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ILO-CIS Bulletin 1997/02

CIS 97-351 --- CIS 97-710

Laws, regulations, directives
Chemical data sheets and criteria documents
Training materials and practical information
Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals
   001 General safety, health and conditions of work
   002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology
   003 Industries and occupations
   004 New technologies
   005 Chemical safety
   006 Fires, explosions and major hazards
   007 Electrical safety
   008 Physical hazards
   009 Mechanical hazards, transport
   010 Biological hazards
   011 Physiology, ergonomics
   012 Stress, psychosocial factors


Laws, regulations, directives

CIS 97-351 Health and Safety at Work Act 1996 [Fiji]. Government Printer, Suva, Fiji, 1996. 43p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.labour.gov.fj/laws/HASAWA1996.pdf
http://www.paclii.org/fj/legis/num_act/hasawa1996237/
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0351.pdf

The purpose of this Act is to reform the Law relating to the health and safety of workers, and other people at work or affected by the work of other people. There are 12 parts: preliminary (application and definitions); general duties relating to occupational health and safety (OHS) (duties of employers and others); workplace arrangements (health and safety representatives and committees); OHS statistics (notification of accidents and other matters); establishment of the OHS Education and Accident Prevention Fund; functions and powers of the National OHS Advisory Board; functions and powers of inspectors; inspections and notices; assessment and control of chemicals; associated OHS legislation; regulations and codes of practice; and offences, penalties and legal proceedings. The provisions of this Act were phased in over a period of about 18 months. Its administration provisions came into effect on 1 Nov. 1996 and provided for the enforcement provisions to come into force on 1 Nov. 1997. The provisions of the 1971 Factories Act (CIS 90-353), the Petroleum Act, the Pesticides Act, the Ionising Radiations Act and the regulations and orders made under them were phased out (repealed) during the 5 years following the commencement of this Act. (68796)

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CIS 97-352 Law to enact the EU framework directive and further directives on occupational health and safety [Germany]. (German: Gesetz zur Umsetzung der EG-Rahmenrichtlinie Arbeitsschutz und weiterer Arbeitsschutz-Richtlinien) Bundesarbeitsblatt, Oct. 1996, No.10, p.81-86. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0352.pdf

This law, which implements in Germany the EU directives 89/391/EEC (CIS 89-1401) and 91/383/EEC (CIS 92-6) on measures to improve occupational safety and health, came into effect on 7 August 1996. It spells out the responsibilities of employers with regard to plant safety and health organization and supervision as well as the relevant rights and responsibilities of workers. (68910)

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CIS 97-353 Royal Decree of 17 Jan. 1997 approving the Regulation on Safety and Health Services [Spain]. (Spanish: Real Decreto 39/1997, de 17 de enero, por el que se aprueba el reglamento de los Servicios de Prevención [España]) Boletín Oficial del Estado, 31 Jan. 1997, No.27, p.3031-3045. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0353.pdf

This Decree (effective 31 Mar. 1997) approves new regulations on occupational safety and health services introduced in the spirit of the Act of 8 Nov. 1995 on the prevention of occupational hazards (CIS 95-1921). Contents: general prevention measures (integration of prevention activities into regular work activities, enterprise safety activities); hazard evaluation and planning of preventive action; organization of resources for preventive action; certification of outside organizations specialized in safety services; safety auditing; safety qualification functions and levels; collaboration of safety services with the National Health System. In annex: list of dangerous activities; notification of conditions that do not require a safety audit; general criteria for the establishment of training projects and programmes at the elementary, intermediate and advanced level; minimum contents for training programmes at different levels. (68705)

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CIS 97-354 Reporting occupational injury and illness data to OSHA: Final rule [USA]. Department of Labor - Occupational Safety and Health Administrattion (OSHA), Federal Register, 11 Feb. 1997, Vol.62, No.28, p.6434-6442. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0354.pdf

This regulation came into effect on 13 Mar. 1997. It amends existing regulations requiring employers to report information to OSHA contained in records that they have been required to create and maintain. It clarifies OSHA's authority to collect establishment-specific data by mail for use in agency self-evaluation, deployment of agency resources, periodic reassessment of existing regulations and standards, and rulemaking. Extensive discussion of the background to the regulation. (68710)

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CIS 97-355 Health and Safety - The Health and Safety (Consultation with Employees) Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 7p. Price: GBP 1.95., ISBN 0-11-054839-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0355.pdf

These Regulations (entry into force 1 Oct. 1996) provide for further implementation in Great Britain of Directive 89/391/EEC (see CIS 89-1401). They require employers to consult either their employees directly or representatives elected by their employees where there are employees not represented by safety representatives appointed by trade unions. Contents: duty of an employer to consult; persons to be consulted; duty of employer to provide information; functions of safety representatives; training, time off and facilities for safety representatives and time off for candidates. Schedules cover pay for time off and provisions as to industrial tribunals. (68746)

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CIS 97-356 Federal Regulation on Occupational Safety and Health and on the Working Environment [Mexico]. (Spanish: Reglamento federal de seguridad, higiene y medio ambiente de trabajo [México]) Secretaría del Trabajo y Previsión Social, Diario Oficial de la Federación, 21 Jan. 1997, Vol. 520, No.14, p.30-52. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0356.pdf

These new general regulations on OSH came into effect (except for parts of Title II) on 21 Apr. 1997. They cover: I - General OSH measures: definitions; responsibilities of employers and employees; scope and role of Standards issued by the Secretaría; research, authorization, evaluation and advisory activities of the Secretaría. II - Safety requirements in the workplace: buildings and workplaces; fire prevention and protection; equipment, machinery, pressure vessels, steam generators; electrical installations; tools; handling, transportation and storage of materials in general, and of dangerous chemical substances in particular. III - Occupational hygiene: noise and vibration; ionizing and non-ionizing radiation; biological hazards; work in abnormal air pressure; work under abnormal thermal conditions; lighting; ventilation; personal protective equipment; ergonomic considerations; welfare facilities; order and cleanliness. IV - Safety and health organization in the workplace: generalities; safety and health committees; notification of and statistics on occupational accidents and diseases; OSH programmes in the workplace; OSH training; preventive activity in occupational medicine and in OSH. V - Protection of minors and of pregnant and nursing women. VI - Enforcement, inspection and administrative sanctions. Several Regulations, including the 1978 General Regulations on Safety and Health are abrogated. (68782)

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CIS 97-357 Occupational hazards - Establishment of minimal measures in the area of occupational health and safety [Argentina]. (Spanish: Riesgos del trabajo: Establécense medidas mínimas en materia de higiene y seguridad en el trabajo [Argentina]) Superintendencia de Riesgos del Trabajo, Boletín Oficial de la República Argentina, 15 Apr. 1996, Year 104, No.28,374, p.4-7. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0357.pdf

This Resolution by the national occupational hazards inspection service of Argentina requires employers to draw up a plan for workplace improvement within 20 days from the signature of the first workplace improvement plan. The following protection measures are to be foreseen for workers (when the nature of the work requires it): provision of appropriate work clothes; provision of protective equipment; information on hazards. Basic welfare facilities are also to be provided. Annex 1: list of basic obligations comprising the "first line of defence in the matter of OSH", classified under: I - Safety requirements: tools; machines; work areas; fire protection; storage; storage of dangerous materials; electrical hazards; pressure vessels; personal protective equipment. II - The workplace: lighting; thermal conditions; ionizing and non-ionizing radiation; drinking water; hygienic facilities; lifting equipment. III - Miscellaneous: training of workers; first aid; vehicles. Annex 2: self-evaluation check list for OSH conditions in an enterprise. (68784)

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CIS 97-358 Council Directive 94/45/EC of 22 Sep. 1994 on the establishment of a European Works Council or a procedure in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of undertakings for the purposes of informing and consulting employees [European Communities]. (French: Dir. 94/45/CE du Conseil du 22.9.94 concernant l'institution d'un comité d'entreprise européen ou d'une procédure dans les entreprises et les groupes d'entreprises en vue d'informer et de consulter les travailleurs [Communautés européennes]) Official Journal of the European Communities - Journal officiel des Communautés européennes, 30 Sep. 1994, No.L 254, p.64-72. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0358en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0358fr.pdf

The purpose of this European Community (EC) Directive is to improve the right of employees in EC-scale undertakings or groups of undertakings to information and consultation with regard to their working conditions. Enterprises covered by the Directive (defined as those with >1,000 employees within the Member States, and >150 employees in each of at least two Member States) have the responsibility to set up a European Works Council (EWC), or a procedure for the information and consultation of their employees. Provisions are also made for the setting up of special negotiating bodies charged with the details of the establishment of the EWC, and for the contents of the agreement to be reached for satisfying this Directive. Member States of the EC have to implement this Directive into their own legislation by 22 Sep. 1996. In annex: exact requirements of the EWC. (68786)

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CIS 97-359 Decree No.96-206 of 7 March 1996 concerning Committees of Occupational Health and Safety and Working Conditions [Côte d'Ivoire]. (French: Décret n°96-206 du 7 mars 1996 relatif au comité d'hygiène, de sécurité et des conditions de travail [Côte d'Ivoire]) Journal officiel de la République de Côte d'Ivoire, 9 May 1996, 38th Year, No.19, p.442-444. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0359.pdf

This Decree provides for the establishment of a Committee of Occupational Health and Safety and Working Conditions, consisting of the enterprise physician(s) and of representatives of the employer and the workers, in all enterprises with more than 50 workers. (68789)

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CIS 97-360 Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Amendment) Ordinance 1996 [Hong Kong]. Hong Kong Government Gazette, 19 July 1996, Vol.CXXXVIII, No.29, Supplement, p.A714-A721. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0360.pdf

This amendment to the Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance 1996 concerns the issue of improvement notices to proprietors contravening one or more provisions of the Ordinance, and the issue of suspension notices to proprietors considered to be carrying on a dangerous activity. The procedure for serving these notices, and offences and penalties for proprietors failing to comply with the terms of a notice are specified. (68799)

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CIS 97-361 Regulation No.393 of 9 Apr. 1996 [Brazil]. (Portuguese: Portaria N°393, de 9 de Abril de 1996) Diário Oficial, 10 Apr. 1996, Year 134, Section I, No.69, p.5866-5867. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0361.pdf

This Regulation (effective 10 Apr. 1996) introduces the idea of tripartite (government, workers, employers) participation into the process of Brazilian occupational safety and health legislation. The Secretariat for Safety and Health at Work (SSST) shall establish and coordinate a Joint Permanent Tripartite Commission (Comissão Tripartite Paritária Permanente, CTPP), whose task will be the definition of priority subjects and the making of proposals for new or revised legislation affecting OSH. This Commission shall set up technical groups and tripartite working groups to achieve its aims. (68703)

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CIS 97-362 Health and Safety - The Health and Safety (Young Persons) Regulations 1997 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1997. 6p. Price: GBP 1.55., ISBN 0-11-063660-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0362.pdf

These regulations (effective 3 March 1997) give effect in Great Britain to certain provisions of Council Directive 94/33/EC (CIS 94-1810). In particular, employers are required to comply with requirements of risk assessment and information for employees with respect to young workers. Certain other provisions relating to the protection of young persons are also introduced. (68701)

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CIS 97-363 Canada Occupational Safety and Health Regulations, amendment [Canada]. (French: Règlement canadien sur la sécurité et la santé au travail - Modification [Canada]) Canada Gazette - Gazette du Canada, 25 Dec. 1996, Vol.130, No.26, p.3307-3314. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0363.pdf

These Regulations came into force on 5 Dec. 1996. They oblige employers to make special provisions for the protection of disabled (handicapped) workers, e.g. by providing information in braille, sign language, large print etc. Barriers, guardrails and warning signs must be evident to disabled workers. Monitors must be appointed to assist persons in need of special assistance in case of emergencies. (68709)

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CIS 97-364 Health and Safety - The Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 22p. Price: GBP 4.15., ISBN 0-11-035904-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1996/Uksi_19961592_en_1.htm
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0364.pdf

These Regulations (entry into force 2 Sep. 1996) replace the Construction (General Provisions) Regulations 1961, the Construction (Health and Welfare) Regulations 1966, and the Construction (Working Places) Regulations 1966. They give effect to certain provisions of Directive 92/57/EEC (see CIS 93-1062). Contents: persons with duties under these Regulations; safe places of work; prevention of falls and falling objects; stability of structures; safety during demolition or dismantling, use of explosives, and excavations; prevention of drowning; safety of traffic routes, doors, gates and vehicles; emergency routes and procedures; fire detection and fire fighting; welfare facilities; fresh air; temperature and weather protection; lighting; good order; plant and equipment; training; inspection. Schedules cover requirements for equipment and welfare facilities. (68747)

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CIS 97-365 Order of 3 April 1996 concerning the minimum safety and health requirements at temporary or mobile construction sites [Portugal]. (Portuguese: [p]rescrições mínimas de segurança e de saúde nos locais e postos de trabalho dos estaleiros temporários ou móveis) Diário da República, 3 Apr. 1996, Series I-B, No.80, p.703-706. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0365.pdf

Implementation in Portugal of Directive 92/57/EEC (CIS 93-1062) on the same subject. It covers: stability and solidity of materials and equipment; energy distribution installations; emergency exits; fire detection and protection; ventilation; exposure to physical and chemical contaminants; falls of objects and persons; use of tools and equipment; temperature, lighting; walking surfaces; windows; doors; passageways; danger zones; first-aid installations; welfare facilities. (68785)

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CIS 97-366 Orders of 6 and 13 Dec. 1996 concerning the application of Articles 13, 16 and 32 of Decree No.96-98 of 7 Feb. 1996 relating to the protection of workers against the risks of inhaling asbestos dust ... [France]. (French: Arrêté[s] du 6 et 13.12 1996 portant application [des articles 13, 16 et 32] du décret n°96-98 du 7.2.1996 relatif à la protection des travailleurs contre les risques liés à l'inhalation des poussières d'amiante...[France]) Bulletin officiel du Ministère du travail et des Affaires sociales, 1997, No.97/1, p.137-147. Also in: Journal officiel, 1 Jan. 1997. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0366.pdf

These Orders implement certain paragraphs of Decree No.96-98 of 7 Feb. 1996 (see CIS 96-1543). The first Order relates to the model form to be filled out by employers and occupational physicians to certify a case of exposure to asbestos. The second Order presents the recommendations and technical advice for occupational physicians in order that workers potentially exposed to asbestos may receive appropriate medical surveillance. (68708)

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CIS 97-367 Health and Safety - The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) (Amendment) Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 10p. Price: GBP 2.80., ISBN 0-11-054570-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0367.pdf

These Regulations amend the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 1994 (see CIS 95-23). They implement parts of Directives 94/60/EC (CIS 95-807), 67/769/EEC, 94/69/EC (CIS 95-809), and 67/548/EC (CIS 92-23). Includes a list of substances requiring an additional labelling phrase. (68745)

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CIS 97-368 Regulations on the control of inhalable substances [Costa Rica]. (Spanish: Reglamento sobre el control de productos inhalantes [Costa Rica]) La Gaceta - Diario Oficial (Costa Rica), 27 May 1996, 118th Year, No.100, p.2-3. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0368.pdf

This Decree (effective on publication) introduces the regulation controlling inhalable dangerous substances. It prohibits the sale or supply of such substances to minors or the mentally incompetent. All such substances have to be appropriately labelled. All those who sell, import, manufacture, store or distribute substances that can be inhaled by addicts must register with the appropriate authority (part of the Ministry of Health), and may not employ minors, mentally incompetent persons and drug addicts. Manufacturing of such products is permitted only when no substitutes exist. The use of these products is prohibited if their characteristics cause unsafe working conditions. When they are used, workplaces must satisfy certain minimum safety criteria. (68788)

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CIS 97-369 Health and Safety - The Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 40p. Price: GBP 6.50., ISBN 0-11-062919-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0369.pdf

These Regulations impose requirements and prohibitions in relation to the carriage of dangerous goods by rail in a container, package, tank container, tank wagon or wagon. They implement Council Directive 96/49/EC. Contents: interpretation and application of the Regulations; Approved Carriage List and other approved documents; mode of carriage (suitability of containers, packages, tank containers, tank wagons and wagons, and examination, testing and certification of tanks); supply and display of information relating to dangerous goods; loading and unloading; security and other safety measures and emergency arrangements; special requirements concerning the carriage of explosives; prohibition on carriage of temperature controlled substances. Replaces the 1994 Regulations (CIS 94-1466). (68792)

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CIS 97-370 Health and Safety - The Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (Driver Training) Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 15p. Price: GBP 3.20., ISBN 0-11-062928-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0370.pdf

These Regulations impose duties on the operator and driver of a vehicle carrying dangerous goods with respect to the provision of instruction and training to the driver of the vehicle concerned. They re-enact, with modifications, the Road Traffic (Training of Drivers of Vehicles Carrying Dangerous Goods) Regulations 1992, and they implement Council Directive 94/55/EC. Contents: interpretation and application of the Regulations; provision of adequate instruction and training; vocational training certificates; certificates to be available during carriage and to be produced on request; enforcement of the Regulations; exemption certificates. (68793)

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CIS 97-371 Health and Safety - The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (Amendment) Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 6p. Price: GBP 1.55., ISBN 0-11-063430-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0371.pdf

These Regulations amend the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1994 (CIS 95-19). The main change is the replacement of Schedule 1 by a new Schedule which provides for the addition of 18 new substances to the list of substances assigned maximum exposure limits, the removal of 2 others previous included, and the amendment of the maximum exposure limits of 15 other substances. Includes other minor amendments. (68794)

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CIS 97-372 Health and Safety - The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (Amendment) Regulations 1997 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1997. 2p. Price: GBP 0.65., ISBN 0-11-063577-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0372.pdf

These Regulations amend the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 1994 (CIS 95-19) to correct errors in the entries for cobalt and cobalt compounds, cotton dust, and 1,2-dibromoethane (ethylene dibromide) in the Schedule to the Regulations. (68795)

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CIS 97-373 List of classified and authorised explosives 1994 (LOCAE). Supplement No.1 [United Kingdom]. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Mar. 1996. iii, 65p. Price: GBP 12.50., ISBN 0-7176-1134-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0373.pdf

This list is published under the United Kingdom Explosives Acts (1875 and 1923) and the Classification and Labelling of Explosives Regulations 1983. It includes all explosives, with the exception of fireworks, classified and authorized by the Health and Safety Executive during 1994. Data relate mainly to ammunition and include the UN number and hazard code. (68668)

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CIS 97-374 Health and Safety - The Equipment and Protective Systems Intended for Use in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 38p. Illus. Price: GBP 6.10. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0374.pdf

These Regulations (entry into force 1 Mar. 1996) implement Directive 94/9/EC (see CIS 95-27) concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres (the ATEX Directive). Contents: general duty relating to the placing on the market of equipment, protective systems or devices; conformity assessment procedures; notified bodies; enforcement. Schedules include: CE marking and other inscriptions; safety and health requirements relating to the design and construction of this equipment; classification of equipment-groups into categories; excluded equipment; EC-type examination; quality assurance; product verification; conformity to type; internal control of production; unit verification; content of the EC declaration of conformity. (68744)

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CIS 97-375 Health and Safety - The Carriage of Explosives by Road Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 32p. Illus. Price: GBP 6.00., ISBN 0-11-062925-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0375.pdf

These Regulations implement into British legislation the provisions of Directive 94/55/EC (CIS 95-22). They impose prohibitions on the carriage of explosives including the carriage of unclassified explosives, carriage in vehicles used to carry paying passengers and the carriage of explosive substances in bulk. The operator must make sure that the vehicle or container is suitable for the safety and security of the explosives being carried. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) is asked to approve and publish a document called Approved Requirements for the Construction of Vehicles Intended for the Carriage of Explosives by Road. Provisions are also made for the displaying of information on vehicles and containers, for the keeping of appropriate transport documentation by the driver and attendant, for the safe loading, stowage, unloading and cleaning of vehicles and containers, for the presence of appropriate emergency equipment and for the notification of emergencies. Smoking and the production of an open flame near or on the vehicle are prohibited during loading and unloading. The Regulations entered into force on 1 Sep. 1996. The Road Traffic (Carriage of Explosives) Regulations 1989 are revoked. (68783)

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CIS 97-376 Royal Order of 30 Jan. 1996 modifying the Royal Order of 3 July 1992 concerning the safety of gas-operated equipment [Belgium]. (Dutch: Koninklijk besluit tot wijziging van het koninklijk besluit van 3 juli 1992 betreffende de veiligheid van gastoestellen; French: 30 janv. 1996 - Arrêté royal modifiant l'arrêté royal du 3 juillet 1992 relatif à la sécurité des appareils à gaz [Belgique]) Moniteur belge - Belgisch Staatsblad, 12 Apr. 1996, 166th Year, p.8645-8649. Illus. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0376.pdf

This Royal Order (effective on publication) modifies existing Belgian legislation relating to the safe operation of gas-operated equipment. In particular, the provisions of Directive 90/396/EC are taken into consideration, and references are made throughout to EC marking. (68787)

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CIS 97-377 Health and Safety - The Carriage of Dangerous Goods (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) and Use of Transportable Pressure Receptacles Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 47p. Illus. Price: GBP 7.40., ISBN 0-11-062923-X (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0377.pdf

These Regulations, updating and modifying the 1994 Regulations on the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous goods for carriage by road or rail (CIS 95-394), implement into British legislation the provisions of Directives 94/55/EC (CIS 95-22) and 96/49/EC. Modifications include: bringing into scope certain environmentally hazardous substances not covered by the 1994 Regulations; requirements for HSC approval of certain documents relating to the design, construction, modification, repair, testing, examination, filling and marking of transportable pressure receptacles; further safety requirements for transportable pressure receptacles. The Regulations (exc. as noted below) came into force on 1 Sep. 1996, at which time the 1994 Regulations were repealed. Regulation 21(9) shall come into force on 1 Jan. 1999, at which time the Compressed Acetylene (Importation) Regulations 1978 (CIS 79-1831) are repealed. (68790)

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CIS 97-378 Royal Decree of 21 March 1997 on the operational protection of outside workers exposed to the risk of ionizing radiation during their activities in controlled areas [Spain]. (Spanish: Real Decreto 413/1997, de 21 de marzo, sobre protección operacional de los trabajadores externos con riesgo de exposición a radiaciones ionizantes por intervención en zona controlada [España]) Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 Apr. 1997, No.91, p.11957-11959. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0378.pdf

This Decree (effective 17 Apr. 1997) adopts in Spain the provisions of EURATOM directive 90/641 (CIS 94-18). Contents: scope; definitions; notification of activities by outside undertakings; obligations of outside undertakings and of the operators; obligations of outside workers; personal radiological records. (68704)

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CIS 97-379 Factories (Amendment) Ordinance 1997 [Gibraltar]. Gibraltar Gazette, 1st Supplement, 16 Jan. 1997, No.2958, p.1-11. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0379.pdf

Transposition into Gibraltar legislation of the provisions of Directive 86/188/EEC (CIS 87-45) concerning the protection of workers against noise. It covers: exposure assessment; assessment records; obligation of employer to reduce the risk of hearing damage and noise exposure by his/her employees; provision of ear protection equipment; ear protection zones; maintenance and use of protective equipment; provision of information. In schedules: calculation methods for the evaluation of noise exposure; compulsory sign for ear protection zones. (68707)

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CIS 97-380 Health and Safety - The Packaging, Labelling and Carriage of Radioactive Material by Rail Regulations 1996 [United Kingdom]. HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1996. 35p. Illus. Price: GBP 6.30., ISBN 0-11-062921-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0380.pdf

These Regulations (entry into force 1 Sep. 1996) implement Directive 96/49/EC in relation to the carriage of radioactive material by rail. Contents: approvals (approval of design for special form radioactive material, approval of package designs, approval of shipments); packaging requirements (quality assurance programmes, testing, notification and registration of serial numbers, package inspection prior to shipment, notification of shipment); general carriage prohibitions and operating requirements; loading and unloading; security measures and emergency arrangements; provision and display of information. Schedules include a description of the information to be displayed during carriage. (68748)

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CIS 97-381 Factories Ordinance - Display Screen Equipment Regulations 1996 [Gibraltar]. Gibraltar Gazette, 29 Feb. 1996, No.2901, p.242-251. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0381.pdf

Regulations concerning the requirements for users of display screen equipment. Provisions relate to: the duty of employers to assess the health and safety risks of each workstation and to reduce the risks as far as possible; ensuring that workstations meet the minimum requirements laid down in the Schedule to these Regulations (design of the display screen, keyboard, work surface and chair, the general environment, and the computer/user interface); daily work routine and provision of work breaks; eye and eyesight tests; health and safety information and training. (68797)

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CIS 97-382 Regulation No.25 of 3 Dec. 1996 - Annex II: Dough moulders [Brazil]. (Portuguese: Portaria N°25, de 3 de Dezembro de 1996 - Anexo II: Cilindros de massa) Secretaria de Segurança e Saúde no Trabalho, Diário Oficial, 4 Dec. 1996, Year 134, Section I, No.235, p.25793. (In Portuguese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0382.pdf

Regulation (effective on publication) concerning the minimum requirements for safety devices attached to dough moulders used in commercial bakeries. Basic cleanliness standards and electrical safety provisions are also outlined. (68781)

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CIS 97-383 Factories Ordinance - Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1996 [Gibraltar]. Gibraltar Gazette, 29 Feb. 1996, No.2901, p.279-284. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0383.pdf

Regulations concerning the responsibilities of employers regarding manual handling operations. Employers are required to avoid the need for manual handling operations which involve a risk of injury, and where this cannot be avoided, to make an assessment of these operations, and to take appropriate steps to reduce the risk of injury. Employees are required to make full use of any system of work provided by the employer as a risk reduction measure. A Schedule specifies factors to be taken into account during a risk assessment. (68798)

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Chemical data sheets and criteria documents

CIS 97-384 Ethyl acetate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0384.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. Exposure to high concentrations may cause dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May cause drying and cracking of the skin. Ethyl acetate is a flammable liquid. (68811)

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CIS 97-385 2-Ethylaniline. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0385.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. Irritates the skin and eyes. May cause skin allergy, methaemoglobinaemia, liver damage and neurotoxic effects. (68812)

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CIS 97-386 Ethyl chloride. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0386.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. Irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May burn the eyes and cause frostbite on the skin. May damage the liver and kidneys. It is a highly flammable gas that is also available as a liquid under pressure. (68813)

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CIS 97-387 Ethylene. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0387.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May cause dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting and frostbite. It is a highly flammable gas that is also available as a liquid under pressure. (68814)

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CIS 97-388 Ethylene glycol. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0388.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. It is a teratogen and should be handled with extreme caution. Irritates the eyes and respiratory tract. May cause neurotoxic effects and damage the kidneys and the brain. (68815)

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CIS 97-389 Hydrogen. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0389.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May cause severe burns and frostbite the skin. It is a highly flammable gas and an explosion hazard. It is also available as a cold liquid under pressure. (68816)

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CIS 97-390 Hydroquinone. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0390.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a mutagen and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate, burn and cause staining and discolouration of the eyes. May permanently damage the vision. May irritate the skin and cause rash and changes in skin colour. (68817)

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CIS 97-391 Methyl ethyl ketone. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0391.pdf

Data sheet. Synonym: butanone. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May burn the eyes and cause permanent damage. May irritate the skin and respiratory tract. May cause neurotoxic effects. It is a flammable liquid. (68818)

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CIS 97-392 Methyl methacrylate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0392.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May irritate the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause teratogenic and neurotoxic effects, skin allergy and liver and kidney damage. It is a flammable and reactive liquid. (68819)

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CIS 97-393 Nickel chloride. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0393.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May cause mutations and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate and burn the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause skin allergy, asthma, kidney damage and scarring of the lungs. (68820)

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CIS 97-394 Osmium tetroxide. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0394.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. Irritates and burns the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May damage the eyes and the kidneys. (68821)

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CIS 97-395 Pentachlorophenol. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0395.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. It is a carcinogen and a teratogen and should be handled with extreme caution. Irritates and burns the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May damage the eyes, kidneys and liver. Exposure can cause poisoning with symptoms of headache, sweating, weakness, trouble in breathing, high fever and pain in the chest and abdomen. May cause an acne-like skin rash. (68822)

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CIS 97-396 Potassium dichromate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0396.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a carcinogen and should be handled with extreme caution. Irritates and burns the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May damage the eyes. May cause skin allergy. May cause a sore or a hole in the bone dividing the inner nose. (68823)

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CIS 97-397 Procarbazine hydrochloride. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0397.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a carcinogen and may be a teratogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, dizziness, nightmares, tiredness, confusion and depression. May decrease the body's ability to produce white and red blood cells. (68824)

