Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour
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Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour

  1. ILO action against trafficking in human beings

    12 February 2008

    In its many projects and advocacy activities, the ILO addresses trafficking from a labour market perspective. It thereby seeks to eliminate the root causes, such as poverty, lack of employment and inefficient labour migration systems. ILO led responses involve labour market institutions, such as public employment services, labour inspectors and labour ministries. Moreover, as a tripartite organisation, the ILO consults and involves workers’ and employers’ organisations in its work. This paper serves to outline ILO’s major areas of intervention, some lessons learned and further references.

  2. Forced labour and trafficking in Europe: how people are trapped in, live through and come out

    11 February 2008

    The paper is based on ILO research carried out between 2003 and 2007. It summarizes largely qualitative research from ten European source, transit and destination countries. It is therefore the result of a collective effort of researchers from many countries. The purpose of this project was to close a gap in current research that exists up to today: Most trafficking-related research, in particular primary research, focuses on trafficking of women for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Other forms of trafficking, such as those linked to forced labour in labour-intensive economic sectors, are still under-researched and under-theorized.

  3. A Workers’ Alliance against Forced Labour and Trafficking

    20 August 2007

    Joint project between the Special Action Programme against Forced Labour and the International Trade Union Confederation. Workers’ involvement is key to the success of the ILO campaign to rid the world of forced labour and human trafficking by 2015. The ITUC urges you and your organisation to join the global Workers’ Alliance against Forced Labour and Trafficking.

  4. General Survey concerning the Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29), and the Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105)

    01 May 2007

    The Survey by the Committee of Experts of the national legislation and practice on forced labour. In spite of the universal condemnation of forced labour and the adoption of constitutional and legislative provisions abolishing it, forced or compulsory labour practices unfortunately continue to exist and many people around the world are still subjected to it.

  5. Methodologies for global and national estimation of human trafficking victims: current and future approaches

    02 January 2007

    This paper provides a detailed comparison of the methodologies used by the ILO and the US government for computing global estimates, discussing strengths and weaknesses of both methods.

  6. Directions for national and international data collection on Forced Labour

    02 January 2007

    This paper provides some ideas and directions as to how the existing gaps in our understanding of the quantitative dimensions of forced labour could be reduced.

  7. Globalization and the illicit market for human trafficking: an empirical analysis of supply and demand

    12 January 2006

    This working paper studies the determinants of trafficking for forced sexual exploitation, at a cross-country econometric analysis.

  8. Legal aspects of trafficking for forced labour purposes in Europe

    04 January 2006

    With numerous case examples of law and judicial practice from Europe, and some other countries, Rohit Malpani painstakingly reviews the present gaps in identification and prosecution of trafficking for forced labour cases, as well as deficiencies in approaches to prevention and to compensation for the abuses suffered by the victims of trafficking.

  9. Review of legislation and policies in Nigeria on Human Trafficking and Forced Labour

    01 January 2006

    An essential part of the Action Programme against Trafficking and Forced Labour in West Africa (PATWA) is to advocate for a legislative and policy framework in Nigeria and Ghana that enables the government and other national stakeholders to effectively combat trafficking in men, women and children for purposes of labour or sexual exploitation.

  10. Forced labour in the Russian Federation today: irregular migration and trafficking in human beings

    01 November 2005

    Throughout the world, more and more attention is given to the problem of trafficking in human beings. The trade in human beings and the use of slave labour are serious and burning issues which are relevant for Russia at present.

  11. Trafficking for labour and sexual exploitation in Germany

    01 November 2005

    Germany is an important destination contry for migrant workers from all over the world. Many of them work on the basis of mutually beneficial agreements made with their employers, but many are forced into submission by deception, threats, abuse, fraud and coercion.

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