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ILO-CIS Bulletin 1999/06

CIS 99-1751 --- CIS 99-2100

Laws, regulations, directives
Chemical data sheets and criteria documents
Training materials and practical information
Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals
   001 General safety, health and conditions of work
   002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology
   003 Industries and occupations
   004 New technologies
   005 Chemical safety
   006 Fires, explosions and major hazards
   007 Electrical safety
   008 Physical hazards
   009 Mechanical hazards, transport
   010 Biological hazards
   011 Physiology, ergonomics
   012 Stress, psychosocial factors


Laws, regulations, directives

CIS 99-1751 Act No.185 of 1996 establishing a Labour Code [Nicaragua]. (Spanish: Ley núm. 185 de 1996 relativa al Código del Trabajo [Nicaragua]) Editorial Jurídica, República de Nicaragua, 1998, 69p. And also in: La Gaceta, 30 Oct. 1996, No.205. (In Spanish)

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Contents: Title V - Occupational safety and health and occupational hazards. Title VI - Child and adolescent labour. Title VII - Women at work. Title VIII - Special work conditions. Topics: agricultural operations; child labour; construction industry; domestic service; handicapped workers; law; mining industry; Nicaragua; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; occupational safety and health; plantations; prison services; responsibilities of employers; schedule of occupational diseases; sea transport; transport industry; women; young persons. (74134)

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CIS 99-1752 Consolidation of the Labour Code, 1997 [Ecuador]. (Spanish: Codificación del Código del Trabajo, 1997 (Ecuador)) On file at CIS. (In Spanish)

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http://natlex.ilo.org/scripts/natlexcgi.exe?lang=F

Contents: Title I, Chapter V - Hours of work; Chapter VII - Women and adolescents; Chapter VIII - Apprentices. Title III - Work categories. Title IV - Occupational hazards. Topics: agricultural operations; apprentices; child labour; conditions of work; domestic service; Ecuador; handicrafts; home work; hours of work; law; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; occupational safety and health; responsibilities of employers; safety and health organization; transport industry; women; workmen's compensation. (74135)

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CIS 99-1753 Labour Act No.1475 of 1971, as amended up to 29 July 1983 [Turkey]. ILO, Legislative Series, Tur.3, 1984, p.1-30. (In English)

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Contents: Chapter 4 - Organisation of work. Chapter 5 - Workers' health and safety. Chapter 7 - Supervision and inspection of working conditions. Topics: child labour; conditions of work; dangerous work; hours of work; labour inspection; law; night work; occupational safety and health; Turkey; women. (74136)

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CIS 99-1754 Labour Code [Panama]. (Spanish: Código de Trabajo [Panamá]) Photocopy, 31p. On file at CIS. (In Spanish)

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Labour Code of 1971, consolidated version of 1995. Contents: Title I - General standards of work protection. Title III - Special standards of work protection. Title IV - Rights and duties of workers and employers. Book II, Title I - Occupational safety and health. Title II - Occupational hazards. Topics: hours of work; law; occupational safety and health; Panama; responsibilities of employees; responsibilities of employers; women; workmen's compensation; young persons. (74137)

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CIS 99-1755 Occupational Safety and Health Regulation [Hong Kong]. Hong Kong Government Gazette, 20 June 1997, Vol.139, No.25, Legal Supplement No.2, p.B2346-B2389. (In Chinese, English)

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Regulation made under the Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance No.39 of 1997 (CIS 99-1756). Topics: fire prevention; first aid; hazard evaluation; Hong Kong; housekeeping; law; manual handling; occupational safety and health; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities of employers; safety and health training; safety officers; sanitary facilities; ventilation. (74162)

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CIS 99-1756 Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance No.39 of 1997 [Hong Kong]. Hong Kong Government Gazette, 23 May 1997, Vol.139, No.21, Legal supplement No.1, p.A1030-A1111. (In Chinese, English)

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Annex 3 of this Ordinance modifies the Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance No.34 of 1955 (CIS 89-6). Topics: accident investigation; Hong Kong; labour inspectors; law; machinery guarding regulations; notification of accidents and diseases; occupational safety and health; penalties; plant safety organization; responsibilities of employers; safety officers; schedule of occupational diseases. (74163)

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CIS 99-1757 Decree No.96-17/PRES/PM/METSS/MS of 30 January 1996 on the composition and functioning of the National Advisory Committee on Hygiene and Safety [Burkina Faso]. (French: Décret n°96-17/PRES/PM/METSS/MS du 30 janvier 1996 portant composition et fonctionnement du Comité National Consultatif d'Hygiène et de Sécurité [Burkina Faso]) Journal officiel du Burkina Faso, 15 Feb. 1996, No.7, p.397-398. (In French)

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Topics: Burkina Faso; law; public OSH institutions; safety and health committees. (74168)

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CIS 99-1758 Decree No.96-458 of 24 May 1996 on the recognition of occupational diseases [France]. (French: Décret n°96-458 du 24 mai 1996 relatif à la reconnaissance des maladies professionnelles [France]) Journal officiel de la République française, 30 May 1996, No.124, p.8006-8007. (In French)

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Decree on the recognition of occupational diseases in workers whose employer is authorized to manage the risk of occupational accidents and diseases and in certain expatriate workers before regional committees for the recognition of occupational diseases, and modifying the social security code (third part: Decrees). Topics: compensation of occupational diseases; cost of diseases; expertise; France; law; occupational diseases. (74165)

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CIS 99-1759 Petroleum Act 1987 [United-Kingdom]. In: Public General Acts and Measures, Part I, 1987. p.75-113. (In English)

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Section 23(1) of this Act, concerning safety zones around offshore installations, has given rise to the Offshore Installations (Safety Zones) Regulations of 1987 (CIS 99-1760). Topics: approval; assembly and disassembly; demolition; law; offshore oil extraction; safe distances; safety planning; shutdown procedure; transport by pipeline; United Kingdom. (74088)

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CIS 99-1760 The Offshore Installations (Safety Zones) Regulations and The Offshore Installations (Safety Zones) (No.48) Order 1987 [United-Kingdom]. HMSO Publications, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1987. 5p. (In English)

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Regulation and Order made pursuant to the Petroleum Act 1987 (CIS 99-1759). Topics: law; offshore oil extraction; restricted areas; safe distances; ships; United Kingdom. (74089)

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CIS 99-1761 Executive decree No.41 of 1995 on the classification of slaughterhouses according to their conditions and hygienic capacity, the establishment of minimum technical hygienic requirements for different types of slaughterhouses, and other provisions [Panama]. (Spanish: Decreto ejecutivo Nº41 (de 21 de marzo de 1995) por el cual se clasifican los mataderos de acuerdo a sus condiciones y capacidad sanitaria, se establecen los requisitos técnicos sanitarios mínimos que deben someterse los distintos tipos de mataderos y se dictan otras disposiciones [Panamá]) Gaceta Oficial (Panamá), 7 Apr. 1995, No.22.759, p.7-12. (In Spanish)

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Topics: classification; law; meat industry; occupational hygiene; Panama; safe layout; slaughtering. (74133)

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CIS 99-1762 The Insecticides Act, 1968 [India]. In: Acts of Parliament, 1968, The General Manager, Government of India Press, New Delhi, India, 1970, p.319-347. (In English)

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Topics: agricultural chemicals; approval; India; insecticides; inspection; law; licensing of undertakings; list of chemical substances; notification of dangerous substances; prohibition of use; warning notices. (74090)

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CIS 99-1763 The Federal insecticide, fungicide and rodenticide Act amendments of 1988 [USA]. United States Code Congressional and Administrative News, Vol.2, 100th Congress - Second Session, 1988, p.2654-2688. (In English)

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Topics: agricultural chemicals; control of issue of dangerous materials; disposal of harmful waste; fungicides; insecticides; inspection; law; licensing new products; pesticides; rodenticides; storage; transport; USA. (74140)

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CIS 99-1764 Commission Directive 1999/51/EC of 26 May 1999 adapting to technical progress... Annex I to Council Directive 76/769/EEC... relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations (tin, PCP, cadmium) [European Communities]. (French: Directive 1999/51/CE de la Commission du 26 mai 1999... adaptation... de l'annexe I de la Directive 76/769/CEE du Conseil... relative à... certaines substances et préparations dangereuses (étain, pentachlorophénol (PCP) et cadmium) [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 5 June 1999, Vol.42, No.L 142, p.22-25. (In English, French)

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For Council directive 76/769/EEC, see CIS 92-22. Topics: cadmium; tin; pentachlorophenol; directive; European Communities. (74081)

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CIS 99-1765 Council Directive 87/18/EEC of 18 Dec. 1986 on the harmonisation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the application of the principles of good laboratory practice and the verification of their applications for tests on chemical substances [European Communities]. (French: Directive du Conseil 87/18/CEE du 18 déc. 1986 concernant le rapprochement des dispositions législatives relatives à l'application des principes de bonnes pratiques de laboratoire et au contrôle de leur application pour les essais sur les substances chimiques [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 17 Jan. 1987, No.L 15, p.29-30. (In English, French)

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This Directive has been adapted by Directive 1999/11/EC of 8 Mar. 1999 (CIS 99-1766). Topics: chemical products; dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; inspection; test laboratories. (74082)

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CIS 99-1766 Commission Directive 1999/11/EC of 8 Mar. 1999 adapting to technical progress... Council Directive 87/18/EEC... relating to the application of the principles of good laboratory practice and the verification of their applications for tests on chemical substances [European Communities]. (French: Directive 1999/11/CE de la Commission du 8 mars 1999 portant adaptation... la directive 87/18/CEE du Conseil concernant... l'application des bonnes pratiques de laboratoire et au contrôle de leur application pour les essais sur les substances chimiques [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 23 Mar. 1999, Vol.42, No.L 77, p.8-21. (In English, French)

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For Council Directive 87/18/EEC, see CIS 99-1765. Topics: biological hazards; chemical products; dangerous substances; directive; equipment testing; erection and assembly work; European Communities; glossary; OECD; responsibilities; safety planning; test laboratories; testing. (74083)

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CIS 99-1767 Commission Directive 1999/77/EC of 26 July 1999 adapting to technical progress ... Annex I to Council Directive 76/769/EEC on the approximation of the laws ... of the Member States relating to restrictions ... of certain dangerous substances and preparations (asbestos) [European Communities]. (French: Dir. 1999/77/CE de la Commission, du 26 juil. 1999 portant 6e adaptation... de l'annexe I de la dir. 76/769/CEE du conseil concernant le rapprochement des dispositions législatives... des Etats membres relatives à certaines substances et préparations dangereuses [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 6 Aug. 1999, Vol.42, No.L 207, p.18-20. (In English, French)

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For Council Directive 76/769/EEC, see CIS 92-22. Topics: asbestos; crocidolite; chrysotile; amosite; actinolite asbestos; anthophyllite asbestos; tremolite asbestos; directive; European Communities; prohibition of use. (74138)

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CIS 99-1768 Royal Decree 443/1994 of 11 Mar. 1994 amending the technical and health regulation on the manufacture, sale and use of pesticides [Spain]. (Spanish: Real Decreto 443-1994, de 11 de marzo, por el que se modifica la reglamentación técnico-sanitaria para la fabricación, comercialización y utilización de los pesticidas [España]) Boletín Oficial del Estado, 30 Mar. 1994, No.76, p.10135-10136. (In Spanish)

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For Royal Decree of 30 Nov. 1983, see CIS 96-1190. Topics: agricultural chemicals; law; licensing new products; pesticides; Spain; toxic substances. (74139)

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CIS 99-1769 Pesticide Registration Regulations 1996 [Nigeria]. Official Gazette Extraordinary (Nigeria), 18 June 1996, Vol.83, Part B, No.27, Supplement, p.B303-B307. (In English)

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Topics: approval; chemical products; compliance tests; law; Nigeria; notification of dangerous substances; penalties; pesticides. (74164)

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CIS 99-1770 Commission Directive 98/73/EC of 18 September 1998 adapting to technical progress... Council Directive 67/548/EEC on... the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances [European Communities]. (French: Directive 98/73/CE de la Commission du 18 sept. 1998 portant... adaptation au progrès technique... de la Directive 67/548/CEE du Conseil concernant... la classification, l'emballage et l'étiquetage des substances dangereuses [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 16 Nov. 1998, Vol.41, No.L 305, p.1-181. (In English, French)

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This Directive modifies Directive 67/548/EEC (CIS 92-23). Topics: chemical products; classification; danger symbols; dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; harmful substances; hazard identification; labelling; packing, filling; warning notices. (74166)

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CIS 99-1771 Decree No.95-307 of 1 March 1995 modifying Book IV of the Labour Code [Côte d'Ivoire]. (French: Décret n°95-307 du 1er mars 1995 modifiant le livre IV du Code du travail [Côte d'Ivoire]) Photocopy, 3p. Only in CIS. (In French)

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Article D-444b concerns safety and health measures to be taken to protect workers exposed to benzene. Employment is prohibited of young people under 18 years of age, pregnant and nursing mothers and of those already having suffered from benzene poisoning. Topics: benzene; chemical protective clothing; Côte d'Ivoire; expectant mothers; health hazards; irritation; law; medical examinations; nursing mothers; skin absorption; young persons. (74167)

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CIS 99-1772 Registered and restricted pesticides (Registration) Regulations, 1995 [Belize]. Government Printery, Laws, Statutes (Belize), 1995, No.77, p.1-18. (In English)

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Topics: approval; Belize; control of issue of dangerous materials; hazard identification; labelling; law; notification of dangerous substances; pesticides. (74169)

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CIS 99-1773 Decree No.34-93 of 1993 on the establishment of a central register of agricultural chemicals and related substances [Nicaragua]. (Spanish: Decreto núm. 34-93 de 1993 sobre la creación del Registro Central de Agroquímicos y Sustancias Afines [Nicaragua]) In: Compendio de Leyes, Reglamentos y Normativas para el Registro de los Agroquímicos y Sustancias Afines, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería, Gobierno de Nicaragua, Nicaragua, Feb. 1998. p.31-32. (In Spanish)

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Topics: agricultural chemicals; law; licensing new products; Nicaragua; notification of dangerous substances; pesticides. (74131)

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CIS 99-1774 Decree No.45 of 1960 on the regulation of safety in the handling and use of insecticides [Nicaragua]. (Spanish: Decreto N°45 sobre el reglamento de seguridad en la manipulación y uso de los insecticidas [Nicaragua]) In: Compendio de Leyes, Reglamentos y Normativas para el Registro de los Agroquímicos y Sustancias Afines, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería, Gobierno de Nicaragua, Nicaragua, Feb. 1998. Annex 11, p.34-36. (In Spanish)

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Topics: information of personnel; insecticides; labelling; law; Nicaragua; safety and health organization. (74132)

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CIS 99-1775 European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road (ADR) and protocol of signature [United Nations]. United Nations, Publications and Sales, Palais des Nations, 1211 Genève 10, Switzerland, 1998. 2 vols. (xxix, 585p. + vii, 494p.). Illus., ISBN 92-1-139062-1, ISBN 92-1-139064-8 (In English)

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This two-volume set comprises the 17 articles of the Agreement, the Protocol of signature, the annexes in the form in which they entered into force on 29 July 1968 and amendments up to 1 January 1999. Annex A covers the provisions concerning dangerous substances and articles and Annex B covers provisions concerning transport equipment and transport operations. Replaces the previous edition (CIS 96-409). Topics: dangerous substances; directive; drivers; European Communities; international agreements; labelling; list of chemical substances; loading and unloading; major hazards; packing, filling; road transport equipment; road transport; road vehicles; transport of materials; UN; warning notices. (74045)

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CIS 99-1776 Order No.50-L/CTN of 3 July 1996 of the President of the State promulgating the Law on Safety and Control of Ionizing Radiation [Viet Nam]. (Vietnamese: Lênh sô 50-L/CTN công bô Pháp lênh An toàn và kiêm soát búc xa) Công Báo, 31 Oct. 1996, No.20 (1374), p.834-842. (In Vietnamese)

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Topics: authorization of dangerous work; exposure records; inspection; ionizing radiation; law; radiation protection; radioactive substances; responsibilities of employers; Vietnam D.R.. (74170)

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CIS 99-1777 Council Directive 78/933/EEC of 17 Oct. 1978 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on wheeled agricultural and forestry tractors [European Communities]. (French: Directive 78/933/CEE du 17 oct. 1978 concernant le rapprochement des législations des Etats membres relatives à l'installation des dispositifs d'éclairage et de signalisation lumineuse des tracteurs agricoles ou forestiers à roues [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 20 Nov. 1978, Vol.21, No.L 325, p.16-42. (In English, French)

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This Directive has been adapted by Commission Directive 1999/56/EC (CIS 99-1780). Topics: agriculture and forestry; approval; colour coding; directive; European Communities; luminous signs; tractors; visibility; warning lights. (74084)

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CIS 99-1778 Council Directive 77/536/EEC of 28 June 1977 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the roll-over protection structures of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors [European Communities]. (French: Directive du Conseil 77/536/CEE du 28 juin 1977 concernant le rapprochement des législations des Etats membres relatives aux dispositifs de protection en cas de renversement des tracteurs agricoles ou forestiers à roues [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 29 Aug. 1977, Vol.20, No.L 220, p.1-37. (In English, French)

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This Directive has been adapted by Commission Directive 1999/55/EC (CIS 99-1779). Topics: agricultural operations; agriculture and forestry; approval; compliance tests; directive; drivers seats; equipment testing; European Communities; protection against overturning; safety devices; shock testing; tractors. (74085)

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CIS 99-1779 Commission Directive 1999/55/EC of 1 June 1999 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 77/536/EEC relating to the roll-over protection structures of wheeled agricultural or forestry tractors [European Communities]. (French: Directive 1999/55/CE de la Commission du 1 juin 1999 portant adaptation au progrès technique de la directive 77/536/CEE du Conseil relative aux dispositifs de protection en cas de renversement des tracteurs agricoles ou forestiers à roues [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 11 June 1999, Vol.42, No.L 146, p.28-30. (In English, French)

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For Council Directive 77/536/EEC, see CIS 99-1778. Topics: agricultural operations; agriculture and forestry; directive; drivers seats; equipment testing; European Communities; protection against overturning; safety devices; shock testing; tractors. (74086)

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CIS 99-1780 Commission Directive 1999/56/EC of 3 June 1999 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 78/933/EEC relating to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on wheeled agricultural and forestry tractors [European Communities]. (French: Directive 1999/56/CE de la Commission du 3 juin 1999 portant adaptation au progrès technique de la Directive 78/933/CEE du Conseil relative à l'installation des dispositifs d'éclairage et de signalisation lumineuse des tracteurs agricoles ou forestiers à roues [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 11 June 1999, Vol.42, No.L 146, p.31-32. (In English, French)

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For Council Directive 78/933/EEC, see CIS 99-1777. Topics: agriculture and forestry; colour coding; directive; European Communities; luminous signs; tractors; warning lights. (74087)

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CIS 99-1781 Annex to Council Directive 96/49/EC ... adapting to technical progress Council Directive 96/49/EC on ... the transport of dangerous goods by rail [European Communities]. (French: Annexes de la Directive 96/49/CE du Conseil ... portant adaptation au progrès technique à la Directive 96/49/CE du Conseil ... concernant le transport de marchandises dangereuses par chemin de fer [Communautés européennes]) Journal officiel des Communautés européennes - Official Journal of the European Communities, 31 Oct. 1998, Vol.41, No.L 294, p.1-775. (In English, French)

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For Council Directive 96/49/EC, see CIS 98-408. Topics: containers; dangerous substances; directive; European Communities; gases; packing, filling; rail transport; safety and health organization; transport of materials; warning notices. (74161)

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[ Top of page ]

Chemical data sheets and criteria documents

CIS 99-1782 2-Ethoxyethanol. (French: 2-Ethoxyéthanol) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1999. 6p. 20 ref. (In French)

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Replaces CIS 87-409. Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: abortion; ethoxyethanol; data sheet; determination in air; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; gastrointestinal diseases; haematological effects; handling and storage; health hazards; hepatotoxic effects; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; nephrotoxic effects; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; spills; threshold limit values. (73961)

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CIS 99-1783 Lead and inorganic compounds of lead. (French: Plomb et composés minéraux) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1998. 8p. 38 ref. (In French)

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Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: anaemia; biological threshold limits; carcinogenic effects; lead nitrate; lead dioxide; lead tetroxide; lead oxide; lead sulfate; lead sulfide; lead carbonate; lead; lead chloride; lead chromate; data sheet; determination in air; endocrine effects; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; gastrointestinal diseases; haematotoxic effects; handling and storage; health hazards; hypertension; labelling; lead and compounds; lead poisoning; legislation; limitation of exposure; nephrotoxic effects; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; spills; threshold limit values. (73962)

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CIS 99-1784 White spirit. (French: White-spirit) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1998. 5p. 16 ref. (In French)

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Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: carcinogenic effects; white spirit; data sheet; delayed effects; determination in air; disturbances of memory; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; gastrointestinal diseases; handling and storage; health hazards; irritation; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; pneumotoxic effects; skin absorption; solvents; spills; threshold limit values; transport. (73963)

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CIS 99-1785 2-Methoxyethanol. (French: 2-Méthoxyéthanol) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1999. 6p. 27 ref. (In French)

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Replaces CIS 87-836. Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: abortion; anaemia; methoxyethanol; data sheet; determination in air; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; gastrointestinal diseases; haematological effects; handling and storage; health hazards; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; skin absorption; spills; testicular atrophy; threshold limit values; waste disposal. (73964)

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CIS 99-1786 Solvent naphthas. (French: Essences spéciales) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1999. 5p. 12 ref. (In French)

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Replaces CIS 72-2077. Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: alicyclic hydrocarbons; aliphatic hydrocarbons; aromatic hydrocarbons; central nervous system; data sheet; delayed effects; determination in air; erythema; eye irritation; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; handling and storage; health hazards; irritants; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; neurological effects; neuropsychic effects; peripheral neuritis; personal protective equipment; solvents; spills; threshold limit values. (73965)

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CIS 99-1787 Acrylonitrile. (French: Acrylonitrile) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1999. 7p. 41 ref. (In French)

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Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: acrylonitrile; carcinogenic effects; data sheet; determination in air; determination in urine; eczema; eye irritation; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; genetic effects; haematological effects; handling and storage; health hazards; hepatotoxic effects; irritants; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; skin absorption; spills; threshold limit values. (73966)

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CIS 99-1788 Solvent naphtha and aromatic solvents. (French: Solvants naphta et solvants aromatiques) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1999. 5p. 15 ref. (In French)

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Replaces CIS 74-144. Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: abortion; aromatic hydrocarbons; carcinogenic effects; data sheet; delayed effects; determination in air; erythema; eye irritation; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; handling and storage; health hazards; irritants; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; lung diseases; neurological effects; neuropsychic effects; organic solvents; personal protective equipment; skin absorption; solvent naphtha; spills; threshold limit values. (73967)

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CIS 99-1789 n-Propyl acetate - Isopropyl acetate. (French: Acétate de n-propyle - Acétate d'isopropyle) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1998. 4p. 18 ref. (In French)

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Replaces CIS 74-1947. Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: biological effects; isopropyl acetate; propyl acetate; data sheet; determination in air; eye irritation; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; handling and storage; health hazards; irritants; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; spills; threshold limit values. (73968)

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CIS 99-1790 Pentyl acetates. (French: Acétates de pentyle) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1998. 4p. 21 ref. (In French)

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Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: isoamyl acetate; sec-amyl acetate; n-amyl acetate; data sheet; dermatological effects; determination in air; eye irritation; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; gastrointestinal diseases; handling and storage; health hazards; irritants; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; skin diseases; spills; threshold limit values. (73969)

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CIS 99-1791 Kerosene products. (French: Pétroles lampants) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 1998. 5p. 23 ref. (In French)

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Replaces CIS 79-460. Uses, physical and chemical properties, pathology and toxicology. Attention is drawn to French legislation relating to occupational safety and health, environmental protection and transport. Recommendations are made concerning technical and medical aspects. Topics: carcinogenic effects; kerosene; circulatory disorders of the brain; data sheet; determination in air; erythema; eye irritation; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; France; handling and storage; health hazards; irritants; labelling; legislation; limitation of exposure; lung diseases; neurological effects; neuropsychic effects; personal protective equipment; skin absorption; spills; threshold limit values. (73970)

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CIS 99-1792 Phosphorus pentachloride. (Spanish: Pentacloruro de fósforo) Noticias de seguridad, Mar. 1999, Vol.61, No.3, 4p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: bronchitis; phosphorus pentachloride; chemical burns; data sheet; delayed effects; determination in air; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; irritants; limitation of exposure; lung diseases; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; pulmonary oedema; renal damage; respirators; skin absorption; USA; waste disposal. (74151)

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CIS 99-1793 n-Propyl acetate. (Spanish: Acetato de n-propilo) Noticias de seguridad, Mar. 1999, Vol.61, No.3, 4p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: propyl acetate; data sheet; determination in air; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; irritants; limitation of exposure; medical supervision; neurotoxic effects; personal protective equipment; respirators; USA; waste disposal. (74152)

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CIS 99-1794 Rhodium soluble salts (as rhodium). (Spanish: Sales solubles de rodio (como rodio)) Noticias de seguridad, Apr. 1999, Vol.61, No.4, 4p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: rhodium trichloride; rhodium; data sheet; determination in air; diseases of central nervous system; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; eye injuries; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; irritation; limitation of exposure; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; respirators; rhodium and compounds; skin absorption; USA; waste disposal. (74153)

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CIS 99-1795 Steatite. (Spanish: Esteatita) Noticias de seguridad, Apr. 1999, Vol.61, No.4, 3p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: carcinogens; steatite; cor pulmonale; data sheet; determination in air; elimination of spills; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; hypoxia; limitation of exposure; lung cancer; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; pleural mesothelioma; pneumoconiosis; respirators; respiratory impairment; USA; waste disposal. (74154)

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CIS 99-1796 Tetryl. (Spanish: Tetril) Noticias de seguridad, May 1999, Vol.61, No.5, 4p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: anaemia; Tetryl; conjunctivitis; data sheet; determination in air; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; haemorrhage; health hazards; hepatotoxic effects; irritants; limitation of exposure; medical supervision; migraine; nephrotoxic effects; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; pulmonary oedema; respirators; sensitization dermatitis; USA; waste disposal. (74155)

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CIS 99-1797 Metallic tantalum powders and tantalum oxide. (Spanish: Polvos de metal y óxido de tantalio) Noticias de seguridad, May 1999, Vol.61, No.5, 3p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: bronchitis; tantalum; data sheet; determination in air; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; limitation of exposure; lung diseases; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; pulmonary fibrosis; respirators; tantalum and compounds; USA; waste disposal. (74156)

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CIS 99-1798 para-Nitroaniline. (Spanish: Paranitroanilina) Noticias de seguridad, June 1999, Vol.61, No.6, 4p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: anaemia; p-nitroaniline; data sheet; delayed effects; determination in air; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; hepatotoxic effects; hypoxia; irritation; jaundice; limitation of exposure; medical supervision; methaemoglobinaemia; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; respirators; skin absorption; USA; waste disposal. (74157)

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CIS 99-1799 Trichloronaphthalene. (Spanish: Tricloronaftaleno) Noticias de seguridad, June 1999, Vol.61, No.6, 4p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: anorexia; trichloronaphthalene; chloracne; data sheet; determination in air; eczema; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; hepatotoxic effects; irritation; limitation of exposure; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; respirators; skin absorption; USA; vertigo; waste disposal. (74158)

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CIS 99-1800 beta-Naphthylamine. (Spanish: Beta-naftilamina) Noticias de seguridad, July 1999, Vol.61, No.7, 5p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: 2-naphthylamine; bladder tumour; carcinogens; data sheet; determination in air; dyspnoea; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; irritants; limitation of exposure; liver cancer; medical supervision; neurological effects; personal protective equipment; respirators; USA; waste disposal. (74159)

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CIS 99-1801 Talc (not in the form of asbestos). (Spanish: Talco (no en forma de asbesto)) Noticias de seguridad, July 1999, Vol.61, No.7, 3p. Insert. (In Spanish)

Internet:

Chemical safety card published by the Consejo Interamericano de Seguridad, 33 Park Place, Englewood, NJ 07631, USA. Topics: talc; cor pulmonale; data sheet; determination in air; elimination of spills; explosion hazards; fire fighting; fire hazards; first aid; health hazards; heart diseases; irritation; limitation of exposure; lung cancer; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; pleural mesothelioma; pneumoconiosis; pulmonary fibrosis; respirators; talc pneumoconiosis; USA; waste disposal. (74160)

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[ Top of page ]

Training materials and practical information

CIS 99-1802 Occupational safety and health as a subject of teaching - Guide for primary school teachers. (Spanish: La seguridad y la salud en el trabajo como materia de enseñanza transversal - Guía para el profesorado de enseñanza primaria) Albarrán Rueda I., Araujo García C., Bennassar Alemany B.J., Llacuna Morera J., Navajas Líndez M., Cañada Clé J., Díaz Olivares I., Puebla Hernanz M.A., Soriano Serrano M., Millán Villanueva A.J., Moreno Hurtado J.J., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 149p. Illus. 47 ref., ISBN 84-7425-521-X (In Spanish)

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Topics: educational institutions; safety consciousness; safety training in schools; Spain; teaching; training manuals; training material. (74071)

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CIS 99-1803 Accident investigation by fault tree analysis. (Spanish: Investigación de accidentes por el método del árbol de causas) Rodriguez de Prada A., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 44p. Illus. 5 ref., ISBN 84-7425-504-X (In Spanish)

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Topics: accident investigation; analysis of accident causes; case study; data sheet; description of technique; Spain; training manuals; training material. (74105)

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CIS 99-1804 Basic advice on first aid at work. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 6p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:

Replaces CIS 97-1138 Topics: data sheet; emergency treatment; first aid; safety guides; training material. (73854)

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CIS 99-1805 The good health pack - An essential guide to occupational health in agriculture, horticulture and forestry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk Co10 6FS, United-Kingdom, 1996. 106p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 49.95., ISBN 0717-612-678 (In English)

Internet:

Topics: agriculture; back disorders; chemical safety; crop protection; dermatitis; economic aspects; forestry; hand-arm vibration; hazard evaluation; health engineering; health hazards; hearing loss; horticulture; infection control; infectious diseases; legislation; manual handling; medical supervision; mental health; mental stress; noise control; noise level; pesticides; plant health organization; respiratory diseases; risk factors; sensitization; skin cancer; skin diseases; training manuals; training material; United Kingdom; upper extremity disorders; whole-body vibration; zoonoses. (74046)

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CIS 99-1806 Plasterers. (Spanish: Escayolistas) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 33p. Illus., ISBN 84-7425-508-2 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_009.pdf

Topics: building industry; check lists; construction work; hazard evaluation; legislation; plastering; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material. (74101)

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CIS 99-1807 Painters and wall paper hangers. (Spanish: Pintores y empapeladores) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 33p. Illus., ISBN 84-7425-509-0 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_008.pdf

Topics: building industry; check lists; construction work; hazard evaluation; legislation; painting; paper hanging; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material. (74102)

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CIS 99-1808 Plumbers and heating installation workers. (Spanish: Fontaneros y calefactores) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 47p. Illus., ISBN 84-7425-510-4 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_007.pdf

Topics: building industry; check lists; construction work; hazard evaluation; heating systems; legislation; plumbing; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material. (74104)

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CIS 99-1809 Vehicle repair and servicing. (French: Réparation et entretien des véhicules automobiles) Guillemin C., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, 2nd ed., Dec. 1998. 72p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 2-7389-0199-9 (In French)

Internet:

Replaces CIS 95-93. In France, the frequency rate of occupational accidents occurring in vehicle repair shops if far above the national average. This type of work is generally carried out by small enterprises where hazards are of many different kinds. This guide, intended for employers, reviews preventive measures to be applied. Topics: brake linings; check lists; dangerous substances; electrical safety; explosion hazards; fire hazards; France; garages; hand tools; high-pressure jet cleaning; housekeeping; legislation; materials handling; motor vehicle industry; noise; paint spraying; personal protective equipment; safety engineering; safety guides; small enterprises; storage batteries; toxic substances; training material; tyre mounting and inflation; vehicle inspection pits; vehicle repair and servicing; welding and cutting. (74053)

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CIS 99-1810 Touching wood (Primary processing industries). (Spanish: Tocando madera (Industrias de primera transformación)) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, no date. Videotape (VHS-PAL) (length: 12min). (In Spanish)

Internet:

Risks in: saw mills; plate; chipping solid fuel; chipboard; plywood; and batten manufacturing industries. Safety devices in machinery. Personal and collective protection. Topics: particle board manufacture; personal protective equipment; risk factors; safety devices; safety engineering; safety films; sawmilling industry; training material; videotape; woodworking industry. (74109)

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CIS 99-1811 Touching wood (Secondary processing industries). (Spanish: Tocando madera (Industrias de segunda transformación)) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, no date. Videotape (VHS-PAL) (length: 18min). (In Spanish)

Internet:

Risks in: carpentry; containers and packaging; furniture; doors, etc., workshops. Handling band and disc saws and spindle shapers. Use of chemical products in varnishing, lacquering operations, etc. English version is available. Topics: circular saws; furniture industry; paints and varnishes; risk factors; safety engineering; safety films; spindle moulders; training material; videotape; woodworking industry; woodworking machines. (74110)

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CIS 99-1812 Cleaning services - Control of occupational hazards. (French: Les entreprises de propreté - Prévention des risques) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 1998. 71p. Illus. Index., ISBN 2-7389-0685-0 (In French)

Internet:

Topics: check lists; cleaning of workplaces; cleaning; commuting accidents; cost of accidents; dangerous substances; electricity; first aid; France; information of personnel; machine tools; manual handling; personal protective equipment; plant safety organization; responsibilities; safety and health committees; safety and health training; safety guides; subcontractors; toxic substances; training material; waste disposal; work at height; work organization; work posture. (74054)

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CIS 99-1813 Hairdressers. (Spanish: Peluquerías) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 25p. Illus., ISBN 84-7425-511-2 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://internet.mtas.es/Insht/practice/gap_006.pdf

Topics: check lists; hairdressing; hazard evaluation; legislation; risk factors; safety analysis; safety guides; small enterprises; Spain; training material. (74103)

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CIS 99-1814 Working with asbestos in buildings. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 15p. Illus. 1 ref. (In English)

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Topics: asbestos cement; asbestos removal; asbestos; construction work; demolition; disposal of harmful waste; dust control; hazard evaluation; health hazards; information of personnel; limitation of exposure; notification of dangerous substances; protective clothing; respirators; safety guides; training material. (73859)

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CIS 99-1815 Surface treatment workshops - Control of chemical hazards - Health and safety of workers. (French: Ateliers de traitement de surface - Prévention des risques chimiques - Santé et sécurité des personnes) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 1998. 60p. Illus. 16 ref., ISBN 2-7389-0714-8 (In French)

Internet:

Topics: caustic substances; chemical burns; chemical hazards; electroplating; explosion hazards; fire hazards; France; health hazards; irritants; limitation of exposure; maintenance; medical supervision; personal protective equipment; pickling; plant safety organization; plating solutions; safety and health training; safety guides; schedule of occupational diseases; surface coating; threshold limit values; training material. (74055)

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CIS 99-1816 HAZOP and HAZAN - Identifying and assessing process industry hazards. Kletz T., Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 4th ed., 1999. xi, 232p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 0-85295-421-2 (In English)

Internet:

Replaces CIS 92-1835. Topics: accident descriptions; accident investigation; analysis of accident causes; check lists; chemical industry; emergency organization; explosion hazards; fire behaviour; fire hazards; gases; hazard criteria; hazard evaluation; legislation; major hazards; manuals; mathematical models; process engineering; results of explosions; safety analysis; safety engineering; total loss control; toxic effects; toxic substances; training material; United Kingdom. (74033)

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CIS 99-1817 Noise - Strategy for the assessment and control of hazards. (Dutch: Lawaai - Stategie voor evaluatie en preventie van risico's; French: Bruit - Stratégie d'évaluation et de prévention des risques) Malchaire J., Piette A., Cock N., Federaal Ministerie van Tewekstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussels, Belgium, 1998. 80p. Illus. Bibl. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:


Topics: Belgium; check lists; comfort criteria; deafness; description of technique; exposure evaluation; legislation; limitation of exposure; medical supervision; noise control; noise dosimetry; noise measurement; noise reverberation; personal protective equipment; sound attenuation; training manuals; training material; workplace design. (74057)

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CIS 99-1818 Hand-arm vibration - Strategy for the assessment and control of hazards. (Dutch: Trillingen van net hand-arm-systeem - Stategie voor evaluatie en preventie van risico's; French: Vibrations mains-bras - Stratégie d'évaluation et de prévention des risques) Malchaire J., Piette A., Cock N., Federaal Ministerie van Tewekstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussels, Belgium, 1998. 62p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:


Topics: Belgium; check lists; description of technique; exposure evaluation; hand-arm vibration; legislation; length of exposure; limitation of exposure; maintenance; medical supervision; tool handles; training manuals; training material; vibrating tools; vibration control; vibration damping; vibration measurement; vibration transmission; work posture. (74058)

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CIS 99-1819 Whole-body vibration - Strategy for the assessment and control of hazards. (Dutch: Globale lichaarmstrillingen - Stategie voor evaluatie en preventie van risico's; French: Vibrations corps total - Stratégie d'évaluation et de prévention des risques) Malchaire J., Piette A., Cock N., Federaal Ministerie van Tewekstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussels, Belgium, 1998. 66p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:


Topics: Belgium; check lists; description of technique; drivers seats; earthmoving equipment; elevating platform trucks; exposure evaluation; legislation; length of exposure; limitation of exposure; maintenance; medical supervision; overhead travelling cranes; training manuals; training material; trucks; vibration acceleration; vibration control; vibration damping; vibration measurement; vibration transmission; whole-body vibration; work posture. (74059)

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CIS 99-1820 Thermal working environments - Strategy for the assessment and control of hazards. (Dutch: Thermisch omgevingsfactoren - Stategie voor evaluatie en preventie van risico's; French: Ambiances thermiques de travail - Stratégie d'évaluation et de prévention des risques) Malchaire J., Piette A., Cock N., Federaal Ministerie van Tewekstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussels, Belgium, 1998. 83p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In Dutch, French)

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Topics: air temperature; Belgium; check lists; description of technique; exposure evaluation; hot workplaces; humidity; legislation; length of exposure; limitation of exposure; medical supervision; natural ventilation; occupational hygiene; physical workload; radiant heat; temperature measurement; thermal comfort; thermal environment; training manuals; training material; WBGT index; work clothing. (74060)

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CIS 99-1821 Working safely with high pressure water jetting - Guidance for operators. (French: Travailler en sécurité avec l'eau à haute pression - Conseils aux opérateurs) Werlé R., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, July 1998. 32p. Illus., ISBN 2-7389-0697-4 (In French)

Internet:

Topics: electrical safety; first aid; France; hazard evaluation; high-pressure jet cleaning; hose handling; maintenance; personal protective equipment; pressure-jet equipment; safe working methods; safety guides; training material; vaccination; valves; water jet cleaning. (74051)

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CIS 99-1822 Road transport of goods - Staying alert during loading and unloading and when driving. (French: Transport routier de marchandises - Vigilant à l'arrêt comme au volant)) Aumas M., Institut national de recherche et de sécurité (INRS), 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 1998. 59p. Illus. 40 ref., ISBN 2-7389-0710-5 (In French)

Internet:

Topics: alcohol consumption and accidents; drivers cabs; France; industrial trucks; loading and unloading; loading platforms; manual handling; personal protective equipment; road transport; road vehicle tarpaulins; safe working methods; safety belts; safety guides; training material; truck-mounted cranes; trucks; vehicle repair and servicing. (74052)

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CIS 99-1823 Technical guide to the evaluation and prevention of risks associated with manual handling of loads. (Spanish: Guía técnica para la evaluación y prevención de los riesgos relativos a la manipulación manual de cargas) Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 61p. Illus. 22 ref., ISBN 84-7425-506-6 (In Spanish)

Internet:

Topics: check lists; comment on law; hazard evaluation; legislation; load carriage; manual handling; manual lifting; risk factors; safety guides; Spain; training material. (74106)

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CIS 99-1824 Lighting - Strategy for the assessment and control of hazards. (Dutch: Verlichting - Stategie voor evaluatie en preventie van risico's; French: Eclairage - Stratégie d'évaluation et de prévention des risques) Malchaire J., Piette A., Cock N., Federaal Ministerie van Tewekstelling en Arbeid, Belliardstraat 51, 1040 Brussels, Belgium, 1998. 48p. Illus. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:


Topics: Belgium; check lists; CRT display terminals; description of technique; ergonomic evaluation; illumination design; job study; light measurement; lighting and colour; lighting; training manuals; training material; visibility; visual comfort. (74056)

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[ Top of page ]

Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals


001 General safety, health and conditions of work

CIS 99-1825 Does color of warnings affect risk perception?. Leonard S.D., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.499-504. 8 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Colours are used with signal words in warning messages to attract the attention of users and to communicate the hazards associated with a product. Four experiments were conducted to obtain responses relating relative risks to colours. In one experiment, colour of background produced a significant difference, but succeeding results suggested this was related to lack of salience of the signal words in that format. In general, the combinations of colours with signal words suggested by various standards organizations were not found to fit the population stereotype. The dominant response of red is associated with risks at all levels. The results are discussed in terms of strategies for warnings. A conclusion is that shape or other graphical configurations may serve better than colour to convey level of risk. Topics: colour coding; hazard identification; risk awareness; safety colours; warning notices. (73956)

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CIS 99-1826 A Poisson model for a work-related musculoskeletal disorder cost estimation. Quintana R., Pawlowitz I., Safety Science, June 1999, Vol.32, No.1, p.19-31. Illus. 19 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) incidence time-interval analysis can provide early indication of a change in WMSDs and provides a budgeting tool for WMSD control. Research into WMSDs occurring at a used garment sorting facility is described, with a focus on utilizing the Poisson distribution model and associated time-interval analysis for modelling WMSD occurrence. The resulting WMSDs impact the organization's production capabilities and add both direct and indirect costs to the target company's sorting processes. Application of the Poisson distribution to model the target company's history of WMSDs in order to determine an appropriate value for the rate of WMSD per unit time-interval was effective, and subsequent application of the model in estimating near-future WMSD costs useful. Topics: cost of diseases; frequency rates; mathematical models; musculoskeletal diseases; sickness absenteeism; statistical evaluation; textile industry. (73912)

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CIS 99-1827 Hazard assessments. Mansdorf Z., Occupational Hazards, Sep. 1999, Vol.61, No.9, p.57-64. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: hazard evaluation; job study; personal protective equipment; probability analysis; safety analysis. (74063)

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CIS 99-1828 Guide to the inspection of garages: Automobile repair workshops. (French: Guide de visite d'un garage: atelier de mécanique automobile) Allard-Lormier C., Chaudron B., Denamur-Gardair C., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1999, Vol.39, No.2, p.157-173. 18 ref. (In French)

Internet:

Topics: asbestos; check lists; chemical hazards; cleaning agents; degreasing agents; electricity; exhaust gases; explosion hazards; falls of persons; fire hazards; fuels; garages; hazard evaluation; housekeeping; industrial physicians; legal aspects; lifting equipment; lighting; limitation of exposure; manual handling; mechanical hazards; metal fumes; noise; occupational diseases; physical hazards; respirable dust; sanitary facilities; small enterprises; thermal environment; used oils; vehicle repair and servicing; work posture. (74125)

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CIS 99-1829 Implementing a behaviour-based approach to safety in a manufacturing organisation. Vassie L., Cox S., Safety and Health Practitioner, May 1999, Vol.17, No.5, p.31-33. Illus. 6 ref. (In English)

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Topics: case study; description of technique; human behaviour; human relations; implementation of control measures; manufacturing industries; plant safety organization; responsibilities; safety and health training. (73884)

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CIS 99-1830 Successful safety committees: Participation not legislation. O'Toole M.F., Journal of Safety Research, Spring 1999, Vol.30, No.1, p.39-65. Illus. 31 ref. (In English)

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Differences in safety outcomes are examined based on mandatory versus voluntary safety committee implementation at six manufacturing plants. Injury data were collected over a 10-year period, before and after each of the plants implemented employee safety committees. Data were also collected on two similar plants where no safety committees were implemented during the study period and which acted as controls for the study. Results suggest that the government could better achieve its objectives of reducing occupational injuries by encouraging companies to increase employee opportunity to participate in the safety process rather than target and/or require a specific type of participation programme to be implemented. Topics: injuries; legal aspects; long-term study; manufacturing industries; plant safety organization; programme evaluation; role of government; role of management; safety and health committees; safety programmes; USA; workers participation. (73921)

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CIS 99-1831 Searching for the whole truth. Hussain S., Accident Prevention, Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.46, No.2, p.23-29. Illus. 3 ref. (In English)

Internet:

Topics: accident investigation; analysis of accident causes; description of technique; report on investigation; safety programmes; safety service records; sampling and analysis. (73947)

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CIS 99-1832 How to respond to a work refusal. Black D., Accident Prevention, Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.46, No.2, p.39-43. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: Canada; dangerous work; legal aspects; responsibilities; right of refusal; role of labour inspection; role of management; role of workers organizations. (73948)

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CIS 99-1833 What's your organization's loss management IQ? - Part I. Hansen L.L., Occupational Hazards, Sep. 1999, Vol.61, No.9, p.41-43. Illus. (In English)

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Test in the form of a multiple choice questionnaire on loss control and safety management. For answers and discussion, see CIS 99-1834. Topics: attitude towards accidents; cost of accidents; cost of safety; plant safety organization; questionnaire survey; role of insurance institutions; role of management; role of supervisory staff; total loss control; workmen's compensation. (74064)

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CIS 99-1834 What's your organization's loss management IQ? - Part II. Hansen L.L., Occupational Hazards, Oct. 1999, Vol.61, No.10, p.88-99. Illus. (In English)

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Answers and discussion on loss control and safety management. For the questionnaire, see CIS 99-1833. Topics: attitude towards accidents; cost of accidents; cost of safety; economic aspects; legal aspects; plant safety organization; questionnaire survey; role of insurance institutions; role of management; role of supervisory staff; statistics; total loss control; workmen's compensation. (74065)

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CIS 99-1835 Role of the safety officer in managing risk. (Spanish: El papel del jefe de seguridad en la gerencia de riesgos) Ordóñez Baro J., Protección y seguridad, Sep.-Oct. 1997, Vol.43, No.255, p.18-22. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Topics: chemical industry; hazard evaluation; plant safety organization; safety analysis; safety and health training; safety by design; safety officers; Spain; survey. (74080)

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CIS 99-1836 Prevention of smoking and alcoholism by the mutual occupational accident insurances: A proposal. (Spanish: La prevención del tabaquismo y alcoholismo desde las mutuas de accidentes de trabajo: una propuesta) Montesdeoca Hernández D., Montesdeoca Hernández M.J., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.75-80. (In Spanish)

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Topics: alcoholism; health programmes; information of personnel; plant safety and health organization; role of insurance institutions; smoking; Spain. (74175)

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CIS 99-1837 The changing composition of lost-workday injuries. Ruser J.W., Monthly Labor Review, June 1999, Vol.122, No.6, p.11-17. Illus. 7 ref. (In English)

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Restricted-activity days are becoming a more common aspect of occupational injury and illness cases at the same time that the number of days away from work are becoming shorter and less frequent. Increased job safety and the faster return to work of injured workers may account for this development. Topics: accident absenteeism; age-linked differences; compensatory leave; injuries; occupational accidents; sickness absenteeism; statistical trends; statistics; types of accident; USA. (73867)

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CIS 99-1838 Occupational injuries in Shunde City - A county undergoing rapid economic change in Southern China. Yu T.S.I., Liu Y.M., Zhou J.L., Wong T.W., Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1999, Vol.31, No.4, p.313-317. (In English)

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A total of 981 major injuries and 159 fatal injuries were recorded for 602,533 person years during 1989-1993 in Shunde City, Southern China, giving a major injury rate of 1.63/1,000 per year and a fatal injury rate of 0.26/1,000 per year. Both rates increased from 1989 to 1993. Males had a higher fatal injury rate while females had a higher major injury rate. The majority of the injuries occurred in the younger age group with the 20-29 age group accounting for more than half of the total casualties. Industries having high injury rates included building and construction, furniture, paper and printing. Manufacturing of electrical appliances, sewing and shoe making had low injury rates. Enterprises with foreign capital and those managed privately also had lower injury rates. Most of the major injuries resulted from machinery (75%), whilst electrocution, being hit by heavy objects and falling from height accounted for most fatal injuries (over 60%). The implications of the different distribution of the occurrence of the injuries are discussed. Topics: age-linked differences; China; electricity; falling objects; falls from heights; fatalities; injuries; mechanical hazards; occupational accidents; personal protective equipment; plant safety and health organization; safety and health training; safety devices; sex-linked differences; statistics; types of accident. (73870)

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CIS 99-1839 Inventory of industrial accidents in 1998. (French: Inventaire des accidents technologiques 1998) Face au risque, June-July 1999, No.354 (whole issue). xi, 121p. Illus. (In French)

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Topics: accident descriptions; causes of accidents; chemical reactions; environmental pollution; explosion hazards; France; industries; list; major hazards; occupational accidents; statistics. (74128)

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CIS 99-1840 Mortality by occupation in Italy in 1973. (Italian: Mortalità per professioni in Italia nel 1973) Costa G., Rossignoli F., Cadum E., Antonelli A., Demaria M., Lagorio S., Zocchetti C., Fogli d'informazione ISPESL, 1997, Supplement to No.1, 215p. (whole issue). Illus. 20 ref. (In Italian)

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Female death certificates which were recorded on magnetic support for the last time in 1973 were used to obtain data on occupation in order to: investigate the differences in proportional mortality for cause and profession; compare the main proportional mortalities for occupations in Italy during the 1980s with those of 1973; and study the advantages and limitations of using occupation-related information derived from death certificates of women in order to describe profiles of occupational mortality. Topics: Italy; list of occupations; mortality; occupation disease relation; statistics. (74190)

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CIS 99-1841 Internal control of the working environment - Developments to date. Frostberg C., Newsletter, 1998, No.3-4, p.4, 12-15. Illus. (In English)

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Developments in internal control of the working environment and related fields in Sweden are described. Advantages of a co-ordinated approach to the working environment are discussed and economic aspects are considered. Topics: accident absenteeism; economic aspects; hazard evaluation; implementation of control measures; internal control; labour inspection; legal aspects; plant safety and health organization; responsibilities of employers; safety and health training; sickness absenteeism; Sweden; workers participation. (73881)

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CIS 99-1842 Employer compliance with rehabilitation. Kenny D., Kable S., Kroon M., Quinn S., Edwards S., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 1999, Vol.15, No.3, p.253-262. 1 ref. (In English)

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The level of employer compliance with current rehabilitation legislation in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, was investigated. The sample was selected to be representative across industries, geographical location and size of company. Results of the survey, based on 612 responses, were compared with an employer survey (93 responses) conducted in the Hunter region of NSW. Findings indicate that there is a high level of awareness of and compliance with current rehabilitation legislation among employers. However, the level of compliance is strongly related to the size of company; those with fewer than 20 employees were much less likely to comply than those with more than 20 employees. Companies of all sizes were more likely to adopt a rehabilitation programme issued by the insurer than to develop their own programme, indicating that employers are compliant with, rather than committed to, occupational rehabilitation. Strategies that directly assess the needs of small companies should be developed to facilitate better management of workplace injury. Topics: Australia; legislation; New South Wales; questionnaire survey; rehabilitation; responsibilities of employers; role of insurance institutions; role of labour inspection; safety and health organization; small enterprises; workmen's compensation. (73903)

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CIS 99-1843 Liabilities under labour and civil laws for occupational accidents and diseases. (Spanish: Responsabilidad laboral y civil en accidentes de trabajo y enfermedad profesional) Ayala Cáceres C.L., Protección y seguridad, Sep.-Oct. 1998, Vol.44, No.261, p.10-15. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Topics: Colombia; comment on law; compensation of occupational accidents; compensation of occupational diseases; criminal liability; legislation; responsibilities of employers; responsibilities. (74074)

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CIS 99-1844 The real cost of accidents and the challenge to engineers. Goldsmith J.C., On Guard, Dec. 1998, Vol.6, No.15, p.3-6. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: accident absenteeism; accidents and productivity; construction industry; cost of accidents; developing countries; economic aspects; occupational accidents; responsibilities of employers; role of labour inspection; role of management; workmen's compensation; Zimbabwe. (73863)

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CIS 99-1845 Contract labour - Health and safety implications in Zimbabwe. Baranyanga V., On Guard, Dec. 1998, Vol.6, No.15, p.13-18. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: agriculture; construction industry; degree of skill; developing countries; employee rights; forestry and logging; legislation; responsibilities of employers; safety training in industry; subcontractors; temporary workers; Zimbabwe. (73865)

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CIS 99-1846 A survey on management perspectives of the state of workplace health and safety practices in Kenya. Mbakaya C.F.L., Onyoyo H.A., Lwaki S.A., Omondi O.J., Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1999, Vol.31, No.4, p.305-312. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

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A survey was conducted in 1995 of management perspectives on occupational safety and health (OSH) structures and practices in Kenya to gain some insight into work safety conditions and to assess the potential for a new OSH manual to meet existing knowledge gaps. Results of the survey indicated that most workplace managers were not familiar with the Kenyan OSH legislation. Work injuries were largely attributable to working with dangerous machinery. Occupational diseases and HIV/AIDS were cited as other causes of workplace morbidity and mortality. Although most respondents (70%) were satisfied with their work safety conditions, only 37% said their workplaces were annually audited by labour inspectors while 45% said injured workers were not treated well by management. Many workplaces (65%) violated the mandatory legal requirement on the establishment of OSH committees. Results provide the basis of a needs analysis for future OSH programmes in Kenya. Topics: immunodeficiency syndrome; international cooperation; Kenya; legislation; plant safety and health organization; questionnaire survey; role of labour inspection; role of management; role of workers organizations; safety and health committees; safety and health training; safety and productivity; safety checks; safety consciousness; safety service records; workmen's compensation. (73869)

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CIS 99-1847 Occupational health and safety in the Republic of Karelia. (Russian: Professional'noe zdravoohranenie i bezopasnost' truda v Respublike Karelija) Kangas J., Humala P., Nuutinen J., Lindroos L., Sorainen E., Lehto E., Barents - Newsletter on Occupational Health and Safety, 1998, Vol.1, No.1, p.12-13, 28-30. Illus. (In English, Russian)

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Topics: asbestos; international cooperation; labour inspection; national organization; noise; notification of accidents and diseases; occupational diseases; occupational safety and health; Russian Federation; statistical aspects; training of OSH personnel. (73879)

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CIS 99-1848 Economic impact of occupational accidents. (Spanish: Impacto económico de los accidentes de trabajo) Domínguez Londoño J.I., Protección y seguridad, Sep.-Oct. 1997, Vol.43, No.255, p.9-14. 8 ref. (In Spanish)

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Topics: accident absenteeism; Colombia; compilation of statistics; cost of accidents; economic aspects; fatalities; occupational accidents. (74079)

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CIS 99-1849 Developing proposals on how to work with intermediaries. Haslam S., James J., Bennett D., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 66p. Illus. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-1599-5 (In English)

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Report on developing proposals for work with local organizations to improve the flow of health and safety information to small firms. Topics: information dissemination; public OSH institutions; report; role of private bodies; small enterprises; United Kingdom. (74031)

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CIS 99-1850 Analysis of accident causes and damage mitigation in socio-technical systems. (German: Schadensanalyse und Schadensbegrenzung in Sozio-technischen Systemen) Freymadl H.J., Fakultät für Maschinenbau, Elektrotechnik und Wirtschaftsingenieurwesen, Technische Universität Cottbus, Cottbus, Germany, July 1998. 179p. Illus. 119 ref. (In German)

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Examples of past accidents such as the crash of a Boeing 757 shortly after take-off in the Caribbean in February 1996 are used to illustrate the need of an improved understanding of the causes of accidents through interdisciplinary analyses which take into account the human factor and human reliability. A new method based on practical experience in safety consulting is presented. It differs from existing methods, which are reviewed, by going beyond specialist analysis to interdisciplinary technical and human inquiry. An inventory of all damages and losses caused by an accident is carefully prepared. The causes are identified and evaluated by reconstructing events from all direct and indirect evidence, and preventive measures are derived. The importance of improving human reliability by better training and motivation for efficient loss control is stressed by citing the example of the German pulp and paper industry. This industry saved more than DEM 71 million in the 6 years from 1987 to 1993 by decreasing the number of accidents through improvement of employee training. Topics: accident descriptions; accident research; analysis of accident causes; causes of accidents; damage control; human failure; material failure; motivation; pulp and paper industry; reliability; safety consultants; total loss control. (74141)

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CIS 99-1851 Health and safety statistics 1998/99. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1999. x, 210p. Illus. 21 ref. Price: GBP 17.50., ISBN 0-7176-1716-5 (In English)

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Topics: age-linked differences; biological hazards; chemical hazards; enforcement; fatalities; gas explosions; injuries; location of injury; mental health; musculoskeletal diseases; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; physical hazards; report; sex-linked differences; statistical trends; statistics; types of accident; United Kingdom. (74021)

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CIS 99-1852 Accident facts. National Safety Concil, 1121 Spring Lake Drive, Itasca, IL 60743, USA, 1998. vi, 149p. Illus. 13 ref. Index., ISBN 0-87912-200-5 (In English)

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Statistics on occupational accidents and diseases (USA), 1998. Topics: agriculture; carpal-tunnel syndrome; cost of accidents; fatalities; frequency rates; glossary; non-occupational accidents; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; report; statistical trends; statistics; types of accident; USA; workmen's compensation. (74040)

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CIS 99-1853 Developing an occupational health strategy for Great Britain. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iv, 42p. 3 ref. (In English)

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This discussion document is about preparing a ten-year occupational health strategy for Great Britain which will help all those involved in preventing ill health caused by work, to work together towards common aims and targets. The document reflects ideas from preliminary discussions with interested parties through focus groups, meetings, and responses to a working document. Topics: future trends; national organization; occupational safety and health; public OSH institutions; role of government; role of private bodies; United Kingdom. (73994)

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CIS 99-1854 Health and Safety Commission Annual Report and the Health and Safety Commission/Executive Accounts 1998/99. Health and Safety Commission, The Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1999. xvi, 177p. Illus. 70 ref. Price: GBP 19.80, ISBN 0-10-281499-6 (In English)

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Topics: enforcement; financing of programmes; inspection; legislation; public OSH institutions; report of activities; research; statistics; United Kingdom. (74023)

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CIS 99-1855 Highlights from the Health and Safety Commission Annual Report and the Health and Safety Commission/Executive Accounts 1998/99. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1999. 17p. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: enforcement; financing of programmes; inspection; legislation; public OSH institutions; report of activities; research; statistics; United Kingdom. (74024)

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CIS 99-1856 Health and safety in the local authority enforced sectors - HELA Annual Report 1999. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1999. iv, 52p. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: enforcement; inspection; public OSH institutions; report of activities; services; small enterprises; statistics; supply of information; United Kingdom. (74025)

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CIS 99-1857 Reducing risks; protecting people - HELA strategy 1999/02. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1999. 12p. (In English)

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Topics: enforcement; inspection; national organization; public OSH institutions; report of activities; role of government; role of management; services; small enterprises; supply of information; United Kingdom. (74026)

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CIS 99-1858 National picture of health and safety in the local authority enforced sectors - HELA National Picture 1999. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1999. vi, 61p. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: enforcement; inspection; national organization; occupational accidents; occupational diseases; public OSH institutions; report; services; statistical trends; statistics; supply of information; United Kingdom. (74027)

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CIS 99-1859 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health - Annual report 1998. Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41a A, 00250 Helsinki, Finland, 1998. 84p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Topics: Finland; health programmes; information services; international cooperation; ongoing research; public OSH institutions; report of activities; research establishments; safety and health training; safety programmes. (74029)

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CIS 99-1860 Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety. Stellman J.M. (ed.), International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 4th ed., 1998. Vol.I (1,224p.), Vol.II (896p.), Vol.III (1,256p.), Vol.IV (912p.). Illus. Bibl. Indexes. Price (4 vols.): USD 495; CHF 550; GBP 297., ISBN 92-2-109203-8 (In English)

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http://www.ilo.org/safework_bookshelf/english?d&nd=170000102&nh=0

Reference book, in four volumes (20 parts, 105 chapters), containing hundreds of in-depth articles covering different aspects of occupational safety and health. Volume I: 1. Occupational hazards according to different parts of the body. 2. Workers' health care. 3. Occupational health management and policies. 4. Tools and approaches for health protection at work. Volume II: 5. Psychosocial and organizational factors at work. 6. General, biological and physical hazards. 7. Environment. 8. Accidents and safety management in the enterprise. Volume III: 9. Chemical hazards in general, chemical products in agriculture, and metals. 10-17. Prevention of occupational hazards by industry. Volume IV: 18. Guides (e.g. hazard data sheets for 18 occupations and about 40 chemical families). 19. Indexes (by subject, to chemicals, of authors cited). 20. Directory of experts. (73998)

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CIS 99-1861 Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety. (Spanish: Enciclopedia de salud y seguridad en el trabajo) Stellman J.M. (ed.), Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, Subdirección General de Publicaciones, c/ Agustín de Bethencourt 11, 28003 Madrid, Spain, 3rd ed., 1998. 4 vols. (over 4,000p.). Illus. Bibl. Indexes. Price: ESP 42,000; EURO 252.43., ISBN 84-7434-974-5 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.mtas.es/insht/EncOIT/Index.htm

Spanish translation of the 4th edition of the ILO Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety (for the original, see CIS 99-1860). Reference book, in four volumes (20 parts, 105 chapters), containing hundreds of in-depth articles covering the different aspects of occupational safety and health. Volume I: 1. Occupational hazards according to different parts of the body. 2. Workers' health care. 3. Occupational health management and policies. 4. Tools and approaches for health protection at work. Volume II: 5. Psychosocial and organizational factors at work. 6. General, biological and physical hazards. 7. Environment. 8. Accidents and safety management in the enterprise. Volume III: 9. Chemical hazards in general, chemical products in agriculture, and metals. 10-17. Prevention of occupational hazards by industry. Volume IV: 18. Guides (e.g. hazard data sheets for 18 occupations and about 40 chemical families). 19. Indexes (by subject, to chemicals, of authors cited). 20. Directory of experts. (74000)

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CIS 99-1862 The costs to Britain of workplace accidents and work-related ill health in 1995/96. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 2WA, United Kingdom, 1999. 2nd ed., viii, 128p. Illus. 55 ref. Price: GBP 24.95., ISBN 0-7176-1709-2 (In English)

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This book updates cost estimates produced for the U.K. Health and Safety Executive for 1990 (CIS 94-857). Estimates cover the costs to individuals, employers and society. In comparison with the previous edition, this report provides a breakdown of costs by industry, region and occupation. It is aimed at senior management, researchers, employers' associations, legislators, etc. Topics: compensatory leave; cost of accidents; cost of diseases; economic aspects; fatalities; frequency rates; national variables; role of insurance institutions; statistics; United Kingdom; workmen's compensation. (74022)