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CIS 97-398 beta-Propiolactone. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0398.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a carcinogen and should be handled with extreme caution. Irritates and burns the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May damage the eyes. May affect the liver and kidneys. (68825)

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CIS 97-399 Pyrethrum. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0399.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It may cause reproductive damage and should be handled with extreme caution. Irritates the eyes and respiratory tract. May cause skin allergy and an asthma-like allergy. May affect the nervous system. (68826)

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CIS 97-400 2,3,7,8-Tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0400.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a carcinogen and may be a teratogen and should be handled with extreme caution. Irritates the eyes and skin. May cause a severe acne-like skin rash. May damage the liver. May affect the nervous system. (68827)

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CIS 97-401 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloro-2,2-difluoroethane. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0401.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. Irritates the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May reduce the number of white blood cells and damage the liver. May cause dizziness and lightheadedness. (68828)

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CIS 97-402 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloro-1,2-difluoroethane. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0402.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. Irritates the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May reduce the number of white blood cells and damage the liver. May cause dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting. May affect the heart. (68829)

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CIS 97-403 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0403.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. It is a mutagen and should be handled with extreme caution. Irritates the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May damage the liver, kidneys and blood forming organs. May affect the central nervous system. (68830)

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CIS 97-404 Thiourea. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0404.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a carcinogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May damage the bone marrow, reducing the numbers of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. May cause skin allergy. (68831)

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CIS 97-405 2,4,6-Trinitrophenol. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0405.pdf

Data sheet. Synonym: picric acid. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May cause mutations and should be handled with extreme caution. May damage red blood cells; irritate and burn the skin, eyes and respiratory tract; damage the eyes; cause skin allergy; damage the liver and kidneys; cause the skin and hair to turn yellow. It is highly flammable. (68832)

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CIS 97-406 Vinylidene chloride. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0406.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. It is a carcinogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate and burn the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May damage the liver and kidneys. It is highly flammable. (68833)

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CIS 97-407 Zinc chromate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0407.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a carcinogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May perforate the nasal septum. May cause skin allergy. (68834)

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CIS 97-408 Ammonium acetate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0408.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May irritate the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May burn the eyes. (68835)

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CIS 97-409 Ammonium benzoate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0409.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May irritate the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. (68836)

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CIS 97-410 Ammonium bifluoride. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0410.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. May severely burn the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May damage the eyes and the kidneys. May cause weight loss, nausea, vomiting and fainting. (68837)

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CIS 97-411 Ammonium carbamate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0411.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May irritate the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May release ammonia. (68838)

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CIS 97-412 Ammonium fluoride. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0412.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May irritate and burn the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. May cause stiffness in muscles and joints, crippling, poor appetite, nausea, constipation and diarrhoea. (68839)

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CIS 97-413 Ammonium hydroxide. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0413.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May severely irritate and burn the skin and eyes and may cause permanent damage. May severely irritate the respiratory tract, causing bronchitis. May release ammonia. (68840)

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CIS 97-414 Ammonium sulfide. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0414.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. Corrosive to the eyes and skin. Irritates the respiratory tract. May cause dizziness, lightheadedness and fainting. It is a flammable liquid. (68841)

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CIS 97-415 Ammonium tetrachloroplatinate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-0368, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0415.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. Irritates and burns the eyes and respiratory tract. (68842)

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CIS 97-416 Ammonium thiocyanate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0416.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May burn the eyes and skin. May cause loss of appetite, tiredness and skin rash. May affect the thyroid gland and the blood cells and cause personality and mood changes. (68843)

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CIS 97-417 Arsenic acid. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0417.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. It is a mutagen and teratogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause thickening of the skin and change of colour. May damage the nerves, causing a "pins and needles" sensation, numbness and weakness of the arms and legs. (68844)

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CIS 97-418 Arsenic pentoxide. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0418.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. It is a carcinogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause skin rash and change of colour. May perforate the nasal septum. May damage the nerves, causing a pins and needles sensation, numbness and weakness of the arms and legs. (68845)

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CIS 97-419 Cadmium chloride. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0419.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. It is a carcinogen and teratogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause lung oedema, influenza-like symptoms, kidney and liver damage, anaemia and loss of smell. (68846)

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CIS 97-420 Chromic sulfate. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0420.pdf

Data sheet. Synonym: chromium sulfate. May enter the body when breathed in. May irritate the eyes and skin. May cause skin allergy. (68847)

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CIS 97-421 Diethyl ether. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0421.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in. May irritate the eyes and skin. May cause drowsiness, dizziness and irregular breathing. May cause drying of the skin. It is a highly flammable liquid. (68848)

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CIS 97-422 Dimethyl dichlorosilane. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0422.pdf

Data sheet. Synonym: dichlorodimethylsilane. May enter the body when breathed in. May burn the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause lung oedema. It is a flammable liquid. (68849)

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CIS 97-423 Dinitrobenzene. New Jersey Department of Health, Right to Know Program, CN 368, Trenton, NJ 08625-68, USA, 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0423.pdf

Data sheet. May enter the body when breathed in and through the skin. It is a teratogen and should be handled with extreme caution. May irritate the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. May cause methaemoglobinaemia; yellowing of the skin, eyes and hair; hearing loss; changes in vision; liver damage; anaemia. It is a highly reactive chemical. (68850)

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[ Top of page ]

Training materials and practical information

CIS 97-424 Your body at work. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. viii, 27p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-109438-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0424.pdf

This training manual surveys chemical, physical, biological and psychological hazards in the workplace ad how they affect the human body. In addition, the hazards of non-application of ergonomic principles are also covered. Main topics: routes of entry (inhalation, absorption, ingestion); effects of toxic substances (local, systemic, acute and chronic); role of the health and safety representative. In annex: exercise on various commonplace hazards and how to combat them. (68923)

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CIS 97-425 Education and training in occupational health and safety. Verbeek J.H.A.M., Kroon P.J., eds., Safety Science, Aug. 1995, Vol.20, Nos.2 and 3, p.157-352. Bibl.ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0425.pdf

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Education and Training in Occupational Health and Safety held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 24-28 April 1995. Papers cover recent developments and examples of training programmes under the following headings: curriculum development; education and training of occupational health nurses; teaching special skills; teaching to non-professionals; evaluation of training. (68611)

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CIS 97-426 Warning signs. (Dutch: Veiligheidssignalering; French: Signalisation de sécurité) Nationale Vereniging tot voorkoming van arbeidsongevallen (NVVA), Gachardstraat 88, Bus 4, 1050 Brussels, Belgium, no date. 1 brochure. Illus. (In Dutch, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0426fr.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0426nl.pdf

Information brochure on the use of warning and safety signs in Belgium. Four main types are surveyed: prohibitory signs; mandatory signs; warning signs; emergency exit signs. (68855)

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CIS 97-427 Catalogue of products 1997. (French: Catalogue - Actualités 1997) Nationale Vereniging tot voorkoming van arbeidsongevallen (NVVA), Gachardstraat 88, Bus 4, 1050 Brussels, Belgium, 1997. 44p. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0427.pdf

1997 Catalogue of products and services offered by the Belgian national association devoted to occupational safety (ANPAT). Products are presented by category: videotapes and slide sets; audiovisual training modules; posters; publications (journals, subject packs, safety guides, brochures, educational materials). Information is also offered on training and educational courses organized by ANPAT. (68857)

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CIS 97-428 Instructor's guide to the modules. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. x, 40p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-109440-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0428.pdf

This Instructor's Guide is a general introduction to a series of training modules on various aspects of occupational safety and health published by the ILO. Contents: purpose of the modules; people concerned by the modules (intended trainees and teachers); topics covered by the modules; how to use the modules in a teaching course; teaching techniques (asking questions, using check lists, action plans, brainstorming, developing risk maps, small group activities, group discussions, using case studies, role playing); setting up training courses; courses evaluations; sources of information. Glossary of terms. (68921)

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CIS 97-429 Using health and safety committees at work. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. 2 vols (x, 44p. + iv, 36p). Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108017-X (app), ISBN 92-2-108018-8 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0429.pdf

Vol.1 of this training module provides students with background information on the role and functions of workplace health and safety committees. Topics treated include: key functions of a local union health and safety committee and of joint labour-management health and safety committees; the importance of committee meetings, reports, training and education for committee members; collective bargaining; principles for conducting hazard investigations at the workplace. Vol.2 (Appendices) includes: relevant sections of ILO Recommendation No.164 (CIS 82-890); sample legislation on the institution of health and safety committees (in Bermuda); samples of contracts, workplace health survey questionnaires and accident reports. (68929)

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CIS 97-430 Controlling hazards. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. x, 62p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108025-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0430.pdf

This training module provides students with information on various methods that can be used to control chemical, physical and biological hazards in the workplace. The following methods of control are covered: elimination; substitution; engineering controls (enclosure, isolation and ventilation); administrative controls (e.g. reorganization of work schedules); use of personal protective equipment; other control methods (general cleanliness, personal hygiene). Other topics discussed: choice of control method; role of the health and safety representative. Exercises: machine guarding case study; evaluation of control methods; check list for control methods. In appendices: list of extremely hazardous chemicals; how to find out information about a specific chemical (legal status, safer alternatives); basic information on first aid stations. (68932)

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CIS 97-431 Catalogue of publications. Loss Prevention Association of India Ltd., Warden House, Sir P.M. Road, Bombay 400 001, India, 1995. 12p. Illus. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0431.pdf

Catalogue of publications by a major India safety organization, classified by category: fire safety; cargo loss prevention; road safety; child safety; general safety; catalogues (films, posters, videos, training programmes). (68939)

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CIS 97-432 SUVA - Catalogue of products and services. (French: Gamme CNA; German: SUVA Spektrum) Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt (SUVA), Fluhmattstrasse 1, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1995-1996. 61p. Illus. (In French, German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0432de.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0432fr.pdf

Annonated catalogue (1995-1996) of products and services offered by the Swiss National Accident Insurance Fund. Products and services include: insurance against occupational, home and sports accidents; rehabilitation; prevention activities (information, safety equipment, safety monitoring etc.); advice to manufacturers, enterprises and workers; information services (incl. list of publications); safety product catalogue. (68859)

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CIS 97-433 Legislation and enforcement. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. viii, 45p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108023-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0433.pdf

This training guide introduces workers to the role of legislation and enforcement in the furthering of safety and health in the workplace. In particular, it covers: structuring of legislation; how to find out about laws and regulations; problems with existing legislation and its enforcement, and what to do about them; how to use health and safety legislation (developing check lists; collective bargaining); role of the safety and health representative. In appendices: relevant ILO Codes of Practice, guides and manuals. (68925)

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CIS 97-434 International labour standards on occupational safety and health. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1994. 110p., ISBN 92-2-109568-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0434.pdf

This training manual, written for courses aimed at trade union members in India and Bangladesh, includes the full text of ILO Conventions and Recommendations dealing with various OSH-related issues. (68933)

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CIS 97-435 Introduction to occupational health and safety. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. viii, 25p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-109439-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0435.pdf

This introductory module to be used in a training course on occupational safety and health (OSH) covers: introduction (definition of OSH, costs of occupational injury and disease); extent of the problem worldwide; the range of hazards; role of management commitment and of OSH training; role of the health and safety representative. (68922)

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CIS 97-436 Male and female reproductive health hazards in the workplace. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. x, 35p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108016-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0436.pdf

This training module contains information on how occupational hazards can affect the reproductive system of workers of either sex. Topics discussed include: the mechanism of reproductive damage (prior to conception, during pregnancy, after birth); sources of knowledge on reproductive hazards of chemical, physical or biological agents and of the work situation in general; protection against reproductive hazards; role of the health and safety representative; case study of negative male fertility outcome due to chemical exposure at work; glossary. In appendices: list of chemicals with reproductive toxicity; reproductive hazards to men and women; industries where there is evidence of adverse reproductive outcome in exposed women (without linkage to specific exposures); examples of agents toxic to the male reproductive system; carcinogenic chemical in electronics manufacturing; examples of substances observed to induce adverse reproductive outcomes following exposure during pregnancy. (68930)

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CIS 97-437 Plantations - Occupational safety and health: A workbook for trade union courses. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1994. 108p. Illus. 5 ref., ISBN 92-2-109461-8 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0437.pdf

Manual for Indian workers following trade union courses. Contents: role of legislation in ensuring safety at the workplace; tripartism; inspection; general hazards of work on plantations; pesticides; welfare facilities; how to obtain improvements. In appendices: checklist for safety, health, welfare and the environment at the workplace; recommendations of tripartite workshops on occupational safety and health; memorandum of settlement on safety of workers engaged in the spraying of insecticides in West Bengal. (68936)

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CIS 97-438 Mining - Compendium of reference material. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1994. 92p., ISBN 92-2-109466-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0438.pdf

This manual, aimed at workers participating in training courses in India, consists of two parts. Part 1 covers Organization and Policies for Safety, containing the text of Indian Recommendations for Safety in Mines (6th, 7th and 8th Conference), information on company and trade union safety policies as practiced in India, the recommended format for Safety Committee Agenda and Minutes and relevant excerpts from ILO Instruments dealing with mining safety. Part 2 contains technical recommendations on mine safety, covering four topics: monsoon preparation; heat hazards; noise; courts of enquiry (after an accident). (68934)

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CIS 97-439 Mining - Mines safety checklist pack. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1994. 47p., ISBN 92-2-109465-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0439.pdf

This manual is written for Indian miners taking safety-related training courses. It covers the preparation of safety check lists. The following areas are covered by check lists: general inspection; mine inspection; haulage; flame-proof equipment; winding installations; cap lamps; safety lamps; self rescuers; fitting of winders and shafts; accident inspection; underground mines. (68935)

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CIS 97-440 Process safety analysis - An introduction. Skelton B., Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 1997. xi, 213p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index., ISBN 0-85295-378-X (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0440.pdf

This manual is aimed at undergraduate students and engineers with no formal training in the techniques of safety analysis. Contents: introduction to the importance of safety and safety assurance; the concept of risk (perception and quantification of risk, acceptance criteria, cost benefit analysis); safety in design and operation; conducting a HAZOP (hazard and operability) study; failure mode and effect analysis; basic quantitative risk assessment; quantification of logic trees; consequence modelling; human factors (role of the operator, control room design, human error assessment methods). Includes sample problems and solutions. (68696)

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CIS 97-441 Textiles - Occupational safety and health - Factories checklist pack. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1994. 39p. Bibl.ref., ISBN 92-2-109565-7 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0441.pdf

This training manual for workers in India covers the preparation of checklists for various OSH aspects of the textile industry. These aspects include: basic OSH conditions; accidents (action after; investigation); chemical information; hazards of slipping and tripping; ladders; fire fighting equipment; welding equipment; occupational health services; application of the Factories Act 1948 (CIS 89-701). (68937)

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CIS 97-442 Textiles - Occupational safety and health - A workbook for trade union courses. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1994. 117p. Illus. 26 ref., ISBN 92-2-109463-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0442.pdf

Contents of this training manual: the trade union approach to OSH problems at work; organizing for safety; inspections; accidents; using the law; information and training; general advice on preventive action. In appendix: useful addresses. (68938)

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CIS 97-443 Woodworking - How to make your own safety evaluation. (French: Le travail du bois - Faites votre diagnostic sécurité) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Mar. 1988. 56p. Illus., ISBN 2-85599-786-0 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0443.pdf

This practical guide is specially designed for managers of small enterprises. It can be used both for training purposes and to assess the safety level of a plant. Main contents: woodworking, a hazardous activity; how to carry out a safety diagnosis (work surfaces, tools and maintenance, work environment, PPE (depending on the type of saw used)); questionnaire results; annexes (measures to be implemented in case of fire in a small woodworking workshop, contents of first aid kits, portable electrical tools, safe storage of paints, varnishes, etc., checklist for periodic safety tests, protection devices on existing or new machines; cutting speed of tools). (68864)

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CIS 97-444 Health and safety for women and children. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. x, 70p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108015-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0444.pdf

This training module provides students with basic information on some of the health and safety issues for two special categories of workers: women and children. Contents: reproductive hazards (before conception, during pregnancy and after birth); other health and safety issues for women workers (personal security, maternity leave, maximum weights); information on the health of children at work (exposure to environmental agents, working capacity, psychosocial risks, primary health care); elimination of child labour (at the community and national level). In exercise: case studies on child labour. Glossary. Appendices: reproductive toxicity of certain chemicals; carcinogenic chemicals in electronics manufacturing; relevant ILO standards, conventions and recommendations. (68931)

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CIS 97-445 How to deal with the asbestos hazard. (French: Comment réagir face au risque amiante?) Euroforum, 35 rue Greneta, 75002 Paris, France, 1995. 220p. Illus. Price: FRF 1,657.04. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0445.pdf

Collection of 10 articles devoted to the problem of asbestos in the workplace. The compendium may be used as instructional material for a training course. Main topics covered: survey of the different kinds of asbestos; role of asbestos control organizations; possibility of establishing an asbestos inventory; insurance considerations; a fibre mountain in a flat countryside (future role for asbestos in the Benelux countries); how to identify asbestos-containing materials and how to evaluate asbestos pollution in the atmosphere: the role of specialized laboratories; what to do if asbestos is discovered: advice and recommendations for on-site elimination of asbestos; choice of strategy for asbestos treatment; asbestos replacement products; advantages of the vitrification of asbestos-containing waste. (68853)

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CIS 97-446 Chlorinated hydrocarbons. (German: Chlorkohlenwasserstoffe) Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse 65, 1201 Wien, Austria, 1995. 16p. Illus. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0446.pdf

Update of the 1991 edition (CIS 94-1029; Merkblatt M361). After describing the properties of trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride and dichloromethane, this leaflet deals with: suitable containers and storage location (ventilation, respiratory equipment, decanting, entry into confined spaces, soldering, degreasing); prohibited and restricted uses (by young workers and expectant mothers); compulsory medical supervision; emergency measures after accidents; exposure limits in Austria (MAK-Werte). (68863)

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CIS 97-447 Chemicals in the workplace. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. 2 vols (x, 48p. + ii, 112p.) Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108021-8 (app), ISBN 92-2-108022-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0447.pdf

Vol.1 of this training module covers the following aspects of chemical hazards in the workplace: routes of entry of chemicals into the body; health effects of chemicals; classification of chemicals; how to obtain information about industrial chemicals; role of health and safety representatives. Exercises: mapping chemical risks in the workplace; case study of chemical hazards; making a chemical hazard data sheet; chemicals check list. Vol.2 (Appendices) contains 11 annexes containing important subsidiary information on chemicals, such as: list of IARC evaluations; list of extremely hazardous chemicals (WHO, IPCS); how to find various kinds of information on chemicals; chemicals that have toxic effects on reproduction; carcinogenic chemicals in electronics manufacturing; list of examples of chemical antidotes; hazard data sheets for 30 commonly used chemicals in industry; chemical groups. (68926)

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CIS 97-448 Fire safety - How to comply with the law and stay that way. (French: Sécurité incendie - Pour se mettre en conformité et le rester) Euroforum, 35 rue Greneta, 75002 Paris, France, 1995. 268p. Illus. Price: FRF 1,657.04. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0448.pdf

This training manual treats the following main subjects: Standards and regulations; Fire fighting techniques and risk analysis; Financial and insurance aspects of fire safety; Safety management and organization. (68851)

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CIS 97-449 Safety and liquefied flammable gases. (French: Sécurité et gaz inflammables liquéfiés) Euroforum, 35 rue Greneta, 75002 Paris, France, 1996. 354p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: FRF 1,874.12. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0449.pdf

Collection of 13 articles devoted to the safe handling of liquefied flammable gases (LFGs). The compendium may be used as instructional material for a training course. Topics covered: the French approach to safety while handling LFGs; safety management during the distribution of LFGs; safety audits in liquid petroleum gas (LPG) installations; sea transport and handling of LPG: how to satisfy safety requirements and tackle sudden emergencies; quantitative risk assessment (definition; how it can be used to determine risk levels in an LPG installation and in LPG distribution systems); mathematical models of LPG containment loss; models of gas explosions; a new approach to BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion) and its consequences; models for loss of confinement of a cryogenic liquid; implementation of a probabilistic approach to the BLEVE hazard; human factors: the ultimate safety barrier. (68854)

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CIS 97-450 Electrical safety and you. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Aug. 1996. 8p. 18 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0450.pdf

This leaflet outlines basic measures to help control the risks from the use of electricity at work. The main hazards are identified along with ways of assessing and reducing the risks: ensuring the electrical installation is safe; providing safe and suitable equipment; reducing the voltage; providing safety devices; carrying out preventive maintenance; and ensuring safe methods of work. (68651)

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CIS 97-451 Noise at work. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. viii, 25p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108024-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0451.pdf

This training module covers the following aspects of noise: health effects of noise exposure (temporary and permanent hearing loss, other effects); measuring noise; noise control methods (at the source, noise barriers, personal protection); role of the health and safety representative. In annex: case study on occupational noise; check list for controlling occupational noise. (68924)

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CIS 97-452 In-plant traffic. (French: Le guide de la circulation en entreprise) Institut national de recherche et de sécurité, 30 rue Olivier-Noyer, 75680 Paris Cedex 14, France, Dec. 1996. 54p. Illus. 26 ref., ISBN 2-7389-0357-6 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0452.pdf

This illustrated training booklet is aimed at enterprises in order to show how to identify and prevent the hazards caused by in-plant traffic. Main points covered: 1 - How to organize in-plant traffic. 2 - How to analyze the risk factors to be taken into consideration, in particular: crossings and interference from other traffic; outside firms; obstacles to traffic flow; level changes; human factors. 3 - How to identify solutions adapted to local conditions: gates; circulation paths; safety-oriented reorganization of the locales; loading bays; placement of work stations, machinery and staff rooms; condition of the surface; visibility and lighting; means of communication. (68665)

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CIS 97-453 Safe maintenance. (German: Sicheres Instandhalten) Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse 65, 1201 Wien, Austria, 1995. 23p. Illus. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0453.pdf

Thanks to mechanization, manual handling operations are reduced and therefore safety at the workplace is improved. However, this mechanization makes maintenance and repair of machinery all the more important. This safety guide aimed at workers reviews available safety strategies applying to personnel (workers' training), working techniques and work organization. Other problems, like maintenance work conducted in small locales and the maintenance of buildings are also dealt with. Check lists for the maintenance of machinery, equipment, small locales and buildings. (68861)

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CIS 97-454 Scaffold platforms. (German: Arbeits- und Schutzgerüste) Allgemeine Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Abteilung für Unfallverhütung und Berufskrankheitenbekämpfung, Adalbert-Stifter-Strasse 65, 1201 Wien, Austria, 1995. 32p. Illus. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0454.pdf

Contents of this illustrated safety guide to the safe use of scaffolds, usable for training purposes (for a previous edition, see CIS 95-896): Part I: description of scaffolds and protective scaffolds; assembly, inspection and use; prohibition of access to young persons; fall protection; buttressing and anchoring; access ways; uses and permissible loads; safety requirements for use near power lines. Part II: additional requirements: ladder scaffolds, metal scaffolds, trestle stages, suspended scaffolds, mobile platforms, cantilever scaffolds, etc.; protective scaffolds, platforms for pedestrian walkways; legislation applicable in Austria. (68862)

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CIS 97-455 AIDS in the workplace. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. x, 69p. Illus. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108020-X (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0455.pdf

This training module provides an overview of the disease AIDS, of particular importance as an occupational hazard in certain occupations (e.g. in the health care industry). Coverage: level of the problem worldwide; why AIDS is a trade union issue; description of the disease; workplace exposure; AIDS education in the workplace; AIDS and workplace policy issues; role of the health and safety representative; exercise case-study of the HIV virus in the workplace; glossary. In appendices: related WHO documents. (68927)

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CIS 97-456 Your back is yours - Take care of it!. (Spanish: Tu espalda es tuya - ¡Cuídala!) Ledesma de Miguel J., Marqués Marqués F., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, c/Torrelaguna, 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1995. 55p. Illus. 30 ref., ISBN 84-7425-425-6 (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0456.pdf

Training booklet on the protection of the back. It covers: physiology of the back; origin and mechanisms of back pain; how to avoid back injury in the workplace; general recommendations; physical exercise for recovery and prevention; general therapeutical plan. In annex: medical questionnaires for the diagnosis and treatment of backache. (68860)

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CIS 97-457 Ergonomics. Rosskam E., Bureau of Workers' Activities, ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. x, 43p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 5.00 (for the collection: CHF 50.00)., ISBN 92-2-108019-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0457.pdf

This training module provides students with basic information on ergonomics. Topics discussed include information on the following topics: acute and chronic health problems which can result from poor ergonomic conditions at work; basic ergonomic principles of work involving sitting and standing postures; heavy manual work; ergonomic principles of tool and job design; role of the health and safety representative. In annexes: exercise for the identification of problems and developing solutions to ergonomic problems; recommendations for manual lifting and carrying; job design check list; what to do if cumulative trauma disorder is suspected; evaluation of risk factors at work; control of vibration hazards. (68928)

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[ Top of page ]

Periodicals, books, databases, audiovisuals


001 General safety, health and conditions of work

CIS 97-458 Work environment influence on cytostatics-induced genotoxicity in oncologic nurses. Brumen V., Horvat D., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.67-71. Bibl.ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0458.pdf

The aim of this study was to examine the influence of workplace conditions on chromosomal damage incidence in nurses handling cytostatics. The study involved two groups of 17 oncologic nurses each and the same number of matched controls. Sister chromatid exchange method (SCE) was used for genotoxicity assessment. In the group of nurses provided with a safe working environment, the SCE-frequency was insignificantly increased when compared with the controls, although wide SCE-ranges were obtained. By contrast, in the group of nurses provided with neither such an environment nor with the appropriate personal protective equipment, the SCE-frequency was significantly higher, not only compared with the control group, but also with the first group of nurses. (68590)

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CIS 97-459 Teaching comparative international strategies in OHS. Sheldon P., Mayhew C., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.463-469. 12 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0459.pdf

The development of a training course at Griffith University, Queensland, Australia on the comparison of occupational health and safety (OHS) strategies in different countries is described. The benefits of comparative work in OHS are discussed along with the determination of the approach to be used, choice of geographical comparisons and issues to be compared, and problems in comparing national OHS strategies. Future course developments are outlined. (68597)

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CIS 97-460 A survey of personal and occupational health and safety training for US and Canadian veterinary schools. Langley R.L., Morrow W.E.M., Journal of Agromedicine, 1996, Vol.3, No.4, p.23-35. 39 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0460.pdf

A survey of 18 veterinary schools in the USA and Canada revealed a high incidence of scalpel/knife cuts, needlestick injuries, bites, scratches and kicks, suggesting that training in occupational safety and health could be improved. Recommendations include: development of a uniform curriculum for occupational safety and health in veterinary schools; provision of a mechanism for reporting of student injuries and illnesses; development of procedures for student immunization and physical examination; provision of training in basic first aid; and provision of information on potential health risks associated with animal handling. (68771)

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CIS 97-461 Statistics by industry for 1994. (French: Les statistiques technologiques 1994) Travail et sécurité, Nov. 1996, No.554, p.16-21. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0461.pdf

Statistics on occupational accidents and diseases, commuting accidents and fatalities in different industrial sectors in France during 1994. There was a significant increase in the total number of occupational diseases, when compared with the period 1992-1993. (68885)

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CIS 97-462 Quality occupational health and safety?. Blewett V., Shaw A., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.481-487. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0462.pdf

The relationship between best practice, quality management, and occupational health and safety (OHS) is examined. The roles of the best practice approach and the quality management approach are discussed along with the culture of compliance, functions of management systems, the integration of OHS and quality assurance, and the concept of continuous improvement. It is argued that there is a need to clarify the role of OHS in enterprises and to integrate it within the structures of best practice and quality management. (68600)

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CIS 97-463 A preliminary analysis of technology transfer and occupational safety and health in Vietnam. Matsuda S., Nguyen A.L., Jonai H., Nguyen V.H., Dinh H.T., Le V.T., Nguyen T.C., Hoang M.H., Phung H.D., Dang D.T., Journal of Occupational Health, July 1996, Vol.38, No.3, p.103-106. Illus. 6 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0463.pdf

Vietnamese factories are now in the process of technology transfer. Their actual condition of occupational safety and health was studied cross-sectionally. Two hundred and forty-six workers in seven factories were investigated by a questionnaire as to their age, educational level, level of vocational skill, working conditions and occupational hazards. Younger workers, female workers, and workers with a lower level of education and of lower vocational skills were generally engaged in workplaces with new technology. Working conditions were more labour-intensive and more monotonous in workplaces using old technologies than those using new technologies. Traditional occupational hazards, such as noise, heat and dust, have been significantly reduced in workplaces with new technologies, but chemical hazards have been increased in those workplaces. Although general working conditions in Vietnam have been improved along with the introduction of new technologies from foreign countries, there are many problems to be solved. Further field studies are necessary to fully describe the actual situation. (68805)

