Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour

  1. ILO Minimum Estimate of Forced Labour in the World

    01 April 2005

    The present technical document provides a detailed account of the methodology used in the estimate of forced labour in the world, published in the 2005 Global Report called "A Global Alliance against Forced Labour".

  2. A global alliance against forced labour. Global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Report of the Director-General, 2005

    01 March 2005

    This report is the most comprehensive account of contemporary forced labour to date. It provides the first global and regional estimates by an international organization of forced labour in the world today.

  3. Trafficking of migrant workers from Ukraine: Issues of labour and sexual exploitation

    11 January 2005

    This paper, prepared by a team of Ukrainian researchers and ILO consultants, argues that trafficking for labour exploitation is an emerging issue affecting labour migration from Ukraine. It also promotes a holistic approach to the eradication of trafficking with the active participation of labour market institutions in national action plans.

  4. Forced Labour outcomes of migration from Moldova: rapid assessment

    11 January 2005

    This Working Paper on trafficking for forced labour exploitation was prepared by a team of Moldovan researchers and ILO consultants.

  5. Trafficking of migrant workers from Albania: Issues of labour and sexual exploitation

    09 January 2005

    This paper, prepared by a team of researchers from the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC)and ILO consultants, argues that trafficking for labour exploitation is an emerging issue affecting labour migration from Albania. It also promotes a holistic approach to the eradication of trafficking with the active participation of labour market institutions in national action plans.

  6. Bonded Labour in India: its Incidence and Pattern

    06 January 2005

    Extensive research from the recent literature on bonded labour, compiling evidence from academic sources, the Government of India, the National Human Rights Commission, other NGOs and press reports.

  7. Bonded labour in Bolivia

    03 January 2005

    (Only available in Spanish) Este estudio presenta los resultados de una investigación en Bolivia, encargada por un antropólogo y un científico social, sobre el trabajo forzoso en la zafra de azúcar en Santa Cruz, la castaña en el norte amazónico boliviano y las comunidades cautivas del Chaco.

  8. Bonded labour in Paraguay

    03 January 2005

    (Only available in Spanish) A través del presente informe, la OIT pretende dar respuesta a la petición del Gobierno de Paraguay de establecer de manera objetiva los hechos relativos al trabajo forzoso y la discriminación que sufren los indígenas en el Chaco paraguayo. Este tipo de trabajo forzoso, es a menudo una manifestación de un patrón más amplio de discriminación hacia los indígenas. Es importante señalar, que el trabajo forzoso existe en una minoría de las haciendas del Chaco.

  9. Forced Labour In Peru

    03 January 2005

    (Only available in Spanish) Este estudio presenta los resultados de una investigación, encargada por un antropólogo y un científico social, sobre la existencia del trabajo forzoso en Perú.

  10. Forced Labour and Human trafficking: Estimating the Profits

    03 January 2005

    As part of SAP-FL research on the quantitative and economic dimensions of forced labour and human trafficking, this Paper aims to estimate the magnitude of global profits that are being realized through the exploitation of forced labourers.

  11. Trafficking and exploitation of Chinese migrants in France

    01 January 2005

    (Only available in French) Cette étude porte sur les migrants nouvellement arrivés qui travaillent dans plusieurs secteurs de l'économie souterraine.

  12. Human trafficking and forced labour exploitation - guidance for legislation and law enforcement

    01 January 2005

    This guide has been designed to provide lawmakers and law enforcement authorities with practical aid to understand and implement international standards on human trafficking and to take action accordingly.

  13. Human Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Japan

    01 January 2005

    The present publication focuses on the severe problems of sexual exploitation, given that this appears to be the main issue of concern in Japan today. It aims to present a clearer profile of human trafficking: the victims, the abuses they suffer, and the deceptions used by traffickers. It focuses primarily on the experiences of victims in order to better understand the push and pull factors of trafficking, providing details on both the situation in three main countries of origin (Colombia, the Philippines and Thailand) and the social and legal factors that make Japan a profitable market in particular for organized crime groups.

  14. Trafficking of migrant workers from Romania: Issues of labour and sexual exploitation

    10 January 2004

    This paper, prepared by a team of Romanian researchers under the supervision of Dr. Catalin Ghinarau, and by Mariska N.J. van der Linden, argues that trafficking for labour exploitation is an emerging issue in the region and in particular in Romania.

  15. Chinese migrants and Forced Labour in Europe

    07 January 2004

    This working paper, by Chinese lawyer Gao Yun, is the result mainly of a desk review drawing on existing literature about Chinese migration to Europe, and of analysis of current Chinese law on trafficking. (Available in French, English and Chinese)

  16. Human Trafficking in Europe: an Economic Perspective

    06 January 2004

    This paper is a broad mapping survey, placing the concerns of trafficking within broader migration analysis (including the role of irregular migration). It comments on the financial flows involved in trafficking, and on the different patterns of financing trafficking services. It also contains a brief review of the evidence, as to the extent to which organized crime is involved in human trafficking.

  17. A Rapid Assessment of Bonded Labour in Pakistan's Mining Sector

    03 January 2004

    This paper, written by Mr Ahmad Salim, of the Sustainable Development Policy Institute in Islamabad, deals with bonded labour in Pakistan’s mining sector.

  18. A rapid assessment of bonded labour in hazardous industries in Pakistan: glass bangle-making, tanneries and construction

    03 January 2004

    This paper examines labour arrangements and bonded labour in three hazardous industrial sectors in Pakistan: construction, glass bangle-making and tanneries. The research and analysis was undertaken by a team of researchers from the Collective for Social Science Research in Karachi. The same team also investigated domestic work and begging, the results of which are reported in another Working Paper.

  19. A rapid assessment of bonded labour in domestic work and begging in Pakistan

    03 January 2004

    This paper examines labour arrangements and bonded labour in domestic work and begging. The research and analysis was undertaken by a team of researchers from the Collective for Social Science Research in Karachi. The same team also investigated domestic work and begging, the results of which are reported in another Working Paper.

  20. A rapid assessment of bonded labour in the carpet industry of Pakistan

    03 January 2004

    This paper , written by Dr Zafar Mueen Nasir, of the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in Islamabad, deals with on bonded labour in Pakistan’s carpet-weaving sector.