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CIS 99-1863 Hazards of the job - From industrial disease to environmental health science. Sellers C.C., The University of North Carolina Press, Post Office Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288, USA, 1997. xv, 331p. Illus. 834 ref. Price: USD 45.00. Index., ISBN 0-8078-2314-7 (In English)

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Topics: compensation of occupational diseases; economic aspects; history; lead poisoning; occupational diseases; occupational hygiene; occupational medicine; pesticides; phosphorus necrosis; research; social aspects; USA. (74035)

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CIS 99-1864 Profiles of agencies, institutions and organizations involved in occupational safety and health in Sri Lanka. ILO-FINNIDA Asian-Pacific Regional Programme on Occupational Safety and Health, c/o ILO ROAP, United Nations Building, 10200 Bangkok, Thailand, 2nd ed., Nov. 1997. 108p. (In English)

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Topics: developing countries; directory; ILO; private OSH institutions; public OSH institutions; safety and health institutions; Sri Lanka. (74042)

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CIS 99-1865 Testimonies on occupational safety and health. (Spanish: Testimonios en torno a la seguridad y la salud en el trabajo) Ventero Velasco M., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 239p., ISBN 84-7425-520-1 (In Spanish)

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Topics: alcoholism; drug dependence; ergonomics; harmful physical agents; harmful substances; legislation; plant safety and health organization; psychology and sociology; risk factors; Spain; stress factors; supply of information. (74073)

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CIS 99-1866 Ergonomics, health and safety - Conditions of work and the environment. (French: Ergonomie, hygiène et sécurité - Conditions de travail et environnement) Bernard C.P., Les éditions d'ergonomie, B.P. 138, 13267 Marseille Cedex 08, France, 35th ed., 1999. 1304p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: FRF 1202.70., ISBN 2-908191-15-6 (In French)

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Replaces CIS 94-1916. Topics: air conditioning; artificial lighting; dangerous equipment; dangerous substances; dangerous work; directory; electrical safety; encyclopaedia; environmental pollution; ergonomics; escape and rescue; explosion prevention; fire protection; France; heating; in-plant transport; ionizing radiation; legislation; list of chemical substances; list of radioactive substances; materials handling; national organization; noise control; occupational safety and health; personal protective equipment; plant health organization; plant safety organization; pressure vessels; public OSH institutions; safety and health documentation; safety and health organization; safety and health training; signalling and communications; TLV list; toxic substances; ventilation. (74092)

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CIS 99-1867 European employment and industrial relations glossary: Denmark. Treu T., Terry M., Hasselbalch O., Krieger H., European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, eds., Sweet and Maxwell Ltd., 100 Avenue Road, London NW3 3PF, United Kingdom 1998; also available from: Office for Official Publications of the Communities, 2985 Luxembourg, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, 1998. lix, 324p. 36 ref. Index. Price: EUR 38.00 (excluding TVA)., ISBN 0-421-44890-3 (In English)

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This dictionary provides definitions and explanations of 1018 terms used in the labour relations field in Denmark, including terms related to safety and health. Includes a review of economic and legal aspects of labour relations in Denmark and some statistics on employment. Topics: Denmark; dictionary; European Communities; industrial relations; labour-management relations; occupational safety and health; statistics. (74179)

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CIS 99-1868 Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety. Stellman J.M. (ed.), International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 4th ed., 1998. CD-ROM + manual (78p.). Price: USD 495; CHF 550; GBP 297., ISBN 92-2-109818-4 (In English)

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Electronic version of this reference book (four volumes in printed version) containing hundreds of in-depth articles covering different aspects of occupational safety and health: occupational hazards according to different parts of the body; workers' health care; occupational health management and policies; tools and approaches for health protection at work; psychosocial and organizational factors at work; general, biological and physical hazards; environment; accidents and safety management in the enterprise; chemical hazards in general, chemical products in agriculture, and metals; prevention of occupational hazards by industry; guides (e.g. hazard data sheets for 18 occupations and about 40 chemical families). Possibility of searching by different indexes and of navigating by hypertext links. (73999)

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[ Top of page ]

002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology

CIS 99-1869 Consensus conference on elaborating a clinical medical surveillance strategy for persons exposed to asbestos. (French: Conférence de consensus pour l'élaboration d'une stratégie de surveillance médicale clinique des personnes exposées à l'amiante) Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, May-June 1999, Vol.60, No.3-4 (whole issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. (In French)

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Topics: asbestos; asbestosis; cancer; conference; diagnosis; dose-response relationship; endoscopy; exposure tests; fibre counts; legislation; medical supervision; mesothelioma; occupation disease relation; occupational medicine; pleural diseases; respirable dust; respiratory function tests; social aspects. (74127)

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CIS 99-1870 An evaluation of the incidence of work-related asthma in the United States. Henneberger P.K., Kreiss K., Rosenman K.D., Reilly M.J., Chang Y.F., Geidenberger C.A., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 1999, Vol.5, No.1, p.1-8. Illus. 29 ref. (In English)

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The incidences of physician-diagnosed cases of work-related asthma (WRA) in Michigan and the entire USA were estimated. For the entire USA, the product of a national incidence rate for asthma among adults and estimates of the proportion that is work-related was used. A total of 933 cases of WRA was reported to the Michigan surveillance programme during 1988-1995, of which 904 were reported by at least one of the three main sources and equalled an average incidence of 27 cases/106/year. This estimate was less than the range of estimates 58 to 204 cases/106/year in Michigan arrived at using the capture-recapture methods. The national estimates of WRA ranged from 63 to 441 cases/106/year. The authors' indirect estimates are closer to estimates from Canada, Sweden, and Finland than most existing direct estimates in the USA, but probably still underestimate the magnitude of WRA incidence because of the limitations of physician recognition of the work-relatedness of asthma among adults. Topics: asthma; Canada; compilation of statistics; Finland; frequency rates; Michigan; statistical evaluation; statistics; Sweden; USA. (73886)

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CIS 99-1871 Back supports and back injuries: A second visit with the Home Depot cohort study data on low-back injuries. Kraus J.F., McArthur D.L., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 1999, Vol.5, No.1, p.9-13. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

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Back supports have been controversial as means of reducing injuries to the lower back. Diverse issues bear on the interpretation of data obtained in a major epidemiologic investigation of the utility of back supports in the retail-trade home improvement industry. These concerns are focused on alternative explanations for the changes in injury rates observed over the six-year study period, on individual and group factors other than the use of the back support that might have contributed to reducing the risk of injury, and on related methodologic issues. Each issue is addressed with specific reference to how it might affect the analyses and the conclusion that supports show a protective effect. Topics: back belts; backache; epidemiologic study; frequency rates; lifting of loads; manual lifting; materials handling; musculoskeletal diseases; personal protective equipment; retail trade. (73887)

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CIS 99-1872 The economic and social consequences of work-related musculoskeletal disorders: The Connecticut upper-extremity surveillance project (CUSP). Morse T.F., Dillon C., Warren N., Levenstein C., Warren A., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.4, No.4, p.209-216. 18 ref. (In English)

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A population-based telephone survey was conducted in Connecticut, USA, to determine the social and economic impact of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WRMSDs). Only 10.6% of cases had filed for workers' compensation. Respondents had spent an average of USD489 annually out-of-pocket. Only 21% of individuals who had had medical visits or procedures reported having them paid for by workers' compensation. The WRMSD cases reported much higher levels of difficulty in daily tasks rated by the activities of daily living scale, with odds ratios ranging from 8.2 (child care) to 36.2 (bathing). The cases were significantly more likely to have moved for financial reasons, including having lost a home. The cases were also significantly more likely to have lost a car due to finances, more likely to have been divorced, and less likely to have been promoted. The study supports significant externalization of costs for WRMSD out of the workers' compensation system and a substantial social and economic impact on workers. Topics: compensation of occupational diseases; cost of diseases; economic aspects; injuries to upper extremities; musculoskeletal diseases; questionnaire survey; repetitive strain injury; social aspects; USA. (73925)

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CIS 99-1873 A standard tool for the analysis of occupational lung cancer in epidemiologic studies. Ahrens W., Merletti F., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.4, No.4, p.236-240. 12 ref. (In English)

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A standard tool for the analysis of known and suspected causes of occupational lung cancer in population-based studies is proposed in order to allow comparable definitions of exposure or of categorizations of occupations. It is based on a list of occupations and industries known (list A) or suspected (list B) to be associated with lung cancer. The lists were translated into codes of the ILO International Standard Classification of Occupations, 1968, and the International Standard Industrial Classification, 1971. The specificity of the categorization is compromised for some groups that are defined by highly specific production processes or exposures. Nevertheless, the grouping is based on a highly valid source of information in population-based studies. It is proposed for use in the assessment of the public health impact of occupational lung cancer. Topics: classification systems; classification; epidemiology; lung cancer; risk factors; statistical aspects. (73927)

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CIS 99-1874 Case-control study of occupational exposures and male breast cancer. Cocco P., Figgs L., Dosemeci M., Hayes R., Linet M.S., Hsing A.W., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.55, No.9, p.599-604. 32 ref. (In English)

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A case-control study of 178 cases of male breast cancer and 1,047 controls in the USA showed a significant increase in risk associated with employment in blast furnaces, steel works, rolling mills and motor vehicle manufacturing. Risk also increased with increasing socioeconomic status, suggesting that lifestyle factors, such as diet, should be further investigated. Exposures to electromagnetic fields, high temperatures, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, herbicides, other pesticides and organic solvents were not associated with risk of male breast cancer. Topics: blast furnaces; breast cancer; case-control study; male workers; motor vehicle industry; non-occupational factors; occupation disease relation; risk factors; rolling mills; social aspects; steelworks. (73978)

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CIS 99-1875 Occupational disorders of the spine: The new schedules 97 and 98 of occupational diseases. (French: Affections professionnelles du rachis: les nouveaux tableaux 97 et 98) Daujard E., Préventique-Sécurité, Mar.-Apr. 1999, No.44, p.48-51. Illus. (In French)

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This article gives a short commentary on French Decree No.99-95 of 15 February 1999 (published in the Journal officiel de la République française, 16 February 1999) which adds new schedules of occupational diseases concerning chronic disorders of the spinal column due to whole-body vibration and/or manual handling of heavy loads. In addition, a preventive methodology is outlined which may be used in any enterprise to help prevent chronic spinal disorders. Topics: chronic diseases; comment on law; ergonomic evaluation; France; legislation; limitation of exposure; manual handling; manual lifting; physical workload; responsibilities of employers; schedule of occupational diseases; spinal column; spinal diseases; whole-body vibration; work posture. (74129)

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CIS 99-1876 Work activity and non-melanoma skin cancer. (Spanish: La actividad laboral en relación con el cáncer cutáneo no melanoma) Morales Suárez-Varela M.M., Llopis González A., Marquina Vila A., Cerjudo Ferragud A.I., Fuertes A., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.59-73. 29 ref. (In Spanish)

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The incidence of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is increasing, and the risk of developing this disease is higher in areas with long hours of sunshine, as in Valencia in Spain. A study was made in a hospital in Valencia during the period 1977-1993, with the aim of establishing occupations at higher risk of NMSC and major risk factors. Results showed that domestic and agricultural activities were the groups most associated with NMSC, as were a light skin complexion and the presence of pre-existing skin lesions in both groups. Tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption were most frequent among agricultural workers. Concerning the type of tumor involved, squamous cell carcinoma was the most common tumor in the agricultural sector, while basal cell carcinoma was the most common tumor among domestic workers. Topics: agriculture; alcoholism; carcinoma; chemical products; domestic service; job-exposure relation; risk factors; skin cancer; smoking; solar radiation; Spain; statistical evaluation; survey. (74174)

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CIS 99-1877 Occupational olfactory alterations: Diagnostic procedures. (Italian: Le alterazioni olfattive da causa professionale: Orientamenti per la diagnosi) Chiappino G., Broich G., Mascagni P., Pacchi O., Medicina del lavoro, July-Aug. 1998, Vol.89, No.4, p.283-291. 29 ref. (In Italian)

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There is evidence that occupational exposure to several, mainly neurotoxic, substances may result in olfactory damage. In this study, three different olfactory testing methods have been combined in one package in order to ensure a level of results to a forensic degree. The package consists of primary neuron function testing with a single olfactory stimulant; olfactory-trigeminal discrimination testing with regular sniff-test; and odour identification score by Doty's UPSIT test. Final judgement of a link between olfactory system impairment and occupational exposure to chemicals requires a good knowledge of present and past occupational exposures and of the general condition of the patient. It also requires collaboration between the occupational health specialist and the expert in olfactology and may be completed with endoscopy, radiography and other specific controls. It is suggested that a more extensive use of appropriate olfactory testing should be established, at least for those groups of workers at risk. Topics: cadmium and compounds; chemical products; chromium and compounds; diagnosis; loss of smell; mercury and compounds; nickel and compounds; olfaction; olfactometry; organic solvents; respirable dust; smoking. (74176)

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CIS 99-1878 Occupational respiratory allergic diseases: Strategies for monitoring the work place, identification of allergens and preventive measures. (Italian: Allergopatie respiratorie professionali: monitoraggio ambientale, aeroallergeni, prevenzione) Previdi M., Marraccini P., Farioli L., Rubino F.M., Colombi A., Medicina del lavoro, Nov.-Dec. 1998, Vol.89, No.6, p.481-498. 68 ref. (In Italian)

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The main studies published on the relationship between concentrations of airborne allergens and the development of symptoms are reviewed, focusing on three aeroallergens - wheat flour proteins, latex and laboratory animal allergens. The studies cannot be directly compared because of differences in methods, but they do suggest that low levels of airborne allergens may be sufficient to sensitize individuals. The evidence for a dose-response relationship between exposure and symptoms is indirect and not always clear. In occupational medicine, the presence of severe asthma or other allergic disease is suggested as a criterion for excluding workers from a particular job. Workers that are atopic but do not manifest allergic symptoms should be informed about the risk of developing occupational respiratory diseases, and periodic check-ups are strongly recommended. Standardized methods of measurement of airborne allergens for environmental control are needed to allow comparison between studies and adopt primary preventive measures. Topics: allergens; allergic respiratory disorders; experimental animals; flour; individual susceptibility; latex; literature survey; sensitization. (74185)

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CIS 99-1879 Occupational epidemiology in agriculture: A case study in the Southern African context. London L., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.4, No.4, p.245-256. Illus. 47 ref. (In English)

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Some challenges facing occupational epidemiology in developing countries are outlined in this case study of agriculture drawing on Southern African research. These include the characterization of exposures in resource- and data-poor environments typical of developing countries, the assessment of outcomes where cross-cultural and socio-environmental confounders may be substantial obstacles, and the impact of environmental exposures on workplace health. It is argued that, if occupational epidemiology is to have meaningful impact on the health of the most marginalized groups of workers in developing countries, it must redefine itself in terms of a public health approach. The boundaries of epidemiologic inquiry need to be broad, and amenable to interfacing with policy research, using qualitative methods and participatory approaches. More so than in other industrial settings, epidemiologists must move from research to practice, seeking to take action where interventions are needed, and to evaluate such actions. Topics: agriculture; child labour; confounding factors; developing countries; epidemiology; ethics; exposure evaluation; neurotoxic effects; pesticides; South Africa; women. (73928)

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CIS 99-1880 Creating alliances for disease management in industrial settings: A case study of HIV/AIDS in workers in South African gold mines. Williams B., Campbell C., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.4, No.4, p.257-264. Illus. 50 ref. (In English)

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Using the South African mining industry as a case study, the state of the HIV epidemic is reviewed and programmess that have been undertaken to manage HIV are discussed. The reasons that current interventions have had little impact on HIV among mine workers are analyzed, tracing the lack of success to neglect of the social and community contexts within which HIV transmission takes place, as well as the lack of attention to the psychosocial processes and mechanisms underlying disease transmission. Finally, an intervention is described that aims to address the limitations of existing industrial programmes and improve the management of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, in a particular occupational setting through creating alliances between a wide range of community stakeholders. Topics: gold mining; health programmes; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; information of personnel; role of employers organizations; role of workers organizations; social aspects; South Africa. (73929)

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CIS 99-1881 Cancer mortality among magazine printing workers. Luce D., Landre M.F., Clavel T., Limousin I., Dimerman S., Moulin J.J., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Apr. 1997, Vol.54, No.4, p.264-267. 17 ref. (In English)

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In a study of 262 workers in an offset printing plant, an increased cancer mortality was found after ten years of employment, mainly because of a high mortality from lung cancer and from oesophageal cancer. The increased cancer mortality was concentrated among pressman. Although based on small numbers, the findings suggest an increased risk of cancer among these workers which should be further investigated. Topics: cancer; cohort study; length of exposure; lung cancer; mortality; oesophageal carcinoma; offset printing; printing industry. (74020)

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CIS 99-1882 Workers participation in a nutrition education programme. Braeckman L., Maes L., Bellemans M., Vanderhaegen M.R., De Maeyer A.M., De Bacquer D., De Backer G., Archives of Public Health, 1998, Vol.56, No.9-10, p.275-289. 37 ref. (In English)

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An employee nutrition education programme was evaluated for 361 middle-aged male employees who responded to a risk factor questionnaire and underwent a physical examination. 90% of baseline subjects were surveyed a second time at the end of the intervention period. The programme consisted of personal counselling based on screening results, media messages, nutrition group sessions and environmental changes. At baseline, the overall response rate was 81%, in nutrition classes 36% of the respondents enrolled. Unmarried employees, bluecollar workers and smokers were less likely to participate in these group sessions. Among nonparticipants, lack of time and existing good health were the most common reasons cited for not participating. The overall employee rating of the programme was positive. This project demonstrates that in a worksite education programme high rates of initial participation can be achieved. However, the diminished enrollment of smokers and blue-collar workers in group sessions supports concern that a health programme may not equally reach all segments of the workforce. Topics: audiovisual training; cancer; cardiovascular diseases; diabetes mellitus; health programmes; human behaviour; information of personnel; nutrition; personal hygiene; plant health services; preventive aspects of diet; programme evaluation; workers participation. (73873)

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CIS 99-1883 Health promotion in telework through health circles. (German: Gesundheitsförderung an Telearbeitsplätzen: Durchführung von Gesundheitszirkeln) Konradt U., Wilm A., Zeitschrift für Gesundheitswissenschaften, July-Sep. 1999, Vol.7, No.3, p.267-285. Illus. 33 ref. (In German)

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Three Germany intercompany health circles composed of 24 teleworkers were formed to assess prevalent stress and strain factors and to develop and exchange coping strategies. Topics addressed in the health circles were hours of work, performance evaluation, relationship with supervisors, colleagues and clients, problems with personal computers and software. It was found that teleworkers perform more work, shift working hours into the evening and to the weekend, need to put more effort into keeping contact with supervisors and coworkers, lack the trust of supervisors and coworkers, are plagued by a feeling of being left out and often have to use outdated software and documents. The coping strategies that were identified require adjustments by the companies as well as by the teleworkers. Topics: conditions of work; health programmes; home work; hours of work; human relations; quality circles; stress factors; supervisors; telecommuting. (74146)

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CIS 99-1884 ADEREST - 5th Symposium on Epidemiology and Health at Work, Angers, 5 and 6 November 1998. (French: ADEREST - 5e Colloque d'Epidémiologie en Santé et Travail, Angers, 5 et 6 novembre 1998) Revue de médecine du travail, Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.26, No.2, p.80-118. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In French)

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Topics: age-linked differences; asthma; cancer; carbonaceous dust pneumoconiosis; 2-ethoxyethyl acetate; asbestos; catalase; conference; epidemiology; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; health hazards; hypertension; job-exposure relation; live work; medical supervision; mesothelioma; pesticides; screen printing; shift work; sickness absenteeism; sleep; social aspects; workplace design. (74124)

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CIS 99-1885 Occupational factors in oesophageal cancer. Cherry N., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iv, 57p. 62 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-1590-1 (In English)

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The literature was searched for reports investigating a relation between oesophageal cancer and employment. Studies of non-occupational factors were also considered insofar as they provided data on important confounders. As few studies of occupation distinguished between cell type, squamous and adenocarcinomas were considered together in this review. It was concluded that there was little evidence of increased risk for work involving exposure to wood dust or, except in areas producing alcohol, with farming. Consistent increases in risk in bar and brewery workers were thought more likely due to personal consumption of alcohol and cigarettes than to occupational exposures. A possibility of a true increase in risk in painters, dry cleaners, printers, rubber workers and meat handlers could not be ruled out, and a risk in some textile trades also remained a possibility. Topics: agriculture; breweries; dry cleaning; epidemiologic study; literature survey; meat industry; occupation disease relation; oesophageal carcinoma; painting; printing industry; risk factors; rubber industry; smoking; textile industry; waiters, waitresses and bartenders; woodworking industry. (73997)

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CIS 99-1886 Leukaemia in teachers. Baker P., Inskip H., Coggon D., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. iii, 64p. Illus. 62 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-1589-8 (In English)

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This review was carried out at the request of the UK Health and Safety Executive. It was stimulated by observations of high mortality from leukaemia and related disorders among teachers in a national analysis of occupational mortality for England and Wales during 1979-80 and 1982-90, and the suggestion of elevated mortality from leukaemia among teaching professionals in a similar analysis for an earlier period. The aim was to assess systematically the epidemiological evidence for an increased incidence of haematopoietic cancer in teachers, and to explore the most likely explanation for the elevation of mortality recorded in the national statistics. Topics: educational institutions; epidemiologic study; haemic and lymphatic diseases; infectious diseases; leukaemia; literature survey; risk factors; teaching; United Kingdom; virus diseases. (73996)

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CIS 99-1887 Medical aspects of occupational skin disease. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. 8p. 17 ref. Price: GBP 5.50., ISBN 0-7176-1545-6 (In English)

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This guidance note is addressed to health professionals to advise them on the surveillance of those at risk from irritants, sensitizers and other non-infective skin damaging agents, excluding ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. It aims to advise on: the incidence and nature of occupational skin disease; the role of employers in preventing occupational skin disease; suitable and necessary health surveillance; and the management of individual cases. Topics: data sheet; dermatitis; diagnosis; eczema; epidemiological aspects; hazard evaluation; irritants; list of chemical substances; medical supervision; sensitization dermatitis; sensitizers; skin diseases; skin tests; transfer to other work; United Kingdom. (73995)

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003 Industries and occupations

CIS 99-1888 Study of a cohort of art glass workers in the province of Empoli, Italy. (Italian: Studio di coorte dei lavoratori del vetro artistico nel territorio empolese) Bartoli D., Battista G., Bertoncini S., De Santis M., Giusti S., Orsi D., Pirastu R., Zingoni A., Valiani M., Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1998, Vol.89, No.5, p.424-436. 53 ref. (In Italian)

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Cause-specific mortality was investigated among a cohort of 3,390 art glass workers employed in 17 industrial facilities in Italy for at least one year. Separate analyses were carried out for the job titles of glass makers, batch mixers and grinders. Among the 3,180 male workers of the cohort in general, observed mortality was above expected for cancers of the lung, larynx, stomach and brain. For non-cancer causes, observed mortality was above expected for hypertensive diseases and diseases of the genitourinary system. These increases for the general cohort were also shown among the glass makers sub-group. Mortality from larynx and lung cancers increased with time since first exposure and significantly increased Standard Mortality Ratios were observed for 21 or more years since first exposure, with this pattern still present after adjustment for smoking. This consistently increased mortality applies to the overall cohort and glass makers. Topics: arts and crafts; brain cancer; cohort study; gastrointestinal cancer; genito-urinary system diseases; glass industry; hypertension; Italy; laryngeal cancer; lung cancer; mortality. (74183)

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CIS 99-1889 National economic performance through health and safety in the agricultural sector. Tendengu L., On Guard, Dec. 1998, Vol.6, No.15, p.7-12. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: agriculture; developing countries; economic aspects; immunodeficiency syndrome; occupational accidents; pesticide poisoning; social aspects; statistics; Zimbabwe. (73864)

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CIS 99-1890 Non-fatal agricultural injuries and risk factors among Colorado female farmers. Xiang H., Stallones L., Chiu Y., Epperson A., Journal of Agromedicine, 1998, Vol.5, No.4, p.21-33. Illus. 27 ref. (In English)

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Non-fatal agricultural injuries and associated risk factors among female farmers in Colorado were assessed on 485 farms between 1993 and 1995. 872 principal operators and spouses were interviewed in 1993, of whom 402 were female farmers. 359 of the female farmers were re-interviewed in 1994, and 316 of the second year participants were followed up in 1995. 12.1% of the female farmers reported agricultural work-related injuries between January 1992 and June 1995. Of these, 59.2% were injured once, 28.2% were injured twice, 10.2% were injured three times, and 2.04% were injured four times. Injury rates per 200,000 working hours for animal handling, farmstead material handling, crop production, farm maintenance, transport of farm equipment or produce, and other activities were 8.3, 11.4, 5.0, 8.2, 5.4, and 14.5 respectively. Agricultural work-related injuries were significantly associated with depressive symptoms, more than 30 years experience in agricultural work, and age between 30 and 39. Topics: age-linked differences; agricultural equipment; agriculture; Colorado; depressive neurosis; frequency rates; handling of animals; harvesting; hazard evaluation; maintenance; materials handling; occupational accidents; pesticides; questionnaire survey; risk factors; statistics; USA; women. (73871)

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CIS 99-1891 Health problems of deep sea fishermen. Filikowski J., Rzepiak M., Renke W., Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1998, Vol.XLIX, No.1/4, p.45-51. (In English)

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In 1995-1997, 966 fishermen were subjected to medical examinations and their health state was evaluated. In 78.2% of the fishermen examined, no pathologies were recorded. In 7.7%, defects and impairments not regarded as diseases, with visual defects predominating, were noted. In some of the fishermen examined, diseases coexisted with the defects and impairments. The major health problems of the deep-sea fishermen were: various types of neuroses (8%), arterial hypertension (4.7%), urolithiasis (0.8%) and disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Topics: deep-sea fishing; health hazards; hypertension; long-term study; morbidity; musculoskeletal diseases; neurosis; urinary lithiasis. (73891)

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CIS 99-1892 Farm related injuries and fatalities in Alberta. Coury H.J.C.G., Kumar S., Jones E., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.539-547. Illus. 16 ref. (In English)

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Features of farm injury, accidents and fatalities recorded by the Farm Accident Monitoring System in Alberta, Canada, are described. Data for the period 1976-1989 and for the year of 1995 are reported. A better understanding of the magnitude and characteristics of agriculture-related accidents is essential to design effective strategies to control these accidents. Topics: agricultural equipment; agricultural operations; Alberta; Canada; causes of accidents; fatalities; injuries; statistical evaluation; statistics; types of accident. (73957)

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CIS 99-1893 New Zealand logging industry accident reporting scheme: Focus for a human factors research programme. Sullman M.J.M., Kirk P.M., Parker R.J., Gaskin J.E., Journal of Safety Research, Summer 1999, Vol.30, No.2, p.123-131. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

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A voluntary accident reporting scheme is described which has been used to identify the requirements for, and monitor the effectiveness of, interventions within the New Zealand logging industry. Two examples are used: the development of chainsaw cut-resistant legwear, and determinination of the most appropriate color for high visibility clothing. The underlying rationale for each intervention is described and the effectiveness of the intervention is evaluated, based on data drawn from the accident reporting scheme. Topics: case study; chain saws; forestry and logging; leg protection; New Zealand; notification of occupational accidents; protective clothing; visibility. (73943)

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CIS 99-1894 Evaluation of risk of occupational injuries among underground coal mine workers through multinomial logit analysis. Maiti J., Bhattacherjee A., Journal of Safety Research, Summer 1999, Vol.30, No.2, p.93-101. 37 ref. (In English)

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The risk of injuries to miners working in a group of underground coal mines in India was assessed, taking into account their individual and workplace characteristics. A binary logit model was used to measure the risk of injuries to the miners and a multinomial logit model was used to measure the risk of severe and reportable injuries. Results revealed that both the individual and workplace characteristics of the miners had significant effect on the risk of occurrence of injuries. While the age and experience of the miners did not have any significant effect on the risk of occurrence of injuries, the occupation categories showed that the face workers were more at risk for injury. Among the workplace variables, the workplace location categories showed that the outby-face location is more conducive to accidents. Topics: coal mining; hazard evaluation; India; individual variables; risk factors; severity rates; statistical evaluation; underground work. (73941)

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CIS 99-1895 Mortality of Dutch coalminers in relation to pneumoconiosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lung function. Meijers J.M.M., Swaen G.M.H., Slangen J.J.M., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.54, No.10, p.708-713. 19 ref. (In English)

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In a retrospective cohort study of 3,790 Dutch underground coal miners, excess mortalities from coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) were found. Diminished lung function at medical examination resulted in a significantly increased mortality from COPD, whereas normal lung function yielded expected mortalities from COPD. A positive correlation was also observed between diminished lung function and mortality from CWP. The risk of dying of COPD and CWP increased with decreasing body mass index at the time of medical examination. Topics: body weight; chronic bronchitis; coal dust; coal mining; coalworkers pneumoconiosis; cohort study; emphysema; lung diseases; mortality; Netherlands; pulmonary function. (74001)

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CIS 99-1896 Health and safety in the Lesotho Highlands dam and tunnel construction program. Colvin M., Dalvie A., Myers J.E., Macun I.A., Sharp B., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.4, No.4, p.231-235. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

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To review health and safety practices and to determine the occupational health status of dam workers in the Lesotho Highlands, a health and safety audit and a health study of 258 workers was undertaken. The workers were administered respiratory health questionnaires and underwent chest X-rays and lung function and audiometric testing. The audit revealed a low level of awareness of health and safety issues at all levels of management and a lack of occupational medicine and industrial hygiene systems. Noise-induced hearing loss occurred among 92% of the study subjects. Among the 156 dam construction workers, 5.4% had pneumoconiosis. With poorly developed laws and regulatory bodies, unsophisticated trade unions, and little client supervision, health and safety had a low priority in this construction project. Recommendations are made that are pertinent to health and safety management where international companies are operating in developing countries. Topics: conditions of work; construction of dams; developing countries; evaluation of control measures; hearing loss; Lesotho; multinational enterprises; plant safety and health organization; pneumoconiosis; tunnelling. (73926)

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CIS 99-1897 The quest for work zone safety. Busick J., Occupational Hazards, Oct. 1999, Vol.61, No.10, p.155-160. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: causes of accidents; construction equipment; earthmoving equipment; earthmoving; falling objects; falls of persons; fatalities; hazardous locations; legal aspects; optical signalling; road work; safety and health training; visibility. (74070)

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CIS 99-1898 A sociological case study of occupational accidents in the Brazilian petrochemical industry. Galli E., Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1999, Vol.31, No.4, p.297-304. 23 ref. (In English)

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A case study of accidents occurring in a petrochemical plant located in South Eastern Brazil was based on comprehensive interviews with engineers and workers concerning major accidents. Information collected during the interviews highlighted the contrasts in how management and workers interpret industrial accidents. Some implications for actions are discussed. Topics: analysis of accident causes; Brazil; case study; causes of accidents; hazard evaluation; human factors; major hazards; petrochemical industry; plant safety organization; risk awareness; role of management; role of supervisory staff; social aspects; workers participation. (73868)

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CIS 99-1899 Cancer incidence of workers in the Swedish petroleum industry. Järvholm B., Mellblom B., Norrman R., Nilsson R., Nordlinder R., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.686-691. 28 ref. (In English)

