of the Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001. They prescribe certain types of radioactive materials as "nuclear material". In addition to providing for the security of nuclear premises, they regulate the safe transportation of nuclear material. In annex: classification of nuclear materials from the point of view of minimum quantities subject to regulation. (102238)

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CIS 03-1042 Ordinance concerning protection against the hazards of ionizing radiation [Germany]. (German: Verordnung über den Schutz vor Schäden durch ionisierende Strahlen (StrlSchV 2001)) Bundesgesetzblatt, 26 July 2001, No.38, Part I, p.1714-1836. Illus. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.h-wie-herz.de/Recht/Strahlenschutzverordnung.pdf
http://217.160.60.235/BGBL/bgbl1f/b101038f.pdf

This Ordinance constitutes Article I of the Ordinance transposing into German legislation the provisions of Council Directive 96/29/EURATOM laying down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation (see CIS 96-1943) and of Council Directive 97/43/EURATOM on health protection of individuals against the dangers of ionizing radiation in relation to medical exposures. Contents: protection of people and the environment against radioactive substances and ionizing radiation used for work activities; requirements for the safe use of radioactive substances and ionizing radiation; protection of people and the environment against natural radiation present at work. In annexes: activities that do not require permits; documentation needed for the testing of newly proposed permits; threshold limits for various radioactive substances; exemptions; conditions for the certification of equipment using radiation; dosimetric quantities, units and factors; data for the evaluation of radiation dose; medical forms used in radiation protection; standard warning sign for radiation hazard; data for the hazard evaluation of the handling of radioactive waste; occupations where high levels of natural radiation can be expected; utilization and elimination of radioactive residues; prescribed information of the general public (in case of radiation emergencies); competent organizations in Germany for the monitoring of radiation emission and exposures. (102492)

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CIS 03-1043 Regulation of 23 Dec. 2003 concerning the medical examination of exposed workers [Slovenia]. (Slovenian: Pravilnik o izvajanju zdravstvenega nadzora izpostavljenih delavcev) Uradni list Republike Slovenije, 15 Jan. 2004, No.2, p.268-274. (In Slovenian)

Internet:
http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=20042&stevilka=86

This regulation, issued under the authority of the Act of 11 July 2002 on protection against ionizing radiation and on nuclear safety (see CIS 02-1053), prescribes the modalities of preventive medical examinations for workers exposed to ionizing radiation. (102493)

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CIS 03-1044 Regulations on radiation exposure limits [Bosnia and Herzegovina]. (Bosnian: Pravilnik o granicama iznad kojih lica ne smiju biti izložena ozračenju) Službene Novine Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine, 13 Feb. 2004, No.8, p.209-210. (In Bosnian)

Internet:

These regulations were issued under the authority of the Act of 14 April 1999 on protection against ionizing radiation (see CIS 00-934). They contain limits of exposure to ionizing radiation for workers below the age of 18, as well as for people working in the presence of potential exposure to ionizing radiation and for the general population. (102499)

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CIS 03-1045 Directive 2001/45/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2001 amending Council Directive 89/655/EEC concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work (second individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) [European Union]. (French: Directive 2001/45/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 27 juin 2001 modifiant la directive 89/655/CEE du Conseil concernant les prescriptions minimales de sécurité et de santé pour l'utilisation par les travailleurs au travail d'équipements de travail (deuxième directive particulière au sens de l'article 16, paragraphe 1, de la directive 89/391/CEE) [Union européenne]; Spanish: Directiva 2001/45/CE del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 27 de junio de 2001, por la que se modifica la Directiva 89/655/CEE del Consejo relativa a las disposiciones mínimas de seguridad y de salud para la utilización por los trabajadores en el trabajo de los equipos de trabajo (2a Directiva específica con arreglo al apartado 1 del artículo 16 de la Directiva 89/391/CEE)) Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 19 July 2001, Vol.44, No.L 195, p.46-49. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2001/l_195/l_19520010719en00460049.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/2001/l_195/l_19520010719es00440045.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/2001/l_195/l_19520010719fr00460049.pdf

This Directive modifies Directive 89/655/EEC (see CIS 90-357). It contains provisions concerning the use of work equipment provided for temporary work at a height, and in particular, provisions related to the safe use of ladders, scaffolding and rope access and positioning techniques. (102099)

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CIS 03-1046 Directive 2000/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work (seventh individual directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) [European Union]. (French: Directive 2000/54/CE du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 18 septembre 2000 concernant la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'exposition à des agents biologiques au travail (septième directive particulière au sens de l'article 16, paragraphe 1, de la directive 89/391/CEE) [Union européenne]; Spanish: Directiva 2000/54/CE del Parlamento Europeo y del Consejo, de 18 de septiembre de 2000, sobre la protección de los trabajadores contra los riesgos relacionados con la exposición a agentes biológicos durante el trabajo (Séptima Directiva específica con arreglo al apartado 1 del artículo 16 de la Directiva 89/391/CEE)) Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 17 Oct. 2000, Vol.43, No.L 262, p.21-45. Illus. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/2000/l_262/l_26220001017en00210045.pdf

http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/es/oj/dat/2000/l_262/l_26220001017es00210045.pdf
http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/fr/oj/dat/2000/l_262/l_26220001017fr00210045.pdf

Consolidated version of Directive 90/679/EEC (CIS 91-29, which is repealed) with its various amendments, also repealed: 93/88/EEC (CIS 94-783), 95/30/EC (CIS 99-730), 97/59/EC (CIS 97-1430) and 97/65/EC (CIS 97-1790). The aim of the Directive is to protect workers against risks to their health and safety arising from exposure to biological agents at work. Contents: definitions; scope, risk determination and assessment; employers' obligations (replacement, risk reduction, information for the competent authority, hygiene and individual protection, information and training of workers, worker information in particular cases, list of exposed workers, consultation and participation of workers, notification to the competent authority); miscellaneous provisions (health surveillance; health and veterinary care facilities other than diagnostic laboratories; special measures for industrial processes, laboratories and animal rooms; classification of biological agents). In annex: indicative list of activities; Community classification (bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi); practical recommendations for the health surveillance of workers; indications concerning containment measures and containment levels; containment measures for industrial processes; recommended code of practice on vaccination. (102093)

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[ Top of page ]

Chemical data sheets and criteria documents

CIS 03-1047 Tributyltin oxide (No.36). Advisory Committee on Existing Chemicals of Environmental Relevance (BUA), S. Hirzel Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellachaft, P.O. Box 10 10 61, 70009 Stuttgart, Germany, 2003. xx, 108p. 220 ref. Price: EUR 49.50., ISBN 3-7776-1260-X (In English)

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Conclusions of this criteria document on tributyltin oxide (TBTO): animal experiments show TBTO to be acutely toxic by ingestion and harmful by skin absorption. Inhaled TBTO aerosols are highly toxic. TBTO exposure is followed by rapid distribution, the main target organs being the liver, kidneys and the haematopoietic system. TBTO is immunotoxic. It is severely irritating to the skin and mucous membranes, and causes contact allergy. TBTO is not mutagenic, and is clastogenic only at cytotoxic concentrations. It does not affect fertility. In man, studies indicate that TBTO vapours cause nausea, vomiting, headaches, sore throat, irritation of the mucous membranes, and it can trigger asthma. Dermal contact with liquids containing TBTO can cause irritant skin lesions. (102148)

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CIS 03-1048 Synthesis of scientific knowledge on health hazards from occupational exposures to manganese. (French: Synthèse des connaissances scientifiques sur les risques d'atteinte à la santé suite à une exposition professionnelle au manganèse) Ostiguy C., Malo S., Asselin P., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. 40p. 209 ref. Price: CAD 6.42. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-339.pdf

Contents of this criteria document on manganese: occurrence of manganese in the environment; occupational exposure to manganese; metabolism and distribution (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, toxicity mechanisms); biomarkers of exposure and effects; health effects (extrapolation to man of effects on animals, effects on the respiratory, reproductive and central nervous system (CNS)); current standards and recommendations. In view of the effects the CNS, ACCGIH is currently studying revising their recommended exposure limit for manganese from the current level of 0.20mg/m3 in total dust to 0.03mg/m3 in respirable dust. (102197)

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CIS 03-1049 Sodium hydroxide. (Spanish: Hidróxido de sodio) Consejo Colombiano de Seguridad, Bogotá, Colombia, Jan.-Feb. 2003. 3p. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Material safety data sheet on sodium hydroxide. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Toxicity: irritation of the respiratory tract by inhalation which can cause chemical pneumonitis; ingestion may cause severe burns of the mouth, throat and stomach and lead to death with symptoms such as bleeding, diarrhoea, vomiting and hypotension; skin contact can induce irritation, possibly leading to chemical burns; contact with eyes can cause irritation or chemical burns which can lead to vision damage and blindness; prolonged contact may cause an obstructive effect. (102314)

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CIS 03-1050 Chlorine. (Spanish: Cloro) Consejo Colombiano de Seguridad, Bogotá, Colombia, Mar.-Apr. 2003. 3p. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Material safety data sheet on chlorine. Exposure limits: TWA 0.5ppm; STEL 1ppm. Exposure route: inhalation. Toxicity: corrosive and irritant for the respiratory tract and mucous membranes by inhalation with symptoms including chemical pneumonitis, pulmonary oedema and respiratory collapse which may be fatal; skin contact can induce irritation, chemical burns and necrosis; contact with eyes can cause irritation, ulcerations and chemical burns which can lead to vision damage; prolonged contact may cause dermatitis and dental erosion. (102315)

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CIS 03-1051 2,2'-Dipyridyl. (French: 2,2'-Dipyridyl) Internet documents, 2002, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc00/icsc0093.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/NIOSH/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0093.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2002. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: 2,2'-bipyridine; alpha,alpha'-bipyridyl, 2,2'-bipyridyl; 2-(2-pyridyl)pyridine. (102351)

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CIS 03-1052 Oxygen. (French: Oxygène; Spanish: Oxígeno (licuado)) Internet documents, 1999. 2p. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc01/icsc0138.pdf

http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0138.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0138.html

International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of respiratory tract at very high concentrations; effects on the central nervous system, lungs and eyes (visual disturbance). Long-term exposure effects: lungs may be affected by inhalation of high concentrations. Threshold limit value not established. (102352)

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CIS 03-1053 m-Chlorophenol. (French: m-Chlorophénol) Internet documents, 1999. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc01/icsc0150.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0150.html

International Chemical Safety Card (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 96-468). Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: 3-chlorophenol; 3-chloro-1-hydroxybenzene; 3-hydroxychlorobenzene. (102353)

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CIS 03-1054 Butane. (French: Butane (gaz liquéfié)) Internet documents, 2003. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc02/icsc0232.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0232.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2003 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 94-1145). Exposure routes: inhalation. Short-term exposure effects: frostbite on contact with liquid butane; exposure to high concentrations may cause effects on the central nervous system. Threshold limit value: 800ppm as 8h TWA (ACGIH 2003); pregnancy risk group: IIc (DFG 2003). (102354)

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CIS 03-1055 Adipic acid. (French: Acide adipique) Internet documents, 1998. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0369.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0369.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 95-1988). Exposure routes: inhalation. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; inhalation may cause asthmatic reactions; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce skin sensitization; prolonged or repeated inhalation may cause asthma. Threshold limit value: 5mg/m3 (ACGIH 1997). Synonyms: hexanedioic acid; 1,4-butanedicarboxylic acid. (102355)

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CIS 03-1056 m-Anisidine. (French: m-Anisidine) Internet documents, 2002. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0375.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0375.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2002. Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: methaemoglobinaemia; medical observation is indicated; effects may be delayed. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: 3-aminoanisole; 3-methoxyaniline; 3-aminophenol methyl ether; 3-methoxybenzeneamine. (102356)

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CIS 03-1057 Azodicarbonamide. (French: Diazènedicarboxamide) Internet documents, 1997. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0380.pdf


http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0380.html


International Chemical Safety Card published in 1997 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 00-648). Exposure routes: inhalation. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract; inhalation may cause asthmatic reactions; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce dermatitis and skin sensitization; prolonged or repeated inhalation may cause asthma. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: diazenedicarboxamide; 1,1'-azobisformamide. (102357)

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CIS 03-1058 Bensulide. (French: Bensulide) Internet documents, 2002. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0383.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0383.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2002 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 00-650). Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: effects on the nervous system (convulsions, respiratory failure, cholinesterase inhibition, death); exposure may result in death; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: cholinesterase inhibition; cumulative effect is possible. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: O,O-diisopropyl S-2-phenylsulfonylaminoethyl phosphorodithioate; phosphorodithioic acid; O,O-bis(1-methylethyl)S-(2-((phenylsulfonyl)amino)ethyl)ester. (102358)

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CIS 03-1059 Bentonite. (French: Bentonite) Internet documents, 1997. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0384.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0384.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1997 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 00-651). Exposure routes: inhalation. Long-term or repeated exposure effects: effects on the lungs resulting in silicosis due to the presence of crystalline silica. Threshold limit value not established. Synonym: wilkinite. (102359)

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CIS 03-1060 1,4-Benzenediamine dihydrochloride. (French: Dichlorhydrate de benzène-1,4-diamine) Internet documents, 1999. 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0386.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/Niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0386.html

International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of skin, eyes and respiratory tract; methaemoglobinaemia; kidney impairment; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce skin sensitization and asthma. Threshold limit value (as 1,4-benzenbediamine): 0.1mg/m3 (ACGIH 1999). Synonyms: 1,4-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride, 1,4-diaminobenzene dihydrochloride; 4-aminoaniline dihydrochloride; p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride. (102360)

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CIS 03-1061 Benzofuran. (French: Benzofurane) Internet documents, 2002, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0388.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0388.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2002. Exposure routes: inhalation. Long-term exposure effects: effects on the kidneys and liver; the substance is possibly carcinogenic. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: 2,3-benzofuran; coumarone. (102361)

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CIS 03-1062 n-Butyl acetate. (French: Acétate de n-butyle; Spanish: Acetato de n-butilo) Internet documents, 2003, 2p. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc03/icsc0399.pdf

http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0399.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0399.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2003. Exposure routes: inhalation. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract; effects on the central nervous system; lowering of consciousness when exposure is far above OEL. Long-term exposure effects: defatening of the skin. Threshold limit value: 150ppm as TWA; 200ppm as STEL (ACGIH 2003); pregnancy risk group C (DFG 2003). Synonyms: acetic acid, n-butyl ester; butyl ethanoate. (102362)

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CIS 03-1063 Butyl acrylate. (French: Acrylate de butyle) Internet documents, 2003, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0400.pdf


http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0400.htm


International Chemical Safety Card published in 2003 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 00-638). Exposure routes: inhalation and skin absorption. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; aspiration into the lungs may result in chemical pneumonitis. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce skin sensitization. Threshold limit value: 2ppm (ACGIH 2002); MAK 2ppm; pregnancy risk group: D (DFG 2003). Synonyms: acrylic acid n-butyl ester; 2-propenoic acid, butyl ester; butyl 2-propenoate. (102363)

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CIS 03-1064 Butyl formate. (French: Formiate de butyle) Internet documents, 1996, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0402.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0402.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1996 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 96-2019). Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: strong irritation of the eyes and the respiratory tract; irritation of the skin; effects on the nervous system; exposure at high levels may result in unconsciousness. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: formic acid, butyl ester; n-butyl formate. (102364)

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CIS 03-1065 Calcium cyanide. (French: Cyanure de calcium) Internet documents, 1998, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0407.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0407.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 96-467). Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; effects on the intracellular oxygen metabolism (seizures, unconsciousness); exposure may result in death. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated skin contact may induce dermatitis. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: calcyanide; calcyan. (102365)

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CIS 03-1066 2-Bromo-2-nitro-1,3-propanediol. (French: 2-Bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol) Internet documents, 1995, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0415.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0415.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1995 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 00-946). Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated contact may induce skin sensitization. Threshold limit value not established. Synonym: β-bromo-β-nitrotrimethyleneglycol. (102366)

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CIS 03-1067 Bis(2-chloroethyl) ether. (French: Oxyde de bis(2-chloroéthyle)) Internet documents, 2000, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0417.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0417.pdf

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2000. Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; inhalation of vapour may cause pulmonary oedema; exposure far above OEL may cause death; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated skin contact may induce dermatitis. Threshold limit value: 5ppm (TWA); 10ppm (STEL); A4 (skin). Synonyms: dichloroethyl ether; 2,2'-dichloroethyl ether; 1,1'-oxybis(2-chloro)ethane; sym-dichloroethyl ether; diethylene glycol dichloride. (102367)

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CIS 03-1068 Cyclohexyl acetate. (French: Acétate de cyclohexyle; Spanish: Acetato de ciclohexilo) Internet documents, 1996, 2p. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0426.pdf

http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0426.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0426.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1996. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; effects on the central nervous system; lowering of consciousness at high levels (ingestion). Long-term exposure effects: defats the skin. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: acetic acid, cyclohexyl ester; hexalin acetate; cyclohexanol acetate. (102368)

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CIS 03-1069 Decane. (French: Décane) Internet documents, 1998, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0428.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0428.html


International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 96-472). Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: aspiration into the lungs may cause chemical pneumonitis. Long-term exposure effects: defats the skin. Threshold limit value not established. Synonym: n-decane. (102369)

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CIS 03-1070 Dichloroisopropyl ether. Internet documents, 2003, 2p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0435.pdf

International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: insufficient data available therefore utmost care must be taken. Long-term exposure effects: defats the skin. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: 2,2'-oxybis(1-chloropropane); dichlorodiisopropyl ether. (102370)

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CIS 03-1071 2,5-Dichlorophenol. (French: 2,5-Dichlorophénol; Spanish: 2,5-Diclorofenol) Internet documents, 1998, 2p. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0439.pdf

http://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0439.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0439.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998. Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short term exposure effects: strong irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; chloracne. Insufficient data are available on long-term effects of the substance, therefore utmost care must be taken. Threshold limit value not established. Synonym: 1-hydroxy-2,5-dichlorobenzene. (102371)

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CIS 03-1072 3,5-Dichlorophenol. (French: 3,5-Dichlorophénol; Spanish: 3,5-Diclorofenol) Internet documents, 1998, 2p. (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0440.pdf

hhttp://www.mtas.es/insht/ipcsnspn/nspn0440.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0440.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998. Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short term exposure effects: strong irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; chloracne. Insufficient data is available on long-term effects of the substance, therefore utmost care must be taken. Threshold limit value not established. Synonym: 1-hydroxy-3,5-dichlorobenzene. (102372)

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CIS 03-1073 Sodium N,N-diethyldithiocarbamate. (French: Diéthyldithiocarbamate de sodium) Internet documents, 1995, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0446.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0446.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1995 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 00-1250). Exposure routes: ingestion. Short term exposure effects: irritation of the skin. Threshold limit value not established. Synonym: dithiocarb sodium. (102373)

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CIS 03-1074 Dimethyl ether. (French: Ether diméthylique) Internet documents, 2002, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0454.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0454.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2002. Exposure routes: inhalation. Short term exposure effects: irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract; frostbite; effects on the central nervous system; exposure to high levels may cause lowering of consciousness. Threshold limit value: OEL as TWA: 1000ppm; 1920mg/m3 (EU 2002). Synonyms: methyl ether; oxybismethane; wood ether; methoxymethane. (102374)

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CIS 03-1075 Vanadium trioxyde. (French: Trioxyde de vanadium) Internet documents, 1998, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0455.pdf


http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0455.html


International Chemical Safety Card published in 1998. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; inhalation of high concentrations of aerosol may cause conjunctivitis, rhinitis and bronchitis; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: effects on the respiratory tract resulting in chronic rhinitis and chronic bronchitis. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: divanadium trioxide; vanadium sesquioxide; vanadic oxide; vanadium(III) oxide. (102375)

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CIS 03-1076 2,4-Xylenol. Internet documents, 2003, 2p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0458.pdf

International Chemical Safety Card. Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: the substance is corrosive to the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; corrosive on ingestion; inhalation of aerosol may cause lung oedema; effects may be delayed. Long-term exposure effects: prolonged or repeated exposure may cause skin sensitization. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: 2,4-dimethyphenol; m-xylenol, 1-hydroxy-2,4-dimethylbenzene. (102376)

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CIS 03-1077 1,3-Diphenylguanidine. (French: 1,3- Diphénylguanidine) Internet documents, 2000, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0467.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0467.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2000. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: mild irritation of the eyes. Long-term exposure effects: animal tests show that the substance may cause toxic effects upon human reproduction. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: diphenylguanidine; DPG; N,N'-diphenylguanidine; sym-diphenylguanidine. (102377)

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CIS 03-1078 Dipropyl ether. (French: Ether dipropylique) Internet documents, 2002, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0468.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0468.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 2002. Exposure routes: inhalation. Short-term exposure effects: irritation of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; exposure at high levels may cause lowering of consciousness. Long-term exposure effects: defatting of the skin. Threshold limit value not established. Synonym: 1,1'-oxybispropane. (102378)

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CIS 03-1079 EPTC. (French: EPTC) Internet documents, 1996, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0469.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0469.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1996 (Spanish version already abstracted under CIS 96-2004). Exposure routes: inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. Short-term exposure effects: effects on the central nervous system exposure. Threshold limit value not established. Synonyms: S-ethyl dipropyldithiocarbamate; carbamothioic acid, dipropyl, S-ethyl ester; S-ethyl dipropylthiocarbamothioate; S-ethyl N,N'-dipropylthiocarbamate. (102379)

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CIS 03-1080 Carbon black. (French: Noir de carbone) Internet documents, 1995, 2p. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/products/icsc/dtasht/_
   …icsc04/icsc0471.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ipcsnfrn/nfrn0471.html

International Chemical Safety Card published in 1995. Exposure routes: inhalation and ingestion. Long-term exposure effects: lungs may be affected by repeated or prolonged exposure at very high concentrations. Some carbon blacks may contain compounds which are carcinogenic. Threshold limit value: 3.5mg/m3 (ACGIH 1994-1995). (102380)

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CIS 03-1081 Carboxylic acids. (French: Acides carboxyliques) Gehanno J.F., Paris C., Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 4th Quarter 2003, No.140, 7p. 70 ref. (In French)

Internet:

Carboxylic acids constitute a large family of substances having very wide areas of application. To varying degrees, they are irritants to the mucous membranes. Furthermore, certain specific acids have toxicological properties affecting the eye (formic acid), the olfactory epithelium (acrylic acid) or the kidneys (oxalic acid). After presenting some of the general aspects concerning carboxylic acids, this article goes on to describe the characteristics of the following substances in greater detail: formic acid; acetic acid; acrylic acid; stearic acid; oxalic acid; terephthalic acid. (102479)

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CIS 03-1082 Phosphorus and its compounds. (French: Phosphore et ses composés) Testud F., Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 4th Quarter 2003, No.140, 8p. 60 ref. (In French)

Internet:

Phosphorus is a highly reactive element. It is widespread in nature in the form of phosphate minerals. The toxicology of inorganic phosphorus compounds is dominated by phosphine, which is a gas used as a fumigant for disinsectization and which can cause pulmonary oedema and a state of severe shock in cases of acute poisoning. The toxicity of metallic phosphides is similar to that of phosphine. Phosphoric acid and phosphorus halides are powerful caustic agents, without systemic toxicity, that have been implicated in respiratory accidents which resulted in persistent and disabling bronchial hyperreactivity. For all practical purposes, phosphates can be considered non toxic. After presenting some general aspects on the biological role of phosphorus and phosphates, this article goes on to describe the characteristics of the following substances in greater detail: elemental phosphorus; phosphine; phosphides; phosphorus chlorides and oxichloride; phosphoric acid; phosphates; phosphorus sesquisulfide. (102480)

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CIS 03-1083 4-Chloroaniline. Boehncke A., Kielhorn J., Könnecker G., Pohlenz-Michel C., Mangelsdorf I., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 56p. Illus. 228 ref., ISBN 92-4-153048-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad48.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: data on occupational exposure to p-chloroaniline (PCA) are mostly from older reports of severe intoxication, with symptoms including increased methaemoglobin and sulfhaemoglobin levels, cyanosis, the development of anaemia and changes due to anoxia. PCA forms haemoglobin adducts; their determination can be used in the biomonitoring of workers exposed to PCA. PCA is carcinogenic in male rats and shows transforming activity in cell transforming assays. It is possibly genotoxic in vitro. (102271)

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CIS 03-1084 Thiourea. Ziegler-Skylakakis K., Kielhorn J., Könnecker G., Koppenhöfer J., Mangelsdorf I., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 37p. Illus. 174 ref., ISBN 92-4-153049-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad49.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: exposure to thiourea can induce contact and photocontact allergies in humans. Thyroid hyperplasia was observed in exposed workers. Animal studies indicate that the major adverse effect is the inhibition of the thyroid gland function, although effects on lungs, liver haemopoietic system and kidney have also been described. Thiourea has mitogenic properties. (102272)

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CIS 03-1085 1,1-Dichloroethene (Vinylidene chloride). Benson B., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 42p. Illus. 179 ref., ISBN 92-4-153051-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad51.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: there is no information on toxicity of 1,1-dichloroethene in humans. Data from animal studies indicate that target organs from inhalation or ingestion are the liver, the kidney and the Clara cells of the lungs. Most tests with mammalian cells show no evidence of genotoxicity. (102273)

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CIS 03-1086 Diethyl phthalate. Sekizawa J., Dobson S., Touch R.J., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 36p. Illus. 154 ref., ISBN 92-4-153052-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad52.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: a few cases of skin irritation and potential contact dermatitis to diethyl phthalate have been reported; dermal sensitization has been described but seems to be rare. Data from animal studies showed no carcinogenic effect after dermal exposure; no adverse immunological or neurological effects have been reported in general toxicity studies. (102274)

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CIS 03-1087 Hydrogen sulfide: Human health aspects. Chou C.H.S.J., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 35p. 153 ref., ISBN 92-4-153053-7 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad53.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: tolerable concentrations for hydrogen sulfide of 100µg/m3 and 20µg/m3 respectively are based on respiratory effects for short-term (exposure durations of 1-14 days) and medium-term (exposure up to 90 days) inhalation exposures. The odour threshold of hydrogen sulfide varies depending on individuals (mean 11µg/m3). At concentrations greater than 140µg/m3 olfactory paralysis occurs, making hydrogen sulfide very dangerous. Health effects in humans include death, and respiratory, ocular, neurological, cardiovascular, metabolic and reproductive effects (spontaneous abortion). (102275)

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CIS 03-1088 Ethylene oxide. Liteplo R.G., Meek M.E., Lewis M., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 57p. Illus. 255 ref., ISBN 92-4-153054-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad54.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: ethylene oxide is an ocular, respiratory and dermal irritant and a sensitizing agent; neurological effects (sensorimotor polyneuropathy) have been observed in workers exposed to relatively high concentrations. Based on animal studies, cancer is considered the critical end- point for effects of ethylene oxide on humans. There is some evidence of an association between exposure to ethylene oxide and haematological cancers, and of clastogenic changes induced in exposed workers. In experiment animals, ethylene oxide is foetotoxic and induces germ cell mutations and clastogenic changes. (102276)

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CIS 03-1089 Polychlorinated biphenyls: Human health aspects. Faroon O.M., Keith L.S., Smith-Simon C., De Rosa C.T., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 58p. 301 ref., ISBN 92-4-153055-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad55.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: studies on humans exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) show effects on sperm motility, foetal growth rate and development, and neurological functions of the offspring. Changes in the relative amounts of different circulating lymphocyte types were observed among children born to PBC-exposed mothers. Epidemiological studies suggest exposure-related increases in cancer of the digestive system, especially liver cancer, and malignant melanoma. Some studies indicate that PCBs are not genotoxic by direct mechanisms. (102277)

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CIS 03-1090 1,2,3-Trichloropropane. Kielhorn J., Könnecker G., Pohlenz-Michel C., Schmidt S., Mangelsdorf I., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 41p. Illus. 129 ref., ISBN 92-4-153056-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad56.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: there are no data on effects of 1,2,3-trichloropropane on humans; an irritant effect to eyes and throat was described after exposure to vapours at a concentration of 610mg/m3. Data from animal studies indicate that 1,2,3-trichloropropane is an irritant to skin and mucous membranes; toxic effects in the upper respiratory tract, lung and liver as well as changes in haematological parameters and impaired reproduction have been observed. 1,2,3-trichloropropane has a genotoxic potential in the presence of metabolic activation systems and is carcinogenic in rats and mice. (102278)

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CIS 03-1091 Elemental mercury and inorganic mercury compounds: Human health aspects. Fisher J.F., Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC), World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2003. iv, 61p. 298 ref., ISBN 92-4-153050-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/cicad/en/cicad50.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: mild subclinical signs of central nervous toxicity can be observed among workers exposed to elemental mercury at a concentration of 20µg/m3 or above for several years. Neurological and behavioural disorders have been observed following inhalation of elemental mercury vapour or dermal application of inorganic mercury-containing medicinal products. The primary effect of long-term oral exposure to low amounts of inorganic mercury compounds is renal damage; immunological effects have also been shown. Data from animal studies indicate that mercuric chloride has some carcinogenic activity in male rats; parenteral administration of inorganic mercury compounds is embryotoxic and teratogenic in rodents. Inorganic mercury compounds seem to interact with and damage DNA in vitro. (102279)

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[ Top of page ]

Training materials and practical information

CIS 03-1092 Work improvement in neighbourhood development (WIND): training programme on safety, health and working conditions in agriculture. Ton T.K., Kawakami T., Centre for Occupational Health and Environment, Department of Health, Cantho Province, Viet Nam, 2003. vi, 130p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:

The work improvement in neighbourhood development (WIND) training programme provides practical responses to the specific problems of agricultural safety and health. It applies a participatory and action-oriented training approach designed for rapid and sustainable improvements in the safety, health and working conditions of farmers. This programme has been implemented in Viet Nam with the assistance of the ILO and other organizations. This training manual presents a check-list for defining actions and priorities in various fields: materials storage and handling, workstation design and work tools, machine safety, work environment and control of hazardous agents, welfare facilities and work organization. 42 checkpoints related to these fields are described, mentioning the benefits for the farmer and possible improvements. Photographs showing examples of good organization are also included, together with the corresponding explanations. (102120)

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CIS 03-1093 Manual of procedures for the prevention of occupational hazards - Guide to its preparation. (Spanish: Manual de procedimientos de prevención de riesgos laborales - Guía de elaboración) Bestratén Belloví M., ed., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2003. 276p. Illus. 57 ref. Price: EUR 23.33., ISBN 84-7425-636-4 (In Spanish)

Internet:

This guide is a help to the preparation and implementation of an occupational safety and health management system within the enterprise. It presents in detail the various procedures and contains summary sheets and check lists for each. Contents: definition of an occupational safety and health policy; hazard evaluation; measures or activities aimed at mitigating or eliminating the risks; risk monitoring and control; management of the predictable changes within the enterprise (projects, changes in equipment or processes, acquisition of machinery, subcontracting, etc.); management of predicable events (emergency plans, first aid, analysis of accident causes); management of documentation and occupational safety and health records; safety audits; auto-evaluation questionnaires on occupational safety and health management. (102190)

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CIS 03-1094 2003 catalogue. (French: Catalogue 2003) PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2003. 60p. Illus. (In French)

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Catalogue of services offered by PREVENT for the year 2003, grouped under the following headings: subscription services; consultancy and project management services; information; documentation; training and advisory services; services; audiovisual publications; print publications (periodicals, special reports, practical guides to legislation, booklets, folders, support tools); posters and support materials for information campaigns. (102266)

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CIS 03-1095 Eleven basic safety and health rules - Creating a workplace where laws and principles are observed. (Korean: Anjun bogun 11 dae gibbon soochik (Bup kwa wonchik i jikeo ji neon sa upjang ul mandulki wihan)) Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2001. 104p. Illus. (In Korean)

Internet:

This manual presents eleven basic safety and health rules jointly developed by the Korean Ministry of Labour and the Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA) to ensure the safety and health of workers. These rules address the following issues: safety inspection prior to starting work; keeping sites clean during work; securing safety passageways at workplaces; supplying and wearing personal protective equipment; using insulating protective gear while handling live electric wires; placing of locking equipment and warning signs during maintenance work; installing warning signs for toxic or hazardous chemicals; safety railings and opening protection for work at height. (102442)

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CIS 03-1096 First steps - What you need to know about safety, health and well-being at work. (Dutch: Eerste stappen - Wat men moet weten over veiligheid, gezondheid en welzijn op het werk; French: Premiers pas - Ce qu'il faut savoir sur la sécurité, la santé et le bien-être au travail) Cornelis K, Van den Broek K., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2000. 25p. Illus. Price: EUR 3.00., ISBN 2-87112-075-7 (fr), ISBN 2-87112-076-5 (nl) (In Dutch, French)

Internet:


Booklet on general aspects of safety, health and well-being at work. Topics covered: enterprise safety and health policies; occupational hazards; machines and transport vehicles; electrical hazards; danger signal pictograms; dangerous substances; housekeeping; lifting of loads; fire prevention; first aid. (102485)

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CIS 03-1097 A handbook on occupational health. Sarkodie K.A., Otieku Boadu E., Clarke E.K., Ollennu Bridges A.A., Ghana Health Service, Ministry of Health, Occupational and Environmental Health Unit, Accra, Ghana, 2002. 145p. Illus. 41 ref., ISBN 9988-8197-3-0 (In English)

Internet:

This manual is aimed at employers of both large and small enterprises, and it addresses basic issues of occupational hygiene. Contents: principles and practice of occupational health; principles of prevention and control; occupational health problems in Ghana; role of health workers in occupational health services. (102149)

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CIS 03-1098 Understanding your health better. (Dutch: Verstandig omgaan met je gezondheid; French: Mieux connaître votre santé) Godfraind B., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2000. 21p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: EUR 3.00., ISBN 2-87112-077-3 (nl), ISBN 2-87112-078-1 (fr) (In Dutch, French)

Internet:


Booklet on health and well-being. Topics covered: healthy diet; physical exercise; smoking; alcohol consumption; narcotics and medicinal drugs; stress. (102487)

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CIS 03-1099 Personal protective equipment of forestry workers - Example of cost calculations - 2004 edition. (French: Equipements de protection individuelle du personnel forestier - Exemple de calcul des coûts - édition 2004; German: Persönliche Schutzausrüstung für das Forstpersonal - Kostenbeispiel - Ausgabe 2004; Italian: Dispositivi di protezione individuale per il personale forestale - Esempio di calcolo dei costi - Edizione 2004) Suva, Arbeitssicherheit, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 10th ed., 2004. 4p. (In French, German, Italian)

Internet:
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88076-d.pdf

http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88076-f.pdf

http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88076-i.pdf

Swiss law specifies that the employer has to provide personal protective equipment and ensure that it is in always in perfect condition. Aimed at employers in the forestry sector, this booklet lists the costs of new equipment for newly hired workers, as well as the annual replacement costs of the equipment based on its average lifetime. The following protective equipment is considered: helmets with built-in earmuffs, face shields and neck protection; ear muffs; jackets; trousers; gloves; boots; weatherproof coats. Update of CIS 02-598. (102477)

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CIS 03-1100 Forestry work - Basic responsibilities with respect to accident insurance and occupational safety: Information note aimed at owners of forests, forestry companies, forest wardens, farmers and the interested public. (French: Travaux forestiers - Obligations fondamentales en matière d'assurance accidents et de sécurité au travail: Un feuillet d'information pour les propriétaires de forêts, les entreprises forestières, les gardes-forestiers, les agriculteurs et le public intéressé; German: Waldarbeit - Die grundlegenden Pflichten bezüglich Unfallversicherung und Arbeitssicherheit: Ein Merkblatt für Waldeigentümer, Forstunternehmer, Förster, Landwirte und weitere Interessierte; Italian: I lavori forestali - Gli obblighi fondamentali relativi all'assicurazione infortuni e alla tutela della salute: Istruzioni per i proprietari di boschi, imprenditori forestali, forestali, agricoltori e per altre persone interessate) Suva, Arbeitssicherheit, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 2003. 6p. Illus. 21 ref (In French, German, Italian)

Internet:
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88202-d.pdf

http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88202-f.pdf

http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/88202-i.pdf

This information leaflet describes the responsibilities with respect to accident insurance for forestry companies and their workers. It also presents the levels of responsibility (employer, supervisor, worker) together with the measures to be taken to ensure occupational safety (technical and organizational measures, and measures that apply to workers). (102478)

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CIS 03-1101 Construction management programme - Interactive contractor training. Hernes T., Miles D., ed., ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1987. Three loose-leaf binders, approx. 200p each. Illus., ISBN 92-2-105994-4 (In English)

Internet:

This ILO training programme was designed to help managers of small and medium construction enterprises in developing countries to acquire the management expertise to run their businesses effectively. In consists of three modules, in three modules and includes several practical exercises. Contents of the first module "Estimating and tendering": importance of estimating; calculations for quantities, preliminaries, groundworks, concrete works, blockworks and other trades; pricing the quantities; pricing exercises. Contents of the second module" "Project planning": what is planning and why plan; preparing a bar chart; short-term programmes; materials schedules; recording progress; when the work does not go as planned; cash flow analysis; network analysis; putting the plan into action. Contents of the third module "Site productivity": what is productivity and why it should be improved; improving work methods; site layout; site activity level; methods of payment; supervision; work force and productivity. (102060)

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CIS 03-1102 Safety advice: Construction industry. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 70p. Illus., ISBN 92-2-614197-5 (In Arabic)

Internet:

This booklet presents the various accident risks in the construction and public works industries, as well as appropriate preventive measures. Summary: general advice; personal protective equipment; housekeeping on the construction site and at the work station; shoring; collective protection against falls from heights; ladders; scaffolding; machinery and tools; carrying of loads; gas and hazardous substances; electric installations; first aid and social security. This publication is a translation of a French publication originally written by a working group of the International Social Security Association under the title "Conseils de sécurité: bâtiment et travaux publics" (see CIS 84-242). (102336)

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CIS 03-1103 How to prevent accidents on small construction sites. (Swahili: Zuiaa ajali katika ujenzi) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 39p. Illus., ISBN 92-2-013646-5 (In English, Hindi, Swahili)

Internet:

This training booklet provides practical details for the prevention of accidents on small construction sites. Through illustrations, it highlights acts to be avoided and the correct procedure to be adopted in specific situations. Contents: work on ladders, trestle stages and scaffolds; excavation, propping and shoring; risk of slipping; protection against falls from heights; work on roofs; lifting of loads; personal protective equipment (helmets, respirators, safety spectacles, ear protection, gloves). This booklet is an illustrated summary of the ILO code of practice on safety and health in the construction industry (see CIS 92-894). (102413)

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CIS 03-1104 Safety and health in the office. (Dutch: Veilig en gezond op kantoor; French: Sécurité et santé au bureau) PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2002. 23p. Illus 8 ref. Price: EUR 3.00., ISBN 2-87112-089-7 (fr), ISBN 90-70902-84-2 (nl) (In Dutch, French)

Internet:


Booklet on occupational safety and health in office environments. Topics covered: work at screens; office furniture; housekeeping; lifting of loads and strain injuries; electrical hazards; heating; noise; tobacco smoke; stress; dangerous substances; fire hazards; environmental protection. (102484)

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CIS 03-1105 Accidents don't just happen! - Safety and health protection in offices. (French: L'accident n'arrive pas par hasard! - Sécurité et protection de la santé dans les bureaux) Knutti R., Bucheli A., Graf M., Grüninger A.W., Stracke R., Commission fédérale pour la coordination de la sécurité au travail, P.O. Box, 6002 Lucerne, Switzerland, 2002. 103p. Illus. Index. (In French)

Internet:

Accidents often occur in office environments, examples being tripping on open drawers, falls in stairways and falls from office chairs used as stepladders. This safety guide presents a general overview of the hazards that are present in offices and proposes advice on how they can be avoided. It also contains information on the rights and duties of employers and employees with respect to occupational safety and health. Contents: job content, work organization and behaviour; office workplaces and work environment; other workplaces and activities; buildings; infrastructure; example of an office safety check-list. Replaces the 1992 document (CIS 92-1838) on the same topic. (102299)

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CIS 03-1106 Safety and temporary work - Course on occupational safety and health for consultants and management. (French: Sécurité et intérim - Cours sur la sécurité et la santé au travail pour les consultants et les dirigeants) Prévention et Intérim, Service central de prévention pour le secteur du travail intérimaire asbl, 21/1 avenue de l'Héliport, 1000 Bruxelles, Belgium, [c2003]. 200p. Illus. (In French)

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Topics included in this training course on the safety and health of temporary workers: workers' well-being in Belgium; occupational safety and health in Luxembourg; occupational hazards; occupational accidents; occupational diseases and sickness absenteeism; safe work; work procedures and permits-to-work; emergency plans; dangerous substances; fire and explosions; confined spaces; tools, machinery and work equipment; manual handling; slips, falls and trips; work at height; welding; electricity; radiation; asbestos; noise and vibration; ergonomics; personal protective equipment. (102297)

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CIS 03-1107 Work improvement for safe home (WISH). International Labour Office, Asian-Pacific Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health, P.O. Box 2-349, Rajdamnern Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand 2003. x, 112p. Illus., ISBN 92-2-814276-6 (In Thai)

Internet:

It is estimated that there are close to a million home workers in Thailand, working in industries and sectors including garment manufacturing, shoemaking, handicrafts, jewellery polishing, and the manufacturing of fishing nets and agricultural seeds. The substances and equipment present in the homes for production purposes may pose numerous occupational safety and health hazards to the workers and their families. These hazards include manual handling of heavy materials and loads, strenuous work postures, long and irregular working hours, use of dangerous machines and exposure to heat, noise and chemicals. Based on experiences of home workers participating in occupational safety and health programmes, this manual provides home workers with practical measures for improving safety, health and working conditions. (102430)

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CIS 03-1108 Guide to using information sheets. (French: Guide d'utilisation d'une fiche signalétique) Gagné M., Filion A.M., Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST), 1199, rue de Bleury, C.P. 1200, Succursale Terminus, Montréal, (Québec) H3C 4E1, Canada, 2002. 86p. Illus., ISBN 2-550-38841-0 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.reptox.csst.qc.ca/Documents/SIMDUT/GuideFra/Htm/GuideFra.htm

The aim of this guide is to help understand and use the information contained in product information sheets (material safety data sheets) according to the information system on dangerous substances used at work (SIMDUT). The Canadian product information sheet is required to present nine categories of information: information on the product; information on the preparation of the product information sheet; dangerous incidents; physical properties; fire and explosion hazards; reactivity; toxicological properties; preventive measures; first aid. The guide provides an explanation of each of these aspects. (102471)

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CIS 03-1109 Reducing roofers' exposure to asphalt fumes. Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, Sep. 2003. 13p. Illus. 3 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-107/pdfs/2003-107.pdf

This guide is aimed at roofers or contractors who work with hot asphalt on roofs. It lists the steps for reducing exposure to asphalt fumes. Topics covered: health effects of asphalt fumes; steps to be taken by contractors before starting work; safe working practices; appropriate personal protective equipment; personal hygiene practices. (102103)

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CIS 03-1110 Keep the noise down - Advice for purchasers of workplace machinery. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Aug. 2001. 11p. 7 ref. (In English)

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This booklet is aimed at employers and persons involved in the buying or leasing of machinery for workplaces. It provides advice on how to reduce noise at the place of work by selecting machinery that is designed and tested to be less noisy. Contents: reasons for buying quieter machinery; legal duties concerning noise and machinery; information that suppliers need to provide or that can be requested from suppliers (noise emission data, installation arrangement, post-installation and maintenance arrangements); steps to implement a noise reduction policy. Replaces the 1997 edition (see CIS 98-907). (102298)

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CIS 03-1111 Noise. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 2002. 8p. Illus. 6 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/as8.pdf

This leaflet contains information on how to prevent the risk of hearing damage in agriculture. Topics covered: legal requirements; what employers, employees and self-employed have to do regarding noise exposure; harmful noise levels; preventive measures to be taken when working with certain equipment (tractors, chain saws, barn machinery) or animals; different types of ear protection. (102140)