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CIS 97-464 Report for 1993. (French: Compte rendu de l'exercice 1993) Association d'assurance contre les accidents, Section industrielle, Boîte postale 1804, Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, 1994. 45p. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0464.pdf

In addition to information on administrative matters (organization and operation of the insurance scheme) and an overview of relevant legislation, the report contains a statistical section (tables and annotated diagrams) on diseases: trends in the total number of cases, fatal accidents and number of accidents per 100 worker units, notified since 1984; classification of accidents recognized in 1993 by branch of industry, material causal factor, site and type of injury, victim's age and nationality, month, day of the week, and hour of the day; causes of the 26 fatal accidents recognized in 1993; breakdown of occupational diseases reported in 1993. In 1993, there were 22,514 occupational accidents (an increase of 1.6% compared to 1992), 18,276 of which were true occupational accidents, 3,732 commuting accidents and 146 cases of occupational disease; there were 12.58 accidents per 100 worker units. (68917)

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CIS 97-465 Health and Safety Commission annual report 1995/96. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. xxi, 130p. Illus. 57 ref. Index. Price: GBP 16.00., ISBN 0-7176-1219-8 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0465.pdf

This report describes the role and activities of the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) and Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the main influences on their activities during 1995/96. Main achievements against medium-term aims and priorities are described along with progress in legislative proposals, guidance published, inspection and enforcement initiatives, and research projects. Includes data on financial management and selected health and safety statistics. A free summary report is also available. (68674)

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CIS 97-466 Profile on occupational safety and health in Nepal. Vaidya S.N., Ministry of Labour, Kathmandu, Nepal, Rev.ed., Oct. 1996. 53p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0466.pdf

This profile describes the national administration of occupational safety and health (OSH) in Nepal and outlines statistical trends and problems. Contents: framework of administrative and legal institutions; major OSH legislation; countermeasures against industrial injuries (employers' duties, role of employers' and employees' organizations); trends of industrial injuries; difficulties in administrative development; future prospects (workshops, national OSH development project, publications, worker education). (68688)

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CIS 97-467 Clean working environment 2005. Danish Working Environment Service, Landskronagade 33, 2100 København Ø, Denmark, Oct. 1996. 56p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.at.dk/graphics/at/engelsk-pdf/andre-informationsmaterialer/2005-handl
   …ingsprogram-uk.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0467.pdf

This document sets out general goals for Danish occupational health and safety activities to the year 2005. Seven main areas of action have been identified: fatal accidents; exposure to carcinogenic chemicals, organic solvents and heavy metals; injuries to children and young people; injury caused by heavy lifting and repetitive work; psychosocial risk factors; problems related to the indoor environment; noise-induced hearing damage. The current situation in each area is outlined and industrial sectors most affected are identified. The roles of various organizations in the action programme (see CIS 94-1913) are described. (68624)

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CIS 97-468 The Health and Safety Executive - Working with employers. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 27p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0468.pdf

This booklet describes the activities of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the services available to employers and the self-employed. Responsibilities of employers are outlined along with relevant legislation, workplace inspection and the powers of inspectors, enforcement action, and HSE policy on confidentiality of business information. Includes a list of HSE contact addresses and telephone numbers. (68672)

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CIS 97-469 The Health and Safety Executive and you. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 19p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0469.pdf

This booklet describes the activities of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and the services available to employees and to members of the public. Includes information on HSE inspection activities, how employees can complain to the HSE, and a list of contact addresses and telephone numbers. (68673)

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CIS 97-470 Best's safety directory - Industrial safety, hygiene, security. A.M. Best Company, Inc., Ambest Road, Oldwick, NJ 08858, USA, 1996. 2 vols. (1664p.). Illus. Index. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0470.pdf

This directory provides guidance on compliance with safety standards issued by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), along with buyers' guides providing information on recognized industrial safety and hygiene products and services. Topics covered include: safety management; training requirements; consulting, engineering and laboratory services; protective equipment; noise and vibration; plant monitoring and maintenance; employee health and ergonomics; machine guards, processing guidelines, and tool handling; materials handling; hazardous materials; workplace preparation and maintenance; electrical and lighting safety; fire and rescue; security. (68780)

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CIS 97-471 Risk assessment at work - Examples and experiences from European countries. (German: Beurteilung der Risiken bei der Arbeit - Beispiele und Erfahrungen aus europäischen Ländern) Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1995. iv, 226p. Illus., ISBN 3-89429-636-4 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0471.pdf

Collection of presentations made by occupational health and safety experts from 17 European countries who met in Dresden, Germany, in 1994 to discuss their experiences in preventive identification and assessment of occupational hazards, and in particular, the handling of hazardous substances in enterprises. Based on the European Framework Directive on Health and Safety at the Workplace (89/391/EEC, see CIS 89-1401), the various kinds of national legislation, organizational structures, and activities for the improvement of occupational health and safety are described. Examples are given in order to demonstrate how dangerous situations at the workplace can be identified, assessed, and registered, those means which proved to be particularly useful, and what future efforts for improvement were required. Of particular interest among the participants were the contributions from representatives of the Central and Eastern European countries with regard to steps taken towards European integration in the field of health and safety at work. (68870)

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CIS 97-472 Health and safety committee development profile. Phillips G., Northwest Training and Development, 438 S. Franklin Street, Thunder Bay, Ontario P7E 1R4, Canada, 1990. 12p. Price: CAD 7.95. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0472.pdf

This document provides a means of assessing the development level of an organization's health and safety committee. Each of 60 statements relating to the current operation of the committee is rated on a six-point scale. The scores provide a general picture of the perceived level of development of the committee in the areas of committee purpose and organization, meeting process, health and safety activities, and member relations and development. Guidance is given on interpreting the profile scores and planning future action. (68689)

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CIS 97-473 Technique of Operations Review (TOR): Leader's guide. Hallock R., Northwest Training and Development, 438 S. Franklin Street, Thunder Bay, Ontario P7E 1R4, Canada, 1989. 13p. Price: CAD 25.00. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0473.pdf

The Technique of Operations Review (TOR) analysis provides a means of investigating the cause of an accident or operating error. The technique is based on a TOR worksheet which lists possible causes of failure within the various functions of an organization. The role of the group leader at each stage of the analysis is described: collecting incident data; selecting from the TOR worksheet the most important reason the incident occurred; analyzing the incident; evaluating contributing causes; and finding solutions to the problems identified. (68690)

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CIS 97-474 A guide to information, instruction and training: Common provisions in health and safety law. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 12p. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0474.pdf

This data sheet provides guidance on the legal requirements for providing information, instruction and training for employees. Relevant legislation is listed along with advice on who has duties under the legislation (employers, employees, the self-employed and others), the type of information, instruction and training to be supplied, who should receive it, when it should be supplied, and further sources of information. Includes duties of manufacturers and suppliers on the provision of information on articles and substances for use at work. (68723)

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CIS 97-475 Reliability: The Weibull distribution. (Spanish: Fiabilidad: la distribución de Weibull) Tamborero del Pino J.M., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 9p. Illus. 5 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0475.pdf

Technical data sheet on a mathematical model, the Weibull distribution, to evaluate reliability of safety systems. Contents: objective and introduction; general characteristics; failure representation according to Weibull distribution; and Weibull analysis. Graphics and tables are included. (68731)

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CIS 97-476 Probabilistic Risk Analysis: "Fault Tree Analysis". (Spanish: Análisis probabilístico de riesgos: Metodología del "Arbol de Fallos y Errores") Piqué Ardanuy T., Cejalvo Lapeña A., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 8p. Illus. 2 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0476.pdf

This information note presents the basics of the Fault Tree Analysis methodology. Contents: introduction; background; description of the methodology; Fault Tree development, including symbols and graphic representation; Fault Tree exploitation, involving both qualitative and quantitative evaluation; exercise on the implementation of the methodology. (68733)

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CIS 97-477 Five steps to information instruction and training. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 15p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0477.pdf

This booklet provides guidance on the provision of information, instruction and training for employees. The type of information to be supplied is described along with those who need the information, when it should be supplied, how to provide the information and how to check that the information has been effective. Checklists cover what managers and supervisors need to know, legal requirements, and approaches to training. (68742)

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CIS 97-478 Guide to occupational health and safety management systems. British Standards Institution, Sales Department, 389 Chiswick High Road, London W4 4AL, United Kingdom, 1996. 40p. 6 ref., ISBN 0-580-25859-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0478.pdf

These guidelines are designed to enable the integration of occupational health and safety (OHS) management within an overall management system. Two detailed approaches are put forward: one based on the Health and Safety Executive guidance Successful Health and Safety Management, the other based on British Standard BS EN 14001, the environmental systems standard. Topics covered: scope and definitions; OHS management system elements; OHS policy; organizing, planning, implementation and operation of the system; measuring performance; audit; checking and corrective action; management review. An annex outlines links between this guide and BS EN ISO 9001, the quality management systems standard. (68791)

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[ Top of page ]

002 Occupational medicine, epidemiology

CIS 97-479 The experience and outlook of occupational epidemiology in Italy. (Italian: Esperienze e prospettive della epidemiologia occupazionale in Italia) Terracini B., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1994, Vol.85, No.1, p.55-67. 47 ref. (In Italian)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0479.pdf

A review is presented of past Italian contributions to occupational epidemiology, mainly covering investigations of cancer risks. Research trends in the field are also discussed: "record linkage" studies using census data; investigation opportunities arising as a result of recent Italian legislation; interpretation of the effects of exogenous exposure in terms of biological mechanisms; evaluation of the predictability of cytogenetic alterations; comparison with bioethical aspects etc. (68754)

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CIS 97-480 Cancer and the workplace. Stellman J.M., Stellman S.D., CA - A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, Mar.-Apr. 1996, Vol.46, No.2, p.70-92. 64 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0480.pdf

The article reviews procedures (such as those adopted by IARC) for identifying, evaluating, and categorizing human carcinogens; provides examples of exposures (to cancer chemotherapeutic agents) and controls in health care; surveys the basic epidemiologic strategies that have been used to study cancer and the workplace; and outlines the clinical evaluation of occupational exposures. Once carcinogens are identified, strategies can be developed to reduce the incidence of the disease. (68713)

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CIS 97-481 Molecular epidemiology: A new perspective for the study of toxic exposures in man. A consideration of the influence of genetic susceptibility factors on risk in different lung cancer histologies. Caporaso N.E., Landi M.T., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1994, Vol.85, No.1, p.68-77. 45 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0481.pdf

Epidemiologic evidence for genetic susceptibility factors in tobacco-related cancer is suggestive but not determinant. Variability in results depends on: assay misclassification, non-correspondence of phenotype/genotype in certain subjects, disease heterogeneity, exposure variation, ethnic and racial variation. Future studies should concentrate on the presence of multiple genetic markers. The observation that the tobacco-cancer association is weaker for adenocarcinoma than for the other lung cancers suggests some interaction of the genetic trait with exposure to tobacco smoking. (68755)

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CIS 97-482 The use and usefulness of multistage models of carcinogenesis in cohort studies. (Italian: L'uso e l'utilità dei modelli multistage di cancerogenesi negli studi di coorte) Piolatto G., Pira E., Meliga F., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1994, Vol.85, No.1, p.78-83. 11 ref. (In Italian)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0482.pdf

This is a review of multistage models applied to data on exposure to aromatic amines and bladder cancer mortality. The results suggest that aromatic amines act on more than one stage of the carcinogenic process, most probably on both early and late stages. The effect on late stages implies a decreasing risk after cessation of exposure, and in this case discontinuing it can be useful; an effect on early stages, instead, indicates the necessity of intensive medical surveillance even after cessation of exposure. (68756)

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CIS 97-483 The epidemiology of lung cancer: Review of risk factors and Spanish data. Takkouche B., Gestal-Otero J.J., European Journal of Epidemiology, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, p.341-349. Illus. 99 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0483.pdf

Risk factors of lung cancer with an emphasis on Spanish and European data are reviewed. In Spain, though lung cancer incidence rates are much lower than in Europe in general (especially for women), lung cancer mortality increased much more rapidly for men than for women between the 1950s and 1980s. This trend can be explained by tobacco consumption, which remains the major risk factor for lung cancer. Occupational radon and asbestos exposures are other factors, though not as important. Genetic factors could also play an aetiologic role. (68758)

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CIS 97-484 Compensation of occupational asthma in European countries. (French: La réparation des asthmes professionnels dans l'Union européenne) Capron J.L., Rozec P., Weber M., Leroyer C., Dewitte J.D., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.329-336. 17 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0484.pdf

The low rate of claims for occupational asthma in France is linked to undercompensation. For this reason, compensation systems within the European Union (EU) were compared. A detailed questionnaire sent to social and labour organizations provided most of the data. Compensation for occupational asthma is available in all EU countries, except the Netherlands, provided that the disease is considered on the official list or proven to be work-related. Differences between eight countries about indemnities are illustrated by a concrete case concerning a worker with a 50% disability occupational asthma. Disability indemnities are expressed in E.C.U., first as raw figures, then according to purchase power and finally according to the countries' wealth. Differences noted are prejudicial for the EU. These data underline the need for harmonizing workers' rights within the EU. (68761)

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CIS 97-485 Occupational respiratory diseases in Hungary - Some experiences in the last 40 years. Mándi A., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.4, p.309-316. 13 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0485.pdf

This review examines changes and trends in the incidence, diagnostic methods and clinical manifestations of the most important occupational respiratory diseases in Hungary during the last 40 years: silicosis, asbestosis, lung cancer, organic dust diseases, occupational asthma, and industrial bronchitis. (68774)

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CIS 97-486 Occupation and pulmonary emphysema. Sjögren B., Carstensen J., Hörte L.G., Plato N., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.4, p.379-386. 21 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0486.pdf

In the Swedish National Census of 1960, all employed men born between 1901 and 1920 were identified and classified into 36 broad occupational groups. When this census was linked with the Register on Causes of Death 1961-1970, the only occupational group showing an increased mortality due to pulmonary emphysema, after adjusting for smoking habits, was the agricultural, horticultural and forestry management group. Microorganisms and endotoxins in the farming environment may play a causative role in the incidence of this disease. (68778)

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CIS 97-487 Risk of gastric cancer in pneumoconiotic coal miners and the effect of respiratory impairment. Swaen G.M.H., Meijers J.M.M., Slangen J.J.M., Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1995, Vol.52, No.9, p.606-610. 15 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0487.pdf

This study was carried out to investigate the mortality patterns in a group of 3790 coal miners. The study population had abnormal chest X-ray films at a routine medical examination that was performed in the 1950's. The total group of 3790 coal miners was followed up for mortality up to 1 January 1992. Total mortality in this group of coal miners was significantly higher than expected, mainly a reflection of the increase in mortality from non-malignant respiratory disease. Mortality from gastric cancer was also significantly increased. This risk of mortality from gastric cancer was confined to workers with no pneumoconiosis or only a mild from. Despite the strong relation to duration of employment and pneumoconiosis the group of workers with more severe manifestations of pneumoconiosis did not experience an excess in mortality from gastric cancer. This study confirms the earlier reported risk of gastric cancer in coal miners. Also it confirms the hypothesis that this risk of gastric cancer is limited to workers with a mild degree of pneumoconiosis or none. In workers with severe forms of pneumoconiosis the pulmonary clearance system is impaired in such a way that the inhaled coal dust does not reach the digestive tract. (68898)

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CIS 97-488 Workplace-related relevance of patch testing using the motor vehicle industry as an example. (German: Arbeitsplatzbezogene Relevanz der Epikutantestung am Beispiel der Automobilindustrie) Knülle E., Dermatosen in Beruf und Umwelt, Mar.-Apr. 1996, Vol.44, No.2, p.68-71. Illus. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0488.pdf

The industrial physician who has to decide whether an employee with skin disease can keep his job must know the substances present at the patient's workplace, the severity of the disease and the likely prognosis. The results of a patch test may also help to support his decision. The results of 318 skin tests taken at the Ford motor company in Cologne, Germany, in the years 1982 to 1993 are presented to underscore this point. The need of intensive communication between the dermatologist and occupational health specialists is underlined. Patch testing without knowledge of workplace conditions does not provide sufficient information for further analysis. (68877)

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CIS 97-489 Study of urinary mandelic acid concentration and peripheral nerve conduction among styrene workers. Yuasa J., Kishi R., Eguchi T., Harabuchi I., Arata Y., Katakura Y., Imai T., Matsumoto H., Yokoyama H., Miyake H., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.41-47. Bibl.ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0489.pdf

The relationship between exposure to styrene and nerve conduction velocities was investigated in 32 workers occupationally exposed to styrene. There was a dose-dependent relationship between urinary mandelic acid and ulnar and peroneal motor distal latencies (MDLs). After adjusting confounding factors, urinary mandelic acid had a significant positive relationship with ulnar and peroneal MDL. The study suggests that a low level of styrene, below the 50ppm exposure limit of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), involves the risk of inducing adverse effects on the peripheral nervous system. The study also indicated that motor distal latency is a sensitive parameter of toxic peripheral neuropathy. (68586)

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CIS 97-490 AOEC position paper on the organizational code for ethical conduct. Brodkin C.A., Frumkin H., Kirkland K.H., Orris P., Schenk M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.869-881. 14 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0490.pdf

Following an evaluation of five codes of ethical conduct for occupational and environmental health practice, the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics (AOEC) recommended the adoption of the International Code of Ethics issued by the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH). The contents of the codes are compared with reference to seven ethical principles: providing a safe and healthy workplace and environment; professional competence; an obligation to advise and report; avoidance of conflict of interest; avoidance of discrimination; ethical standards; and patient confidentiality. (68601)

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CIS 97-491 Codes of ethics in occupational and environmental health. Goodman K.W., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.882-883. 6 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0491.pdf

This editorial comments on the benefits of professional codes of ethics and on problems arising in their development and application. It considers that while the International Code of Ethics issued by the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) covers a range of issues, it fails to address some aspects (uses of genetic information, electronic storage and transmission of medical records, guidance on whistleblowing in relation to safety threats). Individual professional groups should develop codes of ethics according to their own requirements, and such codes should be incorporated into their professional and educational efforts. (68602)

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CIS 97-492 Occupational and environmental medicine. Wegman D.H., Fine L.J., Journal of the American Medical Association, 19 June 1996, Vol.275, No.23, p.1831-1832. 23 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0492.pdf

Recent developments in selected areas of occupational and environmental medicine are briefly reviewed: work-related asthma (causes, changing individual susceptibility, and problems of diagnosis and compensation); low back pain (contribution of work and nonwork factors, use of back belts, and rehabilitation of affected workers); and the association between body burden of lead and delinquent behaviour. (68621)

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CIS 97-493 "Biospheric medicine" as viewed from the two-year first closure of Biosphere 2. Walford R.L., Bechtel R., MacCallum T., Paglia D.E., Weber L.J., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, July 1996, Vol.67, No.7, p.609-617. 33 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0493.pdf

The medical aspects of biospheres are discussed with reference to the experiences of four men and four women confined for two years inside Biosphere 2, an enclosed ecological space in Arizona, USA. Biospheric medicine as a clinical discipline is discussed in terms of mission objectives, medical resources and capabilities, anticipation of medical issues, facility design, and selection and training of personnel. Psychological and psychosocial issues are also considered. Medical problems encountered in Biosphere 2 included severe weight loss, oxygen deprivation, and psychological and social problems. (68661)

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CIS 97-494 Factors of success of the high coverage of occupational health services of employees in Finland. Ritva H.A., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.3, p.207-216. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0494.pdf

The 1979 Act on Occupational Health Services in Finland provides for both preventive and curative occupational health care for all employees. Providers of this care include municipal or private health centres, plant health services and state services. Coverage is now about 90% of all employees. Occupational health studies are integrated into basic medical studies and continuous education is emphasized. In recent years, most of the classic occupational diseases have disappeared, the number of occupational accidents has decreased, and many dangerous substances are no longer used. Future challenges include maintaining the working capacity of an ageing population. (68681)

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CIS 97-495 Micronucleus assay on exfoliated urothelial cells: Effect of smoking and application to occupational biomonitoring. (French: Application du test de numération des micronoyaux aux cellules urothéliales exfoliées: effet du tabagisme et intérêt en médecine du travail) Lehucher-Michel M.P., Ait Amara Y., Botta A., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Oct. 1996, Vol.57, No.6, p.429-437. Illus. 82 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0495.pdf

Exposure to genotoxic chemicals increases the incidence of bladder cancer. Smoking seems to have an additive effect on this cancer risk. Exfoliated bladder cell micronuclei assays may constitute a useful testing for genotoxic effects in populations with an increased risk of bladder cancer due to exposure to chemical substances. A micronucleus assay was applied to 73 healthy donors not occupationally exposed to genotoxic chemicals. Among the variables studied in 50 subjects presenting a number of analyzed urothelial cells at least equal to 1000, only smoking showed a significant effect on micronucleated cell rates (P = 0.007). Micronucleated cell levels in ex-smokers were slightly lower but not significantly different from that of smokers suggesting that smoking could generate clones of basal micronucleated cells in urothelial tissues. The importance of extending the micronucleus assay to target tissues is stressed. (68912)

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CIS 97-496 Cross-sectional study of low back pain and functional capabilities of the trunk. (French: Lombalgies et capacités fonctionnelles du tronc - Etude transversale) Masset D., Malchaire J., Piette A., Cock N., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, July 1996, Vol.57, No.4, p.256-263. 29 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0496.pdf

A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the interest of anthropometric measurements and isometric and dynamic performances of the trunk as discriminators between two groups of subjects with (L.B.P.) or without (N.L.B.P.) low back pain. These groups were composed respectively of 78 steelworkers having reported L.B.P. during the last 12 months and 315 without lumbar history. The protocol included an interview with questions about the lumbar symptoms, a clinical examination, anthropometric measurements and a series of functional tests performed with an isoinertial dynamometer. L.B.P. was significantly more frequent among the workers presenting gait abnormalities, impaired cervical mobility and of the static characteristics of the lower limbs in the frontal plane, while the anthropomorphic differences between the two groups concern solely the mesomorphy and ectomorphy indices of the Heath-Carter somatotype method. The functional performances of the trunk of the L.B.P. workers were almost uniformly reduced, but the differences reached significance only for the angular velocities and, to a lesser extent, for the dynamic torques. However, the discrimination analyses point out the poor interest of the isoinertial tests in the individual follow-up of the workers in occupational medicine. (68768)

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CIS 97-497 Adjusting for the healthy worker selection effect in cross-sectional studies. Punnett L., International Journal of Epidemiology, Oct. 1996, Vol.25, No.5, p.1068-1076. Illus. 24 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0497.pdf

In this cross-sectional study of musculoskeletal disorders, women employed in highly repetitive manual work (garment assembly) were found to have approximately double the risk observed in a population with more varied tasks (hospital work). The relative risk for garment work increased over the 20-year period preceding the year of the survey. The trend was not explained by age or length of employment, or by any known changes in work demands. In the absence of longitudinal cohort data, alternative explanations (the most plausible of which is the healthy worker effect) for these results cannot be excluded. (68712)

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CIS 97-498 Occupational Medicine, Hygiene and Ergonomics Society of Western France - Meetings of 16 and 17 November 1995. (French: Société de médecine du travail, d'hygiène industrielle et d'ergonomie de l'Ouest - Séances des 16 et 17 novembre 1995) Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.384-398. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0498.pdf

Main subjects dealt with in papers presented at the 16-17 November 1995 meeting of the Society of Occupational Medicine, Hygiene and Ergonomics of Western France: risk of encephalopathy due to prions when performing autopsies; skin diseases in fish farming; skin diseases in hairdressing; carpal-tunnel syndrome in hairdressing; skin allergies in the rubber industry; prevention of eye injuries due to laser radiation in the aircraft industry; skin burns due to handling of vitamin K3; hospital hygiene in medical students; biological risk control in laboratory work; personnel in establishments for retired people; immune-allergic pulmonary pathology due to shiitake (mushroom from East-Asia). (68766)

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CIS 97-499 Textbook of occupational medicine practice. Jeyaratnam J., Koh D., World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., P.O. Box 128, Farrer Road, Singapore 912805. Also: 7 Shelton Street, Covent Garden, London WC2H 9HE, United Kingdom, 1996. xvi, 428p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 31.00., ISBN 981-02-2415-X (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0499.pdf

Contents of this textbook: introduction to work and health; renal disorders; cardiovascular disorders; respiratory disorders; skin disorders; haematological disorders; neurological disorders; mental health; reproductive disorders; musculoskeletal disorders; gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary disorders; auditory disorders; eye disorders; occupational cancers; medical planning and management for industrial disasters; health screening and periodic medical examinations; health promotion at the workplace; assessment of disability for compensation; prevention of occupational diseases. (68694)

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CIS 97-500 ICOH Scientific Committees' and Working Groups' triennial reports. Jungeteg G., International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOM), ed., International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), c/o Prof. Jerry Jeyaratnam, ICOH Secretary General, Deptmt. of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, National University Hospital, Lower Kent Ridge Road, Singapore 0511, Republic of Singapore, 1996. 25p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0500.pdf

Report on the activities of the 26 Scientific Committees and 6 working groups of the ICOH during the period 1994-1996, as presented at the 25th International Congress on Occupational Health, held in Stockholm (Sweden) in Sept. 1996. The 26 Scientific Committees deal with the following topics (in relation to occupational health): accident prevention; aging and work; cardiology; computing; education and training; epidemiology; fibres; health service research and evaluation; industrial hygiene; musculoskeletal disorders; neurotoxicology and psychophysiology; agriculture; chemical industry; construction; developing countries; health care workers; occupational health nursing; occupational health services in small industries; occupational toxicology; organic dusts; pesticides; radiation; shiftwork; toxicology of metals; vibration and noise; respiratory disorders. The 6 working groups deal with: dermatology; handicap and work; work organization and psychosocial factors; reproductive hazards; thermal factors; vision. In annex: list of officers of the committees and working groups, with addresses and phone numbers. (68711)

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CIS 97-501 Regulations in occupational health. (Spanish: Las regulaciones en materia de salud laboral) Blanco Vado M.A., Nord-Süd Institut, Asociación Centro Ejecutor de Proyectos Económicos y de Salud (ACEPSA), Apartado 1257-1002, San José, Costa Rica, 1995. 56p. Bibl.ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0501.pdf

Survey of the legislative system in Costa Rica for occupational health. Coverage: the constitutional framework; principles in labour law (two main principles must be observed: workers must be protected; protection cannot be waived by the worker); role of the state; legislative and regulatory measures; trends; role of labour unions. (68702)

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CIS 97-502 Evaluation of health promotion measures. (German: Evaluation von Massnahmen der Gesundheitsförderung) Riemann K., Wagner A., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1995. v, 97p. Illus. 12 ref., ISBN 3-89429-641-0 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0502.pdf

From autumn 1992 to spring 1994, GESOMED was commissioned by the German Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAU) to carry out an "Evaluation of a trade-related health promotion model". The principal aim of the project was to test cooperative measures of health promotion in the manual trades, based on health reports (consisting of systematical analyses of data on morbidity and the results of a survey). This aim was achieved. The model was carried out successfully despite some difficulties in motivating enterprises to participate. Strategies to avoid or solve these problems in the future have, however, been developed. (68867)

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CIS 97-503 ICOH'96 - For a good working life; Key-note addresses; Collection of abstracts. (French: CIST '96 - Pour bien vivre au travail; Conférences thématiques; Recueil des résumés) National Institute for Working Life, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1996. 79p. + 353p. + 437p. Index., ISBN 91-7045-381-0, ISBN 91-7045-382-9, ISBN 91-7045-383-7 (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0503.pdf

Main subjects dealt with in the communications presented at the 25th International Congress on Occupational Health, which took place from 15 to 20 September 1996 in Stockholm, Sweden: occupational health, a global perspective; promoting safe behaviour; dose concepts in occupational exposure assessment; a critical review of occupational studies on electromagnetic fields and cancer; role of the occupational health professional in the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders; working conditions and cardiovascular diseases; health and safety as a development resource; sexual differences and work; participatory approaches in occupational health research. (68888)

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CIS 97-504 Good health is good business - Employers' guide. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 35p. Illus. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0504.pdf

This booklet outlines the nature of work-related illness and provides guidance on the management of health risks. Specific guidance is provided on the management of work-related dermatitis, asbestos-related diseases, cancer, noise-induced hearing loss, musculoskeletal disorders and respiratory sensitization. Includes case studies of control measures implemented in a number of companies. (68671)

