Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour

  1. Globalization and the illicit market for human trafficking: an empirical analysis of supply and demand

    12 January 2006

    This working paper studies the determinants of trafficking for forced sexual exploitation, at a cross-country econometric analysis.

  2. Legal aspects of trafficking for forced labour purposes in Europe

    04 January 2006

    With numerous case examples of law and judicial practice from Europe, and some other countries, Rohit Malpani painstakingly reviews the present gaps in identification and prosecution of trafficking for forced labour cases, as well as deficiencies in approaches to prevention and to compensation for the abuses suffered by the victims of trafficking.

  3. Review of legislation and policies in Nigeria on Human Trafficking and Forced Labour

    01 January 2006

    An essential part of the Action Programme against Trafficking and Forced Labour in West Africa (PATWA) is to advocate for a legislative and policy framework in Nigeria and Ghana that enables the government and other national stakeholders to effectively combat trafficking in men, women and children for purposes of labour or sexual exploitation.

  4. Forced labour in the Russian Federation today: irregular migration and trafficking in human beings

    01 November 2005

    Throughout the world, more and more attention is given to the problem of trafficking in human beings. The trade in human beings and the use of slave labour are serious and burning issues which are relevant for Russia at present.

  5. Trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation in Germany

    01 November 2005

    Germany is an important destination contry for migrant workers from all over the world. Many of them work on the basis of mutually beneficial agreements made with their employers, but many are forced into submission by deception, threats, abuse, fraud and coercion.

  6. ILO Minimum Estimate of Forced Labour in the World

    01 April 2005

    The present technical document provides a detailed account of the methodology used in the estimate of forced labour in the world, published in the 2005 Global Report called "A Global Alliance against Forced Labour".

  7. A global alliance against forced labour. Global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Report of the Director-General, 2005

    01 March 2005

    This report is the most comprehensive account of contemporary forced labour to date. It provides the first global and regional estimates by an international organization of forced labour in the world today.

  8. Trafficking of migrant workers from Ukraine: Issues of labour and sexual exploitation

    11 January 2005

    This paper, prepared by a team of Ukrainian researchers and ILO consultants, argues that trafficking for labour exploitation is an emerging issue affecting labour migration from Ukraine. It also promotes a holistic approach to the eradication of trafficking with the active participation of labour market institutions in national action plans.

  9. Forced Labour outcomes of migration from Moldova: rapid assessment

    11 January 2005

    This Working Paper on trafficking for forced labour exploitation was prepared by a team of Moldovan researchers and ILO consultants.

  10. Trafficking of migrant workers from Albania: Issues of labour and sexual exploitation

    09 January 2005

    This paper, prepared by a team of researchers from the International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC)and ILO consultants, argues that trafficking for labour exploitation is an emerging issue affecting labour migration from Albania. It also promotes a holistic approach to the eradication of trafficking with the active participation of labour market institutions in national action plans.

  11. Bonded Labour in India: its Incidence and Pattern

    06 January 2005

    Extensive research from the recent literature on bonded labour, compiling evidence from academic sources, the Government of India, the National Human Rights Commission, other NGOs and press reports.

  12. Bonded labour in Bolivia

    03 January 2005

    (Only available in Spanish) Este estudio presenta los resultados de una investigación en Bolivia, encargada por un antropólogo y un científico social, sobre el trabajo forzoso en la zafra de azúcar en Santa Cruz, la castaña en el norte amazónico boliviano y las comunidades cautivas del Chaco.

  13. Bonded labour in Paraguay

    03 January 2005

    (Only available in Spanish) A través del presente informe, la OIT pretende dar respuesta a la petición del Gobierno de Paraguay de establecer de manera objetiva los hechos relativos al trabajo forzoso y la discriminación que sufren los indígenas en el Chaco paraguayo. Este tipo de trabajo forzoso, es a menudo una manifestación de un patrón más amplio de discriminación hacia los indígenas. Es importante señalar, que el trabajo forzoso existe en una minoría de las haciendas del Chaco.

  14. Forced Labour In Peru

    03 January 2005

    (Only available in Spanish) Este estudio presenta los resultados de una investigación, encargada por un antropólogo y un científico social, sobre la existencia del trabajo forzoso en Perú.

  15. Forced Labour and Human trafficking: Estimating the Profits

    03 January 2005

    As part of SAP-FL research on the quantitative and economic dimensions of forced labour and human trafficking, this Paper aims to estimate the magnitude of global profits that are being realized through the exploitation of forced labourers.

  16. Trafficking and exploitation of Chinese migrants in France

    01 January 2005

    (Only available in French) Cette étude porte sur les migrants nouvellement arrivés qui travaillent dans plusieurs secteurs de l'économie souterraine.

  17. Human trafficking and forced labour exploitation - guidance for legislation and law enforcement

    01 January 2005

    This guide has been designed to provide lawmakers and law enforcement authorities with practical aid to understand and implement international standards on human trafficking and to take action accordingly.

  18. Human Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Japan

    01 January 2005

    The present publication focuses on the severe problems of sexual exploitation, given that this appears to be the main issue of concern in Japan today. It aims to present a clearer profile of human trafficking: the victims, the abuses they suffer, and the deceptions used by traffickers. It focuses primarily on the experiences of victims in order to better understand the push and pull factors of trafficking, providing details on both the situation in three main countries of origin (Colombia, the Philippines and Thailand) and the social and legal factors that make Japan a profitable market in particular for organized crime groups.

  19. Trafficking of migrant workers from Romania: Issues of labour and sexual exploitation

    10 January 2004

    This paper, prepared by a team of Romanian researchers under the supervision of Dr. Catalin Ghinarau, and by Mariska N.J. van der Linden, argues that trafficking for labour exploitation is an emerging issue in the region and in particular in Romania.

  20. Chinese migrants and Forced Labour in Europe

    07 January 2004

    This working paper, by Chinese lawyer Gao Yun, is the result mainly of a desk review drawing on existing literature about Chinese migration to Europe, and of analysis of current Chinese law on trafficking. (Available in French, English and Chinese)