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CIS 03-1112 Preventing slips, trips and falls at work. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 2001. 8p. Illus. 2 ref., ISBN 0-7176-1183-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg225.pdf

Slips and trips are the most common cause of injuries at work. This booklet gives advice to reduce slip and trip hazards through good safety and health arrangements. Topics covered: legal requirements; description of a good management system (planning, organization, control, monitoring and review); assessment of slip and trip risks; good working practices (cleaning and maintenance, lighting, maintaining floor surface in a good state, avoiding or signalling obstructions, appropriate footwear); actions to eliminate specific hazards. A minor update of the 1996 edition (see CIS 96-1278). (102139)

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CIS 03-1113 Understanding machinery and tools better. (Dutch: Verstandig omgaan met machines en arbeidsmiddelen; French: Mieux connaître les machines et les outils) Wlodarski O., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2001. 22p. Illus. 4 ref. Price: EUR 3.00., ISBN 2-87112-083-8 (fr), ISBN 90-70902-70-2 (nl) (In Dutch, French)

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Booklet on safe work in the presence of machines and tools. Topics covered: importance of taking safety during use into account at the design stage; proper use and maintenance; safety aspects of machines (instructions, safety devices, protective devices, emergency stop devices, pictograms, ergonomics, locking for safety, electrical hazards, noise); hazards related to specific types of machines (drills, metalworking lathes, milling machines, presses, paper guillotines and trimmers, conveyors); portable machines; hand tools. (102486)

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CIS 03-1114 Prevention of blood-borne infections during patient care. (French: Prévention des infections transmises par voie sanguine lors de soins aux patients; German: Verhütung blutübertragbarer Infektionen beim Umgang mit Patienten; Italian: Prevenzione delle infezioni trasmese par la via ematica nel contatto con i pazienti) Jost M., Francioli P., Iten A., Jost J., Colombo C., Cartier B., Rüegger M., Gutzwiller A., Suva, Abteilung Arbeitsmedizin, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 5th rev.ed., May 2003. 7p. 1 ref. (In French, German, Italian)

Internet:
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/02869-20-d.pdf

http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/02869-20-f.pdf

http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/02869-20-i.pdf

Aimed at health care workers in contact with patients, this booklet addresses the issue of infection hazards from HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C in the event of accidental exposure to blood or other biological fluids. Contents: infection hazards; purpose of prevention; main preventive measures (avoiding pricks and injuries, avoiding contact with blood and biological fluids, ensuring cleanliness and hygiene during work, hepatitis B vaccination); measures to be taken in the event of accidental exposure. Updated version of CIS 90-2070. (102217)

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CIS 03-1115 Prevention of blood-borne infections in medical laboratories. (French: Prévention des infections transmises par voie sanguine dans les laboratoires médicaux; German: Verhütung blutübertragbarer Infektionen in medizinischen Laboratorien; Italian: Prevenzione delle infezioni transmese par la via ematica nel laboatori di analisi cliniche) Jost M., Francioli P., Iten A., Jost J., Colombo C., Cartier B., Rüegger M., Gutzwiller A., Suva, Abteilung Arbeitsmedizin, Postfach, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 4th rev.ed., May 2003. 7p. 1 ref. (In French, German, Italian)

Internet:
http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/02869-19-d.pdf

http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/02869-19-f.pdf


http://wwwitsp1.suva.ch/sap/its/mimes/waswo/99/pdf/02869-19-i.pdf


Aimed at medical laboratory workers, this booklet addresses the issue of infection hazards from HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C in the event of accidental exposure to blood or other biological fluids. Contents: infection hazards; purpose of prevention; main preventive measures (avoiding pricks and injuries, avoiding contact with blood and biological fluids, ensuring cleanliness and hygiene during work, hepatitis B vaccination); measures to be taken in the event of accidental exposure. Updated version of CIS 90-2071. (102218)

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CIS 03-1116 Back pain prevention among workers - Back pain prevention through gymnastics. (Korean: Guloja yotong yebang (Yotong yebang chejo)) Mun J.H., Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, July 2002. 29p. Illus. (In Korean)

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This training manual aimed at workers presents simple stretching exercises for the prevention of back pain at worksites. For each exercise, it includes detailed explanations and drawings. The following exercises are proposed: strengthening of waist and abdominal muscles; relaxing of waist muscles; simultaneous strengthening of waist, abdomen, hip and leg muscles; exercises for persons with scoliosis; correct posture therapy; proper stretching exercises to ease back pain and types of stretching exercises which should be avoided. (102441)

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CIS 03-1117 Real solutions, real people - A managers' guide to tackling work-related stress. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. Folder contaning: Booklet (v, 65p., Illus.); Managers' guide (v, 42p. 21 ref.); Guide for employees (4p., 1 ref.; 25 solution cards; poster). Price: GBP 25.00., ISBN 0-7176-2767-5 (In English)

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This tutorial kit contains practical advice on finding ways to tackle the causes of stress at work. It builds on the familiar risk assessment approach. It includes case studies which deal with specific aspects of work-design of various occupations identified as organizational risk factors for work-related stress (demands, control, support, relationships, role and change). The kit comprises a folder containing a guidance booklet, a guide aimed at managers, a guide for employees, 25 cards containing possible solutions, ideas or case studies, and a poster where the steps of the action plan are summarized. (102109)

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CIS 03-1118 Managing emerging health-related problems at work - SOLVE: Stress, Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs, HIV/AIDS, Violence. (French: Gérer les problèmes émergents liés à la santé dans le monde du travail - SOLVE : Stress, violence, alcool et drogue, VIH/sida, tabagisme) Di Martino V., Gold D., Schaap A., ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. Loose-leaf folder. Approx.120p. Illus. Bibl.ref. + CD-ROM., ISBN 92-2-112797-4 (En), ISBN 92-2-212797-8 (fr) (In English, French)

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SOLVE is an interactive educational programme designed to assist in the development of policy and action to address psychosocial issues at the workplace. Stress, alcohol and drugs, violence (both physical and psychological), HIV/AIDS and tobacco all lead to health-related problems for the worker and lower productivity for the enterprise or organization. Taken together, they represent a major cause of accidents, fatal injuries, disease and absenteeism at work in both industrialized and developing countries. SOLVE focuses on prevention in translating concepts into policies and policies into action at the national and enterprise levels. This training package (folder and CD-ROM) provides the foundation for a five-day interactive training course with a goal to give participants the knowledge and skills to formulate a comprehensive policy and strategies to address these issues in the workplace. (See also CIS 01-746). (102110)

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CIS 03-1119 Key for preventing and combating violence, bullying and sexual harassment in the workplace. (Dutch: Wegwijs in ... de preventie en bescherming tegen geweld, pesten en ongewenst seksueel gedrag op het werk; French: Clés pour prévenir et lutter contre la violence et le harcèlement moral ou sexuel au travail) Federaal Ministerie van Tewerkstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussel, Belgium, Oct. 2002. 56p. Illus. (In Dutch, French)

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http://meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/frdd38.pdf

http://meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/nldd35.pdf

New regulations concerning the protection of workers against violence, bullying or sexual harassment came into force in Belgium on 1 July 2002. Aimed in particular at persons within the enterprise responsible for applying the regulations, the objective of this booklet is to help better understand the scope of the regulations. Contents: definitions and scope of the regulations; occupational safety and health policies; role of the occupational safety and health advisor; role of the trusted advisor; workers' protection; protection of employers and third parties; penalties; help to victims. (102261)

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[ Top of page ]

Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals


001 General safety, health and conditions of work

CIS 03-1120 Safety measurement: A "positive" approach towards best practice. Trethewy R., Cross J., Marosszeky M., Gavin I., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 2000, Vol.16, No.3, p.237-245. 7 ref. (In English)

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Until now, most OHS performance measurement systems have focused on the negative consequences of workplace accidents and diseases rather than on proactive prevention strategies. The most common measures for identifying these failures have been the use of "negative" measures such as lost-time injury frequency rates and workers' compensation statistics. Such indicators are now regarded as being unsuccessful in providing meaningful insight into safety performance. Indicators that measure "positive" changes in safety performance are also required to provide a means of continually assessing performance and providing motivation for improvement. Performance indicators must be capable of capturing and measuring changes on a relatively short time scale. This article reports on the development of a safety awareness and positive performance measurement tool, the "Site Safety Meter", which has been tested at 10 major construction sites in Sydney, Australia, and found useful in providing quick feedback. (102051)

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CIS 03-1121 Efficiency analysis of the management of the prevention of occupational risks within the framework of the general management of small and medium size enterprises in Spain: Recommendations for its improvement. (Spanish: Análisis de eficiencia de la gestión de la prevención de riesgos laborales en el contexto de la gestión general de las PYMES en España: Directrices para su mejora) Portillo García-Pintos J., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.24, p.27-38. Illus. 9 ref. (In Spanish)

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Practical and detailed recommendations for the integration of OSH management within the overall management of small and medium sized enterprises in Spain having modern management capacity. A total of 33 enterprises from 7 industrial sectors in the Spanish region of Galicia were analysed for the efficiency of their OSH management practices. Overall, the best results were obtained in enterprises that had instituted an OSH programme in a step-by-step fashion after having performed a thorough risk evaluation programme of the whole enterprise. The integration of OSH management within the general management of the enterprise was also a positive factor. (102230)

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CIS 03-1122 Main sources of occupational hygiene information. (Spanish: Principales fuentes de información en higiene industrial) Martí Veciana A., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Guardino Solá X., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.27, p.15-25. Illus. 2 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article reviews the main sources of information in Spain on the degree of hazard presented by chemicals and the analytical methods for their detection in ambient environments. Contents: establishing the CAS number of the substance; accessing information through the INSHT website; databases on CD-ROM; databases on the Internet; general and specific search engines for chemicals; main publications containing information on chemicals; research on standardized methods for measuring contaminants in ambient environments; main European and American organizations providing information on analytical methods. (102415)

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CIS 03-1123 Occupational accidents - National statistics. (French: Les accidents du travail - statistiques nationales) Brett Y.B., Face au risque, Jan. 2002, No.379, p.4-8. Illus. (In French)

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Contents of these two concise reviews on occupational accident statistics in France and in Europe: trends in occupational accident statistics in France from 1997 to 1999, including accidents involving absenteeism; breakdown of occupational accident cases in France in 1999 by causal factor and location of injury; the 10 most frequent causes of occupational accidents involving absenteeism in France in 1999; breakdown of occupational accident cases in Europe in 1999 by age and gender, including for the portion of fatal accidents; location of injury of occupational accidents in Europe; trends from 1993 to 1998 in the incidence rate of accidents in Europe involving more than three days of absenteeism, by main sector of activity. (102219)

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CIS 03-1124 Achieving health, safety, and performance improvements through enhanced cost visibility and workplace partnerships. Grant K.A., Garland J.G., Joachim T.C., Wallen A., Vital T., AIHA Journal, Sep.-Oct. 2003, Vol.64, No.5, p.660-667. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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Reduction in the environment, safety and occupational health (ESOH) component of operational costs requires not only a better understanding of ESOH costs and requirements, but also the formation of effective partnerships between ESOH professionals, finance personnel and shop workers to identify viable improvements to current practices. This article presents two case studies of efforts to enhance productivity and lower ESOH-related costs in corrosion control facilities at two air force bases in the United States. At each site, activity-based cost models were created to increase the visibility of ESOH-related costs and target improvement opportunities. Analysis of the aircraft strip-and-paint processes revealed that a large proportion of operating costs were tied to ESOH requirements and practices. In each case ESOH professionals teamed with shop personnel to identify potential improvements in personal protective equipment use, waste disposal, tool selection, and work methods. This approach yielded alternatives projected to reduce total shop costs by 5-7%. (102055)

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CIS 03-1125 27th International Congress on Occupational Health: "The Challenge of Equity in Health and Safety at Work". (French: 27e congrès international de la santé au travail: "L'enjeu de l'équité en santé et en sécurité au travail") Meyer J.P., Moulin J.J., Leprince A., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.95, p.351-360. (In French)

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Summary of papers presented at a conference on equity with respect to occupational safety and health, which was held in Iguaçu, Brazil, 23-28 February 2003. The papers are grouped under the following headings: inequality factors in occupational health; political and ethical approaches to the work-health relationship; health services for workers; improvements in working conditions; approaches oriented towards field work; proposals concerning priorities; biological monitoring; risks to reproductive health; musculoskeletal diseases; organic dusts; health care personnel; office workers. (102284)

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CIS 03-1126 International forum of the ISST on "international occupational safety and health conventions". (French: Forum international de l'ISST sur "les conventions internationales dans le domaine de la santé et de la sécurité au travail") Nahmias M., Roireau J., Walters D., El Kroni M., Van Hamme L., Ntoumoume T., SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Sep. 2000, No.15, p.2-30. Illus. 5 réf. (In French)

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Papers presented at the forum on international occupational safety and health conventions held in Tunis, Tunisia, on 16-18 May 2000. Topics addressed: Conventions 155 (see CIS 82-890) and 161 (see CIS 86-859) of the International Labour Organization (ILO); safety and health in the context of labour legislation; occupational safety and health legislation in the European Union and the Framework Directive 89/391/EC (see CIS 89-1401); Moroccan experiences with respect to occupational safety and health; dynamic system of safety and health management for ensuring the well-being at work; problems in implementing ILO Convention 161 in Gabon, and recommendations for their resolution. (102293)

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CIS 03-1127 Management of occupational safety and health in the State of Kerala. INDOSHNEWS, Jan.-Mar. 2002, Vol.7, No.1, p.1-6. (In English)

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This article describes a pilot project undertaken in the manufacturing sector of the State of Kerala, India, with the objective of compiling information on occupational safety and health (OSH), evaluating the extent of compliance with the main provisions of labour legislation and reviewing the system of recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases in accordance with ILO codes of practice. Several recommendations are made for strengthening OSH management in the State. (102389)

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CIS 03-1128 Forms of direct employee participation in managing a company. (Polish: Formy bezpośredniej partycypacji pracowników w zarządzaniu firmą) Warszewska M., Widerszal-Bazyl M., Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Apr. 2003, No.4 (381), p.13-16. Illus. 8 ref. (In Polish)

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Direct participation is a specific mode of employee participation in the management of the enterprise, which helps improve employee motivation and commitment, and thus job security and business performance. This kind of participation is widely practiced in countries of the European Union, and is beginning to attract interest in Poland. The article provides an overview of the main forms of direct participation, namely consultation (individual or group) and delegation (individual and group), along with examples of application at the workplace. (102432)

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CIS 03-1129 Workplace health and safety representatives: The Queensland experience. Vanderkruk R., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2003, Vol.19, No.5, p.427-435. 34 ref. (In English)

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In the Australian State of Queensland, as in all other Australian regions, there is a legislative provision for workplace health and safety representative (WHSR) appointments. This requirement was first introduced under the Workplace Health and Safety Act 1989 (see CIS 90-1402). However, unlike in most other Australian states, there is no mandatory requirement for elected WHSRs to complete accredited occupational health and safety (OHS) training, no compulsion for participation in OHS committees, and they have few powers. It is still possible, however, that the appointment of a WHSR will enhance OHS performance within a workplace. This article summarizes an evaluation of the effectiveness of WHSRs in Queensland. A brief review is provided of the training requirements in different Australian states and the factors that may assist WHSRs to be more effective. Finally, examples drawn from qualitative data are used to demonstrate how some WHSRs have achieved positive changes. (102451)

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CIS 03-1130 Enhanced safety, health and environmental outcomes through improved design. Trethewy R., Atkinson M., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2003, Vol.19, No.5, p.465-475. Illus. 16 ref. (In English)

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Enhanced safety, health and environmental (SHE) outcomes through better design involve eliminating or minimizing risks in the preliminary planning stages. Better design provides a foundation for improved SHE outcomes in the development, use and maintenance of plants, equipment or premises. The many stakeholders who contribute to the design process must critically review its SHE implications in order to improve the design outcomes. The client or user must be actively involved in the review to ensure that operational requirements and maintenance issues are considered by other design stakeholders. SHE implications inherent in the design of a building project may be present during its construction, use, maintenance and demolition, that is, during its complete life cycle. (102455)

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CIS 03-1131 Validating self-reported measures of productivity at work: A case for their credibility in a heavy manufacturing setting. Allen H.M., Bunn W.B., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2003, Vol.45, No.9, p.926-940. Illus. 22 ref. (In English)

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The validity of employee productivity surveys is an important issue for employers. However, the scepticism of business decision-makers who are unfamiliar with survey techniques needs to be addressed. This article examines the widespreadly-held view that administrative measures of adverse events have become more important as indicators of productivity loss. Analyses of adverse event measures and productivity self-reports by employees of a truck manufacturing company were conducted in order to test two types of criterion validity: firstly, concurrent validity ("do adverse events associate with self-reports according to logic and common sense?") and secondly, predictive validity ("do self-reports distinguish the risk of subsequent adverse events?"). Self-reports were found to perform well in both sets of tests. (102457)

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CIS 03-1132 A healthy and safe workplace. Rantanen J., Wongba N., Pravuntao V., Zhong M., Liu T., Wei X., Sen R.N., Kaistha S., Kauppinen K., Hryhorczuk D., Nickels L., Forst L., Zanoni J., Uchida K., Takahashi K., Itani T., Asian-Pacific Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Nov. 2003, Vol.10, No.3, p.67-83 (whole issue). Illus. 40 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.occuphealth.fi/NR/rdonlyres/153DA58E-7592-401B-A82D-F22CACBEB8AE/0/asian.pdf

Collection of articles on occupational safety and health of relevance to countries in the Asian-Pacific region. Contents: a healthy and safe workplace; the occupational safety and health profile of northern Thailand; strategy for the development of work safety science and technology in China; low-cost ways of improving working conditions in organized and unorganized sectors in Asia; announcement of a forthcoming international congress on women, work and health to be held in New Delhi, India, on 27-30 November 2005; online training resources in occupational safety and health; report of a field trip to Finland by Japanese occupational safety and health professionals; announcement of a training course on occupational health nursing to be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, 8-12 May 2004. (102460)

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CIS 03-1133 Selection of personal protective equipment. (Polish: Dobór środków ochrony indywidualnej) Pościk A., ed., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 320p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 83-88703-01-3 (In Polish)

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This publication discusses various occupational hazards (such as chemical hazards, dust hazards, biological hazards, vibration, noise, etc.). It proposes approaches for selecting personal protective equipment (PPE) in Poland and describes the types and areas of application of each specific type of PPE. (102439)

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CIS 03-1134 CHSCT guide - Making better use of joint health, safety and working conditions committees. (French: Guide du CHSCT - Pour un meilleur usage des comités d'hygiène, de sécurité et des conditions de travail) Brégier G., Les éditions d'ergonomie, B.P. 138, 13267 Marseille Cedex 08, France, 2003. 274p. Illus. 27 ref. Price: EUR 40.00., ISBN 2-908191-29-6 (In French)

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This guide on committees for hygiene, safety and working conditions (Comités d'hygiène, de sécurité et des conditions de travail - CHSCT) consists of a comprehensive study of the objectives, implementation and mode of operation of workers' representative bodies in the workplace in France. Contents: importance of prevention; analysis of work activities; CHSCT implementation; CHSCT activities; tools for effective action (information, legal texts, onsite interventions, occupational physicians, documents, experts, outside help). (102489)

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CIS 03-1135 Present status of Japanese industrial safety and health - 2002 Edition. Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, 5-35-1 Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0014, Japan, 2002. 38p. Illus. (In English)

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This report presents Japanese statistics of occupational accidents and illnesses for the year 2002, as well as statistical trends for the years 1973 to 2001. Overall, there is a trend toward a reduction in the frequency and severity of accidents and occupational diseases. The data are analysed by sector, activity, accident causes, type of illness and age of victims of fatal and non-fatal accidents. Statistics concerning special medical examinations carried out are also included. (102136)

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CIS 03-1136 Indicators of injuries compensated in the field of occupational safety and health in Quebec: Analysis by occupation in 1995-1997. (French: Les indicateurs de lésions indemnisées en santé et en sécurité du travail au Québec: analyse par profession en 1995-1997) Duguay P., Hébert F., Massicotte P., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. xii, 215p. Illus. 34 ref. Price: CAD 16.00., ISBN 2-551-21801-2 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-332.pdf

This study on compensated occupational injuries is based on statistics regarding the compensation of occupational accidents and diseases as well as on Canadian population census data. It concerns the 1995-1997 period in the Province of Quebec. Main findings: the number of cases of occupational injury having resulted in compensation decreased from approximately 220,000 per year in the late 1980s to less than 120,000 per year in the late 1990s; more than three injuries out of four concern manual workers, who represent only one job in three; 26 occupations representing in total 3% of employment have injury rates that are more than three times the average rate of all occupations; occupational diseases represent approximately 5% of the cases having received compensation. (102192)

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CIS 03-1137 Indicators of injuries compensated in the field of occupational safety and health in Quebec: Analysis by sector of activity in 1995-1997. (French: Les indicateurs de lésions indemnisées en santé et en sécurité du travail au Québec: analyse par secteur d'activité économique en 1995-1997) Hébert F., Duguay P., Massicotte P., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. x, 219p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: CAD 16.00., ISBN 2-551-21802-0 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-333.pdf

This study on compensated occupational injuries is based on statistics regarding the compensation of occupational accidents and diseases as well as on Canadian population census data. It concerns the 1995-1997 period in the Province of Quebec. Main findings: more than three quarters of the injuries concern men; women appear to be more affected by musculoskeletal problems while men are more often victims of injuries resulting from occupational accidents; sectors of activity with the highest absenteeism include temporary workers, carpentry work, forestry work, engineering work and hardware retail outlets. (102193)

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CIS 03-1138 Statistics - Occupational accidents and diseases 2000. (French: Statistiques - Accidents du travail et maladies professionnelles 2000) PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2002. 32p. Illus. 25 ref., ISBN 2-87112-090-0 (In French)

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Occupational safety and health statistics for Belgium for the year 2000. Statistics on occupational accidents are broken down by cause, severity, age and sex of the victims, types of accident, sector of activity, size of enterprise, month of the year, day of the week and cost. Following a brief introduction on occupational diseases and the compensation system in force in Belgium, data on occupational diseases are expressed by sector of activity, occupation, diagnosis and causal agent. Finally, historical trends in the notification and compensation of occupational diseases from 1987 to 2000 are summarized. (102267)

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CIS 03-1139 Occupational health statistics bulletin 2002/03. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. 15p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/overall/ohsb0203.pdf

This publication provides an overall picture regarding work-related illness and the demographic characteristics of those affected, with comparative figures for different occupations, industrial sectors and areas, as well as the latest position for specific types of occupational ill health. General data are presented by demographic characteristics, occupational groups, industry sectors and regions. Specific data are provided on the following occupational diseases: mesothelioma deaths among men; musculoskeletal disorders and stress; asbestos-related diseases and cancers; respiratory diseases; skin and infectious diseases; other occupational diseases and exposures. (102337)

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CIS 03-1140 An introduction to the Factories Ordinance. Karunaratne V.M., In: Understanding Labour Law, Ministry of Employment and Labour, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 2nd ed., 2002, p.131-153. (In English)

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This Chapter outlines the history of the Factories Ordinance, 1942 (see CIS 88-1416), originally adopted by the Ceylon colonial government, and subsequently modified by eight amendments during the period 1946-2000. Contents of the Chapter: application of the Ordinance; objectives; administration; compliance; responsibilities of workers in safety matters; registration and approval of factory building plans; safeguarding of machinery; testing of dangerous equipment; vessels containing dangerous substances; safety measures in case of fire; safe place of employment and safe means of access; work in confined spaces; precautions in the presence of irritant gases and vapours, dust and fumes; eye protection; protection against vibration, radiation and noise; electrical safety; occupational hygiene provisions (cleanliness, overcrowding, temperature, ventilation, lighting, lifting of weights); welfare facilities; notification of accidents, dangerous occurrences and industrial diseases. In annex: outline of the structure of the factory inspection service in Sri Lanka. (102097)

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CIS 03-1141 Annual report 02. PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2002. 23p. Illus. (In English)

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Annual report of the Belgian Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (Prevent) for the year 2002. Contents: objectives; participation in national and European networks; studies and projects (occupational safety and health in small and medium enterprises, mapping out European occupational safety and health research, identification of good practices, integrating safety and health into general education, working with laptop computers, harassment and violence at the workplace); publications and supply of information; training sessions and workshops; organization; financial highlights. (102146)

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CIS 03-1142 Health and safety activity bulletin 2003 - Inspection and enforcement in local authority enforced sectors. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Information Services, Caerphilly Business Park, Caerphilly CF83 3GG, United Kingdom, July 2003. 12p. lllus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/statistics/industry/iebltn03.pdf

This bulletin presents estimates of local authority work in safety and health inspection and enforcement in the local authority enforced sectors for 2001/02 and the five previous years in England, Wales and Scotland. Statistics show the trends in enforcement activities by industry sector (retail, wholesale, offices, catering services, residential accommodation and consumer/leisure services), in local authority staff resources, in visits, in notices issued and in convictions by act of regulation. (102155)

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CIS 03-1143 Safe and healthy workplace - Occupational Safety and Health Division annual report 2002. Ministry of Manpower, Occupational Safety and Health Division, 18 Havelock Road, Singapore 059764, Republic of Singapore, 2002. 89p. Illus. (In English)

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This report describes the organization of the Singapore Occupational Safety and Health Division and presents an overview of industrial safety for 2002. Activities of the Department include enforcement and regulatory activities, review of legislation, monitoring programmes, OSH training and promotion programmes, attribution of awards and certificates to companies for their efforts in OSH, participation in three advisory committees and special projects and studies. Appendices include statistics on industrial accidents for the 1993-2002 period by degree of incapacity, frequency rate, severity rate, type of accident and location of the injury, lists of staff, committee members and projects and studies, and a list of papers and talks presented by the staff. (102156)

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CIS 03-1144 Practical applicability of broad operational efficiency indicators. (German: Bilanzierung von Verfahren der Erweiterten Wirtschaftlichkeit für die betriebliche Praxis) Fröhner K.D., Boothby S., Schulze T., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 226p. Illus. 48 ref. Price: EUR 18.50., ISBN 3-89701-873-X (In German)

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Numerous specific instruments have been developed in recent years for the appraisal and calculation of enterprises' efforts towards establishing a strategy to ensure employees' health and safety at work or towards designing workplace layouts. This study analyses, classifies and compares the major improved operational efficiency methods published in Germany to determine their applicability in a business environment. In order to compare these methods, a method known as SADT technology was adapted and applied. The analysis shows that no single process can be employed to comprehensively explain and conduct efficiency reviews, but that the processes may be implemented within the contextual framework defined by each enterprise. The methodology of practically-relevant processes is demonstrated in more detail, using an example based on a simulated enterprise with a realistic degree of complexity. (102026)

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CIS 03-1145 2002 Series of the quarterly KOSHA safety and health newsletter. Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Kusan-dong, Pupyung-gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2003. 167p. Illus. (In English)

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This publication consists of a compilation of the quarterly newsletters published by the Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA) during the year 2002. Main topics covered: statistics of occupational accidents; industrial accident prevention policy; introduction of a workers' health monitoring system in 2003; pneumoconiosis prevention measures in the casting industry; presentation of an innovative plan for the prevention of industrial accidents; measures to reduce electrical accidents including electric shocks; enactment of a general regulation act on consumer safety; strengthening of various preventive measures (medical surveillance of DMF-caused toxic hepatitis, lowering of the benzene exposure limit, prevention of musculoskeletal diseases). (102115)

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CIS 03-1146 Evaluation of the implementation of the Use of Work Equipment Directive and the amending directive to the Use of Work Equipment Directive in the UK. Wright M., Marsden S., Hopkins C., Collier D., Turner D., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. xiv, 153p. Illus. 24 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2702-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr125.pdf

This report summarizes the evaluation of the implementation of the Amending Directive 95/63/EC (see CIS 96-395) to the Use of Work Equipment Directive 89/655/EEC (see CIS 90-357) (AUWED) in the United Kingdom, as enacted in the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER 98, see CIS 99-1429) and the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER, see CIS 99-1428). The evaluation describes how organizations responded to the regulations, the costs and benefits, compliance problems and difficulties, and areas of improvement in the regulations and approved codes of practice. It concludes that there is a reasonable level of awareness and compliance with the regulations. (102124)

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CIS 03-1147 The provision of health and safety information in the annual reports, websites and other publicly available documents produced by the UK's top companies, and a sample of government departments, agencies, local authorities and NHS trusts. Peebles L., Kupper A., Robertson V., Heasman T., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 70p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-2710-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr134.pdf

This report presents the findings of a study on the current provision of safety and health information in annual reports, web sites and other publicly-available documents of 279 large enterprises and 42 government departments, agencies, local authorities and national health service institutions in the United Kingdom. Among enterprises, 78% made reference to safety and health. The most common information concerned safety and health policies, while 47% of the enterprises reported some data on safety and health performance. The findings for public bodies were similar, 75% making reference to policies and 43% reporting safety and health information. The overall results are considered encouraging. Recommendations for encouraging further safety and health reporting are proposed. (102126)

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CIS 03-1148 Health and safety responsibilities of company directors and management board members. Wright M., Marsden S., Holmes J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. xii, 106p. Illus. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2713-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrhtm/rr135.htm

The Health and Safety Commission have issued a guidance document entitled "Directors' responsibilities for health and safety" (see CIS 01-1674), which advises enterprises and organizations to assign this responsibility to a Board Director and outlines the responsibilities of such boards. This report summarizes the results of a 2001-2002 baseline survey and a 2003 follow-up survey of the extent to which there is board level direction of occupational safety and health in large private and public-sector organizations. Semi-structured discussions were held with seven organizations to enable defining the scope of a questionnaire, which was then applied to a telephone survey of 403 organizations, selected from large enterprises, public sector agencies and non-governmental organizations. The findings are encouraging and recommendations for further improvements are proposed. (102127)

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CIS 03-1149 Strategic research outlook - 2003. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2003. vi, 45p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/opps/sro2003.pdf

This document presents the research activities the HSE expects to carry out currently or in the near future. Research activities are divided into four blocks: priority programmes covering hazards or sectors where improvements are needed (falls from heights; workplace transport; musculoskeletal disorders; stress; agriculture; construction; health services; slips and trips), safety in the major hazard industries (non-nuclear major hazards; nuclear safety), securing compliance with the law and mandatory activities. (102133)

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CIS 03-1150 Delivering health and safety in Great Britain. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. xviii, 196p. Price: GBP 22.60., ISBN 0-10-292347-7 (In English)

Internet:

This report describes the role and activities of the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) and the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and their main achievements during 2002-2003. Contents: priority programmes (falls from heights, workplace transport, musculoskeletal disorders, work-related stress, construction industry, agriculture, health services, slips and trips); work in major hazard industries (railways, control of major accident regulations 1999 - COMAH (see CIS 00-24), offshore industry, gas conveyance and onshore major hazard pipelines, mining industry, nuclear industry); inspection and securing compliance; mandatory activities; organization of HSC and HSE; legislative projects; financial accounts; glossary. (102169)

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CIS 03-1151 Annual report 2002 [ISO]. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2003. 20p. Illus., ISBN 92-67-10375-X (En) (In English)

Internet:

Annual report of the organization for the year 2002. Main topics: collaboration with WTO; participation in international conferences; main technical committee activities during the year (fasteners, life vests, paints and varnishes, exchange of material between publishers and printers, quality management in the automotive industry, small businesses, technical drawings, security aboard ships, improving the management of business records); new needs of society (social responsibility, financial planning, certification of individual persons; drinking water); trends in the numbers of standards and draft standards published; ISO structure and principal officers; member bodies; financial highlights. (102204)

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CIS 03-1152 Performance 2002. Ministry of Employment and Labour, Library, Department of Labour, Colombo 05, Sri Lanka, 2002. 167p. Illus., ISBN 92-2-113039-8 (In English, Singalese, Tamil)

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Annual report of the Ministry of Employment and Labour for the year 2002. It includes a performance summary, followed by activity reports of individual divisions and institutions of the Ministry. Between January and September 2002, there were 302 applications made for the compensation of occupational accidents. Amounts of compensation paid to injured workers and to the dependants of deceased workers are given. (102208)

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CIS 03-1153 National occupational research agenda - Update 2003. Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, 2003. 37p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-148/pdfs/2003-148.pdf

In 1996, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and its public and private partners developed the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) to provide a framework to guide occupational safety and health research - for NIOSH and the entire occupational safety and health community. This publication reports on the status of the programme in the seventh year of its implementation under the following headings: history; investment; partnerships; workshops; research; future; milestones. (102210)

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CIS 03-1154 Occupational health and safety in the European Union. (Hungarian: A munkahelyi egészségvédelem és biztonság az Európai Unióban) Páva H., Gádor J., Magyar Köztársaság Külügyminisztériuma (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Bem rakpart 47, 1027 Budapest, Hungary, 2002. 24p. Illus. (In Hungarian)

Internet:
http://www.kum.hu/eu/magyar/Kiadvanyok/munka.pdf

Survey of the OSH framework within the European Union (EU). Contents: historical survey in light of the development of the European Union since the Treaty of Rome; regulatory overview; division of responsibility for OSH matters between the EU, the member states and organizations of employers and workers; list and summary of major European OSH directives; the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work; the Senior Labour Inspectors' Committee (SLIC); the European Registry of Occupational Diseases; recent trends in the EU; achievements in the area of harmonization of OSH; OSH legislation in Hungary and its relationship to EU directives; tasks ahead in Hungary. (102231)

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CIS 03-1155 Internet for occupational safety and health specialists. (French: Internet pour le spécialiste en prévention) De Broeck V., Franquinet A., Meeus C., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2002. 22p., ISBN 2-87112-087-0 (In French)

Internet:

Introductory booklet on the Internet and its use in the field of occupational safety and health. Contents: system requirements (hardware and software); access services from Internet service providers; communication possibilities offered by the Internet (e-mail, newsgroups, discussion forums); the Internet as an information tool; the World Wide Web (description, search tools, search engines); European occupational safety and health information networks; new services; evaluation of websites. (102268)

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CIS 03-1156 Participants in the mutual insurance of occupational accidents - 100 years of history (1900-2000). (Spanish: Protagonistas del mutualismo de accidentes de trabajo - 100 años de historia (1900-2000)) Valenzuela de Quinta E., Piñieiro Frías I., Ferrero García E., Mateo Atienza Á., La Asociación de Mutuas de Accidentes de Trabajo y Enfermedades Profesionales de la Seguridad Social (AMAT), Maudes 51-3°, 28003 Madrid, Spain, 2000. 287p. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Published for the occasion of the centenary of the creation of the Spanish Mutual Fund for Accident Insurance, this book retraces the historical development of occupational accident regulations and changes in the organization of the mutual fund between 1900 and 2000. (102320)

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CIS 03-1157 Study undertaken prior to the adoption of a uniform labour law in the framework of the organization for the harmonization of business law in Africa. (French: Etude préalable à l'adoption d'un acte uniforme en droit du travail dans le cadre de l'organisation pour l'harmonisation en Afrique du droit des affaires (OHADA)) Béraud J.M., International Labour Office, IFP/Dialogue, 4 route des Morillions, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, Oct. 2003. viii, 102p., ISBN 92-2-214826-6 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/ifpdial/downloads/papers/ohada.pdf

The scope of the treaty which gave birth to the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law (Organisation pour l'harmonisation en Afrique du droit des affaires - OHADA) in former French territories in West and Equatorial Africa, as well as in Guinea Bissau (formerly Portuguese) and Equatorial Guinea (formerly Spanish), covers labour law. This document consists of a comparative study of labour legislation in each of the sixteen signatories of the OHADA, together with proposals aimed at attaining common legislation. The study was conducted in 2001 by the ILO, at the request of the OHADA. It includes a section on occupational safety and health (OSH), comprising a table comparing OSH legislation among the signatory States. (102325)

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CIS 03-1158 National guide of occupational safety and health services providers. (Portuguese: Guia nacional das empresas de prestação de serviços em segurança e saúde no trabalho) Associação Brasileira de Empresas de Segurança e Saúde do Trabalho (ABRESST), São Paulo, Brazil, 2002. 26p (In Portuguese)

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This document consists of a directory of Brazilian enterprises supplying equipment or services aimed at improving occupational safety and health. Services providers are listed in alphabetical order and by State. It also contains a list of the associations of occupational safety specialists and a list of the Brazilian occupational safety and health organizations. (102412)

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CIS 03-1159 OECD Workshop on Integrated Management of Safety, Health, Environment and Quality (Seoul, 26-29 June 2001). Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, Aug. 2001. 297p. Illus. (In English, Korean)

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This document consists of a compilation of the papers presented at the OECD conference held in Seoul, Republic of Korea, 26-29 June 2001. The theme of the conference was "Construction of an integrated safety, health, environment, and quality system in workplaces". Presentations are grouped under the following headings: integration of safety, health and environment; advantages obtained from the integrated program; maintaining existing management systems under an integrated management system; methods of executing integration; relationship with the integrated systems implemented by governmental and non-governmental agencies; international cooperation. (102445)

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CIS 03-1160 Annual report 2002. (French: Rapport annuel d'activité 2002) Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CSST), 1199, rue de Bleury, C.P. 1200, Succursale Terminus, Montréal, Québec, H3C 4E1, Canada, 2003. 95p. Illus., ISBN 2-550-40798-9 (In French)

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Contents of this annual report of the CSST for 2002: mandate and organization of the Commission; activities of the supervisory board; highlights of publications and activities during the year; data on operations; statistics of inspections and of occupational diseases and accidents in the Province of Quebec, by sector of activity; financial statements. (102476)

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CIS 03-1161 Protective clothing. (French: Vêtements de protection) PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. 4p. Illus. 3 ref. (In French)

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Contents of this information leaflet on protective clothing: regulations governing the use of work clothing and protective clothing (categories of workers concerned, types of protection); selection of work clothing, protective clothing or high-visibility clothing; care and replacement; information and training of workers on the use of protective clothing; checklist for the selection of protective clothing suited to the type of work. (102394)

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CIS 03-1162 Environmental management - Examples of environmental performance evaluation (EPE). International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1999. vi, 93p. 10 ref. (In English)

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This technical report provides examples of environmental performance evaluation (EPE) that represent a range of applications from simple to elaborate, and a range of organizations (enterprises in the manufacturing and service sector; non-governmental organizations; government agencies; small, medium and large enterprises; organizations with and without certified environmental management systems) and geographical locations. (102003)

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CIS 03-1163 Managing health and safety in swimming pools. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 3rd ed., Aug. 2003. vi, 130p. Illus. 116 ref. Index. Price: GBP 10.95., ISBN 0-7176-2686-5 (In English)

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This guidance note is aimed at swimming pool owners, operators and managers, as well as at persons involved in the design and building of pools. It addresses the risks associated with swimming pool operation, as well as precautions to help achieve a safer environment for both the public who use swimming pools and employees who work at them. It applies to all types of pools used for swimming or leisure, except for pools designed for medical or therapeutic purposes, paddling pools and private swimming pools on domestic premises. Contents: general management of health and safety; practical aspects of health and safety management; design of swimming pool layout and physical environment; requirements with respect to supervision and lifeguards; general maintenance; pool water treatment system. Specific aspects relating to the above issues are addressed in 10 appendices. Replaces CIS 03-710. (102166)

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CIS 03-1164 Hazard identification methods. Crawley F., Tyler B., European Process Safety Centre (EPSC), IchemE, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 2003. ix, 98p. Illus. 23 ref. Price: GBP 45.00., ISBN 0-85295-457-3 (In English)

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Hazard identification is fundamental to the safe design and operation of any system, be it a process plant or any other facility. Aimed to assist safety specialists and managers, this guide presents the most commonly used techniques, and then directs the reader to publications where further guidance may be found. The selection is based on an analysis of the more common techniques used by European Process Safety Centre members, namely fault tree analysis, event tree analysis, and failure modes and effects analysis. (102111)

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CIS 03-1165 Accident book. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. 12p. Illus. Price: GBP 4.75., ISBN 0-7176-2603-2 (In English)

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Employers must keep records of accidents and have to provide an accident book in which employees or people acting on their behalf can enter details of the accident leading to injury. Besides accident record sheets, useful information is provided for employers and employees on what they have to do in the case of accidents or injuries at work, on how to use the forms and on the benefits of keeping accident records. A summary of the law on RIDDOR (see CIS 96-146) is also provided. (102135)

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CIS 03-1166 What to do in case of an accident?. (French: Que faire en cas d'accident?) PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. 4p. Illus. 6 ref. (In French)

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This information leaflet describes the way to react in the event of accidents. Contents: legal aspects (definition of occupational accidents, reporting, major accidents, first aid); reporting of occupational accidents (simplified reporting form, reporting to labour inspection, medical certificate); accident analysis (legal requirements, accident investigation, report, analysis of accident causes, implementation of preventive measures); training workers in the analysis of accidents (distinguishing between hazard and risk, importance of preventive measures, usefulness of analyzing incidents). Causes of accidents can be classified into three categories: work environment; human failure; dangerous situations and behaviour. (102391)

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CIS 03-1167 Work equipment. (Dutch: Arbeidsmiddelen; French: Equipements de travail) De Lange H., Van der Steen M., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1995. 24p. 12 ref., ISBN 2-87112-032-3 (fr), ISBN 90-70902-30-3 (nl) (In Dutch, French)

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Guidance document to Belgian and European Union legislation concerning the safe use of work equipment. (102076)

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CIS 03-1168 Risk analysis. (Dutch: De risicoanalyse; French: L'analyse des risques) Ponnet L., Van de Laer M., Lamotte J.M., Van Emelen J., Georges A., Federaal Ministerie van Tewerkstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussel, Belgium, Oct. 2002. 60p. Illus. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:
http://www.meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/frdd41.pdf

http://www.meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/nldd41.pdf

This booklet addresses the issue of risk assessment and its use in identifying prevention measures. It consists of a guide enabling responsible persons to compile the risk profile of the enterprise. Contents: introduction to the dynamic system of risk assessment; analytical methods; classification and ranking methods; risk assessment; evaluation of the dynamic system of risk assessment; roles and responsibilities of persons involved in the dynamic system of risk assessment; general conclusions; practical case study: fire hazards in SMEs. (102263)

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CIS 03-1169 Advice aimed at facilitating the integration of occupational safety and health in the general management system of the enterprise. (Spanish: Orientaciones para facilitar la integración de los riesgos laborales en el sistema general de gestión de la empresa) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 18p. Price: EUR 3.44., ISBN 84-7425-662-3 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/c_integracion.htm

This document was prepared following a social dialogue on the prevention of occupational hazards initiated in Spain during 2002, which highlighted the need to improve the taking into account of hazard prevention in the management systems of enterprises. It is aimed at helping enterprise managers and all persons concerned in developing awareness of the crucial nature of integration in determining the efficiency of preventive actions and in identifying the elements or the areas where such integration should be considered as a priority within the enterprise. Contents: objectives; current model of hazard prevention; integration of prevention and role of occupational safety and health services; various elements to be considered for the integration of preventive measures (enterprise management, change management, maintenance, overhauls and checks of potentially-dangerous installations and equipment, implementation and supervision of potentially-dangerous tasks); final considerations. (102465)

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CIS 03-1170 Corporate social responsibility (I): General aspects. (Spanish: Responsabilidad social de las empresas (I): conceptos generales) Bestratén Belloví M., Pujol Senovilla L., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 8p. Illus. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_643.htm

This information note explains how the concept of enterprise social responsibility evolved and what it comprises, and focuses on the importance of the prevention of hazards and of acceptable conditions of work within this context. A classification of the various types of social responsibility as well as the design of an action plan are presented in the note NTP 644 (see CIS 03-1171). (102468)

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CIS 03-1171 Corporate social responsibility (II): Classification of responsibilities and action plan. (Spanish: Responsabilidad social de las empresas (II): tipos de responsabilidades y plan de actuación) Bestratén Belloví M., Pujol Senovilla L., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 8p. Illus. 12 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_644.htm