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CIS 97-505 Working with an occupational health department. Adisesh A., Parker G., British Medical Journal, Oct. 1996, Vol.313, No.7063, p.999-1002. Illus. 4 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0505.pdf

This information note describes the role of the basic aspects of occupational health services, emphasizing the constant alertness needed in order to identify the possible occupational origins of a disorder, to deal with the problems of communication with employers and to obtain all possible medical information. Further aspects considered are those related to ethics and confidentiality and special services such as health promotion and screening, rehabilitation and decisions affecting ill health retirement. (68714)

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[ Top of page ]

003 Industries and occupations

CIS 97-506 Cancer risks among iron and steel workers in Anshan, China, Part I: Proportional mortality ratio analysis. Xu Z., Pan G.W., Liu L.M., Morris Brown L., Guan D.X., Xiu Q., Sheng J.H., Stone B.J., Dosemeci M., Fraumeni J.F., Blot W.J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.1-6. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0506.pdf

A standardized proportional mortality ratio (SPMR) study of 8,887 deaths during 1980-1989 among male workers in a large integrated iron-steel complex in Anshan, China, was conducted to provide clues to occupational risk factors. Accidents and cancer accounted for a higher proportion of deaths among the iron-steel workers than among the general male population. Among all workers, SPMR were significantly elevated for stomach, lung and colorectal cancers. Stomach cancer appeared to be highest among workers employed in jobs with exposure to iron and coal dust, whereas significant increases in colorectal cancer were seen for loading and other dusty jobs and for administrative and sedentary jobs without dust exposure. Risk of lung cancer appeared elevated especially for those jobs with probable high levels of exposure to polycyclic hydrocarbons and asbestos. The risk of oesophageal cancer and nonmalignant respiratory disease (NRD) was significantly elevated for workers involved in the manufacturing of fire-resistant bricks, while the risk of NRD was also significantly elevated for foundry workers and fire-resistant brick makers. (68581)

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CIS 97-507 Cancer risks among iron and steel workers in Anshan, China, Part II: Case-control studies of lung and stomach cancer. Xu Z., Morris Brown L., Pan G.W., Liu T.F., Gao G.S., Stone B.J., Cao R.M., Guan D.X., Sheng J.H., Yan Z.S., Dosemeci M., Fraumeni J.F., Blot W.J., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.7-15. 32 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0507.pdf

Nested case-control interview studies of lung cancer, stomach cancer and controls were conducted to follow leads from a proportional mortality analysis of deaths among male workers in a large integrated iron-steel complex in Anshan, China (see CIS 97-506). After adjusting for non-occupational risk factors, the risk of lung cancer was significantly higher for those employed for 15 or more years in smelting and rolling, in the manufacturing of fire-resistant bricks, in general loading and as coke oven workers. The risk of stomach cancer was significantly higher for those employed for 15 or more years in ore sintering and transportation, in the manufacturing of fire-resistant bricks, in general loading, as boiler workers and cooks and as coke oven workers. For both lung and stomach cancers, significant dose-response gradients were observed for exposure to total dust and benzo(a)pyrene. Overall, long-term steel workers with exposure to workplace pollutants had a 40% increased risk of both lung and stomach cancers. (68582)

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CIS 97-508 Biliary tract cancers among textile and other workers in Shanghai, China. Chow W.H., Ji B.T., Dosemeci M., McLaughlin J.K., Gao Y.T., Fraumeni J.F, American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.36-40. 28 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0508.pdf

Using occupational data for more than 500 patients with cancers of the biliary tract (CBT) diagnosed between 1980 and 1984 in Shanghai, China, and employment information from the 1982 census for the Shanghai population, the associations between CBT and occupational categories were examined by standardized incidence ratios. Compared to the general population, risk was increased by nearly 40% among textile workers, consistent with other investigations linking CBT to textile work. Increased risk was also observed among waiters and waitresses, male sanitation personnel and a category including plumbers, welders and sheet-metal workers. Although causal inferences cannot be firmly drawn, the findings add to the limited evidence linking CBT to occupational exposures, especially in the textile industry. (68585)

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CIS 97-509 Occupation and risk of germ cell testicular cancer by histologic type in Ontario. Knight J.A., Marrett L.D., Weir H.K., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.884-890. 40 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0509.pdf

In a case-control study of 495 cases of testicular cancer and 974 controls in Ontario, Canada, there was little evidence of occupational risk for all cases or for seminoma cases. Significant increased risk of nonseminoma was associated with miners, food and beverage processors, utilities employees, and other service workers. Leather industry employees had elevated risk of nonseminoma consistent with a leather tannery cluster. Increased risk of nonseminoma among some workers can be explained if an additional event is required for converting seminoma to nonseminoma. (68603)

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CIS 97-510 Representativeness of trauma center registries for farm injury surveillance. Layde P.M., Stueland D.T., Nordstrom D.L., Accident Analysis and Prevention, Sep. 1996, Vol.28, No.5, p.581-586. 22 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0510.pdf

Farm injury data for 1986-1991 from a major trauma centre in Central Wisconsin, USA were evaluated. The pattern of farm injuries seen in residents of an established, geographically defined, population-based surveillance area was compared with that of a nonpopulation-based mix of patients from outside the area. The two sets of data suggested similar patterns with respect to seasonality, circumstances of injury, and source of injury. There were significant differences with respect to body part injured, severity of injury, and selected aspects of acute medical care. While useful for many purposes, trauma centre-based injury surveillance data should be interpreted cautiously. (68664)

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CIS 97-511 Medications as risk factors for farm injury. Pickett W., Chipman M.L., Brison R.J., Holness D.L., Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1996, Vol.28, No.4, p.453-462. 37 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0511.pdf

In a questionnaire survey of 136 people with a farm injury and 581 controls without injury, significant increases in risk of injury were associated with regular use of stomach remedies or laxatives by males, and regular use of heart or circulatory medications by men over the age of 45. The identified associations remained after adjustment for age, co-morbidity, farm acreage, education, income, alcohol consumption and tobacco use. Possible explanations for the associations are discussed. (68749)

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CIS 97-512 A study on the full application of the Labour Standards Law in forestry. (Japanese: Rōdō kijun hō no ringyō eno kanzen tekiyō ni kansuru ichi kōsatsu) Koike M., Kamikubo T., Journal of Science of Labour - Rōdō Kagaku, 10 Nov. 1995, Vol.71, No.11, p.462-467. 18 ref. (In Japanese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0512.pdf

Because forestry is an outdoor activity, the Japanese Labour Standards Law, as it applies to forestry, must be revised to take care of its special features. This paper examines the proposed modifications. Particular attention must be made to the introduction of labour-saving machinery, necessitated by the need of the industry to stay competitive. A coherent national approach is needed to take into account the changing nature of forestry work and the need to preserve the environment. (68803)

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CIS 97-513 Health standards for internationally recruited seafarers. Tomaszunas S., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.3, p.271-276. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0513.pdf

Based on the findings of a 1994 questionnaire survey, the International Labour Office (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) prepared draft guidelines for conducting medical examinations for seafarers. The guidelines cover: medical examiners and the frequency of examinations; scope of examinations; assessment and health certificate; minimum health and fitness standards. The guidelines may be generally adopted and used in the future. (68683)

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CIS 97-514 Alcoholism, absenteeism and industrial accident rate in a Spanish public transport company. (French: Alcoolisme, absentéisme et accidents du travail dans une entreprise de transport espagnole) Cabrero E., Osuna E., Luna J.D., Jimenez M.C., Marin J., Luna A., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.353-355. 28 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0514.pdf

Between 1988 and 1992 a careful examination was accomplished by a transport company in Spain in order to determine absenteeism and industrial accident rate on 43 possible excessive alcohol drinkers. Their age was 46 (average) and they had 23 years of service. A comparative study of the results obtained from check-ups on the 478 employees that belonged to the staff was carried out. The possible excessive alcohol consumers were tested by means of anamnesis, a drink questionnaire, physical exploration and blood test results. By analyzing the results of the study, a higher level of absenteeism and industrial accidents in possible heavy drinkers is perceived. (68765)

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CIS 97-515 A survey on tollbooth attendants - Those forgotten by the expressway. (French: Une enquête sur les péagistes - Les oubliés de l'autoroute) Chouchan D., Travail et sécurité, Apr. 1997, No.559, p.6-7. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0515.pdf

Survey on conditions of work of tollbooth attendants on French highways. In this heterogenous activity, workers are exposed to various hazards such as atmospheric pollution, noise, vibrations (in particular those caused by heavy trucks), size of work station, and even violence from certain drivers. (68883)

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CIS 97-516 Safety in operations of animal feed delivery. (French: Sécurité des opérations de livraison d'aliment du bétail) Travail et sécurité, Oct. 1996, No.553, p.52-58. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0516.pdf

This article deals with safe working methods in the transport and delivery of cattle food. Preventive measures against electrocution, falls from heights and mechanical hazards are given. (68890)

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CIS 97-517 Recipe for safety. Nichols T., Health and Safety at Work, Oct. 1996, Vol.18, No.10, p.15-16. Illus. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0517.pdf

A continuing increase in the number of accidents in the United Kingdom hotel and catering industry has led to a combined effort by the Health and Safety Executive and local authorities to raise health and safety standards throughout the sector. While tighter EC-led legislation has made employers more aware of their obligations, some consider safety to be too costly and an inconvenience rather than a duty to their employees. Causes of accidents are outlined and the views of employers, trade unions and equipment manufacturers are put forward. (68667)

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CIS 97-518 French National Association of Occupational Medicine and Ergonomics of Hospital Employees - XXXIIIth training session - Work by women in hospitals. (French: Association nationale de médecine du travail et d'ergonomie du personnel des hôpitaux - XXXIIIes Journées nationales de formation - Travail féminin dans les hôpitaux) Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Oct. 1996, Vol.57, No.6, p.465-475. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0518.pdf

Proceedings of the XXXIIIth training session held in Paris (27-29 Mar. 1996). Two main themes were studied: Topic I: work by women in French hospitals (female physicians in hospitals; infection risks and pregnancies; psychodynamism of work and setting up of collective nursing groups - Specificity of defensive strategies and rules of the trade in female teams). Topic II: women working in European Health Centers (women at work, balancing professional and private life - Comparison of two different approaches (Denmark and France)). Occupational health and safety among nurses - Synthesis of the meeting organized by the International Council of Nurses. (68914)

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CIS 97-519 Assembly work in Indonesia and in Sweden - Ergonomics, health and satisfaction. Waluyo L., Ekberg K., Eklund J., Ergonomics, Feb. 1996, Vol.39, No.2, p.199-212. 30 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0519.pdf

Questionnaire surveys of Swedish and Indonesian assembly industry workers showed that the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was high in both groups. Swedish workers reported more stress and psychosomatic symptoms and rated their work conditions as worse in most respects. Work tasks were physically heavier in Indonesia, but less monotonous and with lower demands on productivity. Physical job demands were associated with musculoskeletal symptoms, while conflicts and harassment at work were associated with stress and psychosomatic symptoms. Implications for job design in the two countries are put forward. (68699)

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CIS 97-520 Briefing temporary workers: How to ensure continuity. (French: Accueil des intérimaires, les conditions du relais) Calvarin C., Lefebvre M., Travail et sécurité, Nov. 1996, No.554, p.22-36. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0520.pdf

The occurrence of occupational accidents among temporary workers is very often due to the fact that they do not have the time to get used to the activity they are supposed to carry out. This article underlines the importance of an adaptation period and training for this vulnerable category of workers. Statistics on temporary workers and occupational accidents for this workers in France during 1994 are given. (68886)

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CIS 97-521 Detection of isolated workers. (French: La détection du travailleur isolé) Pagliéro D., Travail et sécurité, Oct. 1996, No.553, p.21-27. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0521.pdf

The equipment to detect isolated workers has developed rapidly thanks to technical progress. This article presents different types of detectors and its functioning. The text is illustrated with several technical data sheets. (68889)

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CIS 97-522 Women and OHS: The challenges still waiting to be met. Quinlan M., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.409-422. 55 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0522.pdf

Recent research on the ways in which gender impacts on occupational health and safety (OHS) is reviewed. Topics discussed include: gender and the incidence and reporting of occupational injury and disease; gender and the capacity of workers to take action on OHS; patriarchal workplace structures, sexual harassment and balancing work and domestic tasks; legal aspects and inconsistencies between OHS law and equal employment opportunity and anti-discrimination laws; and women and workers' compensation. Challenges facing policy-makers, managers, unions, OHS professionals and others in meeting the OHS needs of women workers are identified. (68592)

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CIS 97-523 Work-related injuries and illnesses associated with child labor - United States, 1993. Journal of the American Medical Association, 3 July 1996, Vol.276., No.1, p.16-17. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0523.pdf

Analysis of survey data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics showed that in 1993, young people (<18 years) incurred an estimated 21,620 injuries and illnesses involving lost work days. The most commonly reported problems were sprains and strains (31%). Common occupations were food preparation and service workers, cashiers, stock handlers, nursing aides, and janitors and cleaners. Common injury events included falls on the level, overexertion, striking against objects, and contact with hot objects. National patterns are discussed. An editorial comment considers that the reported figures are probably an underestimate. (68622)

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CIS 97-524 Improving working conditions and increasing profits in forestry. Johansson K., Strehlke B., ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. 79p. Illus. 56 ref., ISBN 92-2-109757-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0524.pdf

This working paper shows how improvements in working conditions and training in forestry work can lead to gains in productivity and profitability. The focus is on developing countries. Topics covered: work organization; appropriate tools and technology; employment impact of different technologies; prevention of accidents and occupational diseases; training; general conditions of work and life. Includes case studies covering a range of forestry activities in different countries. (68669)

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CIS 97-525 Risk perception and safety in the offshore oil and gas industry. Flin R., Mearns K., Fleming M., Gordon R., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iv, 109p. 111 ref. Price: GBP 30.00., ISBN 0-7176-1239-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0525.pdf

A questionnaire survey of 622 workers on six oil and gas platforms in the United Kingdom offshore continental shelf showed that these workers generally felt safe living and working offshore and that their perceptions of risk and safety appeared to be reasonably accurate. Workers expressed most concern about explosion hazards, the installation being hit by a vessel, weather conditions, falling objects and slipping. Organizational factors (management commitment to safety, job satisfaction, safety versus production) had the greatest direct effect on workers' perception of risk and their satisfaction with safety measures. Recommendations regarding risk communication and safety management are put forward. (68657)

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CIS 97-526 Drill-floor design: A consideration of human factors. Berman J.V.F., Huddleston J.H.F., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 136p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 35.00., ISBN 0-7176-1203-1 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0526.pdf

This document provides a methodology for the integration of human factors into the safe design of drill floors on offshore structures. Accident statistics related to drilling operations are presented, human factor considerations during various stages of the design process are identified, and specific issues related to information requirements, controls, and the working environment are examined. A compendium of techniques which acts as a toolkit for use with the methodology is also provided. (68676)

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CIS 97-527 Some calculations of fluid loading using computational fluid dynamics. Goyder H.G.D., Thompson C.P., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 89p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: GBP 25.00., ISBN 0-7176-1126-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0527.pdf

This report concerns the application of fluid dynamics (CFD) to fluid problems in the offshore industry. To identify current capabilities of CFD, the flow around a stationary circular cylinder at large Reynolds numbers was modelled using a commercial CFD computer programme. There was good agreement between computer calculations and experimental data; variations in drag were correctly modelled and effects of turbulence were correctly represented. The current status of CFD and its application to offshore design is discussed. (68680)

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CIS 97-528 Safety performance measurement. van Steen J., European Process Safety Centre, ed., Institution of Chemical Engineers, Davis Building, 165-189 Railway Terrace, Rugby, Warwickshire CV21 3HQ, United Kingdom, 1996. vii, 135p. Illus. Bibl.ref., ISBN 0-85295-382-8 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0528.pdf

This manual provides a general introduction to safety performance measurement followed by practical examples of techniques currently used in specific companies. These examples cover measuring plant and equipment, measuring systems and procedures, measuring people, and measuring outcomes. It is emphasized that designing and implementing safety performance measurement in a particular company must be tailored to the needs and characteristics of the company in question. (68697)

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CIS 97-529 Practical handbook of processing and recycling municipal waste. Manser A.G.R., Keeling A.A., CRC Press Inc., 2000 Corporate Blvd., Boca Raton, FL 33431, USA, 1996. xiv, 557p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Index. Price: GBP 55.00., ISBN 1-56670-164-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0529.pdf

This manual describes techniques for the processing and recycling of municipal waste and identifies health and safety hazards. Contents: nature of waste and potential health hazards (Weil's disease); mechanical handling systems (health and safety in relation to the use of cranes, grabs and conveyors); composting systems (hazards of microorganisms, emission of methane, mechanical hazards of heavy plant); biological aspects of compost production and utilization; materials recovery facilities (design of the working environment, operational procedures and equipment); refuse-derived fuel (RDF) processes; combined RDF/compost/recycling plants; markets for recycled products. In appendices: precautions against Weil's disease; national standards legislation. (68695)

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CIS 97-530 Towards action against child labour in Zimbabwe. ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1992. ii, 121p. 66 ref., ISBN 92-2-108698-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0530.pdf

This document contains the proceedings of a national seminar on child labour in Zimbabwe held in 1992, a background paper prepared for discussion at the seminar, and proposals for a national programme of action. Working conditions and potential health hazards in different occupations are described, and desired improvements in the areas of legislation and enforcement, education, social welfare and protection, and community mobilization are outlined. (68670)

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CIS 97-531 Overlapping of plant safety functions - Professionalism and professionalization. (German: Überschneidung betrieblicher Sicherheitsfunktionen. Verberuflichung und Professionalisierung) Krüger W., Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 1995. 142p. Illus. 60 ref., ISBN 3-88383-368-1 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0531.pdf

This research report illustrates a number of important developments currently taking place in the area of professional performance of safety functions. The combination of tasks, especially those of labour and environmental protection, is an important new trend. The professional performance of safety functions in Germany must fit into the existing economic structure. This demands a rethinking of the concepts of training and development. It is only possible to establish and maintain professionalism if professionals can develop the specialized knowledge appropriate for solving urgent problems. It is argued that the area of safety is a demanding engineering job and that it is not therefore possible to take on this function as a sideline without the appropriate training. (68901)

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CIS 97-532 Managing crowds safely. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 47p. Illus. 8 ref. Price: GBP 9.95., ISBN 0-7176-1180-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0532.pdf

This booklet provides guidance on the management of crowd safety at venues including shopping centres, railway and bus stations, sports and exhibition centres, and large scale outdoor events. Contents: legal requirements; risk assessment; planning action to tackle risks (staffing levels and command structure, staff training, communications, control rooms); crowd control (access and egress, route design, crowd monitoring); emergency planning and procedures. In appendix: venue design. (68743)

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[ Top of page ]

004 New technologies

CIS 97-533 Eye strain and response. Study based on log book, measurements of eye movements and number of blinking during eye-straining work. (German: Augenermüdung und Beanspruchung. Untersuchungen mit Augensymptomtagebüchern, Messung der Augenbewegungen und der Lidschlaghäufigkeit bei visuell belastenden Arbeiten) Nibel H., Peter Lang AG, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1995. 167p. Illus. 226 ref. Index. Price: DEM 51.00., ISBN 3-906753-97-2 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0533.pdf

The psychophysiological effects on the eyes caused by the introduction of the computer at the workplace were studied. Volunteers in a telephone exchange in Vienna where an electronic database was introduced and volunteers in two small firms where the use of computer-aided design was inaugurated participated in the study. Indicators of visual fatigue such as frequency of eye blinking and saccadic eye movement velocity were measured. In addition, volunteers kept a diary of subjectively perceived symptoms of eyestrain such as red and burning eyes. The physiological parameters were found to reflect the effort rather than visual fatigue. (68907)

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CIS 97-534 National vocational qualifications for safety-related computer controlled systems. Scharbach P., Shaw R., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 72p. 21 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-1240-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0534.pdf

This report summarizes the findings of a study undertaken to investigate how safety competences could be included in the Information Technology Industry Training Organisation standards of competence in information technology. It was not considered cost effective to fully integrate safety-related qualifications into these standards because of their structure and general focus on information technology. It is recommended that competences for safety-related computer control systems be developed within the current framework of the Engineering Occupational Standards Group, whose standards focus on safety at the engineering systems level. (68656)

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CIS 97-535 Recent developments in process engineering - Aggregate particles and mixtures. (French: Récents progrès en génie des procédés - La matière divisée) Pons M.N., Bues M., Dodds J.A., Ducauquis-Lanchon H., Meyer R.L., Roth J.C., Scher J., eds., Lavoisier technique et documentation, Paris, France, May 1994, Vol.8, No.35. 234p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: FRF 330.00., ISBN 2-910239-09-8 (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0535.pdf

Papers presented at the annual Seminar of the School of Post-graduate Studies PROMEN in Nancy (France) on 26-27 May 1994. Main issues dealt with: particulate solids (production, flow dynamics, characterization); health and safety (aerosols and health at the workplace, dust explosions and damage to underground structures: influence of mining techniques); characterization of porous materials; homogenization and modelling. (68770)

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[ Top of page ]

005 Chemical safety

CIS 97-536 A laboratory method for generation of replicate filter samples of asbestos fibers in air. Skogstad A., Eduard W., Huser P.O., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.741-745. Illus. 14 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0536.pdf

An exposure chamber for generation of 10 replicate filter samples of asbestos fibres is described. The coefficient of variation of replicate samples from laboratory generated amosite aerosol was low (less than 2.6%) in samples with densities of 15 to 250 fibres/mm2. Air ionization by an ion source did not alter the variability of replicate samples at relative humidities of 40% or higher. The exposure chamber is of moderate weight and can also be used in the field for collection of replicate samples from working environments. (68617)

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CIS 97-537 Exposure to total and respirable minerals in an abrasive manufacturing facility. Granados-Correa F., García-Sosa I., Iturbe-García J.L., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.753-755. 13 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0537.pdf

Area and personal air sampling was carried out at a plant manufacturing abrasive materials. Samples were analyzed using neutron activation analysis and atomic absorption spectrometry. Concentrations of total and respirable dust were higher than their respective threshold limit values (TLVs). Of the individual elements present in the dust, only silicon exceeded the TLV. Other elements included aluminium, chromium, iron, magnesium, calcium, bromine, manganese, zinc, lead, nickel and vanadium. Use of respirators is recommended. (68619)

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CIS 97-538 Application of the thoracic sampling definition to fiber measurement. Baron P.A., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.820-824. 33 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0538.pdf

Estimation of fibres capable of entering the lungs is usually carried out by applying an upper diameter limit of 3µm in contrast optical microscopy. Use of this upper limit was compared with results expected from a sampler designed to collect fibres according to the thoracic definition, which includes the portion of inhalable particles that can pass the larynx. Calculations indicate that the 3µm upper diameter counting rule agrees with the thoracic definition within about ±25% for a wide range of possible fibre distributions. Until thoracic samplers are available for fibrous aerosols, use of the 3µm upper diameter limit may serve as a surrogate for thoracic sampling. (68634)

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CIS 97-539 Symposium on the health effects of fibrous materials (excluding asbestos) used in industry. Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, June 1996, Vol.12, No.3, p.243-384. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0539.pdf

Proceedings of a symposium held in Sydney, Australia, Oct. 1995. Papers include: evaluation of the potential health risks of man-made fibres; synthetic mineral fibre exposures before and after the Australian national exposure standard and code of practice; mortality among U.S. rock wool and wool slag workers; morbidity following exposure to man-made vitreous fibres; respiratory health of workers in the Australian glass wool and rock wool manufacturing industry; carcinogenicity of synthetic fibres in experimental animals and its significance for workers; toxicity of wool and cellulose fibres; health effects of wollastonite exposure; model for health surveillance for airborne contaminants and respiratory disease in glass wool manufacturing; assessing the biological activity of fibres. (68647)

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CIS 97-540 Case of calcified pleural plaque induced by asbestos exposure complicated with gastric cancer, asbestos pleurisy and malignant pleural mesothelioma. (Japanese: Sekimen bakuro ni yoru sekkai ka kyōmaku purāku keika kansatsu chū ni igan, sekimen kyōsui, akusei kyōmaku chūhishu wo gappei shita ichi shōrei) Kishimoto T., Fujioka H., Oke M., Onoshi T., Japanese Journal of Traumatology and Occupational Medicine, 10 Jan. 1996, Vol.44, No.7, p.464-468. Illus. 13 ref. (In Japanese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0540.pdf

A 84-year-old male had a history of asbestos exposure for 35 years as a electrician in shipyard beginning in 1929. Calcified pleural plaque was detected in chest X-rays in 1991. In 1992, he had early gastric cancer 62 years from the first exposure of asbestos; asbestos-induced pleurisy and malignant pleural mesothelioma occurred after 64 years. The gastric cancer was successfully treated by operation and the malignant mesothelioma by radiation. There should be careful follow-up of cases with pleural plaque in chest X-rays, because malignancy can appear for these cases 60 years after first exposure to asbestos. (68802)

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CIS 97-541 The fume hood in the laboratory - Can it still fulfill its tasks today and tomorrow?. (German: Der Laborabzug - Kann er seiner Aufgabe heute und morgen noch gerecht werden?) Hoffmann M., Sicherheitsingenieur, Mar. 1996, Vol.27, No.3, p.22-23. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0541.pdf

The German standard DIN 12924 Part 1 contains an illustration of a fume hood for chemical laboratories that does not provide the best possible protection of laboratory personnel against the exposure to harmful substances. An improved design is proposed. (68865)

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CIS 97-542 Workplace organization in laboratories where harmful substances are handled or with clean rooms. (German: Arbeitsplatz-Gestaltung und -Manipulation in verschiedenen Bereichen des Schadstoff- und Reinraumes chemischer Labors) Hilbers H., Gesundheits-Ingenieur, Feb. 1996, Vol.117, No.1, p.23-28. Illus. 4 ref. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0542.pdf

The design and ventilation of fume cupboards and fume hoods is discussed and illustrated. Recommendations are given for improvements in the protection of laboratory personnel against harmful substances. In addition, the design and ventilation of laboratories with clean rooms is covered. (68875)

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CIS 97-543 An investigation of systematic changes in occupational exposure. Symanski E., Kupper L.L., Kromhout H., Rappaport S.M., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.724-734. 39 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0543.pdf

Data on occupational exposures in a variety of industries worldwide were analyzed to evaluate the change in the mean level of exposure between two survey periods using mixed-effects models. It was concluded that, in the absence of changes known to affect exposure, data collected within a year are likely to result in relatively valid inferences about mean and variance parameters using models that assume stationarity; for periods extending beyond a year, systematic changes in exposure are more likely to occur. Exposure assessment strategies should be designed so that sufficient data are collected among groups of workers to investigate systematic changes and to ensure that appropriate statistical models are applied. (68615)

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CIS 97-544 Occupational exposure of nonsmoking nightclub musicians to environmental smoke. Bergman T.A., Johnson D.L., Boatright D.T., Smallwood K.G., Rando R.J., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.746-752. 27 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0544.pdf

Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) in three nightclubs was assessed using total suspended particulate (TSP), the ultraviolet absorbing fraction of TSP (UVPM), gaseous nicotine, saliva nicotine, saliva cotinine, and perceived smokiness as exposure/dose indicators. Measured exposures were as high as, or higher than, those of other occupational groups studied, including bartenders and waitresses. UVPM levels were associated with gaseous and saliva nicotine concentrations. Correlation of TSP with UVPM and with gaseous and saliva nicotine was poor, suggesting that TSP should not be used as the sole indicator of ETS exposure. Saliva nicotine did not appear to be a reliable indicator of absorbed dose. (68618)

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CIS 97-545 Retrospective beryllium exposure assessment at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. Barnard A.E., Torma-Krajewski J., Viet S.M., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.804-808. Illus. 13 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0545.pdf

Retrospective beryllium exposure in a beryllium machining shop was assessed using data from fixed airhead (FAH) sampling (for the period 1970-1988) and from personal breathing zone (PBZ) sampling (1984-1987). Average annual FAH results varied with changes in the local exhaust ventilation system and in production levels. No direct linear correlation was found between FAH and PBZ data. Mean PBZ results were higher than mean FAH results and indicated that workers were at least intermittently exposed to beryllium concentrations greater than the permissible exposure limit (2µg/m3). 53 cases of chronic beryllium disease (CBD) and 86 cases of sensitivity to beryllium were diagnosed at the plant. Limitations of the data are discussed. (68632)

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CIS 97-546 Direct measurement of hexahydrophthalic anhydride in workplace air with a transportable Fourier transform infrared spectrometer. Lindh C.H., Jönsson B.A.G., Welinder H.E., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.832-836. 14 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0546.pdf

