Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour

  1. The effect of ILO's Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work on the evolution of Legal policy in Brazil: An analysis of freedom of association

    25 November 2009

  2. Preventing Forced Labour Exploitation and Promoting Good Labour Practices in the Russian Construction Industry

    20 October 2009

    Joint report: International Labour Organization and European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The report should be seen as an initial attempt to analyse labour conditions in Russia’s construction sector and to discuss the feasibility of using the elements of corporate responsibility as tools to address some of the deficiencies, especially related to labour rights and the exploitation of migrant workers.

  3. “West-African court slavery judgement”, Article by Jeroen Beirnaert in International union rights

    05 October 2009

    Article of the Journal "International union rights", Volume 16 Issue 2 2009

  4. United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues – Mission report from Paraguay

    31 August 2009

    This report, undertaken under the mandate of the United Nations Permanent Forum and at the request of the Government of Paraguay, concludes that a system of forced labour exists in the Chaco region, along with grave violations of international instruments supported or ratified by Paraguay.

  5. United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues – Mission report from Bolivia

    31 August 2009

    This report, undertaken under the mandate of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and at the request of the Government of Bolivia, concludes that forced labour exists in the Chaco region, along with grave violations of international treaties ratified by Bolivia. The Mission appreciates the decision announced by Bolivian Government officials to adopt measures aimed at eradicating conditions and situations preventing the full exercise of human rights.

  6. Executive Summary "Forced labour: Coercion and exploitation in the private economy"

    19 August 2009

    This co-publication by the ILO and Lynne Rienner is based on more than six years of research and features case studies from Latin America, South Asia, Africa and Europe.

  7. Fighting forced labour: the example of Brazil

    15 July 2009

    For some fifteen years, since a new inter-ministerial body was created in 1995 to coordinate action against forced labour, Brazil has been addressing the problem with vigour and determination. It has done so in many ways, involving different government agencies, employers’ and workers’ organizations, civil society, the media, academic organizations and others.

  8. "Kilns of bondage", Frontline, India

    15 July 2009

    An ILO report on the exploitation of brick kiln workers in Tamil Nadu pushes the State government into action to end the practice of “debt bondage”.

  9. Recruitment of Pakistani Workers for Overseas Employment: Mechanisms, Exploitation and Vulnerabilities

    01 July 2009

    This study in Pakistan was commissioned against the backdrop of growing concern globally about the particular vulnerability of both regular and irregular migrant workers to exploitation, trafficking and forced labour. It was undertaken to inform dialogue between Asian sender and Middle Eastern destination countries, at a Gulf Forum on Temporary Contractual Labour held in Abu Dhabi in early 2008, along with a sister study addressing similar questions in Bangladesh.

  10. Unravelling the vicious cycle of recruitment

    29 May 2009

    This study in Bangladesh was commissioned against the backdrop of growing concern globally about the particular vulnerability of both regular and irregular migrant workers to exploitation, trafficking and forced labour. It was undertaken to inform dialogue between Asian sender and Middle Eastern destination countries, at a Gulf Forum on Temporary Contractual Labour, held in Abu Dhabi in early 2008, along with a sister study addressing similar questions in Pakistan. While provisional findings were first presented at that time, we are now pleased to publish the full findings of the research, following the launch of the ILO’s third global report on forced labour, entitled “The cost of coercion” on 12 May 2009.

  11. Measuring the Costs of Coercion to Workers in Forced Labour

    22 May 2009

    What are, in addition to the human suffering, the financial costs of coercion to people who work in forced labour? In other words, how much money is “stolen” from people in forced labour?

  12. Questions and answers on “The cost of coercion”, the 2009 ILO global report on forced labour

    22 May 2009

    The 2009 ILO global report on forced labour entitled “The cost of coercion” says that victims of forced labour lose an estimated USD 20 billion ever year in unpaid earnings. This and other findings provide a powerful economic argument for stepping up global action against forced labour.

  13. Executive Summary of 2009 Global Report on Forced Labour "The cost of coercion"

    22 May 2009

    In presenting this report the ILO launched a challenge to the world community, to build and consolidate a global alliance, involving a range of partners, in order to eradicate forced labour at the earliest opportunity.

  14. The cost of coercion - Global Report on Forced Labour 2009

    12 May 2009

    Global Report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Forced labour is the antithesis of decent work. The least protected persons, including women and youth, indigenous peoples, and migrant workers, are particularly vulnerable. Modern forced labour can be eradicated with a sustained commitment and resources.

  15. Forced Labour and Human Trafficking: Casebook of Court Decisions

    06 May 2009

    This training manual for judges, prosecutors and legal practitioners

  16. Operational indicators of trafficking in human beings

    04 May 2009

    Four sets of operational indicators of trafficking (adults and children for labour and sexual exploitation) resulting from a joint European Commission-ILO project. The Delphi methodology used to reach a consensus on these lists is presented in the brochure.

  17. Combating trafficking in Persons - A Handbook for Parliamentarians

    08 April 2009

    Parliamentarians have an essential role to play in the fight against human trafficking. The present Handbook, published by the United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT), suggests some practical ways in which Parliamentarians can develop and promote the comprehensive frameworks needed to do so.

  18. Forced labour and human trafficking: A toolkit for trade unions in Zambia

    01 November 2008

    This toolkit was developed in collaboration with trade unions in Zambia. It aims to provide practical guidance and suggestions that will allow trade union officers and members to recognize forced labour and to take action to prevent it and assist its victims.

  19. Forced labour and human trafficking: Guidelines for labour officers in Zambia

    01 November 2008

    To win the war on forced labour, labour inspectors and other law enforcement officers need the right tools. They need to have a stronger grasp of the concepts, and indicators of possible forced labour situations. This is the role that these guidelines will play.

  20. "Focus on forced labour - Union action to protect the world’s most marginalised workers" International union rights

    05 October 2008

    Special edition on forced labour of the Journal "International union rights", Volume 14 Issue 4 2008