This information note defines the criteria that enable the identification and classification of the various types of social responsibility by importance (primary, secondary and tertiary responsibilities) in order to implement an action plan that is acceptable to both the enterprise and to its various stakeholders. The broad lines of the concept of social responsibility are presented in the note NTP 643 (see CIS 03-1170). (102469)

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CIS 03-1172 Annual report 2002. Ministry of Manpower, Occupational Health Department, 18 Havelock Road, Singapore 059764, Republic of Singapore, 2002. CD-ROM, containing documents in HTML format. (In English)

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This report on CD-ROM provides a review of the activities of the Singapore Department of Occupational Health in 2002. Contents: trends in occupational health; trends in complying with exposure limits (noise, solvents, heavy metals); incidence of occupational diseases; setting standards; investigation and enforcement; promoting best practices; research and innovation; department staff; publications and conferences attended during 2002. (102145)

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[ Top of page ]

002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology

CIS 03-1173 High-resolution computed tomography classification of lung fibrosis for patients with asbestos-related disease. Huuskonen O., Kivisaari L., Zitting A., Taskinen K., Tossavainen A., Vehmas T., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 2001, Vol.27, No.2, p.106-112. Illus. 29 ref. (In English)

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This study tested a new high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scoring method for asbestos-induced parenchymal changes in the lung. HRCT scans of 602 asbestos-exposed workers and 49 referents were reviewed by three radiologists. The HRCT fibrosis score (from 0 to V) was compared with the radiographic classification of the ILO. All the specified computed tomography findings explained 86% of the variance in the HRCT fibrosis score. Age and occupational group were significant predictors of fibrosis. The sensitivity (70%) and specificity (91%) of the HRCT fibrosis score (classes I/II-V representing asbestosis) were better than those of the ILO classification. The examined HRCT scoring method proved to be a simple, reliable, and reproducible method for classifying lung fibrosis and diagnosing asbestosis also in large populations with occupational disease, and it would be possible to use it as a part of an international classification. (102407)

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CIS 03-1174 The importance of occupational skin diseases in the United States. Lushniak B.D., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 2003, Vol.76, No.5, p.325-330. Illus. 22 ref. (In English)

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Occupational skin diseases and disorders (OSDs) are the most commonly reported non-trauma-related (acute or cumulative) category of occupational illnesses in the United States. This factor, along with their potential chronicity, their effect on an individual's occupational and non-occupational activities, and the fact that they are preventable, point out the public health importance of OSDs. It can be difficult to obtain accurate epidemiological data for OSDs in the United States, and all sources have their limitations. OSD cases that result in days away from work are important categories to study, since days away from work may be used as an indicator of the severity of a case. Descriptive epidemiology may be used to provide further information on these "more severe" cases, to determine, for example, high-risk industries, occupations, and exposures, and then to use this information to focus prevention strategies. (102036)

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CIS 03-1175 Occupational skin-disease data in Europe. Diepgen T.L., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 2003, Vol.76, No.5, p.331-338. Illus. 51 ref. (In English)

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The existence of different occupational health systems and legislations in the countries of Europe makes it difficult to obtain a detailed picture of occupational skin diseases for the whole continent. Reporting bias and selection bias have a considerable impact on the perceived prevalence and incidence, while reliable data are hard to extract from official registries. In this article, data from one region in Germany are taken as an example. Comparison with data from other sources yields an estimate of 0.7 to 1.5 cases per 1,000 per year as a gross average, while the problem in specific occupational groups is more pronounced. However, reliable data on social and economic impact are very scarce. (102037)

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CIS 03-1176 Lost productive time and cost due to common pain conditions in the US workforce. Stewart W.F., Ricci J.A., Chee E., Morganstein D., Lipton R., Journal of the American Medical Association, Nov. 2003, Vol.290, No.18, p.2443-2454. Illus. 53 ref. (In English)

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To measure lost productive time due to pain, this cross-sectional study used telephone interview data of a random sample of 28,902 working adults. Loss of productive time due to arthritis, backache, headache and other musculoskeletal conditions were measured and expressed in hours per worker per week and in US dollars. Thirteen percent of the respondents declared having experienced a loss in productive time during the two weeks prior to the interview as a result of a pain condition. Headache was the most common condition (5.4%), followed by backache (3.2%), arthritis (2.0%), and other musculoskeletal pain (2.0%). An average of 4.6 hours of productive time were lost per week from a pain condition. Mean hours lost per week were 3.5 for headache, 5.2 for arthritis or backache and 5.5 for other pain conditions. Lost productive time from pain conditions among active workers costs an estimated USD 61.2 billion per year. The majority (76.6%) of the lost productive time was explained by reduced performance while at work and not by work absence. (102082)

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CIS 03-1177 Work-related eczema of the eyelids. (French: Eczéma des paupières d'origine professionnelle) Crépy M.N., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.95, p.365-371. Illus. 65 ref. (In French)

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Work-related eczema of the eyelids caused by occupational factors is rare. Occupational factors are less likely to be involved than topical cosmetic or ophthalmologic creams. However, an investigation into possible occupational causes is still necessary in order to orient prevention and therapy efforts. Contents of this article on eczema of the eyelid: modes of sensitization; aetiology and exposed occupations; frequency of eyelid contact eczema; diagnosis in occupational settings; confirmation of diagnosis in specialized institutions; prognosis; prevention; compensation. (102285)

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CIS 03-1178 Musculoskeletal diseases. (French: Les troubles musculo-squelettiques) Guérin S., Cahier Pratique Tissot - Guide de la santé, sécurité au travail, Editions Tissot, BP 109, 74941 Annecy-le-Vieux Cedex, France, Oct. 2003, No.15, p.1-32 (whole issue). (In French)

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While in France the number of cases of occupational diseases increased nearly six-fold in 20 years, that of recognized musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) increased 35-fold. MSDs represent 76% of all cases of recognized occupational diseases, with more than 18,000 cases recognized and compensated in 2001. Contents of this special issue on MSDs: definitions; causes of the disease; occupational diseases; prevention methods. Appendices on the carpal tunnel syndrome and the use of computers are included. (102287)

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CIS 03-1179 Epilepsy and work: What must be done?. (French: Epilepsie et travail: Que faire?) Miled S., Fehri S., Rammeh H., Nouaigui H., Ben Laïba M., SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Oct. 2003, No.27, p.2-7. Illus. (In French)

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Contents of this feature article on epilepsy: history; definition; epidemiology; clinical signs of seizures; aetiology; treatment; consequences of epilepsy at work; epilepsy and work aptitude; role of occupational physicians in the medical supervision of epilepsy. (102321)

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CIS 03-1180 Occupation and malignant haematological diseases. (French: Affections hématologiques malignes et activités professionnelles) Descatha A., Jenabian A., Conso F., Ameille J., Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.140, 12p. 148 ref. (In French)

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Malignant occupational haematological diseases are rare. Their aetiology remains ill-defined despite the increasing volume of epidemiological studies on the subject. Currently, only benzene and ionizing radiation are accepted with certainty as being carcinogenic agents for haematopoietic cell lines and organs. However, doubts exist with respect to certain types of pesticides, organic solvents, infectious agents or electromagnetic radiation. Contents: diagnosis of leukaemia, Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma; established occupational causes; probable or suspected occupational causes; prevention; compensation. (102326)

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CIS 03-1181 Optical neuropathies caused by nutritional deficiencies or by toxic or medicinal agents. (French: Neuropathies optiques carentielles, toxiques et médicamenteuses) Milea D., Vignal-Clermont C., Encyclopédie médico-chirurgicale, Toxicologie-Pathologie professionnelle, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.140, 7p. Illus. 20 ref. (In French)

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Early diagnoses of nutritional or toxic optical neuropathies are of utmost importance, because visual impairment is still reversible at the early stages once the causal agent is identified. This diagnosis needs to be made with care, after other possible causes of progressive bilateral optical neuropathies have been eliminated, in particular those due to compressive mechanisms. The current proliferation of available drugs for use in general medical treatment increases the number described as being toxic to the optic nerve. Contents: clinical symptoms; positive diagnosis; medical examinations; causes of nutritional or toxic optical neuropathies. (102327)

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CIS 03-1182 Epidemiologic estimate of the proportion of fatalities related to occupational factors in Finland. Nurminen M., Karjalainen A., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, June 2001, Vol.27, No.3, p.161-213. Illus. 340 ref. (In English)

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This study attempts to estimate the proportion of annual deaths related to occupational factors in Finland. Statistics on causes of death, numbers of subjects exposed, and risk ratios obtained from the epidemiological literature were used. Sex-, age- and disease-specific numbers of deaths were provided by Statistics Finland for 1996. The fraction of work-related mortality was estimated to be 7% (10% for men and 2% for women). For the main cause-of-death categories, the attributable fractions were 12% for circulatory system diseases, 8% for malignant neoplasms, 4% for respiratory system diseases, 4% for mental disorders, 3% for nervous system diseases, and 3% for accidents and violence. (102405)

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CIS 03-1183 The burden of allergies - and the capacity of medications to reduce this burden - in a heavy manufacturing setting. Bunn W.B., Pikelny D.B., Paralkar S., Slavin T., Borden S., Allen H.M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2003, Vol.45, No.9, p.941-955. Illus. 12 ref. (In English)

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This article presents the findings of a systematic study undertaken by a manufacturer to address the impact of allergies and use of allergy medications on health, safety and productivity. Data on 10,714 employees were obtained from employee surveys and administrative databases of the enterprise concerning absenteeism, workers compensation, short-term disability and group health measures. Results show that health and productivity decline, and absenteeism, workplace injuries and workers' compensation claims register consistent increases as allergy severity levels increase. This pattern is less pronounced for the short-term disability and group health measures. Among the 16 parameters registering a significant allergy burden, six posted significant advantages for the use of non-sedating antihistamines relative to other medication regimens that included sedative antihistamines. These results document the burden of allergies and the capacity of effective medication programmes to reduce this burden. (102458)

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CIS 03-1184 Medical and occupational consequences of low back disorders lasting more than 30 days during the preceding 12 months: Complementary analysis of the ACMS "low back pain" survey carried out between 1996 and 2000. (French: Conséquences médico-professionnelles des lombalgies de plus de 30 jours au cours des 12 derniers mois: analyse complémentaire des enquêtes ACMS "lombalgies" réalisées entre 1996 et 2000) Alcouffe J., Fau-Prudhomot P., Manillier P., Montéléon P.Y., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2003, Vol.43, No.4, p.423-434. 18 ref. (In French)

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This study uses the results of three earlier surveys on low back disorders in SMEs of the Ile-de-France region, and analyses cases of low back disorders having lasted more than 30 days during the preceding 12 months, described as "persistent low back pain". According to the three surveys, persistent low back pain accounted for approximately 30% of the overall low back disorders which concerned 55-68% of the workers. Persistent low back pain is associated with age, the number of children and the years of work on the job, and to a lesser degree, with not practicing a sport, being overweight, lifting of loads of more than 10kg and working in strenuous postures. Consequences include reduced levels of occupational and non-occupational activities, increased use of health services and short or long periods of absenteeism. In certain cases, workers developed coping strategies for continuing their level of activity despite the persistent low back pain. (102474)

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CIS 03-1185 Study of the prevalence of silicosis among workers at a granite quarry in Abidjan. (French: Etude de la prévalence de la silicose chez les travailleurs d'une carrière de granit à Abidjan) Wognin S.B., Infante-Rivard C., Yeboue-Kouame B.Y., N'Gbesso R., Ostiguy D., Bonny J.S., Tuo N., Kouassi Y.M., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Feb. 2002, Vol.63, No.1, p.25-31. 28 ref. (In French)

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In order to determine the prevalence of silicosis in the Ivory Coast and its possible repercussions on the respiratory functions, a cross-sectional study was carried out in one of the most important granite quarries of the country. The 126 current workers of the quarry were given a standardized questionnaire and subjected to chest X-ray examinations. Lung functions were tested in 29 non-smoker subjects without anterior thoracic disease. The analysis allowed to identify six cases of silicosis among the 126 workers, corresponding to a prevalence of 4.76%. The affected workers (average age 44) all worked in "crushing", where exposure levels are high. No differences were found in vital capacity between the workers and non-exposed controls selected among the general Ivory Coast population. The prevalence of silicosis appears much lower than that observed in most developing countries. However, the comparison should take into account parameters such as the dust content of free silica and methodologies applied in the definition of silicosis. (102211)

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CIS 03-1186 Tinnitus among air traffic controllers: A clinical occupational physiology study. (German: Tinnituserkrankungen bei Fluglotsen: Eine klinisch-arbeitspsychologische Studie) Vogt J., Kastner M., Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 2002, Vol.46, No.1, p.35-44. Illus. 38 ref. (In German)

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An increased incidence of tinnitus was observed during 1997 and 1998 among air traffic controllers in the region of Düsseldorf (Germany), for which it was not possible to determine the cause by physical or bacteriological examinations. Consequently, eight air traffic controllers with this disorder were subjected to further examinations. The frequency and intensity of the tinnitus were determined by audiometric testing. Arterial pressure was measured, and immunoglobulin A and electrolytes were determined in saliva samples. Interviews were conducted to collect data on possible primary disorders and job workload. The daily degree of discomfort resulting from the tinnitus was determined by means of a standardized questionnaire. The most important risk factor highlighted was the shift allocation system, according to which it was possible to be assigned to day and night shifts within a 24h span. The high workload during these shifts, both during the day and at night, certainly also contributed to the appearance of the disorder. A new system of shift allocation was introduced, together with self-management and stress programmes which, according to the air traffic controllers, have already provided relief from these disorders. (102305)

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CIS 03-1187 Study of respiratory morbidity among poultry farm workers. (French: Etude de la morbidité respiratoire chez les éleveurs de volailles) Rammeh H., Ajroudi F., Abdelwaheb R., Annabi F., Hammami H., Daly L., Nouaigui H., Ben Laïba M., Ben Khedher A., SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Oct. 2003, No.27, p.14-17. Illus. 7 ref. (In French)

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Poultry farm workers are at risk of respiratory allergies as a consequence of their exposure to droppings, feathers and fine epidermal desquamations. This cross- sectional study was carried out at three Tunisian poultry farming enterprises employing a total of 129 exposed workers. Concentrations of respirable dust and harmful chemicals were determined, and workers were subjected to medical examinations. Dust and chemicals were below permissible levels. Chronic cough and/or bronchorrhoea was present among 8.6% of the study population, and asthma among 4%. Taken together, respiratory diseases including cough, dyspnoea and rhinitis were found among 12.5% of the subjects. Finally, radiographic anomalies typical of allergic alveolitis were found in 5.4% of subjects. (102323)

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CIS 03-1188 Regulations and organization of first aid at the workplace. (Spanish: Regulación y organización de los primeros auxilios en los lugares de trabajo) Blasco Mayor A., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.25, p.25-40. Illus. 5 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article analyses first-aid regulations and its organization at the workplace, as well as the manner in which coordination with external services takes place. Contents: definition of first-aid services functions and consequences of non compliance; disorders which require first-aid treatment; required materials and premises; personnel in charge of first aid; required training for persons providing first aid; organization and planning of first aid, and coordination with external services; information of personnel; first aid for special tasks and activities; construction sites; ships; mining; use of dangerous chemicals; installations involving exposure to ionizing radiation; other tasks and activities. Appendices include the main legal texts containing provisions relative to first aid. (102319)

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CIS 03-1189 Screening tests at the workplace. (French: Les tests de dépistage en milieu de travail) Beaudry C., Travail et santé, June 2003, Vol.19, No.2, p.50-51. 10 ref. (In French)

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A vast majority of Canadian enterprises have internal policies or rules concerning alcohol or narcotics at the workplace. Some employers require new applicants to undergo pre-employment medical examinations during which screening can be applied. In Canada, the charter of rights and freedoms protect the workers against discriminatory practices. For applicants to jobs which are not critical from the standpoint of safety, imposing pre-employment screening tests may be considered discriminatory. The issue of the legality of pre-employment screening tests for alcohol and narcotics is discussed in light of several examples from jurisprudence. The legality of post-employment screening tests for alcohol and narcotics will be discussed in another article. (102420)

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CIS 03-1190 Chromosome aberrations in lymphocytes of persons exposed to an earthquake in Armenia. Nersesyan A.K., Boffetta P., Sarkisyan T.F, Zalinyan G.G., Arutyunyan R.M., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 2001, Vol.27, No.2, p.120-124. 22 ref. (In English)

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Chromosome aberrations were measured in blood samples taken from 41 victims of the earthquake that hit Armenia in 1988 and in samples of 47 reference blood donors. The victims suffered from severe psychoemotional stress but were otherwise healthy. All the samples were taken 2 to 3 weeks after the earthquake. All the subjects were lifetime nonsmokers. The subjects exposed to the earthquake had a higher proportion of cells with chromosome aberrations (3.1) than the referents (1.7). The difference persisted when the values were adjusted for age and sex (relative risk (RR) 1.9). The exposed subjects also had a lower percentage of cells with 46 chromosomes than the referents. This study suggests an increase in chromosome aberrations in the lymphocytes of victims of a severe earthquake. If not due to bias or confounding, the difference may reflect the effect of either environmental exposures related to the earthquake or severe psychogenic stress. The levels of chromosome aberrations found among the earthquake victims in this study are comparable with those found in prospective studies of long-term cancer risk. (102409)

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CIS 03-1191 Distinguishing disability and incapacity. (French: La distinction entre handicap et incapacité; German: Unterscheidung zwischen Behinderung und Arbeitsunfähigkeit; Spanish: Un distingo entre discapacidad y incapacidad) Spicker P., International Social Security Review - Revue internationale de sécurité sociale, Apr.-June 2003, Vol.56, No.2, p.31-43. Illus. 19 ref. (In English, French, German, Spanish)

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The distinction between disability and incapacity for work is discussed from both a theoretical and an operational perspective. Disability refers mainly to a functional limitation of everyday activity whereas incapacity for work concerns people who are unable to work because of a medical condition. Although the two terms overlap, they are conceptually different. People can be disabled without being unable to work, and unable to work without being disabled. It is important to clarify these distinctions for policy, as social security benefits for disability are liable to be given on different principles from benefits for incapacity. The implications for social security systems in development are considered. (102001)

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CIS 03-1192 Multidisciplinary interventions for low back pain: Evaluation of effectiveness. Karjalainen K., Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Publication Office, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2003. 98p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 951-802-548-7 (In English)

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The aim of this study was to review the effectiveness of multidisciplinary rehabilitation of low back pain and to develop a feasible intervention for patients with subacute low pain not requiring operative treatment as well as to assess its effectiveness, cost and modifying factors. 164 patients were randomly assigned into three groups: 56 underwent a mini-intervention (patient's history, examination by a physician and a physiotherapist, exercises and advice), 51 a mini intervention plus a worksite visit and 57 a conventional treatment. Pain, quality of life, satisfaction of care, sick leave, consumption of health services and costs were measured at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. The results show that the mini-intervention is cost-saving and effective for most patients with subacute low back pain. A worksite visit supplementing the intervention does not seem to produce any beneficial effects. (102107)

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CIS 03-1193 Questionnaire predictors of asthma and occupational asthma. Miller B.G., Graham M.K., Creely K.S., Cowie H.A., Soutar C.A., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2003. viii, 80p. Illus. 29 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-2759-4 (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr164.pdf

This study provides information towards the development of a questionnaire to identify work-related asthma. A previous postal survey of a community in central Scotland provided a complete data set for almost 12,000 subjects of working age, with responses to a range of questions on respiratory symptoms and their relationship to occupation. For those subjects who had recorded the occupation held when symptoms began, the existing data were augmented by an exposure assessment to characterize exposures typical of those occupations. Certain symptoms were associated, tending to occur together, and a number of syndromes were defined in terms of these. Some limited associations between these syndromes and occupational exposures were identified, particularly with irritant and highly reactive chemicals, and exposure to proteins and other organic substances. These data will be useful for the development of a new questionnaire. (102160)

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CIS 03-1194 Report on occupational diseases in Colombia 2001-2002: An opportunity for prevention. (Spanish: Informe de enfermedad profesional en Colombia 2001-2002: Una oportunidad para la prevención) Tafur Sacipa F.J, ed., Ministerio de la Protección Social, Carretera 13 No.32-76, Bogotá, Colombia, 2002. 79p. Illus. 10 ref., ISBN 958-97392-3-7 (In Spanish)

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http://www.minproteccionsocial.gov.co/MseContent/images/news/DocNewsNo492402.pdf

Survey of occupational diseases in Colombia, including the legal aspects of their compensation and prevention. Contents: theoretical framework (history, legal aspects, epidemiological and demographic treatment); methodology of the report; handling of occupational diseases within the contributive regime of the general social security system in Colombia; occupational diseases in the general system of occupational hazards; incidence of occupational diseases in professions subject to special compensation regimes (Ecopetrol [the national petroleum company], the Military and the teaching profession); estimates of the total costs to Colombian society due to occupational diseases; conclusions and recommendations. (102232)

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CIS 03-1195 Guide to evaluating work incapacity as a consequence of lung disease. (Spanish: Guía para la determinación de la incapacidad laboral en las enfermedades pulmonares) Ferreras de la Fuente A., Antolín García M.T., García Arroyo M.I., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2000. viii, 247p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 84-351-0328-5 (In Spanish)

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This guide to the evaluation of the degree of work incapacity as a consequence of the most common chronic lung diseases is aimed at occupational physicians. Contents: definitions of incapacity; anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system; diagnosis techniques; obstructive ventilatory impairment; interstitial lung diseases; obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome; respiratory diseases due to ventilation alterations (hypoventilation); bronchopulmonary tumours; occupational respiratory diseases (asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, silicosis, coal miners' pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, talcosis, siderosis, berylliosis); pulmonary hypertension, international disease classification codes (ICD-9-CM). Appendices include: tables summarizing the incapacity criteria for the most common lung diseases and the criteria for determining the degree of incapacity. (102241)

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CIS 03-1196 Guide to evaluating work incapacity as a consequence of cancer. (Spanish: Manual de valoración de la incapacidad laboral en las enfermedades oncológicas) Martínez Marco E.A., Ramos Muños R., Carrato Mena A., Gallego Plazas J., Salazar Agullo M., Aliaga Sánchez C., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2000. viii, 216p. 58 ref. Index., ISBN 84-351-0340-4 (In Spanish)

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Aimed at occupational physicians, this manual offers guidance on the evaluation of work incapacity as a consequence of cancer and its treatment. Contents: prospects in the field of medical oncology; toxicity of anticancer therapies; evaluation scales of cancer and/or patients in terminal phase; solid tumours in adults (head or neck carcinoma, lung cancer, mesothelioma, and oesophageal, pancreatic, breast, ovarian, cervical, endometrial, prostate, bladder, testicular, stomach and colorectal cancers, primary liver cancers, melanoma, tumours of the central nervous system); occupational cancers (mesothelioma, lung, bladder, skin and nasopharyngeal cancers, leukaemia caused by benzene exposure). Appendices include: list of carcinogens by hazard class, showing target organs and associated occupational activities for each substance; ICD-9-CM codes for malignant tumours. (102242)

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CIS 03-1197 Guide to the evaluation of work incapacity as a consequence of psychiatric diseases. (Spanish: Manuel de valoración de la incapacidad laboral en las enfermedades psiquiátricas) Ferreras de la Fuente A., Pérez Urdániz A., Molina Ramos R., Solana Sorribas J.A., Rubio García I., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2001. 251p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 84-351-0376-5 (In Spanish)

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Aimed at occupational physicians, this manual offers guidance to the evaluation of work incapacity as a consequence of psychiatric diseases. Contents: incapacity due to psychic disorders; definition and classification of mental diseases; anamnesis and psychiatric evaluation of the patient; organic psychiatric disorders and mentally-retarded patients; psychiatric disorders related to the consumption of alcohol or drugs; schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders; mood disorders; anxiety, somatotrophic and dissociative disorders; personality disorders; other psychiatric disorders; new occupational pathologies (burnout, bullying). Appendices include: scales for evaluating the degree of incapacitation according Royal Decree 1971/1999; DSM-IV scales for evaluating total activity and social and professional activity; DSM-IV classification with ICD-10 and ICD-9-CM codes; ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders. (102243)

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CIS 03-1198 Study of work incapacity as a consequence of cardiovascular diseases. (Spanish: Estudio de la incapacidad laboral por enfermedades cardiocirculatorias) Sosa Rodríguez V., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2nd ed., 1998. 214p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 84-351-0315-3 (In Spanish)

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This manual presents the current state of knowledge on cardiovascular diseases and the evaluation of work incapacity to which they give rise. It consists of three parts. The first part covers diagnostic medical examinations and exploratory techniques currently used in cardiology. The second part describes the main cardiovascular syndromes and diseases (valvulopathies, ischaemic cardiopathies, rhythm and conduction disorders, arterial hypertension, cardiac insufficiency, peripheral vascular diseases) as well as cardiac rehabilitation programmes, from the standpoint of work incapacity. The third part presents an ischaemic cardiopathy work incapacity evaluation system (risk assessment), together with six case studies. (102244)

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CIS 03-1199 Disability evaluation under US social security. (Spanish: Evaluación de la incapacidad en la seguridad social de USA) Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2000. 173p., ISBN 84-351-0329-3 (In Spanish)

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This document consists of the Spanish translation of the book entitled "Disability evaluation under social security". It provides physicians and other health professionals with an understanding of the disability programmes administered by the US Social Security Administration (SSA). It includes information to ensure sound and prompt decisions on disability claims. (102245)

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CIS 03-1200 Guide to the evaluation of permanent disability - Volume I. (Spanish: Guía de valoración del menoscabo permanente - Tomo I) Domínguez Carmona D.M., ed., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 3rd ed., 2002. 425p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 84-351-0277-7 (In Spanish)

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Following an introduction describing the benefits of the Spanish social security system and procedures for applying for compensation, this manual presents detailed guidelines for evaluating the degree of permanent disability resulting from traumatic accidents, disk hernias, rheumatological diseases, neurological diseases, endocrine disorders, diabetes mellitus and digestive tract diseases. For the various diseases, it describes the symptoms, clinical manifestations, evolution and prognosis, required examinations and medical treatment, and defines the criteria for evaluating the disability and its degree. (102246)

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CIS 03-1201 Guide to the evaluation of permanent disability - Volume II. (Spanish: Guía de valoración del menoscabo permanente - Tomo II) Domínguez Carmona D.M., ed., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2nd ed., 1998. 343p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 84-351-0278-5 (In Spanish)

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This manual presents detailed guidelines for evaluating the degree of permanent disability resulting from pneumopathy, cardiopathy, vasculopathy and haemopathy, as well as from AIDS. For the various diseases, it describes the symptoms, clinical manifestations, evolution and prognosis, required examinations and medical treatment, and defines the criteria for evaluating the disability and its degree. (102247)

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CIS 03-1202 Guide to the evaluation of permanent disability - Volume III. (Spanish: Guía de valoración del menoscabo permanente - Tomo III) Domínguez Carmona D.M., ed., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2nd ed., 1999. 375p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 84-351-0297-1 (In Spanish)

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This manual presents detailed guidelines for evaluating the degree of permanent disability resulting from nephropathy and urinary tract diseases, ophthalmological diseases (visual impairment, field of vision modifications, retinal and lens pathologies), ear, nose and throat diseases (hypoacusia, vertigo and other balance disorders, laryngeal cancer, speech disorders), oncological diseases, diseases and traumatisms requiring maxillofacial surgery and psychiatric disorders. For the various diseases, it describes the symptoms, clinical manifestations, evolution and prognosis, required examinations and medical treatment, and defines the criteria for evaluating the disability and its degree. (102248)

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CIS 03-1203 Guide to the evaluation of permanent disability - Volume IV. (Spanish: Guía de valoración del menoscabo permanente - Tomo IV) Domínguez Carmona D.M., ed., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2nd ed., 1999. 492p. Index., ISBN 84-351-0298-X (In Spanish)

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This manual presents the full text of Spanish legislation pertaining to the evaluation of work incapacity. It is divided into three parts: evaluation of invalidity by the social security administration, evaluation of invalidating lesions not directly compensated by the social security administration, and the evaluation of functional capacity using military service aptitude scales or the aptitude as specified for certain activities subject to administrative authorization. (102249)

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CIS 03-1204 Guide to the evaluation of permanent disability - Volume V. (Spanish: Guía de valoración del menoscabo permanente - Tomo V) Domínguez Carmona D.M., ed., Instituto Nacional de Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo, Madrid, Spain, 2nd ed., 1998. 321p. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 84-351-0298-X (In Spanish)

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This manual is divided into two parts. The first part presents detailed guidelines for evaluating the degree of permanent disability resulting from occupational skin diseases. It proposes a classification of skin diseases as a function of the causal agent as well as a diagnosis approach, and lists the main occupations which present a risk of skin disease as well as the causal substances or agents. The second part consists of case studies, where evaluations of permanent disability are presented for the following diseases: tuberculosis resistant to medication; bronchopulmonary carcinoma; pleural mesothelioma; melanoma; bladder cancer; chronic myeloid pneumonia; hyperthyroidism; Alzheimer's disease; manic-depressive psychosis; Parkinson's disease; radial paralysis; retinal pathology; myocardiopathy; obliterating arteriosclerosis; chronic obstructive pneumopathy; bronchial asthma; hypersensitivity pneumonia; Crohn's disease; chronic hepatitis; ankylosing spondylitis; systemic erythematosus lupus; polymyositis; traumatic lesions; toxic shock. (102250)

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CIS 03-1205 Development of a musculoskeletal disorder prevention and management programme at the workplace. (Korean: Sa up jang gun kol kyuk kye jil hwan ye bang kwan ri program kae bal) Park J.S., Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2002. 280p. Illus. 72 ref. (In Korean)

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The programme described in this report was developed to prevent musculoskeletal disorders in the Republic of Korea. It contains a series of detailed guidelines to the points to be considered in workplaces, current trends in the management of musculoskeletal disorders and relevant experience in several foreign countries. The results of applying this prevention programme in automotive industry plants are presented, and the rate of complaints at each stage of progress in the implementation of the programme is commented on. Contents: background and purpose of the research programme; research methods; current management of musculoskeletal disorders; development of guidelines for the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders; example of application of the prevention programme; OSH training and training materials. (102446)

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CIS 03-1206 Shift work and breast cancer: A critical review of the epidemiological evidence. Swerdlow A., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. iv, 26p. 23 ref. Price: GBP 10.00., ISBN 0-7176-2708-X (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr132.pdf

This report consists of a critical review of the epidemiological literature on the possible relation between shift work and the risk of breast cancer. Four relevant studies were identified, two cohort studies and two case-control studies. All found some significant associations, sometimes with dose or duration response effects, albeit with varying degrees of risk and with respect to different aspects of shift work. A potential mechanism for a relation between shift work and breast cancer risk would be the effect of altered light exposure during night work on levels of melatonin or other hormones that might influence cancer risk. However, this mechanism has not been established. Overall, while evidence for an association of breast cancer risk with shift work exists, it is not sufficiently conclusive, and it remains unclear whether associations are causal or a consequence of confounding. (102125)

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CIS 03-1207 Work-related lung disease surveillance report - 2002. Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, May 2003. xxxiv, 246p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-111/pdfs/2003-111.pdf

This report is a summary of statistical data for various occupational respiratory diseases on work-related lung diseases in the United States. The data are presented in a series of figures and tables and cover asbestosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, silicosis, byssinosis, unspecified and other pneumoconioses, all pneumoconioses, malignant mesothelioma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory conditions due to toxic agents, tuberculosis, lung cancer, other interstitial pulmonary diseases, various work-related respiratory conditions and smoking prevalence by industry and occupation. Data are given on mortality, morbidity, and exposure by state, industry, occupation and causal agent. (102113)

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CIS 03-1208 Occupational disease compensation fund - 2001 annual report. (Dutch: Fonds voor de beroepsziekten - Jaarverslag 2001; French: Fonds des maladies professionnelles - Rapport annuel 2001) Fonds des maladies professionnelles, Avenue de l'Astronomie 1, 1210 Brussel, Belgium, 2001. 192. Illus. PDF versions of the reports in both languages are also available on CD-ROM. (In Dutch, French)

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Contents of this annual report: administrative structure of the occupational diseases insurance fund; claims for compensation for occupational diseases (by diagnosis, sex, nationality, age, industrial sector and profession); compensation of occupational diseases (in the private and public sectors); prevention of occupational diseases; tables of financial and statistical data. PDF versions of the report are also available on CD-ROM (included). (102488)

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CIS 03-1209 Workers' health notebook: Legislation [Brazil]. (Portuguese: Caderno de saúde do trabalhador: Legislação) Ministério da Saúde do Brasil, Brasília, Brazil, 2002. 142p. 15 ref. (In Portuguese)

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http://dtr2001.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/trabalhador_leg.pdf

This document consists of comments on Brazilian regulatory texts pertaining to workers' health. Contents: Federal regulations (federal constitution, in particular its reference to a unified health system, law on the organization of health, other federal regulations, standardization implications of the unified health system); state regulations (state constitutions, state health legislation, regulation approving lists of occupational diseases and notification requirements at the state and federal level, state standards applicable to workers' health); legal interpretations of enforcement bodies and other administrations; legal texts of other sectors and ministries. Appendices include the full texts of relevant federal and state legislation. (102182)

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CIS 03-1210 Compendium of activities of the WHO collaborating centres in occupational health. World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service,1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, June 2003. 164p. Illus., ISBN 92-4-159074-2 (In English)

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http://www.who.int/oeh/OCHweb/OCHweb/OSHpages/CCWorkPlan/Compendium/Compendium_files.htm

The network of WHO collaborating centres in occupational health carries out its activities in all regions of the world. This compendium sets out the work plan of the network for the period 2000-2005. The numerous tasks are grouped around 15 task forces addressing the following themes: definition of guidelines; intensive partnership in Africa; child labour/adolescent workers; elimination of silicosis; health care workers; health promotion activity; psychosocial factors at work; promotion of OSH in small enterprises and in the informal sector; prevention of musculoskeletal disorders; preventive technology; training programmes and modules; internet resources and networks; national profiles and indicators; economic evaluation of interventions; global burden of disease. (102114)

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CIS 03-1211 Effects of unfavourable working conditions on workers' health and their economic consequences. (French: Effet des conditions de travail défavorables sur la santé des travailleurs et leurs conséquences économiques) Conne-Perréard E., Glardon M.J., Parrat J., Usel M., Conférence romande et tessinoise des offices cantonaux de protection des travailleurs (CRTi), Office cantonal de l'inspection et des relations du travail, 23, rue Ferdinand-Hodler, Case postale 3974, 1211 Genève 3, Switzerland, Dec. 2001. 19p. Illus. (In French)

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This booklet is the summary of a detailed report on the effects of unfavourable working conditions on workers' health and their economic consequences. Contents: definition of occupational disease and main worldwide and European occupational disease mortality statistics; musculoskeletal diseases; cardiovascular diseases; mental health; occupational cancer; estimation of the economic consequences of occupational diseases in Switzerland. (102330)

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CIS 03-1212 Occupational diseases - Procedures manual aimed at health services. (Portuguese: Doenças relacionadas ao trabalho - Manual de procedimentos para os serviços de saúde) Ministério da Saúde do Brasil, Brasília, Brazil, 2001. CD-ROM. (In Portuguese)

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This manual on CD-ROM aimed at health services personnel covers occupational safety and health, workers' medical assistance and medical supervision. Its purpose is to enable them to characterize the occupation-disease relationship. It is divided into four sections that cover the following issues: conceptual aspects and strategies to be adopted with respect to occupational health; various occupational pathologies; data sheets of chemicals that may cause occupational diseases; schedule of approved occupational diseases. A printed version was abstracted as CIS 02-1715. (102181)

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[ Top of page ]

003 Industries and occupations

CIS 03-1213 Incidence of musculoskeletal disorders among newly employed manufacturing workers. Häkkänen M., Viikari-Juntura E., Martikainen R., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 2001, Vol.27, No.6, p.381-387. Illus. 15 ref. (In English)

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The incidence of low-back, upper-limb and neck-shoulder disorders, as well as their induction times were investigated among 364 new workers of a trailer assembly plant in tasks with various physical workloads who were followed for 45 months. The incidence of first sick leave due to such disorders was recorded for groups having different workloads. The highest annual incidences were observed for strenuous tasks, the incidence rate for men being 16.8 per 100 person-years for upper-limb disorders in strenuous tasks and 6.1 in non-strenuous tasks, the rates for women being 32.0 and 9.9 respectively. For men, there was an approximately threefold risk of contracting an upper-limb or neck-shoulder disorder in strenuous tasks (3.2 for upper-limb disorders and 2.7 for neck-shoulder disorders) compared to non-strenuous tasks, whereas workload seemed not to affect low-back disorders. The workers first sought medical advice for their disorders typically some months after the start of employment. (102013)

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CIS 03-1214 Estimated risk of death among employees in agriculture and agriculture-related industries in Georgia, 1985-1994. Tedders S.H., Jobin T.L., Vogel R.L., Dever G.E.A., Journal of Agromedicine, 2003, Vol.9, No.1, p.27-38. 24 ref. (In English)

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The purpose of this study was to compare the risk of death among white and black farmers to non-farmers in Georgia. Mortality data for farming and agricultural operations stratified by age and aggregated by race were retrieved from the Georgia Office of Vital Statistics for the years 1985-1994. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated for all causes of death. Among white farmers, the risk of death was significantly high for tuberculosis (OR 1.64), fires (OR 1.60) and accidental drowning (OR 1.52). The leading causes of death among black farmers was accidental drowning (OR 1.53), cerebrovascular disease (OR 1.27) and ischaemic heart disease (OR 1.21). Causes of death reported to be significantly low were also investigated. The trends observed in this study appear to be similar to those observed at the national level. (102053)

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CIS 03-1215 A model for safety and health promotion among Danish farmers. Hjort C., Højmose P., Sherson D., Journal of Agromedicine, 2003, Vol.9, No.1, p.93-100. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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This article describes an ongoing participatory project aimed at preventing accidents in the agricultural sector in a region of Denmark. The main principles were local involvement in designing the project, multifacetted activities for defined target-groups and the recognition of specific occupational skills. This multilevel approach involved groups and organizations including farmers, farmers' spouses, agricultural advisors, agricultural school teachers, employees and part-time farm workers. Activities included discussion meetings, information meetings in larger and smaller groups, and the designing of educational safety material. The project is a managed from "bottom-up" with a small budget and little centrally-organized activities. Evaluations are undertaken throughout the project period. If this concept can be implemented in Denmark, it may well be useful in other developed and developing countries. (102054)

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CIS 03-1216 Criteria for the modernization and the replacement of the Spanish fishing fleet. (Spanish: Criterios para la modernización y renovación de la flota pesquera española) Capilla Márquez E., Prevención, Apr.-June 2003, No.164, p.16-26. Illus. 4 ref. (In Spanish)

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Council Regulation (EC) No. 2369/2002 of 20 December 2002 regarding the conservation and sustainable development of fisheries resources in the context of the common fisheries policy is applicable to trawlers from 1st January 2003. This regulation represents an obstacle to the renewal of the Spanish fishing fleet. This article comments the main provisions of Royal Decree 2287/1998 and the new EC regulation with respect to the conditions imposed on the modernization and renewal of vessels and analyses the consequences of the latter on the Spanish fishing fleet, in particular its progressive ageing which represents a risk to crew safety. (102222)

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CIS 03-1217 Safety climate, safety management practice and safety performance in offshore environments. Mearns K., Whitaker S.M., Flin R., Safety Science, Oct. 2003, Vol.41, No.8, p.641-680. Illus. 55 ref. (In English)

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Safety climate surveys were conducted on 13 offshore oil and gas installations in consecutive years, with nine installations common to both years. In addition, data on safety management practices were collected by questionnaire from senior management on eight of these installations. The association between management practices and climate scores with official accident statistics and self-reported accident involvement was examined using a series of hypotheses. Significant correlations were found between certain safety climate scales and official accident statistics and also the proportion of respondents reporting involvement in an accident in the previous 12 months. Proficiency in some safety management practices was associated with lower official accident rates and fewer respondents reporting accident involvement. (102052)

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CIS 03-1218 Lung function in Pakistani welding workers. Meo S.A., Azeem M.A., Subhan M.M.F., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2003, Vol.45, No.10, p.1068-1073. Illus. 21 ref. (In English)

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This matched case-control cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the effects of welding fumes and their duration of exposure on lung function. The study group consisted of 50 male nonsmoking manual metal arc welders who work without the benefit of welding fume control ventilation or respiratory protective devices. Controls included 50 shopkeepers and salesmen, matched by age. Welding workers with exposures longer than nine years showed a significant reduction in spirometry (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC%), and peak expiratory flow (PEF)) relative to controls. A dose-effect relationship was found between of years of welding and lung function. This effect primarily shows an obstructive pattern of airways disease. Preventive measures have to be adopted to avert long-term lung damage among welders in developing countries. (102047)

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CIS 03-1219 Study of the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in an aircraft engine manufacturing plant. (French: Etude de prévalence sur les troubles musculosquelettiques (TMS) dans un atelier de fabrication de moteurs d'avion) Marion J., Loïez V., Jaques M., Voisin A., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2003, Vol.43, No.4, p.415-421. 13 ref. (In French)

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The aim of this study was to highlight risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in an aircraft engine manufacturing plant. Groups of persons at risk appeared to be tool setters, welders and metal formers. Ergonomic job studies and analyses of body movements were combined with a questionnaire survey of 181 exposed and 187 non-exposed subjects. The questionnaire responses corroborate the initial hypothesis and job observations, the three groups singled out being indeed groups at risk of MSDs. The main risk factors are physical and mechanical, while psychosocial factors do not appear to be of key importance. The study shows that a rearrangement of the workstations with properly designed tools would enable reducing the risks of MSDs in this plant. (102473)

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CIS 03-1220 Lung cancer in heavy equipment operators and truck drivers with diesel exhaust exposure in the construction industry. Järvholm B., Silverman D., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.60, No.7, p.516-520. 19 ref. (In English)

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To study the risk of lung cancer among truck drivers and among drivers of heavy construction vehicles, data from a computerized register of Swedish construction workers participating in health examinations between 1971 and 1992 was used. A total of 6364 male truck drivers and 14,364 drivers of heavy construction vehicles were selected as case groups, while 119,984 carpenters and electricians constituted the reference group. Operators of heavy construction equipment experienced no increased risk of lung cancer compared to controls (61 cases versus 70.1 expected), with even lower rates for equipment with cabins. Truck drivers had increased risks of cancer of the lung (61 cases versus 47.3 expected) and prostate (124 cases versus 99.7 expected), although only mortality for lung cancer was significantly increased. Comparisons with the general population showed similar results. Results are consistent with those of previous studies suggesting that contrary to truck drivers, heavy equipment operators with potential exposure to diesel exhaust may have little or no increased risk of lung cancer. (102020)

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CIS 03-1221 Cancer incidence among union carpenters in New Jersey. Dement J., Pompeii L., Lipkus I.M., Samsa G.P., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2003, Vol.45, No.10, p.1059-1067.53 ref. (In English)

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A cohort of 13,354 male union carpenters in New Jersey was linked to cancer registry data in order to investigate cancer incidence from 1979 to 2000. 592 incident cancers were observed among this cohort (standardized incidence ratio (SIR) = 1.07, not a statistically significant increase). However, significant excesses were observed for cancers of the digestive system and peritoneum (SIR 1.24) and of the respiratory system (SIR 1.52). Workers in the union more than 30 years were at significant risk for cancers of the digestive organs and peritoneum (SIR 3.98), rectum (SIR 4.85), trachea, bronchus and lung (SIR 4.56), and other parts of the respiratory system (SIR 11.00). Testicular cancer was significantly in excess (SIR 2.48) in analyses that lagged results 15 years from initial union membership. Additional aetiologic research is needed to evaluate possible occupational and non-occupational risk factors for testicular cancer. (102046)

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CIS 03-1222 Enforcement of Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Condition of Service) Central Rules 1998 - Experience in implementation. Mukhopadhyay S.K., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.26-31. (In English)