A calibration method was developed for the determination of hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA) concentrations in air using a Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. Spectra were collected at a plant manufacturing electrical capacitors; a solid sorbent sampling method was used as a reference. Using the calibration method, HHPA concentrations were predicted from 52 spectra collected at the plant and compared with values obtained using the reference method. The limit of detection was 120µm/m3; precision was 22% at 150µm/m3 and 8% at 400µm/m3. The selection of different analytical parameters is discussed. The method provides a useful tool for the measurement of low levels of air contaminants. (68636)

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CIS 97-547 Evaluation of real-time techniques to measure hydrogen peroxide in air at the permissible exposure limit. Puskar M.A., Plese M.R., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.843-848. Illus. 13 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0547.pdf

Four real-time monitoring techniques were evaluated to determine their ability to accurately measure vapour phase hydrogen peroxide (VHP) concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 5ppm. The ion mobility spectrometer and Polytron approximated the NIOSH ±25% accuracy requirements for measuring the concentration of VHP at and near the current permissible exposure limit of 1.0ppm. However, both instruments had false readings when exposed to nominal concentrations of methanol, bleach and sulfur dioxide. The single point monitor and the Draeger tube were unable to accurately measure the concentration of VHP when the relative humidity was below 20%. (68638)

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CIS 97-548 Biotransformation in occupational medicine: The role of liver cytochrome P-450 in the mechanism of action and biological monitoring of occupational toxic substances. (Italian: La biotrasformazione in medicina del lavoro: ruolo del citocromo P-450 epatico nel meccanismo d'azione e nel monitoraggio biologico dei tossici occupazionali) Manno M., Saia B., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1994, Vol.85, No.1, p.11-21. Illus. 19 ref. (In Italian)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0548.pdf

Review of the important enzyme system involved in the biotransformation of industrial chemicals: cytochrome P-450. The study of the various metabolic reactions of this peculiar group of enzymes has contributed to a) the clarification of the mode of action of toxic and/or carcinogenic substances present in the work environment, such as aromatic amines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, halogenated alkanes, benzene compounds etc.; and b) the improvement of risk assessment in the biological monitoring of exposed workers. (68751)

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CIS 97-549 Genetic and individual differences in the process of biotransformation and their relevance for occupational medicine. Bolt H.M., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1994, Vol.85, No.1, p.37-48. Illus. 54 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0549.pdf

This review deals with the following genetically determined differences in the biotransformation of toxic chemicals: polymorphism in the activity of cholinesterases; (ii) polymorphism in the cytochrome P-450 isozyme; (iii) polymorphism in the N-acetyltransferase NAT-2; (iv) polymorphism in the glutathione-S- transferases mu and theta. These examples of polymorphism may affect the toxicity of industrial and workplace chemicals, such as (i) organophosphates, (ii) major solvents and monomers used in the manufacturing of plastics, (iii) aromatic amines and (iv) compounds like styrene/styrene oxide, methyl halides, dichloromethane and ethylene oxide. Individual differences in biotransformation have a considerable influence on biological monitoring strategies and on human risk assessment. (68752)

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CIS 97-550 A retrospective evaluation of exposure to dichloromethane by using a job-exposure matrix. (Italian: Valutazione retrospettiva della esposizione a diclorometano mediante una matrice mansione-esposizione) Cocco P., Dosemeci M., Gomez M. R., Heinemann E. H., Stewart P. A., Blair A., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1994, Vol.85, No.1, p.84-87. 3 ref. (In Italian)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0550.pdf

In this report of a case-control study that evaluated the association of occupational exposure to dichloromethane with astrocytic brain cancer, the efficacy of the following three features of a job-exposure matrix was tested: probability of exposure, exposure assessment by decade of exposure, and use of a more specific coding system of industries and occupations. The results show a reduction in exposure misclassification due to the introduction of these features. (68757)

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CIS 97-551 Shift work, nitrous oxide exposure and subfertility among Swedish midwives. Ahlborg G., Axelsson G., Bodin L., International Journal of Epidemiology, Aug. 1996, Vol.25, No.4, p.783-790. Illus. 37 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0551.pdf

By means of a questionnaire survey of approx. 4000 Swedish midwives born in 1940 or later, the probability of becoming pregnant in a given menstrual cycle was calculated for each category of exposure to nitrous oxide. The relationship of per-cycle probability of exposed workers to that of the unexposed was expressed as fecundability ratios (FRs). No significant effect of exposure was noted except in a small group (n=41) reporting that they assisted at more than 30 nitrous oxide deliveries per month (crude FR=0.51; FR adjusted for extraneous factors=0.63). The conclusion is that shift work and frequent, high levels of occupational exposure to nitrous oxide may have a negative influence on the ability of women to become pregnant. (68760)

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CIS 97-552 HPRT mutation frequencies in control human populations in Hungary. Jakab M.G., Major J., Tompa A., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.4, p.317-328. 47 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0552.pdf

Mutation frequencies in the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl-transferase (HPRT) genes in human peripheral blood lymphocytes were determined in two groups of donors: 101 healthy persons living and working in non-industrialized areas (historical controls), and 87 persons working in chemical industrial estates with no known exposure to genotoxic materials (industrial controls). The distribution of the variant frequency of HPRT point mutations showed no statistical difference between the two groups. Results are analyzed with respect to age, sex, smoking and drinking habits, seasonal factors and residential area. Implications for genotoxicological monitoring are discussed. (68775)

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CIS 97-553 Objective toxicity classification of chemicals on the basis of the statistical analysis of lethal doses and concentration curves. Sidorov K.K., Sanotski I.V., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.4, p.348-356. 4 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0553.pdf

The need for harmonization of existing toxicity and hazard classifications at the international level is discussed and an objective approach to toxicity classification is put forward. The method is based on an analysis of the distribution curves of lethal doses and concentrations of chemicals via gastrointestinal intake (4451 substances) and via inhalation (276 substances) in standard laboratory models (rodents). Based on this analysis, ranges of toxicity values (LD50 for gastrointestinal absorption and LC50 for inhalation exposure) are presented for the classification of substances as extremely, highly, moderately or slightly toxic. (68776)

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CIS 97-554 Acute changes in human EEG after exposure to low doses of oxydemeton methyl. Muttray A., Padberg F., Jung D., Rohlfing H.R., Schulz M., Konietzko J., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.4, p.367-378. 31 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0554.pdf

Electroencephalographic (EEG) changes were measured in a group of nine farmers after 30min crop spraying using the organophosphate pesticide, oxydemeton methyl. Analysis of blood samples and an estimation of skin contamination indicated that exposure was low; cholinesterase activity remained unchanged. For EEG measurements in the closed eye condition, the spectral power of the β2-band of a higher exposed group (4 farmers) was significantly elevated in comparison to a lower exposed group (7 farmers). Even low exposure to organophosphates may result in characteristic changes in the human EEG without a decrease in cholinesterase activity. (68777)

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CIS 97-555 Association between dental erosion and exposure to acids in a chemical factory. (Japanese: Ichi kagaku kojo ni okeru shokugyo sei shiga sanshoku sho to san bakuro tono kankei) Goto H., Hosaka M., Ueda T., Yoshida M., Hara I., Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Aug. 1996, Vol.38, No.4, p.165-171. Illus. 10 ref. (In Japanese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0555.pdf

An examination of dental erosion status and a semi-quantitative assessment of exposure to acids were carried out for 134 workers in a chemical factory in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Some 30.6% of the workers showed dental erosion of grade + or above, on a scale of - to 3+. Most of the erosion was observed in the front teeth. There were more eroded teeth in the upper jaw than in the lower jaw. The workers were divided into 4 groups according to job type at the time of the examination: production, research, clerical work and others. The production group, those routinely handling a large amount of various kinds of acids, had the highest proportion of workers with eroded teeth. Because some of the clerical workers had previously handled acids, this group of workers included a larger number with dental erosion than the other two groups. More than half of the workers who had been engaged in production had eroded teeth, including grade ±. The intensity of exposure to acids, as a semi-quantitative index for cumulative exposure to acids, was calculated for each worker from a score for the job type and its duration. A significant association was observed between the intensity and the manifestation of dental erosion. (68806)

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CIS 97-556 Study on allergic rhinitis in workers exposed to methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride. Yokota K., Joyama Y., Yamaguchi K., Fijiki Y., Takeshita T., Morimoto K., Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, Oct. 1996, Vol.1, No.3, p.133-135. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0556.pdf

Methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride (MTHPA) is used as a hardening agent in an epoxy resin system. Because work-related nasal symptoms were observed in some workers exposed to MTHPA at two condenser plants, a cross-sectional survey was performed to improve their work environment. Mean MTHPA levels in the manufacturing processes to which the workers were routinely assigned were extremely low (1.09-22.4µg/m3). However, specific IgE antibody (S-IgE) was detected in 9 (32%) of 28 workers. Of these, 8 (89%) had nasal symptoms. An IgE-mediated mechanism seems to be associated with at least some of the cases of work-related nasal symptoms. This indicates that the occupational health administration of MTHPA cannot be controlled simply by limiting exposure in the work environment. Total IgE (T-IgE) levels averaged 200.5 units/mL in S-IgE-positive workers and 51.3 units/mL in S-IgE-negative workers. This implies that workers in whom the T-IgE level is 80 IU/mL or less should be assigned to work in these manufacturing processes. (68810)

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CIS 97-557 Machining risk of beryllium disease and sensitization with median exposures below 2µg/m3. Kreiss K., Mroz M.M., Newman L.S., Martyny J., Zhen B., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.16-25. 11 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0557.pdf

The prevalence of beryllium sensitization in relation to work process and beryllium exposure measurements was examined in a beryllia ceramics plant that had operated since 1980. 97.8% of the workforce was interviewed, beryllium sensitization was ascertained with the beryllium lymphocyte proliferation blood test and historical industrial hygiene measurements were reviewed. Of eight beryllium-sensitized employees, six had granulomatous disease on transbronchial lung biopsy. Machinists had a sensitization rate of 14.3% compared to a rate of 1.2% among other employees. Daily weighted average (DWA) estimates of exposure for machining processes also exceeded estimates for other work processes in that time period, with a median DWA of 0.9µg/m3. Machining process DWAs accounted for the majority of DWAs exceeding the 2.0µg/m3 OSHA standard, with 8.1% of machining DWAs above the standard. It is concluded that lowering machining process-related exposures may be important in the lowering of risk of developing beryllium disease. (68583)

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CIS 97-558 Hypersensitivity pneumonitis-like reaction and occupational asthma associated with 1,3-bis(isocyanatomethyl) cyclohexane pre-polymer. Simpson C., Garabrant D., Torrey S., Robins T., Franzblau A., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.48-55. 26 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0558.pdf

Twenty three of 34 workers who had worked in the injection moulding operation making polyurethane foam parts at an automobile manufacturing plant developed respiratory symptoms and/or systemic symptoms over a 2-month period following the full production use of a new diisocyanate paint that contained 1,3-bis(isocyanatomethyl)cyclohexane pre-polymer (BIC). At 3 months, all subjects underwent an interview, physical examination, pre- and post-shift pulmonary function tests and either methacholine challenge test or bronchodilator challenge. The most frequently cited symptoms were dyspnoea, cough, chest tightness, chills, wheezing and myalgias, arthralgias and nausea. Thirteen subjects had either a positive methacholine challenge test or a positive response to bronchodilator challenge, making the overall prevalence of airway hyperresponsiveness 38%. The overall prevalence of hypersensitivity pneumonitis-like reactions among line operators in the injection moulding process was 27%. The results suggest that BIC may cause asthma and hypersensitivity pneumonitis-like reactions. (68587)

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CIS 97-559 Respiratory findings in workers not exposed to air pollutants. Zuskin E., Schachter E.N., Mustajbegovic J., Kern J., Bradic V., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.912-919. 35 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0559.pdf

In a study of 806 workers not exposed to any known air pollutants, prevalences of chronic respiratory symptoms were similar to those reported in community-based populations, with smokers experiencing more symptoms than nonsmokers. Acute symptoms during the work shift were reported only by smokers. Baseline lung function measurements were similar to those expected in community populations; across-shift increases observed in ventilatory capacity tests probably reflected normal diurnal variation. The finding that unexposed workers had similar respiratory findings to community populations suggests that the high symptom prevalences noted in workers exposed to air pollutants are the result of this exposure and are not confounded by work-related effects. (68607)

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CIS 97-560 Airborne contact dermatitis from East Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.). Gallo R., Guarrera M., Hausen B.M., Contact Dermatitis, July 1996, Vol.35, No.1, p.60-61. 7 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0560.pdf

A knifegrinder presented with dermatitis after working on knife handles made from East Indian rosewood. Exposure to the sawdust caused sneezing and coughing, and patch testing produced a positive reaction. The main allergens in the wood were dalbergiones. Results conform the strong irritant and allergic potential of this sawdust. (68650)

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CIS 97-561 Acute hexogen poisoning after occupational exposure: Report of two cases. (French: Intoxications aiguës professionnelles par l'hexogène, un explosif nitré original) Testud F., Glanclaude J.M., Imperator J., Le Meur B., Descotes J., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.342-346. 14 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0561.pdf

Two cases of hexogen-induced seizures after occupational exposure in a French explosive factory are described. The workers were hand-sieving large amounts of dry hexogen powder for four and six hours respectively. Recurrent seizures occurred despite anticonvulsant therapy, six and two hours after admission, respectively. Neurological examination was normal in both patients and both recovered uneventfully. Previous cases were found after a retrospective study of the factory's medical records. The available toxicological data on this rare occupational poisoning are reviewed. (68763)

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CIS 97-562 The effect of vapor polarity and boiling point on breakthrough for binary mixtures on respirator carbon. Robbins C.A., Breysse P.N., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.717-723. 24 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0562.pdf

The effect of component polarity and boiling point on the adsorption and breakthrough of a vapour in a binary mixture was investigated. Carbon beds were challenged with mixtures of vapours, and vapour concentrations were monitored using gas chromatography. While the polarity and boiling point of the vapours in the range tested appeared to be unimportant in predicting service life, an effect due to vapour boiling point was suggested. The presence of other vapours should be taken into account when estimating the service life of a respirator for a vapour in a mixture. (68614)

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CIS 97-563 The assigned protection factor according to ANSI. Nelson T.J., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.735-740. 35 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0563.pdf

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard for respiratory protection lists assigned protection factors (APFs) for various respirators. The APFs are based on reviews of workplace or laboratory studies of respirator performance. The APFs are listed, studies used for each type of respirator are described and summary statistics for each study are given. While more research is required on the performance of respirators in the field, the APFs assigned by the ANSI committee appear to be appropriate based on the limited amount of information available. (68616)

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CIS 97-564 Respirator cartridge service-life - Exposure to mixtures. Yoon Y.H., Nelson J.H., Lara J., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.809-819. Illus. 18 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0564.pdf

Expressions developed previously to assess the service-life of respirator cartridges exposed to binary systems were extended to address multicomponent mixtures. The procedure was tested by obtaining experimental breakthrough data for mixtures of compounds with widely varying breakthrough properties. Data showed that as exposure proceeds, a compound that is adsorbed relatively weakly by the carbon bed may be displaced by a more strongly adsorbed component. The approach described accounts for this displacement phenomenon which significantly influences the service-life of respirator cartridges exposed to multicomponent systems. (68633)

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CIS 97-565 Breakthrough times for vapors of organic solvents with low boiling points in steady-state and pulsating flows on respirator cartridges. Tanaka S., Haneda M., Taneka M., Kimura K., Seki Y., Industrial Health, 24 Jan. 1996, No.34, p.125-131. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0565.pdf

The breakthrough times of five organic solvents at various concentrations were measured with steady-state and pulsating flows for commercially available respirator cartridges. The relationship between the logarithmic vapour concentration and the logarithmic breakthrough time of each organic solvent showed an inverse correlation in both of the flow patterns. The organic solvents with lower boiling points had the shorter breakthrough times in both flow patterns. The ratios of the breakthrough times for pulsating flow to those for steady-state flow were lower than 0.9 when the vapour concentrations were higher than 600ppm for ethylacetate, methylacetate, acetone and dichloromethane. That is, the breakthrough in the case of pulsating flow tends to occur earlier than in the steady-state case for a highly concentrated vapours of organic solvents with low boiling points. (68808)

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CIS 97-566 Breakthrough time of a respirator cartridge for carbon tetrachloride vapor flow of workers' respiratory patterns. Tanaka S., Taneka M., Kimura K., Nozaki K., Seki Y., Industrial Health, 22 Apr. 1996, No.34, p.227-236. Illus. 17 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0566.pdf

Breakthrough times of a commercially-available respirator cartridge packed with a small amount of activated carbon were determined with three different flow patterns: workers' respiratory patterns, conventional steady-state flows, and three standard patterns consisting of square, sine and sawtooth waves. A mechanical breathing simulator was used to reproduce the three standard wave patterns as well as the workers' respiratory patterns, which had been recorded from three workers wearing a gas mask equipped with a respirator cartridge. The breakthrough test was carried out with 300ppm carbon tetrachloride vapour at average flow rates of the respiratory and standard patterns equivalent to the steady-state flow rates. The breakthrough times for the simulated workers' respiratory patterns were shorter than those for a steady-state flow at the equivalent flow rate, and to be as short as those for sine and sawtooth wave patterns. The shorter breakthrough times for the workers' respiratory patterns could be attributed to a faster maximum inspiratory flow rate than that in the case of steady-state flow. This suggests that the transit time of carbon tetrachloride molecules through the thin activated carbon layer of the respirator cartridge may be too short to permit attainment of adsorption equilibrium. (68809)

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CIS 97-567 Pesticide application and increased dioxin body burden in male and female agricultural workers in China. Schecter A.J., Li L., Ke J., Fürst P., Fürst C., Päpke O., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.906-911. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0567.pdf

Following large-scale spraying of the pesticide sodium pentachlorophenol (Na-PCP) salt over agricultural and lake areas in China in the 1970s, dioxin levels were determined in sprayers or handlers of Na-PCP, and in persons living in sprayed and non-sprayed areas. Blood and breast-milk samples were collected and pooled for dioxin analysis, and samples of lake sediment were analyzed. Levels of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/F) in human tissue were found to be low in China compared with more industrialized countries. However, environmental and human tissue samples from sprayed areas had PCDD/F levels and international dioxin toxic equivalent (I-TEQ) levels several times higher than those from non-sprayed areas. (68606)

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CIS 97-568 The role of biotransformation in assessing the toxicological risk from pesticides. (Italian: Ruolo della biotrasformazione nella valutazione del rischio tossicologico da pesticidi) Maroni M., Bersani M., Medicina del lavoro, Jan.-Feb. 1994, Vol.85, No.1, p.49-54. Illus. 10 ref. (In Italian)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0568.pdf

The knowledge of metabolic processes and the measurement of metabolites of pesticides are fundamental for the evaluation of their toxic effects and of their persistence in the environment and biological tissues. In this review atrazine is discussed as an example of an environmental pollutant undergoing biotransformation processes. (68753)

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CIS 97-569 The California pesticide program: Comments from the front lines. Lessenger J.E., Journal of Agromedicine, 1996, Vol.3, No.4, p.57-68. 19 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0569.pdf

The California pesticide safety programme is discussed from the point of view of a physician practising in an agriculture-rich area. The programme has 8 components: mandatory reporting of pesticide illness; tracking of pesticide sales; transportation and use; cholinesterase testing for applicators; integrated pest management; pest control advisers; safety and pest control operator programmes; physician education; pesticide regulation. Key points of each component are discussed and recommendations for improvement are put forward. (68773)

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CIS 97-570 Two case reports of neurological disease in coal mine preparation plant workers. Mulloy K.B., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.56-61. 9 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0570.pdf

Cases of neurotoxicity related to occupational exposures at plants producing acrylamide monomers have been reported in medical literature. However, cases involving neurotoxicity related to jobs using polymers with acrylamide monomer contamination have not been widely reported. In 1992, two patients who had worked in different coal preparation plants in southern West Virginia for over 10 years and had exposure to an acrylamide polymer flocculent contaminated with acrylamide monomer were evaluated. Neither patient had any instruction in the proper use or dangers of acrylamide or was given adequate safety equipment. One of the patients developed parkinsonism and the other, peripheral neuropathies with a neurogenic bladder. Many chemicals are being introduced into mining operations and awareness of potentially toxic exposures and new diseases not previously reported in the mining industry must become part of the surveillance system. Further research on the extent of acrylamide neurotoxicity in the mining industry is encouraged. (68588)

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CIS 97-571 Mineralogical data and occupational exposure to dusts in Quebec mines. (French: Données minéralogiques et exposition professionnelle aux poussières dans les mines du Québec) Gagné L., Gérin M., Perrault G., Travail et santé, Mar. 1996, Vol.12, No.1, p.S-2 to S-6. 20 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0571.pdf

The objective of this study was to qualitatively evaluate the occupational exposure of Quebec miners to potentially present and/or unsuspected dusts. Results are presented as tables (matrices) linking the specific mines with worker exposure to the various substances. Partial validation was accomplished by comparing these assessments with dust characterizations done by the Quebec Occupational Health and Safety Research Institute for six of the mines. It appears that mine workers may be exposed to mineral dusts containing not only the substance of primary commercial interest and/or usually monitored, but also other substances originating from the mineralization process e.g. asbestos, talc, mica and arsenic in certain gold mines. This matrix constitutes an inventory that could be used by hygienists as a tool to systematically identify potential exposures in Quebec mines. (68915)

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CIS 97-572 Exposure to n-hexane in organic chemistry laboratory: The case of university laboratories. (French: L'exposition au n-hexane en laboratoire de chimie organique: cas de laboratoires universitaires) Klerlein M., Gutenberg V., Karlf M., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.347-352. 17 réf. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0572.pdf

Evaluation of chemical hazards in research laboratories is very difficult because of the great variety of working conditions, the very high number of products employed and the particular mobility of the persons exposed. In order to evaluate the reality of this hazard, the exposure to n-hexane, a solvent widely used in the organic chemistry research laboratories, was studied at the Louis Pasteur University in Strasbourg, France. The study included urine analysis of 2,5-hexane-dione, a biomarker of n-hexane exposure, and an evaluation of colour discrimination. Two groups of 11 subjects, exposed and non-exposed, age and sex matched, took part in the study. There was no difference between the two groups neither for urine analysis nor for chromatic sense. This tends to prove that the real level of chronic exposure to volatile toxic hazards is probably low in these research laboratories and that the limited protection currently used is still adapted to the level of risk. (68764)

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CIS 97-573 Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in individuals exposed to long-term low concentrations of toluene. Vrca A., Karačić V., Božičević D., Božikov V., Malinar M., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.62-66. 23 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0573.pdf

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of long-term exposure to low concentration of toluene on the central nervous system by using brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs). Forty nine printing plant workers occupationally exposed to low concentrations of toluene for an average of 20.3 years and 59 non-exposed controls were examined. The level of exposure to toluene was evaluated by defining the concentration of toluene in peripheral blood and the concentration of hippuric acid and ortho-cresol in urine. In the group of exposed workers, a significant decrease in all wave amplitudes examined, a significant prolongation of P1 wave latency and an increased interval of interpeak latencies (P3-P5) were found. This indicates that the extramedullary and high medullary part of the auditory pathway are biologically most frequently affected by long-term exposure to low concentrations of toluene. (68589)

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CIS 97-574 Mortality and lung cancer in ceramic workers in the Netherlands: Preliminary results. Meijers J.M.M, Swaen G.M.H., Slangen J.J.M., American Journal of Industrial Medicine, July 1996, Vol.30, No.1, p.26-30. 27 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0574.pdf

A retrospective cohort study in 1794 male ceramic workers in the Netherlands was carried out to analyze the lung cancer risk in relation to crystalline silica exposure and silicosis. They had all been employed for two years or longer in ceramic industries between 1972 and 1982. During a health survey, 124 cases of simple pneumoconiosis were diagnosed. After 14 years of follow-up, 161 deaths had occurred. No increased overall and cause-specific mortality was found in the total group of ceramic workers and a statistically significant cumulative dose-response relation for silica exposure and lung cancer did not emerge. An excess lung cancer mortality appeared among workers with simple pneumoconiosis. The authors conclude that the disease process resulting in silicosis in the ceramic industry carries an increased risk of lung cancer, which is supportive of a nongenotoxic pathway. (68584)

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CIS 97-575 Occupational sensitization to epoxy resin and reactive diluents in marble workers. Angelini G., Rigano L., Foti C., Grandolfo M., Veña G.A., Bonamonte D., Soleo L., Scorpiniti A., Contact Dermatitis, July 1996, Vol.35, No.1, p.11-16. 17 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0575.pdf

Ten out of 22 marble workers handling a resin containing epoxy resin and ortho-cresyl glycidyl ether (CGE) developed contact dermatitis and airborne contact dermatitis within 20 days to 2 months of exposure. The 10 symptomatic subjects all showed positive patch test reactions to the reactive diluent CGE and four of them also to epoxy resin. Some other glycidyl ethers also gave positive reactions. Possible sensitization mechanisms are discussed. The problem was partly solved by changing the type of glycidyl ether and installing exhaust ventilation along the resination line. (68648)

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CIS 97-576 Occupational contact dermatitis in a beautician. O'Reilly F.M., Murphy G.M., Contact Dermatitis, July 1996, Vol.35, No.1, p.47-48. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0576.pdf

A beautician with exposure to a wide variety of cosmetics, including depilatory wax, presented with a 6-month history of hand eczema. Patch testing showed reactions to nickel, colophony, quaternium 15, and a proprietary cream wax containing colophony. Avoidance of wax and of cosmetics containing quaternium 15 resulted in total remission of the eczema. (68649)

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CIS 97-577 Human performance during exposure to toluene. Rahill A.A., Weiss B., Morrow P.E., Frampton M.W., Cox C., Gibb R., Gelein R., Speers D., Utell M.J., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, July 1996, Vol.67, No.7, p.640-647. 20 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0577.pdf

Six adults were exposed to either conditioned room air or 100ppm toluene for 6h, including 30min of exercise. Physiological and neuropsychological assessments were carried out. Following exercise, the mean blood and exhaled air toluene levels averaged 1.5µg and 28ppm respectively; lung function was unchanged post-exposure. Both the brief neuropsychological tests and the prolonged multitask performance tests detected an effect of toluene. Differences in performance between air and toluene conditions were greatest after exercise, indicating that physical activity may enhance the response to volatile organic solvents. (68663)

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CIS 97-578 Toxicology of man-made organic fibres. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Apr. 1996. vii, 69p. 224 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0578.pdf

This report describes the nature of man-made organic fibres (MMOF) and reviews the available data on occupational exposure, health effects and toxicology. It concludes that most MMOF have a limited tendency to form respirable-sized fibre-shaped particulates (RFP). Available epidemiologic studies are inadequate to exclude or establish a human health risk. Toxicological data suggest that the hazard, if any, of MMOF-RFP is different both qualitatively and quantitatively from that of mineral fibres. Current data are insufficient to justify a classification for carcinogenicity or a specific occupational exposure limit for MMOF. Future research needs are outlined. (68687)

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CIS 97-579 Enterprises and local government: How to deal with the asbestos hazard?. (French: Entreprises & collectivités locales: comment réagir face au risque amiante?) Euroforum, 35 rue Greneta, 75002 Paris, France, 1996. 155p. Illus. Bibl.ref. Price: FRF 1,222.88. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0579.pdf

Proceedings of a conference on the prevention of asbestos hazards in France (20-21 March 1996). Topics of the 14 papers presented: present state of asbestos legislation in France; how to identify asbestos-containing materials and how to evaluate asbestos pollution in the atmosphere; strategy of the French national electrical utility for the decommissioning of production facilities; qualifications for employees who are exposed to asbestos during their regular work; the attitude of one local government body to the presence of asbestos in a local conference centre; first findings of an asbestos survey of schools and universities; asbestos control agencies in France; responsibilities on asbestos decontamination sites; the market for personal protective equipment; asbestos replacement products; problems caused by the complete elimination of asbestos. In annex: text of the Asbestos Decrees (Feb. 1996, see CIS 96-404); some press cuttings related to asbestos. (68852)

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CIS 97-580 Difluoromethane (HFC-32) CAS No.75-10-5. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, May 1995. v, 23p. 30 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0580.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: there are no reports of adverse human health effects due to difluoromethane. Animal studies indicate that acute inhalation toxicity is very low; toxic effects were apparent only at very high concentrations. No mutagenic effects have been observed. (68628)