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In a retrospective cohort study of 4,128 men and 191 women who had worked for at least one year in the petroleum industry, there were 146 cases of cancer compared with 157.6 expected in the general population. Operators at refineries had an increased risk of leukaemia (6 cases compared with 1.7 expected). Five of the six cases had started to work at the refineries in the 1950s or later. A possible cause of this increased risk is exposure to benzene. No other significantly increased risk of cancer was found. Topics: cancer; benzene; cohort study; leukaemia; morbidity; occupation disease relation; petroleum products; petroleum refining. (74016)

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CIS 99-1900 The local impact of globalization: Worker health and safety in Mexico's sugar industry. Lemus-Ruiz B.E., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 1999, Vol.5, No.1, p.56-60. 2 ref. (In English)

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With the opening of its economy to international trade, the government of Mexico privatized many of its productive holdings, including the state-owned sugar industry. Since the privatization of the sugar mills, sugar workers have experienced a dramatic reorganization of the work process, and industry-union relationships are being reshaped. The impact of privatization on workers' safety and health is investigated, as are economic and social changes in the work process which have a direct impact on the community as a whole. Topics: economic aspects; environmental pollution; increase in productivity; Mexico; role of government; role of workers organizations; stress factors; sugar industry; work organization. (73890)

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CIS 99-1901 Minor and major industrial accidents in a southern Italian (Apulia) food factory: A ten-year study. (Italian: Infortuni sul lavoro minori e maggiori in una azienda pugliese del settore alimentare: uno studio decennale) Di Lorenzo L., Zocchetti C., Platania A., De Francesco G., De Metrio R., Pirris A., Gigante M.R., Medicina del lavoro, Nov.-Dec. 1998, Vol.89, No.6, p.499-513. 15 ref. (In Italian)

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Data on accidents over a 10-year period in a food factory were analysed according to severity, number of hours worked, type of injury and cause. The relationship between types of occupational accidents and consumption of cigarettes, medication and alcohol was also investigated. "Minor" accidents represented 70% of all accidents during the study period. "Blue collar" workers had more frequent and more serious injuries than did technical workers. Minor accidents, and especially accidents associated with taking of medication, occurred more frequently during one-shift than during three-shift work. Increasing seniority was associated with a decrease in the number of "major" accidents and an increase in the number of accidents without absence from work. About 50% of all accidents were associated with unsafe environment and working situations, and the remaining 50% were associated with unsafe behaviour. Heavy smokers showed a higher frequency of "major" accidents, and increasing alcohol consumption was positively correlated with accidents entailing absence from work. Topics: accident absenteeism; age-linked differences; alcohol consumption and accidents; analysis of accident causes; drugs; food industry; hours of work; long-term study; occupational accidents; risk factors; severity rates; shift work; smoking. (74186)

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CIS 99-1902 Risk of cancer among paper recycling workers. Rix B.A., Villadsen E., Engholm G., Lynge E., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.54, No.10, p.729-733. 43 ref. (In English)

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In an historical cohort study of employees in five Danish paper recycling plants, there was significantly more pharyngeal cancer among male workers than expected from national rates. This increase may be influenced by confounders such as smoking and alcohol intake. Among male production workers, there was slightly more lung cancer than expected and the risk of Hodgkin's disease was doubled. This excess risk is in accordance with some studies in traditional paper mills. Topics: cancer; cohort study; Hodgkin's disease; latency; length of exposure; lung cancer; morbidity; paper and paper products industry; pharyngeal cancer; recycling of materials; smoking. (74003)

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CIS 99-1903 Survey of injuries among West End performers. Evans R.W., Evans R.I., Carvajal S., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.55, No.9, p.585-593. 8 ref. (In English)

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A retrospective survey of 269 performers appearing in 20 productions in the West End of London, United Kingdom, showed that, in current productions, 46% of all performers sustained at least one injury, with an average of 0.87 injuries per performer. Lower extremity injuries were the most common for dancers and actors, with neck and back injuries the second most common. Sprains and strains were the most common diagnoses. 61% of performers thought that their injuries were preventable. Factors significantly affecting the risk of injury included female sex, a history of previous injuries, missed performances due to previous injuries, more physically demanding roles and performing on raked (angled) stages. Topics: entertainment services; injuries; location of injury; questionnaire survey; risk factors; sprains; strain injuries; theatres. (73976)

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CIS 99-1904 Beauticians. (French: Esthéticienne) Dalloz S., Pradoux D., Segalen M., Serny M., Reffet H., Cahiers de médecine interprofessionnelle, 1999, Vol.39, No.2, 2p. Insert. (In French)

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Topics: beauty parlours; data sheet; dermatitis; diseases of veins; France; health hazards; legal aspects; mental stress; musculoskeletal diseases; occupational diseases; thermal comfort; vocational training; work posture. (74126)

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CIS 99-1905 Epidemiologic study of a group of workers employed on maintenance of sewage network and waste water treatment plants. (Italian: Studio epidemiologico su un gruppo di operatori addetti alla manutenzione della rete fognaria e degli impianti di depurazione delle acque reflue urbane) Salano R., Copello F., Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1998, Vol.89, No.5, p.393-403. Illus. 31 ref. (In Italian)

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The results of a study on occupational risks of a group of sewage workers in Genoa, Italy, are reported. The subjects were divided into three subgroups according to job characteristics. A questionnaire on individual symptoms, clinical examinations, blood and respiratory tests were administered. The relative risk of alterations in respiratory function (both instrumental and clinical findings) was increased among water treatment workers. Average platelet count in workers exposed to sewage appeared to be significantly reduced compared to non-exposed subjects although both were within normal limits. There was no evidence of an increased prevalence of positive A hepatitis markers in the exposed workers. Topics: case-control study; epidemiologic study; functional respiratory disorders; haematological changes; health hazards; risk factors; sanitation services; sewage treatment; symptoms; water treatment; work in sewers. (74181)

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CIS 99-1906 Health impact of occupational risks in the informal sector in Zimbabwe. Loewenson R.H., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Oct.-Dec. 1998, Vol.4, No.4, p.264-274. Illus. 31 ref. (In English)

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A survey of occupational health among urban and rural workers in the informal sector in Zimbabwe is described. Common hazards included poor work organization, poor hygiene, ergonomic hazards, hazardous hand tools and chemical exposures, particularly to pesticides and solvents. An annual occupational mortality rate of 12.49/100,000 was half the formal-sector rate. Reported rates of 131 injuries/1,000 workers and 116 illnesses/1,000 workers exceeded formal-sector rates tenfold and a hundredfold respectively, although the distribution of injuries by economic sector correlated significantly with formal-sector rates. The survey found high levels of musculoskeletal and respiratory illness, thought to be underdetected in formal systems. A fifth of the injuries had resulted in permanent disability, with little consequent job loss, but no compensation granted. Recommendations are made for improvements to occupational health in this sector. Topics: conditions of work; health hazards; informal sector; injuries; morbidity; mortality; musculoskeletal diseases; respiratory diseases; risk factors; small enterprises; Zimbabwe. (73930)

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CIS 99-1907 Pushing the police force into a safe system of work?. Sayer M., Safety and Health Practitioner, June 1999, Vol.17, No.6, p.20-22. Illus. (In English)

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Police safety advisers have to maintain a delicate balance between allowing officers to get on with their, often inherently dangerous, operational duties and ensuring their safety. The effects of new safety and health legislation in the U.K. which brings police officers in line with civilian support staff are investigated. Topics: dangerous work; hazard evaluation; legislation; personal protective equipment; police forces; safety and health organization; safety consciousness; United Kingdom. (73908)

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CIS 99-1908 Safety in the voluntary sector: Problems and solutions. Perkins R., Safety and Health Practitioner, June 1999, Vol.17, No.6, p.24-26. Illus. (In English)

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Charities and their activities represent a significant sector of the modern day workforce. Charity work is often seen as something different, something people do in their leisure time, and something that is informally organized. In reality the voluntary sector employs one in 25 of the general workforce, representing 0.6 per cent of the GNP. The health and safety concerns of the United Kingdom's estimated 2.3 million volunteers are investigated. Topics: legislation; responsibilities; safety and health organization; safety and health training; safety consciousness; stress factors; subcontractors; United Kingdom; violence; voluntary workers. (73909)

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CIS 99-1909 Profile of work injuries incurred by young workers. Windau J., Sygnatur E., Toscano G., Monthly Labor Review, June 1999, Vol.122, No.6, p.3-10. 22 ref. (In English)

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Hazardous environments put youths at risk of serious injuries. Young workers have been killed on construction sites, during robberies while tending retail establishments, and while working on farms. Common nonfatal injuries include sprains and strains, burns, cuts, and bruises. Topics: accident absenteeism; causes of accidents; falls of persons; fatalities; harmful substances; injuries; occupational accidents; statistics; types of accident; USA; violence; young persons. (73866)

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CIS 99-1910 Critical evaluation of medical, statistical, and occupational data sources in the Kola Peninsula of Russia pertinent to reproductive health studies. Odland J.Ø., Tchachtchine V.P., Bykov V., Fiskebeck P.E., Lund E., Thomassen Y., Nieboer E., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, May 1999, Vol.72, No.3, p.151-160. Illus. 19 ref. (In English)

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Following reports of possible reproductive and developmental health concerns among female workers in a Russian nickel refinery, a study was conducted to ascertain whether medical, statistical, and occupational databases could be used for information about pregnancy histories, occupational histories, and life-style factors of the women affected. A registry of all births in three towns with a nickel refinery was constructed and its contents verified against patients' records obtained from hospitals and community polyclinics. Municipal Registration Board, Regional Health Statistics Board and nickel company records were also reviewed. Reproductive/developmental outcome information and workplace histories were acceptable, and a cohort or cross-sectional study for the detection of an excess risk for spontaneous abortion with adequate statistical significance and power was possible. Such investigations would need to be supplemented by workplace environmental/biological monitoring assessments for evaluation of occupational exposure and a questionnaire aimed at workers to obtain information about life styles. Topics: nickel; compilation of statistics; complications of pregnancy; epidemiologic study; expectant mothers; exposure evaluation; health service records; parental exposure; Russian Federation; teratogenic effects; women. (73907)

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CIS 99-1911 Comparisons of variables between fatal and nonfatal accidents in manufacturing industry. Jeong B.Y., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.565-572. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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National industrial accident statistics for the years 1991-1994 were used to compare the distributions of fatal and nonfatal injuries in terms of company size, injured person's age, work experience, accident time, activity at time of accident, accident type, injury type, injured body part, and accident agent. The distributions of fatal injuries were statistically different from those of nonfatal injuries: (1) nonfatal injuries occurred more frequently in younger workers, while deaths occurred more frequently in older workers; (2) the proportion of deaths occurring during the night shift was greater than the corresponding proportion of nonfatal injuries; (3) "caught in and between objects" was the most common type of accident, followed by "awkward or sudden movement" for nonfatal injuries, but "falls from height" for deaths; and (4) "fracture" was the leading cause of both injury and death, but the second most common type of injury was "contusion or bruise" for nonfatal injuries and "cerebral concussion" for deaths. Topics: age-linked differences; analysis of accident causes; causes of accidents; contusion; falls from heights; fatalities; fractures; injuries; Korea Rep. of; location of injury; manufacturing industries; mechanical hazards; night work; occupational accidents; statistics; striking against objects; time of accident. (73958)

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CIS 99-1912 Unemployment and health. Weber A., Schaller K.H., eds., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1999, Vol.72, (Supplement), p.S1-S48. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Despite numerous attempts, no cause and effect relationship between unemployment and somatic diseases has been found. People may become ill because they are unemployed (causality hypothesis), or they may become unemployed because they are ill or have other predispositions (selection hypothesis). This issue contains the papers presented at the meeting of the International Commission of Occupational Health working group on unemployment and health held in Paris, France, 25-26 September 1998. Topics: conference; ICOH; industrial physicians; mental health; risk factors; social aspects; state of health; suicide; unemployment. (73924)

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CIS 99-1913 Social and labour issues in small-scale mines. (French: Les problèmes sociaux et de travail dans les petites exploitations minières) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, 1st ed., 1999. v, 99p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 17.50., ISBN 92-2-111480-5 (En), ISBN 92-2-211480-9 (fr) (In English, French)

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Topics: mercury; silica; child labour; conditions of work; developing countries; economic aspects; ILO; informal sector; legal aspects; mining industry; report; responsibilities; small enterprises; social aspects; women. (74107)

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CIS 99-1914 U.S.-Mexico trade: The work environment at eight U.S.-owned maquiladora auto parts plants. United States General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C. 20548, USA, Nov. 1993. 45p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Review of labour practices under the Mexican maquiladora programme. This report evaluates the safety and health work environment at eight USA-owned maquiladora auto parts plants; describes the Mexican system for safety and health oversight; and discusses U.S.-Mexican cooperative efforts to enhance working conditions. Topics: lead; chemical hazards; conditions of work; ergonomics; fire protection; hearing conservation; information of personnel; legislation; machinery; materials handling; mechanical hazards; Mexico; motor vehicle industry; noise level; notification of accidents and diseases; personal protective equipment; plant safety and health organization; repetitive work; report; respirators; USA; work in confined spaces. (73993)

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CIS 99-1915 Evaluation of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM) 1994. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. 253p. Illus. Price: GBP 190.00., ISBN 0-7176-1476-X (In English)

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For the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 1994, see CIS 95-13. Topics: case study; comment on law; construction industry; cost of safety; economic aspects; evaluation of control measures; legislation; plant safety and health organization; qualifications; report; role of management; role of supervisory staff; safety by design; safety consciousness; safety planning; subcontractors; survey; United Kingdom; work efficiency. (74044)

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CIS 99-1916 Workload of personnel caring for the elderly. (German: Arbeitsbelastung in der Altenpflege) Zimber A., Weyerer S., eds., Hogrefe-Verlag, Rohnsweg 25, 37085 Göttingen, Germany, 1999. 315p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: DEM 69.00., ISBN 3-8017-1210-9 (In German)

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Subjects covered by this collection of articles on gerontological nursing: conditions of work in nursing homes for the elderly; types of care required by the elderly; adequacy of training of health care personnel; methods of work and job studies in the caring professions; methods of determining physiological responses to stress and selected results; burdens faced by personnel in nursing homes for the elderly such as lifting and carrying of heavy loads, conflicts with doctors, patients and relatives, shift work, night work, contact with senile patients; exposure to infectious body fluids and harmful pharmaceutical products; influence of work organization on physiological responses; recommendations for the improvement of the conditions of work in nursing homes for the elderly; rising senile dementia. Topics: biological hazards; conditions of work; health care personnel; health hazards; mental workload; physical workload; psychological effects; stress factors; toxic substances; vocational training; work organization; work study. (74145)

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CIS 99-1917 Promoting productivity and social protection in the urban informal sector: An integrated approach. Aryee G.A., ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 3rd ed., 1997. xiv, 74p., ISBN 92-2-1103-43-9 (In English)

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Topics: Colombia; conditions of work; developing countries; ILO; informal sector; Philippines; report; safety and health training; Tanzania, United Rep. of; work efficiency. (74041)

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CIS 99-1918 Child labor research needs - Recommendations from the NIOSH Child Labor Working Team. Publications Dissemination, EID, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Aug. 1997. xiii, 60p. Illus. 97 ref. (In English)

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Topics: accident absenteeism; age-linked differences; causes of accidents; child labour; fatalities; frequency rates; legislation; occupational accidents; ongoing research; psychological effects; risk awareness; risk factors; role of government; role of private bodies; safety and health training; social aspects; statistics; USA; young persons. (74043)

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CIS 99-1919 Women at work. Lehtinen S., Taskinen H., Rantanen J., eds., Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00240 Helsinki, Finland, 1998. iv, 214p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 951-802-238-0 (In English)

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Topics: age-linked differences; anthropometry; antifertility effects; chemical products; conference; developing countries; ergonomics; expectant mothers; health care personnel; immunodeficiency syndrome; legislation; limitation of exposure; mortality; musculoskeletal diseases; neuropsychic stress; occupational safety and health; office work; overstrain; physical workload; psychology and sociology; sex workers; sex-linked differences; social aspects; toxic effects; women. (74039)

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CIS 99-1920 A sick state? Comparison of the public and private sector with regard to absenteeism and integration of older workers. (German: Ein kranker Stand? Fehlzeiten und Integration älterer Arbeitnehmer im Vergleich öffentlicher Dienst - Privatwirtschaft) Marstedt G., Müller R., Edition Sigma, Karl-Marx-Str. 17, 12043 Berlin, Germany, 1998. 172p. Illus. 141 ref., ISBN 3-89404-869-7 (In German)

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Detailed analyses of all available data on absenteeism in the public and private sectors in Germany since 1970 reveal that morbidity and accident rates and absenteeism were slightly higher among public sector workers as compared with workers in privately-owned businesses. The differences were 1.5 and 1.2% for the morbidity and accident rates respectively. The data also reveal higher numbers of severely handicapped and chronically ill older workers employed in the public sector than in the private sector. The statistics presented show that the public sector practices a more socially-responsible employment policy than does the private sector. Statistics, health and cost arguments are presented which argue against sanctions punishing short absence on account of illness. The integration of older workers and problems of the inverted age pyramid are discussed in detail. Topics: community services; comparative analysis; handicapped workers; industries; morbidity; older workers; sickness absenteeism; statistics. (74142)

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CIS 99-1921 The effects of workplace hazards on female reproductive health. Publications Dissemination, EID, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998, USA, Feb. 1999. 20p. Illus. 2 ref. (In English)

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Topics: abortion; antifertility effects; cancer; children; expectant mothers; harmful substances; infectious diseases; list of occupations; menstrual disorders; nursing mothers; personal hygiene; safe working methods; teratogenic effects; viruses; women. (73860)

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CIS 99-1922 Provision of welfare facilities at fixed construction sites. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Rev.ed., Sep. 1998. 3p. Illus. 4 ref. (In English)

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Replaces CIS 96-2129. This information note describes the minimum welfare facilities which should be made available on fixed construction sites to comply with the U.K. Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996 (CIS 97-364). Topics: construction industry; construction sites; data sheet; drinking water; legislation; rest rooms; sanitary facilities; United Kingdom; washing facilities; welfare facilities. (73841)

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CIS 99-1923 Plastics recycling. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1998. 4p. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

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Topics: data sheet; handling and storage; harmful substances; legionellosis; mechanical hazards; noise control; noise; plastics industry; plastics; recycling of materials; safety by design; safety devices; stacked material storage; work at height. (73846)

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CIS 99-1924 RIDDOR offshore. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 12p. 1 ref. (In English)

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Guide to the U.K. legal requirements for reporting of offshore incidents. Replaces CIS 96-718. Topics: dangerous occurrences; injuries; legislation; notification of accidents and diseases; offshore oil extraction; United Kingdom. (73858)

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[ Top of page ]

004 New technologies

CIS 99-1925 Multi-stage safety for the European rocket. (French: Sécurité à plusieurs étages pour la fusée européenne) Gout D., Travail et sécurité, June 1997, No.561, p.20-38. Illus. (In French)

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Topics: air-fed clothing; aircraft industry; airline respirators; control panels and desks; dangerous substances; description of equipment; materials handling; restricted areas; rocket launching; toxic substances. (74049)

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CIS 99-1926 Unwired. Ross P., Safety and Health Practitioner, May 1999, Vol.17, No.5, p.26-28. Illus. 3 ref. (In English)

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New means of communication and working styles are having a profound effect on building design. The problems that new technologies and premises present for safety and health specialists are discussed. Topics: computers; electromagnetic radiation; ergonomics; landscaped offices; man-computer interfaces; mobile telephony; office equipment; office work; radiofrequency radiation; telephone communications; workplace design. (73883)

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[ Top of page ]

005 Chemical safety

CIS 99-1927 Environmental and occupational exposure to vitreous fibres. (Italian: Esposizione ambientale e occupazionale a fibre vetrose) Alessio L., Chiappino G., Foà V., Basilico S., Riboldi L., Rivolta G., Barducci M., Errigo G., Picchi O., Consonni D., Bernucci I., Bertazzi P.A., Aresini G.A., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1999, Vol.90, No.1, p.3-89. (whole issue). Illus. 161 ref. (In Italian)

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Topics: carcinogenic effects; ceramic fibres; classification; conference; exposure; glass fibre; health hazards; legal aspects; lung cancer; man-made fibres; mineral wool; pulmonary fibrosis; respirable dust; respiratory diseases; toxicology. (74189)

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CIS 99-1928 Pregnancy outcome following gestational exposure to organic solvents - A prospective controlled study. Khattak S., K-Moghtader G., McMartin K., Barrera M., Kennedy D., Koren G., Journal of the American Medical Association, Mar. 1999, Vol.281, No.12, p.1106-1109. 19 ref. (In English)

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125 pregnant women who were exposed occupationally to organic solvents and seen during the first trimester between 1987 and 1996 were matched to a pregnant woman who was exposed to a nonteratogenic agent for age, gravidity, and smoking and drinking status. Significantly more major malformations occurred among foetuses of women exposed to organic solvents than of controls. Twelve malformations occurred among the 75 women who had symptoms temporally associated with exposure, while none occurred among 43 asymptomatic exposed women. More of the exposed women had previous miscarriages while working with organic solvents than did controls. However, exposed women who had a previous miscarriage had rates of major malformation that were similar to exposed women who had had no miscarriage. Occupational exposure to organic solvents during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of major foetal malformations. This risk appears to be increased among women who report symptoms associated with organic solvent exposure. Women's exposure to organic solvents should be minimized during pregnancy. Topics: abortion; case-control study; embryotoxic effects; expectant mothers; exposure evaluation; organic solvents; teratogenic effects; teratogens. (73874)

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CIS 99-1929 Classification criteria for skin-sensitizing chemicals: A commentary. Basketter D., Flyvholm M.A., Menné T., Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1999, Vol.40, No.4, p.175-182. 35 ref. (In English)

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A formalized, standardized and effective mechanism for the identification of substances which possess significant skin sensitization potential is a necessary step in limiting the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis. Strategies to achieve such hazard identification are unified throughout the European Union and have also been publicised by the World Health Organization. Global harmonization of these and other approaches is being driven by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. The benefits and limitations of these classification systems are reviewed. A common element of all the systems is that they seek to distinguish important contact allergens from chemicals which are infrequent sensitizers. The European criteria are legal requirements in the EU member states and formal classification as a skin sensitizer leads to mandatory labelling. The most notable omission from current and proposed classification criteria is the relative potency of a classified skin sensitizer and the exposure dose, necessary for proper risk assessment and management measures to be implemented. Topics: allergens; classification systems; European Communities; labelling; legislation; literature survey; OECD; sensitization dermatitis; sensitization; skin allergies; standardization; USA; WHO. (73875)

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CIS 99-1930 Regulatory classification of substances oxidized to skin sensitizers on exposure to air. Karlberg A.T., Basketter D., Goossens A., Lepoittevin J.P., Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1999, Vol.40, No.4, p.183-188. 32 ref. (In English)

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When a specific chemical is classified as a skin sensitizer, this implies that the compound is stable throughout its lifetime. However, some skin sensitizing oxidation/degradation products are formed by air exposure of substances with very low allergenic activity. In regulatory classification work on skin sensitizers, the intrinsic susceptibility of a chemical to air oxidation should be taken into consideration. Examples of natural terpenoid materials are given, but the concept of allergens formed by air oxidation can apply to other materials widely used in industrial products. If a positive classification is made for a substance with a known chemical structure, a note should indicate that the primary chemical structure of the notified substance is not a skin sensitizer, but that some of its oxidation products are. Complex mixtures which inevitably contain sensitizing oxidation products should be classified as skin sensitizing. Topics: allergens; d-limonene; colophony; classification systems; European Communities; labelling; legislation; literature survey; oxidation; photochemical decomposition; sensitization dermatitis; sensitization; skin allergies. (73876)

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CIS 99-1931 Occupational hand dermatitis due to 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one in the water-softener manufacturing industry. Cooper S.M., Shaw S., Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1999, Vol.40, No.4, p.221. 4 ref. (In English)

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Case report of a man who developed vesicular hand dermatitis after starting work in a factory assembling water-softeners. He worked with Proxel GXL, a preservative for the membranes of the water-softeners, which he diluted without using gloves or other protective clothing. Patch testing identified 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one in Proxel GXL asthe allergen. The case highlights the problems a worker can experience due to lack of information and poor working practices. Topics: 1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one; biocides; case study; hand; skin tests; vesicular contact dermatitis; water softeners. (73877)

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CIS 99-1932 Allergic contact dermatitis associated with photosensitivity, from alantolactone in a chrysanthemum farmer. Kuno Y., Kawabe Y., Sakakibara S., Contact Dermatitis, Apr. 1999, Vol.40, No.4, p.224-225. Illus. 6 ref. (In English)

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Topics: case study; eczema; erythroderma; flower and perfume-plant growing; lactones; photosensitization dermatitis; sensitization dermatitis; sesquiterpenes; skin allergies; skin tests; ultraviolet radiation. (73878)

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CIS 99-1933 Socio-medical intervention in occupational health: Benzenism in Brazil. Da Silva Augusto L.G., Fontbonne A., Freese De Carvalho E.M., Pires Novaes T.C., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 1999, Vol.5, No.1, p.20-25. Illus. 21 ref. (In English)

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The investigation of 2,000 cases of benzene poisoning reported between 1983 and 1995 in Cubatão, an industrial section of São Paulo, Brazil, is described. Investigations were based on the integration of epidemiology and clinical research. Conflicting economic interests were reflected in disputes about medical criteria for evaluation of poisoned workers, proper means of conducting workplace hygiene evaluations, benzene exposure standards, and compensation for chronic bone-marrow damage. Topics: benzene; bone marrow diseases; Brazil; chronic poisoning; coke ovens; haematological changes; medical supervision; neutropenia; threshold limit values. (73888)

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CIS 99-1934 Innovative intersectoral approach reduces blood lead levels of children and workers in Romania. Billig P., Gurzau E., Vultur C., Stoica A., Filimon V., Puscas M., International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, Jan.-Mar. 1999, Vol.5, No.1, p.50-56. Illus. (In English)

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An intersectoral approach involving the community, governmental and nongovernmental agencies, and local management, with the support of the U.S. Agency for International Development, succeeded in reducing the blood lead levels of plant workers and of young children living in the vicinity of a copper smelter in Zlatna, Romania. Details of the collaborative effort, which attracted enthusiastic responses from all participants, are provided. Topics: lead; copper; children; cooperation; copper ores; determination in air; determination in blood; health programmes; information of personnel; Romania; smelting plants. (73889)

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CIS 99-1935 The contribution of acute toxicity in animals to occupational exposure limits of chemical substances. Suda M., Tsuruta H., Honma T., Industrial Health, Jan. 1999, Vol.37, No.1, p.22-27. Illus. 6 ref. (In English)

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The correlations between lethal doses of various industrial chemicals for rats and mice with occupational exposure limit values were investigated. 50% lethal dose (LD50) values obtained by oral and intraperitoneal injection and 50% lethal concentration (LC50) values obtained by inhalation exposure were collected from the registry of toxic effects of chemical substances (RTECS). The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' time-weighted average (TWA) and short term exposure limit (STEL) values were used as exposure limits. High correlations were also obtained between TWA or STEL values and LD50 or LC50. As had been expected before calculation, high correlations were also obtained between STEL values and LC50. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; emergency exposure limits; harmful substances; lethal concentration 50; lethal dose 50; limitation of exposure; permissible levels; threshold limit values; toxic substances. (73916)

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CIS 99-1936 Selenium. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.145-172. Illus. 224 ref. (In English)

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The toxicity of most forms of selenium is low and depends on the chemical form of selenium. The acute ingestion of selenious acid is almost invariably fatal, preceded by stupor, hypotension, and respiratory depression. Garlic odour on the breath, as a result of the expiration of dimethyl selenide, is an indication of excessive selenium exposure. The US National Toxicology Program lists selenium sulfide as an animal carcinogen, but there is no evidence that other selenium compounds are carcinogenic. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; antidote treatment; carcinogenic effects; selenium; selenious acid; chronic toxicity; determination in blood; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; first aid; glass industry; health hazards; literature survey; medical treatment; metabolic process; pharmaceutical industry; photography; photovoltaics industry; pigments; pottery industry; rectifiers; rubber industry; selenium and compounds; semiconductor devices; steels; threshold limit values; toxicology; urinary excretion. (73931)

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CIS 99-1937 Chromium. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.173-194. 165 ref. (In English)

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Hexavalent chromium is a skin and mucous membrane irritant and some hexavalent compounds are strong corrosive agents. Hexavalent chromium compounds also produce an allergic contact dermatitis characterized by eczema. Hexavalent chromium is recognized by the International Agency for Research on Cancer and by the US Toxicology Program as a pulmonary carcinogen. Increased risk of lung cancer occurs primarily in workers exposed to hexavalent chromium dust during the refining of chromite ore and the production of chromate pigments. There is currently insufficient evidence to advocate the use of ascorbic acid in the management of systemic chromium toxicity. Topical ascorbic acid may reduce dermal hexavalent chromium exposure, but this must be confirmed in controlled studies. Topics: acute toxicity; allergens; animal experiments; carcinogenic effects; vitamin C; chromium; caustic substances; chromium and compounds; chronic toxicity; corrosion inhibitors; determination in blood; determination in hair; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; electroplating; first aid; glass industry; health hazards; irritants; literature survey; lung cancer; match manufacturing industry; medical treatment; metabolic process; pigments; sensitization dermatitis; tanning industry; threshold limit values; toxicology; urinary excretion; wood preservatives. (73932)

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CIS 99-1938 Therapeutic review: Is ascorbic acid of value in chromium poisoning and chromium dermatitis?. Bradberry S.M., Vale J.A., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.195-200. 31 ref. (In English)

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Based on experimental studies, substantial amounts of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) would need to be administered, preferably parenterally, soon after exposure to prevent systemic toxicity from hexavalent chromium in humans. However, the administration of ascorbic acid in high doses could lead to acute oxalate nephropathy, particularly in the presence of renal failure. Smaller doses of ascorbic acid (e.g. 10g intravenously) probably would not reduce mortality from systemic chromium poisoning. There is currently insufficient evidence to advocate the use of ascorbic acid in the management of systemic chromium toxicity. Topical ascorbic acid may reduce dermal hexavalent chromium exposure, but this observation must be confirmed in controlled studies. Topics: animal experiments; antidote treatment; vitamin C; chromium; chrome ulcer; determination in urine; eczema; irritants; literature survey; metabolic process; renal damage; skin allergies; toxicology; ulceration of the skin; urinary excretion. (73933)

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CIS 99-1939 Cobalt. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.201-216. 111 ref. (In English)

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In the occupational setting, exposure to cobalt alone occurs primarily during the production of cobalt powders. In other industrial exposures (e.g., hard metal, diamond polishing), additional agents (tungsten) modulate the toxicity of cobalt. An interstitial pulmonary fibrosis has been associated with industrial exposure to hard metal dust containing tungsten and cobalt, but not to cobalt alone. Exposure to cobalt alone produces an allergic contact dermatitis and occupational asthma. Treatment of cobalt toxicity is primarily supportive. Topics: acute toxicity; asthma; vitamin B12; cobalt; chronic toxicity; cobalt and compounds; determination in blood; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; hard metal pneumoconiosis; health hazards; literature survey; medical treatment; metabolic process; myocardial diseases; pulmonary fibrosis; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; thyroid disorders; toxicology; urinary excretion. (73934)

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CIS 99-1940 Copper. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.217-230. Illus. 118 ref. (In English)