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The Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulations of Employment and Conditions of Service) Central Rules 1998 were introduced in India in order to regulate safety, health and working conditions in the construction industry. This article discusses the experience in implementing these regulations. During the period from January 2001 to February 2002, labour inspection officers conducted 1930 inspections and filed 132 prosecution cases for violations pertaining to safety or other provisions of the legislation. A number of recommendations are made for improving the implementation of the legislation, including better definitions of duties between central and state government bodies, appointing more inspectors, providing them with appropriate training and extending their powers of enforcement. (102381)

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CIS 03-1223 Organising for HSE in construction of industrial projects. Venkataraman K., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.32-36. (In English)

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After agriculture, construction is the largest employer in India with 30 million workers, mostly in the informal sector. A large percentage of the workforce is unskilled, untrained and drawn from a rural background. Given the generally adverse working environments and the temporary nature of the work, the construction sector is particularly prone to accidents. This article presents the occupational safety and health management system adopted by a large engineering contractor. Since this system was implemented, there has been a significant drop in accident rates and the company has received several international safety awards. (102382)

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CIS 03-1224 Heart rate variability during long truck driving work. Sato S., Taoda K., Kawamura M., Wakaba K., Fukuchi Y., Nishiyama K., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.235-240. Illus. 17 ref. (In English)

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Ambulatory electrocardiograms of six long-distance truck drivers were recoded during their work period in order to observe the autonomic nervous function and symptoms during work. The RR50 (the number of cycles with R-R interval >50ms) and the low-frequency power/high-frequency power (LFP/HFP) ratio were calculated every two minutes. During naps, RR50 was significantly higher than during other periods of the work shift, while the LFP/HFP ratio was significantly lower. RRRR50 was also significantly higher in the morning than in the afternoon, while again the LFP/HFP ratio was lower. These results show that the parasympathetic nervous activities were more dominant than sympathetic nervous activities in the morning. Driving during high parasympathetic nervous activity levels may add to cardiovascular stress and lead to drowsiness. (102068)

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CIS 03-1225 Mortality among chrome leather tannery workers: An update. Stern F.B., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2003, Vol.44, No.2, p.197-206. 30 ref. (In English)

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Employees engaged in the tanning and finishing of leather are potentially exposed to numerous carcinogens. A previous mortality study (see CIS 88-1552) among 9352 workers from two chrome tanneries was updated with the addition of 11 years of work history follow-up and 1153 new deaths. Ninety-two different causes of death were analysed. Death rates both nationally and from the states in which the tanneries were located were used to calculate cause-specific standardized mortality ratios (SMRs). The mortality risks from all causes and from all cancers were lower than expected for the combined cohort. Analysing the two tanneries separately, causes of death from cancer of the lung, pancreas, bladder, kidney, testes, nasal cavity, lymphoma or soft-tissue sarcoma were not significantly elevated. An exception was lung cancer at one tannery when state death rates were used (SMR = 130). Analysing by duration of employment, no significant trend in any cause of death at either tannery was revealed. (102088)

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CIS 03-1226 Identifying and analysing hazards in manufacturing industry - A review of selected methods and development of a framework for method applicability. Willquist P., Törner M., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep. 2003, Vol.32, No.3, p.165-180. Illus. 37 ref. (In English)

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Literature review of methods for the identification and analysis of the risk of occupational accidents in the food industry. Twenty-one methods are reviewed. The methods are described together with a short description of procedures, area of the analysis and relevance to the food industry. A methodological framework was developed distinguishing three different approaches of risk analysis based on scope and type of available input data. The different approaches were termed "biased reactive", "biased proactive" and "unbiased proactive". This framework will enable practitioners to select specific methods of risk analysis depending on prerequisites and context. (102042)

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CIS 03-1227 Recommendations R 394, R 395, R 396, R 397. (French: Recommandations R 394, R 395, R 396, R 397) Travail et sécurité, Sep. 2003, No.632, Part II, p.1-24 (whole issue). Illus. 3 ref. (In French)

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This issue is devoted in its entirety to occupational safety and health recommendations developed by the French association of the paper and pulp industry. Contents: health hazards of chemicals used in pulp, paper and cardboard; work on winding equipment; work on pulpers and associated equipment used in pulp preparation; recommendations with respect to sheet take-up operations in paper machines. (102300)

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CIS 03-1228 Cohort cancer incidence among pulp and paper mill workers in British Columbia. Band P.R., Le N.D., Fang R., Astrakianakis G., Eng M., Bert J., Keefe A., Krewski D., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 2001, Vol.27, No.2, p.113-119. 33 ref. (In English)

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All male workers with at least one year of employment in 14 pulp and paper mills in 1950-1992 in British Columbia were studied. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were used to compare the cancer incidence of the cohort with that of the Canadian male population. Altogether 1756 cancer cases were observed in the entire cohort. For at least 15 years of work or more, the entire cohort had significantly increased SIR values for pleural and prostate cancer and skin melanoma. There was also a significantly increased risk for skin melanoma among workers in the Kraft process, rectal cancer among workers in the sulfite process, and stomach and prostate cancer and leukaemias among workers in both the Kraft and sulfite processes. Nine of 10 pleural cancers were mesotheliomas, which likely reflect past asbestos exposure. The results suggest that long-term work in the pulp and paper industry is associated with excess risks of prostate and stomach cancers and all leukaemias for work in both Kraft and sulfite processes and of rectal cancer for work in the sulfite process only. (102408)

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CIS 03-1229 Occupational skin diseases in nurses. Telksniene R., Januskevicius V., International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 2003, Vol.16, No.3, p.241-247. Illus. 7 ref. (In English)

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The aim of this work was to evaluate the incidence of occupational skin diseases in nurses, their morbidity rate, symptoms, possible causes and relation with occupational environment. The study group consisted of 706 nurses from different departments of a university hospital in Kaunas (Lithuania). A questionnaire and collection of information concerning the use of disinfectants were the main investigation methods. It was found that 47.3% nurses were suffering from occupational skin diseases. Allergic contact dermatitis was found to be the most frequent (28.5%) disease. Irritant contact dermatitis of non-allergic origin was diagnosed in 8.4% of nurses. The main symptoms of occupational skin diseases were itching and reddening. The risk of developing occupational dermatitis was increased by working with aldehydes and hydrogen peroxide as well as by using latex gloves and long working hours. (102040)

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CIS 03-1230 Atopic symptoms among California veterinarians. Susitaival P., Kirk J.H., Schenker M.B., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2003, Vol.44, No.2, p.166-171. Illus. 43 ref. (In English)

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To study the prevalence of allergic symptoms among veterinarians in California, a questionnaire was sent to 2,000 of them; the return rate was 71%. It was found that a history of either asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR) or atopic dermatitis (AD) was reported by 66% of respondents. AR was reported by 62%, asthma by 16% and AD by 11%. 40% of the veterinarians reported animal-related respiratory and/or skin symptoms. The most commonly-reported sources of symptoms were allergies to cats and dogs. In multivariate logistic analysis, the significant risk factors for having adult asthma were the history of AR with the history of AD (odds ratio (OR) 13.9), AR alone (OR 6.3) and asthma in childhood (OR 6.4). (102086)

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CIS 03-1231 Specific hazards associated with the job of call centre operator. (Spanish: Riesgos específicos asociados al puesto de operador telefónico) Carol Llopart S., Prevención, July-Sep. 2003, No.165, p.36-46. Illus. 3 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article presents a systematic analysis of the hazards associated with working in call centres. After identifying the general hazards associated with office work, it goes on to focus on the hazards associated more specifically with this type of work, such as mental workload, work organization and working conditions, as well as working at screens, with a keyboard and a mouse. Proposals are made for the ergonomic layout and organization of the workplace. A series of measures are proposed, aimed in particular at improving working conditions in call centres, preventing mental workload among operators, making their work easier and limiting errors. (102186)

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CIS 03-1232 Restaurant dishwashers: Metrological studies. (French: Plongeur en restauration. Etudes métrologiques) Bruneteau P., Delevoye A., Demeester E., Hunzinger E., Ribes M.L., Roux F., Van Brederode A., Havart C., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2003, Vol.43, No.3, p.281-289. Illus. 14 ref. + Insert 2p. (In French)

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This study on the dishwashing occupation was carried out in a large enterprise canteen serving 1200-1300 meals each day and employing 34 persons, including seven dishwashers. The study was carried out between April 2001 and April 2002 and focussed on the three hazards considered the most critical, namely noise, physical workload and the risk of onset of musculoskeletal diseases. Data were collected by means of two questionnaires, one addressed to the restaurant manager, the other to the concerned staff. Sonometry and sound dosimetry measurements were carried out in the dishwashing area. Physical workload was evaluated by measurements of heart rate. Muscular effort and awkward articular postures were evaluated from video recordings. Several ergonomic and working condition improvements were recommended on the basis of this project. An occupational medicine data sheet on the dishwashing occupation is included in the form of an insert. Contents: characteristics of the occupation; risk factors and constraints; hazard evaluation methods; health effects and occupational pathology; prevention; medical supervision; regulations. (102286)

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CIS 03-1233 Health and safety among film technicians working extended shifts. Bourdouxhe M., Toulouse G., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.113-118. 18 ref. (In English)

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This study of film technicians' work schedules and occupational hazards was based on 650 responses to a questionnaire given to film technicians, interviews with producers and technicians and a review of the literature on freelancers, on the effects of intermittent work and on risk factors for musculoskeletal injuries. Work schedules showed a tendency to extremely long work shifts (14 hours per day on average, and up to 19 hours in some cases). Occupational constraints and work schedules were found to relate to an increased risk of work-related injuries. Technicians identified fatigue associated with work schedules as the principal risk of accidents and one of the factors responsible for causing or aggravating their many musculoskeletal injuries. In addition to work schedules, stress and physical workload were also an important risk factors, particularly when demanding tasks had to be performed under severe time constraints. (102064)

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CIS 03-1234 Fatal occupational injuries among self-employed workers in North Carolina. Mirabelli M.C., Loomis D., Richardson D.B., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2003, Vol.44, No.2, p.182-190. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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Earlier research suggests that rates of occupational injury and death may be higher among self-employed workers than in the salaried population. This analysis was conducted to describe the demographic and occupational characteristics, as well as the injuries, activities and occupations of self-employed workers who are fatally injured on the job. Characteristics of workers by type of employment were compared using official statistics from the State of North Carolina for the period 1978-1994. Fatality rated by age, activity and industry in 395 self-employed workers were contrasted to 1,654 employed workers. The highest fatal injury rates among the self-employed occurred in agriculture, retail trade and transportation. Homicide deaths occurred more frequently among self-employed workers, while deaths resulting from unintentional injuries occurred more frequently among non-self-employed workers. These findings provide justification for addressing work-related conditions of self-employed workers in North Carolina. (102087)

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CIS 03-1235 Occupational health, safety and environmental challenges for small end medium enterprises (SMEs) - A perspective from Japan's experience. Kimura Y., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.43-45. (In English)

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Although considerable improvements in safety have been achieved over the years in the Japanese construction sector, the rates of accidents are still high among SMEs. Factors contributing to these accidents include low occupational safety and health (OSH) consciousness among employers, poor access to administrative guidance and the lack of appropriate information. This article describes various efforts that have been undertaken in view of improving the safety performance of SMEs in the construction sector. These efforts include programmes to help improve employers' OSH consciousness, OSH support programmes for groups of SMEs, the provision of OSH information through the use of information technology; encouraging the implementation of OSH management systems and ensuring the collaboration of the business side of the enterprise. (102383)

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CIS 03-1236 Impact of globalisation on HSE in small and medium enterprises - Trade union's perspective. Mahadevan H., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.55-59. (In English)

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SMEs producing goods for export mostly operate in the informal sector or in special export zones where in many cases workers are not organized, the Factories Act does not apply and occupational safety and health (OSH) provisions are minimal. This article presents a trade union perspective and reflects on some of the negative aspects of trade liberalization in India from the standpoint of OSH, working conditions and child labour based on the case of the cotton knitwear industry centred in the Tirupur region in South India. (102384)

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CIS 03-1237 Overview of HSE issues confronting small industries and a common pool approach strategy. Goyal P.K., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.60-65. (In English)

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This article presents some of the efforts undertaken to ensure the effective compliance of small and medium sized enterprizes (SMEs) in India with legal enactments concerning occupational safety and health. These efforts require the involvement of the government, international organizations, NGOs and professional and industrial associations. A cooperative programme in a region where many small-scale dyes and pigments industries are based is presented. An association was formed to build and maintain a waste water treatment plant and to take care of occupational safety and health issues, with the support of a local charitable institution. (102385)

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CIS 03-1238 The older worker: Everyone's future. Munk K., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2003, Vol.19, No.5, p.437-446. Illus. 31 ref. (In English)

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The proportion of workers over 40 years of age in some industry sectors in Australia is as high as 45%. Employers are concerned about the decline in physical ability, the loss of manual dexterity and a reduction in productivity of older workers. Other negative attitudes include the perception that older workers have higher accident and illness rates. The literature clearly indicates that there are certain age-related changes that affect an individual's capacity to complete job requirements. Equally, there are certain work conditions that may accelerate or accentuate the ageing process. This article discusses accident and injury statistics, and outlines both the physical and cognitive changes which may have a bearing on work aptitude. The physical and organizational conditions of work that may adversely affect older workers are reviewed. Finally, the ergonomic actions that may be used from the work design stage in order to maintain the mental and physical health of workers throughout their working life are discussed. (102452)

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CIS 03-1239 Research into the working hazards involving workers in the electrical and electronic industries and related occupational musculoskeletal disorders. (Korean: Jeonki, jeonja jejoupche gunroja ei jakup wiheom sung kwa jik up sung gun gol kyeok ke jil whan yeon gu) Kim K.S., Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2001. 139p. Illus. 31 ref. (In Korean)

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This report describes research carried out to check the ergonomic hazards that are present in the electrical and electronics industries, and their relationship with occupational musculoskeletal disorders. Validated ergonomic hazard evaluation tools (JSI, OWAS, RULA, OSHA and ANSI 8-365 check lists) were used for comparison and evaluation. The report analyses factors that may affect occupational musculoskeletal disorders occurring in each part of the body, based on data obtained through questionnaires, and introduces a tool that can perform actual ergonomic hazard assessment during workplace surveys. (102447)

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CIS 03-1240 Taking occupational safety and health considerations into account in the layout redesign of a recyclable waste separation centre. (French: Intégration de la santé et de la sécurité du travail lors de la conception du réaménagement d'un centre de tri de matières recyclables) Lavoie J., Guertin S., Verdon C., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. 34p. Illus. 23 ref. Price: CAD 5.35., ISBN 2-551-21875-6 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-347.pdf

Centres for the separation and recovery of household waste are sources of chemical, physical, biological and ergonomic health hazards, as well as safety hazards for the workers. The objectives of this study were to determine the factors to take into account for the design and layout of new centres, as well as for the diagnosis of the current safety and health hazards in existing centres. The study involved interviews of centre managers, workplace sampling and analysis, and job observations. Recommendations included storing the waste outside the premises, installing closures at each material feed hopper, increasing lighting intensity, installing a mechanical recovery system for plastic films, installing booster cushions at the workplaces and installing deflectors or favouring work face-to-face. (102328)

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CIS 03-1241 Fatal injuries in farming, forestry and horticulture 2002-2003. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 58p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/agriculture/pdf/fatal02.pdf

This is a report on the 38 fatal injuries that occurred in the agricultural sector (comprising farming, forestry, horticulture and associated industries) in Great Britain from April 2002 to March 2003. Contents: general statistics; causes and types of fatal injuries; analysis by employment status, month of the year and age of the victim. It also summarizes the reportable fatal injuries in the agricultural sector for the ten year period 1992/1993 to 2001/2002, and the non-fatal injuries, indicating points of interest and trends in fatal accidents involving employees, the self employed and members of the public during this period. Case studies are included showing what went wrong and how the accident could have been avoided. Previous report: see CIS 02-249. (102128)

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CIS 03-1242 The case for CDM: Better safer design - A pilot study. Wright M., Bendig M., Pavitt T., Gibb A., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. iv, 69p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-2733-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr148.pdf

The construction sector remains one of the most dangerous in the United Kingdom. Although The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994 (CDM, see CIS 95-13) clearly define the designer's duties with respect to the reduction of health and safety risks during construction, previous research has concluded that there is concern in the construction industry regarding limited success in securing safer designs. This project describes simple examples of how designers have significantly improved construction safety, reduced costs and shortened programme time. (102157)

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CIS 03-1243 Sample analysis of construction accidents reported to HSE. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. vi, 150p. Illus. 2 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2724-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr139.pdf

This report presents the results of a telephone survey of about 1000 notifiers of major or over-3-day injury construction accidents that occurred in Great Britain between 19 December 2001 and 31 March 2002. The accidents were representative of the kind and severity notified to HSE throughout the 2001/2 reporting period. About 39% of notified accidents were associated with refurbishment (including maintenance and repair) with 45% of those cases associated with domestic premises. An almost equal number (36%) of notified accidents concerned new building work, 47% of these cases being for domestic housing with the remainder largely commercial and industrial. In 63% of cases, notifiers said CDM (see CIS 95-13) applied at the site. 56% of the accidents occurred in the private sector and 33% in the public sector. (102159)

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CIS 03-1244 Health-protection concepts for small and medium-sized port companies handling automobiles and bulk goods. (German: Gesundheitsschutzkonzepte für kleine und mittlere Hafenbetriebe beim Auto- und Massengutumschlag) Lange J., Kessel G., Stehrenberg B., Groth J., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 279p. Illus. 42 ref. Price: EUR 24.00., ISBN 3-89701-869-1 (In German)

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The aim of this study was to develop a health-protection concept addressing the different working conditions of port workers who handle the loading and unloading of bulk goods and automobiles. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey of 222 port workers (192 involved in automobile handling and 30 in bulk goods handling), by observing the work processes and the workplaces and by interviewing experts. It was found that the concept of integrated quality and safety management systems can successfully take into account the existing company safety and health organization systems as well as statutory labour protection provisions, with the participation of workers actively involved in the self-regulation of the system. (102021)

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CIS 03-1245 Best practices in work-flexibility schemes and their impact on the quality of working life in the chemical industries. (French: Les meilleures pratiques de flexibilité du travail et leur incidence sur la qualité de la vie professionnelle dans les industries chimiques; Spanish: Las prácticas óptimas en los sistemas de trabajo flexible y sus efectos en la calidad de la vida laboral en las industrias químicas) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. vii, 116p. Illus. 129 ref. Price: CHF 20.00., ISBN 92-2-114140-3 (En), ISBN 92-2-214140-7 (fr), ISBN 92-2-314140-0 (es) (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmwfci03/tmwfci-r.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmwfci03/tmwfci-r.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/public/french/dialogue/sector/techmeet/tmwfci03/tmwfci-r.pdf

Report for discussion at a tripartite meeting on best practices in work-flexibility schemes and their impact on the quality of working life in the chemical industries. It contains many examples of current work flexibility practices and related areas that affect them. Main topics covered: employment; remuneration; working time; skills, training and knowledge management; shift work; industrial relations. (102118)

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CIS 03-1246 Resorting to private home care and nursing care agencies by home care support services of local community service centres. (French: Le recours aux agences privées d'aide à domicile et de soins infirmiers par les services de soutien à domicile des CLSC) David H., Cloutier E., La Tour S., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. x, 130p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: CAD 10.00., ISBN 2-551-21869-1 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-346.pdf

This report describes the current situation with respect to the practice of outsourcing home care by the home care services of local community service centres to private agencies in a region of Quebec, Canada. This study was carried out in response to a request from the scientific committee of the Occupational Safety And Health Research Institute of the Province of Quebec (Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail - IRSST) to report on the situation of private home care agencies, in view of their increasing role in the provision of home care. The prime objective of this study was to descriptively document this current situation as it exists in a large urban region. It involved interviews with key staff at four local community service centres and at five private home care agencies under contract. (102329)

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CIS 03-1247 Fatal injuries to civilian workers in the United States, 1980-1995: National and state profiles. Marsh S.M., Layne L.A., Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, June 2001. xiv, 364p. 55 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/NTOF2000/2001129pd.html

Deaths from injuries at work continue to be a major problem, with an average of 16 workers dyeing each day in the United States. The current document includes 16 years of data from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities surveillance system for the years 1980 through 1995. Occupational injury mortality statistics on over 93,000 deaths are provided by demographic and injury characteristics. These data illuminate the nature and magnitude of work-related injury death for the United States and comprise the most comprehensive summary available in one document. The data presented in this report provide the basis for developing strategies to prevent traumatic work-related injury deaths. This document presents data for each of the 50 states of the US and for the District of Columbia. Aggregate national statistics are presented in a different document (see CIS 02-1616). (102130)

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CIS 03-1248 Proceedings of the International symposium on youth and work - 20-22 November 2002, Espoo, Finland. Rantanen J., Lehtinen S., Vuori J., Taskinen H., Huuskonen M., Leino T., eds., Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Publication Office, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2003. 160p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 951-802-539-8 (In English)

Internet:

Proceedings of an international symposium on youth and work held on 20-22 November 2002, in Espoo, Finland. The papers are grouped under the following themes: schooling youth for working life (integrating occupational safety and health in education); transition from school to working life; young workers and a healthy working life (work socialization of young people, health risks among adolescents, prevention of accidents caused by young workers, hazardous child labour, young people's attitude towards safety and health at work). (102112)

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CIS 03-1249 Gender equality and the extension of social protection. Sabates-Wheeler R., Kabeer N., ILO Social Security and Development Branch, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. v, 54p. Illus. 51 ref., ISBN 92-2-113746-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/socsec/download/esspaper15.pdf

This paper takes as its starting point the evidence that women occupy a disadvantaged status in relation to work opportunities when compared to men from equivalent social groups, and that they are also far more likely to be excluded from the sphere of social protection strategies. It is thought that female exclusion from such strategies is due to three main factors: an increasing casualization and feminization of the labour force, life cycle events, and gender-neutral effects that are likely to impact women more severely. A variety of successful social protection programmes and experiences are evaluated with the aim of recommending ways to extend social protection, in particular to women of working age. It is recommended that future efforts to extend social protection initiatives should take these factors into account. Furthermore, due to lack of data and comprehensive research, impact evaluations on the range of social protection programmes for women need to be conducted. (102116)

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CIS 03-1250 Combating child labour: A handbook for labour inspectors. (French: Combattre le travail des enfants: Manuel à l'usage des inspecteurs du travail; Russian: Bor'ba s detskim trudom: posobie dlja inspektorov truda; Spanish: Combatiendo las peores formas de trabajo infantil: Manual para inspectores) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2002. vii, 57p. 47 ref. Price: CHF 15.00; USD 9.95; GBP 6.95; EUR 11.00., ISBN 92-2-113348-6 (En), ISBN 92-2-213348-X (fr), ISBN 92-2-313348-3 (es), ISBN 92-2-4131984-8 (ru) (In English, French, Russian, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/publ/download/laborinspect_hand
   …bk_2003_en.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/public/spanish/standards/ipec/publ/download/laborinspect_hand
   …bk_2003_sp.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/public/french/standards/ipec/publ/download/laborinspect_handb
   …k_2003_fr.pdf

http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/ipec/publ/download/other/laborinspec
   …t_handbk_2003_ru.pdf

Overview of the role of labour inspectors with respect to child labour as well as basic information on understanding and taking action against children's work that is dangerous, exploitative or that compromises their future. The handbook offers suggestions on how to assess abuse and risk, how to evaluate a particular situation holistically, and explains how to implement a child labour inspection and monitoring system. It contains advice on the training process as well as on the elements to include in a training programme. It also offers an array of helpful tools labour inspectors can use to assess child labour problems. (102131)

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CIS 03-1251 Benchmarking the competent person in manufacturing and engineering sectors. Hinde A., Ager R., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 62p. Illus. 42 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-2227-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr121.pdf

The objective of this survey was to improve the understanding of competence levels held by people acting as nominated competent persons, as per the provisions of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (see CIS 02-1507). It shows how the issue is addressed in 502 companies in the manufacturing and engineering sectors. Findings indicate that the competent person is likely to be senior within the organization, and have considerable experience within that industry. The level of health and safety training was variable, ranging from 20% of persons with no training to 20% having level 3 standard qualifications or above. The level of training and resources provided does not correlate with risk level, but does with company size. (102423)

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CIS 03-1252 Managing health and safety in forestry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, rev.ed., Sep. 2003. 18p. Illus. 14 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg294.pdf

This booklet is an update of an earlier version (see CIS 99-1549) which successfully improved safety and health standards in the forestry industry. This revised version also clarifies the roles and tasks in relation to timber haulage to successfully manage safety and health in forestry and associated haulage. Contents: definition of management roles; the landowner role; the forestry work manager role; the contractor role; the subcontractor role. An appendix shows four examples of situations involving different relationships in the contract chain. (102105)

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CIS 03-1253 Approval testing of welders - Fusion welding - Part 5: Titanium and titanium alloys, zirconium and zirconium alloys. (French: Epreuve de qualification des soudeurs - Soudage par fusion - Partie 5: Titane et ses alliages, zirconium et ses alliages) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 2000. vi, 18p. Illus. 14 ref. Price: CHF 85.00. (In English, French)

Internet:


This international standard specifies essential requirements, ranges of approval, test conditions, acceptance requirements and certification of welder performance for the fusion welding of titanium and zirconium. The welding processes referred to in this standard include those fusion welding processes which are designated as manual or partly mechanized welding. It does not cover fully-mechanized and automatic processes. (102253)

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CIS 03-1254 Temporary and mobile construction sites - Comment on legislation concerning temporary and mobile construction sites. (Dutch: Tijdelijke en mobiele bouwplaatsen - Enkele juridische bijdragen omtrent de regelgeving aangaande tijdelijke of mobiele bouwplaatsen; French: Chantiers temporaires et mobiles - Considérations juridiques concernant la législation sur les chantiers temporaires ou mobiles) Federaal Ministerie van Tewerkstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussel, Belgium, Nov. 2002. 95p. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:
http://www.meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/frdd44.pdf

http://www.meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/nldd44.pdf

Contents of this collection of comments on legislation applicable to temporary and mobile construction sites: general principles of workers' well-being at work; public procurement regulations that apply to temporary or mobile construction sites; roles and responsibilities of safety coordinators on temporary and mobile construction sites; roles and responsibilities with respect to the occupational safety, health and well-being of workers according to the provisions of the Law of 4 August 1996 and the Royal Decree of 25 January 2001 on the well-being of workers as they apply to temporary and mobile construction sites (CIS 01-1294). (102264)

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CIS 03-1255 Standard safety rules - The construction industry. (Korean: Pyojun jakup anjeon soochik) Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2001. 219p. Illus. (In Korean)

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This manual presents 23 safety rules applicable to different types of construction work or construction sites: work at height; concrete work; excavation work; sheathing work; tunneling; blasting; pile driving; steel frame work; dismantling and removing work; road work; railroad work; bridge work; work at buried materials sites; dam work; river work; embankment work; underwater and offshore work; harbour work; construction finishing work; working with equipment and tools; hand tool work; construction equipment work; and electricity and facility work. (102443)

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CIS 03-1256 Flight attendants. (French: L'hôtesse de l'air et le steward) Lambert S., Pineau A., Zylberberg J.L., Gunther-Martin E., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2003, Vol.43, No.4, Insert. 2p. (In French)

Internet:

Contents of this medical and occupational data sheet on the job of flight attendant: job characteristics; description of the activities (work in airports or in aircraft, equipment, job tasks, gestures and postures, work clothes (uniforms)); hazards and constraints (related to the environment, equipment, work schedules, physical and mental workloads); occupational health hazards (phlebitis, genital and urinary infections, osteoarticular disorders, neuropsychic effects, travel-related infectious diseases); preventive measures (collective, individual, first aid); French regulations; medical supervision. (102475)

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CIS 03-1257 Treadsafely - A guide to health and safety in the tyre retread industry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Aug. 2003. 48p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg380.pdf

This guide is aimed at employers of the tyre retreading industry to help them to achieve and maintain safe and healthy working conditions. It focuses on the main hazards and indicates what to do to ensure the risks are properly controlled. Topics covered: training; machinery safety (new machines, safe operation and maintenance, hazards from specific machine types); health hazards (noise, hand-arm vibration, dusts, rubber fume, adhesives and solvents); fire and explosion hazards; other hazards (injuries, manual handling, vehicles, falls from heights, slips and trips); reporting injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences. In appendices: health record form and example of the completed health surveillance section of this form. (102154)

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CIS 03-1258 Shoe repair. (Spanish: Reparación de calzado) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 53p. Illus. Price: EUR 3.40., ISBN 84-7425-660-7 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/gap_030.pdf

This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards in shoe repair and the principal prevention measures in the industry is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: machines, equipment and tools; materials and fittings; falls on the level; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; psychosocial and organizational factors; other risk factors; legislation; method for risk assessment. (102463)

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CIS 03-1259 A baker's dozen: Thirteen essentials for health and safety in bakeries. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 106p. Illus. 136 ref. Price: GBP 13.50., ISBN 0-7176-2616-4 (In English)

Internet:

This book provides practical and legal guidance for management and supervisory staff as well as persons responsible for health and safety in bakeries. It comments the topics requiring special attention since they cause the highest rates of injury and ill health in bakery workers: dust from flour and other ingredients; manual handling; slipping and tripping; workplace transport; falls from heights, bakery packaging machines; noise; confined spaces; chemical cleaning agents; fire and explosion; electrical safety. The book also contains useful guidance on risk assessment, accident investigation, reporting of injuries and occupational diseases, first aid and emergency procedures. (102119)

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CIS 03-1260 Priorities for health and safety in the glass industries. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 2002. 4p. Illus. 7 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/gis1.pdf

This information sheet identifies the major causes of accidents and ill health in the glass industries and contains information enabling employers to carry out a risk assessment, identify priorities for action and benchmark their safety and health performance with that of the rest of the industry. Contents: revitalizing health and safety in the glass industry; main causes of injury; significant accident factors and priorities for action; ill health factors and priorities for action. (102090)

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CIS 03-1261 Caretakers of high-rise buildings (HRBs). (French: L'agent de sécurité d'immeuble de grande hauteur (IGH)) Alcouffe J., Biardeau B., Boyer-Raby H., Manillier P., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2003, Vol.43, No.1, p.25-31. Illus. 6 ref. + Insert 2p. (In French)

Internet:

Following a brief overview on high-rise buildings (HRBs) in the Paris region, this article defines the job of HRB caretakers, describes their main tasks and makes recommendations with respect to their medical supervision. The key points concerning this activity are presented on an information sheet appended to the article (insert): characteristics of the job; description of the tasks; hazards and constraints; health effects and occupational pathology; prevention; regulations; health and work aptitude. (102198)

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CIS 03-1262 Gymnasiums. (Spanish: Gimnasios) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 41p. Illus. Price: EUR 3.40., ISBN 84-7425-661-5 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.mtas.es/insht/practice/gap_031.pdf

This guide in the form of check lists of potential hazards in gymnasiums and the main corresponding prevention measures is aimed at managers of small enterprises. Contents: machines and equipment; falls on the level; electrical hazards; physical hazards; harmful chemicals; biological agents; fires and explosions; workplace design; psychosocial and organizational factors; other risk factors; legislation; method for risk assessment. (102464)

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CIS 03-1263 Adventure activities centres: Five steps to risk assessment. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Mar. 2003. iv, 16p. 30 ref. Price: GBP 9.00., ISBN 0-7176-2463-3 (In English)

Internet:

Adventure activities are aimed at teaching young persons to face challenges and to experience a sense of achievement in overcoming them. However, while they should create a sense of adventure and excitement, they should not cause harm. This guidance on risk management is aimed at owners, operators and managers of adventure activities centres. Contents: definitions of "hazard" and "risk"; five steps of risk assessment (identify hazards, identify persons at risk, evaluate risks and decide whether existing precautions are adequate, record findings, review assessment and revise if necessary); case study of risk assessment in an adventure activities centre offering canoeing and climbing activities, mainly to under-18-year olds. (102165)

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CIS 03-1264 Safety and health in shipbreaking: Guidelines for Asian countries and Turkey. ILO Publications, International Labour Office (ILO), 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. xxi, 200p. 69 ref. Index. Price: CHF 35.00., ISBN 92-2-115289-8 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cops/english/download/e000020.pdf

These guidelines were adopted by the Interregional Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Safety and Health in Shipbreaking for Selected Asian Countries and Turkey, held in Bangkok, Thailand, 7-14 Oct. 2003. The guidelines start with the following general information: glossary; general objectives; characteristics of the industry (incl. a detailed list of occupational hazards in the industry). Two principal parts: I. Establishing national frameworks - general responsibilities, duties and rights, legal frameworks; OSH management; reporting and notification of work-related inquiries and diseases, ill health and incidents; occupational health services. II. Safe shipbreaking operations - operations planning; general preventive and protective measures; management of hazardous substances; measures against physical, biological, ergonomic and psychosocial hazards; safety requirements for tools, machines and equipment; competence and training; personal protective equipment and protective clothing; contingency and emergency preparedness; special protection (social insurance, working hours, night work, child labour, alcohol and drugs, HIV/AIDS); welfare measures. In annexes: workers' health surveillance; surveillance of the working environment; establishing an OSH management system; IMO inventory of potentially hazardous materials on board ships; example of a model risk assessment tool. (102497)

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CIS 03-1265 Vocational rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. CD-ROM. (In English)

Internet:

This CD-ROM published by the ILO's InFocus Programme on Skills, Knowledge and Employability addresses issues of vocational rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities. Contents: tests and statistics on the vocational rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities in 23 African, Asian and European countries and information on each of these countries (objectives and strategy, government measures and programmes; legal framework; consultation of representative organizations, disability compensation system, employment, adjustment to work and workplace); instruments of intergovernmental organization (full texts and extracts); selected ILO publications on the vocational rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities. (102151)

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CIS 03-1266 Transportation. (Portuguese: Transporte: Mão dupla: Abertura; Cidadania no trânsito; Transporte de cargas; Transporte de passageiros; Transporte de trabalhadores; Profissão - motociclista; Álcool e drogas. Manual prático do trabalhador: Transporte de passageiros; Perigo sobre rodas; Motociclista profissional) Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego, Fundacentro, Rua Capote Valente 710, São Paulo, SP 05409-002, Brazil, 2001. 10 videotapes (VHS format), 25min 11sec; 26min 13sec; 25min 15sec; 25min 51sec; 24min 57sec; 26min 03sec; 26min 33sec; 10min 45sec; 16min 47sec; 15min 31sec. (In Portuguese)

Internet:

The Fundacentro has published ten videotapes on occupational safety in road transport. They describe the hazards that are present in this sector and propose solutions for improving safety. Seven of these tapes are part of a collection entitled "Two ways", covering the following topics: opening of the series (general discussion); civic sense during driving; transportation of loads; transportation of persons; transportation of workers; motorcycling as an occupation; alcohol and drugs. Three tapes are part of a series entitled "Practical manual of the worker", covering the following topics: transportation of passengers; hazards on wheels (transportation of hazardous substances), motorcycling as an occupation. (102461)

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[ Top of page ]

004 New technologies

CIS 03-1267 Methods for assessing the compatibility of products from the field of automation, robotics and integrated production systems with safety requirements. (Polish: Modele oceny zgodności bezpieczeństwa wyrobów z dziedziny automatyki, robotyki oraz zintegrowanych systemów wytwarzania) Dźwiarek M., Kosztowski S., Miareczko B., Missala T., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 123p. Illus. 7 ref., ISBN 83-87354-89-9 (In Polish)

Internet:

This publication describes the European and Polish approaches to the assessment of the compatibility of products used in automated processes, robotics and integrated production systems with safety requirements. It describes both the "new approach" and the "global approach" to technical harmonization and standardization. With the help of guidelines based on the "new approach", a step-by-step methodology was developed for assessing the compatibility of these products with safety requirements. (102436)

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CIS 03-1268 Increasing information load at the workplace: Strain-balanced coping with electronic media (e-mail, Internet). (German: Steigende Informationsflut am Arbeitsplatz: belastungsgünstiger Umgang mit elektronischen Medien (E-Mail, Internet)) Moser K., Preising K., Göritz A.S., Paul K., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 225p. Illus. 92 ref. Price: EUR 18.50., ISBN 3-89701-900-0 (In German)

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Today, most office workers are equipped with personal computers connected to the Internet. The objective of this project was to examine how organizations and individuals perceive this new technology, the strain caused by information overload on employees and how they cope with this strain, as well as to evaluate supporting communication tools aimed at limiting this strain. Five studies on supporting communication tools, information organizational culture and psychological stress at the workplace due to the new media were conducted. On the basis of the findings, a training concept was developed for helping employees to cope with stress caused by this new technology. (102022)

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CIS 03-1269 Information and communication technologies and decent work: Finding solutions in the information society. ILO Central and Eastern European Team, Budapest, Hungary, 2002. 81p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo-ceet.hu/public/english/region/eurpro/budapest/download/tallin_report.pdf

Report of a tripartite conference on decent work in the information society held in Tallinn, Estonia, 25-26 Apr. 2002. The conference discussed the implications of information and communication technologies (ICT) development for job creation and quality of work in Central and Eastern European countries. Topics covered: ICT and the changing world of work; occupational safety and health and ICTs; telework; atypical work relationships and self-employment; encouraging employability in the ICT sector, ICT as possible threat to the organization of workers and employers; rise of social exclusion and gender inequalities in an information society. (102152)

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CIS 03-1270 Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) - Part 12: Presentation of information. (French: Exigences ergonomiques pour travail de bureau avec terminaux à écrans de visualisation (TEV) - Partie 12: Présentation de l'information) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1998. v, 46p. Illus. 4 ref. Price: CHF 142.00. (In English, French)

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Part 12 of this international standard provides ergonomic recommendations for the presentation of information and specific properties of presented information on text-based and graphical user interfaces used for office tasks. It provides recommendations for the design and evaluation of visual presentation of information, including coding techniques. These recommendations can be used throughout the design process. The coverage of colour is limited to ergonomic recommendations for the use of colour for highlighting and categorizing information. Additional recommendations for the use of colour are provided in Part 8 of this standard. (102255)

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CIS 03-1271 Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) - Part 17: Form filling dialogues. (French: Exigences ergonomiques pour travail de bureau avec terminaux à écrans de visualisation (TEV) - Partie 17: Dialogues de type remplissage de formulaires) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1998. vii, 35p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: CHF 122.00. (In English, French)

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Part 17 of this international standard provides conditional recommendations on dialogue design, input design and output design for computer dialogues in which form-filling and dialogue boxes are used to accomplish typical office tasks. It pertains to form-filling through both character-based and bit-mapped screens and input through keyboards and optional pointing devices such as mice. In addition, it includes the use of non-text methods for providing form entry data, such as list boxes. These recommendations can be used by designers throughout the development process and can also represent equipment-selection criteria in the procurement process. (102256)

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[ Top of page ]

005 Chemical safety

CIS 03-1272 Development of occupational hygiene research on dust exposures in Japan: Until around 1960. (Japanese: Funjin-eisei no ayumi (Dai ippō) - 1960-nen (Shōwa 35-nen) goro made) Kimura K., Journal of Science of Labour - Rōdō Kagaku, 2004, Vol.80, No.1, p.12-22. Illus. 45 ref. (In Japanese)

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Review of the dust measuring techniques and apparatus used in Japan during the period 1928-1960, with special emphasis on the Rōken filter type dust sampler invented in 1935. The measurements conducted during this period reveled the close relationship between high dust concentrations and the prevalence of silicosis. For Part 2 of this review, see CIS 03-1273. (102233)

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CIS 03-1273 Development of occupational hygiene research on dust exposures in Japan (Part 2): From around 1960 onwards. (Japanese: Funjin-eisei no ayumi (Dai nihō) - 1960-nen (Shōwa 35-nen) ikō) Kimura K., Journal of Science of Labour - Rōdō Kagaku, 2004, Vol.80, No.2, p.57-70. Illus. 33 ref. (In Japanese)

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Review of the dust measuring techniques and apparatus used in Japan since 1960 (for the period preceding 1960, see CIS 03-1272). The Rōken dust samplers were progressively replaced by mass-based dust measuring instruments, and consequently exposure limits started to be indicated in terms of collected dust weight per unit air volume. More attention was paid to concentrations of respirable dust particles. Eventually, individual dust samplers were developed, so that personal exposure of workers to dust could be measured. A notable breakthrough was the development of "T-R samplers" which made it possible to measure both total dust and respirable dust concentrations. Another innovation was the introduction of continuous recording devices for measuring time-dependent changes in dust concentration. The overall effect of all these improvements in dust measuring techniques was the significant improvement in the implementation of dust control measures in the workplace. (102236)

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CIS 03-1274 A training exercise in subjectively estimating inhalation exposures. Semple S.E., Proud L.A., Tannahill S.N., Tindall M.E., Cherrie J.W., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 2001, Vol.27, No.6, p.395-401. Illus. 16 ref. (In English)

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This study examined whether it is possible to train occupational hygienists to reliably estimate inhalation exposures from limited occupational information using a new method. Five occupational hygienists estimated inhalation exposure for 40 tasks involving exposure to various chemicals, using a recently-developed modelling technique supplemented by detailed guidance notes. Measured exposure levels were used to determine the validity of the method. There was good-to-excellent agreement between the assessors' estimates and the measured data, the correlation coefficients ranging from 0.73 to 0.85. Aggregating the assessors' estimates helped to improve the correlation coefficient to 0.88. However, using more than three assessors for aggregate estimates did not improve the reliability of the method. Overall, the assessors found the method to be useful, particularly in epidemiological studies in which limited exposure data are available. (102014)

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CIS 03-1275 Exposure to nitroaromatic explosives and health effects during disposal of military waste. Letzel S., Göen T., Bader M., Angerer J., Kraus T., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.60, No.7, p.483-488. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

Internet:

The objective of this study was to investigate the exposure to dinitrotoluene (DNT) and trinitrotoluene (TNT) among the 82 workers of a heavy-weapon dismantling plant in Germany, 51 of whom were regularly exposed to ammunition containing TNT and DNT, 19 occasionally and 12 not at all. Air analyses yielded maximum concentrations of 20µg/m3 for 2,4-DNT and 3250µg/m3 for 2,4,6-TNT. The maximum concentrations in the urine of workers regularly exposed were 5.0µg/L for 2,4,6-TNT, 1464.0µg/L for 2-amino-4,6-dinitrotoluene, 6693.0µg/L for 4-amino-2,6-dinitrotoluene, 2.1µg/L for 2,4-DNT, 95.0µg/L for 2,4-dinitrobenzoic acid and 3.6µg/L for 2,6-DNT. Among the 63 persons for whom TNT, DNT or metabolite concentrations above the analytical detection limits were found in urine, there were more frequent reports of symptoms such as bitter taste, burning eyes and discoloration of the skin and hair than among persons without detectable TNT and/or DNT exposure. (102018)

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CIS 03-1276 Occupational skin-protection products - A review. Kresken J., Klotz A., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 2003, Vol.76, No.5, p.355-358. 34 ref. (In English)

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Skin-protection products are used in the occupational hygiene field to protect the skin against hazards at the workplace. Their use is appropriate only for non-toxic, non-carcinogenic and non-sensitizing low-grade irritants such as water, detergents and cutting fluids. They should not be considered as replacements for other protective measures such as gloves. The selection of the appropriate protective product depends on the physical and chemical properties of the agent against which protection is sought. A table lists suited applications for selected protective cream formulations. (102032)

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CIS 03-1277 Skin care management: Educational aspects. Schwanitz H.J., Riehl U., Schlesinger T., Bock M., Skudlik C., Wulfhorst B., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, June 2003, Vol.76, No.5, p.374-381. Illus. 26 ref. (In English)

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This article reviews the effectiveness of health education in the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of occupational skin disorders. The results of three questionnaire studies involving apprentice hairdressers in 1986, 1994 and 1999 clearly show a decrease in skin disorders among those having received primary skin care training. A secondary intervention comprising both medical and educational methods was developed for hairdressers who remained at their workplace despite manifest skin disorders. As a result of the programme, 121 (81%) of the 150 participants healed successfully while continuing their work. A tertiary prevention programme involved occupational skin disease patients treated at the dermatology department of a university hospital, where education also proved to be effective. (102033)