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CIS 97-581 1,1-Dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (HCFC-123) CAS No.306-83-2. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Feb. 1996. vi, 55p. 94 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0581.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: there are no reports of adverse health effects attributable to exposure to 1,1-dichloro-2,2,2-trifluoroethane. Animal studies indicate that it has a low acute toxicity; neurotoxic effects are seen at very high concentrations. (68629)

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CIS 97-582 Methacrylic acid CAS No.79-41-4. European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals, Avenue E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4, Bte. 6, 1160 Bruxelles, Belgium, Mar. 1996. vi, 53p. 198 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0582.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: there are reports of irritation of the eyes and upper airways in human volunteers exposed to methacrylic acid (MAA) vapour; the substance has a low sensitization potential. No adverse systemic effects have been reported. Animal studies of methyl methacrylate (which is metabolized to MAA and methanol in animals and humans) suggest that MAA is not expected to have genotoxic, carcinogenic or teratogenic potential. Guidelines for first aid, safe handling and waste disposal are outlined. (68630)

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CIS 97-583 Glove resistance to chemical mixtures - Report. (French: La résistance des gants aux mélanges de produits chimiques - Rapport) Lara J., Hetelson H., Drolet D., Institut de recherche en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST), Direction des communications, 505 boul. de Maisonneuve Ouest, Montréal, Québec H3A 3C2, Canada, June 1995. i, 45p. Illus. 22 ref. Price: CAD 5.35 + CAD 15.00 mailing charges., ISBN 2-551-13529-X (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0583.pdf

Main subjects dealt with in this report on glove resistance to chemical products: solubility and diffusion of solvents through polymeric materials; permeability testing and results of experiments with different solvents (pure and mixtures). (68894)

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CIS 97-584 Epidemiologic study on solvent-induced diseases. (German: Studie über die Epidemiologie lösemittelbedingter Erkrankungen) Frentzel-Beyme R., Domizlaff I., Umweltbundesamt, Postfach 33 00 22, 14191 Berlin, Germany, 1995. 235p. 436 ref., ISBN 3-503-03815-9 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0584.pdf

The present knowledge of the toxic and carcinogenic effects caused by exposure to solvents in the varnish industry from published case studies and epidemiologic studies is reviewed. The following solvents are covered: butyl alcohol, butyl acetate, carbon disulfide, chloromethane, dichloromethane, dimethylformamide, ethyl acetate, glycol ethers, methoxyethanol, cellosolve, hexane, isopropyl alcohol, methanol, 2-hexanone, butanone, styrene, toluene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, trichloroethylene and xylene. (68908)

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CIS 97-585 Harmful substances in offset printing plants: Exposure concentrations. (German: Gefahrstoffe in Offsetdruckereien: Stoffbelastungen) Hohmann R., Wölfel V., Görner B., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 101110, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1996. 37p. Illus. 33 ref. Price: DEM 15.00., ISBN 3-89429-674-7 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0585.pdf

Exposure to organic solvents was determined in 24 small and medium printing plants in Germany. A total of 92 workplaces with rotary and sheet-fed offset printing machines, using wetting and cleaning agents regularly, were covered by the measurements taken between 1992 and 1994. In the 257 personal samples which were analyzed, the principal substances identified were 2-propanol and various hydrocarbons. The average concentrations of 2-propanol and total hydrocarbons over the 8-hour workshifts ranged from 0.1 to 164mL/m3 and from 0.1 to 68mL/m3, respectively. None of the measured concentrations exceeded the exposure limits. (68879)

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CIS 97-586 Leakage control on liquefied toxic gases storage (I). (Spanish: Control de fugas en almacenamientos de gases licuados tóxicos (I)) Méndez Bernal B., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 8p. Illus. 11 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0586.pdf

Contents of this information note on storage of liquefied toxic gases: objective; toxicity criteria; physical properties of gases; storage areas, including ventilation, safe distances, safety rules, design, maintenance, containers, and inspection. (68737)

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CIS 97-587 Leakage control on liquefied toxic gases storage (II). (Spanish: Control de fugas en almacenamientos de gases licuados tóxicos (II)) Méndez Bernal B., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 6p. Illus. 11 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0587.pdf

Contents of this information note on leakage control in the storage of liquefied gases: leakage detection (catalytic, electrical and chemical detectors) and control; measures against gas emission and liquid spillage; safety measures, including personal protective equipment. (68738)

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CIS 97-588 Suffocation risk by underoxygenation when using inert gases. (Spanish: Riesgo de asfixia por suboxigenación en la utilización de gases inertes) Alonso Valle F., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 6p. Illus. 5 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0588.pdf

Contents of this information note on suffocation risk of inert gases and preventive measures: introduction and objective; scope (helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon); physical properties, use and containers of inert gases; risk of lack of oxygen due to the use of inert gases (confined spaces, semi-confined spaces, underground work, etc.); preventive measures, in particular ventilation; action in case of accident. (68740)

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CIS 97-589 Dustiness of powders and materials. Health and Safety Executive, Health and Safety Laboratory, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 10p. Illus. 12 ref. Price: GBP 5.00., ISBN 0-7176-1268-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0589.pdf

This data sheet presents a method for determining the health-related dustiness of powders and materials used in industrial processes. Principle: a measured mass of material is tumbled in a rotating drum through which air is passed at a known flowrate for a fixed time. The resulting dust cloud is passed through a three-stage dust sampling system comprising two size-selective foams and a filter. The masses of dust collected are determined by weighing the foams and filters before and after the measurement run. The total amount of dust collected gives a measure of the dustiness in terms of the inhalable fraction. Thoracic and respirable fractions may be calculated from the amounts passing through the size-selective foams. (68721)

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CIS 97-590 Chemical hazard communication. U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Publications Office, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington D.C. 20210, USA, 1994. iii, 19p. 19 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0590.pdf

This booklet describes the requirements of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standard on the communication of information concerning hazardous chemicals. Responsibilities of manufacturers, importers, distributors and employers are explained in relation to: hazard evaluation; contents of a workplace written hazard communication programme; labels and other forms of warning; material safety data sheets; employee information and training; and disclosure of confidential information. Other sources of OSHA assistance are described. (68591)

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CIS 97-591 Control of smoke from laser/electric surgical procedures. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, 1996, 1998 (rev.). 2p. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc11.html
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0591.pdf

This data sheet describes measures for the control of smoke caused by the thermal destruction of tissue during surgical procedures using a laser or electrosurgical unit. Recommended techniques include a combination of general room and local exhaust ventilation, and use of smoke evacuators and room suction systems. (68626)

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CIS 97-592 COSHH - The new brief guide for employers. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1996. 16p. 24 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0592.pdf

This leaflet provides guidance on the main requirements of the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) 1994 (see CIS 95-19). Contents: health effects of hazardous substances; substances covered by the Regulations; assessing the risks; choice of precautions; preventing or controlling exposure; ensuring that control measures are used and maintained; monitoring exposure; health surveillance; recording and reviewing the assessment; information of employees. (68645)

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CIS 97-593 Volatile organic compounds in air. Health and Safety Executive, Occupational Medicine and Hygiene Laboratory, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Mar. 1993. 12p. 11 ref. Price: GBP 2.50., ISBN 0-11-885692-8 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0593.pdf

A method for the measurement of airborne concentrations of individual compounds and of components of volatile organic mixtures is described. Principle: a measured volume of air is drawn through one or more sorbent tubes containing an appropriate sorbent; the collected vapour is desorbed by heat and transferred to a gas chromatograph equipped with a suitable capillary column and a flame ionization detector. Different sorbents are recommended for different ranges of compounds. The method is valid for the measurement of airborne vapours in the concentration range 0.2 to 100mg/m3 individual organic for samples of 2.5 litres of air. (68655)

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CIS 97-594 Mercury: Medical guidance notes. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 5p. 7 ref. Price: GBP 4.00., ISBN 0-7176-1252-X (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0594.pdf

This data sheet describes the toxic effects of mercury and provides guidance on the monitoring and protection of exposed workers. Contents: occupational exposure limits (0.025mg/m3 8h TWA elemental mercury vapour or divalent inorganic compounds); sources of exposure; adsorption and elimination; clinical effects (acute and chronic poisoning, effects on the central nervous systems and kidneys, skin sensitization); control of exposure; notification of mercury poisoning; health surveillance before and during work with mercury; information of employees; exposure to organic mercury compounds. (68722)

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CIS 97-595 Classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances: Council Directives (67/548/EEC and its adaptations). (Spanish: Clasificación, envasado y etiquetado de sustancias peligrosas: Directivas de la CEE (67/548/CEE y siguientes)) Berenguer Subils M.J., Gadea Carrera E., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 6p. Illus. 4 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0595.pdf

Analysis of Council Directive 67/548/EEC of 27 June on the harmonization of legislation concerning the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances (CIS 92-23) and subsequent Directives (92/32/EEC (CIS 92-726) and 93/101/EEC). Reference to Spanish Royal Decree 2216/85 of 23 October (CIS 96-1191). Contents: introduction; scope; classification of dangerous substances; packaging and labelling; classification criteria, specific risks (R-phrases) and safety advice (S-phrases). (68732)

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CIS 97-596 Contact allergy to metals and their salts. (French: Allergie de contact aux métaux et à leurs sels) Cavelier C., Foussereau J., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1996, No.67, p-199-238. approx. 400 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0596.pdf

The principal topics of this information note are: allergy tests and allergological investigations; chromium; nickel; cobalt; mercury; palladium; other metals; differential diagnosis. In annex: hard metals; metal plating; alloys; basic data on corrosion; table of concentrations used in tests for allergies to various metallic salts. (68919)

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CIS 97-597 Hazardous gases and fumes: A safety handbook. Warren P., Butterworth Heinemann, Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP, United Kingdom, 1997. xx, 189p. Illus. 9 ref. Index. Price: GBP 25.00., ISBN 0-7506-2090-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0597.pdf

This manual contains essential information on the following aspects of handling dangerous gases and fumes used in the workplace: methods of measuring gases with gas detection equipment; safety precautions and planning; first aid and medical treatment of injured or exposed persons; personal safety equipment; occupational health (principles). Most of the book is taken up by approx. 70 datasheets, each concerned with a dangerous gas/fume or group of gases/fumes. Each datasheet provides the following information: chemical formula; hazard labels; exposure limits; description; properties; detection methods; precautions when using the gas/fume; occupational health; first aid instructions. Also: abbreviations used; glossary of medical terms. (68940)

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CIS 97-598 Preventing dermatitis at work - Advice for employers and employees. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 12p. 1 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0598.pdf

This leaflet explains the causes of occupational dermatitis, highlights industries with the highest risk, and describes duties of employers and employees. Precautionary measures include identification of substances likely to cause dermatitis, selection of alternative chemicals or processes, and use of protective clothing and skin creams. Legal requirements are outlined. (68692)

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CIS 97-599 Absorption of chemical substances through the skin. (Spanish: Absorción de sustancias químicas por la piel) Arenaz Erburu J.C., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 8p. 21 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0599.pdf

Contents of this information note on skin absorption of toxic substances: introduction and objective; factors influencing skin absorption of chemicals; basic preventive measures; list of about 270 chemicals with possible skin absorption, including chemical name, CAS number, lethal dose 50, and toxicity. (68736)

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CIS 97-600 Farmer's lung. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Dec. 1995. 8p. 7 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0600.pdf

This leaflet explains how dust from hay, straw, grain and other farm products can cause farmer's lung and other diseases (mushroom worker's lung, harvest worker's lung, poultry breeder's lung). Protective measures include: not creating more dust than is necessary when working; ensuring that machinery contains dust as far as possible; ventilation; good housekeeping; protective clothing; wearing respiratory protective equipment (RPE). Includes guidance on legal requirements, health checks, and selection and use of RPE. (68684)

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CIS 97-601 COSHH in forestry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1996. 12p. 14 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0601.pdf

This leaflet provides practical advice to the forestry industry on duties under the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) 1994 (see CIS 95-19): duties of employers, employees and the self-employed; assessing the risks; getting information on exposure evaluation and exposure limits; choice of control measures; examples of hazards and controls in forestry (pesticides, exhaust emissions, smoke, welding fume, vegetation, microorganisms, machine fluids). (68643)

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CIS 97-602 Control of wood dust. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, Sep. 1996. 7 data sheets. Illus. 11 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc4.html
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc5.html
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc6.html
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc7.html
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc8.html
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc9.html
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/hc10.html
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0602.pdf

These seven data sheets describe measures for the control of wood dust from specific woodworking machines: horizontal belt sanders; shapers; automated routers; large diameter disc sanders; random orbital hand sanders; orbital hand sanders; table saws. Measures include exhaust ventilation, use of a jet stripper system, and fitting a dust control plenum. (68625)

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CIS 97-603 Supply of chemicals to printers. Health and Safety Commission, Printing Industry Advisory Committee, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1996. 16p. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0603.pdf

This leaflet provides brief guidance on the legal requirements for the provision of health and safety information for chemicals used in the printing industry. Information which must be included in safety data sheets is described and advice is given on how this information may be used by printers. (68641)

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CIS 97-604 Dermatitis in printing. Health and Safety Commission, Printing Industry Advisory Committee, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 8p. 4 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0604.pdf

This leaflet provides advice on the prevention of dermatitis in the printing industry: duties of employers; substances that can cause dermatitis; precautionary measures (reducing skin contact, selection and use of protective equipment, skin creams, personal hygiene); managing the introduction of new processes or chemicals; reporting cases of dermatitis. (68691)

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[ Top of page ]

006 Fires, explosions and major hazards

CIS 97-605 Assessment of the uniformity of the Interim Jet Fire Test procedure. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. vi, 205p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: GBP 75.00., ISBN 0-7176-1215-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0605.pdf

The Interim Jet Fire Test (IJFT) procedure for determining the effectiveness of passive fire protection materials involves the sonic release of propane vapour directed at a flat test specimen. Tests were carried out at three test laboratories to assess the uniformity of results. It was concluded that the IJFT procedure is a workable procedure which can be used by test laboratories to carry out jet fire testing; consideration should be given to ensuring more uniformity in the reporting of results. Recommendations for changes to the procedure are put forward. (68729)

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CIS 97-606 Evaluation study of models used in predicting smoke and gas ingress on offshore structures. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 36p. 4 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-1229-5 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0606.pdf

This report describes the development of a procedure for the evaluation of technical models and the application of the procedure to models for the prediction of smoke and gas ingress on offshore structures. Four models, representing four generic types, were evaluated: empirical, phenomenological, computational fluid dynamics, and physical models. The models are compared and general conclusions concerning their suitability in the present context are discussed. (68658)

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CIS 97-607 Kuwait Scientific Mission - Volume 1: Mission Overview, July 1992. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. 77p. Illus. 1 ref. Price: GBP 40.00., ISBN 0-7176-1242-2 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0607.pdf

This report describes a project to collect data on the characteristics of real hydrocarbon fires burning in the oil fields of Kuwait during 1991. An introduction to oil industry fire hazards is presented followed by descriptions of the oil well fires in Kuwait and the fire monitoring and data collection activities. Comprehensive, but uninterpreted, data for seven jet fires are provided. (68677)

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CIS 97-608 Review of emergency lighting and way-guidance systems for offshore structures. Webber G.M.B., Shipp M.P., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 77p. Illus. 101 ref. Price: GBP 25.00., ISBN 0-7176-1269-4 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0608.pdf

Current national and international codes and draft codes for emergency lighting and way-guidance systems are reviewed. Factors to be considered for application of the codes in hazardous areas are outlined, and emergency lighting standards and electrical and non-electrical way-guidance standards are assessed for potential application offshore. Findings from studies of the effects of smoke on the visibility of signs are also presented. While there is no single code that specifies appropriate criteria for offshore way-guidance systems, some current standards for emergency lighting remain applicable. (68679)

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CIS 97-609 Kuwait Scientific Mission - Volume 2: Technical Report, July 1992. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. ix, 229p. Illus. Price: GBP 55.00., ISBN 0-7176-1243-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0609.pdf

This report presents a detailed description of measurements made of flame geometry, thermal radiation characteristics and flame temperatures of fires burning in the oil fields of Kuwait during 1991. Instrumentation and data analysis techniques are described and results are presented for seven well head jet fires. (68730)

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CIS 97-610 The regulation of major hazards in France, Germany, Finland and the Netherlands. Jones A.V., Health and Safety Executive (HSE), HSE Books, P.O.Box 1999, Sudbury CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1997. x, 258p. Illus. 11 ref. Price: GBP 70.00., ISBN 0-7176-1349-6 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0610.pdf

A comparative study of major hazards legislation in four Member States of the European Union. The following aspects are covered for each country: survey of the legal, administrative and regulatory arrangements for major hazards; inspection arrangements; approaches for safety and risk assessment and the assessment of safety management systems; emergency planning and land use planning arrangements; anticipated changes in the light of the new Seveso II directive (96/82/EC). (68706)

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CIS 97-611 Gas appliances - Get them checked, keep them safe. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 6p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0611.pdf

This leaflet describes the risks of carbon monoxide poisoning from gas appliances which have been poorly installed or maintained. Legal requirements for the safe installation and use of these appliances are outlined. (68741)

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CIS 97-612 On-site emergency plan in chemical industries - Practical guide. (Spanish: Planes de emergencia interior en la industria química - Guía de elaboración) Pérez Guerrero A., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 8p. Illus. 5 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0612.pdf

This information note presents basic criteria for the development of on-site emergency plans in the chemical industry. Reference to Spanish Royal Decree 886/1988 of 5 August. Contents: introduction; classification by activity (example); on-site and external emergency plans; basic information in emergency organization; hazard evaluation; responsibility areas; emergency manual according to the emergency degree; implementation; upkeeping. Graphics included. (68734)

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CIS 97-613 On-site emergency plan spreading to chemical industries workers. (Spanish: Divulgación de planes de emergencia interior a los trabajadores de la industria química) Pérez Guerrero A., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 6p. Illus. 11 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0613.pdf

Contents of this information note on dissemination of information on on-site emergency plans in the chemical industry: introduction and preliminaries; implementation; information posters; personnel action cards; information to external personnel; simulation exercises. Reference to information note on emergency organization in the chemical industry (NTP 334-1994). (68739)

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[ Top of page ]

007 Electrical safety

CIS 97-614 Safety of hand-held motor-operated electric tools - Part 2: Particular requirements for circular saws and circular knives. (French: Sécurité des outils électroportatifs à moteur - Partie 2: Règles particulières pour les scies circulaires et les couteaux circulaires) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3 rue de Varembé, Case postale 131, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 2nd ed., July 1993. 37p. Illus. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0614.pdf

This international standard applies to all types of circular saws and circular knives used for cutting any kind of material. It forms the second edition of IEC 745-2-5 and replaces the first edition (CIS 83-1524). This part is intended to be used with the first edition of IEC 745-1: Safety of hand-held motor-operated electric tools, Part 1: General requirement (CIS 83-631). (68891)

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CIS 97-615 Safety of transportable motor-operated electric tools - Part 2: Particular requirements for single spindle vertical moulders. (French: Sécurité des machines-outils électriques semi-fixes - Partie 2: Règles de sécurité particulières pour les toupies monobroches) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3 rue de Varembé, Case postale 131, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Apr. 1995. 41p. Illus. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0615.pdf

This international standard applies to transportable single spindle vertical moulders with a maximum cutter block diameter of 180mm. This part is to be used in conjunction with the first edition of IEC 1029-1 (CIS 94-1714) and supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses. (68892)

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CIS 97-616 Safety of transportable motor-operated electric tools - Part 2: Particular requirements for mitre saws. (French: Sécurité des machines-outils électriques semi-fixes - Partie 2. Règles de sécurité particulières pour les scies à onglet) International Electrotechnical Commission, 3 rue de Varembé, Case postale 131, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Apr. 1995. 21p. Illus. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0616.pdf

This international standard applies to transportable mitre saws intended for cutting non-ferrous metals such as aluminium, wood and similar materials with a blade diameter not exceeding 400mm. This part is to be used in conjunction with the first edition of IEC 1029-1 (CIS 94-1714) and supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses. (68893)

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[ Top of page ]

008 Physical hazards

CIS 97-617 Factors influencing the implementation of noise control programs in industry. Foster G., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.471-475. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0617.pdf

Follow-up surveys were conducted in 14 workplaces where earlier surveys had included recommendations for noise control treatments. 57% of the companies surveyed had implemented at least some of the recommended measures. Factors influencing implementation included: a well-informed and motivated management; availability of a noise policy plan and a motivated person to drive the noise control programme; ease and cost of control implementation; and provision of engineering details in the original survey report. While noise control can be expensive, there are many inexpensive treatments which can be done in-house. (68598)

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CIS 97-618 Effect of operator seat design on vibration exposure. Özkaya N., Goldsheyder D., Willems B., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.837-842. Illus. 23 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0618.pdf

Vibration measurements were carried out for three different operator seats on a metropolitan subway train. All variables other than the seat were constant. Results were analyzed to assess the effectiveness of each seat in reducing the mechanical vibrations transmitted to the operator. Seats with complex designs, and which appeared to be more comfortable and ergonomically correct, transmitted more overall vibration levels to the operators than did seats with relatively simple designs. Structural differences in the seats which may explain these results are discussed. (68637)

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CIS 97-619 Occupant generated carbon dioxide as a measure of dilution ventilation efficiency. Jankovic J.T., Ihle R., Vick D.O., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Aug. 1996, Vol.57, No.8, p.756-759. Illus. 8 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0619.pdf

Dilution chamber tests were carried out to test a model for estimating the rate of decay of occupant generated carbon dioxide after workers have left a work area. The slope of the decay curve was used to calculate the number of effective air changes per unit time and hence the effective ventilation rate. Tests in 34 locations showed that the number of air changes, as measured by carbon dioxide decay, was positively correlated with subjective assessment of ventilation effectiveness. (68620)

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CIS 97-620 Experiences with the inspection of X-ray diagnostic workplaces in the Radiohygienic Subcentre of Györ. Giczi F., Ballay L., Pellet S., Halmai O., Farkas I., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.3, p.217-229. Illus. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0620.pdf

Results of radiation protection surveys carried out in workplaces using X-ray diagnostic equipment in the region of the Györ (Hungary) Radiohygienic Subcentre are summarized. Procedures investigated included general radiography, fluoroscopy, photofluorography and dental radiography. Inspections covered the availability and validity of licences, local rules of radiation protection, education and training, medical surveillance, and radiation monitoring. While radiation safety was fairly acceptable in the region surveyed, some deficiencies were identified. (68682)

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CIS 97-621 Cold-protective clothing and what to wear underneath?. (German: Kälteschutzkleidung und was darunter?) Gimpel S., Umbach K.H., Sicherheitsingenieur, Mar. 1996, Vol.27, No.3, p.24-29. Illus. 5 ref. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0621.pdf

Thermal insulation and evaporative resistance of underwear and shirts made of 10 different materials were measured. In addition, the parameters determining the skin comfort of underwear were measured. The underwear and shirts made of materials that yielded the best results where used in tests with insulating clothing, in order to find the best cold-protective ensemble. Four different combinations of underwear, shirts and insulating overalls were studied. The length of time during which the ensembles can be worn in an environment of -30°C and 50% relative humidity was determined. The data are provided in a table as a function of energy metabolism. (68866)

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CIS 97-622 Raynaud's phenomenon of occupational origin caused by bush-cutter equipment mounted on a tractor. Kákosy T., Martin J., Lászlóffy M., Székely A., Central European Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 1996, Vol.2, No.4, p.387-390. Illus. 6 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0622.pdf

A case of Raynaud's phenomenon was verified by cold-provocation test and by measuring finger systolic blood pressure in a man who had been driving a tractor installed with bush-cutter equipment for a period of five years. Vibration measurements on the steering wheel of the tractor showed acceleration values higher than the maximum allowable level. Based on clinical and exposure data, vibration-induced Raynaud's phenomenon was diagnosed. It is recommended that vibration measurements be performed on the steering wheel of a tractor after fitting any type of adapter. (68779)

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CIS 97-623 The control of heat stress exposure: Comparison of two regimes of work practice in aluminium refining. (French: Comparaison de deux schémas d'organisation du travail avec exposition à la chaleur dans le raffinage de l'aluminium) Bouchard G., Gagnon A., Talbot G., Turcotte F., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.5, p.337-341. 8 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0623.pdf

This study compares the physiological response of two groups of aluminium smelting workers exposed to high temperatures and allotted to two exposure schedules. In the first group of 42 workers, 30 minute periods of exposure to heat stress alternate with periods of rest in a cool environment for the same period of time. In the second group of 35 workers, periods of work alternate with periods of lighter duty in a cool environment. Total heartbeats per shift, mean heartbeats per shift and mean heart frequencies in the first and the last periods of each shift were not significantly different between workers of the two groups. Exposure to heat stress of two regimens did not exceed the ceiling values proposed by Brouha or by the American Heart Association. It is concluded that both schedules are efficient to control heat stress among aluminium production workers. (68762)

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CIS 97-624 Fluid loss and replacement in petroleum workers from the north west of Western Australia. Gazey C., Bates G., Matthew B., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.457-461. 11 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0624.pdf

Fluid loss, fluid intake, heart rate, and work rate (% physical capacity) were recorded for seven petroleum exploration workers in Western Australia. In relatively mild environmental conditions over two days, the average fluid loss was 434mL/h, fluid intake 466mL/h, and workrate 22%. Only three workers consistently replaced their fluid losses over the study period. Recommendations for the prevention of heat illness include adequate fluid replacement strategies to minimize the risk of hyperthermia, appropriate work-rest patterns, and worker education. (68596)

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CIS 97-625 On the physiological response to work in a moderately cold environment. (German: Zur thermophysiologischen Situation von Beschäftigten in mässiger Kälte) Griefahn B., Bröde P., Forsthoff A., Arbeitsmedizin - Sozialmedizin - Umweltmedizin, Apr. 1996, Vol.31, No.4, p.168-174. Illus. 14 ref. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0625.pdf

The skin temperature on the chest, upper and lower back remained in the comfortable range and the rectal temperature of 6 female and 33 male workers of the food industry remained unaffected by work in temperatures between 0 and 15°C. The insulating clothing worn by the workers had a higher thermal insulation than required by the standard ISO TR 11079. It ranged between 0.7 and 2.3clo. The energy metabolism varied between 99 and 242W/m2. Hand and feet remained below the comfortable range throughout the shift during which the measurements were taken. It is recommended to study the connection of repeated cooling of the extremities with the prevalence of certain diseases such as Raynaud's phenomenon. (68878)

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CIS 97-626 On the method for estimating the metabolic heat of office work. (Japanese: Jimu sagyō ji no taisha netsuryō no yosoku hōhō ni kansuru kenkyū) Shinohara M., Kiyota N., Transactions of the Society of Heating, Air-conditioning and Sanitary Engineers of Japan, 25 July 1996, No.62, p.13-22. Illus. 9 ref. (In Japanese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0626.pdf

Office work in a college office, a construction company and gymnastic facilities was videotaped. From these tapes, the office work in each site was examined and analyzed. Some 36 different body actions were observed in the office work at these sites. Each of the various body actions were of short duration. Empirical equations for transient metabolic heat were deduced from the beginning of a movement to the end. A method was proposed for estimating the metabolic heat of the office personnel, considering the situation of successive movements in a short time, based on the metabolic heat of each movement, empirical equations and the duration of movements. Experimented values were compared with calculated values. The mean value of metabolic heat obtained by a time weighting method could yield significant error in comparison with the proposed method. (68804)

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CIS 97-627 Exercise-enhanced preoxygenation increases protection from decompression sickness. Webb J.T., Fischer M.D., Heaps C.L., Pilmanis A.A., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, July 1996, Vol.67, No.7, p.618-624. 29 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0627.pdf

The use of exercise-enhanced preoxygenation (breathing 100% oxygen prior to decompression) to reduce the risk of decompression sickness (DCS) during high altitude flight was investigated. 26 male subjects accomplished a 1h preoxygenation with exercise, a 15min preoxygenation with exercise, or a 1h resting preoxygenation. Exercise involved 10min of dual-cycle ergometry. Incidence of DCS following the 1h preoxygenation with exercise was significantly less that than following 1h resting preoxygenation, indicating that preoxygenation with exercise can provide improved DCS protection compared with resting preoxygenation. (68662)

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CIS 97-628 Reduction of the vibration exposure for the hand-arm system by the optimization of impact and rotary hammer drills. (German: Verminderung der Schwingungsbelastung des Hand-Arm-Systems durch Optimierung von Schlag- und Hammerbohrern) Weinert K., Gillmeister F., Michel O., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1995. viii, 167p. Illus. 116 ref., ISBN 3-89429-644-5 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0628.pdf