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Chronic copper toxicity is rare and primarily affects the liver. Wilson's disease and Indian childhood cirrhosis are examples of severe chronic liver disease that results from genetic predisposition to hepatic accumulation of copper. Copper sulfate is a gastric irritant that produces erosion of the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. Gastrointestinal symptoms occur at whole blood concentrations near 3mg Cu/L. Chelating agents (CaNa2EDTA, BAL) are recommended in severe poisoning, but there are little pharmacokinetic data to evaluate the effectiveness of these agents. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; antidote treatment; biliary excretion; carcinogenic effects; copper; copper sulfate; chelating agents; chronic toxicity; copper and compounds; determination in blood; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; electrical industry; gastric disorders; health hazards; hepatic diseases; irritants; literature survey; medical treatment; metabolic process; toxicology; urinary excretion. (73935)

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CIS 99-1941 Molybdenum. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.231-237. 35 ref. (In English)

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Molybdenum has relatively low toxicity. Elimination of molybdenum occurs via the kidney and usually is complete within several weeks. Little data are available on the human toxicity of molybdenum. A gout-like syndrome and pneumoconiosis have been associated with excessive concentrations of molybdenum, but the design of the studies prevents an adequate determination of the aetiology of these effects. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; molybdenum; cast iron; chelating agents; chronic toxicity; determination in blood; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; health hazards; irritants; joint diseases; literature survey; medical treatment; metabolic process; metallurgical products; molybdenum and compounds; pneumoconiosis; stainless steel; toxicology. (73936)

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CIS 99-1942 Nickel. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.239-258. Illus. 144 ref. (In English)

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Almost all cases of acute nickel toxicity result from exposure to nickel carbonyl. The initial effects involve irritation of the respiratory tract and nonspecific symptoms. Patients with severe poisoning develop intense pulmonary and gastrointestinal toxicity. Diffuse interstitial pneumonitis and cerebral edema are the main causes of death. Nickel is a common sensitizing agent with a high prevalence of allergic contact dermatitis. Nickel and nickel compounds are well-recognized carcinogens. However, the identity of the nickel compound or compounds which cause the increased risk of cancer remains unclear. Currently, there are little epidemiological data to indicate that exposure to metallic nickel increases the risk of cancer, or that exposure to the carcinogenic forms of nickel causes cancer outside the lung and the nasal cavity. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; antidote treatment; asthma; carcinogenic effects; nickel carbonyl; nickel; chelating agents; chronic toxicity; determination in blood; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; first aid; health hazards; human experiments; irritants; literature survey; lung cancer; metabolic process; nasal cancer; nickel and compounds; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; toxicology; urinary excretion. (73937)

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CIS 99-1943 Vanadium. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.265-278. 101 ref. (In English)

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High air concentrations of vanadium occur during boiler-cleaning operations in metallurgical process plants as a result of the presence of vanadium oxides in the dust. In general, the toxicity of vanadium compounds is low. Pentavalent compounds are the most toxic and the toxicity of vanadium compounds usually increases as the valency increases. Most of the toxic effects result from local irritation of the eyes and upper respiratory tract rather than systemic toxicity. Exposure to vanadium dust can result in upper respiratory tract irritation characterized by rhinitis, wheezing, nasal haemorrhage, conjunctivitis, cough, sore throat, and chest pain. Case studies have described the onset of asthma after heavy exposure to vanadium compounds. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; asthma; boilermaking; bronchitis; vanadium; catalysts; chronic toxicity; determination in blood; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; eczema; electrical industry; fired pressure vessels; health hazards; irritants; literature survey; medical treatment; metabolic process; pigments; rhinitis; toxicology; upper respiratory diseases; urinary excretion; vanadium and compounds. (73938)

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CIS 99-1944 Zinc. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.279-292. 98 ref. (In English)

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Zinc compounds can produce irritation and corrosion of the gastrointestinal tract, along with acute renal tubular necrosis and interstitial nephritis. In the occupational setting inhalation of fumes from zinc oxide is the most common cause of metal fume fever (fatigue, chills, fever, myalgias, cough, dyspnea, leukocytosis, thirst, metallic taste, salivation). Zinc compounds are not suspected carcinogens. Treatment of zinc toxicity is supportive. Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (CaNa2EDTA) is the chelator of choice based on case reports but there are few clinical data to confirm the efficacy of this agent. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; brass; zinc oxide; zinc; zinc chloride; caustic substances; chelating agents; chronic toxicity; determination in blood; determination in urine; dose-response relationship; faecal excretion; first aid; galvanizing; gastrointestinal diseases; health hazards; irritants; literature survey; medical treatment; metabolic process; metal fume fever; Monday fever; pigments; pulmonary oedema; renal damage; toxicology; zinc and compounds. (73939)

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CIS 99-1945 Manganese. Barceloux D.G., Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.293-307. 115 ref. (In English)

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Manganism is a central nervous system disease first described in the 1800s following exposure to high concentrations of manganese oxides. Manganese madness was the term used to describe the initial psychiatric syndrome (compulsive behaviour, emotional lability, hallucinations). More commonly, these workers developed a Parkinson's-like syndrome. Currently, the risks of exposure to low concentrations of manganese in the industrial and in the environmental settings are being evaluated with regards to the development of subclinical neuropsychological changes. The American Conference of Governmental and Industrial Hygienists recently lowered the Threshold Limit Value (Time-Weighted Average) for manganese compounds and inorganic manganese compounds to 0.2mg Mn/m3. Topics: acute toxicity; animal experiments; bronchitis; manganese; potassium permanganate; chelating agents; chronic toxicity; determination in blood; determination in urine; diseases of central nervous system; dose-response relationship; health hazards; limitation of exposure; literature survey; manganese and compounds; medical treatment; mental disorders; metabolic process; metal fume fever; neurological effects; neurotoxic effects; pneumonia; threshold limit values; toxicology. (73940)

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CIS 99-1946 The efficacy of material safety data sheets and worker acceptability. Phillips C.C., Wallace B.C., Hamilton C.B., Pursley R.T., Petty G.C., Bayne C.K., Journal of Safety Research, Summer 1999, Vol.30, No.2, p.113-122. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

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This study quantified how well the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) diffused information to workers, compared the efficacy of an OSHA (US Occupational Safety and Health Administration) type form with the Chemical Manufacturer's Association/American National Standards Institute (CMA/ANSI Z400.1) structure and the International Chemical Safety Card (ICSC), and determined worker acceptability and understanding of MSDSs. An inventory questionnaire and quantitative testing were used to gather data from 160 union workers employed at a large national laboratory. Most of the workers in the sample population reported favourably on MSDS acceptability, accessibility, and understanding. All three formats significantly diffused information to workers, although approximately one third of the information was not absorbed. The rank order of finish between the three different formats was ICSC, OSHA-type format, and CMA/ANSI Z400.1 respectively, albeit with no significant differences in scores. There were significant differences in how well each format answered specific test questions. Topics: chemical products; data sheet; harmful substances; information of personnel; questionnaire survey; supply of information; workers participation. (73942)

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CIS 99-1947 Within-shift variability of short-term exposure to organic solvent in indoor workplaces. Kumagai S., Matsunaga I., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.16-21. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

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Exposure data sets were collected from 53 workers exposed to organic solvents in indoor workplaces. Exposure concentrations varied considerably within a work shift. In particular, when solvent use was intermit, exposure variations tended to be large. Consequently, even if the daily average exposure is less than the occupational exposure limit, high short-term exposures can occur within the work shift. To protect workers from adverse health effects caused by such exposures, short-term exposure conditions should be evaluated. For chemicals with short-term exposure limits (STELs), when the 8h Time-Weighted Average (TWA) exceeds 0.23 times the STEL value, the high short-term exposure condition should be evaluated. For chemicals without STELs, the excursion limit recommended by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial hygienists is an appropriate guideline. Topics: conditions of exposure; determination in air; emergency exposure limits; exposure evaluation; organic solvents; risk factors; threshold limit values. (73981)

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CIS 99-1948 Measurement of benzene in the workplace and its evolution process - Part I: Overview, history and past methods. Part II: Present methods and future trends. Verma D.K., des Tombe K., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.38-56. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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The history of occupational and environmental sampling and analysis of benzene is reviewed from the early 1900s to the present. Part I provides an overview and details of the methods used in the past, a history of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' threshold limit values for benzene, and a review of portable, grab and integrated sampling methods and various analytical methods. Part II discusses currently accepted methodology and possible future developments regarding benzene measurement in the workplace. Topics: air sampling; benzene; chemical analysis; determination in air; evaluation of technique; future trends; history; personal sampling; sampling and analysis; sampling methods; threshold limit values. (73984)

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CIS 99-1949 Studying the determinants of exposure: A review of methods. Burstyn I., Teschke K., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.57-72. 62 ref. (In English)

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Techniques used to study the predictors of workplace exposures are reviewed. The advantages and limitations of each study are discussed and fundamental study design features are reviewed. These include the selection and measurement of factors potentially related to exposure, as well as the measurements of exposure itself. Decisions reached by investigators in selecting the number of sites and workers, the number of repeated observations per worker and the duration of sampling are discussed. Also examined are issues that commonly arise in the course of data analysis of exposure determinants. These include transformation of exposure variables, correlation of predictor variables, empirical model building and interpretation of results. Finally, methods employed to evaluate the validity of findings are summarized. Topics: conditions of exposure; determination in air; evaluation of control measures; evaluation of results; exposure evaluation; harmful substances; job-exposure relation; literature survey; mathematical models; personal sampling; risk factors; sampling and analysis. (73985)

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CIS 99-1950 Allylmercapturic acid as urinary biomarker of human exposure to allyl chloride. de Rooij B.M., Boogaard P.J., Commandeur J.N.M., van Sittert N.J., Vermeulen N.P.E., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.653-661. Illus. 37 ref. (In English)

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Allylmercapturic acid was identified in the urine of workers occupationally exposed to airborne allyl chloride. The increase in concentration of this metabolite during a workshift correlated well with the 8h-TWA air concentrations of allyl chloride. In some urine samples, unexpectedly high concentrations of allylmercapturic acid were found. Some of these could be attributed to dermal exposure to allyl chloride, while in others, garlic consumption was identified as a confounding factor. Topics: allyl chloride; allylmercapturic acid; chemical industry; confounding factors; determination in urine; skin absorption; urinary metabolites. (74013)

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CIS 99-1951 Risk factors for sensitisation to methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride. Yokota K., Johyama Y., Yamaguchi K., Fujiki Y., Takeshita T., Morimoto K., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.667-670. 14 ref. (In English)

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In a cross-sectional survey of 148 workers exposed to methyl tetrahydrophthalic anhydride (MTHPA), specific IgE antibody was detected in serum from 97 (66%) of exposed workers. When workers were divided into two groups according to low and high total IgE, current smoking was significantly associated with specific IgE production only in the group with low total IgE. Smoking may be a preventable risk factor for increasing specific IgE in workers exposed to MTHPA. Topics: allergy tests; antibodies; autoimmunization; methyl tetrahydrophthalic anhydride; electrical industry; risk factors; sensitization; smoking. (74014)

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CIS 99-1952 Allergy risk in an enzyme producing plant: A restrospective follow up study. Johnsen C.R., Sorensen T.B., Larsen A.I., Secher A.B., Andreasen E., Kofoed G.S., Nielsen L.F., Gyntelberg F., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.671-675. 30 ref. (In English)

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A study of workers at a plant producing detergent and other industrial enzymes showed that sensitization occurred to all types of enzymes handled in the plant, most often in the production areas and laboratories. 8.8% of workers developed clinical enzyme allergy during the first three years of employment. Ranking diagnoses of enzyme allergy by severity, the frequency of asthma was 5.3%, rhinitis 3.0% and urticaria 0.6%. Half of the cases occurred within the first 15 months of exposure. Smoking was an independent risk factor for clinical enzyme allergy, while atopic predisposition at the time of engagement was not. Topics: allergic asthma; allergic respiratory disorders; allergic rhinitis; enzymes; individual susceptibility; long-term study; pulmonary function; radioallergosorbent test; risk factors; sensitization; smoking; urticaria. (74015)

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CIS 99-1953 Combined effects of carcinogenic metal compounds. (German: Kombinationswirkungen bei krebserzeugenden Metallverbindungen) Beyersmann D., Hartwig A., Ergo-Med, July-Aug.1999, Vol.23, No.4, p.170-175. Illus. 21 ref. (In German)

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Arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromates, cobalt and nickel have been added to the list of carcinogenic substances by German and international authorities. Present knowledge of the combined effects of these carcinogens with further carcinogenic substances such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons or nitrosamines is reviewed. No findings concerning these combined effects are available from epidemiologic studies. Animal experiments provide evidence of cobalt chloride enhancing the carcinogenic effect of benzo(a)pyrene. In vitro studies of the influence of carcinogenic metal compounds and other substances on DNA repair shows an enhanced cancer risk in the case of combined exposure to compounds of arsenic, cadmium, cobalt and nickel and mutagens such as ultraviolet radiation, oxidants and alkylating substances. Topics: alkylating substances; aromatic hydrocarbons; arsenic and compounds; beryllium and compounds; cadmium and compounds; carcinogens; chromates; cobalt and compounds; cocarcinogenic effects; DNA; literature survey; metal salts; metals; mutagens; nickel and compounds; nitroso amines; polycyclic hydrocarbons; synergism; ultraviolet radiation. (74148)

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CIS 99-1954 Industrial use of chemical carcinogens in Spain. (Spanish: Consumo industrial de carcinógenos químicos en España) Roel Valdes J.M., Gómez Olmos M., Parets Llorca R., Pascual de Pobil M.A., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.7-13. Illus. (In Spanish)

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During recent years, significant advances have been made in the identification of agents and of working conditions that induce cancer. The I.A.R.C. Overall Evaluations of Carcinogenicity to Humans are considered to be reference lists with the highest scientific reliability. In this study, the authors take the first group of the I.A.R.C. list (carcinogens for humans) and evaluate the industrial use of these products in Spain. Topics: cancer; carcinogens; chemical products; compilation of statistics; IARC; industries; iron and steel industry; paint and varnish industry; rubber industry; shoe industry; Spain. (74171)

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CIS 99-1955 Acute dimethylformamide (DMF) intoxication: A case report. (Italian: Intossicazione acuta da dimetilformamide (DMF): descrizione di un caso) Amatimaggio F., Calistri S., Ventura F., Margheri M., Niglio F., Perico A., Perissi S., Medicina del lavoro, Nov.-Dec. 1998, Vol.89, No.6, p.533-537. 14 ref. (In Italian)

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A case of acute occupational poisoning by dimethylformamide in a worker assigned to polyurethane resin preparation in an artificial leather factory is described. The case is distinguished by the association of the classical clinical syndrome of dimethylformamide poisoning (alcohol intolerance, gastroenteric manifestations with liver injury), with coagulation alterations and thrombocytopenia. Measurement of environmental concentrations of solvents and biological monitoring revealed high levels of exposure to dimethylformamide at the workplace. Observations confirm the effects of dimethylformamide on hemostasis reported in previous studies. It may be surmised that the effects of dimethylformamide on coagulation and platelets strictly depend on the amount of solvent accumulated in the body. Topics: acute poisoning; blood coagulation disorders; dimethylformamide; case study; cumulative properties; health hazards; hepatic damage; polyurethanes; thrombocytopenia. (74188)

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CIS 99-1956 4-Vinylpyridine-induced dermatitis in a laboratory worker. Bergendorff O., Wallengren J., Contact Dermatitis, May 1999, Vol.40, No.5, p.280-281. 12 ref. (In English)

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Topics: allergens; pyridine; case study; dermatitis; laboratory work; pyridine and derivatives; sensitization dermatitis; skin allergies; skin tests. (73899)

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CIS 99-1957 Chloroacetamide as a cause of contact dermatitis in hairdressing. Assier-Bonnet H., Revuz J., Contact Dermatitis, May 1999, Vol.40, No.5, p.284-285. 10 ref. (In English)

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Topics: allergens; chloroacetamide; case study; dermatitis; dyes; hairdressing; preservatives; sensitization dermatitis; skin tests. (73900)

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CIS 99-1958 Change in semen quality and sperm chromatin structure following occupational styrene exposure. Kolstad H.A., Bonde J.P., Spano M., Giwercman A., Zschiesche W., Kaae D., Larsen S.B., Roeleveld N., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, May 1999, Vol.72, No.3, p.135-141. 29 ref. (In English)

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Semen samples were collected from 23 reinforced plastics workers at the time of employment and after six months of styrene exposure and from 21 nonexposed farmers. Intraindividual changes in conventional semen parameters and sperm-DNA denaturation patterns were related to the internal dose of styrene exposure measured by postshift urinary mandelic acid. A significant decline in sperm density was seen during styrene exposure from 63.5 to 46.0 million sperm/ml, whereas no decline was seen in nonexposed subjects. Total sperm count was almost halved from an initial value of 175 million sperm/ejaculate. No relationship was apparent when the sperm parameters were related to internal levels of exposure. A small exposure-response relationship was shown for DNA-denaturation patterns. A declining sperm count following styrene exposure is suggested, although the findings of the internal and external comparisons are inconsistent. This may be due to the high intraindividual variability of semen parameters, the limited study size and a weak internal exposure gradient. Topics: styrene; mandelic acid; case-control study; determination in urine; DNA; exposure evaluation; genetic effects; individual susceptibility; plastics industry; reinforced plastics; spermatogenic disturbances. (73905)

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CIS 99-1959 Biomonitoring of exposure to ethylene oxide and propylene oxide by determination of hemoglobin adducts: Correlations between airborne exposure and adduct levels. Boogaard P.J., Rocchi P.S.J., van Sittert N.J., International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, May 1999, Vol.72, No.3, p.142-150. Illus. 37 ref. (In English)

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To establish correlations between airborne concentrations of ethylene oxide (EO) and propylene oxide (PO) and their haemoglobin (Hb) adducts in petrochemical workers, external occupational exposure to EO and PO was assessed by personal air monitoring (PAM), and internal exposure to EO and PO was assessed by determination of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)valine (HOEtVal) and N-(3-hydroxypropyl)valine (HOPrVal) in blood samples. In a first study, PAM was applied once a month at random over a period of four months. Blood samples for Hb-adduct determination were collected at the end of this period. No significant correlation was found between PAM and Hb-adduct data. In two following studies, PAM was applied to the operators during the entire shift on every working day. Blood samples were collected before and immediately after the study period. Significant correlations were found between the increment in the concentration of HOEtVal and HOPrVal and the total exposure to EO and PO respectively. Time-integrated exposure to EO or PO can be readily and reliably assessed from the concentration of HOEtVal or HOPrVal in a small blood sample. Topics: ethylene oxide; propylene oxide; description of technique; determination in air; determination in blood; dose-response relationship; exposure tests; haemoglobin monitoring; length of exposure; personal sampling. (73906)

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CIS 99-1960 Peripheral hemodynamics evaluated by acceleration plethysmography in workers exposed to lead. Aiba Y., Ohshiba S., Horiguchi S., Morioka I., Miyashita K., Kiyota I., Endo G., Takada H., Iwata H., Industrial Health, Jan. 1999, Vol.37, No.1, p.3-8. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

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To clarify the effect of lead exposure on peripheral haemodynamics, acceleration plethysmography (APG) was performed on 48 male subjects occupationally exposed to lead (exposure group) and 43 male subjects with no history of occupational exposure to lead (control group). In the exposure group, the blood lead concentration (Pb-B) was also measured. Each APG parameter was assessed by comparing measured data with standard aging curves. A significant negative correlation was obtained between the APG parameter -b/a and Pb-B. The exposure group showed significantly lower values of parameters -b/a and b/a than did the control group. The parameter -b/a in the exposure group showed a dose-dependent decrease with increases in length of working career (duration of exposure to lead) and Pb-B. The parameter -b/a significantly decreased in subjects with working careers of five years or more and in subjects whose Pb-B was 40µg/100mL or more. Results suggest that lead exposure affects peripheral haemodynamics as evaluated by APG. Topics: atherosclerosis; lead; determination in blood; dose-response relationship; exposure evaluation; lead industry; peripheral circulation; plethysmography. (73914)

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CIS 99-1961 A retrospective cohort study of male workers exposed to PVA fibers. Morinaga K., Nakamura K., Kohyama N., Kishimoto T., Industrial Health, Jan. 1999, Vol.37, No.1, p.18-21. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

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In a retrospective cohort study of workers exposed to polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fibres, a total of 447 exposed and 2,416 non-exposed male workers who were engaged before 1980 were followed up until the end of 1996. SMRs for all causes were 0.57 for the exposed, and 0.66 for the non-exposed workers. SMRs for lung cancer were 0.77 for the exposed workers and 0.67 for the non-exposed workers. Lung cancer SMR was 0.86 for workers with 20 or more years' employment. The study showed no difference in lung cancer risk between the workers exposed to PVA fibers and the non-exposed workers. Topics: cohort study; lung cancer; mortality; occupation disease relation; polyvinyl alcohol; synthetic fibres. (73915)

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CIS 99-1962 A new model rat with acute bronchiolitis and its application to research on the toxicology of inhaled particulate matter. Kyono H., Serita F., Toya T., Kubota H., Arito H., Takahashi M., Maruyama R., Homma K., Ohta H., Yamauchi Y., Nakakita M., Seki Y., Ishihara Y., Kagawa J., Industrial Health, Jan. 1999, Vol.37, No.1, p.47-54. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

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An attempt was made to establish a useful animal model that simulates human sensitivity to inhaled particulate matter (PM). A new rat model of acute bronchiolitis (Br) was developed by exposing animals to aerosols containing nickel. To assess the sensitivity of the Br rats to inhaled particles, two kinds of PM of respirable size were tested with doses similar to or a little higher to the recommended threshold limit values (TLVs) for the working environment in Japan. Pathological changes in the lungs and clearance of particles in exposed Br rats were compared to those in normal control or Br rats kept in clean air. Delayed recovery from pre-existing lesions or exacerbated inflammation, and reductions in deposition and clearance rate of inhaled particles with the progress of lesions were observed in Br rats. Results suggest that Br rats are more susceptible to inhaled particles than control rats. Therefore, particulate matter at concentrations lower than the TLVs for Japan, which have no harmful effects on normal lungs, may not always be safe in the case of pre-existing lung inflammation. Topics: animal experiments; bronchiolitis; vanadium pentoxide; titanium dioxide; nickel(II) chloride; inflammations; light microscopy; lung deposition; respirable dust; toxic effects. (73918)

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CIS 99-1963 Biological effects of man-made mineral fibers (I) - Reactive oxygen species production and calcium homeostasis in alveolar macrophages. Wang Q.E., Han C.H., Wu W.D., Wang H.B., Liu S.J., Kohyama N., Industrial Health, Jan. 1999, Vol.37, No.1, p.62-67. Illus. 23 ref. (In English)

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Ten types of standard mineral fibre samples (JFM fibres) were tested for their cytotoxicity in alveolar macrophages (AM) in vitro experiments, in which UICC chrysotile B was used as a positive control. The cytotoxicity tests included the production of superoxide anion radical and hydrogen peroxide, depletion of glutathionee (GSH) and increase of intracellular free calcium. Results showed that chrysotile and most of the ten mineral fibres could increase the production of superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide, deplete the concentration of GSH and increase the level of free intracellular Ca2+ in AM. All the effects of JFM fibres were lower than that induced by UICC chrysotile B. Although the cytotoxicity of JFM fibres was lower than that of asbestos, these mineral fibres should be used with care in industry. Topics: animal experiments; chrysotile; potassium titanate; titanium oxide; asbestos; wollastonite; silicon carbide; calcium; hydrogen peroxide; glutathione; ceramic fibres; cytotoxic effects; glass fibre; in vitro experiments; lung; macrophages; man-made fibres; mineral fibres; mineral wool. (73919)

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CIS 99-1964 Cancer incidence in urban bus drivers and tramway employees: A retrospective cohort study. Soll-Johanning H., Bach E., Olsen J.H., Tüchsen F., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.55, No.9, p.594-598. 30 ref. (In English)

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A retrospective study of 18,174 bus drivers or tramway employees in Copenhagen, Denmark, in the period 1990-94 showed that these workers had an increased risk of all malignant neoplasms. The relative risk was significantly increased for both men and women. People employed for less than three months had no increased risk of cancer. Men employed for more than three months were at increased risk for cancer of the lung, larynx, kidney, bladder, skin, pharynx, rectum and liver. Women employed for more than three months were at increased risk for lung cancer. This increased risk may be due to exposure to air pollution or to other factors, primarily smoking. Topics: atmospheric pollution; buses; cancer; cohort study; drivers; length of service; lung cancer; morbidity; public transport; risk factors; sex-linked differences; smoking; tramways. (73977)

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CIS 99-1965 Health survey of former workers in a Norwegian coke plant. Part 1: Estimation of historical exposures. Part 2: Cancer incidence and cause specific mortality. Romundstad P.R., Rønneberg A., Leira H.L., Bye T., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.55, No.9, p.616-621, 622-626. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Analysis of industrial hygiene data at a coke plant in Norway showed that the exposures of greatest concern were to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), carbonaceous particulates and carbon monoxide. Exposure to PAHs was highest for those who worked at the top of the ovens before 1976, when exposure control measures were introduced. There was a significant excess of stomach cancer among these workers, and mortality from ischaemic heart disease and sudden death was positively associated with work in areas which entailed peak exposures to carbon monoxide. Topics: airborne dust; aromatic hydrocarbons; cancer; quartz; carbon monoxide; benzene; cohort study; coke ovens; coking plants; coronary diseases; exposure evaluation; gastrointestinal cancer; job-exposure relation; mortality; polycyclic hydrocarbons; sudden death syndrome. (73979)

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CIS 99-1966 Best estimate of the magnitude of mortality due to occupational exposure to hazardous substances. Morrell S., Kerr C., Driscoll T., Taylor R., Salkeld G., Corbett S., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.55, No.9, p.634-641. 28 ref. (In English)

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A proportionate attributable risk approach was used to estimate the magnitude of premature mortality induced by exposure to hazardous substances in the Australian workforce. The estimated number of deaths each year from occupational exposure to hazardous substances was 2,290. The rate of mortality attributable to this cause was three to four times greater in male workers than in female workers. Male (productive) person-years of life lost (PYLL) were generally eight times higher than female PYLL. Cancer was the prime cause of death, followed by renal, cardiovascular, neurological and chronic respiratory disease. Acute toxic episodes accounted for a small proportion of mortality but yielded a much larger proportion of PYLL, reflecting the relatively young ages of those who experienced fatal effects. Topics: acute toxicity; asbestosis; Australia; cancer; cardiovascular diseases; chronic respiratory diseases; harmful substances; mortality; neurological effects; pneumoconiosis; renal diseases; sex-linked differences. (73980)

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CIS 99-1967 Occupational asthma due to porcine pancreatic amylase. Aiken T.C., Ward R., Peel E.T., Hendrick D.J., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.54, No.10, p.762-764. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

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Case study of occupational asthma in a histopathology laboratory technician attributable to a powder preparation of the porcine pancreatic enzyme amylase. The diagnosis was confirmed by an inhalation challenge study which showed immediate and late asthmatic reactions associated with a significant increase in airway responsiveness to methacholine. Topics: amylase; asthma; case study; diagnosis; inhalation tests; laboratory work. (74005)

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CIS 99-1968 Spontaneous abortion in dry cleaning workers potentially exposed to perchloroethylene. Doyle P., Roman E., Beral V., Brookes M., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.54, No.12, p.848-853. 16 ref. (In English)

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In a retrospective study of women who were currently or previously employed in dry cleaning or laundry units where perchloroethylene (tetrachloroethylene) was used, reproductive characteristics were similar to expectations. Examination of exposure at the time of pregnancy, however, showed that the rate of spontaneous abortion varied according to the type of work the women did during pregnancy or in the three months before conception. Women who worked in dry cleaning at the time of their pregnancy or in the three months before and who described themselves as operators were about half again as likely to report that their pregnancy ended in a spontaneous abortion than women who described themselves as non-operators. Topics: abortion; tetrachloroethylene; cohort study; dry cleaning; exposure evaluation; job-exposure relation; laundering. (74006)

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CIS 99-1969 Assessment of potential damage to DNA in urine of coke oven workers: An assay of unscheduled DNA synthesis. Roos F., Renier A., Ettlinger J., Iwatsubo Y., Letourneux M., Haguenoer J.M., Jaurand M.C., Pairon J.C., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.54, No.12, p.854-860. Illus. 42 ref. (In English)

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In a study of 60 coke oven workers exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 40 controls, the high concentrations of urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1OHP) observed in the coke oven workers reflected recent exposure to PAHs and were in agreement with assessment of exposure by job. No significant difference was found between coke oven workers and controls in the DNA repair levels of rat cells treated with urine samples. However, the rat cell repair capacity decreased with increasing 1OHP concentration in the exposed population. While exposure to PAHs was not associated with a clear cut modification of the urinary excretion of DNA damaging factors in this test, impairment of some repair mechanisms by urinary constituents is suspected. Topics: aromatic hydrocarbons; coke ovens; determination in urine; DNA; exposure evaluation; genetic effects; job-exposure relation; polycyclic hydrocarbons; urinary metabolites. (74007)

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CIS 99-1970 Season, equipment and job function related to gastrointestinal problems in waste collectors. Ivens U.I., Ebbehøj N., Poulsen O.M., Skov T., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.54, No.12, p.861-867. 26 ref. (In English)

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In a questionnaire-based study, waste collectors reported more gastrointestinal symptoms than did a control group of municipal workers. Workers collecting organic, residual and mixed household waste fractions reported more nausea than the non-exposed waste collectors. Loaders reported most nausea. The prevalence of nausea was highest in the summer followed by autumn and winter. Diarrhoea occurred most among workers collecting mixed household waste or working either as front runner or loader. The prevalence of diarrhoea was highest in the summer among those exposed to organic, residual and mixed household waste. Workers stated that the gastrointestinal symptoms were related to the smell of rotten waste. This may support the hypothesis that microbial compounds were the causal agents. Topics: diarrhoea; gastric disorders; job-exposure relation; microorganisms; questionnaire survey; refuse collection; seasonal variation; subjective assessment; summer. (74008)

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CIS 99-1971 Airway symptoms and lung function in pipelayers exposed to thermal degradation products from MDI-based polyurethane. Jakobsson K., Kronholm-Diab K., Rylander L., Hagmar L., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.54, No.12, p.873-879. 22 ref. (In English)

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The prevalence of episodes of irritative eye symptoms, congestion of the nose and soreness or dryness in the throat was much higher among a group of pipelayers exposed to polyurethane (PUR) containing methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) than among unexposed controls. Most of the pipelayers with symptoms reported that these had started and occurred in relation to PUR welding tasks. Pipelayers with recent high PUR exposure showed a significant reduction of forced expiratory volume in one second compared with controls. Exposure to thermal degradation products from MDI-based polyurethane has adverse effects on the mucous membranes and airways. Topics: diphenylmethane diisocyanate; polyurethane; epidemiologic study; irritation; one-second forced expiratory volume; pipelaying; pulmonary function; pyrolysis products; respiratory diseases; smoking; welding and cutting. (74009)

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CIS 99-1972 Exposure-response analysis of risk of respiratory disease associated with occupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos. Stayner L., Smith R., Bailer J., Gilbert S., Steenland K., Dement J., Brown D., Lemen R., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.646-652. Illus. 27 ref. (In English)

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Analysis of data from a cohort mortality study of textile factory workers confirmed findings from previous investigations of a strong exposure-response relation between exposure to chrysotile asbestos and mortality from both lung cancer and asbestosis. The excess lifetime risk for white men exposed for 45 years at the revised OSHA standard of 0.1 fibre/mL was predicted to be 5/1000 for lung cancer and 2/1000 for asbestosis. Topics: asbestos processing industry; asbestosis; chrysotile; asbestos; cohort study; dose-response relationship; hazard evaluation; lung cancer; mathematical models; mortality; prediction. (74012)