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CIS 03-1278 Dangerous substances - Handle with care. (French: Gestion des substances dangereuses; German: Umgang mit Gefahrstoffen; Spanish: Trabajar con sustancias peligrosas) Magazine - European Agency for Safety and Health at Work / Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail, 2003, No.6, p.1-36 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English, French, German, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.agency.osha.eu.int/publications/magazine/6/de/MAGAZINE6-DE.pdf
http://www.agency.osha.eu.int/publications/magazine/6/en/MAGAZINE6-EN.PDF
http://www.agency.osha.eu.int/publications/magazine/6/es/MAGAZINE6-ES.pdf
http://www.agency.osha.eu.int/publications/magazine/6/fr/MAGAZINE6-FR.pdf

The European Union is committed to reducing the risk to workers from dangerous substances. Contents of this issue entirely devoted to dangerous substances in the EU: consolidating a culture of risk prevention; how the EU establishes exposure limits for chemicals; what the impact of the latest occupational safety and health measures is on industry; what needs to be done to make existing European OSH legislation more effective; views from Greece and Italy; description of an online tool for helping small enterprises in implementing the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COSHH 2002, see CIS 03-1023); control measures to minimize workplace exposure and protect worker health; rationale behind the EU's top-priority risk reduction strategy; risks posed by dust, particles and exhaust gases at work; presentation of the Danish dangerous chemical product register; managing biological hazards in the workplace. (102089)

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CIS 03-1279 Toxicology seminar in La Baule. (French: Journées toxicologiques de La Baule) Dreux F., Faupin F., Mignot G., Özkan-Rabret E., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 2003, Vol.43, No.1, p.33-46. (In French)

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Short reviews of papers presented at a seminar on toxicology held in La Baule, France, 11-12 October 2002. Contents: scleroderma and the occupational environment; hazards due to peracetic acid used in hospital and industrial disinfection; evaluation of the hazards from aluminium work; toxic effects from the most common quaternary ammonium salts; current reports in the field of allergies to products used in hairdressing; current data on polypropylene glycol ethers; uses of sulfites and their hazards; occupational exposure of pregnant women to toxic substances; acute poisoning from scouring agents; use of phthalates and their hazards; current knowledge in the field of endocrine disrupters; management of chemical hazards within the enterprise; sampling of biological matter in cases of acute poisoning. (102199)

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CIS 03-1280 Efficiency of 22 online databases in the search for physicochemical, toxicochemical and ecotoxicological information on chemicals. Guerbet M., Guyodo G., Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Mar. 2002, Vol.46, No.2, p.261-268. 7 ref. (In English)

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The objective of the study was to evaluate the capacity of 22 databases with free access on the Internet to provide reliable information on chemical substances. A sample 14 compounds belonging to different chemical classes was selected, and the databases were searched for information concerning 27 major toxicological criteria of these compounds. None of the databases had information on all 14 of the chemicals (although 3 had information on 13), and the average hit rate per database was 7.2. There were major discrepancies among the databases in the quantity and quality of information supplied for each substance. In general, the documentation of the information provided is of poor quality. One database, the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), from the US National Library of Medicine, stands out as the most efficient database, both for the breadth of its coverage and for the quality of its documentation. However, users are advised to check in more specialized databases for additional information. (102205)

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CIS 03-1281 Aramid fibres: Factors for hazard evaluation. (French: Fibres d'aramide: éléments pour l'évaluation des risques) Roos F., Guimon M., Vincent R., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.95, p.295-306. Illus. 38 ref. (In French)

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The toxicological assessment of aramid fibres is still incomplete, available data being mainly on para-aramids. Although the dimensions of aramid fibres are too large to present a risk to the lower lung, certain processing steps may give rise to fibrillation resulting in respirable fibres that may present lung toxicity. This article presents the current state of knowledge and lists a certain number of elements that can help evaluate hazards resulting from occupational exposures to aramid fibres. Contents: manufacture, properties and uses of aramid fibres; toxicological data; exposure evaluation in occupational settings; hazard evaluation; preventive measures. (102281)

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CIS 03-1282 Material safety data sheets. (Spanish: Hojas de datos de seguridad de los materiales) Bejarano Jiménez J.E., Protección y seguridad, Mar.-Apr. 2003, Vol.49, No.288, p.31-33. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Decree 1609 of 31 July 2002 regulating the handling and road transport of dangerous substances requires that the product safety data sheets be in compliance with the Columbian technical standard 4435. The Columbian Safety Council has therefore specified a new structure for these safety data sheets, consisting of 16 sections: chemical substance and identification of the producer; composition; hazard identification; first aid measures; measures in the event of fires; measures in the event of spills; handling and storage; control of exposure and personal protection; physical and chemical properties; stability and reactivity; toxicological information; ecotoxicological information; waste disposal; information concerning the transport; regulatory information; other information. (102311)

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CIS 03-1283 Simplified evaluation of chemical hazards in the workplace. (French: Evaluation simplifiée des risques chimiques au travail) Iparraguirre J.F., Mallet G., Rio S., Bonthoux F., Vincent R., Face au risque, Nov. 2003, No.397, p.24-28. Illus. 3 ref. (In French)

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This article presents a simplified method for the evaluation of chemical hazards suited to small and medium enterprises. The first two steps consist of compiling an inventory of the chemicals that are present in the workplace and of ranking the potential hazards from the viewpoint of safety and health, fires and explosions, and the environment. The third step which consists of in-depth evaluations of the hazards and the measures to be implemented for managing the hazards is covered in an other article. (102324)

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CIS 03-1284 Total plasma protein adducts of allergenic hexahydrophthalic and methylhexahydrophthalic anhydrides as biomarkers of long-term exposure. Rosqvist S., Johannesson G., Lindh C.H., Jönsson B.A.G., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 2001, Vol.27, No.2, p.133-139. Illus. 26 ref. (In English)

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of total plasma protein adducts (TPPA) of 2 sensitizing low-molecular-weight allergens, hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA) and methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride (MHHPA), as biomarkers of long-term exposure. Urine samples from occupationally exposed workers were analysed for the levels of urinary metabolites of HHPA and MHHPA, and the levels were used as the index of exposure. In addition, blood samples were obtained from the same persons, and the levels of TPPA were determined. The toxicokinetics of TPPA were also studied to determine the elimination half-time of the adducts. There was a good correlation between the levels of TPPA and the metabolite levels in the urine sampled repeatedly. The in vivo decay of TPPA gave an elimination half-time of 22 days for HHPA and 24 days for MHHPA. TPPA levels of HHPA and MHHPA are excellent biomarkers of long-term exposure to anhydrides. (102410)

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CIS 03-1285 Extension of the interlaboratory programme for the control of the quality of asbestos fibres (PICC-FA) - Statistical protocol for the counting of low concentrations of asbestos fibres. (Spanish: Ampliación del Programa Interlaboratorios de Control de Calidad de Fibras de Amianto (PICC-FA) - Protocolo estadístico para el recuento de fibras de amianto en bajas concentraciones) Arroyo Buezo M.C., Rojo Aparicio J.M., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.27, .35-40. Illus. 7 ref. (In Spanish)

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Laboratories carrying out routine analyses on air samples containing asbestos fibres are often faced with samples with fibre counts lower than that of the reference samples of the PICC-FA programme (Inter-laboratory programme for the control of the quality of asbestos fibres). For this reason, an inter-laboratory test was conducted on samples with low concentrations of asbestos fibres for verifying the reliability of the results. Sixteen laboratories participated in the test, the results of which are published in this article. The results were unsatisfactory for only four laboratories, which however are not involved in the routine analysis of low- concentration samples of asbestos fibres. (102417)

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CIS 03-1286 Passive smoking at the workplace. (French: Tabagisme passif sur les lieux de travail) Hoffmann R., Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.192, p.29-34. 25 ref. (In French)

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On the basis of epidemiological studies and other scientific knowledge, national and international health organizations classify secondary tobacco smoke as being a human carcinogen. It is also associated with heart diseases. Smoking prohibitions at the place of work have been in existence for a long time in Germany. They were justified on the basis of fire and explosion hazard prevention or for reasons of hygiene, and are found in certain technical regulations. However, they were not specifically intended to protect non-smokers. In April 2000, the German parliament petitioned the government to improve the protection of non-smokers at the place of work. A new provision of the German labour code now requires employers to ensure sufficient protection of their non-smoking employees, leaving them however free in the choice of measures to be adopted. (102419)

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CIS 03-1287 Chemicals. Aitio A., Manyele S.V., Bilia M., El-Ata G.A., Nahmias M., Ngowi A.V.F., Odhiambo C.B., Kisamo D.S., Zalk D.M., Lehtinen S., African Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, Dec. 2003, Vol.13, No.3, p.55-75 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ttl.fi/NR/rdonlyres/60DFB1C4-34ED-42C4-878C-CFC3163F4B93/0/Newsletter_303.pdf

Collection of articles on chemical safety of relevance to African countries. Contents: chemical management and occupational health in Tanzania; chemical safety at work in Egypt; study of farmers' knowledge, attitude and experience in the use of pesticides in coffee farming in Tanzania; study of poverty and its impact on safety and health in Kenya; environmental hazards associated with heavy metals in the basin of Lake Victoria, Tanzania; the ICOH and IOHA declaration to strengthen the position of occupational hygiene. (102472)

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CIS 03-1288 Associations of lead biomarkers and delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase and vitamin D receptor genotypes with hematopoietic outcomes in Korean lead workers. Lee S.S., Lee B.K., Lee G.S., Stewart W.S., Simon D., Kelsey K., Todd A.C., Schwartz B.S., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 2001, Vol.27, No.6, p.402-411. Illus. 45 ref. (In English)

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This study compares associations of dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA)-chelatable lead, tibia lead and blood lead with five haematopoietic variables (haemoglobin, haematocrit, zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP), and urinary (ALAU) and plasma (ALAP) δ-aminolevulinic acid) and evaluates the effect of these relations by polymorphisms in the δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) genes. A cross-sectional study of 798 lead workers and 135 unexposed controls was performed. It was found that tibia lead was associated with all five haematopoietic outcomes, while blood lead and DMSA-chelatable lead were associated only with ZPP, ALAP and ALAU. A comparison of the regression coefficients, total model adjusted R2 values, and delta R2 values revealed that blood lead was the best predictor of ZPP, ALAP and ALAU. Only tibia lead was significantly associated with haemoglobin and haematocrit levels. No clear effect modification of the relations between the lead biomarkers and haematopoietic outcomes studied was caused by ALAD or VDR genotype. (102015)

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CIS 03-1289 Malingered neurocognitive dysfunction in neurotoxic exposure: An application of the Slick Criteria. Bianchini K.J., Houston R.J., Greve K.W., Irwin T.R., Black F.W., Swift D.A., Tamimie R.J., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2003, Vol.45, No.10, p.1087-1099. 52 ref. (In English)

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Toxic torts are increasing in the United States and often the results of the neuropsychological evaluation are crucial for defining damages. Therefore, the accurate differentiation of those damaged by toxic exposure from those exaggerating or fabricating deficits is important. However, there is little research on malingering in this context. This article presents the cases of four patients claiming cognitive deficits after apparent occupational neurotoxic exposure who were diagnosed as malingering using the Slick, Sherman and Iverson criteria. This article reviews current knowledge on neurological and neurocognitive effects of toxic substances and its impact on clinical decision-making, discusses the application of the Slick criteria to toxic exposure cases, and proposes a paradigm in which medical, toxicological and neuropsychology professionals can coordinate the evaluation of cases of alleged neurotoxic chemical exposure. (102049)

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CIS 03-1290 Risk of laryngeal cancer by occupational chemical exposure in Turkey. Elci O.C., Akpinar-Elci M., Blair A., Dosemeci M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2003, Vol.45, No.10, p.1100-1106. 49 ref. (In English)

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Laryngeal cancer is the second most common cancer among men in Turkey. In this hospital-based case-control study, the relationship between laryngeal cancer risk and occupational chemical exposures was evaluated. The study population included 940 laryngeal cancer cases and 1519 controls. Occupational history, tobacco and alcohol use and demographic information were obtained by means of a questionnaire. The job and industries were classified by special seven-digit codes. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated based on an exposure matrix for chemicals, including diesel exhaust, gasoline exhaust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), formaldehyde and solvents. An excess of laryngeal cancer occurred with diesel exhaust (OR 1.5), gasoline exhaust (OR 1.6) and PAHs (OR 1.3). There was a dose-response relationship for these substances with supraglottic cancers. However, the PAH association only occurred among those who also had exposure to diesel exhaust. (102050)

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CIS 03-1291 New skin protection formulations. (Spanish: Nuevos preparados de protección cutánea) Klotz A., zur Mühlen A., Veeger M., Prevención, July-Sep. 2003, No.165, p.29-34. Illus. (In Spanish)

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The protective properties of a new multiphase water/oil/water emulsion system were studied, together with its effect on skin irritated with a test solution consisting of 0.5% sodium lauryl sulfate in water. 15 persons were subjected to a repeated irritation patch test under occlusive dressing, with the irritation being then treated either with the new product, with vaseline or with a water/oil emulsion, or not treated at all. The new product showed the best results in terms of protection. Furthermore, it had a positive influence on the regeneration of skin irritated with sodium lauryl sulfate. The product was also tested among 180 employees of three production units of a large engine component manufacturer, who responded to a questionnaire on their use of skincare products. 67% declared regularly using such products, 29% rarely and 4% never. Only 8% of the persons questioned stated that the product they had used previously offered superior protection. The absorptive properties and the propensity for repair were judged very good by 72% of the respondents and good by 90%. 88% expressed the wish to use this novel product again once all the testing would be completed. (102185)

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CIS 03-1292 Municipal waste incinerators: Air and biological monitoring of workers for exposure to particles, metals and organic compounds. Maître A., Collot-Fertey D., Anzivino L., Marques M., Hours M., Stoklov M., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 2003, Vol.60, No.8, p.563-569. 33 ref. (In English)

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In order to evaluate occupational exposure to toxic pollutants at municipal waste incinerators (MWIs), 29 male subjects working near the furnaces in two MWIs and 17 subjects not occupationally exposed to combustion-generated pollutants were studied. Individual air samples were taken throughout the shift, and urine samples were collected before and after. Stationary air samples were taken near potential sources of emission. It was found that atmospheric exposure levels to particles and metals were 10-100 times higher in MWls than at the control site. However, occupational exposure did not result in the infringement of any occupational threshold limit value. The main exposure sources were cleaning operations for particles, and residue transfer and disposal operations for metals. MWI workers were not exposed to higher levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons than workers who are routinely in contact with vehicle exhaust. The air concentrations of volatile organic compounds and aldehydes were low and did not appear to pose any significant threat to human health. (102038)

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CIS 03-1293 Hazardous wastes management - Scenario in India. Raghupathy L., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.84-90. (In English)

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The Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules 1989 were promulgated under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 and amended in 2000. The main objective of these regulations was to establish a control mechanism for the generation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of hazardous wastes and to prevent the import of hazardous waste. This article presents the current situation in India with respect to hazardous waste management. The Indian regulatory framework on recycling and waste disposal is summarized, including rules applicable to bio-medical waste and lead batteries. The Indian perspective concerning the Basel convention on the control of trans-boundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal is discussed. (102387)

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CIS 03-1294 Integrated hazardous waste management facility in TTC industrial area. Garg R.K., Sahu A.K., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.96-98. (In English)

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This article describes a common hazardous waste management facility presently under construction in an industrial area near Mumbai, India. The facility is owned by an association of industries formed for this purpose, and is partly funded by several government bodies. It will initially handle approximately 10,000 tons of hazardous waste per year. Some of the general problems concerning hazardous waste disposal in India are discussed. (102388)

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CIS 03-1295 Used battery waste processing: A study in specialized undertakings. (French: Traitement des déchets des piles et accumulateurs usagés - Enquête dans des entreprises spécialisées) Peltier A., Elcabache J.M., Cahiers de notes documentaires - Hygiène et sécurité du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.192, p.5-19. Illus. 11 ref. (In French)

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Occupational exposures of 380 workers in fifteen enterprises specialized in the recycling of electrochemical batteries was evaluated. The survey shows that there is a high risk of lead exposure during the shredding and melting of lead batteries, a potential risk of mercury poisoning during pyrometallurgical processing, and that during the treatment of Ni-Cd batteries, air purification is not effective. The constant wearing of air purifying respirators is a measure that must remain temporary. Cadmium smoke and dust emissions need to be captured at the source. Appendices include schedules of occupational diseases caused by lead, mercury, cadmium and their compounds. (102418)

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CIS 03-1296 Amphibole fibres in Chinese chrysotile asbestos. Tossavainen A., Kotilainen M., Takahashi K., Pan G., Vanhala E., Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Mar. 2001, Vol.45, No.2, p.145-152. Illus. 36 ref. (In English)

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Ten chrysotile bulk samples originating from six Chinese chrysotile mines were studied for amphibole fibres. The asbestos fibre content in lung tissue from seven deceased workers of the Shenyang asbestos plant was also examined. The bulk samples were pretreated with acid/alkali-digestion, and thereafter, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microanalysis, selected area electron diffraction and X-ray powder diffractometry were used to identify the minerals. The amphibole asbestos contents were between 0.002 and 0.310 w-%. Tremolite fibres were detected in every sample but anthophyllite fibres were present only in the sample originating from the dolomite-hosted deposit. In comparison, anthophyllite (71%), tremolite (9%) and chrysotile (10%) were the main fibre types in the lung tissue samples indicating faster pulmonary clearance of chrysotile fibres. The total levels ranged from 2.4 to 148.3 million fibres (over 1µm) per gram of dry tissue, and they were consistent with heavy occupational exposure to asbestos. (102403)

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CIS 03-1297 Lead exposure in radiator repair workers: A survey of Washington State radiator repair shops and review of occupational lead exposure registry data. Whittaker S.G., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.45, No.7, p.724-733. Illus. 17 ref. (In English)

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The goals of this study were to determine the number of radiator repair workers potentially exposed to lead in the state of Washington, estimate the extent of blood lead data underreporting, describe current safety and health practices in radiator repair shops and determine appropriate intervention strategies to reduce exposure and increase employer and worker awareness. Lead exposure in Washington radiator repair workers was assessed by reviewing data from the state's official blood lead reporting registry and by conducting a statewide survey of radiator repair businesses. This study revealed that 226 workers in Washington (including owner-operators and all employees) conduct repair activities that could potentially result in excessive exposures to lead. Only 26% of radiator repair workers with elevated blood lead levels (≥25µg/dL) reported to the state's Registry. This study also revealed a lack of awareness of the health effects of lead, appropriate industrial hygiene controls and the requirements of the Lead Standard. (102045)

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CIS 03-1298 Dermal exposure to chemical substances - Quantitative study in automobile paint shops. (Spanish: Exposición dérmica a sustancias químicas - Estudio cuantitativo en talleres de pintura de coches) Delgado Cobos P., Porcel Muñoz J., Abril Muñoz I., Torres Prieto N., Terán Rodríguez A., Zugasti Makazaga A., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.27, p.26-33. Illus. 12 ref. (In Spanish)

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Following a review of the various forms of dermal exposure and the key factors involved in the skin absorption of chemical substances, this article presents the results of a quantitative study on skin exposure carried out in automobile paint shops. Exposures were determined for the various tasks including filling the spray gun, spraying and spray gun cleaning. Hand exposures are much higher during spray gun filling and cleaning than during spraying (920 and 926mg/h as compared to 159mg/h). Body exposure is higher during spraying than during spray gun cleaning; during both of these tasks, the lower extremities are the most exposed. (102416)

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CIS 03-1299 Emergency card and emergency plan for the transport of dangerous substances [Colombia]. (Spanish: Tarjeta de emergencia y plan de contingencia en el transporte de mercancías peligrosas) Casas Reyes J.V., García Perdomo G., Protección y seguridad, Mar.-Apr. 2003, Vol.49, No.288, p.61-68. Illus. (In Spanish)

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On 1 August 2003, new regulations on the transport and the handling of dangerous substances came into effect in Colombia, concerning more specifically the emergency card and the emergency plan. This article specifies the responsibilities of the shipper or their forwarding agent, the consignee and the vehicle driver. It describes the emergency card and emergency plan, and explains what information they need to contain. The various levels (end point, regional, national, international) to which the emergency plans have to be applicable as a function of the importance of the accident are also specified. (102313)

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CIS 03-1300 Information on chemical hazards in Europe. Current situation. (Spanish: La información del riesgo químico en Europa. Estado de la cuestión) Guardino Solá X., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.27, p.4-14. Illus. (In Spanish)

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This article highlights the current gaps in European Union policies with respect to information on the hazards from chemical substances, as well as the new objectives aimed at correcting the situation. The European Commission had published a white paper on chemical substances that presented a strategy for future policies concerning chemicals, aimed at protecting public health and the environment, reinforcing the internal market and competitiveness and improving transparency. The proposed strategy was subsequently transposed into the REACH system which consists of proposed regulations for the registration, evaluation and approval of chemical substances. The REACH approach, the obligations and responsibilities it confers to producers and the timing for its implementation are briefly described. (102414)

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CIS 03-1301 Nitrosoamine hazards in the rubber industry. (Polish: Zagrożenia nitrozoaminami na stanowiskach pracy w przemyśle gumowym) Domański W., Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Apr. 2003, No.4 (381), p.20-22. 7 ref. (In Polish)

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The paper lists sources of N-nitrosamines and their precursors in rubber products. Determinations were made at 150 workplaces in several rubber enterprises. They showed that N-nitrosamines were present in two thirds of the workplaces surveyed. N-nitroso dimethylamine (NDMA), N-nitroso methyl ethyl amine (NMEA), N-nitroso diethylamine (NDEA) and N-nitroso piperidine (NPIP) were the most frequent products detected in workplace air. In half of the tested samples the concentration of N-nitrosamines did not exceed 1µg/m3. (102434)

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CIS 03-1302 Cleaning and disinfection in the food and beverage industry: Evaluation of exposure to chemical pollutants. (French: Nettoyage et désinfection dans l'industrie agroalimentaire: évaluation des expositions aux polluants chimiques) Héry M., Binet S., Gagnaire F., Gérardin F., Hecht G., Massin N., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.95, p.333-350. Illus. 19 ref. (In French)

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This article reviews cleaning agents and disinfectants used in the food and beverage industry, and discusses toxicology, health hazards, exposure evaluation and preventive measures. Contents: products used; sampling and analysis of chloramines, hydrogen peroxide, peracetic acid and quaternary ammonium salts; toxicological studies; epidemiological study; occupational exposure evaluation; intervention of the French National Research and Safety Institute (INRS) in premises for washing fresh vegetables with the resulting installation of a stripping tower for lowering the concentration of chloramines in workplace air. (102283)

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CIS 03-1303 Allergen and dust exposure as determinants of work-related symptoms and sensitization in a cohort of flour-exposed workers: A case-control analysis. Cullinan P., Cook A., Nieuwenhuijsen M.J., Sandiford C., Tee R.D., Venables K.M., McDonald J.C., Newman Taylor A.J., Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Mar. 2001, Vol.45, No.2, p. 97-103. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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The aim of the study was to estimate the incidence of specific IgE sensitization and allergic respiratory symptoms among bakery and flour mill workers in the United Kingdom and to examine the roles of flour aeroallergen and total dust exposures in determining these outcomes. A cohort of 300 new employees, without previous occupational exposure to flour, were followed for a median of 40 (1-91) months. Cases defined as those developing work-related symptoms or a positive skin prick test to flour or α-amylase during follow up were compared with controls. Exposures to flour aeroallergen and total inhalable dust were estimated using a questionnaire and personal sampling techniques. Incidence rates for work-related eye/nose and chest symptoms were 11.8 and 4.1 cases per 100 persons years (py), respectively. Fewer employees developed positive prick tests to flour (2.2 cases per 100py) or α-amylase (2.5 cases per 100py). Although average dust exposures were within current occupational standards, the risks of development of upper and lower respiratory symptoms and of specific sensitization were clearly related to total dust and/or flour aeroallergen exposure. (102401)

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CIS 03-1304 Wood dust exposure in the Danish furniture industry using conventional and passive monitors. Schlünssen V., Vinzents P.S., Mikkelsen A.B., Schaumburg I., Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Mar. 2001, Vol.45, No.2, p. 157-164. Illus. 32 ref. (In English)

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A cross-sectional study of wood dust exposure was performed at furniture factories in a Danish county. Dust exposure was measured with passive dust monitors and measurements were calibrated against active sampling on filters, the aim being to compare passive monitor measurements with traditional filter method measurements. The results were not significantly different for equivalent concentrations of inhalable dust and total dust. The parameters of the distribution of equivalent concentration of inhalable dust were 0.94mg/m3 (geometric mean) and 2.10 (geometric standard deviation). Compared with a national cross sectional study from 1988, the exposure level (geometric mean) was reduced by a factor of two. (102404)

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CIS 03-1305 Nasal lavage fluid examination in diagnostics of occupational allergy to chloramine. Pałczyński C., Walusiak J., Krakowiak A., Szymczak W., Wittczak T., Ruta U., Górski P., International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, 2003, Vol.16, No.3, p.231-240. Illus. 26 ref. (In English)

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Chloramine T is a known sensitizing agent in the occupational environment of health care workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the nasal challenge test in diagnostics of respiratory allergy to chloramine T. The study was conducted in six subjects with chloramine T asthma and rhinitis. Two control groups comprised seven atopic subjects with asthma and rhinitis and six healthy persons. All controls had negative results of prick tests with chloramine T and none displayed any respiratory symptoms under exposure to the agent. A "nasal pool" technique was used to evaluate morphological and biochemical parameters in nasal washings before and 30min, 4h and 24h after the provocation with chloramine T and placebo. A significant increase was found in the total count and percentage of eosinophils and basophils, albumin, tryptase and eosinophil cationic proteins in the nasal lavage fluid from patients with chloramine T respiratory allergy when compared to both control groups. The results indicate the applicability of the "nasal pool" technique as a diagnostic procedure in chloramine T-induced airway allergy. (102039)

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CIS 03-1306 Risk assessment of inhaled particles using a physiologically based mechanistic model. Tran C.K., Miller B.G., Jones A.D., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 47p. Illus. 36 ref. Price: GBP 10.00., ISBN 0-7176-2721-7 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr141.pdf

There is a need in biological research to minimize the use of animal experimentation, but procedures to set exposure limits via the concept of the "No Observed Adverse Effect Level" (NOAEL) have traditionally needed large numbers of animals. Dynamic modelling is proposed as an alternative method. A modelling structure that uses Monte Carlo simulation to introduce random variation into the parameters of these models was developed, in order to simulate the behaviour a population with inter-individual variation. This approach to a mathematical model was then applied describing the deposition, retention and clearance in the lung of a poorly soluble dust of low toxicity (TiO2), and inflammation resulting from the presence of the dust. Population variation (either animal or human) was simulated by generating 1000 variable instances of the key parameter sets. Predictions of lung burden, lymph node dust burden and recruitment of the inflammatory neutorphils were found to be most strongly influenced by individual breathing rates, and variation was close to linear in all the important parameters. (102428)

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CIS 03-1307 Quantitative differences in xenobiotic metabolism between experimental animals and humans. (German: Quantitative Unterschiede im Fremdstoffmetabolismus zwischen Versuchstier und Mensch) Griem P., Hassauer M., Kalberlah F., Oltmanns J., Scheibner J., Schneider K., Schuhmacher-Wolz U., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 417p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: EUR 33.00 + CD-ROM., ISBN 3-89701-890-X (In German)

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Differences in the xenobiotic metabolism between experimental animals and humans are important for the hazard evaluation of harmful substances. In this project, in vitro data on inter- and intra-species comparison in relationship to the activity of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in humans, rats and mice were searched in the published literature for the target organs liver, kidney and the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. The data were analysed and collected in a data base. For the intraspecies evaluation, differences the in vitro data on enzyme activity were analysed by age, sex, strain (for experimental animals) and race (for humans), genetic polymorphisms (phenotype) as well as individual differences. To assess the relevance of intraspecies variability observed in the liver in vitro for the metabolism in vivo, projections from the in vitro data to the hepatic clearance in vivo within one species were carried out using an empirical (dispersion) model. 1286 datasets were included in the data base. The analysis of these datasets provides information on individual enzyme-substrate-complexes, enabling conclusions to be drawn regarding species and intraspecies differences for individual enzymes in the organ considered and allowing a re-evaluation of concepts for interspecies extrapolation. (102024)

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CIS 03-1308 Impact and implementation of the Finnish Tobacco Act in workplaces. Heloma A., Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Publication Office, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 2003. 62p. Illus. 165 ref., ISBN 951-802-536-3 (In English)

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This report, originally a thesis submitted at the Tampere School of Public Health (Finland), presents a study aimed at describing the baseline situation of employee exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and employee smoking habits before the 1994 revision of the Finnish Tobacco Act and to evaluating the impact and the implementation of the legislation in large and medium-sized workplaces both short-term and long term. Data were collected by the means of questionnaires, nicotine measurements in indoor air and a field study. The results showed a clear decrease in employee exposure to ETS in workplaces one year after the legislation took effect. The nicotine concentrations in indoor air were consistent with the decreasing trend of ETS exposure of employees. In the four-year follow up, a steadily-reducing exposure of employees was observed. The daily smoking prevalence had decreased considerably after the law was implemented and remained low, but it did not decrease any further than the initial drop following the enforcement of the law. A literature review of the tobacco epidemic and smoking prevalence is also presented in this report. (102137)

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CIS 03-1309 Quantification of biological variability with the help of modelling - Preparation of a guide on the strategy of biological monitoring of exposure. (French: Quantification de la variabilité biologique à l'aide de la modélisation - Elaboration d'un guide de stratégie pour la surveillance biologique de l'exposition) Truchon G., Tardif R., Droz P.O., Charest-Tardif G., Pierrehumbert G., Drolet D., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. iv, 85p. Illus. 137 ref. Price: CAD 8.00., ISBN 2-551-21810-1 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-337.pdf

Various characteristics that depend on individual persons, contaminants, tasks and work environment can result in important differences in the levels of biological indicators measured. The objective of this study was to quantify the impact of some of these factors on the values of biological indicators of exposure. It involved a literature review and mathematical modelling. It was found that in the case of organic solvents, the most important factor was physical workload which gives rise to increased alveolar ventilation and increased substance absorption. Other factors include individual metabolic capacity, age, sex, state of heath and food habits. (102195)

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CIS 03-1310 Exploratory development of an approach for the evaluation of amines in the workplace environment and identification of the industrial processes that use these substances. (French: Développement exploratoire d'une approche pour l'évaluation des amines en milieu de travail et documentation des procédés industriels utilisant ces substances) Ostiguy C., Tranchand S., Lesage J., Huu V.T., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. 44p. Illus. 27 ref. Price: CAD 7.49., ISBN 2-551-21819-5 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-338.pdf

The first part of this report presents an inventory of the main amines used in industry in the Province of Quebec and to estimate the quantities consumed. The most frequently-used products include 2-amino ethanol, diethanolamine, diethylene triamine and morpholine. The second part of the report describes a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis method that allows the simultaneous detection of various classes of amines in the vapour phase. This method requires further testing with a broader range of amines and further validation in occupational settings. It could then constitute a simple method for evaluating occupational exposure to amines. (102196)

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CIS 03-1311 Environmental risk assessment of difficult substances. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, June 2003. 109p. Illus. 181 ref. (In English)

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Experience has shown that certain substances have properties that complicate the assessment of exposure and effects. Such substances are often referred to as "difficult substances". The properties or attributes of "difficult substances" have been analysed in relation to the problems arising from the assessment of the effects and/or exposure. This report specifically addresses the risk assessment of substances with the following properties: unstable and highly reactive; poorly water soluble; sorptive; surface active; volatile; naturally occurring, essential and multi-ionic elements. Some substances display more than one of these characteristics and thus, no single property should be considered in isolation. A holistic approach should be applied when conducting a risk assessment for a "difficult substance', taking into account the influence of all properties or attributes. (102280)

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CIS 03-1312 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 62. Ergänzungslieferung, May 2003. 236p. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-19716-1 (In German)

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Update to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for the analysis of process gases (see CIS 90-955). Contents: updates of analytical methods and several laws, ordinances and technical rules on dangerous substances, biological substances and protection against immissions; directory of European standards for the implementation of directive 94/9/CE; national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants (2001/81/CE). (102310)

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CIS 03-1313 Evaluation and further development of the EASE model 2.0. Cherrie J.W., Tickner J., Friar J., Creely K.S., Soutar A.J., Hughson G., Rae R., Warren N.D., Pryde D.E., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 127p. Illus. 66 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2714-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr136.pdf

This study examines the underlying structure and philosophy of the Estimation and Assessment of Substance Exposure (EASE) model version 2.0, developed by the HSE. EASE is used by regulators for assessing new and existing substances. The report provides a critical assessment of the utility of its performance to date. Basic information was firstly gathered by interviewing personnel involved in its creation and development. Next, 27 stakeholders participated in structured interviews on issues such as the limitations of the model, suggestions for improvement, accuracy and precision. The report outlines recommendations for the structure of a revised exposure model. (102424)

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CIS 03-1314 Determination of air pollution by using passive dosimeters. (Polish: Oznaczanie gazowych zanieczyszczeń powietrza za pomocą dozymetrów pasywnych) Kalina A., Krochmal D., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1999. 181p. Illus. 261 ref., ISBN 83-87354-71-6 (In Polish)

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This monograph describes passive methods of sampling pollutants in air. It contains general and theoretical data concerning the processes and mechanisms involved in the propagation and the level of chemical pollution. (102437)

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CIS 03-1315 Practical guide to chemical hazards. (French: Guide pratique du risque chimique) Mouysset P., Les éditions d'ergonomie, B.P. 138, 13267 Marseille Cedex 08, France, 2003. 245p. Illus. Price: EUR 40.00., ISBN 2-908191-28-8 (In French)

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This practical guide addresses all aspects of chemical hazards based on physical, chemical, toxicological and ecotoxicological data. Contents: prevention and protection; chemistry (definition, elements and compounds, inorganic and organic chemistry); chemical hazards; classification of chemical substances; hazardous locations; other hazards (cryogenic and pressurized fluids, mechanical and electrical hazards, radiation, biological hazards); prevention; management of chemical substances and chemical wastes; procedures to be followed in the event of dangerous situations. (102490)

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CIS 03-1316 Cellular aspects of occupational asthma: Immunological studies in isocyanate exposed subjects. Jones M., Cullinan P., Durham S., Newman Taylor A., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. ix, 84p. Illus. 44 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-2700-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr122.pdf

The cellular and molecular mechanisms that induce asthma due to expsoure to low molecular weight chemicals are not fully understood. The aim of this project was to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of low molecular weight chemical haptens and in particular isocyanates. The study was carried out among occupational asthma patients in a university hospital, and involved bronchoscopy, specific IgE and T-cell studies. It was found that there was a lack of local IgE and IL-4 production in the lungs following challenge in patients allergic to isocyanates, which parallels the lack of detectable specific IgE in the serum of the majority of patients with isocyanate-induced asthma. There was, however, evidence of local tissue eosinophilia and IL-5 production. These findings suggest that isocyanate induced asthma in humans is a Th2 type response in which IgE does not have an obligatory role. (102122)

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CIS 03-1317 Research into the genetic and oxidative damage resulting from exposure to hexavalent chromium compounds. (Korean: Gumsok whahap mule ei han youjun jeok mit sanwha jeok sonsang yeon gu) Maeng S.H., Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, Dec. 2001. 40p. Illus. 49 ref. (In Korean)

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This report describes research carried out on biological and genetic toxicity indices in relationship to cancers caused by exposure to Cr6+ used in the stainless steel welding, plating, casting and metal product manufacturing processes. White rats were used to measure the genetic and oxidative damage occurring after exposure to Cr6+. Chromium concentrations inside the inhalation chamber and in the blood and urine of the experimental animals were also measured in order to establish their relationship with the toxicity indices. (102448)

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CIS 03-1318 Pesticide incidents - Report 1 April 2002 - 31 March 2003. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. 27p. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/fod/pir0203.pdf

This report provides information on incidents involving pesticides investigated by the Field Operations Directorate of the UK Health and Safety Executive between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003. 215 incidents were reported; 60 complaints alleged ill health, while 155 involved other issues to do with pesticide use. Compared to 2001/2002, there is an increase of 48 incidents; there was also an increase of 9% compared to the average of the previous ten years . Trends in the nature of the incidents and types of pesticides used are presented, and five case studies of specific incidents are summarized. (102104)

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CIS 03-1319 Research into the toxic substances to which transportation workers are exposed and the development of health management programmes. (Korean: Woon soo up gunroja ei youhae yoin nochul siltae mit kunkang kwan ri bang an kae balul wi han youn gu) Park J.S., Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2002. 116p. Illus. 52 ref. (In Korean)

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This report presents research activities carried out to promote effective health management and medical supervision programmes for workers in the road transport sector. The project involved examining the health of professional drivers and investigating harmful physical and chemical agents at workplaces in order to propose the implementation of suitable health management programmes. It was found that the most frequent diseases among professional drivers in the Republic of Korea were hypertension, heart disease, liver diseases, diabetes and other chronic diseases. The table of contents includes: introduction; medical surveys; exposure to toxic substances during work; health management and working condition surveys; summary and recommendations. (102444)

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CIS 03-1320 Development of hazard evaluation techniques for laboratories. (Korean: Sil heomsil ei wihum sung pyoung ga kibup gae bal) Lee G.W., Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, 2002. 100p. Illus. 6 ref. (In Korean)

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This report presents the results of research on methods for checking and controlling potential hazards due to chemicals in laboratories, and for developing hazard evaluation techniques. The approach was based on case studies addressing the following aspects of the project: supply of information on the potential hazards of chemicals; laboratory tasks requiring the use of personal protective equipment; hazard evaluation methods; development of laboratory safety and health check lists to verify hazards; development of evaluation sheets and hazard evaluation criteria; presentation of the laboratory hazards evaluation methodology; further case studies. (102450)

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CIS 03-1321 Respirable crystalline silica - Phase 1 - Variability in fibrogenic potency and exposure-response relationships for silicosis - Hazard assessment document. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2002. vi, 80p. 54 ref. Price: GBP 7.50., ISBN 0-7176-2374-2 (In English)

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Based on a literature survey, this report discusses the factors that influence the fibrogenic potency (ability to cause silicosis) of crystalline silica and the dose-response relationships for the development of silicosis. The analysis presented in this report reveals that there are a number of uncertainties and information gaps relating to these issues, including potential changes in the surface chemistry of crystalline silica particles following long-term residence in the lungs, and the possible toxicological consequences of such changes. However, the evidence presented clearly shows that all forms of respirable silica dust of occupational relevance have the potential to cause silicosis. The importance of the following factors are discussed: crystalline silica type; presence or otherwise of other minerals; number, size and surface area of the particles; freshly-milled silica surfaces as opposed to aged surfaces. (102059)

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CIS 03-1322 Building air quality - Action plan. Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, June 1998. 31p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/98-123a.html

Designed to be used in conjunction with the publication entitled "Building air quality - A guide for building owners and facility managers" (see CIS 92-423), this manual enables building owners and facility managers to develop an action plan for improving indoor air quality (IAQ). The eight-step process involves: designating an IAQ manager; developing the IAQ profile of the building; addressing existing and potential IAQ problems; educating building staff about IAQ; developing a plan for facility operations and maintenance; managing processes with potentially-significant pollution sources; communicating with occupants on the importance of their role in maintaining good IAQ; establishing procedures for responding to IAQ complaints. A check-list for assisting building management in verifying the implementation of the action plan is included. (102144)

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CIS 03-1323 Vanadium and its inorganic compounds - Risk assessment document. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2002. vi, 109p. 86 ref. Price: GBP 10.00., ISBN 0-7176-1845-5 (In English)

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Main conclusions of this risk assessment document: little information is available on the effects of vanadium and its compounds in humans. Animal studies indicate that toxicity tends to increase with oxidation state, the inhalation toxicity being classed toxic and harmful for pentavalent and tetravalent vanadium, respectively, based on studies on rats. A single study available on human volunteers indicated delayed bronchial effects after 8h exposures. There are reports of wheeze and dyspnoea among workers exposed to vanadium pentoxide dust and fume. Vanadium compounds do not produce gene mutations in standard in vitro tests, although there are indications of chromosome damage in in vivo somatic mammalian cells. There are no conclusive data on carcinogenicity. Animal studies indicate little or no reproductive effects. (102057)

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CIS 03-1324 Acetic anhydride - Risk assessment document. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2002. vi, 58p. Illus. 30 ref. Price: GBP 10.00., ISBN 0-7176-2364-5 (In English)

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Main conclusions of this risk assessment document: acetic anhydride has acute inhalation toxicity. An accidental exposure to high airborne concentrations resulted in severe lung damage, leading to death. On the basis of animal studies, acetic anhydride is classified toxic by inhalation and harmful by ingestion. Animal studies indicate that the substance is a severe skin and eye irritant, although its sensitizing potential is considered low. There are no data on carcinogenicity. Studies in vitro and in vivo indicate a low genotoxic potential. There are no indications of reproductive or developmental toxicity from animal studies. (102058)

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CIS 03-1325 Chemical carcinogens. (Dutch: Kankerverwekkende chemische agentia; French: Agents chimiques cancérogènes) De Lange H., Van der Steen M., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1995. 36p. Illus. 53 ref., ISBN 2-87112-031-5 (fr), ISBN 90-70902-31-1 (nl) (In Dutch, French)

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Guidance document to Belgian and European Union legislation concerning chemical carcinogens. Contents: survey of Belgian and European legislation (generalities, preventive measures, medical supervision of workers); evaluation of carcinogenic risk; examples (activities and occupations at risk of exposure, particular case of laboratories using carcinogenic substances). In annex: various lists of carcinogenic substances from the EEC, Belgium and IARC; role of chemical safety data sheets; sample hazard labels; list of recommended replacement substances for carcinogens. (102077)

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CIS 03-1326 Glycol ethers. (French: Les éthers de glycol) Laudet-Hesbert A., Lefevre B., Mahieu C., Triolet J., Dornier G., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Feb. 2002. 4p. Illus. 10 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.inrs.fr/htm/les_ethers_de_glycol.html

Despite being present in numerous industrial environments, certain glycol ethers are nonetheless hazardous. By proving an overview of the physical and chemical properties of glycol ethers, their risks to health and the existing regulatory measures for managing these risks, the objective of this information sheet is to present the knowledge required for good risk management in a concise form. Contents: chemical structures, properties and uses of glycol ethers; animal experiments; risks to humans (routes of exposure, toxicology, results of epidemiological studies); protective measures. The classification of the main glycol ethers according to Directive 67/548/EEC (see CIS 92-23) as well as the average exposure limit values are presented in tabular form. Boxes include a glossary of the common abbreviations of the main glycol ethers, as well as research and publications of the INRS. (102216)

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CIS 03-1327 Man-made mineral fibres and other non-asbestos fibres (I): Toxicology and classification. (Spanish: Fibras minerales artificiales y otras fibras diferentes del amianto (I): toxicología y clasificación) Arroyo Buezo M.C., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 5p. Illus. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_641.htm

This information note describes the characteristics of man-made mineral fibres (glass fibre, rock wool, slag wool, refractory ceramic fibres), as well as of fibres other than asbestos. Contents: definition and characteristics of respirable fibres; fibres used in industry; man-made mineral fibres; epidemiological and toxicological data on fibres other than asbestos (carcinogenic effects, biological effects); toxicity criteria (breathability, biopersistence); classification of man-made mineral fibres according to European and Spanish provisions concerning dangerous substances. Evaluation methods applicable to man-made mineral fibres are presented in the note NTP 642 (see CIS 03-1328). (102466)

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CIS 03-1328 Man-made mineral fibres and other non-asbestos fibres (II): Assessment and control. (Spanish: Fibras minerales artificiales y otras fibras diferentes del amianto (II): evaluación y control) Arroyo Buezo M.C., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 5p. Illus. 16 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_642.htm