When operating a hand-held vibrating power tool (e.g. impact drills, rotary hammers), high vibration exposures are applied to the hand-arm system of the operator. Over time, this mechanical vibration can lead to health problems of the hand-arm system. The aim of this research project was to investigate the isolated influence of the design of the cutting edge for drilling tools on the vibration characteristics of impact drills and rotary hammers. Exposure of the hand-arm system to vibration of the tools, and the volume of chip production were measured. Following the analysis of the results, it was possible to create optimized cutting edges for these tools. Prototypes for drilling tools were produced, investigated and assessed. (68868)

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CIS 97-629 Inter-laboratory comparison of sound power level measurements. (German: Ringversuch zur Bestimmung des Schalleistungspegels) Messner J., Wu J., Hübner G., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 101110, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1996. 395p. Illus. 78 ref. Price: DEM 71.50., ISBN 3-89429-675-5 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0629.pdf

The results are presented of round robin tests conducted by 14 German laboratories experienced in noise measurements. The laboratories measured the sound power levels of 3 different noise sources in open air, in anechoic and semi-anechoic chambers and in various types of ordinary rooms. The measurements were performed in 29 different environments according to standard ISO 3744. The purpose of the measurements was to check the standard deviations mentioned in the standard and to determine sources of errors. Recommendations for improvement of the ISO standard are presented. (68880)

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CIS 97-630 Board statement on diagnostic medical exposures to ionising radiation during pregnancy and estimates of late radiation risks to the UK population. National Radiological Protection Board, HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1993. 157p. Bibl.ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-85951-365-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0630.pdf

This document provides advice from the National Radiological Protection Board on exposure to ionizing radiation during pregnancy along with the biological basis of this advice. The document also contains a review of information for assessing stochastic effects (cancer and hereditary disease) and the effects of irradiation in utero that are likely to arise in the United Kingdom population following exposure to external radiation, or as a result of intakes of radionuclides. Current understanding of the mechanisms of induction of stochastic effects and estimates of risk coefficients are provided. (68686)

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CIS 97-631 Noise emission of cutting machine tools - Turning mills and milling machines. (German: Geräuschemission von spanenden Werkzeugmaschinen - Drehmaschinen, Fräsmaschinen) Nettelbeck C., Weck M., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1996. vii, 94p. Illus. 5 ref. Price: DEM 22.50., ISBN 3-89429-671-2 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0631.pdf

The noise emissions of the most frequently used turning and milling machines in Germany were measured. About 20 different types were included of each kind. High sound pressure levels were measured during high-speed turning and milling operations and during acceleration of the rotating tool. During idling as well as turning and milling at lower speed the noise emissions were relatively low due to the modern design of the machines. Recommendations are presented for updating the German standard DIN 45635 which requires measurements in the idle at highest speed and during turning and milling with 50% of the nominal power. (68902)

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CIS 97-632 Hazards associated with foundry processes: Rumbling - Noise hazards. Hand-arm vibration - The current picture. Hand-arm vibration - Symptoms and solutions. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 6p. Illus. 16 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0632.pdf

The first of these three data sheets describes noise levels associated with rumbling processes and provides guidance on noise reduction measures (elimination, engineering controls, reduction of exposure time, hearing protection). The other two data sheets describe the nature, incidence and cost of hand-arm vibration syndrome, and provide guidance on causes (finger or hand contact with vibrating tools or materials), and control measures (risk assessment, reduction of exposure time, health surveillance, tool selection and care, employee training). (68725)

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CIS 97-633 Noise at work. Noise Guide No.1: Legal duties of employers to prevent damage to hearing. Noise Guide No.2: Legal duties of designers, manufacturers, importers and suppliers to prevent damage to hearing. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Rev.ed., 1996. iii, 28p. Illus. 4 ref. Price: GBP 3.50., ISBN 0-7176-0454-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0633.pdf

This document provides guidance on compliance with the Noise at Work Regulations 1989 (CIS 90-21). Noise Guide No.1 covers: interpretation of the Regulations; assessment of noise exposure; assessment records; reduction of risk of hearing damage; reduction of noise exposure; ear protection; ear protection zones; maintenance and use of noise control equipment and ear protectors; information of personnel. Noise Guide No.2 covers the duties of machine designers, manufacturers, importers and suppliers: provision of information on the noise likely to be generated by the machine; labelling noisy machines; machine testing procedures. (68728)

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CIS 97-634 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Guidelines for the use of basic standards for the determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions. (French: Acoustique - Bruit émis par les machines et équipements - Guide d'utilisation des normes de base pour la détermination des niveaux de pression acoustique d'émission au poste de travail et en d'autres positions spécifiées) International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1995. v, 12p. Illus. 4 ref. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0634en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0634fr.pdf

This international standard provides brief summaries of the basic international standards for determining emission sound pressure levels from all types of machinery and equipment, at work stations and at other specified positions, and gives guidance on the process of selection of which is appropriate to any particular type. Contents: scope; normative references; definitions; selection of the appropriate international standard for determination of emission sound pressures levels; selection of specified positions. Annexes: synopses of basic international standards on determination of emission sound pressure levels. (68881)

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CIS 97-635 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions - Method requiring environmental corrections. (French: Acoustique - Bruit émis par les machines et équipements - Mesurage des niveaux de pression acoustique d'émission au poste de travail et en d'autres positions spécifiées - Méthode nécessitant des corrections d'environnement) International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, 1995. iii, 18p. Illus. 16 ref. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0635en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0635fr.pdf

This international standard specifies a method for measuring the emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions in the vicinity of a machine or piece of equipment. Contents: scope; normative references; definitions; measurement uncertainty; instrumentation; test environment; quantities to be measured; quantities to be determined; installation and operation of machine under test; measurements; microphone positions; information to be recorded; information to be reported. Annexes: environmental correction for a specified position; example of a test table; guidelines for the detection of impulsive noise. (68882)

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CIS 97-636 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions - Engineering method in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane. (French: Acoustique - Bruit émis par les machines et équipements - Mesurage des niveaux de pression acoustique d'émission au poste de travail et en d'autres positions spécifiées - Méthode d'expertise dans des conditions approchant celles du champ libre sur plan réfléchissant) International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Dec. 1995. iii, 15p. Illus. 15 ref. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0636en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0636fr.pdf

This international standard specifies a method for measuring the emission sound pressure levels of machinery and equipment, at a work station occupied by an operator and at other specified positions nearby, in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane. Requirements are specified for the engineering grade of accuracy on the test environment and instrumentation. Corrections are applied for background noise, but not for the acoustic environment. Instructions are given for the installation and operation of the machine under test and for the choice of microphone positions for the work station and for other specified positions. The purpose of the measurements is to permit comparison of the performance of different units of a given family of machinery or equipment, under defined environmental conditions and standardized mounting and operating conditions. (68895)

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CIS 97-637 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions - Survey method in situ. (French: Acoustique - Bruit émis par les machines et équipements - Mesurage des niveaux de pression acoustique d'émission au poste de travail et en d'autres positions spécifiées - Méthode de contrôle in situ) International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Dec. 1995. iii, 16p. Illus. 16 ref. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0637en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0637fr.pdf

This international standard specifies a method for measuring the emission sound pressure levels of machinery and equipment, at a work station occupied by an operator and at other specified positions nearby, in a semi-reverberant field. A method is given for determining a local environment correction to be applied to the measured sound pressure levels in order to exclude at least part of the effects of reflections from reflecting surfaces other than the plane on which the machinery or equipment is placed. Instructions are given for the installation and operation of the machine under test and for the choice of microphone positions for the work station and for other specified positions. The purpose of the measurements is to permit comparison of the performance of different units of a given family of machinery or equipment, under defined environmental conditions and standardized mounting and operating conditions. (68896)

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CIS 97-638 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions from the sound power level. (French: Acoustique - Bruit émis par les machines et équipements - Détermination des niveaux de pression acoustique d'émission au poste de travail et en d'autres positions spécifiées à partir du niveau de puissance acoustique) International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Dec. 1995. iii, 7p. 8 ref. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0638en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0638fr.pdf

This international standard specifies two methods for determining the emission sound pressure levels of machinery and equipment, at a work station and at other specified positions nearby, by calculation from the sound power level. The principal purpose of this determination is to permit comparison of the performance of different units of a given family of machinery or equipment, under defined environmental conditions and standardized mounting and operating conditions. (68897)

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CIS 97-639 Acoustics - Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure - Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane. (French: Acoustique - Détermination des niveaux de puissance acoustique émis par les sources de bruit à partir de la pression acoustique - Méthode de contrôle employant une surface de mesure enveloppante au-dessus d'un plan réfléchissant) International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Aug. 1995. v, 27p. Illus. 12 ref. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0639en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0639fr.pdf

This international standard specifies a method for measuring the sound pressure levels on a measurement surface enveloping the source in order to calculate the sound power level produced by the noise source. It gives requirements for the test environment and instrumentation as well as techniques for obtaining the surface sound pressure level from which the sound power level of the source is calculated, leading to results which have a grade three accuracy. This standard is applicable to noise sources of any type and size (e.g. device, machine, component, sub-assembly). The test environment that is applicable for measurements made in accordance with this international standard may be located indoors or outdoors, with one or more reflecting planes present, meeting specified requirements. (68899)

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CIS 97-640 EMFs in the workplace. (Spanish: Los EMF en el lugar de trabajo) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, Sep. 1996, Dec. 2005. 4p. Illus. (In English, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/emf2.html
http://www.cdc.gov/spanish/niosh/docs/96-129sp.html
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0640.pdf

This data sheet concerns exposure to electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) in the workplace. Sources of EMFs are outlined along with average magnetic field exposures for different types of workers, health effects (some studies have associated high magnetic field exposures with increased cancer risks), exposure guidelines, and basic control measures (increasing worker distance from the EMF source, use of low-EMF designs where possible, and reduction of EMF exposure times). (68627)

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CIS 97-641 Industrial radiography. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffork CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Oct. 1996. 2p. Illus. 3 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0641.pdf

This data sheet summarizes precautions required during industrial radiography procedures to ensure compliance with the requirements of the Ionising Radiation Regulations 1985 (CIS 89-1100). Precautions include use of shielded enclosures, adequate maintenance of radiographic equipment, area radiation monitoring, appointment of radiation protection supervisor, emergency organization, and training and dose assessment of radiographers. (68724)

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CIS 97-642 Noise in construction: Further guidance on the Noise at Work Regulations 1989. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Nov. 1993. 6p. Illus. 5 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0642.pdf

This leaflet outlines duties of employers in the construction industry in relation to: assessing and reducing noise levels; providing ear protection; informing workers about personal exposure levels; and marking ear protection zones. Employees' responsibilities include: use and maintenance of ear protection and other protective equipment, and reporting suspected hearing damage. (68685)

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[ Top of page ]

009 Mechanical hazards, transport

CIS 97-643 Effect of workers' shoe wear on objective and subjective assessment of slipperiness. Chiou S., Bhattacharya A., Succop P.A., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.825-831. Illus. 14 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0643.pdf

Subjective ratings of slipperiness were obtained for 12 male industrial workers on 3 slippery surfaces with new or workers' own old shoes. Objective measurements were made of the dynamic coefficient of friction (COF) of shoes for the same surface conditions, shoe wear, available tread pattern and hardness of old shoes. The type of surface significantly affected subjective ratings and dynamic COF; the correlation between dynamic COF values and subjective ratings was significant only for old shoes under medium oily conditions. The effects of shoe tread and shoe hardness on different surfaces are discussed. Results emphasize the need to consider subjective assessments when evaluating floor slipperiness. (68635)

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CIS 97-644 No more falls!. (French: Pour en finir avec les chutes) Sabourin G., Prévention au travail, Mar.-Apr. 1997, Vol.10, No.2, p.7-14. Illus. 10 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0644.pdf

This article provides an overview of the problem of falls from heights, an accident hazard that occurs in a wide variety of work situations. The human cost is high: in the Province of Quebec (Canada) alone, 16 workers died this way in 1993. The most dangerous industry for falls is that of construction: in the United States, a third of the accidents in this sector are falls, while in the UK this proportion rises to 52%. Another industry where falls constitute a major hazard is mining: in Quebec, 20% of mining accidents are falls. In order to prevent falls, all standards relating to personal protective equipment must be respected. In addition, the risks of falling must be considered during the planning of new projects and during the maintenance of buildings and public places. (68856)

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CIS 97-645 Injury from dairy cattle activities. Boyle D., Gerberich S.G., Gibson R.W., Maldonado G., Robinson R.A., Martin F., Reiner C., Amandus H., Epidemiology, Jan. 1997, Vol.8, No.1, p.37-41. 25 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0645.pdf

This case-control study aimed to identify which dairy cattle operation activities are associated with an increased or decreased risk of injury for farm household members. Milking, followed by trimming and treating hooves (for both the control of growth and for medical reasons), were found to be the most important sources of occupational injury in agricultural workers working with cattle. (68720)

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CIS 97-646 A multiple discriminant analysis of vessel accidents. Le Blanc L.A., Rucks C.T., Accident Analysis and Prevention, July 1996, Vol.28, No.4, p.501-510. Illus. 19 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0646.pdf

Data on 936 vessel accidents occurring between 1979 and 1987 on the lower Mississippi River, USA were cluster analyzed to generate four groups: danger zone accidents; accidents in bad navigating conditions; probably preventable accidents; and accidents that should not have happened. Multiple discriminant analysis was used to identify the variables contributing most to overall group differentiation: participation in the U.S. Coast Guard's New Orleans Vessel Traffic Service (VTS - an information system designed to assist vessel operators in navigating inland waterways), overall VTS utilization, river stage, traffic level, and time and location of accident. The benefits of participation in VTS are discussed. (68750)

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CIS 97-647 A test method to determine the susceptibility to cracking of linepipe steels in sour service. Fowler C.M., Bray J.A., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iii, 81p. Illus. 21 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-1216-3 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0647.pdf

This report describes a test method for determining the susceptibility of pipeline steels, bends, flanges and fittings, including all associated welds, to hydrogen damage caused by exposure to wet hydrogen sulfide. The method involves exerting a known stress level on a full ring specimen of the linepipe in a hydrogen sulfide environment; crack initiation and propagation are determined by ultrasonic monitoring and hydrogen permeation measurements. (68659)

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CIS 97-648 Isle of Grain pipeline depressurisation tests. Richardson S.M., Saville G., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. v, 34p. 16 ref. Price: GBP 15.00., ISBN 0-7176-1228-7 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0648.pdf

Tests on the depressurization or blowdown of oil and gas pipelines were carried out on the Isle of Grain, United Kingdom, in 1985. Selected data from these tests were used to validate a computer program called BLOWDOWN, designed to predict depressurization effects. Data from 8 tests are presented along with results of computer simulations. The BLOWDOWN predictions were in adequate, and often good, agreement with the Isle of Grain data. (68675)

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CIS 97-649 Topside emergency shutdown valve (ESV) survivability. Mansfield D., Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. vii, 66p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: GBP 20.00., ISBN 0-7176-1244-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0649.pdf

This study provides an overview of the range of approaches currently being adopted within the United Kingdom Continental Shelf (UKCS) for the protection of pipeline emergency shutdown valves (ESVs) from severe accident conditions. Based on an analysis of a representative sample of UKCS ESVs, typical and best current practices are identified and main strengths and weaknesses in these approaches are highlighted. A systematic method for addressing ESV vulnerability is put forward which could form the basis of a more consistent, industry-wide approach to ESV specification. (68678)

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CIS 97-650 Industrial trucks operating in special conditions of stacking with load laterally displaced by powered devices - Additional stability test. (French: Chariots de manutention travaillant dans des conditions de gerbage spéciales, avec la charge décentrée latéralement par un dispositif à moteur - Essai de stabilité supplémentaire) International Organization for Standardization, Case postale 56, 1211 Genève 20, Switzerland, Feb. 1996. ii, 4p. Illus. (In English, French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0650en.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0650fr.pdf

This international standard specifies an additional test for the stability of a laden truck fitted with a load-handling device, such as a side shift, which can displace the centre of gravity a substantial predetermined amount from the longitudinal centre plane of the truck, and which is to be used in that mode for depositing and retrieving a load with the mast approximately vertical on substantially firm, smooth, level and prepared surfaces. This standard applies to: counterbalanced fork-lift trucks with tiltable or non-tiltable masts; reach (retractable mast or forks) and straddle fork-lift trucks with tiltable or non-tiltable masts; pallet stackers and high-lift platform trucks, with tiltable or non-tiltable masts. (68900)

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CIS 97-651 Handling loads in agriculture. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, May 1996. 8p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0651.pdf

This leaflet provides advice on reducing the risk of injury from the handling of loads in agriculture by: avoiding manual handling where possible; assessing the risks where manual handling is unavoidable; and taking the necessary action (use of mechanical assistance, changing the type of load, planning the work and the workplace layout, and using safe lifting techniques). (68642)

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CIS 97-652 Railway safety critical work - Approved code of practice and guidance. Health and Safety Commission, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 2nd ed., 1996. iv, 28p. 16 ref. Price: GBP 7.95., ISBN 0-7176-1260-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0652.pdf

This guide contains the text of the Railways (Safety Critical Work) Regulations 1994 along with general guidance. The Regulations place a duty on railway industry employers to ensure that employees carrying out work which is vital to the safe operation of the railway (safety critical work) are competent and fit to carry out that work. Contents: background information on the Regulations and other relevant legislation; interpretation of the Regulations; assessment of employee competence and fitness; limitations on the hours of work and assessment of the risk of fatigue. Replaces CIS 94-1756. (68726)

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CIS 97-653 Railway safety principles and guidance: Part 2, section E - Guidance on level crossings. Health and Safety Executive, HM Railway Inspectorate, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. vii, 72p. Illus. Price: GBP 10.95., ISBN 0-7176-0952-9 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0653.pdf

This document provides guidance on the construction of railway level crossings. Descriptions of different types of crossing are provided along with conditions for their suitability, the method of operation, and requirements for railway signalling and control. General guidance is given on the positioning of crossings, equipment requirements, provision for pedestrians at public vehicular crossings, general design of the crossing, gates and barriers, telephones, miniature stop lights, and traffic signs and road markings. (68727)

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CIS 97-654 How offshore helicopter travel is regulated. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Apr. 1996. 8p. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0654.pdf

This leaflet describes the functions of the Health and Safety Executive and the Civil Aviation Authority in the UK with respect to helicopter safety, and outlines the responsibilities of helicopter operators, flight crews and installation operators. Relevant legislation is also outlined. (68644)

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CIS 97-655 Slips and trips - Guidance for the food processing industry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, 1996. iii, 34p. Illus. 7 ref. Price: GBP 9.75., ISBN 0-7176-0832-8 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0655.pdf

Contents of this guidance: causes of slips and trips in the food industry; managing the preventive measures which control slip and trip risks; practical measures for controlling slip risks (avoiding contamination of the floor, effective floor cleaning, slip resistant floors, good visibility, work organization, suitable shoes, employee training); practical measures for controlling trip risks (elimination of holes, slopes or uneven surfaces, good housekeeping, suitable lighting). In appendices: legal requirements; checklist of measures. (68652)

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CIS 97-656 Slips and trips: Summary guidance for the catering industry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 4p. 1 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0656.pdf

This data sheet describes the occurrence and costs of slips and trips in the catering industry and outlines risk control measures: prevention of floor contamination; floor cleaning; maximizing the slip resistance of the floor; good visibility; work organization; suitable shoes; employee training; elimination of holes, slopes or uneven surfaces; and good housekeeping. Management aspects and legal requirements are outlined. (68653)

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CIS 97-657 Slips and trips: Summary guidance for the food industry. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Sep. 1996. 4p. 1 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0657.pdf

This data sheet describes the occurrence and costs of slips and trips in the food industry and outlines risk control measures: prevention of floor contamination; floor cleaning; maximizing the slip resistance of the floor; good visibility; work organization; suitable shoes; employee training; elimination of holes, slopes or uneven surfaces; and good housekeeping. Management aspects and legal requirements are outlined. (68654)

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[ Top of page ]

010 Biological hazards

CIS 97-658 Ticks removed from dogs and animal care personnel in Orangeburg County, South Carolina. Clark K.L., Wills W., Tedders S.H., Williams D.C., Journal of Agromedicine, 1996, Vol.3, No.4, p.45-55. 44 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0658.pdf

Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) were collected from animals and workers at veterinary clinics and animal shelters in Orangeburg County, South Carolina, USA from April to December 1994. A total of 623 ticks were collected; 21 from humans and 602 from dogs and cats. The most common species collected was Dermacentor variabilis, the American dog tick, known to be associated with various diseases including tick-borne rickettsial fever and tick paralysis. The medical and veterinary importance of the most frequently occurring species are discussed. (68772)

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CIS 97-659 Microbiological risks in waste water purification plants - Survey. (French: Risques microbiologiques en stations d'épuration - Résultats d'enquête) Abadia G., Altmeyer N., Fleury L., Documents pour le médecin du travail, 3rd Quarter 1996, No.67, p.245-254. 6 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0659.pdf

Questionnaire survey (for a previous article on the subject, see CIS 92-1370) aimed at giving a descriptive overview of a population exposed to waste water, in particular with reference to the biological risk (infections, immunoallergical disorders, vaccination) and if possible, to carry out a follow-up by at least two consecutive medical visits of workers in this sector (577 subjects). Tables show the type of reported sick leave, vaccination depending on seniority, levels of exposure and vaccinations. Annex: list of jobs and classification according to suspected exposure levels. (68920)

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CIS 97-660 Actinobacillus suis infection after a pig bite. Escande F., Bailly A., Bone S., Lemozy J., Lancet, 28 Sep. 1996, Vol.348, No.9031, p.888. 5 ref. (In English)

Internet:
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A brief case report is presented of a farmer with a purulent discharge from a knee wound following a pig bite. Bacteriological testing identified the microorganism causing the infection as Actinobacillus suis, a strain rarely isolated from humans. The importance of obtaining swabs to identify the microorganism in severe infections is stressed. (68613)

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CIS 97-661 Bloodborne pathogens risk and precautions among urban fire-rescue workers. Carrillo L., Fleming L.E., Lee D.J., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.920-924. 27 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0661.pdf

In a questionnaire survey of urban paramedics and emergency medical technicians in the state of Florida (US), reported potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens from needles, sharps, cuts and abrasions was common, especially among paramedics. The majority of these workers were aware of the current guidelines on universal precautions, but reported practice was less than optimal. Recommendations include additional training, better access to protective equipment, and improved administrative efforts and regulations to enforce the implementation of universal precautions. (68608)

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CIS 97-662 Update: Provisional public health service recommendations for chemoprophylaxis after occupational exposure to HIV. Journal of the American Medical Association, 10 July 1996, Vol.276, No.2, p.90-92. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
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These provisional recommendations relate to zidovudine (ZDV) postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) following occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). PEP should be recommended to exposed workers after occupational exposures associated with the highest risk for HIV transmission; it should be offered for exposures with lower, but nonneglible, risk. At present, ZDV should be considered for all PEP regimens. PEP should be initiated promptly, preferably within 1-2h post-exposure. Exposed workers should receive follow-up counselling and medical evaluation. (68623)

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CIS 97-663 Serologic markers of hepatitis among staff in a hospital in Lyon. (French: Les marqueurs sérologiques d'hépatites du personnel d'un hôpital lyonnais) Léry L., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, July 1996, Vol.57, No.4, p.251-255. 11 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0663.pdf

The survey of various hepatitis markers among the staff of a hospital in Lyon was analyzed retrospectively. The prevalence of markers was 45.1% for hepatitis A, 13.9% for hepatitis B, and 1.6% for hepatitis C. The prevalence of hepatitis A or B markers appeared to increase with age. An age-related decline of post-immunization status to hepatitis B was found. The presence of markers for hepatitis A or C or antiHbc antibodies (seen after immunization performed without previous serological assay) seemed to be associated with low status. These data need confirmation by larger and multicentric studies. By this study, the status of various types of hepatitis among health care workers was determined. (68767)

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CIS 97-664 Vaccination against Japanese encephalitis by an industrial physician. (French: Pratique de la vaccination contre l'encéphalite japonaise en médecine du travail) Trela C., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Oct. 1996, Vol.57, No.6, p.454-457. 5 ref. (In French)

Internet:
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Japanese encephalitis, a disease transmitted by mosquito bite, is endemic in many countries of South-East Asia. The disease may be fatal or have severe neurological after-effects. The vaccine against it has not yet received marketing authorization in France. It is now however possible to obtain temporary authorization from the French Agency for the evaluation of medicinal products. The author, who is an industrial physician practising in France, has thus been able to vaccinate seven workers, who were to work as expatriates in China for a period of several months. The results of an inquiry on the needs of industrial physicians in a French region concerning vaccination against Japanese encephalitis are presented. (68913)

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CIS 97-665 Workshop "Microorganisms". (German: Mikroorganismen) Hauptverband der gewerblichen Berufsgenossenschaften (HVBG), Alte Heerstrasse 111, 53754 Sankt Augustin, Germany, 1996. 123p., ISBN 3-88383-405-X (In English, German)

Internet:
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At this workshop organized by the BIA and the Swedish Arbetslivinstitutet in March 1995 in Germany, 10 papers were presented by experts from 8 countries of the European Union. Subjects covered: sampling and analytical methods for determining the numbers of colony forming units of microorganisms in the air on workplaces; types of microorganisms found on various workplaces such as greenhouses, pig houses, offices and waste sorting; numbers of colony forming units of microorganisms found on these workplaces. Summaries in German, English, French and Spanish. (68906)

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CIS 97-666 Mycotoxins. World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1979. 127p. approx. 450 ref. Price: CHF 11.00., ISBN 92-4-154071-0 (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0666.pdf

Conclusions of this criteria document: liver cancer and other liver diseases, including acute hepatitis, have been observed in humans following ingestion of food contaminated with aflatoxins. There are also reports of cancer of various organs and liver diseases among workers exposed to dust containing aflatoxins. Little information is available on human health effects of other mycotoxins. Results of animal studies on ochratoxins, zearalenone and trichothecenes are reviewed. (68916)

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CIS 97-667 Studies on the atmospheric concentrations of fungi in waste treatment plants. (German: Untersuchungen zur Pilzbelastung der Luft an Arbeitsplätzen in Betrieben zur Abfallbehandlung) Göttlich E., Erich Schmidt Verlag GmbH & Co., Genthiner Str.30 G, 10785 Berlin, Germany, 1996. 244p. Illus. 243 ref. Price: DEM 58.00., ISBN 3-503-03572-9 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0667.pdf

In this study the atmospheric concentration of colony forming units (CFU) of fungi was determined at 5 garbage composting plants, 2 garbage incineration plants and 3 sanitary landfills in Germany. Both personal and stationary air samples were collected and evaluated. Concentrations ranging from 500 to 10,000,000 CFU/m3 air were obtained. Aspergillus and Penicillium moulds as well as fungus spores were found in most plants. Aspergillus fumigatus occurred in concentrations ranging from 1000 to 50,000 CFU/m3 air. Most of the fungi (80%) were found on respirable dust particles. (68904)

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CIS 97-668 Indoor air quality: Pollen grains and fungi spores evaluation. (Spanish: Calidad de aire interior: evaluación de la presencia de polen y esporas fúngicas) Martí Solé M.C., Alonso Espadalé R.M., Constans Aubert A., Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo, Ediciones y Publicaciones, c/ Torrelaguna 73, 28027 Madrid, Spain, 1994. 5p. 17 ref. (In Spanish)

Internet:
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This information note describes a method for the determination of fungus in indoor air, as well as for the identification of fungus spores and pollen grains by light microscopy observation. Contents: introduction; allergy in the sick building syndrome; active collection methods (impaction and filtration sampling); reagents and products for analysis; equipment and material; analytical technique; calculations; evaluation. A glossary is included. Reference to information note on the determination of bacteria and fungus in air (NTP 299-1993) (CIS 95-1524). (68735)

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011 Physiology, ergonomics

CIS 97-669 Identification of high-risk groups among maintenance workers in a steel company with respect to musculoskeletal symptoms and workload. Hilderbrandt V.H., Bongers P.M., Dul J., van Dijk F.J.H., Kemper H.C.G., Ergonomics, Feb. 1996, Vol.39, No.2, p.232-242. 12 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0669.pdf

A questionnaire survey of 436 maintenance workers in 5 departments of a Dutch steel company revealed a high level of low-back and neck-shoulder symptoms; prevalence rates were similar to a comparison group of non-sedentary workers. Self-reported exposure rates to physical and psychosocial loads and poor climatic conditions were comparable to the reference group; only exposure to vibration was higher. Significant differences were observed among the 5 departments and among task groups within the departments. The questionnaire survey can help in the identification of high-risk groups requiring ergonomic intervention. (68700)