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CIS 99-1973 Work in dry cleaning and the incidence of cancer of the oral cavity, larynx and oesophagus. Vaughan T.L., Stewart P.A., Davis S., Thomas D.B., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.692-695. 20 ref. (In English)

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In two population-based control studies, slight increases in risk were found for oesophageal, laryngeal and tongue cancer among dry cleaning workers potentially exposed to tetrachloroethylene. While these findings could be explained by chance, they are consistent with previous reports. It is suggested that previous studies of dry cleaners that did not control for alcohol and cigarette use may have underestimated the relative risks of such cancers. Topics: alcoholism; cancer; tetrachloroethylene; case-control study; dry cleaning; laryngeal cancer; oesophageal carcinoma; oral cancer; smoking; tongue diseases. (74017)

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CIS 99-1974 Respiratory diseases caused by inhalation of inorganic dust in the working environment. (Spanish: Patología respiratoria por inhalación de polvo inorgánico en el medio laboral) Martínez González C., Rego Fernández G., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.47-57. 70 ref. (In Spanish)

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Pneumoconioses, especially silicosis and asbestosis, are still frequent work-related diseases in spite of current preventive measures. Aggressive types of silicosis have been detected recently in such expanding industries as rock-processing. In addition to pneumoconioses, other adverse effects of mineral dust inhalation in the workplace have been detected in the last two decades. There is increasing evidence that occupational exposure to silica (and other mineral dust) could be a risk factor for bronchitis and chronic airflow limitation. The relationship between tuberculosis and silicosis is well known. Less clear is the possible relationship between tuberculosis and silica exposure. The carcinogenic effect of silica has been recently recognized. Topics: asbestosis; silica; coal dust; coalworkers pneumoconiosis; degree of disability; inorganic man-made fibres; literature survey; pneumoconiosis; respirable dust; respiratory diseases; siderosis; silicosis. (74173)

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CIS 99-1975 Respirator fit factor performance while sweating. Caretti D.M., Gardner P.D., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.84-88. Illus. 15 ref. (In English)

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Data on respirator fit factors were obtained while 14 subjects completed 30min of treadmill walking at an intensity of 75% of age-predicted maximal heart rate in an aerosol test chamber under ambient environmental conditions. Facial and whole body sweat production were also measured. Respirator fit was significantly degraded after 14min of exercise. Sweat accumulation inside the respirator facepiece averaged 30.9±15.5g. However, no significant correlation of facial sweat production with overall fit factor values measured during exercise was found. Results indicate that respirator fit factors degrade significantly over time under moderate exercise and environmental conditions and suggest that facial sweat accumulation alone does not account for the reduced fit factor levels. Topics: dehydration; exercise tests; human experiments; leakage testing; respirators; sweat rate. (73987)

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CIS 99-1976 Effects of a novel ice-cooling technique on work in protective clothing at 28°C, 23°C and 18°C WBGTs. Muir I.H., Bishop P.A., Ray P., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.96-104. Illus. 24 ref. (In English)

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A new ice cooling suit was tested that permits recharge of the ice cooling system without removal of protective clothing and thus risk of contamination of the wearer. The suit allows for frozen gel packets to be worn in pockets on the outside of the suit. At 28°C and 23°C, mean work times with the cooling system were significantly increased over work times without the cooling system. Mean work times at 18°C were not significantly different. During rest, mean reductions in rectal temperature were greater with the cooling system. Mean heart rate calculated at the same point in both treatments was lower with the cooling system. This new design seemed to provide comparable cooling to conventional vests and also provides greater practicality for field use. Even in experimental form, the suit demonstrated increased productivity due to extended tolerance time. Topics: body-core temperature; chemical protective clothing; comfort criteria; evaluation of equipment; exercise tests; human experiments; protective clothing; thermal comfort. (73989)

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CIS 99-1977 Field-based monitoring of agricultural workers for overexposure to cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides: Evaluation of a trial program. Karr C.J., Keifer M.C., Miller M.E., Journal of Agromedicine, 1998, Vol.5, No.4, p.35-47. 15 ref. (In English)

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A field cholinesterase test kit was used to monitor orchard pesticide applicators and field workers. The kit utilizes blood obtained by finger-stick sampling, is extremely portable, battery powered and very simple to operate. Compared to baseline values obtained prior to the start of exposure, at each visit, approximately 7-8% of monitored workers were identified as having cholinesterase activity level changes consistent with significant inhibition. Applicators had significantly lower levels than field workers. With a few technical corrections, the kit holds the promise of being a simple, rapid, accurate method for testing cholinesterase in the field. Topics: agriculture; cholinesterase monitoring; crop protection; determination in blood; evaluation of equipment; exposure evaluation; haemoglobin monitoring; orchards; pesticides. (73872)

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CIS 99-1978 Variation in incidences of tuberculosis in subgroups of South African gold miners. Kleinschmidt I., Churchyard G., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1997, Vol.54, No.9, p.636-641. Illus. 21 ref. (In English)

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A retrospective cohort study of a group of South African gold miners showed that tuberculosis (TB) was more strongly associated with age than expected. There was also a significant association between TB and occupations such as drilling compared with low dust surface and maintenance work. A profile of mineworkers who are at high risk of TB can be defined by age, mining occupation, silicosis status and HIV infection. TB screening programmes should take special cognisance of these high risk groups. Topics: age-linked differences; cohort study; gold mining; immunodeficiency syndrome; occupation disease relation; risk factors; silicosis; South Africa; tuberculosis. (74011)

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CIS 99-1979 Occurrence of urinary tract tumours in miners highly exposed to dinitrotoluene. Brüning T., Chronz C., Thier R., Havelka J., Ko Y., Bolt H.M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.41, No.3, p.144-149. 33 ref. (In English)

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Higher than expected incidences of urothelial and renal cell tumours were found in a group of underground copper miners with high exposures to explosives containing dinitrotoluene. Categorization of the renal cell tumour cases by exposure revealed no dose-dependency concerning explosives and was similar to that of a representative group of formerly dinitrotoluene-exposed workers, whereas the urothelial tumour cases were predominantly confined to the high-exposure categories. These results along with results of genotyping indicate the possibility of human carcinogenicity of dinitrotoluene with regard to urothelium as the target tissue. Topics: bladder tumour; dinitrotoluene; copper mining; dose-response relationship; epidemiologic study; explosives; genito-urinary system diseases; latency; length of exposure; neoplasms; renal cancer; skin absorption. (74018)

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CIS 99-1980 Dangers of welding: Risks associated with fumes and gases. (Spanish: Peligros de soldadura: riesgos asociados con humos y gases) León M.C., Smith D.W., Protección y seguridad, Sep.-Oct. 1998, Vol.44, No.261, p.38-41. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Topics: asphyxiants; fuel gases; health hazards; irritants; metal fumes; pneumotoxic effects; respirators; translation; welding and cutting; welding fumes. (74075)

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CIS 99-1981 Cancer mortality among electric utility workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls. Loomis D., Browning S.R., Schenck A.P., Gregory E., Savitz D.A., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.54, No.10, p.720-728. Illus. 47 ref. (In English)

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In a mortality study of employees at five electrical power companies, neither all cause mortality nor total cancer mortality was related to cumulative exposure to insulating fluids containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Mortality from malignant melanoma increased with exposure. Mortality from brain cancer was modestly increased, but there were no deaths from brain cancer among the most highly exposed men. This study was larger and provided more detailed information on exposure than past investigations of workers exposed to PCBs. Results suggest that PCBs cause cancer, with malignant melanoma being of particular concern in this industry. Topics: brain cancer; cancer; cohort study; electric power distribution; electric power transmission; exposure evaluation; length of exposure; melanoma; mortality; occupation disease relation; polychlorinated biphenyls; skin cancer. (74002)

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CIS 99-1982 Assessment of coke oven emissions exposure among coking workers. Chen M.L., Mao I.F., Wu M.T., Chen J.R., Ho C.K., Smith T.J., Wypij D., Christiani D.C., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.105-110. Illus. 28 ref. (In English)

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Personal breathing-zone samples of total particulates and of the benzene soluble fraction (BSF) of total particulates were taken from 88 coking workers and 59 referents for three consecutive days. The highest BSF concentrations were found among the topside oven workers, where 84% of samples exceeded the current permissible exposure limit of 150µg/m3 (8h TWA). The percentage of BSF in total particulates varied across job classifications, ranging from 0.3% in wharfmen to 24% in tar chasers. Area sampling indicated that the BSF concentration at the topside area was sixtyfold higher than at the administrative area, which was approximately 2km from the coke oven plant. Topics: airborne dust; aromatic hydrocarbons; coke oven gas; coking plants; exposure evaluation; job-exposure relation; personal sampling; polycyclic hydrocarbons; volatile substances. (73990)

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CIS 99-1983 Planning and design of gas alarm systems. (German: Planung und Auslegung von Gaswarnanlagen) Jessel W., GIT Sicherheit + Management, Sep. 1999, Vol.8, No.4, p.354-357. Illus. (In German)

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For safety purposes, gas alarm systems are a second line of defence after proper and continuous process parameter monitoring. They are suitable for the early detection of dangerous conditions arising during storage, processing or transporting of flammable and/or toxic gases in the chemical industry on the condition that they are properly planned, applied, regularly serviced and checked. A gas warning system must be planned with a knowledge of local, time, and frequency distribution of the gases with a potential for leakage, of explosion limits, of response thresholds, and of appropriate sensor signal processing. Topics: alarm systems; automatic alarms; chemical industry; flammable gases; leak detection; safe layout; safety by design; safety engineering; toxic gases. (74147)

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CIS 99-1984 Exposure to wood dust in a group of craft wood working industries (second process). (Italian: Esposizione a polveri di legno in un gruppo di falegnamerie artigiane di seconda lavorazione del legno) Miscetti G., Garofani P., Bodo P., Ballerani A., Luciani G., Mazzanti M., Peccetti V., Medicina del lavoro, Nov.-Dec. 1998, Vol.89, No.6, p.514-523. Illus. 24 ref. (In Italian)

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74 area and 74 personal dust samplings were made in a group of 13 craft woodworking industries to evaluate the risk connected with wood dust exposure. Both the total and the respirable fraction of dusts were calculated from personal samplings. Area samplings showed dust levels within the ACGIH time-weighted average (TLV-TWA) values for soft wood dust. The TLV-TWA for hard wood dust was exceeded, with a high risk of exceeding the TLV-TWA in the medium term. Exposure levels as assessed by personal sampling clearly exceeded the TLV-TWA for hard woods and, less clearly, for soft woods. Exposure conditions in the medium term were clearly unacceptable. Results show the need for preventive measures to reduce worker exposure to wood dust, through workplace improvements and better work organization, technological structures, individual attitudes and personal protection. Topics: air sampling; arts and crafts; exposure evaluation; hardwoods; personal sampling; respirable dust; softwoods; threshold limit values; wood dust; woodworking industry. (74187)

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CIS 99-1985 Occupational exposure to chemical and biological agents in the nonproduction departments of pulp, paper, and paper product mills: An international study. Teschke K., Ahrens W., Andersen A., Boffetta P., Fincham S., Finkelstein M., Henneberger P., Kauppinen T., Kogevinas M., Korhonen K., Liss G., Liukkonnen T., Osvoll P., Savela A., Szadkowska-Stanczyk I., Westberg H., Widerkiewicz K., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.73-83. 16 ref. (In English)

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Previously unpublished exposure measurements in the pulp and paper industry were assembled in a database. Data cover 147 mills in 11 countries, of which 7,293 measurements are relevant to nonproduction departments. The greatest variety of agents was measured in the maintenance, construction and cleaning department, where high exposures to asbestos, chromium (VI) compounds, copper, mercury, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, styrene, sulfur dioxide, trichloroethylene and welding fumes were observed. Measurements in the storage yard, loading and shipping departments indicated high exposures to asbestos, carbon monoxide, fungal spores, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and total dust. The steam and power generation department had high exposures to methyl mercaptan, silica and total dust. Throughout the nonproduction departments, measurements of pulp-production chemicals such as chlorine and sulfur compounds tended to be low, with many below the detection limit. The data provide new insight into the exposures of nonproduction pulp and paper industry personnel. Topics: chemical products; cleaning; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation; harmful substances; job-exposure relation; maintenance; pulp and paper industry. (73986)

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CIS 99-1986 Skin and respiratory sensitisers: Reference chemicals data bank. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, 1999. 85 p. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Topics: allergens; allergic asthma; allergic reactivity; allergic respiratory disorders; allergic rhinitis; allergy tests; classification systems; control substances; dermatitis; list of chemical substances; sensitization; skin allergies. (74028)

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CIS 99-1987 Safety in the use of chemicals at work - Technical report. Centre for the Improvement of Working Conditions and Environment, Labour Department, Government of Punjab, Township (Near Chandni Chowk), Lahore, Pakistan, 1999. 89p. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

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Topics: chemical safety; conference; dangerous substances; environmental pollution; first aid; glossary; harmful substances; legal aspects; list of chemical substances; major hazards; national organization; Pakistan; safe working methods; standard. (74030)

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CIS 99-1988 Toxicological profile for 2,4-dinitrotoluene and 2,6-dinitrotoluene: Update. Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry (ATSDR), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology, Toxicology Information Branch, 1600 Clifton Road NE, E-29, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA, Dec. 1998. xix, 195p. Illus. approx. 380 ref. (In English)

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Topics: 2,4-dinitrotoluene; 2,6-dinitrotoluene; antifertility effects; carcinogenic effects; cardiovascular disorders; criteria document; exposure evaluation; glossary; haematotoxic effects; health hazards; limitation of exposure; literature survey; neurological effects; skin absorption; toxic effects; toxicity evaluation; toxicology; USA; vomiting. (74091)

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CIS 99-1989 IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Dry cleaning, some chlorinated solvents and other industrial chemicals. World Health Organization (WHO), IARC Press, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 1995. iv, 551p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: CHF 90.00., ISBN 92-832-1263-0 (In English)

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Topics: carcinogenic effects; acrolein; vinyl acetate; tetrachloroethylene; benzofuran; chloral hydrate; crotonaldehyde; fluoroethylene; chloral; trichloroacetic acid; trichloroethylene; dichloroacetic acid; 1,2,3-trichloropropane; furfural; furan; chlorinated hydrocarbons; chloropropenes; criteria document; dry cleaning; epidemiologic study; genetic effects; IARC; literature survey; solvents; WHO. (74093)

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CIS 99-1990 Toxicological profile for 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine: Update. Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry (ATSDR), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Toxicology, Toxicology Information Branch, 1600 Clifton Road NE, E-29, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA, Dec. 1998. xix, 149p. Illus. approx. 1000 ref. (In English)

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Topics: 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine; carcinogenic effects; criteria document; dermatitis; exposure evaluation; glossary; health hazards; irritants; limitation of exposure; literature survey; skin absorption; toxic effects; toxicity evaluation; toxicology; USA. (74094)

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CIS 99-1991 Laboratory decontamination and destruction of carcinogens in laboratory wastes: Some antineoplastic agents. Castegnaro M., Adams J., Armour M.A., Barek J., Benvenuto J., Confalonieri C., Goff U., Ludeman S., Reed D., Sansone E.B., Telling G., International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 1985. 163p. Illus. 201 ref., ISBN 92-832-1173-1 (In English)

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Topics: antineoplastic drugs; carcinogens; semustine; melphalan; carmustine; cisplatin; streptozotocin; daunomycin; adriamycin; ifosfamide; cyclophosphamide; 6-mercaptopurine; chlorozotocin; vincristine; methotrexate; description of technique; disposal of harmful waste; IARC; laboratory work; manuals; pollution control. (74095)

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CIS 99-1992 Laboratory decontamination and destruction of carcinogens in laboratory wastes: Some aromatic amines and 4-nitrobiphenyl. Castegnaro M., Barek J., Dennis J., Ellen G., Klibanov M., Lafontaine M., Mitchum R., Van Roosmalen P., Sansone E.B., Sternson L.A., Vahl M., International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 1985. 85p. Illus. 88 ref., ISBN 92-832-1164-2 (In English)

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Topics: 4-nitrobiphenyl; aromatic amines; carcinogens; methylenebis(2-chloroaniline); dimethoxybenzidine; dimethylbenzidine; 1-naphthylamine; 2-naphthylamine; 3,3'-dichlorobenzidine; 4-aminobiphenyl; benzidine; 2,4-diaminotoluene; description of technique; disposal of harmful waste; IARC; laboratory work; manuals; pollution control. (74096)

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CIS 99-1993 Laboratory decontamination and destruction of carcinogens in laboratory wastes: Some haloethers. Castegnaro M., Alvarez M., Iovu M., Sansone E.B., Telling G.M., Williams D.T., eds., International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 1984. 53p. Illus. 77 ref., ISBN 92-832-1161-8 (In English)

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Topics: carcinogens; chloromethyl methyl ether; bis(chloromethyl) ether; description of technique; disposal of harmful waste; halogenated ethers; IARC; laboratory work; manuals; pollution control. (74097)

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CIS 99-1994 Mechanisms of fibre carcinogenesis. Kane A.B., Boffetta P., Saracci R., Wilbourn J.D., eds., International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 1996. xxiii, 135p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 92-832-2140-0 (In English)

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Topics: animal experiments; asbestosis; cancer; carcinogenic effects; asbestos; erionite; cocarcinogenic effects; cytological effects; glass fibre; IARC; in vitro experiments; inorganic man-made fibres; lung deposition; mineral fibres; pulmonary fibrosis; report; synergism. (74098)

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CIS 99-1995 Butadiene and styrene - Assessment of health hazards. Sorsa M., Peltonen K., Vainio H., Hemminki K., eds., International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 1993. xi, 412p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 92-832-2127-3 (In English)

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Topics: antifertility effects; butadiene; cancer; carcinogens; styrene; conference; cytotoxic effects; exposure evaluation; genetic effects; hazard evaluation; health hazards; metabolic process; neurotoxic effects. (74099)

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CIS 99-1996 DNA adducts - Identification and biological significance. Hemminki K., Dipple A., Shuker D.E.G., Kadlubar F.F., Segerbäck D., Bartsch H., eds., International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France, 1994. x, 478p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 92-832-2125-7 (In English)

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Topics: aflatoxins; aldehydes; allyl compounds; aromatic amines; aromatic hydrocarbons; benzene; biological effects; carcinogens; DNA; literature survey; mutagenic effects; mycotoxins; nitroso amines; nitrosoureas; nucleic acids; polycyclic hydrocarbons; pyrrole derivatives; tobacco; triazenes. (74100)

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CIS 99-1997 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 38. Ergänzungslieferung, Sep. 1996. 254p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73298-9 (In German)

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Update (38th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes a revised description of the official analytical methods for airborne carcinogens of the Industrial Mutual Accident Insurance Associations Berufsgenossenschaften (directive ZH 1/120; CIS 95-268), a revision of the analytical methods of the German Research Association (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft), the latest version of the Chemicals Prohibition Ordinance (Chemikalien-Verbotsverordnung; included in CIS 95-812) and new paragraphs of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance (Gefahrstoffverordnung; CIS 94-771). Topics: aromatic nitro compounds; atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; exhaust gases; Germany; law; legislation; manuals; neighbourhood protection; prohibition of use; standard; threshold limit values. (74111)

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CIS 99-1998 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 39. Ergänzungslieferung, Dec. 1996. 250p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73299-7 (In German)

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Update (39th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes new material on instrumental analysis of airborne toxic substances and the latest versions of Technical Rules (TRGS) 150 (Skin absorption of hazardous substances), 560 (Recirculation of air in work with carcinogens) and 900 (Exposure limits). Topics: chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; description of technique; determination in air; directive; Germany; legislation; manuals; physicochemical methods of analysis; sampling and analysis; standard; threshold limit values. (74112)

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CIS 99-1999 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 40. Ergänzungslieferung, Feb. 1997. 216p. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73280-6 (In German)

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Update (40th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue presents various exposure limits and toxicity values drawn from Report SFK-GS-07 of the Major Accident Hazard Control Commission (Störfallkommission). It also includes updates to the Hazardous Substances Ordinance (Gefahrstoffverordnung; CIS 94-771) and related Technical Rules: TRGS 101 (Definitions) 102 (Technical Exposure Limits, TRK) 420 (Process- and substance-specific criteria for the reliable long-term maintenance of limit concentrations in air), 440 (Determination and evaluation of risks due to hazardous substances in the workplace; Procedure), 507 (Surface treatment in rooms and vessels), 512 (Fumigation), 513 (Fumigation with ethylene oxide and formaldehyde in sterilization and disinfection installations) and 521 (Fibrous dusts). Topics: airborne dust; atmospheric pollution; carcinogens; formaldehyde; ethylene oxide; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; determination in air; directive; disinfection of equipment; Germany; law; legislation; man-made fibres; manuals; mineral fibres; mutagens; threshold limit values. (74113)

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CIS 99-2000 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 41. Ergänzungslieferung, May 1997. 268p. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73281-4 (In German)

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Update (41st) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes: an updated list of standards, technical reports and draft standards under the responsibility of International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 146 on Air Quality; an updated summary of selected guidelines and analytical methods of the German Engineers' Association (VDI); the latest version of the Federal Exposure Protection Law (Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetz) with updates of derived ordinances; the Third General Administrative Rule for the Major Hazard Ordinance (Störfall-Verordnung). Topics: approval; atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; exhaust gases; Germany; ISO; law; legislation; major hazards; manuals; neighbourhood protection; threshold limit values. (74114)

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CIS 99-2001 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 42. Ergänzungslieferung, Aug. 1997. 244p. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73282-2 (In German)

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Update (42nd) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue continues the overview of the analytical methods of the German Association of Engineers (VDI) begun in the preceding one, and presents an updated texts of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance (Gefahrstoffverordnung) and Technical Rules (TRGS) 402 (Determination and evaluation of concentrations of hazardous substances in workplace air), 522 (Disinfection of spaces with formaldehyde), 900, 901 and 905 (Exposure limits). The German version of European Directive 96/61/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control is also included. Topics: atmospheric pollution; bitumen; carcinogens; formaldehyde; o-chlorotoluene; o-phenylenediamine; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; European Communities; expectant mothers; Germany; law; legislation; manuals; mutagens; neighbourhood protection; nursing mothers; threshold limit values; women, children, young persons. (74115)

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CIS 99-2002 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 43. Ergänzungslieferung, Nov. 1997. 210p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73283-0 (In German)

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Update (43rd) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue presents an overview of the analytical techniques of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration, describes new analytical systems from the Dräger Corporation as well as their full line of indicator tubes, gives updated versions of the Chemical Safety Law (Chemikaliengesetz), Occupational Safety and Health Law (Arbeitsschutzgesetz) and Technical Rules (TRGS) 900, 903 and 905 on exposure limits, and introduces a consensus document on good laboratory practice and data processing. Topics: atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; compressed air; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; Germany; laboratory work; law; legislation; manuals; microelectronics; neighbourhood protection; storage tanks; threshold limit values; USA. (74116)

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CIS 99-2003 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 45. Ergänzungslieferung, May 1998. 208p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73285-7 (In German)

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Update (45th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue continues an overview of the analytical techniques of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration begun in update 43, lists European machine safety standards and all Technical Rules for work with hazardous substances (TRGS), summarizes Guideline 4300 of the German Association of Engineers (VDI) on measuring strategies for formaldehyde in interior air, and gives the texts of TRGS 400 (Determination and evaluation of risks due to hazardous substances in the workplace), 402 (Determination and evaluation of concentrations of hazardous substances in workplace air), 500 (Protective measures/Minimum standards), 555 (Enterprise instructions and training according to Sect. 20 of the Hazardous Substances Ordinance) and 901 (Bases and explanations of limit values for workplace air). European standard DIN EN 1076 for continuous sampling tubes is also included. Topics: atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; data sheet; determination in air; directive; European Communities; Germany; law; legislation; machinery guarding regulations; manuals; neighbourhood protection; organic compounds; standard; threshold limit values; USA. (74117)

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CIS 99-2004 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 47. Ergänzungslieferung, Dec. 1998. 252p. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73287-3 (In German)

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Update (47th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes a fully revised list of hazardous substances (all substances published in the official German exposure limit lists plus certain other substances that are important in the workplace but lack exposure limits), with methods of determination. The same information plus physical property data is presented on the accompanying CD-ROM. Updated versions of Technical Rules (TRGS) 420 (Process- and substance-specific criteria for reliable long-term maintenance of exposure limits), 512 (Fumigation), 522 (Disinfection of spaces with formaldehyde), 900 (Workplace exposure limits) and 905 (List of substances that are carcinogenic, genotoxic or show reproductive toxicity) are also included in this update. Topics: atmospheric pollution; carcinogens; formaldehyde; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; determination in air; directive; Germany; law; legislation; list of chemical substances; manuals; mutagens; neighbourhood protection. (74118)

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CIS 99-2005 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 48. Ergänzungslieferung, Feb. 1999. 252p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73288-1 (In German)

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Update (48th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes: a new discussion of the concept of "breathing zone"; the text of a World Health Organization publication on airborne fibre number concentrations and their determination; updates to the Chemicals Prohibition Ordinance (Chemikalien-Verbotsverordnung), Hazardous Substances Ordinance (Gefahrstoffverordnung), the Federal Exposure Control Law (Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetz) and the unified federal guideline on emission monitoring; the texts of European Directive 98/24/EC on the protection of the health and safety of workers from the risks related to chemical agents at work and of the US detector tube standard (ANSI/ISEA 102-1990); an overview of European standard DIN EN 838 on performance requirements for diffusion samplers. Topics: approval; atmospheric pollution; chemical safety; compendium; dangerous substances; determination in air; directive; European Communities; fibre counts; Germany; law; legislation; manuals; neighbourhood protection. (74119)

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CIS 99-2006 Analysis of dangerous substances. (German: Gefahrstoff-Analytik) Leichnitz K., Ecomed Verlagsgesellschaft AG & Co. KG, Rudolf-Diesel-Str. 3, 86899 Landsberg/Lech, Germany, 49. Ergänzungslieferung, May 1999. 240p. Bibl.ref., ISBN 3-609-73289-X (In German)

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Update (49th) to the loose-leaf collection of methods for monitoring compliance with exposure limits and anti-pollution laws, and for analysis of process gases, abstracted under CIS 90-955. This issue includes an updated overview of the analytical methods of the German Research Association (DFG) and the German Association of Engineers (VDI) as well as updates of the Technical Rules (TRGS) 200 (Classification and labelling of substances, preparations and products), 400 (Determination and evaluation of risks due to hazardous substances in the workplace: requirements) 440 (Determination and evaluation of risks due to hazardous substances in the workplace: procedures), 520 (Establishment and operation of collection points and associated temporary storage areas for small quantities of hazardous waste), 554 (Diesel motor emissions), 900 (Exposure limits) and 905 (List of substances that are carcinogenic, genotoxic or pose reproductive hazards). The Federal Notification of 1 Feb 1999 on occupational health and safety management systems and the Biosafety Ordinance (Biostoffverordnung) of 27 Jan. 1999 are reproduced. (74120)

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CIS 99-2007 Biomonitoring of workers exposed to chemical pollutants. (Spanish: Control biológico de los trabajadores expuestos a contaminantes químicos) Obiols Quinto J., Huici Montagud A., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1998. 346p. Illus. approx. 490 ref., ISBN 84-7425-495-7 (In Spanish)

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Topics: biological effects; biological threshold limits; carcinogens; carbon monoxide; benzene; lead; cadmium; chromium; chemical products; determination in biological matter; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; fluorides; harmful substances; medical supervision; organophosphorus compounds; sampling and analysis; toxic substances; toxicology. (74072)

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CIS 99-2008 Risk analysis as a tool in safety planning using heavy gases and chlorine as examples. (German: Die Risikoanalyse als Hilfe für Sicherheitsentscheidungen gezeigt am Beispiel schwerer Gase und des Chlorstoffzyklus) Hartwig S., Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1999, 148p. Illus. 178 ref. Index. Price: DEM 56.00., ISBN 3-503-04827-8 (In German)

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A procedure is presented for determining the probability of an explosion or inadvertent release of a dangerous or harmful substance and the severity of the effects caused by the event. It takes into consideration production, processing and storage as well as road, rail, water and pipeline transport of a dangerous or harmful substance. Based on past experience, 20 heavy gases which are most widely used in industrial production in Germany were selected as examples, and the probability of them being involved in a serious accident was determined and compared. Chlorine was used in further risk analyses to identify weak spots and the most efficient preventive measures. Topics: chlorine; dangerous substances; explosion hazards; gases; harmful substances; hazard evaluation; industrial gases; major hazards; safety planning; toxic gases. (74144)

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CIS 99-2009 Chemical cleaners. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Rev.ed., Sep. 1998. 2p. 6 ref. (In English)

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Replaces CIS 93-276. This information note describes the health hazards associated with the use of chemical cleaners used for cleaning building facades, statues, etc. and provides safety and health guidance for their use or the supervision of their use. Topics: caustic substances; cleaning; construction industry; data sheet; first aid; harmful substances; limitation of exposure; neighbourhood protection; personal hygiene; personal protective equipment. (73842)

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CIS 99-2010 Solvents. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Rev.ed., Sep. 1998. 2p. 11 ref. (In English)

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Replaces CIS 93-274. This information note describes the hazards associated with the use of solvents and solvent-based construction products and provides guidance on the avoidance of health hazards, particularly in poorly ventilated areas. Topics: construction industry; data sheet; first aid; health hazards; limitation of exposure; paints and varnishes; personal hygiene; personal protective equipment; solvents; ventilation. (73843)

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CIS 99-2011 Substitutes for chrysotile (white) asbestos. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Dec. 1998. 9p. 5 ref. (In English)

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Topics: asbestos; carcinogens; chrysotile; data sheet; legislation; prohibition of use; responsibilities of employers; substitution; United Kingdom. (73855)

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CIS 99-2012 Are you involved in the carriage of dangerous goods by road or rail?. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Feb. 1999. 30p. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

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Replaces CIS 97-241. Topics: classification; dangerous substances; drivers; emergency organization; legislation; loading and unloading; packing, filling; rail transport; responsibilities of employers; road transport; safety consultants; supply of information; transport containers; United Kingdom; warning notices. (73857)

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CIS 99-2013 Leakages in vessels and pipes: Emission in liquid phase. (Spanish: Fugas en recipientes y conducciones: emisión en fase líquida) Turmo Sierra E., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 8p. Illus. 8 ref. (In Spanish)

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Topics: containers; dangerous substances; data sheet; leakage; liquids; mathematical analysis; piping; pressure vessels and systems; Spain; temperature-pressure relationship. (74108)

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CIS 99-2014 Selection of suitable respiratory protective equipment for work with asbestos. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Feb. 1999. 26p. 14 ref. (In English)

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Topics: asbestos removal; asbestos; chrysotile; construction work; data sheet; exposure evaluation; information of personnel; legislation; respirators; responsibilities of employers; selection of equipment; supervision of use of protective equipment; supply of personal protective equipment; United Kingdom. (73856)

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006 Fires, explosions and major hazards

CIS 99-2015 Electrical equipment in hazardous areas. Holton D.W., Safety and Health Practitioner, Apr. 1999, Vol.17, No.4, p.32-34. Illus. (In English)

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On industrial sites, the somewhat ambiguous term "hazardous area" is usually taken to mean hazardous in the sense that an explosive gas atmosphere may be present. Many materials are flammable, including a high proportion of the solvents used in the manufacture of a wide variety of chemicals, as well as the more obvious fuel products such as methane and gasoline. The classification of such hazardous areas is described along with the protection which should be applied to electrical equipment for use in such areas. Topics: autoignition temperature; classification systems; electrical equipment; explosion hazards; explosion protection; explosion-proof electrical equipment; explosive atmospheres; flameproof construction; flammable gases; flammable liquids; solvents; sources of ignition; spontaneous combustion. (73897)