This information note describes methods for evaluating exposure to man-made mineral fibres. Contents: threshold limit values for occupational exposure to non-asbestos fibres; methods for evaluating exposure to man-made mineral fibres in the work environment (fibre counts, measurement of concentration by weight, determination of crystalline silica, qualitative analyses); provisions applicable to working with non-asbestos fibres; recommendations for working with non-asbestos fibres (recommendations of manufacturers, ILO codes of practice, general preventive measures). The characteristics of man-made mineral fibres (glass fibre, rock wool, slag wool, refractory ceramic fibres) as well as other non-asbestos fibres are described in the note NTP 641 (see CIS 03-1327). (102467)

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CIS 03-1329 Gloves against chemical hazards. (French: Des gants contre les risques chimiques) Boust C., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris cedex 14, France, Oct. 2003. 4p. Illus. 2 ref. (In French)

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There are constant risks in many workplaces from burns, skin diseases, skin irritation and even poisoning through skin absorption. Consequently, the use of protective gloves plays an important role in overall prevention efforts. This safety information sheet recalls a few basic definitions and provides the key elements enabling persons responsible for prescribing the use of these gloves or for their purchase to make effective use of the information provided by manufacturers. Contents: types of gloves (thickness, shape, composition); resistance criteria; hazard evaluation and constraints of the job; selection of appropriate gloves; glove use and care. (102288)

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CIS 03-1330 International code of conduct on the distribution and use of pesticides. (Arabic: Mudawanna al-sulūk al-duwalīya (an tauzī( al-mubīdāt wa isti(malihā; Chinese: Guoji nongyao gong-xiao yu shiyong xingwei shouze; French: Code international de conduite pour la distribution et l'utilisation des pesticides; Spanish: Código Internacional de Conducta para la Distribución y Utilización de Plaguicidas) FAO Information Division, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy, rev.ed., 2003. 36p. 50 ref. Price: USD 8.00., ISBN 92-5-104914-9 (En) (In Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/FAOINFO/AGRICULT/AGP/AGPP/Pesticid/Code/PM_Code.htm

This revised version of the international code (for previous version, see CIS 91-1980) is the worldwide guidance document on pesticide management for all public and private entities engaged in, or associated with, the distribution and use of pesticides. It covers: objectives; definitions; pesticide management; testing of pesticides; reducing health and environmental risks; regulatory and technical requirements; availability and use; distribution and trade; information exchange; labelling, packaging, storage and disposal; advertising; monitoring and observance of the Code. In appendices: international policy instruments related to the Code and text of the FAO Council Resolution 1/123. (102102)

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CIS 03-1331 Safe use of solvent degreasing plant. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Mar. 2003. 6p. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/eis40.pdf

This information sheet summarizes the main precautions required when carrying out solvent degreasing. It is intended to assist enterprises using organic solvents (including trichloroethylene) as well as those using replacement solvents in the same equipment or having made modifications to the equipment that previously used trichloroethylene.The emphasis is on open, manually-operated degreasing tanks, which have the greatest potential for causing over-exposure. Contents: COSHH regulations 2002 (see CIS 03-1023); environmental legislation, including the Solvent Emissions Directive (see CIS 03-1028); substitution of trichloroethylene; good operational practices; solvent management; measurement of emission and exposure; frequency of sampling. (102142)

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CIS 03-1332 Health risks during furniture stripping using dichloromethane (DCM). Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2001. 4p. Illus. 13 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/wis19.pdf

This information sheet is concerned with the use of dichloromethane (DCM) as a paint stripper for wood. Contents include: DCM paint stripping process; health hazards; legal duties of employers; preventing and controlling exposure; special precautions during brush application and use of a dip tank; protective equipment; air sampling; risks for customers; dealing with spills; welfare facilities. Replaces CIS 00-1417. (102143)

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CIS 03-1333 Specifications relative to the legislation on dangerous substances. (German: Pflichtenheft Gefahrenstoffrecht) Schünemann J., Lenz K., ecomed SICHERHEIT, ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG., Justus- von-Liebig-Straße 1, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 2003. 133p. Illus. Index. Price: EUR 16.80., ISBN 3-609-67660-4 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ecomed-sicherheit.de/sicherheit/shop/artikeldetail.php?isbn=3-609-676
   …60&order_nr=670660

This guide specifies the various responsibilities defined in the Ordinance on Dangerous Substances (see CIS 86-1911) and other regulations that apply to these substances. Contents: overview of the legal basis of legislation on dangerous substances; conditions for the delegation of responsibilities subject to dangerous substances legislation; responsibilities according to the Ordinance, the laws on the protection of mothers, the protection of young workers and teleworking; breach of legislation; description of the various responsibilities with references to legislation, with corresponding penalties in case of breach. (102307)

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CIS 03-1334 Documentation of the TLVs and BEIs with other worldwide occupational exposure values - CD-ROM - 2003, Network version. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH),1330 Kemper Meadow Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45240, USA. 2003. CD-ROM for Windows, requiring Microsoft Access 97 or more recent. Price: USD 3500.00., ISBN 1-882417-44-5 (In English)

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This CD-ROM contains the database and associated documentation of the 2001 editions of the threshold limit values (TLVs) and biological exposure indices (BEIs), together with the 2002 and 2003 supplements. The database contains not only the ACGIH TLVs for chemical substances, but also occupational exposure limit values from an additional 31 countries or agencies. In addition, the carcinogenicity classifications by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the U.S. National Toxicology Program (NTP) are included. (102147)

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CIS 03-1335 Brazilian chemicals management profile 2003. (Portuguese: Perfil nacional da gestão de substâncias químicas; Spanish: Perfil nacional de la gestión de substancias químicas) Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Comissão Nacional de Segurança Química (CONASQ), Brazil, 2003. English version: 264p. Illus.; Kit containing 1 CD-ROM; 45p. Illus. (Executive summary); 97p. Illus. (Fact sheets). (In English, Portuguese, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.mma.gov.br/sqa/copasq/doc/en/perfil.pdf
http://www.mma.gov.br/sqa/copasq/doc/ep/perfil.pdf
http://www.mma.gov.br/sqa/copasq/doc/pt/perfil.pdf

One of the priorities of the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety (FISQ) is that each country prepare a national profile for evaluating the capability to manage chemicals at the country level. The Brazilian Commission for chemical safety (CONASQ) has prepared this document which consists of an evaluation of Brazilian infrastructure for the management of chemicals. Contents: the Brazilian information context; production, exports, imports and consumption of products; priority areas of concern with respect to the production, sale and use of chemicals; legal provisions; ministries, commissions and other competent bodies; access to data and databases; technical infrastructure; Brazil in the international chemical safety context; awareness and understanding on the part of workers and the general public. The pack includes a CD-ROM containing various documents in PDF format, in three languages (Portuguese, English and Spanish), in particular the complete profile, as well as two trilingual brochures, one containing the executive summary, the other with information sheets on the institutions that are members of CONASQ. (102462)

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[ Top of page ]

006 Fires, explosions and major hazards

CIS 03-1336 Comparative analysis of the main methods for evaluating fire hazards. (Spanish: Análisis comparativo de los principales métodos de evaluación del riesgo de incendio) Fuertes Peña J., Rubio Romero J.C., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.25, p.12-17. Illus. 17 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article summarizes the characteristics of eight methods for evaluating fire hazards (K coefficient and ALPHA factors method, Edwin E. Smith and G.A. Herpol method, intrinsic risk method, Meseri method, Gustav Purt method, Gretener method, ERIC method, FRAM method), and discusses the conclusions drawn from applying six of these methods to a real case. It turns out that it is difficult make global, unique and definite evaluations of the fire hazard, which is why different methods are available. The choice of one or another of the methods should be made according to the specified requirements and the objectives defined. (102317)

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CIS 03-1337 Fire prevention and protection at the plant level. Prasad R., Industrial Safety Chronicle, Oct.-Dec. 2002, Vol.XXXIII, No.3, p.68-74. Illus. (In English)

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This article presents the fire prevention efforts undertaken by a major oil products supplier in India, in particular during the design, construction and operation of oil refineries. A box includes the company's safety, health and environmental policy. (102386)

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CIS 03-1338 Evaluation of the environmental consequences of major accidents (Seveso II). (Spanish: Evaluación de las consecuencias medioambientales de accidentes graves (Seveso II)) Estrada Lara O., García Ramos P.S., Mapfre seguridad, 3rd Quarter 2003, Vol.23, No.91, p.19-31. Illus. 9 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article presents an approach for evaluating the consequences of major accidents subject to the Seveso II Directive (CIS 97-1079). It is based on the UNE 150 008 EX standard, and aims to quantify various parameters (quantity of the substance, dangerousness, spread and quality) as a function of the type of environment considered (surface waters, atmosphere, water mass, water beds, shores, land and underground waters). This approach was then applied to a real-life case of an organic chemicals warehouse located in a coastal region of major ecological significance. Various accident hypotheses were taken into account. The results of the calculations for the case of an accidental spill are presented. (102189)

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CIS 03-1339 Controlling the controllable - Preventing business upsets. Groeneweg J., Global Safety Group, Tripod Solutions, Verbeekstraat 4, 2332 CA Leiden, The Netherlands, 5th ed., 2002. v, 528p. Illus. 359 ref. Index. Price: EUR 39.95 (+VAT, transport and handling)., ISBN 90-6695-140-0 (In English)

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Earlier investigations have highlighted the importance of human error and organizational deficiencies in business upsets such as accidents, outbreaks of disease and environmental problems. This monograph describes a tool based upon a theoretical framework, consisting of a checklist with calibrated questions. It provides ways of detecting, measuring and eliminating the deficiencies in the business process of enterprises. Eleven basic risk factors contributing to business upsets have been identified, ranging from the quality of tools and equipment to the effectiveness of the lines of communication. They constitute a list of controllable and quantifiable targets for measurement and improvement of both a company's health, safety and environmental management and the quality of management in general. (102150)

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CIS 03-1340 Safe handling of combustible dusts - Precautions against explosions. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 2003. iv, 36p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: GBP 10.95., ISBN 0-7176-2726-8 (In English)

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This guidance document provides advice on the prevention and mitigation of dust explosions and fires. Contents: legal framework; characteristics of dust explosions; effects of a dust explosion; prevention or mitigation of effects of a dust explosion (risk assessment, control over dust cloud formation, inerting, control over sources of ignition, classification of the area, equipment used in classified areas, plant design and controls, mitigation measures, explosion relief venting, containment and suppression, plant siting and construction); interconnected plant; verification before first use; fires involving combustible dusts; examples of protection in two plants; human factors. In appendices: dust explosion testing; applicable legislation; list of laboratories undertaking testing of flammable dusts; zone definitions. (Replaces CIS 94-1364). (102106)

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CIS 03-1341 Control of safety risks at gas turbines used for power generation. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., May 2003. 12p. 22 ref. Price: GBP 7.00., ISBN 0-7176-2193-6 (In English)

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This guidance note is aimed at manufacturers, suppliers and operators of gas turbines (GTs) used for electrical power generation. It mentions the various hazards associated with GTs and describes ways in which they can be eliminated or prevented. Contents: fuels; hazards (leaks, ignition, explosion, noise, mechanical hazards, electric shock); risk assessment; precautions against fire; precautions against explosion; ventilation; GT purging; gas detectors; control systems; fuel supply systems; gas fuel; additional explosion precautions for liquid fuels and oils; access control; gas compressor stations; emergency procedures; limiting and preventing mechanical failures; electrical issues; electromagnetic radiation; legal requirements. Replaces CIS 01-530. (102167)

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CIS 03-1342 LPG vehicles - Use them safely. (French: Véhicules au GPL - Intervenir en sécurité) Petit J.M., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris cedex 14, France, 2003. 4p. Illus. 6 réf. (In French)

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http://www.inrs.fr/htm/vehicules_au_gpl_intervenir_en_securite.html

After an introduction on the basic properties of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), this practical data sheet goes on to present the main precautions to be observed in order to limit the risks related to their presence during work on vehicles using LPG as fuel. Contents: hazards; rules to be observed when working on a vehicle (training, general rules, work on LPG tanks); rules to be observed after work on a vehicle; emergency procedures. In boxes: burn-off and degassing procedures; passing the vehicle through paint spray booths. (102296)

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CIS 03-1343 Establishing exclusion zones when using explosives in demolition. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Apr. 2001. 2p. Illus. 5 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/cis45.pdf

This information sheet describes how to design an exclusion zone for the demolition of a structure using explosives. Guidance is provided on assessing the size of the exclusion zone, factors influencing its design, and public safety and security. Reprinted with updated references (replaces CIS 95-2221). (102397)

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CIS 03-1344 Storage of dangerous substances - Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 - Approved code of practice and guidance. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. vi, 17p. 31 ref. Price: GBP 9.50., ISBN 0-7176-2200-2 (In English)

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The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) (see CIS 03-1035) are concerned with the protection of workers against fires, explosions and similar events related to the presence of dangerous substances in the workplace. This approved code of practice on the storage of dangerous substances is part of a series intended to help enterprises in the implementation of DSEAR. Contents: assessment of risks; elimination or reduction of risks from dangerous substances (control measures, disposal of waste materials). (102161)

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CIS 03-1345 Design of plant, equipment and workplaces procedures - Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 - Approved code of practice and guidance. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. vi, 21p. 33 ref. Price: GBP 9.50., ISBN 0-7176-2199-5 (In English)

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The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) (see CIS 03-1035) are concerned with the protection of workers against fires, explosions and similar events arising from the presence of dangerous substances in the workplace. This approved code of practice on the design of plant, equipment and workplaces is part of a series intended to help enterprises in the implementation of DSEAR. Contents: assessment of risks; elimination or reduction of the risks from dangerous substances (general principles on the selection of equipment, control measures, mitigation measures, other issues to consider, making redundant plant and equipment safe). (102162)

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CIS 03-1346 Control and mitigation measures - Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 - Approved code of practice and guidance. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. vi, 25p. 52 ref. Price: GBP 9.50., ISBN 0-7176-2201-0 (In English)

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The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) (see CIS 03-1035) are concerned with the protection of workers against fires, explosions and similar events arising from the presence of dangerous substances in he workplace. This approved code of practice on control and mitigation measures is part of a series intended to help enterprises in the implementation of DSEAR. Contents: assessment of risks (release of dangerous substances, ignition sources, separation); elimination or reduction of dangerous substances (ventilation, control of ignition, separation). Appendices define and explain the concepts of "fire resistance" and "fire reaction". (102163)

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CIS 03-1347 Safe maintenance, repair and cleaning procedures - Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 - Approved code of practice and guidance. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Oct. 2003. vi, 18p. 24 ref. Price: GBP 9.50., ISBN 0-7176-2202-9 (In English)

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The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) (see CIS 03-1035) are concerned with the protection of workers against fires, explosions and similar events arising from the presence of dangerous substances in the workplace. This approved code of practice on safe maintenance, repair and cleaning procedures is part of a series intended to help enterprises in the implementation of DSEAR. Contents: assessment of risks (dangerous substances as a result of work activity); elimination or reduction of risks from dangerous substances (eliminating dangerous substances from plant and work areas, systems of work, permits to work, activities involving hot work). (102164)

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CIS 03-1348 Guidelines for explosion protection - Situation 07/2000. (German: Explosionsschutz-Regeln (EX-RL) - Stand 07/2000) Werbe-Druck WINTER GmbH & Co. KG, Bücherstrasse 4, 69207 Sandhausen, 16. Ergänzung, Germany, 2000. 306p. 125 ref. (In German)

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Update (loose leafs) of the guidelines for explosion protection (EX-RL) and of a series of examples intended as a basis for the evaluation of explosion hazards when potentially dangerous substances are used, and for the choice of protective measures. Definitions of technical terms and instructions for compliance with these guidelines are followed by the hazard evaluation criteria; questions which arise in connection with these problems are set out, with detailed answers. A large part of this loose-leaf compendium reviews protective measures: prevention or limitation of formation of explosive atmospheres; prevention of the ignition of explosive atmospheres; architectural measures aimed at limiting the effects of explosions; application of industrial process technical control measures; protection measures during repair work. (102309)

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[ Top of page ]

007 Electrical safety

CIS 03-1349 Safety procedures for work carried out in junction boxes of prefabricated electrical cable ducts. (Spanish: Procedimientos de seguridad para trabajos en cajas de derivación de canalizaciones prefabricadas para la distribución de la corriente eléctrica) Legaz Arrese C., Gómez Gómez A., Martínez Gimeno F., Mapfre seguridad, 3rd Quarter 2003, Vol.23, No.91, p.3-11. Illus. 3 ref. (In Spanish)

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Prefabricated electrical cable ducts represent a safety guarantee to workers, but they also involve certain hazards. In order to avoid serious accidents that may have fatal outcomes, it is therefore highly important that workers be aware of the hazards related to each type of task to be carried out, and that clear procedures be defined . This article describes safety procedures that apply to the various tasks carried out in junction boxes of prefabricated electrical ducts. (102187)

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CIS 03-1350 Electricity: A dossier. (French: Dossier: Electricité) Talon R., Biot P., Reiss G., Gabreau E., Claret J.L., Face au risque, Mar. 2002, No.381, p.5-18. Illus. (In French)

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Contents of this collection of articles on electrical hazards: fire hazards among electrical fitters; safety of electrical equipment (transformers, distribution panels, fuses, equipment); regulations applicable to electrical fire hazards; equipment inspections for insurance purposes; industrial accidents caused by electrical malfunction. (102220)

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CIS 03-1351 Prevention of electrical hazards. (French: La prévention des risques électriques) Soltani C., Kahouach L., Zekri S., Ben Mansour H., Ben Laïba M., SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Oct. 2002, No.23, p.2-18. Illus. 22 ref. (In French)

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Contents of this feature article on the prevention of electrical hazards: definition of electricity; effects of electricity on the human body; protection against electrical hazards; examples of means of protection against electrical hazards; connection and disconnection procedures; formal procedures and training of personnel. (102291)

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[ Top of page ]

008 Physical hazards

CIS 03-1352 The effect of seat design on vibration comfort. Wijaya A.R., Jönsson P., Johansson Ö., International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2003, Vol.9, No.2, p.193-210. Illus. 14 ref. (In English)

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A field study was done to evaluate different seat designs in the aspect of minimizing vibration transmission and reducing the level of discomfort experienced by drivers subjected to transient vibration. Two seat designs (sliding or fixed in the horizontal direction) were compared in an experiment based on variation of sitting posture, speed and type of obstacle. The comparison was done by subjective assessments of discomfort and perceived motion, and by vibration measurement. Ten professional drivers were used as participants. Maximum transient vibration value and vibration dose value were used in the evaluation. The results showed that a sliding seat is superior in attenuating vibration containing transient vibration in the horizontal direction. It was also perceived as giving less overall and low back discomfort compared to a fixed seat. (102035)

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CIS 03-1353 Ultrasound: Hazards and rules for prevention. (Spanish: Los ultrasonidos: sus riesgos y normas de prevención) Barceló Rado M.Á., Morey Salva J., Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 2003, Vol.23, No.90, p.11-17. Illus. 7 ref. (In Spanish)

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Systems that generate ultrasound are increasingly used in chemical laboratories. These systems involve certain risks. This article describes the various applications of ultrasonic systems used in chemistry, and makes recommendations for avoiding the hazards and working safely with such systems. Contents: description of the cavitation phenomenon; sonochemistry; cleaning of glass equipment; ultrasonic baths; hazards resulting from the use of ultrasound in laboratories; hazards resulting from indirect exposure to ultrasound; hazards resulting from exposure to ultrasound by direct contact; hazards resulting from operations requiring the use of ultrasound in laboratories; preventive measures applicable to the use of ultrasound generators. (102225)

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CIS 03-1354 Vibroacoustics - A scientific subject for the 21st century. (Polish: Wibroakustyka - jedna z dziedzin nauki XXI wieku) Engel Z., Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Apr. 2003, No.4 (381), p.10-12. Illus. 6 ref. (In Polish)

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This article discusses the origins and development of vibroacoustics, the use of acoustic energy, the methods of testing vibroacoustic processes and current research topics of this branch of science. (102431)

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CIS 03-1355 Evaluation of the thermal environment in a metallic construction enterprise. (French: Evaluation de l'ambiance thermique dans une entreprise du secteur de la construction métallique) Hidri A., Soltani C., Kahouach L., SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Oct. 2003, No.27, p.8-13. 5 ref. (In French)

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the thermal environment in a Tunisian enterprise and to recommend measures for improving working conditions. The study was conducted at a manufacturer of aluminium tubes, where the heat sources were the annealing and polymerization ovens. Thermal environment parameters were measured and heat stress was evaluated for the various workplaces within the production area. The following recommendations were made: reduction of time of exposure; installing a refrigerated water fountain at the place of work; information of workers on the hazards related to heat stress and preventive measures; lowering of average radiant heat temperatures by replacing the gas annealing oven by an electric oven; installing an air conditioning system; mechanizing manual handling tasks. (102322)

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CIS 03-1356 Development and validation of the predicted heat strain model. Malchaire J., Piette A, Kampmann B., Mehnert P., Gebhardt H., Havenith G., Den Hartog E., Holmer I., Parsons K., Alfano G., Griefahn B., Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Mar. 2001, Vol.45, No.2, p.123-135. Illus. 28 ref. (In English)

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Eight laboratories participated in a concerted research project on the assessment of hot working conditions. The objectives were to co-ordinate the work of the main European research teams in the field of thermal factors and to improve the methods available to assess the risks of heat disorders at the workplace, and in particular the "Required Sweat Rate" model as presented in ISO 7933 standard. The scientific bases of this standard were thoroughly reviewed and a revised model, called "Predicted Heat Strain" (PHS), was developed. This model was then used to predict the minute-by-minute sweat rates and rectal temperatures during 909 laboratory and field experiments. The change in sweat rate with time was predicted more accurately by the PHS model. This suggests that the PHS model would provide an improved basis upon which to determine allowable exposure times from the predicted heat strain in terms of dehydration and increased core temperature. (102402)

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CIS 03-1357 Exposure of airline pilots and cabin crew to cosmic radiation during flight - what's the fuss?. Lim M.K., Annals of the Academy of Medicine - Singapore, Sep. 2001, Vol.30, No.5, p.494-498. 46 ref. (In English)

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After a survey of the physics of cosmic radiation (which is of the type of low-dose ionizing radiation) and of the regulatory framework, this review article examines the risk of exposure to such radiation by aircraft crew flying at high altitudes (>10,000m). It is estimated that pilots and cabin crew of long-range aircraft flying 1000 block-hours a year receive a cumulative radiation dose of 5-10mSv per year. The literature suggests that their increased risk of dying from cancer due to cosmic radiation is in the range of 0.1-5.0 per 1000, a small but not non-negligible risk when considering the general cancer mortality of 220 per 1000. The main experimental evidence for the actual damage caused by cosmic radiation is that of damage of the genetic repair mechanism in cells. Cohort studies of small samples of air crew have shown increased incidence of cancers of the breast, prostate and the skin (both melanoma and non-melanoma), as well as of leukaemia. The only practical preventive method is aircrew flight-time limitation (1000 hours per year on conventional aircraft is currently being practiced), as shielding is not feasible and flying at lower altitudes is very costly. (102007)

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CIS 03-1358 Investigations of the radiation exposure of staff and patients in cardiac catheterization laboratories and during vascular brachytherapy. (German: Untersuchungen zur Strahlexposition von Beschäftigten und Patienten im Herzkatheterlabor und bei der vaskulären Brachytherapie) Folkerts K.H., Franz A., Kiefer A., Hennersdorf G., Zeitschrift für Kardiologie, 2002, Vol.91, No.6, p.493-502. Illus. 11 ref. (In German)

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Interventional radiological measures can lead to high radiation exposures for medical staff. In order to determine radiation exposure to staff and patients, 52 measurements were made at a cardiac catheterization laboratory with a new dosimetry system. Besides the measurement of body dose behind the lead apron, measures of radiation were performed in front of the lead apron and at the physician's wrist. The patient's dose was also estimated. From the mean doses, the radiation dose per year for a physician performing 1000 interventions was determined to be 1.9mSv/year which is below the new limit of 20mSv/year. The results for vascular brachytherapy did not show significantly higher exposures. (102030)

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CIS 03-1359 Radiation exposure from natural sources: How much protection do we really need?. (German: Strahlenexpositionen aus natürlichen Quellen: Eine neue Aufgabe für den Strahlenschutz?) Beck T., Brandmaier P., Ettenhuber E., Franke P., Gellermann R., Hentzschel R., Hermann E., Just G., Ludwig T., von Philipsborn H., Schraube H., Schwedt J., Weiß A., Weiß D., Strahlenschutz Praxis, 2002, Vol.8, No.4, p.3-45. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In German)

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The new provisions of Part 3 of the German Ordinance on protection against the effects of ionizing radiation (StrlSchV, see CIS 03-1042) limit for the first time exposures to natural sources of radiation. However, the scope of the ordinance is limited to occupational activities that could give rise to increases in radioactive contamination or to exposure to radiation. This collection of articles presents an overview of the requirements and the radioprotection measures applicable to the new areas concerned, with an emphasis on water treatment, radon-containing thermal springs and long-haul flights. (102304)

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CIS 03-1360 Electromagnetic hazards in European countries - Mobile phone base stations. (Polish: Zagrożenia elektromagnetyczne w państwach europejskich. Stacje bazowe telefonii komórkowej) Karpowicz J., Gryz K., Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Apr. 2003, No.4 (381), p.17-19. Illus. 7 ref. (In Polish)

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Mobile phone base stations are sources of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation. There is currently a lot of interest in studies on exposures of persons and the environment to such radiation. This article presents the current situation concerning legal requirements in European countries with respect to assessment criteria and measurement methods for radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile telephony base stations and concludes that there are currently no uniform standards or laws, each country adopting its own solutions. (102433)

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CIS 03-1361 Shiftwork in the hot environment. Nag P.K., Nag A., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.161-166. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

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Based on the analysis of 4125 accidents that occurred in the textile industry over a two-year period, this study examined the risks due to heat. It was found that accident prevalence was significantly higher in May and June when the ambient temperature ranged between 42 and 48°C. The influence of hot climate on accident causation was evident from the shift-related variations in the occurrence of accidents. The longitudinal study showed that workers working only during night shifts were more vulnerable to and less tolerant of heat than were rotating shift workers. The relationship of the segmental and compartmental temperatures (segmental triggering response) played a critical role in heat dissipation and on the accumulation mechanism, and was reflected in the heat tolerability of day and night workers. (102065)

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CIS 03-1362 Investigation of the parameters influencing the determination of the emission sound pressure levels of machinery. (German: Untersuchung der Einflussgrößen auf die Ermittlung der Emissionsschalldruckpegel von Maschinen) Probst W., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 79p. Illus. 15 ref. Price: EUR 10.00., ISBN 3-89701-905-1 (In German)

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Parameters influencing the accuracy of measurement of the emission sound pressure level according to the ISO 11200 standard series were examined. This investigation showed that the difference between the sound power level and the emission sound pressure level (LW-p), as well as the equivalent absorption area of the room, determine the deviation when applying these standards. It is therefore of high importance to evaluate this difference when selecting a standard for the measurement. A computational simulation is a very effective method to derive the LW-p-value for a given machine configuration. The method allows a classification of machines and a description of their acoustic characteristics. On the basis of the results of this study, recommendations are made for the application of the standards ISO 11201 to 11204. (102023)

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CIS 03-1363 Practical application of the noise declaration. (German: Anwendung der Geräuschemissionsangabe in der Praxis) Probst W., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 86p. Illus. 35 ref. Price: EUR 10.50., ISBN 3-89701-906-X (In German)

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Deafness caused by noise is one of the most prevalent industrial diseases in Germany. In 1998 12,400 cases were reported, 1012 of which were compensated. However, important progress has been achieved in reducing machinery noise emissions through the requirement to declare these emission values. To highlight possible gaps in the practical implementation of the machinery guideline, noise declarations of some 170 machines and devices were verified by measurements. Approximately 50% of these consisted of machines for wood processing, printing and paper-making, and hand-held electric tools. The noise declaration was enclosed in 78% of the cases, it had to be ordered from the manufacturer in 17% of the cases, and no noise emission values could be obtained in 5% of the cases. 54% of the noise declarations were correct, while they were incomplete in 41% of the cases. The measured noise emission values of 57% of the machines matched the declaration, 20% showed a modest infringement and 12% showed a considerable infringement of the declaration values. Although these findings are not optimal, they remain encouraging. (102025)

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CIS 03-1364 Interlaboratory evaluation of gloves used for hand-arm vibration damping. (French: Evaluation interlaboratoire de gants destinés à réduire l'exposition aux vibrations main-bras) Boileau P.E., Boutin J., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, Aug. 2003. iv, 33p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: CAD 5.35., ISBN 2-551-21842-X (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-340.pdf

This study presents the results of the evaluation of four types of vibration protection gloves in three laboratories, using the methodology described in the international standard ISO 10819:1996. Important differences between the laboratories were highlighted, particularly with certain types of gloves when subjected to an excitation spectrum in the range of frequencies from 200 to 1000Hz. An alternative method for evaluating glove transmission factors based on the evaluation of vibration response curves was also developed and validated. Use of the new method would considerably simplify the measurements necessary for evaluating gloves. (102295)

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CIS 03-1365 Selected active acoustic reduction electronic systems. (Polish: Wybrane cyfrowe systemy aktywnej redukcji hałasu) Makarewicz G., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 1st ed., 2002. 159p. Illus. 61 ref. Index., ISBN 83-7373-010-9 (In Polish)

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Active methods are the most rapidly progressing scientific methods applied to noise control. An active acoustic reduction system consists of a set of components aimed at reducing noise levels. This publication describes the techniques involved in such systems, as well as their primary types and structures. It presents examples of current research in the area and considers the development of digital systems. (102440)

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CIS 03-1366 OUIE 2000 software tool for the analysis and management of noise. Phase 2: Integration of experimental measurements and evaluation of typical acoustic power. (French: Logiciel d'analyse et de gestion du bruit OUIE2000. Phase 2: Intégration de mesures expérimentales et évaluation de puissance acoustique type) L'Espérance A., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal, Quebec H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. ii, 25p. Illus. Price: CAD 5.35., ISBN 2-551-22411-X (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-351.pdf

Noise is estimated to be responsible for a quarter of all occupational diseases. However, it is often difficult to implement preventive measures in practice. The OUIE2000 software tool developed in the context of an earlier project enabled the analysis of sound doses and the evaluation of the efficiency of acoustic measures. However, the determination of certain parameters and data necessary for practical analyses (such as the acoustic power of sound sources) remained difficult. This report presents the efforts undertaken to make the software easier to use and explains some of the new features that have been added, namely the generation of experimental noise maps, the integration of an analytical sound meter, the experimental evaluation of the acoustic power of a noise source and the theoretical evaluation of the acoustic power of common sources of noise. (102482)

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CIS 03-1367 Evaluation of heat stress in underground mines. (French: Evaluation des indices de contrainte thermique en mines profondes) Dessureault P.C., Doucet M., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal, Quebec H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. iv, 28p. Illus. 24 ref. Price: CAD 5.35., ISBN 2-551-22410-1 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-350.pdf

This report presents a new heat stress index entitled "Air Cooling Power" (ACP), and compares it with the required sweat rate index (ISO 7933) and the WBGT index in the hot and humid environment of underground mines. The appropriate physical parameters were measured under various typical conditions. The permissible exposure levels according to each index were compared with workers' measured heart rates. The exposure levels determined by the three indices were comparable, although several recordings showed severe strain levels. The advantages and disadvantages of the three indices are discussed, and proposals are made with respect to the definition of an improved ACP index. (102481)

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CIS 03-1368 Improving health and safety in construction - Phase 2 - Depth and breadth - Volume 4 - Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome - Underlying causes and risk control in the construction industry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. xii, 136p. + Supplemets. Illus. 21 ref. Price: GBP 50.00., ISBN 0-7176-2219-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr114.pdf

In order to gain an insight into the underlying organizational and human factors influencing hand arm vibration syndrome (HAVS), three workshops were held with participants representing key stakeholders. It was agreed that among the direct influences on HAVS, inspection and maintenance, and equipment operability were primary influences followed by situational awareness and risk perception, state of health, information and compliance with regulations. Process design, training, supervision, communications, health culture and equipment purchasing were significant organizational factors. At the policy level, key factors were health and safety management, company culture and organizational structure. The regulatory agencies and market forces were considered to be the primary environmental influences. Target areas for risk reduction and risk management were also identified. (102422)

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CIS 03-1369 Deeper learning for safer diving: Using video scenarios to develop professional expertise in the application of the Diving at Work Regulations 1997. Yorke J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. x, 57p. Illus. 46 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-2772-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr161.pdf

This report discusses key issues relating to the application of the British Diving at Work Regulations 1997 (CIS 97-1785). It draws on data from a study at the University of Plymouth during 2000/2001 which focused on students undertaking a professional diver training course. Based on identified learning needs, a revised teaching approach was designed, requiring participants to develop a diving project plan for a fictitious diving operation. This scenario was contextualized using multimedia video clips and photographs, supported by generic hypertext online books, and packaged into a resource pack called DWR Video. Evaluation of DWR Video was positive, and the visual and low-risk nature of the scenario was strongly praised. Examination results suggested that candidates' performance was significantly improved in the year where the software was used, and that this improvement was located in the application of diving legislation. It was clear that the software had helped make participants more aware of their legal responsibilities and the complexities involved when planning diving projects. (102158)

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CIS 03-1370 Working in confined spaces. (French: Travailler dans des espaces confinés) De Graef M., ed., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, Dec. 2003. 2p. Illus. (In French)

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Contents of this information leaflet on work in confined spaces: definition of confined space; examples of confined spaces; description of the hazards (fire and explosion, asphyxiation, electrocution, falls and trips, drowning); preventive measures (awareness of procedures, external supervision during the time work is being carried out in a confined space, communication between the worker and the person located outside, detection of dangerous atmospheres, access to confines spaces, signalling, ventilation, anti-spark or anti-explosion devices, personal protective equipment). (102395)

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CIS 03-1371 Acoustics - Measurement of noise emitted by accelerating road vehicles - Engineering method. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 3rd ed., 1998. iii, 12p. Illus. 5 ref. (In English)

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This international standard specifies an engineering method for measuring the noise emitted by accelerating road vehicles. The specifications are intended to reproduce the noise levels which are produced during the use of intermediate gars with full utilization of the engine power available, as may occur in urban traffic. (102010)

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CIS 03-1372 Acoustics - Acoustic insulation for pipes, valves and flanges. (French: Acoustique - Isolation acoustique des tuyaux, clapets et brides) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 2003. iv, 36p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: CHF 128.00 (In English, French)

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This international standard defines the acoustic performances of three classes of cylindrical steel pipe insulation of up to 1m in diameter. It also specifies three types of construction that will meet these acoustic performance classes. Furthermore, it defines a standardized test method for measuring the acoustic performance of any type of construction, thereby allowing existing and new insulation constructions to be rated against the three classes. It is not applicable to acoustic insulation of rectangular ducting and vessels or machinery. (102201)

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CIS 03-1373 Mechanical vibration and shock - Guidance on safety aspects of tests and experiments with people - Part 1: Exposure to whole-body mechanical vibration and repeated shock. (French: Vibrations et chocs mécaniques - Lignes directrices concernant les aspects de sécurité des essais et des expérimentations réalisés sur des sujets humains - Partie 1: Exposition de l'ensemble du corps aux vibrations mécaniques et aux chocs répétés) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1998. iv, 23p. Illus. 1 ref. Price: CHF 97.00. (In English, French)

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Part 1 of this international standard provides guidance on the safety aspects of design of equipment and the conduct of tests and experiments in the laboratory in which human subjects are exposed to mechanical vibration and repeated shock, for example for evaluating equipment intended to alleviate the effects of these factors such as seat suspension, seat cushions and other attenuating devices. It is concerned with whole-body vibration and repeated shock only. Local vibration is not within the scope of this part of the standard. (102202)

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CIS 03-1374 Acoustics and vibration - Laboratory measurement of vibro-acoustic transfer properties of resilient elements - Part 2: Dynamic stiffness of elastic supports for translatory motion - Direct method. (French: Acoustique et vibrations - Mesurage en laboratoire des propriétés de transfert vibro-acoustique des éléments élastiques - Partie 2: Raideur dynamique en translation des supports élastiques - Méthode directe) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1997. iii, 18p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: CHF 85.00 (In English, French)

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Various types of passive vibration insulators are used to reduce the transmission of vibrations. Part 2 of this international standard specifies a method for determining transfer stiffness for translations of elastic supports, under specified preloads. The method (called the direct method) includes the laboratory measurement of vibrations on the input side and the blocking of output forces. It is applicable to elastic supports with parallel flanges. It covers the range of frequency from 1Hz up to a frequency f1, which is usually determined by the test rig. Part 1 (Principles and guidelines) was abstracted as CIS 00-524. (102203)

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CIS 03-1375 Acoustics - Normal equal-loudness-level contours. (French: Acoustique - Lignes isosoniques normales) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 2003. v, 18p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: CHF 85.00. (In English, French)

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This international standard specifies combinations of sound pressure levels and frequencies of pure continuous tones which are perceived as equally loud by human listeners. The specifications are based on the following conditions: the sound field in the absence of the listener consists of a free progressive plane wave; the sound source is directly in front of the listener; the sound signals are pure tones; the sound pressure level is measured at the position where the centre of the listener's head would be, but in the absence of the listener; listening is binaural; listeners are otologically normal persons in the age range from 18 to 25 inclusive. (102251)

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CIS 03-1376 Acoustics - Laboratory measurement procedures for ducted silencers and air-terminal units - Insertion loss, flow noise and total pressure loss. (French: Acoustique - Modes opératoires de mesure en laboratoire pour silencieux en conduit et unités terminales - Perte d'insertion, bruit d'écoulement et perte de pression totale) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 2003. v, 49p. Illus. 24 ref. Price: CHF 142.00. (In English, French)

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This international standard specifies methods for determining: the insertion loss, in frequency bands, of ducted silencers with and without airflow; the sound power level, in frequency bands, of the flow noise generated by ducted silencers; the total pressure loss of silencers with airflow; the transmission loss, in frequency bands, of air-terminal units. It is applicable to all types of silencer, including silencers for ventilating and air-conditioning systems, air intake and exhaust of flue gases, and similar applications. However, it is not applicable to the reactive silencers used in motor vehicles. (102252)

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CIS 03-1377 Acoustics - Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment - Part 2: Introduction to the physics of low-noise design. (French: Acoustique - Pratique recommandée pour la conception de machines et équipements à bruit réduit - Partie 2: Introduction à la physique de la conception à bruit réduit) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1998. iv, 46p. Illus. 18 ref. Price: CHF 142.00. (In English, French)

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Part 2 of this present technical report provides the physical background for the low-noise design rules and examples given in Part 1. It is intended for use by designers, users and buyers of machinery and equipment, as well as by authorities in the field of legislation, supervision or inspection. Equations given in this technical report will improve the general understanding of noise control, but are not useful for the prediction of absolute noise emission values. (102254)

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CIS 03-1378 Acoustics - Reference zero for the calibration of audiometric equipment - Part 5: Reference equivalent threshold sound pressure levels for pure tones in the frequency range 8kHz to 16kHz. (French: Acoustique - Zéro normal de référence pour l'étalonnage d'équipements audiométriques - Partie 5: Niveaux de référence équivalents de pression acoustique liminaire pour les sons purs dans le domaine de fréquences de 8kHz à 16kHz) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1998. iv, 4p. 6 ref. Price: CHF 40.00. (In English, French)

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Part 5 of this technical report specifies reference equivalent threshold sound pressure levels of pure tones in the frequency range 8-16kHz, applicable to the calibration of air conduction audiometers for specific earphones. (102257)

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CIS 03-1379 Acoustics - Requirements for the performance and calibration of reference sound sources used for the determination of sound power levels. (French: Acoustique - Prescriptions relatives aux performances et à l'étalonnage des sources sonores de référence pour la détermination des niveaux de puissance acoustique) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 1999. v, 11p. 17 ref. Price: CHF 67.00. (In English, French)

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This international standard specifies the essential acoustical performance requirements of reference sound sources, used extensively in comparison methods for determining the noise emissions of physically-stationary sound sources, as well as their calibration procedures. The acoustical performance requirements relate to temporal steadiness and repeatability, spectral characteristics and directivity index. Replaces ISO Standard 6926:1990 (see CIS 90-2048). (102258)

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CIS 03-1380 Characterization of pavement texture by use of surface profiles - Part 1: Determination of Mean Profile Depth. (French: Caractérisation de la texture d'un revêtement de chaussée à partir de relevés de profils de la surface - Partie 1: Détermination de la profondeur moyenne du profil) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1997. iii, 19p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: CHF 91.00. (In English, French)

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Road surface texture determines factors such as noise emission from the type/pavement interface, friction between the tyre and the road, rolling resistance and tyre wear. Methods for measuring road surface texture are therefore highly desirable. Part 1 of this international standard describes a test method to determine the average depth of a pavement surface macrotexture by measuring the profile curve of a surface and calculating the texture depth from this profile. This technique is designed to provide an average depth value of only the pavement macrotexture and is considered insensitive to pavement microtexture and unevenness characteristics. (102259)

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CIS 03-1381 Mechanical vibration - Vibrotactile perception thresholds for the assessment of nerve dysfunction - Part 2: Analysis and interpretation of measurements at the fingertips. (French: Vibrations mécaniques - Seuils de perception vibrotactile pour l'évaluation des troubles neurologiques - Partie 2: Analyse et interprétation des mesures obtenues à la pulpe des doigts) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 2003. v, 24p. Illus. 36 ref. Price: CHF 104.00. (In English, French)

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Early detection of peripheral neuropathies in the upper extremities, which are often manifest as changes in tactile function and hence changes in mechanoreceptor acuity, is of considerable interest. Such neuropathies can occur as a result of disease, or of exposure to chemical or physical, neurotoxic agents. With a suitable choice of measurement conditions, as provided in ISO 13091-1, separate responses from the slow-adapting type 1 (SAI) and fast-adapting types 1 and 2 (FAI and FAII) mechanoreceptor populations can be determined by using vibrotactile stimulation at different frequencies. This part of ISO 13091 defines the analysis and interpretation of vibrotactile thresholds measured at the fingertips according to the provisions of ISO 13091-1. Procedures for describing statistically significant changes in vibrotactile perception thresholds are provided for the situation in which the threshold is determined on a single occasion, as well as when the threshold is determined repeatedly. (102260)

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CIS 03-1382 Noise. (French: Le bruit) PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. 4p. Illus. 4 ref. (In French)

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Prolonged exposure to noise can result in hearing losses that appear only progressively but that are permanent, which is why prevention is important. Contents of this information leaflet on the prevention of noise at the workplace: legal aspects (current Belgian regulations on the exposure of workers to noise and new European Directive 2003/10/EC); effect of noise on work efficiency (arousal, effects of music during work, excessive error levels and stress, diminished concentration); environment, lifestyle and noise levels; hearing protection (noise reduction at source, soundproofing, hearing protection, hearing protector selection criteria). (102393)

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CIS 03-1383 Acoustics - Hearing protectors - Part 4: Measurement of effective sound pressure levels for level-dependent sound-restoration ear-muffs. (French: Acoustique - Protecteurs individuels contre le bruit - Partie 4: Mesurage des niveaux effectifs de pression acoustique des serre-tête destinés à la restitution du son) International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1998. iv, 7p. Illus. 3 ref. (In English, French)

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This technical report specifies a physical test method for level-dependent sound-restoration ear-muffs. The physical measurements are made with the acoustic text fixture according to ISO/TR 4869-3 or with a suitable head and torso simulator with a suitable acoustic isolation. The results of this test in combination with the results from the ISO 4869-1 tests can be used to estimate the effective A-weighted sound pressure level when sound-restoration earmuffs are worn. (102002)

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CIS 03-1384 Acoustics - Measurement at the operator's position of noise emitted by earth-moving machinery - Stationary test conditions. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 1998. iii, 9p. Illus. 3 ref. (In English)