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CIS 97-670 When the company of the lion discovers ergonomic design. (French: Quand la firme du lion découvre l'ergonomie de conception) Gout D., Travail et sécurité, Apr. 1997, No.559, p.24-35. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0670.pdf

Illustrated report on the Peugeot automobile industry at Sochaux, France. This company follows the principle of ergonomic design in order to improve the working conditions and performance of workers. Attention is paid to assembly-line work and mental workload. (68884)

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CIS 97-671 Musculoskeletal injury review in the U.S. space program. Jennings R.T., Bagian J.P., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Aug. 1996, Vol.67, No.8, p.762-766. 29 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0671.pdf

Physical training program undertaken by U.S. astronauts have resulted in a number of orthopaedic injuries. Injuries identified during the period 1987-1995 include fractures, and soft tissue injuries causing tears to muscles, ligaments and cartilage. Injury patterns are analyzed and suggestions are made for improvements. These include decreased reliance on running and competitive athletics for conditioning, improved personal preflight fitness training, and coordinated postflight rehabilitation. (68612)

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CIS 97-672 Air traffic controller shiftwork: What are the implications for aviation safety? A review. Luna T.D., Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Jan. 1997, Vol.68, No.1, p.69-79. 142 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0672.pdf

Recent studies on the use of rapid rotation shift schedules among air traffic controllers (ATCs) are reviewed. Workload factors are examined in relation to error rates and safety, and potential interventions are briefly discussed. Studies indicate that ATC performance declines on the night shift and that ATCs may be falling asleep while on duty. There is indirect evidence that ATC error rates are highest on the night shift. Further research is needed on the evaluation of potential countermeasures. (68800)

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CIS 97-673 Occupational and lifestyle factors related to musculoskeletal and fatigue symptoms among middle-aged female workers in a frozen food processing factory. (Japanese: Reitō shokuhin kakōgyo ni okeru chūkōnen josei rōdōsha no kinkokkaku kei shōjō) Mizoue T., Nishisaka S., Nishikuma K., Yoshimura T., Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.5, p.223-229. Illus. 18 ref. (In Japanese)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0673.pdf

A self-administered questionnaire survey on musculoskeletal and fatigue symptoms related to individual and work-related risk factors was conducted among middle-aged female workers in a frozen food processing factory. The proportions of workers who frequently experienced, during the preceding month, stiff muscles or pain in the neck-shoulder, back and lower limb were 32.9%, 26.8% and 15.9%, respectively. The proportion for fatigue symptoms was 30.5%. Factors related to fatigue were: short duration of employment, low body weight, long hours of work at home, short sleep hours, walking to or from work. Factors correlated with back pain were: tall stature, low body weight. Factors correlated with lower limb pain were: working below hip height, working above shoulder height, tall stature, short stature. Workers' subjective evaluation of height of work table was significantly related to the body height. The ergonomic aspects of the work should be improved, taking individual characteristics into account. Advice on factors in workers' lives off the job may also be appropriate. (68801)

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CIS 97-674 The epidemiology of back pain in nurses: A review of lifting as a factor. Leggat P., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.431-438. 44 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0674.pdf

Epidemiologic studies of low back pain in nurses are reviewed. Studies show that there is a high prevalence of back pain among nursing personnel. Manual handling of patients and non-patient loads appears to contribute more to the development of back pain than individual factors. Observational studies show that nurses do not follow prescribed methods of lifting and rarely use mechanical lifting aids. Main preventative approaches include training and education, use of lifting aids and support personnel, and job redesign. (68593)

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CIS 97-675 Library footstools: Do they have major design deficiencies?. Lean L., Colley M., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.477-480. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0675.pdf

Observations of the use of four different types of library footstools by 28 library employees showed that none was satisfactory in terms of height or width of the platform. The appropriate solution appears to be reduction of the shelving height to a maximum of 1.8m. (68599)

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CIS 97-676 Effects of key stiffness on force and the development of fatigue while typing. Gerard M.J., Armstrong T.J., Foulke J.A., Martin B.J., American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Sep. 1996, Vol.57, No.9, p.849-854. Illus. 21 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0676.pdf

Six subjects typed continuously for 2 hours on each of two keyboards (0.28N or 0.83N resistance keys). Keyboard reaction forces were measured and finger muscle activity was monitored using electromyography (EMG). While using the stiffer keyboard, subjects exerted 54% more peak force, 34% more peak finger flexor EMG, and 2% more peak finger extensor EMG. Subjects typed much harder than necessary to activate the keys. Fatigue was observed on the stiffer keyboard, but the trends were mild. It appears that electrical efficiency (ratio of typing force to flexor EMG) may not be a sensitive enough indicator of fatigue for low-force high repetition work. (68639)

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CIS 97-677 Prevalence of back pain and characteristics of the physical workload of community nurses. Knibbe J.J., Friele R.D., Ergonomics, Feb. 1996, Vol.39, No.2, p.186-198. Illus. 56 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0677.pdf

A questionnaire survey of 355 community nurses in the Netherlands showed that prevalence of back pain was relatively high compared to other occupations and compared to other health care sectors. Back pain was most often experienced in the lumbar region; other complaints included neck/shoulder, knee and arm problems. Activities considered to be physically demanding included frequent and heavy lifting and transferring of patients; a substantial static workload was also identified. Recommendations for interventions are based on a participatory ergonomic approach. (68698)

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CIS 97-678 Ergonomic design of intensive care units. (German: Ergonomische Gestaltung von Arbeitsplätzen in der Intensivmedizin) Neth K.U., Friesdorf W., Classen B., Medizintechnik, Jan. 1996, Vol.116, No.1, p.7-11. Illus. 6 ref. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0678.pdf

Intensive care units in hospitals contain much medical equipment. Though each piece of equipment may be ergonomically designed, in their totality they are usually chaotically arranged around the patient's bed. An ergonomic workplace design is presented which avoids entangled connecting cables and a disorderly arrangement of the equipment. Thus there is better access to the patient and the equipment. (68876)

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CIS 97-679 Horn playing and blood pressure. Harris L.R., Lancet, 12 Oct. 1996, Vol.348, No.9033, p.1042. 2 ref. (In English)

Internet:
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The blood pressure of 37 horn players was measured both at rest and while playing a scale. There was no correlation between the frequency of the notes played and blood pressure. While this study does not address the long-term effects of horn-playing or the effect of performance stress on blood pressure, it does offer reassurance that, for most individuals, blood pressures do not rise while simply playing. (68666)

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CIS 97-680 Ergonomic investigation of letter-carrier satchels: Part I - Field Study. Part II - Biomechanical laboratory study. Dempsey P.G., Ayoub M.M., Bernard T.M., Endsley M.R., Karwowski W., Lin C.J., Smith J.L., Applied Ergonomics, Oct. 1996, Vol.27, No.5, p.303-320. Illus. 15 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0680.pdf

Four satchels designed for manually carrying and delivering mail were evaluated by 306 letter carriers. The satchels differed primarily in the presence or absence of a waist belt, the number and design of the shoulder straps and the number of pouches. The satchel with two shoulder straps and two pouches, resulting in more symmetric loading, was the most desirable of the satchels tested. Biomechanical investigations indicated that this satchel resulted in lower postural deviation, lower compressive forces at the L5/S1 joint, lower pressure on the shoulders, and more balanced force distribution between the feet. (68640)

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CIS 97-681 Leg swelling during continuous standing and sitting work without restricting leg movement. Seo A., Kakehashi M., Tsuru S., Yoshinaga F., Journal of Occupational Health, Oct. 1996, Vol.38, No.4, p.186-189. Illus. 13 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0681.pdf

To clarify the dynamics of leg swelling during standing and sitting work without restricting leg movement, lower leg swelling and subjective complaints of twelve subjects were measured during one hour's work under three conditions: straight standing, buttock chair sitting and ordinary chair sitting. The lower leg swelling was measured by the bioelectrical impedance method. The swelling was least for straight standing and greatest for ordinary chair sitting. The mean and standard deviations for leg swelling after one hour's work were 5.8±3.9% for straight standing 8.2±4.7% for buttock chair sitting and 9.7±7.5% for ordinary chair sitting. Complaints of lower leg numbness were least for ordinary chair sitting and greatest for straight standing, contrary to the relation to the leg swelling. (68807)

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CIS 97-682 The selection of colour on the monitors of control panels. (German: Zur Wahl von Farben auf Bildschirmen an Leitständen) Charwat H.J., Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, Jan. 1996, Vol.50 (22 new version), No.1, p.1-12. Illus. 65 ref. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0682.pdf

Recommendations for the application of colour in displays on the control panels used in manufacturing are presented. They are derived from the present knowledge of the perception and effects of colours. The recommendations will be part of the new German guideline VDI/VDE 3699 which is being prepared at present. (68871)

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CIS 97-683 Numeric keypad, control button and arrow keys for setting medical equipment - A comparative study. (German: Zehner-Tastatur, Drehknopf und Pfeil-Tasten als Eingabemedien für medizinische Geräte - eine Vergleichsstudie) Classen B., Gaus M., Reu R., Friesdorf W., Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, Jan. 1996, Vol.50 (22 new version), No.1, p.20-24. Illus. 11 ref. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0683.pdf

Numeric keypads, control buttons and arrow keys are used for the operation of medical equipment designed to deliver anaesthetics or to dispense intensive care. The speed and accuracy of the settings and individual satisfaction with these three different adjusting devices were tested with volunteer nurses and medical doctors. The numeric keypad was clearly preferred by the volunteers. The setting speed was fastest with this kind of control element. However, errors made with the numeric keypad were more numerous and more serious than those made with the other control elements. (68873)

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CIS 97-684 "Dynamic sitting" as compared with static sitting postures - An experimental study. (German: "Dynamisches Sitzen" im Vergleich zu statischen Sitzhaltungen - eine experimentelle Studie) Wirth D., Marx G., Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, Jan. 1996, Vol.50 (22 new version), No.1, p.51-54. Illus. 46 ref. (In German)

Internet:
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Muscular fatigue was measured by electromyography during office work in static and dynamic sitting postures on various types of chairs. The presence of neck, shoulder and back pain after the work was determined with a questionnaire. The office work comprised manual writing tasks and work on the computer. Dynamic sitting with free choice of the inclination of the back rest between 90 and 120 degrees produced much lower muscle fatigue and less back pain than static sitting. The extension of the range of back inclinations to 120 degrees for brief periods of time is recommended. (68874)

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CIS 97-685 Occupational groups at greatest risk of chronic back injury. Rudd J., Norton R., Robinson E., Coggan C., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.439-442. 8 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0685.pdf

Data on 1,482 compensation claims for work-related back injury in the Auckland metropolitan region of New Zealand were examined. Occupational groups with the greatest number of claimants were builders, labourers and other construction workers (18.6%), metal, engine and car workers (9.9%), and drivers (8.2%). While the construction workers group continued to have the greatest number of claimants at three and six months after the initial claim, groups with the highest percentage of claimants still receiving compensation were cooks, chefs and bakers and shop assistants, indicating a higher risk of chronic back injury among these workers. (68594)

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CIS 97-686 Wearing an abdominal belt increases diastolic blood pressure. Rafacz W., McGill S.M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.925-927. 7 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0686.pdf

Blood pressure and heart rate were monitored for 20 subjects performing a variety of tasks both with and without an abdominal belt. Wearing the belt significantly increased diastolic blood pressure, even during tasks not associated with strenuous exercise. Changes in systolic blood pressure and heart rate were not significant. Individuals considering wearing an abdominal belt should also consider the risks associated with the additional cardiovascular load. (68609)

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CIS 97-687 Maximum performance time and heart rate: A theoretical approach. (French: Durée limite de travail et fréquence cardiaque - Approche théorique) Chamoux A., Archives des maladies professionnelles et de médecine du travail, Oct. 1996, Vol.57, No.6, p.419-428. Illus. 50 ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0687.pdf

Maximum performance time decreases with work intensity. This relationship characterizes endurance and it varies from person to person. The knowledge of this individual endurance relationship allows: from the occupational health point of view, to predict the intensity of effort not to be exceeded for a specific duration; from the performance point of view, to predict the optimal intensity of effort according to its duration. Heart rate is used to estimate the relative work load. An exponential endurance time/relative intensity relationship is hypothesized and the logarithmic rather than arithmetic mean of instantaneous heart rate is therefore recommended to estimate average work intensity. The individual exhaustion relationship is calculated from this heart rate logarithmic mean. This method takes into better consideration peak values for intense activities, particularly in lactic anaerobia. (68911)

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CIS 97-688 Ergonomic interventions for the soft drink beverage delivery industry. McGlothlin J.D., U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA, July 1996. ix, 83p. Illus. 90 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0688.pdf

Ergonomic evaluation of the work of nine driver-salesworkers at a soft drinks delivery plant showed that these workers were at risk of suffering a work-related musculoskeletal injury. Most lifting tasks exceeded the recommended weight limit and heart rate measurements were high. The introduction of ergonomic interventions and improved work practices resulted in reductions in biomechanical stress on the back and shoulders, decreased heart rates, and reduced reports of worker fatigue. Recommendations for engineering controls, beverage packages, work practices and work organization are put forward. (68660)

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CIS 97-689 Chronic evolution as shown by backache patients. (French: Processus de chronicisation vus à l'exemple de patients souffrant de douleurs dorsales; German: Chronifizierungsprozesse am Beispiel von Patienten mit Rückenschmerzen) Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Fluhmattstrasse 1, Postfach 4358, 6002 Luzern, Switzerland, 1997. 61p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In French, German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0689de.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
   …7-0689fr.pdf

This publication consists of four summaries of presentations made at the Belliker Herbst, a congress held in 1994. The four themes were: 1. Concepts of biopsychosocial medicine as a basis for the study of chronic disease development (Wesiack W.). 2. Chronic evolution of backache: Results and conclusions of the national research programme 26B (Keel P.). 3. The role of psychosocial load factors on chronic disease evolution after back injury (Thali A.). 4. Industrial rehabilitation, ergonomics and ergonomic retraining programmes (Oliveri M.). (68858)

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CIS 97-690 Ergonomics of sensorimotor activities. (German: Ergonomie der Sensumotorik) Landau K., Luczak H., Laurig W., Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich, Germany, 1996. xvi, 100p. Illus., ISBN 3-446-18809-6 (In German)

Internet:
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Conference devoted to an overview of the influence of work and workplace design on sensorimotor activities. Specific subjects covered were: the influence of work design and work organization on circadian rhythm; sensorimotor activities and workplace design; results of motion studies and electromyographic examinations of selected muscles of the fingers, hand and arm. (68909)

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CIS 97-691 Upper limb disorders - Assessing the risks. Health and Safety Executive, HSE Books, P.O. Box 1999, Sudbury, Suffolk CO10 6FS, United Kingdom, Aug. 1996. 21p. Illus. 7 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0691.pdf

This leaflet provides advice for employers and supervisors on the evaluation and prevention of work-related upper limb disorders (ULDs). Contents: symptoms of ULDs; work that can cause ULDs (repetition, force, awkward posture and insufficient recovery); assessing the risk; follow-up action and selection of preventive measures. Includes an assessment checklist. (68693)

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012 Stress, psychosocial factors

CIS 97-692 Cigarette smoking at hire as a predictor of employment outcome. Ryan J., Zwerling C., Jones M., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.928-933. 27 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0692.pdf

A one-year follow-up study of a cohort of 2,537 U.S. postal service workers showed that cigarette smoking at the time of hire was associated with increased risk of accidents, injuries, disciplinary measures and involuntary turnover. In a follow-up study one year later, smokers' elevated risks for accidents, injuries and discipline had decreased, while the risk for involuntary turnover was slightly higher. Absence rates for smokers were higher in both periods. Employees who are known to smoke at the time of hire are at increased risk of adverse employment outcomes. (68610)

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CIS 97-693 Effects of various work time schedules on cooks. (German: Auswirkungen unterschiedlicher Arbeitszeitmodelle bei Köchen) Seitz D., Hofmann K., Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft, Jan. 1996, Vol.50 (22 new version), No.1, p.13-19. Illus. 35 ref. (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0693.pdf

The effects of 3 work time schedules on the social life and health of 45 male and 6 female cooks in the hotel industry in Germany were studied with the help of questionnaires. Of the participants 22 worked during the day between 6 am and 5 pm, 12 alternated between 2 shifts from 6 am to 2 pm and 2 pm to 10 pm, 17 worked from the morning to the early afternoon and in the evening with a 2 to 3 h break in between. The latter 2 groups were significantly more negative than the first group about the usefulness of their spare time to make and maintain social contacts. There was no difference between the 3 groups with regard to psychosomatic disorders. (68872)

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CIS 97-694 Social tolerance of working time scheduling in nursing. Büssing A., Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1996, Vol.10, No.3, p.238-250. Illus. 54 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0694.pdf

In a study of 297 German nurses, tolerance of different working time schedules (WTS) was analyzed for six factors: job security and access to the labour market; income; health; family relationships; participation in social life; degree of autonomy for WTS. Results show: dominance of health-related and social aspects in the social tolerance of working time scheduling; large differences in stress, burnout and well-being for nurses on different WTSs linked to day-time, shiftwork and permanent night work; strong covariate effects of autonomy on working time scheduling as well as strong covariate effects of sex on the influence that different WTSs exert on stress, burnout and well-being. (68717)

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CIS 97-695 Health, well-being and burnout of ICU nurses on 12- and 8-h shifts. Iskra-Golec I., Folkard S., Marek T., Noworol C., Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1996, Vol.10, No.3, p.251-256. 25 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0695.pdf

Report on the effects of shift work schedules on the health, sleeping habits and the psychological and social well-being of two groups of intensive care unit nurses. The 12h shift nurses experienced more chronic fatigue and anxiety than those on 8h shifts. Job satisfaction was independent of shift duration. (68718)

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CIS 97-696 Burnout and work organization in hospital wards: A cross-validation study. Vlerick P., Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1996, Vol.10, No.3, p.257-265. 10 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0696.pdf

A report discussing the main factors that should be addressed in the management of nurses' work organization. The hypothesis that the number of nurses having contact with one patient was directly related to the level of burnout in nurses was only partially confirmed. (68719)

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CIS 97-697 Job satisfaction and perceptions of health. Peterson M., Wilson J., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.891-898. 52 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0697.pdf

A questionnaire survey of 218 university personnel showed that job-satisfaction measures were significantly related to perceptions of health. Satisfactory perceptions of coworkers was the strongest predictor of health perceptions, and the strongest predictor of resistance to illness. Other significant factors were autonomy, the work done on the present job, and pay. Satisfaction with supervision and opportunities for promotion were not predictive of health-perception measures. Implications for enhanced employee health include a greater emphasis on coworker relationships. (68604)

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CIS 97-698 Prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in a working population in Japan. Kawakami N., Iwata N., Tanigawa T., Oga H., Araki S., Fujihara S., Kitamura T., Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sep. 1996, Vol.38, No.9, p.899-905. 24 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0698.pdf

Analysis of data from a population-based survey in Japan showed that among 140 respondents who had a job, 8% had experienced mood or anxiety disorders during the past six months, and 19% had experienced such disorders in their lifetime. Relatively high rates of major depression and dysthymic disorder were observed: the six-month and lifetime prevalence rates of major depressive episodes were 4% and 14% respectively. Among the anxiety disorders, the highest six-month prevalence rate was found for phobic disorders. Higher rates for some disorders were found in women, younger workers and white-collar workers. (68605)

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CIS 97-699 Human errors in fatal and serious occupational accidents in Finland. Salminen S., Tallberg T., Ergonomics, July 1996, Vol.39, No.7, p.980-988. 31 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0699.pdf

Analysis of 178 fatal and 99 serious occupational accidents in Finland showed that 84-94% were due mainly to human error. Accidents were classified according to the type of behaviour: skill-based errors (automatic sensorimotor performance without conscious control) were the most common, followed by rule-based errors (application of consciously controlled rules), and knowledge-based errors (selection of a procedure in an unfamiliar situation). The classification model is suitable for analyzing accidents in work involving simple technology. (68631)

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CIS 97-700 Testing the Demand-Control-Support Model among health-care professional: A structural equation model. de Jonge J., Janssen P.P.M., van Breukelen G.J.P., Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1996, Vol.10, No.3, p.209-224. Illus. 71 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0700.pdf

This paper seeks to validate a Job Demand-Control-Support (DCS) Model, the aim of which is to provide a theoretical framework of guidelines for the enhancement of the quality of working life. It predicts job strain reactions (fatigue and health complaints), when job demands are high and workers' control low. The model was only partially confirmed when applied to Dutch nursing personnel by means of a survey. An increase in autonomy is accompanied by an increase in job involvement and low job demands seem to reduce exhaustion and consequent health complaints. (68715)

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CIS 97-701 Burnout and reciprocity: Towards a dual-level social model. Schaufeli W.B., van Dierendonck D., van Gorp K., Work and Stress, July-Sep. 1996, Vol.10, No.3, p.225-237. Illus. 48 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0701.pdf

A report on tests of student nurses, aiming to confirm a model assuming that lack of social reciprocity at the interpersonal and the organizational (i.e. between employees and the organization) level is positively related to burnout. For the latter, several parameters were measured on the degree of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment. Analysis of the limitations of the study. (68716)

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CIS 97-702 Violence at work - Time for solutions. (French: Violence au travail - Le temps des solutions) Lachance A., Prévention au travail, Oct.-Nov.-Dec. 1996, Vol.9, No.5. p.7-14. Illus. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0702.pdf

This article gives suggestions on how to recognize and fight violence in the workplace. It includes examples, ideas and advice emphasizing the importance of training. (68887)

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CIS 97-703 Social meaning of risk in OHS: Consequences for risk control. Holmes N., Gifford S., Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, Aug. 1996, Vol.12, No.4, p.443-450. 29 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0703.pdf

In a study of employers and employees in the painting industry in Victoria, Australia, observations of activities, events and social interactions at work were recorded, along with direct quotations, records of conversations, discussions and informal interviews. Data analysis highlighted ways in which employers and employees understand the control of risk within the context of the industry's social structure. Two themes which emerged from the data analysis are discussed: risk context and sources, and risk protection and expectations. Implications for risk control strategies and the role of occupational safety and health authorities are discussed. (68595)

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CIS 97-704 Conditions of work and stress among female and male teachers in schools for retarded children in North Rhine-Westphalia. (German: Arbeitsbedingungen und Arbeitsbeanspruchen von Sonderpädagoginnen und Sonderpädagogen an den Schulen für Erziehungshilfe in Nordrhein-Westfalen) Saueressig K., Peter Lang GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1996. viii, 214p. Illus. 276 ref. Price: DEM 65.00., ISBN 3-631-30089-1 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0704.pdf

A questionnaire was developed and given to 420 male and female teachers in schools for retarded children in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The questionnaire covered work organization, job satisfaction, difficulties encountered at work and wellbeing. The results show a high degree of job satisfaction. More than half of the teachers liked their job. More than half said they felt generally tired and exhausted. (68903)

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CIS 97-705 Profession: Teacher - Job stresses, social conflicts, satisfaction. (German: Beruf: Lehrer/in, Arbeitsbelastungen, Beziehungskonflikte, Zufriedenheit) Ulich K., Beltz Verlag, 69469 Weinheim, Germany, 1996. 248p. Illus. 259 ref. Price: DEM 48.00., ISBN 3-407-25167-X (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0705.pdf

This monograph discusses the psychological advantages and the mental stresses that characterize the teaching profession. Among the advantages: high degree of autonomy and variety; the primary duties of teaching (keeping discipline in class, motivating children to learn and think). Among the stresses: refusal of children to behave and perform well, correcting and grading, living up to parental expectations, conflicts with superiors, colleagues, parents, pupils. The book also discusses coping strategies for teachers and causes of job satisfaction such as success with children and social approval of accomplishments. (68918)

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CIS 97-706 Psychosocial and organizational hazards at work: Control and monitoring. Cox T., Cox S., Occupational Health Programme, WHO Regional Office for Europe, Scherfigsvej 8, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark, 1993. 57p. Illus. 108 ref. (In English)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0706.pdf

This monograph discusses limitations of the traditional approach to occupational health and explores the effects of psychosocial and organizational hazards and their monitoring as an essential part of a new model. Three main groups of concepts are covered: hazard, risk and harm (with special discussion of the effects of stress, vulnerability and estimation of scale and severity of harm); risk management and control (the control cycle and risk management; control of psychosocial and organizational hazards; agencies and targets); inspection, monitoring and auditing (monitoring systems; factors that promote monitoring; measurement in relation to psychosocial and organizational hazards; standards and legislation). (68759)

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CIS 97-707 Psychosocial factors involving stress and harassment. (German: Psychosoziale Faktoren am Arbeitsplatz unter Berücksichtigung von Stress und Belästigung) Beermann B., Meschkutat B., Bundesanstalt für Arbeitsschutz, Wirtschaftsverlag NW, Verlag für neue Wissenschaft GmbH, Postfach 10 11 10, 27511 Bremerhaven, Germany, 1995. 45p. 45 ref., ISBN 3-89429-654-2 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0707.pdf

In the past, psychological and sexual harassment at the workplace was treated as phenomena of lesser importance or as exceptions to the rule. There is now reason to believe that these phenomena occur far more frequently than one would think. Although there are strategies for handling this problem and preventing various forms of harassment and psychological pressure at the workplace, no complete analysis of these strategies has ever been done. In this report, the type and frequency of harassment at the workplace in Germany are described, as are the existing practices for handling these problems. On the basis of this information, practical guidelines are formulated. (68869)

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CIS 97-708 Influence of applied project management on the job satisfaction of the personnel integrated into a project organization. A field study in the motor vehicle industry. (German: Einfluss des angewandten Projektmanagements auf die Arbeitszufriedenheit der in einer Projektorganisation integrierten Mitarbeiter. Eine Felduntersuchung in der Automobilindustrie) Kraus G., Peter Lang GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 1996. 249p. Illus. 121 ref., ISBN 3-631-49262-6 (In German)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0708.pdf

In this study a special questionnaire was developed to study the connection between the application of a project management method (described by Platz) and job satisfaction of the personnel involved in the project. The questionnaire covers cooperation, working conditions, special management aspects, attitude towards work and the success of the project. The questionnaire was applied to 149 volunteers who for the first time worked on a project managed according to this method and to a control group in a German motor vehicle manufacturing plant. The results show that the employees' interest in the tasks can be increased beyond keeping deadlines, controlling costs and improving quality. (68905)

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CIS 97-709 Management of alcohol- and drug-related issues in the workplace. (French: Prise en charge des questions d'alcoolisme et de toxicomanie sur le lieu de travail; Spanish: Tratamiento de cuestiones relacionadas con el alcohol y las drogas en el lugar de trabajo) ILO Publications, International Labour Office, 1211 Genève 22, Switzerland, 1996. x, 45p. 89 ref. Price: CHF 15.00., ISBN 92-2-109455-3 (En), ISBN 92-2-209455-7 (fr), ISBN 92-2-309455-0 (es) (In English, French, Spanish)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cops/english/download/e970709.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
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http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cops/spanish/download/s970709.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
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http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cops/french/download/f970709.pdf
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/9
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Contents of this ILO code of practice: duties and rights of employers and employees; development of an alcohol and drug policy; restrictions on alcohol and drugs in the workplace; prevention through information and training programmes; identification and testing of workers with problems; treatment and rehabilitation programmes; intervention and disciplinary procedures. In appendices: physical effects of alcohol and drugs, and indicators of potential problems; ILO guiding principles on drug and alcohol testing. (68646)

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CIS 97-710 Alcohol, enterprise and occupational medicine - Practical handbook. (French: Alcool, entreprise et médecine du travail - Memento pratique) Arnaudin, Bailloeuil, Choasson, Demeaux, Gouty, Perceval, Proy, Renault, eds., Service Général de Médecine du Travail d'EDF et GDF, Division Santé Publique, 22-30 avenue de Wagram, 75382 Paris Cedex 08, France, May 1995. 112p. Illus. Bibl.ref. (In French)

Internet:
http://www.ilo.org/intranet/english/protection/safework/cis/database/orig/1997/97-0710.pdf

Guide on the prevention and treatment of alcoholism at the workplace. Contents: point of view of three French specialists on the subject: Gonnet F. (alcohol and management at the enterprise); Chapuis R. (alcohol and sociology); Barrier P. (getting to know the alcoholic); safety and health institutions; pedagogical support and means; training institutions; legal aspects; diagnosis techniques; bibliography and glossary. (68769)

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Página generada a partir de la base de datos CISDOC. Fecha: 15.08.20.