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CIS 99-2016 The Seveso II directive (96/82/EC) on the control of major accident hazards involving dangerous substances. Cassidy K., Mendola A.A., eds., Journal of Hazardous Materials, Mar. 1999, Vol.65, No.1-2, xi, 231p. (special issue). Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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For the Council directive 96/82/EC, see CIS 97-1079. Topics: chemical industry; comment on directive; dangerous substances; emergency organization; European Communities; hazard evaluation; implementation of control measures; legislation; major hazards; responsibilities of employers; total loss control. (73922)

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CIS 99-2017 Going green - The options. Jackman L., Fire Prevention, Jan. 1999, No.316, p.30-33. (In English)

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The demise of halon has prompted a fresh look and a greater appreciation of other existing fire suppression systems and the development of some new ones. Attributes of several alternative protection systems are reviewed. Topics: bromotrifluoromethane; carbon dioxide extinguishers; carbon dioxide; case study; dry extinguishing powder; extinguishing agents; fire detection; fire fighting; fire protection; halogenated hydrocarbons; inert substances; mists; smoke detectors; sprinkler systems; total flooding systems. (73923)

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CIS 99-2018 Explosions at the workplace. (French: Explosion et lieu de travail) Petit J.M., Dornier G., Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 1999, No.586-587, 4p. Insert. Illus. (In French)

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Topics: data sheet; explosion hazards; explosion pressure; explosion prevention; flammable dust; flammable gases; France; grain elevators; information of personnel; legislation; overpressure; prevention of explosion propagation; responsibilities of employers; sources of ignition; statistics. (74123)

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CIS 99-2019 Proposed method of analysing the "domino" effect to help control major technological hazards. (French: Proposition d'une méthode d'analyse des effets "domino" afin de prévenir les risques technologiques majeurs) Dolladille O., Préventique-Sécurité, Mar.-Apr. 1999, No.44, p.62-70. Illus. 9 ref. (In French)

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Topics: computer simulation; description of technique; evaluation of technique; fail safety; hazard evaluation; major hazards; mathematical models; neighbourhood protection; safety analysis. (74130)

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CIS 99-2020 Emergency response plans: The benefits of integration. Borak J., Silverstein B.D., Occupational Hazards, Sep. 1999, Vol.61, No.9, p.44-48. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

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Topics: nitric acid; dangerous substances; emergency organization; emergency-treatment organization; enforcement; environmental pollution; inspection; legislation; personal protective equipment; plant safety organization; role of government; toxic substances; USA. (74061)

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CIS 99-2021 The bulk transfer of dangerous liquids and gases between ship and shore. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1999. iv, 72p. Illus. 87 ref. Price: GBP 10.50., ISBN 0-7176-1644-4 (In English)

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Replaces CIS 88-609. Topics: bulk liquid containers; cleaning; data sheet; emergency services; escape organization; fire fighting; fire prevention; flammable gases; flammable liquids; glossary; harbours; legislation; loading and unloading; maintenance; materials handling; permits-to-work; spills; United Kingdom. (74034)

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CIS 99-2022 Workbook for chemical reactor relief system sizing. Etchells J., Wilday J., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, PO Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk Co10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1998. xiv, 241p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 0-7176-1389-5 (In English)

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Topics: chemical industry; exothermic reactions; glossary; pressure limiting devices; process engineering; protection against overpressure; safety by design. (73895)

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CIS 99-2023 After the event - From accident to organisational learning. Hale A., Wilpert B., Freitag M., eds., Elsevier Science Limited, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, United Kingdom, 1997. viii, 250p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: NLG 169.00, USD 97.00. Index., ISBN 0-08-043074-0 (In English)

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Topics: accident investigation; aircraft; airports; analysis of accident causes; chemical hazards; chemical industry; major hazards; management failure; mathematical models; plant safety organization; rail transport; role of management; safety analysis. (74038)

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CIS 99-2024 Fire and explosion risks from pentane in expandable polystyrene (EPS). Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1998. 3p. 3 ref. (In English)

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Topics: pentane; polystyrene; data sheet; expanded plastics; explosion hazards; explosive atmospheres; fire hazards; fire protection; hazard evaluation; plastics industry; sources of ignition; storage. (73845)

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CIS 99-2025 Major hazard sites and safety reports: What you need to know. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 8p. 2 ref. (In English)

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Topics: chemical hazards; data sheet; emergency organization; enforcement; information dissemination; inspection; legislation; major hazards; neighbourhood protection; plant safety organization; responsibilities of employers; United Kingdom. (73851)

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007 Electrical safety

CIS 99-2026 New insulating protective clothing. (German: Neue schirmende Schutzkleidung) Engelmann E., Herzberg C., 1999, EMC-Kompendium, p.294-295. Illus. 2 ref., ISBN 3-9804947-4-8 (In German)

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A new protective multilayer coverall is described which protects workers exposed to strong 50Hz electric fields produced by overhead electric lines with voltages up to 800kV. It consists of an outer layer of nonflammable, tear-resistant fabric and an inner layer of moisture-absorbing soft cotton. Metallised polyamide fabric with the protective effect of a Faraday cage is sandwiched in between the two layers. The coverall protects the entire body from head to toe. A protective helmet with transparent, gold-coated face shield is used instead of the hood for work on or near power lines with voltages above 420kV. Topics: electric fields; high voltage; insulating clothing; live work; materials for personal protection; metallic-scrim fabrics; overhead electric lines; protective clothing; work near electric lines. (74150)

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CIS 99-2027 Worker deaths by electrocution: A summary of NIOSH surveillance and investigative findings. Publications Dissemination, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, May 1998. vii, 43p. Illus. 37 ref. (In English)

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Surveillance data and investigative reports of fatal incidents involving workers who contacted energized electrical conductors or equipment are summarized. Data were derived from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system maintained by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) of the USA, and are based on death certificates of workers 16 years or older who died from a traumatic injury in the workplace. Part I of this monograph provides: an overview of electrical hazards, including the effects of electrical energy on the human body; a comprehensive summary of the epidemiology of occupational electrocutions based on NTOF and the NIOSH Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) programme data which identifies common risk factors for fatal injury due to contact with electrical energy; and recommendations for elements of an effective electrical safety program for the prevention of workplace electrocutions. Part II includes a summary abstract for all 224 FACE electrocution investigative reports prepared by NIOSH for further information and reference. Topics: accident descriptions; electrical accidents; electrical safety; electricity; epidemiological aspects; fatalities; frequency rates; health hazards; occupations; report; risk factors; safe working methods; statistics; USA. (73992)

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008 Physical hazards

CIS 99-2028 A pilot study on the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise. Takahashi Y., Yonekawa Y., Kanada K., Maeda S., Industrial Health, Jan. 1999, Vol.37, No.1, p.28-35. Illus. 25 ref. (In English)

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A measuring method was designed using a miniature accelerometer to understand the basic characteristics of human body vibration induced by low frequency noise and to evaluate the effects on health. Vibration was measured on the chest and abdomen of six male subjects exposed to pure tones in the frequency range of 20-50Hz, where the method proved to be sensitive enough to detect vibration on the body surface. The level and rate of increase with frequency of the vibration was higher on the chest than on the abdomen. This difference was considered to be due to the mechanical structure of the human body. The measured noise-induced vibration was also negatively correlated with the subject's body mass index, which suggested that the health effects of low frequency noise depend not only on the mechanical structure but also on the physical constitution of the human body. Topics: body weight; human experiments; low-frequency noise; vibration acceleration; vibration measurement; whole-body vibration. (73917)

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CIS 99-2029 Vibroacoustic disease. Castelo Branco N.A.A., Alves-Pereira M., eds., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.70, No.3, Section II, Supplement, p.iii-A154. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Vibroacoustic Disease (VAD) is the clinical manifestation of a systemic disease developed as a result of long-term exposure to high-pressure amplitude, low frequency noise. Studies using small mammals and humans are reported here. Results strongly suggest that long-term exposure to noise levels of the order of 100dB(A) at a frequency spectrum below 500Hz (conditions prevalent in many industrial settings) is likely to lead to pathological sequelae to the cardiorespiratory system and the central nervous system. Evidence is also presented suggesting untoward effects of VAD on the immune system. Topics: aircraft industry; animal experiments; cardiological effects; central nervous system; genetic effects; health hazards; human experiments; long-term exposure; low-frequency noise; neurological effects; noise level; respiratory diseases; tissue damage; vestibular disorders; vibration disease; vibration. (73920)

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CIS 99-2030 The effects of rivet guns on hand-arm vibration. Kattel B.P, Fernandez J.E., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.595-608. Illus. 24 ref. (In English)

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Vibration data were collected from five male and five female subjects using 12 rivet guns (from four different manufacturers depicted here as types l, 2, 3, and 4 with large, medium, and small sizes in each type) at three different postures (neutral, 1/3 maximum flexion, and 1/3 maximum ulnar deviation) and two different levels of applied force (8 and 12lbs). The results of analysis indicated that the level of vibration entering the hand was significantly higher for type 4 and large size than for other types and sizes. Based on the recommendations of ISO standard 5349, type 4 rivet guns should not be used for more than 30min per day. Results of detailed analysis and the ergonomic ramifications as well as practical applications of this finding are discussed. Topics: design of equipment; grip strength; hand tools; hand-arm vibration; Raynaud's phenomenon; repetitive strain injury; riveting; upper extremity disorders; vibrating tools; vibration acceleration; vibration damage risk criteria; vibration measurement; work posture. (73959)

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CIS 99-2031 Wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) - To what extent is GT essential?. Moran D.S., Pandolf K.B., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, May 1999, Vol.70, No.5, p.480-484. Illus. 30 ref. (In English)

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Industrial and military safety personnel often require an easy, quick and accurate assessment of heat stress as a potential risk. The widely used WBGT index to evaluate heat stress is cumbersome and suited for a fixed site station rather than a mobile situation. Recently, a modified discomfort index (MDI) compiled from ambient temperature and wet bulb temperature was suggested to evaluate heat stress. Validation of the simple and easy-to-operate MDI on an independent database can determine whether this index is able to serve as a reliable and valid alternative to WBGT. Four separate database sets obtained from a Marine Corps training site served to validate this index. Hourly weather measurements were collected daily during four years, representing a wide range of environmental conditions. The MDI validity was tested vs. the WBGT index. A highly significant correlation coefficient greater than 0.95 was found in each of the four database sets. The simply constructed and user friendly MDI is easier to calculate and use than WBGT, and it has the potential to serve as an attractive alternative to the WBGT index in assessing heat stress. Topics: climatic measurement; heat stress assessment; heat stress indices; hot workplaces; mathematical models; temperature measurement; thermal discomfort; thermal environment; WBGT index. (73898)

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CIS 99-2032 The assessment of heat radiation. Forsthoff A., Neffgen H., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.407-414. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

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Climatic chamber experiments were performed with male subjects to study the thermal stress at climates involving increased heat radiation. Based on the reactions of heart rate, rectal temperature and sweat rate, a heat stress index was developed for the assessment of climates with effective heat radiation intensities up to 1400W/m2. The index considers different combinations of dry air temperature, globe temperature, mean radiant temperature, air velocity, clothing, physical work load and directions of radiation and air flow. The index integrates combinations of the variables producing the same degree of thermal strain into a single value. This value indicates the temperature of the physiologically equivalent climate in which air and radiant temperature are equal. It can be determined from a simple formula or from correspondent graphs. In comparison, the international recommended heat stress indices are less able to evaluate heat radiation correctly. The incorporation of the new partial index into indices in use may substantially improve their physiological validity in the assessment of climates with radiant heat stress. Topics: body-core temperature; climate chamber studies; heat acclimatization; heat load; heat stress assessment; heat stress indices; human experiments; physical workload; pulse rate; radiant heat; simulation facilities; skin temperature; sweat rate. (73952)

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CIS 99-2033 Heat stress management: Case study in an aluminum smelter. Bernard T.E., Cross R.R., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.609-620. Illus. 23 ref. (In English)

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Environmental data were collected in an aluminium smelter and used to develop a prediction model for WBGT levels at target locations in potrooms based on the temperature and humidity of air entering the potrooms at a representative (reference) location. The WBGT prediction in combination with metabolic rate and a task analysis was implemented in a spreadsheet scheme for heat stress evaluation of different jobs. Heat stress guidelines were developed to manage the risk of heat-related disorders. The guidelines mapped out policy, responsibilities and activities, and included environmental thresholds at the reference location for administrative controls and personal protection. The current level of heat stress was broadcast through the potrooms so that appropriate actions could be taken. The success of the guidelines was seen in the reduction of heat-related disorders and overall injuries. Topics: aluminium industry; climatic measurement; exposure evaluation; heat load; heat stress assessment; heat stress indices; heat transfer; hot workplaces; humidity measurement; mathematical models; prediction formulae; refining; smelting plants; threshold limit values; WBGT index. (73960)

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CIS 99-2034 Protecting workers in cold conditions. Nash J.L., Occupational Hazards, Oct. 1999, Vol.61, No.10, p.133-136. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: Alaska; body temperature; cold; extreme temperatures; frostbite; impermeable fabrics; outdoor work; polar climate; protection against cold; protection against humidity; risk factors; snow; USA; weather protective clothing; wind; winter. (74068)

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CIS 99-2035 Effects of simple measures to reduce the occupational solar UV exposure of outdoor workers. Parisi A., Kimlin M., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 1999, Vol.15, No.3, p.267-272. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

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Taking sun-sheltered meal- and tea-breaks around solar noon can reduce occupational exposure to solar erythemal ultraviolet (UV) radiation by outdoor workers. The research presented quantifies the reductions in solar UV exposure to be expected in summer and winter for different scenarios of break times for this high UV exposure occupational group of the population. Topics: exposure evaluation; eye injuries; limitation of exposure; outdoor work; personal protective equipment; radiance measurement; skin cancer; solar radiation; ultraviolet radiation; workbreaks. (73904)

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CIS 99-2036 UV exposure - A burning issue. Brown A., Safety and Health Practitioner, June 1999, Vol.17, No.6, p.33-35. Illus. 3 ref. (In English)

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Topics: exposure evaluation; limitation of exposure; melanoma; outdoor work; personal protective equipment; skin cancer; skin creams; solar radiation; ultraviolet radiation; work time schedules; workbreaks. (73910)

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CIS 99-2037 Vibrotactile sense and hand symptoms in blue collar workers in a manufacturing industry. Flodmark B.T., Lundborg G., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dec. 1997, Vol.54, No.12, p.880-887. Illus. 47 ref. (In English)

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Vibrotactile sense was determined in a group of blue collar workers exposed to vibration in rock crushing plants and in a control group of workers not exposed to vibration but subjected to heavy manual work. Clinical examinations were also performed. There was a clear relation between a lower vibrotactile sense and more pronounced sensorineural symptoms and between vibrotactile sense and the Stockholm workshop scale (sensorineural staging). Results indicate that tactilometry for the assessment of vibrotactile sense is a useful tool in assessing the severity of vibration induced neuromuscular symptoms and in verifying clinical complaints. Heavy manual work without exposure to vibration may contribute to the impairment of vibrotactile sense. Topics: epidemiologic study; grip strength; hand-arm vibration; heavy work; neuromuscular disorders; paraesthesia; stone crushing; vibration perception threshold. (74010)

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CIS 99-2038 Chronothermometry in the diagnosis of Raynaud's phenomenon caused by prolonged use of vibrating tools. (Italian: La cronotermometria nella diagnosi delle vasculopatie Raynaud-simili da uso prolungato di strumenti vibranti) Veronese N., Perbellini L., Brugnone F., Medicina del lavoro, July-Aug. 1998, Vol.89, No.4, p.334-342. Illus. 16 ref. (In Italian)

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This report presents the results of 232 chronothermometric tests performed on 157 workers exposed to vibrations during the use of different kinds of tools. 75 subjects not exposed to vibrations of the upper arms but with suspected Raynaud's phenomenon were also tested. Chronothermometry enabled the subjects exposed to vibration to be classified into three different subgroups: 61 workers with "normal" chronothermometry, 33 subjects with "pathological" vascular reactivity to cold in some fingers, and 63 workers with such reactivity in all fingers. The 75 patients not exposed to vibrations could also be divided into the same three groups. No statistical difference was found between the chronothermometric results obtained from the exposed and non-exposed subjects when divided into the three subgroups. Topics: diagnosis; fingers; injuries to upper extremities; Raynaud's phenomenon; skin temperature; vascular diseases; vibrating tools; vibration. (74178)

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CIS 99-2039 Thermal characteristics of clothing ensembles for use in heat stress analysis. Barker D.W., Kini S., Bernard T.E., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.32-37. 13 ref. (In English)

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The thermal characteristics of a variety of protective clothing ensembles were determined for application in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standard for required sweat rate, used for the assessment of occupational heat stress. Experiments were carried out using five subjects in four environmental conditions for each ensemble. Metabolic rate, average skin temperature and the environmental conditions were noted at the critical conditions in which subjects were just able to maintain thermal equilibrium. The total insulation was estimated for each ensemble. From these values, the total evaporative resistance and the clothing factors for dry heat exchange and for evaporative cooling were determined. It is suggested that these clothing coefficients can be used in the ISO standard for these clothing ensembles and thus increase the utility of the standard. Topics: comment on standard; energy metabolism; heat load; heat transfer; microclimate; protective clothing; skin temperature; sweat rate. (73983)

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CIS 99-2040 A review of heat stress research with application to forestry. Wästerlund D.S., Applied Ergonomics, June 1998, Vol.29, No.3, p.179-183. Illus. 38 ref. (In English)

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Heat is a work factor faced by many forest workers all over the world, and yet grossly neglected by ergonomic research in forestry. This review of heat stress research which focusses on its applicability in forestry concluded that (a) the accuracy of the two ISO heat stress indices has to be considered in the light of the suggested work load determination methods, (b) dehydration studies are highly desirable for forestry, and (c) a standard research method to determine comfort of protective clothing is required. Further areas reviewed were heat stress studies on self-pacing, work/rest schedules and performance. Topics: conditions of work; dehydration; forestry; heat load; hot workplaces; ISO; literature survey; personal protective equipment; physical performance; thermal comfort; WBGT index; work capacity; work efficiency. (74036)

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CIS 99-2041 Pressurization: Diving into hyperbaric hazards. (French: Mise en pression: plongée dans le risque hyperbare) Gout D., Travail et sécurité, July-Aug. 1999, No.586-587, p.18-31. Illus. (In French)

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Work in conditions of dry hyperbaric pressure. Topics: aircraft industry; barotrauma; caissons; dangerous work; decompression sickness; decompression; diving; hyperbaric oxygen therapy; hyperbaric pressure; information of personnel; nuclear power stations; pressure chamber tests; tunnelling; work aptitude; work in confined spaces; work in pressurized atmosphere. (74122)

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CIS 99-2042 Problems with cold work. Holmér I., Kuklane K., eds., Arbetslivsinstitutet, Förlagstjänst, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1998. 271p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 91-7045-483-3 (In English)

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Topics: body temperature; cold storage; cold stress; cold workplaces; cold; conference; extreme temperatures; falls on the level; frostbite; insulating footwear; manual dexterity; mining industry; mortality; offshore oil extraction; protective clothing; skin temperature; weather protective clothing; work on ice. (74032)

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CIS 99-2043 Exposure to ionizing radiation in the uranium mining industry in the former German Democratic Republic - Final research report. (German: Belastung durch ionisierende Strahlung im Uranerzbergbau der ehemaligen DDR - Abschlussbericht zu einem Forschungsvorhaben) Lehmann F., Hambeck L., Linkert K. H., Lutze H., Meyer H., Reiber H., Reinisch A:, Renner H. J., Seifert T., Wolf F., Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften, Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, Dec. 1998. 484p. Illus. 39 ref., ISBN 3-88383-524-2 (In German)

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The approach to determining past radiation exposure of uranium miners of the former GDR is described and resulting radiation levels listed. For a total of 523 different activities in underground and opencast uranium mining and ore processing exposures to radon daughters, radionuclides with long half-lives and gamma radiation between 1946 to 1990, when the mines were shut down, were determined. Inhalation of radon daughters was found to be the dominant type of radiation exposure in underground mining while inhalation of radionuclides with long half-lives constituted the dominant radiation source in open cast mining. Exposure to gamma radiation was comparatively low although doses of more than 70mSv/year did occur in some instances. Summaries in English, French and Spanish. Topics: uranium; exposure evaluation; gamma radiation; Germany; ionizing radiation; opencast work; radon daughters; underground mining; uranium mining. (74143)

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CIS 99-2044 Acoustical treatment of workplaces - Part one: Technical and regulatory aspects. (French: Traitement acoustique des locaux de travail - Première partie: aspects techniques et réglementaires) Travail et sécurité, May 1997, No.560, p.53-56. Illus. (In French)

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For Part two of this safety data sheet, concerning projects for acoustical treatment of workplaces, see CIS 99-2045. Topics: data sheet; France; legislation; noise level; noise reverberation; noise; sound attenuation; sound propagation; threshold limit values; workplaces. (74048)

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CIS 99-2045 Acoustical treatment of workplaces - Part two: Implementation, examples, approach, bibliography. (French: Traitement acoustique des locaux de travail - Deuxième partie: la réalisation, des exemples, une démarche, une bibliographie) Travail et sécurité, June 1997, No.561, p.53-56. Illus. 16 ref. (In French)

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For Part one of this safety data sheet, concerning the technical and regulatory aspects of acoustical treatment of workplaces, see CIS 99-2044. Topics: case study; data sheet; France; noise level measurement; noise; sound absorbing materials; sound absorption; sound attenuation; workplaces. (74050)

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009 Mechanical hazards, transport

CIS 99-2046 Ergonomic considerations in trucking delivery operations: An evaluation of hand trucks and ramps. Keyserling W.M., Monroe K.A., Woolley C.B., Ulin S.S., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.22-31. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

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Hand forces and working postures were recorded while an experienced driver performed ramp delivery operations using various combinations of hand truck, product load and ramp. Hand forces were reduced by more than 60% when using brake-equipped hand trucks. Brakes also reduced the frictional requirements at the shoe-ramp interface. Frictional requirements were reduced with longer ramps and were lowest for the long ramp with the stepped surface. It was concluded that brakes are a very desirable feature for hand trucks used in ramp delivery operations. A strong conclusion regarding ramp design was not reached. Although the stepped-surface ramp required the lowest friction, the noncontinuous design of its walking surface may create a tripping hazard. Topics: brakes; deliverymen; design of equipment; ergonomic evaluation; friction; hand trucks; hand; loading and unloading equipment; loading ramps; measurement of load on joints; work posture. (73982)

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CIS 99-2047 Elevating or stacking fork-lift industrial transport trucks. (French: Chariots transporteurs, élévateurs ou gerbeurs) Baside J.C., Travail et sécurité, Sep. 1999, No.588, p.27-30. Illus. (In French)

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Topics: accident absenteeism; age-linked differences; causes of accidents; cost of accidents; faulty training; fork-lift trucks; France; frequency rates; in-plant transport; industrial trucks; legislation; lifting truck operators; location of injury; materials handling; overturning; statistics. (74121)

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CIS 99-2048 PUWER '98 - Employers beware, you could be vulnerable. Raafat H., Safety and Health Practitioner, May 1999, Vol.17, No.5, p.34-39. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

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Topics: comment on directive; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; machinery guarding regulations; responsibilities of employers; safety by design; United Kingdom. (73885)

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CIS 99-2049 Fatal and non-fatal injuries from vessels under air pressure in construction. Welch L.S., Weeks J., Hunting K.L., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1999, Vol.41, No.2, p.100-103. 13 ref. (In English)

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Using a surveillance system that captures data on construction workers treated in an urban emergency department, injuries caused by vessels and tools under air pressure were identified. Six cases are described along with similar cases found in the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. Data from the National Surveillance for Traumatic Occupational Fatalities database and from the Bureau of Labour Statistics are also reviewed. Among the injuries and deaths for which there are good case descriptions, the majority would have been prevented by adherence to existing Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards in the construction industry. Topics: air pressure vessels; case study; comment on standard; construction industry; fatalities; injuries; pneumatic tools; safety training in industry. (73973)

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CIS 99-2050 Thermal effects of steel toe caps in footgear. Kuklane K., Geng Q., Holmér I., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.431-438. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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The possible thermal effects of steel toe caps in footwear were investigated. Two models of boots were used, each manufactured in two variants - with and without steel toe caps. Boot insulation was measured with an artificial, heated foot (AHF). Cold exposure consisted of sitting for 60min at -10°C. There were no differences between insulation levels of boots with and without steel cap for one boot model, but the differences were statistically significant for the second model, showing slightly higher insulation values for the boot without steel cap. Significant differences were found for both models regarding the rate of change of heat loss from AHF when its location was changed from warm to cold and back to warm. The rise and decrease of heat loss from AHF depended on the rate of temperature change of the boots. The results showed that a faster change in heat loss from AHF occurred for boots without steel toe caps. The effect may be attributed to the higher mass and heat contents of the boots with steel toe cap. Topics: cold workplaces; exposure evaluation; foot; safety footwear; skin temperature; thermal comfort; toe caps. (73954)

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CIS 99-2051 Updated fall protection for scaffold erectors. Palmer J.A., Occupational Hazards, Oct. 1999, Vol.61, No.10, p.139-146. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: anchoring devices; comment on directive; erection and dismantling; fall arresters; legislation; protection against falls from heights; public OSH institutions; responsibilities of employers; safety and health training; USA. (74069)

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CIS 99-2052 Follow-up investigations of slip, trip and fall accidents among postal delivery workers. Haslam R.A., Bentley T.A., Safety Science, June 1999, Vol.32, No.1, p.33-47. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

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A sample of 40 slip, trip and fall accidents occurring during the delivery of mail were subject to detailed follow-up investigation. Interviews were conducted with accident-involved employees as soon as possible after each incident (mean time between accident and interview was 9.5 days). Interviews were held at the location of the accident and covered the sequence of events and related individual, equipment and organizational aspects. The study took place October-March, reflecting the period when most accidents occur. The majority of accidents involved snow or ice (70%). A combination of slippery conditions, use of footwear with worn tread, and time-saving behaviour was found in 50% of accidents. It is suggested that a second important combination is the presence of tripping hazards and the unsafe practice of preparing mail for the next delivery while walking. Poor lighting was considered a problem in 20% of cases. Other problems identified included deficiencies with training and a low level of safety-related activity by local managers. It is concluded that there are opportunities for intervention that should reduce the frequency of these accidents. Topics: accident investigation; analysis of accident causes; causes of accidents; falls on the level; lighting; outdoor work; postal services; risk factors; slippery floors; snow; unsafe practices. (73913)

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CIS 99-2053 Simple guide to the Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 6p. 9 ref. (In English)

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Topics: comment on law; data sheet; legislation; lifting equipment; lifting of loads; maintenance; marking; responsibilities of employers; role of supervisory staff; safety checks; safety service records; United Kingdom. (73852)

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CIS 99-2054 Safeguarding at horizontal boring machines. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Aug. 1998. 4p. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

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This information note provides guidance on safeguarding of existing horizontal boring machines to comply with the U.K. Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (CIS 99-1429). Topics: boring machines; brakes; data sheet; emergency stop devices; hazard evaluation; information of personnel; legislation; machining; safety by design; safety devices; safety engineering; United Kingdom. (73844)

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CIS 99-2055 Safe use of power-operated cross-cut saws. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1998. 4p. Illus. 9 ref. (In English)

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Topics: circular saws; data sheet; induction training; mechanical hazards; prevention of access; restricted areas; safe working methods; safety devices; travelling cross-cut saws; woodworking industry; woodworking saws. (73847)

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CIS 99-2056 Safe use of manually operated cross-cut saws. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1998. 4p. Illus. 6 ref. (In English)

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Topics: adjustable guards; circular saws; data sheet; fixed guards; hand tools; induction training; maintenance; mechanical hazards; safe working methods; safety by design; safety devices; unsafe practices; woodworking industry; woodworking saws. (73848)

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CIS 99-2057 PUWER 98: Selection of tooling for use with hand-fed woodworking machines. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1998. 4p. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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This information note provides guidance on the selection of woodworking equipment to comply with the U.K. Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (CIS 99-1429). Topics: combination woodworking machines; data sheet; information of personnel; lathes (woodworking); legislation; maintenance; manual feed; mechanical hazards; safe working methods; safety by design; safety devices; United Kingdom; woodworking industry; woodworking machines; woodworking saws. (73849)

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CIS 99-2058 PUWER 98: Retrofitting of braking to woodworking machines. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1998. 4p. 7 ref. (In English)

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This information note provides guidance on the retrofitting of braking systems to comply with the U.K. Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (CIS 99-1429). Topics: brakes; data sheet; deceleration; legislation; mechanical hazards; safe working methods; safety devices; United Kingdom; woodworking industry; woodworking machines. (73850)

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CIS 99-2059 Simple guide to the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1999. 8p. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

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Replaces CIS 98-1614. Topics: comment on law; data sheet; equipment, workplaces and operations; hazard evaluation; legislation; machinery; maintenance; responsibilities of employers; safety checks; safety devices; United Kingdom; warning notices. (73853)

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CIS 99-2060 Electro-sensitive safety devices - Electronic guards. (French: Dispositifs de protection électro-sensibles - Les barrages immatériels) Ciccotelli J., Marsot J., Travail et sécurité, Jan. 1997, No.556, p.53-56. Illus. 7 ref. (In French)

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Topics: data sheet; electronic guards; France; machinery guarding regulations; photoelectric guards; safety devices. (74047)

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010 Biological hazards

CIS 99-2061 Correlation between the prevalence of certain fungi and sick building syndrome. Cooley J.D., Wong W.C., Jumper C.A., Straus D.C., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1998, Vol.55, No.9, p.579-584. Illus. 39 ref. (In English)

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Indoor and outdoor air samples and surface samples were collected at 48 US schools in which there had been concerns about health and indoor air quality. Five fungal genera were consistently found in the outdoor air and comprised over 95% of the outdoor fungi. In more than half of the schools, there were higher concentrations of propagules of Penicillium species in the air samples from complaint areas compared with outdoor air samples and indoor air samples from non-complaint areas. Stachybotrys was isolated from swab samples in 11 schools. Propagules of Penicillium and Stachybotrys species may be associated with sick building syndrome. Topics: air-conditioned premises; allergies; determination in air; educational institutions; fungi; Penicillium moulds; respiratory diseases; sick building syndrome. (73975)

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CIS 99-2062 Review of risks of biological agents and preventive measures to safeguard the health of compost production workers. (Italian: Rassegna dei rischi da agenti biologici e interventi preventivi per la tutela della salute degli addetti agli impianti di produzione del compost) Giubileo L., Sarti A.M., Bianchi L.A., Calcaterra E., Colombi A., Medicina del lavoro, July-Aug. 1998, Vol.89, No.4, p.301-315. 34 ref. (In Italian)

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This review of studies made in the compost production industry shows that the biological agents posing a risk for workers are fungi and thermophilic bacteria, gram-negative bacteria and endotoxins, with a prevalent inhalation exposure to airborne contaminated dusts. Medical examinations revealed cases of extrinsic allergic alveolitis due to A. fumigatus, and, more frequently, irritative and infectious disorders occurring expecially in conditions of poor environmental hygiene and macroscopic dust pollution. Concerning the evaluation of air dispersion of microorganisms, which is high in compost transport and turning operations, there are no exposure limit values for biological agents at present. Technical measures to avoid environmental macroscopic dispersion of dusts should be complemented by measurement of airborne microbiological contaminants. Health surveillance is needed to identify subjects with hypersusceptibility to the infectious action of pathogenetic and/or allergenic agents or with hypersensitivity to these, and for periodic checks of the respiratory system. Topics: bacteria; bacterial toxins; biological hazards; compost; evaluation of control measures; fungi; hazard evaluation; literature survey; respirable dust; threshold limit values. (74177)