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This international standard specifies a method for determining the noise emitted by earth-moving machinery at the operator's position. The measurements are made in terms of the time-averaged A-weighted sound pressure level while the machine is stationary with the engine operating at the manufacturer's rated speed under no-load conditions. The standard applies to excavators, crawler and wheel tractor-dozers, crawler and wheel loaders and backhoe loaders. (102008)

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CIS 03-1385 Acoustics - Measurement of exterior noise emitted by earth-moving machinery - Stationary test conditions. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 1998. iii, 11p. Illus. 4 ref. (In English)

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This international standard specifies a method for determining the exterior noise emitted by earth-moving machinery. The measurements are made in terms of the time-averaged A-weighted sound pressure level while the machine is stationary with the engine operating at the manufacturer's rated speed under no-load conditions. The standard applies to excavators, crawler and wheel tractor-dozers, crawler and wheel loaders, and backhoe loaders. (102009)

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CIS 03-1386 Hand-arm vibration in the cast stone industry: Reducing the risk. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, May 2003. 6p. Illus. 13ref. (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/misc493.pdf

This information sheet outlines the risks to workers in the cast stone industry from hand-arm vibration. It is aimed at employers, managers, supervisors, employees and their representatives. Contents: description of the hand-arm vibration syndrome; symptoms; how to comply with legal requirements (risk assessment, eliminating or reducing the risk, providing appropriate equipment); exposure evaluation; limitation of exposure (elimination, substitution, engineering controls, management controls, personal protection); health surveillance. (102141)

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CIS 03-1387 Reducing the risk of hand-arm vibration injury among stonemasons. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2001. 3p. 5 ref. (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/misc112.pdf

This information sheet outlines the risk from hand-arm vibration to workers in the stonemasonry industry, together with the appropriate prevention measures. Topics covered: definition of hand-arm vibration syndrome; symptoms; risk factors; typical vibration magnitude of different tools used in stonemasonry and recommended daily usage time; assessment of exposure to vibration; health surveillance; reduction of vibration exposure; selection of low-vibration tools; personal protective equipment (anti-vibration or thermal gloves). Reprinted with updated references (replaces CIS 98-915). (102396)

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[ Top of page ]

009 Mechanical hazards, transport

CIS 03-1388 Platform for the safe installation of lifts without a machine room. (Spanish: Plataforma para el montaje seguro de ascensores sin sala de máquinas) Gil Fraile G., Prevención, Apr.-June 2003, No.164, p.8-14. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Following a brief reference to legislation applicable to lifts and to the main hazards resulting from the installation of lifts, this article goes on to present a solution developed by a Spanish enterprise for the installation of hydraulic and electric lifts that do not have a machine room on the roof. It consists of a platform fixed to the chassis of the car, which allows the assembly workers to work with greater comfort and mobility. Apart from electrical hazards, this platform eliminates most other hazards, the most important being falls in the lift shaft. (102221)

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CIS 03-1389 Role of fall arresters in ensuring safety. (Spanish: El papel de los salvacaídas en la seguridad) Martínez Pascual J.R., Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 2003, Vol.23, No.90, p.3-9. Illus. 9 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article describes the different types of fall arresters, the theoretical aspects of their operation and their use in various situations of work at height. There are three fall arrester systems: basic systems consisting of an anchoring device and an energy absorber, fall arresters with a retractable fall arrest system and sliding fall arresters. Current regulations and standards applicable to work at heights and to fall arresters are also presented. (102224)

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CIS 03-1390 Interlocking devices associated with guards. Selection criteria (1). (Polish: Urządzenia blokujące sprzężone z osłonami. Kryteria i sposób doboru (1)) Saulewicz A., Bezpieczeństwo pracy, Apr. 2003, No.4 (381), p.23-25. Illus. 11 ref. (In Polish)

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The first part of this article presents typical forms and requirements for selection of machine interlocking devices associated with guards independent of the nature of the energy source. The second part presents the results of an investigation of an accident caused mostly by neglecting the principles of selection of interlocking devices associated with guards. (102435)

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CIS 03-1391 Basic principles - Risks of falls. (Spanish: Fundamentos teóricos - Riesgo de caída) Protección y seguridad, Mar.-Apr. 2003, Vol.49, No.288, p.34-41. Illus. (In Spanish)

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This article recalls the laws of physics that apply to falls from heights, as well as the forces to which the human body are subjected during the acceleration, deceleration and static suspension phases of the fall. These principles are then applied to the understanding of the forces and effects on the human body when the fall is interrupted by a fall arresting device. During falls, fall arresters have to operate within the limits of certain physical parameters in order to avoid body injuries. In particular, the deceleration phase has to begin before the fall distance reaches 1.8m and the stop must not take place in less than 0.3s so as to ensure that the breaking forces remain tolerable to the body. (102312)

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CIS 03-1392 Effect of firm size on risks and reporting of elevation fall injury in construction trades. Kines P., Mikkelsen K.L., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 2003, Vol.45, No.10, p.1074-1078. 24 ref. (In English)

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While many occupational safety programmes target large firms, the construction industry is dominated by smaller firms. This study examines the differential effect of firm size on the risk and the reporting of over 3000 non-fatal elevation fall injuries in the Danish construction industry from 1993 to 1999. Small firms (<20 employees) accounted for 93% of all firms and 55% of full-time equivalent workers. There was an inverse relationship between firm size and serious injury rates and a direct relationship between firm size and minor injury rates. An inverse relationship between firm size and injury severity odds ratios (serious versus minor) was found for all trades, but was particularly pronounced for carpentry and electrical work. Health and safety policies, legislation and enforcement in the construction industry should take the smaller size of firms in the industry into consideration. (102048)

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CIS 03-1393 Falls among union carpenters. Lipscomb H.J., Li L., Dement J.M., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Aug. 2003, Vol.44, No.2, p.148-156. Illus. 21 ref. (In English)

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Falls are a leading cause of morbidity in the construction sector. A cohort of 16,215 union carpenters was identified, for whom data on hours worked and compensation claims for a ten-year period were available. The data on this well-defined cohort were used to calculate frequencies of work-related falls, rates of injury and associated costs, and to identify high-risk groups. The rates of occurrence per 200,000 hours worked were 1.8 for falls on the level, and 2.3 for falls from heights. These injuries resulted in direct payments of USD 0.30 per hour of work or USD 2.40 per 8-hr day. Mean costs per fall increased with increasing age. Age was not associated with risk of falls from elevations; younger carpenters had modestly reduced rates of falls on the level. Rates of falls decreased with increasing time in the union. Carpenters whose usual work involved drywall installation or residential work were at highest risk. (102085)

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CIS 03-1394 Novel system of safety nets. (Spanish: Nuevo sistema de redes de seguridad) Arroyo L.M., Caballero J.M., Mapfre seguridad, 3rd Quarter 2003, Vol.23, No.91, p.12-17. Illus. (In Spanish)

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More than 24% of all occupational accidents involve the building industry. This article presents a new type of safety net aimed at preventing falls from heights during construction work. The innovation resides in the system that holds the nets in place, equipped with shock absorbing elements for the fall impact energy consisting of a series of metallic supports that are affixed to the beams before beginning the concrete formwork. Metallic arms on which the nets are mounted are next affixed to these supports, and then deployed. All these operations are carried out within the building, so that the operators are protected at all times and the use of cranes is not required. (102188)

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CIS 03-1395 Prevention of falls and manual handling injuries among plasterers: The case for intervention. Cowley S., Leggett S., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2003, Vol.19, No.5, p.447-456. 51 ref. (In English)

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Although there are few sources of information specific to plastering, there are data that suggest that individuals who do this type of work are at high risk of injury. While it is commonly accepted internationally that these workers are exposed to significant risks in the areas of manual handling and falls, direct comparisons to and wholesale adoption of data from studies in other countries are not possible. A literature review shows that the emphasis has mostly been on defining the magnitude of the problem as opposed to evaluating risk-control strategies. Furthermore, it appears that known and available preventive measures are not necessarily universally applicable, and therefore require evaluation. To increase the adoption of evaluated risk controls, it is recommended that social marketing strategies be used. (102453)

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CIS 03-1396 "No lift" patient handling policy implementation and staff injury rates in a public hospital. Passfield J., Marshall E., Adams R., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 2003, Vol.19, No.1, p.73-85. Illus. 41 ref. (In English)

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Patient handling has been recognized as a major cause of back injuries to nursing personnel. However, a variety of patient lifting techniques have failed to reduce injury rates. Accordingly, a "no lift" patient handling policy was implemented in a general hospital in Australia. As hypothesized, the number of workers compensation claims for back injuries in the post-training period showed a reduction compared with those in the pre-training period. In the pre-training period, back injury claims were significantly associated with the manual handling of patients, but not post-training. The multi-factorial approach to injury prevention implemented in this study could be applied to the control of injuries in other sectors. (102334)

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CIS 03-1397 A comparative analysis of slip resistance in synthetic resin based industrial floors without fillers. (German: Vergleichende Untersuchungen der rutschhemmenden Eigenschaften von Industriefußböden auf Kunstharzbasis ohne Verwendung von Einstreuungen) Mattke U., Windhövel U., Lehder G., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 64p. Illus. 23 ref. Price: EUR 9.00., ISBN 3-89701-897-7 (In German)

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The slip resistance of industrial flooring was examined. The main focus was on synthetic resin based systems (epoxy, polyurethane and polymethylmethacrylate). As a rule, when filled with quartz or similar materials, these types of flooring systems qualify as sufficiently safe with respect to slips. The inquiry concentrated, therefore, on the behaviour of such flooring when fillers are ineffective or not present, for example for reasons of hygiene. A selection of 29 floorings from various manufacturers and various different materials was tested using the Wuppertal floor and shoe tester, the inclined plane equipment and the GMG portable friction tester, and friction coefficients were determined. In addition, measurements of hardness and roughness of the floor were taken in order to clarify any links between these parameters. Results showed that, in the absence of fillers, care must be taken in the use of such floorings, and that no general recommendations could be made in favour of a specific product group. (102028)

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CIS 03-1398 Safety and industrial lift trucks: A survey of investigated accidents and incidents [April 1997 to March 2001]. Male G.E., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 47p. Illus. Price: GBP 10.00., ISBN 0-7176-2754-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/sir60.pdf

This report analyses the 1204 accidents and incidents associated with industrial lift trucks in the United Kingdom which were investigated by HSE inspectors between April 1997 and March 2001. It identifies a number of common reasons for accidents and incidents. It is intended to provide information to assist in the development of safety requirements for the design and use of these machines and to assist in the training of drivers and others affected by industrial truck use. Contents: survey scope and nature; details of survey; person injured; driver training; nature of accidents; truck operation; causal factors; discussion; conclusions. (102338)

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CIS 03-1399 Use and effectiveness of mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPS) for tree work. Jones B.J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 66p. Illus. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-2701-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr123.pdf

This report examines the use of mobile elevated working platforms (MEWPS) in the tree nursery sector. Various MEWPS designs were evaluated at different sites in order to assess the potential benefits of MEWPS over manual climbing and the factors which affect the performance of MEWPS in tree work. The report includes guidance on the selection of MEWPS for particular types of sites, operations and working practices in arboriculture. It was found that MEWPS offer a range of advantages including safer working environments, reduced efforts of the operator when gaining access to the working position and potential increases in efficiency and productivity. (102123)

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CIS 03-1400 Investigation into fall accidents during building modification, refurbishment and sanitary improvement, and recommendations with respect to preventative measures. (German: Untersuchung von Absturzunfällen bei Ausbau-, Modernisierungs- und Sanierungsarbeiten sowie Empfehlung von Maßnahmen zu deren Verhütung) Schüler T., Röbenack K.D., Steinmetzger R., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz und Arbeitsmedizin, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 2002. 150p. Illus. 73 ref. Price: EUR 14.50., ISBN 3-89701-893-4 (In German)

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This study analyses accidents due to falls in the building industry in Germany between 1991 and 1999 and examines more particularly 309 falls during building alteration, and 140 falls during processes of refurbishment and sanitary improvement, which correspond respectively to 7.8% and 8.7% of the accidents in these areas. An analysis of accidents by type of incident, type of injury, height of fall and place of incident is provided. More than 97% of the falls during alteration processes, and 86% of falls in refurbishment and sanitary improvement processes, occurred from a height of no more than 5m. Special attention should be given to the fact that about 50% of the serious accidents occurred from heights between 1 and 2m. Falls from ladders occurred most frequently, followed by falls from scaffoldings. Both types of fall account for more than 75% of all falling accidents during alteration processes and almost 50% during refurbishment and sanitary improvement. The most serious accidents were falls from ladders and scaffoldings during the building alteration process and falls from building structures that may or may not be walked on and from scaffolding during refurbishment and sanitary improvement. Preventive measures based on this information are proposed. (102027)

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CIS 03-1401 Validation of propping based on high-density polyethylene piping or on metallic profiles normally used for culverts or sewers. (French: Validation d'un étançonnement fait d'un tuyau de polyéthylène haute densité ou de profilés métalliques normalement utilisés pour les ponceaux et les égouts) Lan A., Daigle R., LeBoeuf D., Chaallal O., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. x, 127p. Illus. 62 ref. Price: CAD 13.00. CD-ROM containing the PDF version of the document is included., ISBN 2-551-21804-7 (In French)

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http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-336.pdf

The objective of this study was to validate the use of circular cross-section metallic or high density polyethylene profiles for propping during short-duration excavation work. This type of propping is easier and quicker to install than rigid panels and are better suited to reduced-diameter boring. Work involved measurements in the laboratory and at construction sites, together with mathematical simulations on the mechanical behaviour of pipes. It was concluded that this type of shoring is well suited provided one selects pipes having a minimum specified rigidity. (102194)

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CIS 03-1402 Work-related roadway crashes - Challenges and opportunities for prevention. Pratt S.G., Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Sep. 2003. xiv, 92p. Illus. 181 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-119/

Work-related highway accidents are estimated to have caused 12,000 deaths in the United States between 1992 and 2000. This report provides a comprehensive view of the problem. It identifies the groups of workers at greatest risk, summarizes accident causes and recommends preventive measures. Contents: data on work-related road driving accidents; regulations and standards addressing occupational roadway safety; driver fatigue; special issues relating to truck safety; driver distraction and cell phone use; age-related factors; fleet safety issues; strategies for preventing work-related road driving accidents; research needs. (102170)

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CIS 03-1403 Report on trends in shuttle tanker incidents 1998-2001. Jenman C.A., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 16p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: GBP 10.00., ISBN 0-7176-2719-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr111.pdf

This report reviews the progress made with respect to the safety of tanker off-take on the United Kingdom continental shelf, based on the results of an earlier report covering the years 1997-1998 together with an analysis of the data from 1998 to 2001. It calculates of the hours of exposure and the frequencies of incident types. It concludes that there has been a 59% reduction in the expected frequency of collision between a shuttle tanker and floating production, storage and off-loading (FPSOs) platforms and floating storage units (FSUs). Nevertheless, there is clearly underreporting and blurring of the lines between normal operational procedures and emergency procedures on some vessels with respect to accidental disconnections. (102421)

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CIS 03-1404 Falls from height - Prevention and risk control effectiveness. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. xx, 269 + 136p. Illus. 47 ref. Price: GBP 50.00., ISBN 0-7176-2221-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr116.pdf

This report describes a study across various industries into the underlying factors that influence the occurrence and the prevention of falls from heights. Fall from height accidents reported via the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR) 1995 (see CIS 95-1930) were analysed for the period 1996/2001. It was found that the construction sector had the highest number of falls, but similar fatality rates were found in construction and agriculture. There were few fatalities due to low falls, but low falls made up around 60% of the overall number of falls, with service activities having the highest number of accidents but the lowest accident rate. The highest rate of low falls occurred in the construction sector. (102121)

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CIS 03-1405 Machinery for forestry - Portable hand-held chain-saws - Vocabulary. (French: Matériel forestier - Scies à chaîne portatives - Vocabulaire; Russian: Mašiny dlja lesnogo hozjajstva - Pily benzinomotornye cepnye - Slovar') International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 1999. vii, 17p. Illus. Index. (In English, French, Russian)

Internet:

This international standard defines terms relating to mechanical aspects of hand-held chain-saws, chains and guide bars. (102005)

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CIS 03-1406 Machinery for forestry - Portable hand-held brush-cutters and grass-trimmers - Vocabulary. (French: Matériel forestier - Débroussailleuses et coupe-herbe portatifs - Vocabulaire; Russian: Mašiny dlja lesnogo hozjajstva - Perenosnye ručnye kustorezy I motokosy - Slovar') International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., 1999. vii, 13p. Illus. Index. (In English, French, Russian)

Internet:

This international standard defines terms relating to mechanical aspects for portable hand-held brush-cutters, grass-trimmers and their cutting attachments and power sources. (102006)

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CIS 03-1407 Power presses: Maintenance and thorough examination. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, July 2003. iv, 52p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: GBP 8.50., ISBN 0-7176-2171-5 (In English)

Internet:

This guidance is aimed at users of power presses and persons involved in the installation, maintenance, inspection and testing of power presses. It summarizes the duties of employers under the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) 1998 (CIS 99-1429), gives guidance on maintenance, explains what is required for thorough examination and testing of power presses and explains the responsibilities of the "competent person". The booklet is divided into two parts. Part 1 deals with maintenance and explains what should be maintained and when, and what to do when using contractors. Part 2 deals with initial and periodic inspection and testing (positive key clutches, friction clutch presses, brakes, dual operated valves, interlocking guards, electrosensitive protection systems, safety-related circuits). (102153)

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CIS 03-1408 Mechanical presses with two-hand control systems. (Polish: Prasy mechaniczne z urządzeniami sterowania oburęcznego (USO)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

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This booklet is aimed at workers using mechanical presses with two-hand control systems. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102341)

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CIS 03-1409 Mechanical presses with moving blocking guards. (Polish: Prasy mechaniczne z ruchomymi osłonami blokującymi) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using mechanical presses with moving blocking guards. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102342)

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CIS 03-1410 Mechanical presses with active optoelectronic devices (AOD) (safety light curtains). (Polish: Prasy mechaniczne z aktywnymi urządzeniami optoelektronicznymi (AUO) (kurtynami świetlnymi)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using mechanical presses with active optoelectronic devices. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102343)

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CIS 03-1411 Hydraulic presses with two-hand control devices. (Polish: Prasy hydrauliczne z urządzeniami sterowania oburęcznego (USO)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 6p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using hydraulic presses with two-hand control systems. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102344)

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CIS 03-1412 Hydraulic presses with moving blocking guards. (Polish: Prasy hydrauliczne z ruchomymi osłonami blokującymi) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 6p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using hydraulic presses with moving blocking guards. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102345)

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CIS 03-1413 Hydraulic presses with active optoelectronic devices (AOD) (safety light curtains). (Polish: Prasy hydrauliczne z aktywnymi urządzeniami optoelektronicznymi (AUO) (kurtynami świetlnymi)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using hydraulic presses with active optoelectronic devices. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102346)

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CIS 03-1414 Press brakes with active optoelectronic devices (AOD) (safety light curtains). (Polish: Prasy krawędziowe z aktywnymi urządzeniami optoelektronicznymi (AUO) (kurtynami świetlnymi)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using press brakes with active optoelectonic devices. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102347)

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CIS 03-1415 Hydraulic press brakes with two-hand control devices. (Polish: Prasy krawędziowe hydrauliczne z urządzeniami sterowania oburęcznego (USO)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using hydraulic press brakes with two-hand control devices. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102348)

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CIS 03-1416 Mechanical press brakes with two-hand control devices. (Polish: Prasy krawędziowe mechaniczne z urządzeniami sterowania oburęcznego (USO)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using mechanical press brakes with two-hand control devices. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102349)

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CIS 03-1417 Screw presses with two-hand control devices. (Polish: Prasy śrubowe z urządzeniami sterowania oburęcznego (USO)) Kowalewski S., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 7p. Illus. (In Polish)

Internet:

This booklet is aimed at workers using screw presses with two-hand control devices. It describes a brief test to be conducted daily before and after the start-up of the equipment, and compulsory tests to be performed after its replacement and calibration. These tests allow to ascertain whether the equipment fulfills safety requirements. (102350)

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CIS 03-1418 Preventing injuries when working with hydraulic excavators and backhoe loaders. Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-2002, USA, Nov. 2003. 4p. Illus. 4. ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/wp-solutions/2004-107/default.html

Workers who operate or work near hydraulic excavators and backhoe loaders are at risk of being struck by the machine or by excavator buckets that detach from the excavator stick. NIOSH recommends that injuries and deaths be prevented through training, proper installation and maintenance, good work practices, and use of personal protective equipment. This safety information sheet presents two cases of fatal accidents having occurred by workers being struck by buckets. It also outlines the steps that need to be taken by employers to protect workers from injury while working with or near excavators or backhoe loaders. (102209)

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CIS 03-1419 Prefabricated concrete flooring and admissible execution variables. (French: Planchers préfabriqués en béton et tolérances d'exécution) Moineau J.P., Voisin J.C., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Oct. 2002. 4p. Illus. 8 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.inrs.fr/INRS-PUB/inrs01.nsf/IntranetObject-accesParReference/ED%20102
   …/$File/ed102.pdf

Although the building of concrete flooring with the help of prefabricated elements (honeycomb panels, girders, filling and pre-cast panels) is at first glance a simple process, it is nonetheless responsible for serious accidents involving in most cases serious or fatal injuries. By specifying the admissible design variables, this information sheet emphasizes the importance of a prior study of the safety factors involved during assembly in order to best ensure the prevention of hazards. Contents: definition of the length of the product and the thickness of the support (calculation principles, assessment of the results, examples of calculations, execution variable tolerances). Two accident descriptions are presented in a box. (102215)

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CIS 03-1420 Driving at work - Managing work-related road safety. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Sep. 2003. 21p. Illus. 25 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg382.pdf

It is estimated that one third of road accidents involve persons at work at the time. Health and safety regulations apply to road driving during work similarly to all work activities, and risks need to be effectively managed within a health and safety management system. This guidance note is aimed at employers, managers or supervisors having staff who use road vehicles (including bicycles or motorcycles) in the course of their work. Contents: legal responsibilities; benefits of managing work-related road safety; managing work-related road safety; evaluating the risks on the road. (102168)

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CIS 03-1421 Riving knives for circular saws. (French: Couteaux diviseurs pour scies circulaires) Lamoureux P., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2002. 4p. Illus. 2 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.inrs.fr/htm/couteaux_diviseurs_pour_scies_circulaires.html

The riving knife is a safety component of circular-saw woodworking machines. By avoiding the kick-back of the wood workpiece, it protects the operator. Aimed at safety specialists and users of circular-saw woodworking machines, this information sheet presents a synthesis of data relevant to the safe use of this type of equipment. Contents: introduction; scope of use; regulations and standardization; guidance for the design and mounting of riving knives. (102214)

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CIS 03-1422 Safe use of manually operated cross-cut saws. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Mar. 2001. 4p. Illus. 5 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/wis36.pdf

HSE inspectors investigated 276 serious accidents at manually operated cross-cut saws over a ten-year period. This information note is based on an analysis of the reported causes of these accidents and the measures which could have been taken to prevent them. Topics covered: legal requirements for safeguarding; guards for horizontal-stroking machines; guards for down-stroking machines; fence and work-piece support; specific operations (ripping, trenching, pointing stakes); safe working practices; machine maintenance and adjustment; training and instruction. Reprinted with updated references (replaces CIS 99-2056). (102398)

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CIS 03-1423 Safe use of power-operated cross-cut saws. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, Mar. 2001. 4p. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/wis35.pdf

Power-operated cross-cut saws cause many major injuries every year. HSE inspectors investigated 78 serious accidents over a ten-year period. This information note is based on an analysis of the reported causes of theses accidents and measures which could have been taken to prevent them. Topics covered: legal requirements for safeguarding; guards for semi-automatic machines (machines where the saw spindle is above or below the table); guards for automatic machines; safe working practices; training; other hazards related to power-operated cross-cut saws which should be reduced (noise, dust). Reprinted with updated references (replaces CIS 99-2055). (102400)

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CIS 03-1424 Spindle moulders: Fittings to improve safety. (Spanish: Tupí: accesorios para la mejora de la seguridad) Piqué Ardanuy T., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 2004. 6p. Illus. 6 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/ntp/ntp_645.htm

Spindle moulders are classified among dangerous machinery. This information note describes the accessories that should be fitted to all vertical spindle moulders so as to reduce the risks of accidents. These include: anti-kickback cutter blocks; riving knives; feeding devices; workbench extensions with anti-kickback blocks; workpiece holding devices; continuous guides; push-sticks. (102470)

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CIS 03-1425 Falls and trips. (French: Chutes et faux pas) PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2004. 4p. Illus. 4 ref. (In French)

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Falls of persons represent 26.5% of occupational accidents. 18.7% of these falls are falls on the level. Contents of this information leaflet on the prevention of falls, slips and trips: legal aspects (workplace layout, danger signalling, foot protection, ladders and mobile stairways); prevention of falls within the enterprise (workplace design, analysis of processes and internal traffic flows, signalling of obstacles); prevention of foot diseases and lesions (work posture, work shoes, safety shoes); stepladders, steps and ladders; examples of poor excuses for not wearing safety shoes. (102392)

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CIS 03-1426 Railways (Safety Case) Regulations 2000 including 2001 and 2003 amendments - Guidance on regulations. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. iv, 72p. 37 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2186-3 (In English)

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This publication is aimed at managers, safety advisers and safety representatives of railway operators, including owners of infrastructure, train operators and station operators. It contains Health and Safety Executive (HSE) guidance on the Railways (Safety Case) Regulations 2000 as amended by the Railway Safety (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2001 and Railways (Safety Case) (Amendment) Regulations 2003. They require all operators to prepare a comprehensive safety plan ("safety case"), covering the safety and health of all staff and the public. The 2003 amendments make two changes. Firstly, an independent assessment of the safety case is no longer needed for an assessment body, and secondly, the duty to procure an annual external health and safety audit is transferred from the infrastructure controller to each railway operator. The 2001 amended Guidance on Regulations (see CIS 02-1449) is replaced. (102134)

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[ Top of page ]

010 Biological hazards

CIS 03-1427 Farmers' exposure to airborne microorganisms in composting swine confinement buildings. Rautiala S., Kangas J., Louhelainen K., Reiman M., AIHA Journal, Sep.-Oct. 2003, Vol.64, No.5, p.673-677. 25 ref. (In English)

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Exposure to airborne microorganisms was studied in 12 composting swine confinement buildings and in seven buildings with traditional slatted-floor pit systems. Airborne cultivable mesophilic, xerophilic, and thermotolerant fungi, mesophilic bacteria and thermophilic actinobacteria were determined using a six-stage impactor. Total concentrations of microorganisms were determined with filter sampling and direct counts using a microscope. In swine confinement buildings where the composting system was functioning properly, the concentrations of microorganisms were 10-1000 times higher than in traditional swine buildings. High concentrations were found of thermotolerant fungi and thermophilic actinobacteria (up to 105CFU/m3), considered to be the main causative agents of farmer's lung, in the composting swine confinement buildings that were studied. Therefore, personal protection is strongly recommended in composting swineries, especially during the turning of the compost bed. (102056)

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CIS 03-1428 Analysis of biological exposure hazards in health care institutions. (Spanish: Análisis de los riegos de exposición biológica en centros de salud) Cristóbal Cañadas D., Parrón Carreño T., Carreño Alonso F.J., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.24, p.18-24. Illus. 7 ref. (In Spanish)

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In Spain, there are 12 percutaneous exposure accidents per 100,000 hours worked in hospitals. Biological hazards are the most frequent hazards in health care institutions, and the workers that are at greatest risk of exposure are those in contact with patients or who handle contaminated samples. A questionnaire survey on working conditions and biological exposure hazards was carried out among 48 nurses in a health care institution. Needlestick injuries were the most frequent. 41.7% of the respondents were of the opinion that the institutions where they worked showed deficiencies with respect to the protection of workers against biological hazards. (102229)

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CIS 03-1429 Risk of exposure to germs among waste collection and waste disposal workers. (German: Gefährdung von Beschäftigten bei der Abfallsammlung und -abfuhr durch Keimexpositionen) Neumann H.D., Balfanz J., Becker G., Mathys W., Raulf-Heimsoth M., Ergo-Med, May-June 2002, Vol.26, No.3, p.72-77. Illus. 18 ref. (In German)

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The introduction of waste separation has somewhat modified the working conditions of garbage collectors, in particular with respect to their exposure to bioaerosols. The objective of this study was to evaluate the exposure of garbage collectors, with a focus on determining whether the level of exposure varied as a function of the type of waste stream, the frequency of removal and seasons, and whether it presented a risk to the workers' health. Exposure to fungi, bacteria and bacterial endotoxins was measured under both real and standardized conditions, and 220 garbage collectors were subjected to medical examinations to determine their state of health. Exposure tests show that garbage collectors are exposed to microbial emissions that are significantly higher than background levels (total moulds 202-204 CFU/m3), but nonetheless lower than the expected values. Driver exposures are much lower than those of workers loading the truck. No correlations were found between the state of health and the exposure to microbial germs, and no significant differences were observed between exposure to organic and inorganic waste. (102302)

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CIS 03-1430 Occupational hygiene survey on biological hazards in mycobacterial laboratories: A multicentric study. (Spanish: Encuesta higiénica sobre riesgo biológico en laboratorios de micobacterias: estudio multicéntrico) Vaquero Abellán M., Gómez Caballero P., Garrido Martín M.T., Casal Román M., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.25, p.18-24; 41. Illus. 15 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article presents the results of a cross-sectional epidemiological study involving 26 hospitals in 10 autonomous regions. The aim of the survey was to determine whether laboratories where biological samples containing mycobacteria were handled complied with occupational safety and hygiene regulations, and if workers were sufficiently protected against risks from exposure to biological agents. Factors evaluated in the study included categories of workers, type of work, training in biological hazards and preventive measures. Findings show that laboratories do not fully comply with existing regulations and that the recommended preventive measures are not always followed. (102318)

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CIS 03-1431 Occupational infectious disease risks in the health care industry. Coward P., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 2003, Vol.19, No.1, p.35-44. 40 ref. (In English)

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Health care workers are at risk of exposure to infectious diseases; in addition, pregnant health care workers may be exposed to infectious diseases that are reproductive hazards. This article provides an overview of some of the major infectious risks to which health care workers may be exposed, and discusses appropriate risk management strategies. The following hazards are discussed: blood-borne viruses (hepatitis B and C, HIV); risks to pregnancy (rubella, cytomegalovirus, varicella-zoster, parovirus B19); hepatitis A; tuberculosis; meningococcal disease; pertussis. (102332)

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CIS 03-1432 Helicobacter pylori and hepatitis A and B infections in carers of adults with intellectual disability. Wallace R., Schluter P., Webb P., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 2003, Vol.19, No.1, p.99-108. Illus. 24 ref. (In English)

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Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis A and hepatitis B are common transmissible diseases among adults with intellectual disability. This pilot study was designed to assess the possibility that H. pylori infection might pose an occupational risk, and the extent of hepatitis A and B immunization rates among carers of adults with intellectual disability. The overall rate of H. pylori infection was comparable to that in the general population. However, carers working with currently and previously institutionalized adults with intellectual disability had a higher prevalence of H. pylori infection than carers of never institutionalized clients. Hepatitis immunization rates were better among carers working with clients with a history of institutionalization, but could be improved in all carer groups. (102335)

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CIS 03-1433 Legionellosis - A public health problem with occupational repercussions. (Spanish: Legionelosis - Un problema de salud pública con repercusiones en el ámbito laboral) Villanueva Íñiguez Y., Laborda Grima R., Prevención, Apr.-June 2003, No.164, p.28-38. Illus. 7 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article presents Spanish regulations on the prevention of legionellosis. Contents: legislation; various types of equipment that are subject to the current national regulations; notification of hazardous installations to the competent authority; log of installation maintenance operations; general prevention measures; prevention measures applicable to health care institutions; interventions by sanitary authorities; steps to be undertaken in cases of single outbreaks or epidemics; preventive measures that are referred to in legal texts adopted by the autonomous region of Valencia. (102223)

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CIS 03-1434 Lessons learned from SARS. Rogers M., Accident Prevention, Sep.-Oct. 2003, Vol.50, No.5, p.12-17, 36-37. Illus. (In English)

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This article presents examples of how the Canadian operations of several multinational enterprises with frequent contact with East Asia reacted to the threat of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) among their employees. It outlines the main preventive actions that need to be taken in the event of a new outbreak of SARS. These include hazard evaluation, identification of alternatives such as home work and developing a human resource policy response addressing the issues of absenteeism, safety and health, commuting and travel. Guidance aimed at employers and employees on the main control measures of infectious diseases are also provided, in the form of check lists. (102031)

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CIS 03-1435 Evaluation of HSC's ACOP and Guidance "Legionnaires disease: Control of legionella bacteria in water systems" (L8). Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 104p. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2723-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr140.pdf

This report presents the findings of a research study of industry's views of the Health and Safety Commission's Approved Code of Practice and Guidance entitled "Legionnaires' disease: Control of legionella bacteria in water systems", which was published in 2000. Questionnaires were sent to approximately 6000 individuals and enterprises resulting in 979 responses. Most respondents found the guidance to be easy to understand, although 18% of enforcement officers found the document difficult to understand. The layout was found to be easy to follow with only 6% of respondents rating the document either "difficult" or "very difficult" to read. (102427)

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CIS 03-1436 Microbiological analysis of metal cutting fluids - Exploratory study. (French: Analyse microbiologique des fluides de coupe de métaux - Etude exploratoire) Duchaine C., Veillette M., Cormier Y., Lavoie J., Desjardins F., Bouzid H., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, Aug. 2003. iii, 33p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: CAD 5.35., ISBN 2-551-21843-8 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-341.pdf

The objective of this study was to establish the physical and chemical properties of soluble cutting fluids used in three metalworking enterprises in Quebec, and to evaluate their levels of microbial contamination. The respiratory health of the workers at one of the three enterprises was also determined. Novel analytical methods were employed, including colouring techniques involving fluorescent molecules as well as molecular biology techniques allowing the detection of specifically-targeted mycobacteria. High levels of bacterial contamination were found in these fluids. However, the majority of the strains identified are unlikely to account for the respiratory symptoms observed among the workers (allergic alveolitis). (102294)

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CIS 03-1437 Documenting the endotoxins that are present in the ambient air of textile plants handling cotton fibre in Quebec. (French: Documentation des endotoxines présentes dans l'air ambiant des usines textiles du Québec traitant la fibre de coton) Marchand G., Lalonde M., Pépin C., Beaudet Y., Boivin G., Villeneuve S., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal, Quebec H3A 3C2, Canada, 2003. 35p. Illus. 25 ref. Price: CAD 5.35., ISBN 2-551-22423-3 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-354.pdf

Approximately 13,000 textile industry workers in Quebec are exposed to cotton fibres. Now, it is known that the endotoxins contained in cotton can give rise to lung diseases. This report presents a research project aimed at examining the levels of these toxins at each of the various steps involved in cotton manufacturing, or as a function of raw cotton quality. Endotoxin concentrations in ambient air were determined at five textile plants using the chromogenic LAL (Limulus amoeabacyte lysate) method coupled with kinetic detection. It was thus possible to relate these concentrations to the processing steps and raw cotton quality, and to identify the conditions and techniques that needed modification to enable a better control of endotoxin concentrations at the workplace. (102483)

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CIS 03-1438 Control of legionella bacteria in water systems: Audit checklists. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, May 2003. 19p. Price: GBP 4.25., ISBN 0-7176-2198-7 (In English)

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This document provides checklists designed to help the responsible person in an enterprise audit the arrangements in place to control legionella bacteria in water systems in the premises. Three checklists are presented: one for the auditing of the risk assessment process and two for the auditing of the system itself (cooling towers and hot and cold water services). (102132)

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CIS 03-1439 SARS - Practical and administrative responses to an infectious disease in the workplace. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2004. vi, 46p. 42 ref. + Internet links., ISBN 92-2-115753-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/accidis/sars.pdf

Working paper on practical preventive measures against Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), prepared in collaboration by the SafeWork Programme at ILO Headquarters and the ILO Sub-Regional Office for East Asia in Bangkok. Contents: introduction (the threat of SARS, SARS as an occupational health hazard, action at the national and workplace level); overview of current knowledge about SARS (cause, transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention); practical workplace strategies for the prevention of SARS; administrative action in case of an outbreak of SARS (at the national and workplace level); ethical and psychological considerations concerning SARS. (102072)

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CIS 03-1440 Employers' handbook on HIV/AIDS - A guide for action. (French: Manuel des employeurs sur le VIH/SIDA - Guide pour l'action; Spanish: Manual sobre el VIH/SIDA para empleadores - Guía para la acción) UNAIDS, 20 avenue Appia, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 2002. 39p. Illus. 19 ref., ISBN 92-9173-173-0 (En), ISBN 92-9173-177-3 (fr), ISBN 92-9173-178-1 (es) (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub02/JC767-EmployersHandbook_en.pdf

http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub02/JC767-EmployersHandbook_es.pdf


http://data.unaids.org/Publications/IRC-pub02/JC767-EmployersHandbook_fr.pdf

Across the world, AIDS is having a direct and indirect impact on business. For example, in southern Africa, it is estimated that more than 20% of the population in the 15-49 year-old group are infected with HIV. Employers are experiencing reduced productivity as a result of employee absenteeism and death. This manual is aimed at providing employers' organizations and their members in mitigating the effects of HIV/AIDS on their companies and business environments. Contents: basic facts about HIV/AIDS; world regional trends; economic impact of HIV/AIDS on the business environment and individual enterprises; guidelines for responding to the impact of HIV/AIDS at the workplace aimed at employers' organizations and enterprises; developing an enterprise policy on HIV/AIDS; providing prevention education, care, support and treatment at the workplace; implementing fair employment practices; community involvement; examples of initiatives by employers' organizations and enterprises. (102207)

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CIS 03-1441 Toxic woods. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, June 2001. 4p. 12 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/wis30.pdf

This information sheet describes health hazards associated with the more common toxic woods used in commercial quantities in the United Kingdom. These health hazards include skin, nasal mucous membrane and eye irritation, sensitization dermatitis, respiratory effects including asthma, and septic splinter wounds. Precautions are outlined along with occupational exposure limits. A table lists 52 toxic woods, with their uses and adverse health effects. Reprinted with updated references (replaces CIS 95-1066). (102399)

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[ Top of page ]

011 Physiology, ergonomics

CIS 03-1442 Quality, productivity, occupational health and safety and cost effectiveness of ergonomic improvements in the test workstations of an electronics factory. Yeow P.H.P., Sen R.N., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep. 2003, Vol.32, No.3, p.147-163. Illus. 32 ref. (In English)

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Results of an ergonomic study of workstations where electrical testing is performed in a plant manufacturing printed electronic circuits. Both workers' subjective assessment and direct observation methods were used on the operators to discover the problems at their workstations. The following problems were observed: poor workstation design; mix-ups of tested and untested boards, missing or incorrect test steps, unclear pass/fail criteria for the projected colour test. Ergonomic interventions implemented were: an improved workstation layout with space for resting arms and the oscilloscope and computer keyboards within easy reach of the operators; clear segregation of tested and untested boards to prevent mix-ups; retraining of operators by more qualified trainers; reference colour samples for more effective recognition of different colours in the projection screen. The interventions implemented were simple and inexpensive; nevertheless, they resulted in improved productivity, quality and working conditions. (102041)

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CIS 03-1443 Work related and individual predictors for incident neck pain among office employees working with video display units. Korhonen T., Ketola R., Toivonen R., Luukkonen R., Häkkänen M., Viikari-Juntura E., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.60, No.7, p.475-482. 55 ref. (In English)

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To investigate work-related and individual factors as predictors for neck pain among office employees working with video display units, 515 persons employed in the municipal administration of a medium-sized city in Finland received mailed questionnaires in 1998 and in 1999. Response rate for the first questionnaire was 81%. The follow-up questionnaire was completed by 78%. Neck pain for at least eight days during the preceding 12 months was reported by 34.4% of the participants. It was found that a poor physical work environment and poor placement of the keyboard increased the risk of neck pain. Among the individual factors, female sex and smoking were important predictors of neck pain risk. There was also a relationship between mental stress and physical exercise, persons with higher mental stress and less physical exercise being at a particularly high risk. (102017)

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CIS 03-1444 Work-related upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders - Clinical consensus for the detection of early forms of MSD. (French: Troubles musculosquelettiques du membre supérieur liés au travail - Consensus clinique pour le repérage des formes précoces de TMS) Meyer J.P., Sluiter J., Rest K., Frings-Dresen M., Delaruelle D., Privet L., Roquelaure Y., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Feb. 2002, Vol.63, No.1, p.32-45. 30 ref. (In French)

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The objective of this study was to quantify the incidence of work-related upper-limb musculoskeletal disorders (ULMSD), in order to promote early prevention and to assess the efficiency of this prevention. A clinical tool was developed to record the sub-clinical forms of ULMSD in working populations. It was defined and validated through a systematic literature search to standardize the information on the clinical aspects of early forms of ULMSD. Thirteen disorders were considered, including twelve specific disorders and one general syndrome, for which three clinical aspects are accounted for: symptoms and clinical signs of the ULMSD, their time course and their relation to occupational activity. Three clinical levels were defined: latent (complaints), symptomatic (complaints and time course) and cases (complaints, time course and physical signs). Based on current knowledge, this clinical consensus work enabled the standardization of information on ULMSDs, and in particular on their earliest clinical forms, and to build a database enabling the quantification of the incidence of these disorders and the justification of early prevention measures. This consensus also defined certain criteria that enable the linking of these disorders to occupational factors. (102212)

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CIS 03-1445 The relationship between shift work and the onset of hypertension in male Japanese workers. Sakata K., Suwazono Y., Harada H., Okubo Y., Kobayashi E., Nogawa K., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 2003, Vol.45, No.9, p.1002-1006. 19 ref. (In English)

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This study addresses the effect of shift work on the onset of hypertension. The design was that of a cohort study conducted during 1991-2001, which involved 5338 workers. The event was the onset of hypertension (systolic pressure ≥140mm Hg and/or diastolic pressure ≥90mm Hg and/or the taking of hypertension medication). Logistic regression analyses were performed, including job schedule type, age, body mass index, lifestyle and the results of blood chemistry measurements as covariates. The odds ratio of the onset of hypertension in shift workers was 1.10 and significant. The study revealed that shift work independently affected the onset of hypertension, and suggested that shift work is a risk factor for the onset of hypertension. (102459)

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CIS 03-1446 Physical load analysis of bush cutting work using a biomechanical load model. (Japanese: Seirikigaku-moderu ni yoru kusakari-sagyōji no jintai-fuka-kaiseki) Okumoto Y., Taruoka M., Journal of Science of Labour - Rōdō Kagaku, 2004, Vol.80. No.2, p.49-56. Illus. 8 ref. (In Japanese)

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Reducing physical work load in forestry work is important in Japan, where the majority of forestry workers is quite old (70% are above 50 years of age). This report concerns a study of forestry workers engaged in bush cutting. Physical exertions for lower-level cutting and for work on a slope were difficult to sustain for a long time. It is recommended to limit the duration of continuous cutting work in order to avoid excessive fatigue due to unnatural work postures. (102235)

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CIS 03-1447 General adult male population limited for sizing occupational protective clothing. Laing R., Holland E., Niven B., Webster J., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2003, Vol.19, No.5, p.477-487. Illus. 17 ref. (In English)

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The objectives of this research were to describe the body size and shape of New Zealand forestry workers in order to provide the basis for sizing protective clothing and other products; to identify any differences in dimension between the two main ethnic groups employed in the forestry sector; and to ascertain whether body dimensions of the comparable general New Zealand population (that is, males aged 16-65 years) differ significantly from those of forestry workers and of active firefighters. Sixty-five body measurements were obtained from a sample of 377 New Zealand forestry workers using direct measurement. Comparisons were made with body dimensions of sections of the general New Zealand population, and with body dimensions of active firefighters. It was found that the body dimensions of forestry workers more closely matched those of the general population of males matched by age than did those of active firefighters. (102456)

