1. ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work and its Follow-up

    adopted by the International Labour Conference at its Eighty-sixth Session, Geneva, 18 June 1998 (Annex revised 15 June 2010)

Declaration: Home page
The Declaration
About us
The text of the Declaration and its follow-up
Background
History
The four fundamental principles and rights at work
Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour
Effective abolition of child labour
Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation
Follow-up to the Declaration
Annual review
Introduction to the compilation of annual reports
Current compilation of country baselines
Observations by international employers and workers organizations
Status by country
Archive of baselines by country
Report forms
Global reports
Technical cooperation projects
Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour
Effective abolition of child labour
Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation
Events and campaigns
Information resources
Factsheets
Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour
Effective abolition of child labour
Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation
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Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour
Effective abolition of child labour
Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation
Photo gallery
Speeches and presentations
Publications
Freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining
Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour
Effective abolition of child labour
Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation
What's new

ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work

Adopted in 1998, the Declaration commits Member States to respect and promote principles and rights in four categories, whether or not they have ratified the relevant Conventions.

These categories are: freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining, the elimination of forced or compulsory labour, the abolition of child labour and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.


The ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, adopted in 1998, makes it clear that these rights are universal, and that they apply to all people in all States - regardless of the level of economic development. It particularly mentions groups with special needs, including the unemployed and migrant workers. It recognizes that economic growth alone is not enough to ensure equity, social progress and to eradicate poverty.

This commitment is supported by a Follow-up procedure. Member States that have not ratified one or more of the core Conventions are asked each year to report on the status of the relevant rights and principles within their borders, noting impediments to ratification, and areas where assistance may be required. These reports are reviewed by the Committee of Independent Expert Advisers. In turn, their observations are considered by the ILO's Governing Body.

Learn more: Official textBackground and History.

Follow up of the Declaration

The Declaration and its Follow-up provides three ways to help countries, employers and workers achieve the full realization of the Declaration’s objective:

  1. Annual Review Reports composed of reports from countries that have not yet ratified one or more of the ILO Conventions that directly relate to the specific principles and rights stated in the Declaration. This reporting process provides Governments with an opportunity to state what measures they have taken towards achieving respect for the Declaration. It also gives organizations of employers and workers a chance to voice their views on progress made and actions taken.
  2. Global Reports which provides a dynamic global picture of the current situation of the principles and rights expressed in the Declaration. The Global Report is an objective view of the global and regional trends on the issues relevant to the Declaration and serves to highlight those areas that require greater attention. It serves as a basis for determining priorities for technical cooperation.
  3. Technical Cooperation Projects, the third way to give effect to the Declaration, are designed to address identifiable needs in relation to the Declaration and to strengthen local capacities thereby translating principles into practice.