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CIS 99-2063 Mortality from dementia in occupations at risk of exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy: Analysis of death registrations. Aylin P., Bunting J., De Stavola B., Coleman M.P., British Medical Journal, Apr. 1999, Vol.318, No.7190, p.1044-1045. 4 ref. (In English)

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Topics: agriculture; bovine spongiform encephalopathy; exposure evaluation; frequency rates; handling of animals; health service records; meat industry; mental illness; mortality; slaughtering; United Kingdom; veterinary services. (73880)

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CIS 99-2064 Prevention of tuberculosis and analysis of its prevalence by the enterprise medical service. (Spanish: Prevención de tuberculosis y análisis de prevalencia en un servicio médico de empresa) Palomero Gil A., Mateo Sancho J.A., de Vega García J.F., Medicina y seguridad del trabajo, 1997, Vol.44, No.175, p.21-26. Illus. 24 ref. (In Spanish)

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The prevalence of tuberculosis among workers in a Spanish enterprise is studied through the application of the tuberculin skin test to a group of young workers from urban areas, a section of the population in which a higher incidence of tuberculosis has been described in past years. Prevalence was found to be 20.1%. This result shows that tuberculosis persists among workers and control measures are limited. Topics: epidemiological aspects; frequency rates; infection control; prophylaxis; Spain; tuberculin test; tuberculosis. (74172)

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CIS 99-2065 Malaria in seafarers - 1. The magnitude of the problem and the strategy of its control. Tomaszunas S., Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1998, Vol.XLIX, No.1/4, p.53-61. 14 ref. (In English)

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Malaria infections among seafarers have been regularly reported from Denmark, Germany, France, Belgium, Italy, Poland, The Netherlands, United Kingdom and other countries. No statistics are available on malaria infections among crews of ships flying "flags of convenience". The estimated number of malaria cases in international seafarers may be between 500 and 1,000 each year, some of which are fatal. In the strategy of malaria prevention in this occupational group, the most important objective is to prevent death caused by severe Plasmodium falciparum infections in which clinical manifestations occur during a ship's voyage, and where diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Protective measures against malaria on ships and the benefits, risks and limitations of chemoprophylaxis are discussed. See also CIS 99-2066. Topics: dimethyl phthalate; diethyltoluamide; drugs; endemic diseases; infection control; information of personnel; malaria; prophylaxis; risk awareness; sea transport; tropical diseases. (73892)

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CIS 99-2066 Malaria in seafarers - 2. The status of malaria in large ports of the world. Protective measures against malaria in crews of ships. Tomaszunas S., Bulletin of the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, 1998, Vol.XLIX, No.1/4, p.63-71. 9 ref. (In English)

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In 1997, information was collected in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) on the status of malaria in large ports of Africa, Asia, and America, the level of endemicity, prevailing Plasmodium species and resistance to antimalarial drugs. Factors determining the risk of infection in seafarers are discussed. The risk for seafarers is different than for other groups of travellers. The strategy of malaria prevention in ship crews should be based on balancing the risk of infection in the visited parts of the tropics with the risk of side effects of antimalarials used for prophylaxis. Five schemes based on different combinations of chemoprophylactic drugs and stand-by treatment for malaria prevention in seafarers are recommended, depending on the geographical areas of the ship's voyage. See also CIS 99-2065. Topics: quinine; chloroquine; pyrimethamine; diagnosis; drugs; endemic diseases; harbours; hazard evaluation; infection control; information of personnel; insecticides; malaria; prophylaxis; sea transport; tropical diseases. (73893)

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CIS 99-2067 Airborne microflora in Quebec dairy farms: Lack of effect of bacterial hay preservatives. Duchaine C., Mériaux A., Brochu G., Cormier Y., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Jan./Feb. 1999, Vol.60, No.1, p.89-95. Illus. 35 ref. (In English)

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Air samples were collected from 19 barns in Quebec using bacterial hay treatment (inoculation of a lactic-acid producing bacterium in hay to prevent deterioration) and from 18 control barns. Airborne contaminants measured included total bacteria, moulds, endotoxins and Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, the causative agent for farmer's lung. Since no significant difference was observed in any of the contaminants in the treated and untreated barns, this type of hay treatment probably does not protect farmers from the respiratory effects of ambient microbial contaminants. Topics: bacterial toxins; dairy farming; determination in air; farmer's lung; hay; microorganisms; moulds. (73988)

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CIS 99-2068 Good practice in incident reporting: It's in the blood. Warwick R., Safety and Health Practitioner, Apr. 1999, Vol.17, No.4, p.24-26. Illus. 5 ref. (In English)

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The U.K. National Blood Service (NBS) which collects, processes, tests and dispatches blood and blood products is required by law to have high standards and to follow "quality" principles. The activities of the NBS are outlined, and the integration of accident and near-miss reporting into the "quality" system principles is described. Topics: biological hazards; blood; health services; immunodeficiency syndrome; infection control; infectious hepatitis; information of personnel; injection injuries; legal aspects; notification of occupational accidents; plant safety and health organization. (73896)

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CIS 99-2069 Compliance with universal precautions in correctional health care facilities. Gershon R.R.M., Karkashian C.D., Vlahov D., Kummer L., Kasting C., Green-McKenzie J., Escamilla-Cejudo J.A., Kendig N., Swetz A., Martin L., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Mar. 1999, Vol.41, No.3, p.181-189. 42 ref. (In English)

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In a cross-sectional study of 216 health care employees working in correctional facilities, 34% reported overall compliance with all 15 items on a compliance scale. Rates for specific items were particularly low for use of certain types of personal protective equipment, such as protective eyewear, face masks and protective clothing. Compliance rates were highest for glove use, waste disposal and sharps disposal. Compliance was positively associated with several work-related variables, including perceived safety climate and job satisfaction, and was inversely associated with security-related work constraints, job/task factors, adverse working conditions, workplace discrimination and perceived work stress. Bloodborne exposures were not uncommon. Infection-control intervention strategies specifically tailored to these health care workers may be most effective in reducing the risk of bloodborne exposures. Topics: cross-sectional study; disposal of harmful waste; health care personnel; infection control; job dissatisfaction; neuropsychic stress; personal protective equipment; physical workload; risk factors; role of management; safe working methods. (74019)

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CIS 99-2070 Occupational hepatitis B virus infection in sewage workers. Arvanitidou M., Constantinidis T.C., Doutsos J., Mandraveli K., Katsouyannopoulos V., Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1998, Vol.89, No.5, p.437-444. 11 ref. (In English)

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In this cross-sectional study the employees of a Greek sewage company were tested for hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers - HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc - to determine the prevalence of HBV infection, assess the risk of exposed sewage workers becoming infected, and to evaluate the necessity for appropriate vaccination. The overall prevalence of HBV markers was 43.9%, and 6.6% of the employees were HBsAg carriers. The prevalence of past and current infection was significantly associated with exposure to sewage, with age, and with educational level, but only exposure to sewage was independently associated with positivity for HBV infection. Workers exposed to sewage should therefore be considered for vaccination against hepatitis B. Topics: antibodies; cross-sectional study; determination in blood; exposure evaluation; exposure tests; immunization; infectious hepatitis; sanitation services; sewage; vaccination; work in sewers. (74184)

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011 Physiology, ergonomics

CIS 99-2071 Experience with the ergonomic design of machines and its effects on strain and risks to operators. (German: Erfahrungen mit ergonomischer Gestaltung von Arbeitsmaschinen und Auswirkungen auf die Belastung und Gefährdung der Fahrer) Bauer M., Homberg F., Bergbau, Jan. 1999, Vol.50, No.1, p.18-22. Illus. 5 ref. (In German)

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The results of ergonomic evaluations of the design of older and newer wheel loaders and power shovels used in handling and transporting coal in mines and storage sites are summarized. Shortcomings in ergonomic design were found in all equipment tested and included the steps leading to and from the operator's cabin as well as the design of the driver's seat, ventilation and air conditioning system, glare protection and illumination. Acceleration measurements of the vibrations on the driver's seat and cabin frame yielded values on the seat double those on the frame, both in older and newer equipment. Improvements carried out as a consequence of the evaluations led to increases in productivity, job satisfaction and motivation of the operators. The number of accidents causing injuries and damage dropped. Topics: coal mining; design of equipment; drivers cabs; drivers seats; ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; glare; lighting; loaders; materials handling; power shovels; ventilation; vibration. (74149)

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CIS 99-2072 Ergonomics in industry - Lighting. (Spanish: Ergonomía en la industria - Iluminación) Gamboa J.I., Protección y seguridad, May-June 1998, Vol.44, No.259, p.35-41. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Topics: artificial lighting; ergonomics; glare; illumination levels; light measurement; lighting; reflection; visual comfort; workplace design; workplaces. (74077)

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CIS 99-2073 WMSDs: Results of assessment of exposure to biomechanical overloads and clinical testing among female workers manually producing plywood panels. (Italian: Movimenti ripetitivi degli arti superiori: risultati della valutazione dell'esposizione a sovraccarico biomeccanico e dell'indagine clinica in un gruppo di lavoratrici addette alla produzione di pannelli di compensato e multistrato in legno (plywood)) Zecchi G., Venturi G., Medicina del lavoro, Sep.-Oct. 1998, Vol.89, No.5, p.412-423. Illus. 10 ref. (In Italian)

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Exposure to biomechanical overload on the upper limbs was assessed in a group of 27 female workers employed in the manual moulding of plywood panels. Anamnesic and clinical examinations were made to clarify the occurrence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Factors producing the greatest overloading were excessive use of strength, awkward postures and movements, especially of the wrist, hand and elbow. Complementary factors included constant compression of the palm of the right hand, tearing movements and the use of gloves. Clinical examinations showed that tendon disorders, including carpal tunnel syndrome, were the most frequent disorders, followed by epicondylitis. Disorders of the shoulder were less frequent. Specific interventions to improve working conditions are necessary, including improvements in tools, job organization, and adequate information and training programmes for workers. Topics: body mechanics; carpal-tunnel syndrome; compression paresis; epicondylitis; ergonomic evaluation; exposure evaluation; muscular strength; musculoskeletal diseases; plywood; repetitive strain injury; risk factors; tendon diseases; upper extremities; women; woodworking industry; work posture. (74182)

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CIS 99-2074 Ergonomic strategies for improving working conditions in some developing countries in Asia. Kawakami T., Batino J.M., Khai T.T., Industrial Health, Apr. 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.187-198. Illus. 33 ref. (In English)

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Recent ergonomic studies in developing countries in Asia have developed and applied measures for assessing local needs in field conditions, including small enterprises and agriculture. Field studies have contributed to improving working conditions of local people in materials handling, workstation design, work organization and work environment. Various non-expert human resources, including local government units, trade unions, industrial associations and agricultural sectors, have been mobilized to act as participatory trainers in action-oriented ergonomic training programmes. Ergonomists have facilitated these local action processes by developing action-oriented training tools such as checklists, good local examples and group work dynamics, and by training local trainers. It was confirmed that a number of ergonomic improvements could be formulated by the self-help initiative of local people when participatory action tools and training are provided. Topics: agriculture; Asia; case study; check lists; conditions of work; developing countries; ergonomic evaluation; ergonomics; role of workers organizations; safety and health training; small enterprises; textile, garment and related trades; welfare facilities; work-rest schedules. (73862)

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CIS 99-2075 Frequent short rest breaks from computer work: Effects on productivity and well-being at two field sites. Henning R.A., Jacques P., Kissel G.V., Sullivan A.B., Alteras-Webb S.M., Ergonomics, Jan. 1997, Vol.40, No.1, p.78-91. Illus. 24 ref. (In English)

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Computer operators at two work sites were prompted to take three 30s and one 3min break from computer work each hour in addition to conventional rest breaks. Some operators were asked to perform stretching exercises during the short breaks. Mood state and musculoskeletal discomfort were assessed at each work site over a 2- or 3-week baseline period and a 4- or 6- week treatment period, respectively. Operator productivity measures were obtained from company records. Operators complied with about half of the added breaks but favoured 3min breaks over 30s breaks. No improvement in productivity or well-being was found at the larger work site. At the smaller work site, productivity, eye, leg and foot comfort all improved when the short breaks included stretching exercises. These results provide evidence that frequent short breaks from continuous computer-mediated work can benefit worker productivity and well-being when the breaks integrate with task demands. Topics: banking and insurance; computer terminals; data processing; musculoskeletal diseases; relaxation exercises; work capacity; work efficiency; workbreaks. (73945)

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CIS 99-2076 Variation in spinal load and trunk dynamics during repeated lifting exertions. Granata K.P., Marras W.S., Davis K.G., Clinical Biomechanics, July 1999, Vol.14, No.6, p.367-375. Illus. 44 ref. (In English)

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Five experienced and seven inexperienced manual materials handlers performed ten repeated lifts at each combination of load weight, task asymmetry and lifting velocity. Box weight, task asymmetry and job experience influenced the magnitude and variability of spinal load during repeated lifting exertions. Surprisingly, experienced subjects demonstrated significantly greater spinal loads and within-subject variability in spinal load than inexperienced subjects. Trial-to-trial variability accounted for 14% of the total variation in compression overall and 32% in lateral shear load. Although the mean spinal load was safely below the NIOSH recommended limit, owing to variability about the mean, more than 20% of the lifts exceeded the recommended limit. Spinal load changed markedly from one exertion to the next despite identical task requirements. Trial-to-trial variability in kinematics, kinetics, and spinal load were influenced by workplace factors. Topics: back disorders; backache; body mechanics; electromyography; individual susceptibility; inexperience; manual lifting; mathematical models; measurement of load on muscles; physical workload; spinal column; velocity of movement. (73949)

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CIS 99-2077 Three-dimensional motion analysis of upper limb movement in the bowing arm of string-playing musicians. Turner-Stokes L., Reid K., Clinical Biomechanics, July 1999, Vol.14, No.6, p.426-433. Illus. 14 ref. (In English)

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A protocol was developed for analysis of bowing arm movements using a motion analysis system which included definition of marker sites, positioning of the musician within the calibrated area and standardized bowing sequences. This protocol was then used to determine whether the system was sensitive to differences between instrument types and to variation in bowing style and technique between individual players. The ranges of movement in the shoulder, elbow and wrist were compared among instrument groups in a cohort of 39 asymptomatic string players. The system gave reproducible results on repeated testing, and demonstrated clear differences between instruments, as well as stylistic differences between players. Range of shoulder movement increased progressively towards the upper register of the cello and decreased on the violin. Maximum elevation of the shoulder was significantly greater on the cello, while elbow flexion, and therefore range, was consistently greater on the violin. The increased range of shouldermovement in the upper register of the cello may contribute to the greater prevalence of neck and shoulder symptoms among cellists. Topics: elbow; ergonomic evaluation; motion study; musculoskeletal diseases; musicians; posture recording; shoulder; upper extremity disorders. (73950)

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CIS 99-2078 A comparison of sitting posture adaptations of pregnant and non-pregnant females. Lee Y.H., Her L.L., Tsuang Y.H., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.391-396. Illus. 14 ref. (In English)

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The postural differences between seated pregnant and non-pregnant women were studied, and the effects of various sitting workstation designs were assessed. Five pregnant and five non-pregnant women participated in this study. The experimental variables were the table-chair-vertical-distance and the seat-inclination-angle. The seated working postures of the last 10min of a 50min sitting session were videotaped and analyzed using a 2D motion analysis system. Postural differences were observed between the pregnant and non-pregnant groups which may be attributed to the changes and/or mechanisms associated with pregnancy. The increased size of the abdomen requires more room in front of the body; in the pregnant women this was obtained by holding the upper-arm further from the body, inclining the upper trunk more anterior, and extending the hip more. A seat with a sloping angle of 10° was found to reduce the biomechanical loading on the lower back and in subjective ratings from both groups, was preferred over the other seat angles. Topics: anthropometry; comfort assessment; expectant mothers; posture recording; seats; sitting posture; tables; upper extremities; women; workplace design. (73951)

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CIS 99-2079 The effect of vibration on psychophysically derived work frequencies for a riveting task. Fredericks T.K., Fernandez J.E., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.415-429. Illus. 24 ref. (In English)

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A laboratory experiment was conducted to determine maximum acceptable task frequencies (MAF) for males performing a simulated riveting task at different wrist postures and applied force levels using an operational rivet gun. Twelve healthy males from a university population served as subjects. Results indicated that MAF decreased significantly with a deviation in wrist posture and an increase in applied force. These results were supported by various physiological variables and ratings of perceived exertion. It was also determined that decrements in MAF due to vibration were 36% while decrements due to wrist posture were 19%. This would indicate that vibration, as a risk factor in the development of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, is of more concern than wrist posture. Implications of the findings are discussed. Topics: grip strength; hand-arm vibration; human experiments; musculoskeletal diseases; repetitive strain injury; riveting; speed of work; upper extremities; vibrating tools; vibration measurement; vibration; work posture; wrist. (73953)

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CIS 99-2080 Kinematic analysis of footstep strategies in asymmetrical lifting and lowering tasks. Delisle A., Gagnon M., Desjardins P., International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, Mar. 1999, Vol.23, No.5-6, p.451-460. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

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Two footstep strategies associated with expert workers and two associated with novice workers were studied for lifting and lowering a 12kg box. Kinematic variables, L5/S1 resultant moments and body postures of eight healthy male subjects were used to analyse the effects of the footstep strategies. A tridimensional dynamic rigid body model was used to estimate L5/S1 resultant moment, using inertial forces to estimate external forces. Results showed that expert strategies either reduced the path of the subject's centre of gravity or reduced the asymmetry of posture at deposit. The footstep strategies showed no consistent effect on L5/S1 resultant moment. The use of different footstep strategies might be aimed at different goals, which may depend on the context. On the one hand, the reduction in the path of the subject's centre ofgravity might represent a mean to reduce the effort required and avoid fatigue, which might be appropriate in some circumstances. On the other hand, the reduction of asymmetry of posture at deposit might be more appropriate in other circumstances. Topics: body mechanics; box handling; coordination of movements; ergonomic evaluation; fatigue; foot; manual lifting; motion study; repetitive strain injury; standing posture. (73955)

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CIS 99-2081 Effect of keyboard keyswitch design on hand pain. Rempel D., Tittiranonda P., Burastero S., Hudes M., So Y., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1999, Vol.41, No.2, p.111-119. 36 ref. (In English)

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Twenty computer users who had reported hand or wrist symptoms of paresthesia were randomly assigned to two keyboards of conventional layout but differing in the force-displacement characteristics of the keys. During a 12-week period, use of keyboard A led to a reduction in hand pain and an improved physical examination finding compared with keyboard B. There was no corresponding improvement in hand function or median nerve latency. Topics: carpal-tunnel syndrome; design of equipment; ergonomics; hand; keyboard operations; musculoskeletal diseases; nervous conduction; paresis; wrist. (73974)

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CIS 99-2082 Does your ergonomics program need a tune-up?. Wynn M., Occupational Hazards, Oct. 1999, Vol.61, No.10, p.117-122. Illus. (In English)

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Check list and discussion to enable evaluation of a company's ergonomics programme. Topics: check lists; ergonomics; hazard evaluation; medical supervision; musculoskeletal diseases; programme evaluation; role of supervisory staff; safety and health training; safety and productivity; work organization; workers participation. (74067)

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CIS 99-2083 Ergonomics in industry - Two cases of implementation. (Spanish: Ergonomía en la industria - Dos casos de implementación) Gamboa J.I., Protección y seguridad, Jan.-Feb. 1998, Vol.44, No.257, p.23-28. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Topics: automation; case study; Colombia; electronics industry; ergonomics; housekeeping; lighting; noise; protective gloves; sound attenuation; work efficiency; work organization; workplace design. (74076)

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CIS 99-2084 Too tired to stay alert. McPherson G., Safety and Health Practitioner, May 1999, Vol.17, No.5, p.16-18. Illus. 5 ref. (In English)

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The offshore environment is a dangerous home to workers who may, for half their lives, work 12-hour shifts for up to 14 consecutive days. Their particular job and lifestyle is designed to be repetitive but this habitual life can lead to fatigue which has been cited as a cause of a significant number of accidents offshore. Research into fatigue within this specific occupational community indicates the extent to which alertness is affected by fatigue. The results have implications for those working in a wider field. Topics: conditions of work; fatigue; offshore oil extraction; relaxed vigilance; shift work; work time schedules. (73882)

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CIS 99-2085 Use of NIOSH equation inputs to calculate lumbosacral compression forces. Potvin J.R., Ergonomics, July 1997, Vol.40, No.7, p.691-707. Illus. 32 ref. (In English)

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Regression-based models that use NIOSH lifting equation H and V values to accurately calculate L5/S1 compression forces during symmetrical load-bearing tasks were developed. Results from a linked-segment, biomechanical model were used as the criterion. Twenty-two subjects performed movements through a wide range of postures in the sagittal plane. MODEL1 used regression equations to calculate the moment arm from the load, and the upper body centre of mass, to the L5/S1 joint. These lengths were subsequently used in a biomechanical model to calculate the jointcompression force. MODEL2 predicted compression force directly with one equation using the same inputs as MODEL1. The results were slightly improved for both models when applied to the validation subject data. Regression models were also developed to estimate the maximum and minimum expected trunk angles for all possible H and V combinations so that "worst case" scenarios could be evaluated for given load positions. Topics: backache; body mechanics; lumbar column; manual handling; manual lifting; mathematical models; posture recording. (73894)

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CIS 99-2086 Assessment of physical work load in epidemiologic studies: Common measurement metrics for exposure assessment. Wells R., Norman R., Neumann P., Andrews D., Frank J., Shannon H., Kerr M., Ergonomics, Jan. 1997, Vol.40, No.1, p.51-61. Illus. 34 ref. (In English)

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There are many possible means of determining physical workload exposure, ranging from self-reports to measures of muscle activations and estimated spinal loads. In epidemiologic studies, issues of validity make instrumented measures preferable. However, cost and practicability tend to force investigators to use less costly but less valid and less reliable measures of exposure, such as self-report questionnaires. A method is described in which estimates of exposure from self-report questionnaires, expert observers, work sampling, video analysis and electromyograms can be reported in a common metric, Newtons of force on a tissue. As an example of its application, the spinal compression on auto workers is estimated. A common metric allows a flexible approach to selection of measurement methods in occupational settings: no matter which instrument is used the results can be combined to provide an overall picture of exposure. This approach to exposure assessment for the low back allows for comparability across studies and settings. Topics: back disorders; backache; electromyography; epidemiology; exposure evaluation; lumbar column; motor vehicle industry; physical workload; posture recording; risk factors; subjective assessment; workload assessment. (73944)

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CIS 99-2087 The impact of workplace screening on the occurrence of cumulative trauma disorders and workers' compensation claims. Melhorn J.M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1999, Vol.41, No.2, p.84-92. 71 ref. (In English)

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A prospective cohort study of 82 employees in a financial institution demonstrated that there was no increase in the number of reportable cumulative trauma disorders and no increase in the incidence of workers' compensation claims after completion of an individual risk screening programme that included education and employee awareness about work-related musculoskeletal pain. Incidence of cumulative trauma disorders has been most effectively reduced by use of individual risk-screening programmes. Employers should be encouraged to develop and implement programmes that include individual risk screening. Topics: cohort study; health programmes; individual susceptibility; information of personnel; repetitive strain injury; risk awareness; workmen's compensation. (73972)

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CIS 99-2088 Lumbar supports and education for the prevention of low back pain in industry - A randomized controlled trial. van Poppel M.N.M., Koes B.W., van der Ploeg T., Smid T., Bouter L.M., Journal of the American Medical Association, 10 June 1998, Vol.279, No.22, p.1789-1794, 1826-1828. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Low-back pain is a costly and often seriously disabling condition that affects industry in all countries. Low-back injuries are a major industrial cause of disability in the United States with 2% of the workforce incurring back injuries each year. Back injuries are the most expensive health care problem for the 30- to 50-year-old age group and are the leading cause of disability in the United States for persons younger than 45 years. Each year, 15% to 20% of the US population experiences back problems. The total cost to industry that results from low-back pain was estimated to be between USD 26.8 billion and 56 billion in 1988. Strategies to improve prevention of back injuries in the workplace are therefore an important public health issue. Topics: air transport; back belts; backache; evaluation of control measures; information of personnel; lumbar column; manual handling; manual lifting; muscular strength; Netherlands; sickness absenteeism. (73991)

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CIS 99-2089 Work environment and low back pain: The influence of occupational activities. Xu Y., Bach E., Ørhede E., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Oct. 1997, Vol.54, No.10, p.741-745. 35 ref. (In English)

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In a study of a random sample of 5,185 Danish employees, increased risks of low back pain were found for vibration affecting the whole body, physically hard work, frequent twisting or bending, standing up and concentration demands. The one year period prevalence increased with increasing exposure time during the working day to each of the risk factors. The associations seemed to be stronger in a subset of subjects who worked for 37 hours or more per week. Topics: backache; bending posture; cross-sectional study; dose-response relationship; heavy work; risk factors; standing posture; whole-body vibration. (74004)

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CIS 99-2090 Managing fatigue in transportation. Hartley L., ed., Elsevier Science Limited, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, United Kingdom, 1998. xv, 458p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: NLG 227.00, USD 130.50., ISBN 0-08-043357-X (In English)

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Topics: alcohol consumption and accidents; circadian rhythm; cognitive performance; conference; drivers; fatigue; legislation; perceptual-motor performance; road transport; safety rules; sea transport; shift work; sleep; taxis; transport industry; work time schedules. (74037)

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CIS 99-2091 Work-related back ache - How to prevent it. (French: Rachialgies en milieu professionnel - Quelles voies de prévention?) Bourgeois P., Charlot J., Derriennic F., Lebrun T., Leclerc A., Meyer J.P., D'Houtaud A., Phelip X., Les éditions INSERM, 101 rue de Tolbiac, 75013 Paris, France, 1995. 193p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: FRF 170.00., ISBN 2-85598-654-0 (In French)

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Topics: back disorders; backache; epidemiological aspects; ergonomics; literature survey; lumbar column; risk factors; safety and health training; social aspects; spinal column; work posture. (74180)

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012 Stress, psychosocial factors

CIS 99-2092 Special issue: Occupational stress. Sudo A., Saito S., Haratani T., eds., Industrial Health, Apr. 1999, Vol.37, No.2, p.121-270. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

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Topics: comment on standard; ergonomics; fatigue assessment; man-computer interfaces; mental health; mental stress; mental workload; nervous fatigue; neuropsychic stress; nursing personnel; occupational psychology; psychosomatic disorders; shift work; sickness absenteeism; social aspects; stress factors; stress studies; urine monitoring; women; work design. (73861)

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CIS 99-2093 Practices of external providers of employee assistance programs in Australia. Kirk A., Brown D., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 1999, Vol.15, No.3, p.211-218. Illus. 15 ref. (In English)

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The 1990s have witnessed the growth of employee assistance programs (EAPs), many of which are provided externally. Members of the Employee Assistance Professionals Association of Australia were surveyed to investigate current practices of external EAP providers. The results indicate that, while many external providers reported the need to integrate EAPs within the organization's safety and health management strategy, few had developed mechanisms to implement such a strategy and their primary function remains the provision of counselling for employees and their families. Topics: Australia; human relations; plant health organization; programme evaluation; psychological and psychiatric services; questionnaire survey; safety consultants. (73901)

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CIS 99-2094 Illusory correlation: Is work stress really worse in the public sector?. Dollard M., Walsh C., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 1999, Vol.15, No.3, p.219-229. 50 ref. (In English)

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South Australian statistics reveal higher numbers of stress claims for public sector workers compared with those for private sector workers, yet time lost and average cost per claim in the private sector exceed that in the public sector. Factors which may be contributing to these significant differences in leave patterns between the sectors are investigated. Specifically, the culture and philosophy of the sector, the intrinsic stressfulness of the sector, the role of the media, unions, management and legislation, and techniques for the collection and management of data are all canvassed for their possible contribution in areas such as early identification, reporting and return-to-work processes. Topics: Australia; economic aspects; government services; legal aspects; neuropsychic stress; notification of accidents and diseases; psychology of absenteeism; questionnaire survey; role of workers organizations; social aspects; stress factors. (73902)

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CIS 99-2095 Long-term evaluation of a behavior-based method for improving safety performance: A meta-analysis of 73 interrupted time-series replications. Krause T.R., Seymour K.J., Sloat K.C.M., Safety Science, June 1999, Vol.32, No.1, p.1-18. Illus. 30 ref. (In English)

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An employee-driven behaviour-based accident prevention initiative implemented in industrial settings was evaluated. Up to five years of injury data from 73 companies, drawn from a target population of 229 companies who implemented behaviour-based safety, were examined. Comparisons of pre- to post-initiative incident levels across groups revealed a significant decrease in incidents following the behaviour-based safety implementation. Effect sizes were estimated from the average percentage reduction from baseline. The average reduction from baseline amounted to 26% in the first year increasing to 69% by the fifth. Findings are critically examined and future research areas are outlined. Topics: human behaviour; implementation of control measures; long-term study; manufacturing industries; petroleum and natural gas industry; programme evaluation; safety programmes; workers participation. (73911)

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CIS 99-2096 Preventing workplace violence. Keith N.A., Accident Prevention, Mar.-Apr. 1999, Vol.46, No.2, p.14-15. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: hazard evaluation; human factors; human relations; information of personnel; neuropsychic stress; psychological effects; risk factors; safety programmes; violence. (73946)

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CIS 99-2097 Impact of traumatic events and organizational response: A study of bank robberies. Miller-Burke J., Attridge M., Fass P.M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Feb. 1999, Vol.41, No.2, p.73-83. 28 ref. (In English)

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A retrospective self-report methodology and mailed survey were used with 141 employees of 42 different bank branches that had recently been robbed. Most employees had multiple negative consequences from experiencing a bank robbery while at work. Psychological, physical, work and personal areas were all affected. Furthermore, more threatening incidents were associated with more severe consequences. Critical incident stress debriefing interventions delivered after robbery were rated as helpful by 78% of employees who attended. The implications for health care providers and organizations are discussed. Topics: banking and insurance; human relations; neuropsychic stress; psychological and psychiatric services; psychological effects; risk factors; sleep disturbances; state of health; theft; traumatic neurosis; violence; work efficiency. (73971)

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CIS 99-2098 Solving the problem of repeat injuries. Brown B., Occupational Hazards, Sep. 1999, Vol.61, No.9, p.50-54. Illus. (In English)

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Topics: accident proneness; analysis of accident causes; causes of accidents; human behaviour; human factors; role of supervisory staff; safety and health training. (74062)

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CIS 99-2099 The safety interview. Hartshorn D., Occupational Hazards, Oct. 1999, Vol.61, No.10, p.107-112. Illus. (In English)

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Questions and discussion intended to evaluate attitudes to safety. Can be used for job application interviews or for discussions during safety meetings. Topics: attitude towards accidents; human behaviour; new entrants; occupational safety; responsibilities of employees; responsibilities of employers; safety consciousness; work efficiency. (74066)

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CIS 99-2100 The human factor in safety and environmental protection. (Spanish: El factor humano en seguridad y preservación del ambiente) Grigera T.E., Protección y seguridad, May-June 1998, Vol.44, No.259, p.42-47. Illus. (In Spanish)

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Topics: analysis of accident causes; degree of skill; human behaviour; human factors; human failure; plant safety and health organization; psychology of accident prevention. (74078)

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Page generated from the CISDOC database. Date: 16.06.19.