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CIS 03-1448 Shift work at a modern offshore drilling rig. Rodrigues V.F., Fischer F.M., Brito M.J., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.167-172. 14 ref. (In English)

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The objective of this study was to evaluate how offshore drilling workers perceived shift work and its impact on their living and working conditions. Comprehensive interviews were conducted among 51 shift workers employed in the studied offshore unit. The main features of offshore shift work schedules are long time on board (14 to 28 days), extended shifts (12 hours or more per day), slow rotation (7 to 14 days in the same shift), long sequence of days on the night shift (7 to 14 days in a row) and the extra-long extended journey (18 hours) on shift change and landing days. Interviews revealed a wide range of stressors caused by the offshore shift work, as well as difficulties to conciliate work with family life. The major stressors for the offshore drilling workers were role conflicts and social isolation resulting from changes of the family model, work in hazardous environments, poor sleep when working at night and the imbalance between the expected and actual rewards. (102066)

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CIS 03-1449 Ergonomic interventions for the reduction of low back stress in framing carpenters in the home building industry. Mirka G.A., Monroe M., Nay T., Lipscomb H., Kelaher D., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, June 2003, Vol.31, No.6, p.397-409. Illus. 12 ref. (In English)

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Carpenters in the residential construction sector are exposed to many risk factors for low back disorders. On-site exposure data were collected from a sample of residential carpentry subcontractors and assessed using the continuous assessment of back stress (CABS) methodology. Tasks placing the greatest stress on the low back were identified and prototype ergonomic improvements were developed that reduced exposures to the specific risk factors. These prototypes were then evaluated in the field and their effects on the low back stress and worker productivity were quantified. Three of these ergonomic improvements (a pneumatic wall frame lift, an extension handle for a pneumatic nail gun and a vertical lumber handling system) are presented in this paper. All result in significant reductions in spine compression forces, while the vertical lumber handling system also allowed important gains in productivity. (102011)

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CIS 03-1450 Ergonomic scissors for hairdressing. Boyles J.L., Yearout R.D., Rys M.J., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Sep. 2003, Vol.32, No.3, p.199-207. Illus. 12 ref. (In English)

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For decades, hairdressers have been plagued with repetitive motion injuries. To alleviate these symptoms and improve body mechanics, ergonomically-designed hairdressing scissors were developed and patented by the United States Patent Office. These ergonomic scissors were evaluated to determine if there were significant differences between this design and the standard scissors with respect to hairdressers' preferences and potential for reducing the risk of pain. Altogether, 44 volunteer subjects were provided with ergonomic and regular scissors on consecutive days, and asked to record their preferences and symptoms. On the whole, subjects preferred to use the ergonomic scissors, and when they did so they reported less shoulder and wrist pain. Measurements showed significantly higher grip strength when using ergonomic scissors rather than when they used the regular scissors. Subjects also reported significantly less bending in the wrist when using the ergonomic scissors. (102043)

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CIS 03-1451 Ergonomic analysis of the job of operating theatre nurse: Descriptive study. (Spanish: Análisis ergonómico en enfermería instrumentista: un enfoque descriptivo) Vilela J.A., Díaz T., Sanfeliz A., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.24, p.5-10. Illus. 15 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article describes an ergonomics study of the job of operating theatre nurse based on video observations of nine surgery operations. The head, leg, arm and torso movements, as well as the amplitude of the movements of operating theatre nurses during the operations were analysed. Depending on the workplace layout, two types of problems were observed: raising of the arms above shoulder level in cases where the workbench was too high or a leaning of the torso in cases where it was too low, and numerous examples of lateral bending or torsion of the torso in cases where it was situated beyond the maximum manoeuvring zone. (102228)

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CIS 03-1452 Intervention in shift scheduling and changes in biomarkers of heart disease in hospital wards. Bøggild H., Jeppesen H.J., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Apr. 2001, Vol.27, No.2, p.87-96. Illus. 23 ref. (In English)

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The effect of introducing regularity, few consecutive night shifts, more weekends off, and only 2 different types of shifts (day-evening or day-night) into shift scheduling on biomarkers of heart disease was studied. Ergonomic shift criteria were introduced in a quasi-experimental controlled intervention in four hospital wards. Six wards participated as controls. Altogether 101 nurses and nurses' aides were followed for 6 months with measurements of cholesterol and triglycerides. After 6 months, the HDL-cholesterol level had increased in the intervention group, and the total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels and the total : HDL cholesterol ratio had decreased. Lipids and lipoproteins changed as predicted, both when the changes were assessed in respect to the changes in schedules that resulted from the intervention and the changes that occurred regardless of the intervention. The study suggests that scheduling based on ergonomic criteria is a possible means for reducing the risk of heart disease among shift workers. (102406)

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CIS 03-1453 A novel approach for evaluating level, frequency and duration of lumbar posture simultaneously during work. Jansen J.P., Burdorf A., Steyerberg E., Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, Dec. 2001, Vol.27, No.6, p.373-380. Illus. 17 ref. (In English)

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In this study, statistical models are proposed for determining the essential characteristics of postural loads. A direct registration of lumbar posture was made over a workday with an inclinometer for 64 nurses, 16 housekeepers and 27 office workers. An exposure variation analysis was used to summarize information on the angle of trunk flexion, the time period of maintained postures, and the percentage of work time. A hierarchical regression analysis was used to compare these characteristics. The occupational groups did not differ in either frequency or duration of trunk flexion >30°. Nurses were exposed to longer work times than the office workers with trunk flexions of 30-70° maintained for less than five seconds, whereas office workers experienced longer work times at angles of <30° for longer periods. Comparable differences were found between housekeepers and office workers. This method offers an alternative to conventional ergonomic analysis in which the dynamics of exposure are often ignored. (102012)

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CIS 03-1454 The impact of participatory ergonomics on working conditions, quality and productivity. Motamedzade M., Shahnavaz H., Kazemnejad A., Azar A., Karimi H., International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 2003, Vol.9, No.2, p.135-147. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

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This article describes a participatory ergonomic model designed for improving working conditions, quality and productivity in a medium-sized manufacturing enterprise by making use of a Supportive Expert Team (SET). In order to implement the model, a team-based structure consisting of a Steering Committee (SC) and two Action Groups (AGs) was designed and a five-phase methodology was followed. To validate the model, a similar factory was selected as control. Performance of the model was successful throughout the project. AGs under the supervision of the SC and the support of the SET designed and implemented several ergonomics solutions using local resources. The findings showed that, in comparison with the control factory, the application of this model provides a more humanized work environment as well as improvements in efficiency and cost. (102034)

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CIS 03-1455 Flexible working hours and well-being in Finland. Kandolin I., Härmä M., Toivanen M., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.35-40. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

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According to a survey of 1790 Finnish employees during 2000, a majority of male (76%) and female (65%) employees usually worked overtime and/or were subject to irregular working hours every month. Individual latitude of working hours was far less common, only one third of male and female employees being able to regulate their working hours. A better balance between company-controlled and individual flexibility would, however, improve the well-being of employees. Employees working overtime without being allowed to regulate their working hours felt more symptoms of distress and difficulties in combining workplace and family roles than those who could individually determine their working hours flexibly. An investment in individually determined flexibility, for example by means of participatory planning, would improve the well-being of employees, and thus also improve the productivity of the organization. (102061)

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CIS 03-1456 Shiftwork, age and well-being: Recent developments and future perspectives. Härmä M., Kandolin I., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.287-293. Illus. 33 ref. (In English)

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The working population is aging fast in most European countries. The health and well-being of elderly shift workers depend on the interaction of several individual, medical, psychosocial and job-related factors. These factors are related to the biological aging process, but also to changes in one's individual life situation and the needs of the aging shift worker. Data on age-specific solutions in working hours are limited, but the few published intervention studies support the use of individual flexibility, rapid forward-rotating shift systems and earlier shift start-end times in three-shift work. In addition to the development of shift schedules, other measures to improve the health and well-being of aging shift workers should be focused on the improvement of occupational health care and the promotion of appropriate sleep and circadian rhythm coping mechanisms. (102069)

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CIS 03-1457 Ergonomic approach to the evaluation of repetitive movements in production processes. (Spanish: Metodología ergonómica para la evaluación de movimientos repetitivos en los procesos productivos) Iglesias Traserra J., Prevención, July-Sep. 2003, No.165, p.10-26. Illus. 6 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article presents an approach to the carrying out of an ergonomic evaluation of assembly-line workplaces and analysing tasks requiring the use of equipment or tools that involve repetitive or cyclical movements of upper extremities. Within the workplaces and tasks to be evaluated, the first step consists of identifying the critical operations and body parts involved. Next, the data are collected by means of questionnaires based on systematic observations (effort index method or RULA method) or video recordings. The evaluation is carried out with the help of a computer application that integrates the data collected with ergonomic criteria. Finally, an evaluation report is prepared for each workplace or task analysed, mentioning the ergonomic improvements to be implemented. (102184)

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CIS 03-1458 Ergonomic evaluation of body movements and postures in the industrial sector. (French: Evaluation ergonomique des gestes et postures dans le secteur industriel) Khalfallah T., Akrout M., Henchi A., Chaari N., Hamdi L., Chadly A., SST - Santé et Sécurité au Travail, Oct. 2002, No.23, p.24-29. Illus. 18 ref. (In French)

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This ergonomic analysis was carried out within an electronic component assembly enterprise employing 85 women, of which one third showed symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the neck and upper extremities at the time of periodical medical examinations. Through job studies, it was possible to observe the strongly repetitive nature of body movements during assembly and welding, as well the wide flexions of the wrist during welding and testing. Ergonomic improvements are proposed for assembly, welding and testing tasks. (102292)

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CIS 03-1459 The effects of double-shifts (15.5 hours) on sleep, fatigue and health. Kecklund G., Ekstedt M., Åkerstedt T., Dahlgren A., Samuelson B., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.53-58. Illus. 14 ref. (In English)

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The aim of this study was to investigate how "double-shifts" (15.5h) affect sleep, fatigue and self-rated health. The study involved 48 male construction workers working during two work periods, with each work period consisting of two consecutive double shifts. The subjects filled in a sleep/wake diary and responded to a questionnaire on several occasions during the course of a year. The results showed that sleepiness, and to a certain extent, mental fatigue, increased during double shifts and accumulated across days. The short rest time (8.5h) between days allowed an insufficient sleep period of approximately 5.5h. Questionnaire data showed that complaints of insufficient sleep, exhaustion on awakening and pain symptoms increased across the year. It was concluded that a shift system involving double shifts has a negative effect on fatigue, recovery and well-being. (102062)

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CIS 03-1460 Legal issues in accidents caused by sleepiness. Rajaratnam S.M.W., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.107-111. 19 ref. (In English)

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This paper describes legal cases involving accidents attributed to sleepiness or fatigue, mainly as a consequence of shift-work or prolonged work hours, in the United Kingdom, USA and Australia, how the legal systems are dealing with such incidents and how this may change in the future. Accidents related to sleepiness may result in criminal prosecution, for example in charges of culpable driving. For acts involving motor vehicle accidents, the legal question of voluntariness may be raised. Employers may be deemed liable for injuries of third parties caused by wrongful acts of employees committed in the course of their employment. In the future, it is likely that employers will need to take greater precautions to reduce sleepiness and fatigue in the workplace, especially where the risk to public and environmental safety, health and productivity are significant. (102063)

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CIS 03-1461 Multi-task evaluation of physical workload. (Spanish: Evaluación multitarea de la carga física) Idoate García V.M., Pollán Rufo M., Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 2003, Vol.23, No.90, p.19-27. Illus. 14 ref. (In Spanish)

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This article describes a method for evaluating complex tasks based on the weighted average obtained by the REBA (Rapid Entire Body Assessment) method. It examines the physical workload of each of the various sub-tasks on the lower and upper extremities and carries out the weighting based on the time spent on each of the sub-tasks. This method enables the obtaining of a single value for all the tasks. Two modes of calculation are presented with the help of examples (an extended calculation and a simplified calculation). (102226)

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CIS 03-1462 Six essential issues concerning study methods of workers' fatigue. (Japanese: Rōdōsha no hirō no kenkyū-hōhō ni kansuru shomondai) Saitō Y., Journal of Science of Labour - Rōdō Kagaku, 2004, Vol.80, No.1, p.30-37. 11 ref. (In Japanese)

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Six main factors of fatigue in Japanese workers are explored: definition of fatigue and its relationship to work and other activities; changes in study methods and the concept of "burden"; physiological and psychological results of fatigue and the concept of recovery; biological aspects of fatigue; social aspects of fatigue; over-fatigue. (102234)

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CIS 03-1463 Practice of job rotation in an automobile assembly plant - Exploratory study. (French: La pratique de la rotation des postes dans une usine d'assemblage automobile - Etude exploratoire) Vézina N., St-Vincent M., Dufour B., St-Jacques Y., Cloutier E., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, Aug. 2003. vi, 88p. Illus. 42 ref. Price: CAD 13.00., ISBN 2-551-21841-1 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-343.pdf

This survey on job rotation was carried out in an automobile assembly plant where the management was in favour of extending the degree of job rotation, but where the union was reticent. Two ergonomics experts inspected four assembly units, and observed and interviewed 250 workers. Results of the survey show that only 10.8% of the workers, essentially the younger workers, currently practiced job rotation. The perceived advantages of rotation were lower levels of monotony and physical constraints, as well as improved promotion prospects. The main reasons for reluctance were the fear of changing for more demanding work and training difficulties. The importance of training is confirmed by the job studies. (102290)

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CIS 03-1464 Working time - Its impact on safety and health. Spurgeon A., Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency (KOSHA), ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. 143p. Illus. 220 ref., ISBN 89-950050-1-7 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/condtrav/pdf/wtwo-as-03.pdf

This report analyses the effects of hours of work and the organization of working time on workers' safety and health. Main topics covered: current trends (number of hours, shift work, non-standard working hours); methodological issues; working time and health (mental health, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and reproductive disorders, effects in special work groups); working time and safety; individual differences (age, sex, circumstances, personality and behaviour, health status, job type); intervention strategies (work-schedule organization, modification of the work environment, modification of individual responses, training and education); practical recommendations for the management of working time (risk assessment, hazard identification, control measures, monitoring and adjustment of intervention measures; research needs). (102108)

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CIS 03-1465 Risk estimation for musculoskeletal disorders in machinery design - Integrating a user perspective. Ringelberg J.A., Koukoulaki T., European Trade Union Technical Bureau for Health and Safety, TUTB, Bd du Roi Albert II, 5 bte 5, B-1210 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2002. 79p. Illus. 44 ref. Price: EUR 25.00., ISBN 2-930003-41-3 (In English)

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Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) affect over 40 million workers in Europe. Current European legislation includes some ergonomic provisions related to MSD prevention, but does not adequately address specifically upper extremity MSD risks. Furthermore, no specific equipment use or design methodologies have been developed at a European level to estimate or evaluate risks for MSD. This guide offers a collection of methods that may prove helpful in estimating MSD risk factors in machinery design including a step-by-step evaluation of the risk of MSD. Various methods for evaluating the different risks (static postures and movements, manual handling of loads, muscular effort, repetitive movements, hand-arm vibration, whole- body vibration, energetic load) and integrated hazard evaluation procedures are proposed. A questionnaire for the determination of physical strain is included in an appendix. (102129)

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CIS 03-1466 Methodological problems of ergonomic design in machinery construction. (Polish: Metodologiczne problemy projektowania ergonomicznego w budowie maszyn) Słowikowski J., Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy, ul. Czerniakowska 16, 00-701 Warszawa, Poland, 2000. 190p. Illus. 89 ref., ISBN 83-87354-69-4 (In Polish)

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This publication presents ergonomics as a integral element of the engineering design phase of machinery and equipment. The impact of ergonomics on engineering occurs at four levels: in the systems approach to designing, in training, during industrial operations and in applying innovative thinking to the process of machinery design. The practical aspects of ergonomics can be applied to the design of components and assembled systems made up from these components. Various aspects of applying ergonomics to the machinery and equipment design process are discussed. (102438)

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CIS 03-1467 Semi-autonomous teams and occupational safety and health - Update of the survey of published literature and of the semi-autonomous teamwork model. (French: Equipes semi-autonomes et santé et sécurité du travail - Mise à jour de la recension des écrits et du modèle d'organisation du travail en équipes semi-autonomes) Roy M., Saint-Jacques D., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec) H3A 3C2, Canada, May 2003. viii, 72p. Illus. 244 ref. Price: CAD 7.50., ISBN 2-551-21809-8 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/B-065.pdf

Contents of this literature survey on the consequences of semi-autonomous teamwork (SAT) on the safety, health and well-being of workers in enterprises having adopted this mode of work organization: definition and importance of this mode of work; SAT implementation process; SAT performance; SAT models and success factors. Overall, results appear to be mixed and the hoped-for advantages have often not been achieved. (102191)

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CIS 03-1468 Injuries due to physical overload. (French: Les lésions dues à la surcharge) Hermans V., Op De Beeck R., Van den Broek K., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2001. 35p. Illus. 24 ref. Price: EUR 16.95., ISBN 2-87112-082-X (In French)

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Despite increasing mechanization and automation, workers are still faced with high levels of physical workload. While it is true that certain types of heavy muscular work have been eliminated, physical tasks involving new risks have appeared. These tasks are characterized by prolonged work in the same often awkward posture and by monotonous and repetitive movements. This booklet addresses the issue of potential relationships between work and the incidence of body lesions, specifically of the upper extremities. (102269)

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CIS 03-1469 Ergonomics of office work. (French: L'ergonomie du travail de bureau) Op De Beeck R., Van den Broek K., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2001. 31p. Illus. 19 ref. Price: EUR 16.95., ISBN 2-87112-081-1 (In French)

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The ergonomics of office work concerns persons who work in office environments or use office equipment. New trends in office work include home work and teleworking. Rapid technological developments allow new possibilities, but also involve new risks. This booklet highlights the risk factors that are present in office work environments and proposes prevention measures. In particular, it discusses the advantages and disadvantages of laptop computers and flat screens, as well as of voice recognition technology as a means of data entry. In appendix: check list for the assessment of work at a VDU. (102270)

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CIS 03-1470 Ergonomics - Ergonomics of human-system interaction - Human-centred lifecycle process descriptions. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 2000. vi, 28p. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

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This technical report is intended to assist persons involved in the design, use and assessment of lifecycle processes for systems, hardware and software. It contains a formalized model based on human-centred processes described in ISO 13407. (102004)

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CIS 03-1471 Ergonomics of human-system interaction - Specification for the process assessment of human-system issues. International Organization for Standardization (ISO), Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1st ed., 2003. Also, downloadable at: http://www.iso.org/iso/en/prods-services/ISOstore/store.html. v, 92p. Illus. 16 ref. Price: CHF 184.00. (In English)

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This publicly available specification presents a human-systems model for use in ISO/IEC 15505-conformant assessment of the maturity of an organization in performing the processes that make a system usable, healthy and safe. It describes the processes that address human-system issues and the outcomes of each process. (102101)

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[ Top of page ]

012 Stress, psychosocial factors

CIS 03-1472 Infuence of stress on human fertility. (German: Einfluss von Stress auf die Fertilität des Menschen) Freude G., Ullsperger P., Ergo-Med, May-June 2002, Vol.26, No.3, p.82-89. 38 ref. (In German)

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This article presents the findings of a literature review on the influence of stress on fertility, an aspect little considered so far in publications on stress. It is not disputed that stress is an important factor in influencing the onset of reproductive disorders, both in men and women. Among women, stress induces chronic anovulation, psychogenic amenorrhoea, false pregnancies, menstrual disorders, increased prolactin levels and miscarriages. Among men, stress induces lower sperm counts, lower sperm mobility, changes in sperm morphology, impotence, ejaculatory disorders, and lower levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. (102303)

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CIS 03-1473 Effects of stress on psychophysiological parameters of electricity distribution network controllers in Ukraine. Bobko N., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.351-355. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

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Electricity distribution controllers are responsible for balancing supply and demand for electricity under planned and unforeseen equipment shut-downs and network disruptions. To study the effects of stress on the cognitive performance and the cardiovascular system of controllers, 16 controllers working 12-hour shifts were studied. A five-point scale was used to estimate the perceived level of stress. The most pronounced changes in heart rate, circulatory minute volume and Kerdo's vegetative index were found during the first day shift and less pronounced changes appeared during the first night shift. Effects of stress on the studied parameters were not found during the second consecutive day or night shift. Increased stress causes the activation of psychophysiological functions that are indispensable for ensuring work efficiency under increased production demands. However, the necessary activation could not be maintained during the second consecutive 12-hour shifts. There was no observed effect of stress on short-term memory. (102070)

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CIS 03-1474 Job stress among female flight attendants. MacDonald L.A., Deddens J.A., Grajewski B.A., Whelan E.A., Hurrell J.J., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.45, No.7, p.703-714. 34 ref. (In English)

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The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between job stressors and psychological distress and job dissatisfaction among female flight attendants. 73 flight attendants employed at two commercial airlines completed a detailed questionnaire. Standard questions and scale measures were used to assess job stressors, psychological distress and job dissatisfaction. The association between job stressors and these outcomes was evaluated using multiple regression analysis. Except for fatigue, overall levels of distress and job dissatisfaction indicators were moderate to low. However, certain specific job stressors were found to have a substantive effect on these outcomes, following adjustment for individual factors. Despite moderate-to-low levels of distress and dissatisfaction, targeted efforts to reduce these job stressors and to enhance social support should be important steps toward improving the well-being and satisfaction of flight attendants. (102044)

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CIS 03-1475 Psychosocial and other related factors contributing to road accidents in ports. Mohanty P.K., INDOSHNEWS, Jan.-Mar. 2002, Vol.7, No.1, p.7-11. 8 ref. (In English)

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The objectives of this study were to investigate the psychosocial factors contributing to road accidents in ports, to establish the importance of other factors and to suggest remedial actions. 727 vehicle drivers and 119 managers participated in the study. Participants responded to questionnaires and were administered a series of psychological tests. Accident reports from the port administration records were also analysed. It was found that there were three main factors contributing to accidents: poor vehicle conditions, environmental factors such as weather and behavioural factors including stress, driving at excessive speeds because of incentive payments and driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics. A number of recommendations are proposed for reducing the level of road accidents in ports. (102390)

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CIS 03-1476 Occupational violence/bullying in the maritime industry: A pilot study. Mayhew C., Grewal D., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Oct. 2003, Vol.19, No.5, p.457-463. 23 ref. (In English)

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In this study on violence and bullying among seafarers, data were gathered from 108 seafarers of various nationalities by means of questionnaires and structured interviews. The international seafaring labour force was found to exhibit all the characteristics of the precarious labour force: weak labour market position, long hours of work, comparatively poor pay and frequency of violence and bullying. Such findings were not unexpected, given recent comprehensive studies of precarious labour in other industry sectors. However, the major differentiating factor was that seafaring crews are often multicultural, and this sometimes exacerbated tensions, leading to interracial violence, for example. Because most seafarers usually work far from their home social support networks, their vulnerability to a range of exploitative mechanisms is heightened. The implementation of the in-progress ILO code of practice on violence and stress at work in the service sector, based on the report entitled "Violence at work" (see CIS 00-599), may be a key step in reducing the risks of violence and bullying among seafarers. (102454)

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CIS 03-1477 Stress factors among police officers. (French: Les facteurs de stress des fonctionnaires de police) Paganon-Badinier I., Deschamps F., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Feb. 2002, Vol.63, No.1, p.46-52. 16 ref. (In French)

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Police work has been cited in numerous publications as being a particularly stressful occupation. Police personnel are among workers whose exposure to traumatic events, such as during help to victims of accidents or crimes, is a constant feature of their professional duty. Various studies have evaluated this stress by means of self-administrated questionnaires. It was found that stress among policemen did not differ significantly from that of other occupational groups, with several specific aspects, however. It is often the source of family conflicts. The maximum level of stress is found among policemen of intermediate rank, having 10 to 20 years of service and between 30 and 40 years of age. Perceived stress is higher for psychological and organizational stressors than for routine operational duties. An accumulating body of evidence suggests that policemen often suffer from the consequences of management errors and weak organizational systems, with resulting absenteeism. (102213)

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CIS 03-1478 "Internal" occupational violence (or bullying) in the health care industry. Mayhew C., Chappell D., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 2003, Vol.19, No.1, p.59-71. 125 ref. (In English)

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This article focuses on "internal" occupational violence (or bullying) in the health care industry. Analysis of the findings of a range of international research studies indicate at least 8% of health care workers experience bullying of one sort or another from their colleagues each year. A further proportion are the recipients of more overt violence from colleagues. The article argues that these internal violent events are manifest on an escalating continuum of abuse, imposition of unreasonable work practices, threats and physical violence. Thus, the incidents differ in severity. Victims subjected to repeated humiliations and threats suffer diminished well-being and reduced productivity. It is concluded that holistic organization-wide prevention strategies are required for effectively reducing the risks of bullying in health care settings. (102333)

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CIS 03-1479 Objective criteria for the evaluation of the workload resulting from psychosocial and organizational factors. (Spanish: Criterios objetivos para la evaluación de la carga de trabajo derivada de factores psicosociales y organizacionales) Gracia Camón D.Á., Mapfre seguridad, 2nd Quarter 2003, Vol.23, No.90, p.29-37. Illus. (In Spanish)

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The purpose of this research was to develop a computer-based tool for the objective evaluation of the mental workload resulting from psychosocial and organizational factors. The study focussed on two occupations, professors and telephone operators. This article describes the approach used for the detailed analysis of the jobs so as to highlight risk factors (psychological, organizational, social and relating to the layout of the premises). Two mental workload evaluation tools were developed as a result of this analysis, one for the university professors and the other for the telephone operators. They enable the evaluation of the hazards inherent to the job and to propose prevention measures. (102227)

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CIS 03-1480 The effect on ambulatory blood pressure of working under favourably and unfavourably perceived supervisors. Wager N., Fieldman G., Hussey T., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.60, No.7, p.468-474. Illus. 61 ref. (In English)

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To investigate the role played by employees' perceptions of their supervisors' interactional styles in causing workplace stress, a field study was carried out among female healthcare workers. Allocation to the experimental and control groups was based on participants' responses to a questionnaire on their supervisors' interactional style. The 13 subjects reported working under two very divergently perceived supervisors on different days while the 15 controls worked either under one supervisor, or two similarly-perceived supervisors. Blood pressure was recorded every 30min over a 12-hour period during three days. The control group showed a 3mm Hg difference in systolic pressure (SBP) and a non-significant difference in diastolic pressure (DBP) between the two supervisor conditions. The experimental group showed significantly higher SBP (15mm Hg) and DBP (7mm Hg) when working under a less favoured compared to a favoured supervisor. In conclusion, an unfavourably perceived supervisor is a potent workplace stressor, which might have a significant impact on supervisees' cardiovascular functioning. (102016)

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CIS 03-1481 Psychosocial factors at work and self reported health: Comparative results of cross sectional and prospective analyses of the French GAZEL cohort. Niedhammer I., Chea M., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, July 2003, Vol.60, No.7, p.509-515. 47 ref. (In English)

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To explore the relationship between psychosocial factors at work and self-reported health, cross-sectional and prospective analyses were carried out on data from a large occupational cohort of men and women employed at a large French gas and electricity utility. Psychosocial factors at work were evaluated using the Karasek questionnaire, designed to measure psychological demands, decision latitude, social support and physical demands. Self-reported health was used as health outcome. Variables analysed included chronic diseases, and socio-demographic, occupational and behavioural factors. Cross-sectional analysis revealed significant associations between psychological demands, decision latitude, social support and physical demands, as well as self-reported health for both men and women. Prospective analysis showed that high psychological demands for both sexes, low decision authority for men, and low social support and high physical demands for women, were related to poor self-reported health. These results were independent of potential confounding variables. (102019)

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CIS 03-1482 The Trier Inventory for the Assessment of Chronic Stress (TICS): Scale construction, statistical testing and validation of the scale on work overload. (German: Trierer Inventar zur Erfassung von chronischem Streß (TICS): Skalenkonstruktion, teststatistische Überprüfung und Validierung der Skala Arbeitsüberlastung) Schulz P., Schlotz W., Diagnostica, 1999, Vol.45, No.1, p.8-19. Illus. 52 ref. (In German)

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A questionnaire for the measurement of chronic stress was designed to determine the frequency and severity of occurrence of six aspects of chronic stress: work overload, work dissatisfaction, social stress, lack of social recognition, anxiety and intrusive memories. The chronicity of stress is measured by the frequency of stress events perceived retrospectively in these areas. The answers are given on a five-point rating scale. Checks of the reliability and internal consistency yielded satisfactory results. The validity of work overload scale has been confirmed so far in various studies. A significant correlation was found between work overload and tinnitus, a more than normal reduction of the stress hormone cortisol and chronic exhaustion. (102029)

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CIS 03-1483 Job stress, social support at work and insomnia in Japanese shift workers. Nakata A., Haratani T., Takahashi M., Kawakami N., Arito H., Fujioka Y., Shimizu H., Kobayashi F., Araki S., Journal of Human Ergology, Dec. 2001, Vol.30, No.1-2, p.203-209. 27 ref. (In English)

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To study the relationship between psychological job stress and insomnia in shift workers, a self-administered questionnaire concerning job stress, sleep, depressive symptoms and lifestyle factors was submitted to a sample of 530 rotating shift workers in an electric equipment manufacturing company. Perceived job stress was assessed using the Japanese version of the Job Content Questionnaire. Overall prevalence of insomnia was 37.8%. Logistic regression analyses showed that lower social support at work was significantly associated with a greater risk of insomnia than the higher social support (odds ratio (OR) 2.5). Higher job strain with lower social support at work increased the risk, compared to lower strain with higher support at work (OR 1.5). The findings suggest the low social support at work is independently associated with insomnia in shift workers. (102067)

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CIS 03-1484 Staying well or burning out at work: Work characteristics and personal resources as long-tem predictors. Kalimo R., Pahkin K., Mutanen P., Toppinen-Tanner S., Work and Stress, Apr.-June 2003, Vol.17, No.2, p.109-122. Illus. 40 ref. (In English)

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The aim of this longitudinal study was to recognize the work characteristics and personal resources that are associated with burnout symptoms in the long term. The empirical analyses are based on questionnaire responses of a sample of 174 workers of a forestry enterprise at two 10-year intervals. Participants were classified according to the degree of their burnout symptoms. Four job-related factors, five factors relating to organizational culture, 10 work environment hazards and three individual variables were used as predictors. All the significant changes in work and personal resources during 10 years had shifted to the positive direction among workers with no burnout symptoms, and to the negative direction among those with serious burnout. Both the cross-sectional and the longitudinal predictors showed that factors related to the social processes at work seem to be crucial to burnout. Of the individual resources, a strong sense of coherence appears to be of particular importance. (102081)

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CIS 03-1485 Job insecurity as a risk factor for common infections and health complaints. Mohren D.C.L., Swaen G.M.H., van Amelsvoort L.G.P.M., Borm P.J.A., Galama J.M.D., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2003, Vol.45, No.2, p.123-129. 30 ref. (In English)

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The aim of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional and longitudinal impact of job insecurity on common infections and health complaints. Self-administered questionnaire data were used from the Maastricht Cohort Study comprised of 12,140 subjects. Generalized Estimating Equations analyses were applied to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals. A cross-sectional relationship between job insecurity and common infections or health complaints was found. For the longitudinal relationship, the largest effect was found for flu-like illness (OR 1.39) and health complaints (OR 1.51). Corrections were additionally made for health behaviour, the presence of a long-standing illness, and work-related demands, resulting in lower ORs. Increases in common infections or health complaints have a substantial impact on employee well-being and may result in economic consequences for the company. (102083)

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CIS 03-1486 Organizational climate, perceived work-related symptoms and sickness absence: A population-based survey. Piirainen H., Räsänen K., Kivimäki M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 2003, Vol.45, No.2, p.175-184. Illus. 40 ref. (In English)

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The aim of this study was to determine how the perceived organizational climate of a workplace is related with work-related symptoms and sickness absence and how these factors vary according to socio-demographic and work-related characteristics. Data were collected in computer-assisted telephone interviews of a random sample of 4209 currently employed people drawn from the Finnish population register. A tense and prejudiced climate was associated with a higher risk of work-related symptoms than a relaxed and supportive climate (odds ratio [OR] 3.0). The corresponding ORs were 4.3 for psychological symptoms, 1.6 for musculoskeletal symptoms, and 1.6 for more than the average number of sick-leave days. Thus, organizational climate appears related not only to organizational practices and leadership but also to occupational health. Organizational climate could be used as a research tool in attempts to reduce work-related ill health and sickness absenteeism. (102084)

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CIS 03-1487 Clinical cohort study of patients who have suffered harassment: A quantitative sociological study. (French: Etude d'une cohorte clinique de patients harcelés: une approche sociologique quantitative) De Gasparo C., Grenier-Pezé M., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 2003, No.95, p.307-331. Illus. 30 ref. (In French)

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This study involved 94 persons (31 men and 63 women) who consulted for bullying between June 1999 and December 2001 in a hospital department specializing in treating patients suffering from various forms of mental distress due to occupational factors. Patients were subjected to clinical examinations and responded to a 300-item questionnaire. Data were analysed to shed light on the following factors: characteristics of the victims of bullying (by sex, family situation, age and level of education); characteristics of the enterprises where the bullying took place (sectors of activity, working conditions, work organization); how the bulling process is initiated; characteristics of the bullying perpetrators (sex, hierarchical level); bullying techniques; consequences of bullying. (102282)

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CIS 03-1488 Tools for evaluating mental workload at the workplace. (German: Instrumentarien zur Erfassung mentaler Belastungen am Arbeitsplatz) Escobar Pinzón L.C., Jung D., Muttray A., Letzel S., Ergo-Med, May-June 2002, Vol.26, No.3, p.67-71. 28 ref. (In German)

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Mental workload at work is an issue that is attracting increasing attention. This article briefly describes the various approaches that enable an evaluation of the effects of mental workload, with emphasis on neuropsychological methods (electroencephalograms, measurement of electrical voltage response to events, pupillometry, pulse rate analysis), parameters for evaluating how stress occurs and various psychological tests (JCQ, ERI, TICS, FIT). The quantitative evaluation of mental workload at work involves interdisciplinary collaboration between the medical, scientific and occupational psychology fields to develop models that highlight causal relationships between the various parameters so as to enable the development of analytical methods that result in reliable data. (102301)

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CIS 03-1489 Factors that determine the frequency of bullying and its relationship with social working conditions at the workplace. (German: Mobbingsmaße und -faktoren sowie bestehende Zusammenhänge mit sozialen Arbeitsplatzbedingungen) Willingstorfer B., Schaper N., Sonntag K., Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 2002, Vol.46 No.3, p.111-125. Illus. 27 ref. (In German)

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This article presents the results of two studies aimed at evaluating the extent of workplace bullying. In the first study, 61 subjects responded to various questionnaires designed to enable the evaluation of the intensity of bullying (scale of social stress factors, autoevaluation of the situations experienced personally and two scales for evaluating reactions to bullying). It was found that the frequency of bullying provides a measure of its intensity. In the second study, 150 employees of a services enterprise replied to several questionnaires, including the Björkqvist and Oesterman Work Harassment Scale, aimed at determining the extent of bullying, social stress factors, working conditions and job satisfaction. Findings show that men are more often victims of bullying than women. Among victims, negative evaluations were found for working conditions, ratings of supervisors and colleagues, job satisfaction and participation. (102306)

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CIS 03-1490 Seven safety principles based on behaviour. (Spanish: Siete principios de la seguridad basada en los comportamientos) Montero Martínez R., Prevención, trabajo y salud, 2003, No.25, p.4-11. Illus. 18 ref. (In Spanish)

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The last few years have witnessed the increasing importance of behaviour-based safety within the framework of safety management systems. This article defines the basic principles for the implementation of a safety management system that takes human behaviour into account: focusing on behaviour; observing and quantifying the different types of behaviour; clearly defining behaviour; making use of the potential consequences of behaviour (feedback and reinforcement); managing the behaviour (safety training and definition of objectives); encouraging participation; maintaining a high standard of professional ethics; designing a strategy and adhering to the model defined. (102316)

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CIS 03-1491 Aboriginal health workers, emotional labour, obligatory community labour and OHS. Williams C., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Feb. 2003, Vol.19, No.1, p.21-34. 43 ref. (In English)

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This article discusses the concepts of "emotional labour" and "obligatory community labour", to examine the occupational safety and health hazards and outcomes for Aboriginal primary health care workers in South Australia. Aboriginal health workers use their own emotions as cultural brokers to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal patients. Working in this community involves extra duties associated with Aboriginal identity, which are essential parts of the job. Interviews of 29 Aboriginal health care workers revealed that they exhibited very high levels of emotional exhaustion, levels which give cause for concern. The workers frequently came to these jobs with a profile of impaired physical health from previous hazardous occupations. Their current health-care jobs are made more stressful because of racism, low standards of cultural sensitivity among their non-Aboriginal colleagues and abuse from patients. (102331)

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CIS 03-1492 Evaluation of mental health at the workplace: Analysis of human resource management practices. (French: Evaluation de la santé mentale au travail: une analyse des pratiques de gestion des ressources humaines) Brun J.P., Biron C., Martel J., Ivers H., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail du Québec (IRSST), 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montreal (Quebec), H3A 3C2, Canada, Aug. 2003. ix, 88p. Illus. 135 ref. Price: CAD 7.49., ISBN 2-551-21840-3 (In French)

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http://www.irsst.qc.ca/htmfr/pdf_txt/R-342.pdf

As part of a systematic and strategic approach to the prevention of problems caused by occupational stress, the objective of this study was to measure the extent of mental health problems at the workplace and to highlight organizational factors perceived by employees as being detrimental to their mental health. It was also aimed at evaluating prevention and human resource management efforts with respect to organizational risk factors. 3142 workers of four organizations (higher learning institution, metalworking enterprise, hospital, tree nursery) responded to a questionnaire, and the data collected were subjected to statistical analyses. 56 participants were also interviewed. Findings are worrying. Indeed, 43.4% of the respondents declared to be suffering from high levels of psychological distress, with the highest rates among hospital staff. Societal consequences are discussed, and a number of proposals are made for improving working conditions through a more humane approach to work organization. (102289)

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CIS 03-1493 Beacons of excellence in stress prevention. Jordan J., Gurr E., Tinline G., Giga S., Faragher B., Cooper C., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 194p. Illus. 128 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2709-8 (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr133.pdf

This report presents the results of work carried out to identify good practice in stress prevention among organizations within the United Kingdom. It summarizes conclusions from scientific studies on stress prevention published over the last decade, and uses this information, as well as advice from a panel of international experts, to develop a comprehensive stress prevention model. This model is then used to describe examples of stress prevention practices within a wide range of organizations. Finally, the report presents case studies for each aspect of the good practice model, together with examples of practice in various organizations. (102425)

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CIS 03-1494 Best practice in rehabilitating employees following absence due to work-related stress. Thomson L., Neathey F., Rick J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. vi, 147p. 57 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2715-2 (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr138.pdf

This survey identifies 12 specific examples of best rehabilitation practices following the absence due to stress-related illness, and highlights the various factors which influence their effectiveness. It discusses costs and benefits of the various rehabilitation practices. It considers the historical development of the rehabilitation practices within the case study organizations, and describes the key factors that lead to the development of procedures. It concludes that this type of information will encourage other employers to develop their own rehabilitation practices. (102426)

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CIS 03-1495 The promotion of human factors in the onshore and offshore hazardous industries. Wright M., Bendig M., Hopkins C., Gall B., Holmes J., Landles L., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 2003. viii, 121p. Illus. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-2739-X (In English)

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http://www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr149.pdf

The HSE, in recognition of the role of human error in major accidents, aims to promote the application of human factors in the onshore and offshore chemical, oil and gas hazardous industries. This study explored duty holders awareness and attitudes towards human factors so as to understand how best to promote integration of human factors into major accident prevention. 141 structured phone interviews were carried out among operators and support service enterprises of hazardous onshore installations and offshore oil and gas platforms. It was found that duty holders lack a consistent understanding of human factors, mostly relying on intuitive presumptions of what is meant by "human factors". It is recommended that the HSE place more emphasis on human factors in their future guidance. (102429)

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CIS 03-1496 Work-related stress and organizational culture. (Korean: Jakup kwhan ryeon stress wa jojik mun wha) Lee K.Y., Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency, 34-4 Gu-san dong, Bupyung gu, Inchon 403-711, Republic of Korea, Nov. 2001. 92p. Illus. 51 ref. (In Korean)

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This report presents research carried out to study the relationship between occupational stress and organizational culture, for the purpose of developing organizational culture strategies aimed at reducing stress. 1,136 workers in 217 workplaces engaged in various types of work were interviewed individually. The results highlight the different factors characterizing organizational culture and their influence on occupational stress. (102449)

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CIS 03-1497 Preventing and responding to violence at work. Rogers K.A., Chappell D., ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. xi, 139p. Illus. 71 ref. Index. Price: CHF 25.00., ISBN 92-2-113374-5 (In English)

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http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/socsec/download/esspaper16.pdf

Workplace violence is one of today's most serious occupational hazards. This practical guide offers information on how to systematically design and implement workplace prevention programmes and policies. It presents concrete guidance for combating violence in the workplace while also providing a wider understanding of the factors and conditions which contribute to it. It describes the risk-management process, reviews an array of existing guidelines and policies, offers a number of key strategies for reducing risk in the workplace and discusses how to prepare for, respond to, and recover from a critical incident of violence. Useful checklists and reporting sample forms are included. (102117)

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CIS 03-1498 Helping small businesses prevent substance abuse. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 2003. viii, 111p. Illus. Price: CHF 15.00; USD 9.95; GBP 6.96; EUR 12.00., ISBN 92-2-113871-2 (In English)

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This manual on substance abuse in small enterprises is based on the findings of an ILO project aimed at developing models of prevention programmes suited to small enterprises. Contents: main aspects of substance abuse (substances, physiological effects, socio-demographic factors); emphasis on prevention (promoting good health, role of management, links with the community and the family); substance abuse at the workplace; substance abuse prevention in small businesses; establishing a substance abuse prevention programme (legislative and cultural norms, project leadership, project structure, implementation). (102206)

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CIS 03-1499 Protection against violence, bullying and sexual harassment in the workplace. (Dutch: De bescherming tegen geweld, pesterijen en ongewenst seksueel gedrag op het werk; French: La protection contre la violence et le harcèlement moral ou sexuel au travail) Poucet V., Ponnet V., Federaal Ministerie van Tewerkstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussel, Belgium, Sep. 2002. 68p. Illus. 10 ref. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:
http://www.meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/frdd36.pdf


http://www.meta.fgov.be/pdf/pd/nldd33.pdf


This document consists of a comment on the Law of 11 June 2002 on the protection of workers against violence, bullying or sexual harassment which came into force in Belgium on 1 July 2002. Contents: definitions; scope; prevention of violence, bullying and sexual harassment; general principles, protection of workers; protection of employers; protection of third parties; interim measures; other legislation on sexual harassment in the workplace. (102262)

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CIS 03-1500 Violence, bullying and sexual harassment at work. (French: Violence et harcèlement moral ou sexuel au travail) Everaert K., Van Heuverswyn K., PREVENT, rue Gachard 88, Bte 4, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium, 2003. 23p. Price: EUR 12.95., ISBN 2-87112-092-7 (In French)

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This guide presents the scope of application of the Law of 11 June 2002 on the protection of workers against violence, bullying or sexual harassment which came into force in Belgium on 1 July 2002. It outlines the responsibilities as specified by the law, the role of the occupational safety and health advisor and of the trusted advisor with respect to bullying, the protection of workers and penalties. It also proposes a practical step-by-step approach for implementing a policy for the prevention of bullying. Appendices include examples of an information notice aimed at workers, an enterprise policy statement and a form for notifying undesirable behaviour at the workplace. (102265)

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Página generada a partir de la base de datos CISDOC. Fecha: 16.12.19.