Elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour

  1. Insights into working conditions in India’s garment industry

    03 July 2015

    This report presents selected findings of research into the garment industry in India. The primary purpose of the study was to investigate the factors leading to labour shortage and labour turnover in the industry. Then some additional questions were included in the survey instruments covering a number of indicators of forced labour, in order to investigate whether any such practices were prevalent in the workplaces surveyed.

  2. Indispensable yet unprotected: Working conditions of Indian Domestic Workers at Home and Abroad

    25 June 2015

    This study aims to provide policy-makers and service providers with deeper insight into the nature of forced labour and trafficking in this region. Armed with this knowledge, action to combat trafficking in the region will become more effective, finally bringing an end to this unacceptable form of human exploitation.

  3. ILO Data Initiative on Modern Slavery

    27 April 2015

    Multi-stakeholders process initiated by the ILO to harmonize data collection worldwide and generate better prevalence data.

  4. ILO Special Action Programme to combat Forced labour Highlights - February 2015 Issue

    09 February 2015

  5. ILO Special Action Programme to combat Forced labour Newsletter - May 2014

    28 May 2014

  6. SAPFL Newsletter - September 2013

    10 September 2013

  7. ILO indicators of Forced Labour

    01 October 2012

    This booklet presents an introduction to the ILO Indicators of Forced Labour. These indicators are intended to help “front-line” criminal law enforcement officials, labour inspectors, trade union officers, NGO workers and others to identify persons who are possibly trapped in a forced labour situation, and who may require urgent assistance. The indicators represent the most common signs or “clues” that point to the possible existence of a forced labour case.

  8. Stopping forced labour and slavery-like practices - The ILO strategy

    18 September 2012

    This document presents the ILO strategy to combat forced labour for 2012-2015 and provides details about the 3 priority areas for the period, namely research and knowledge management, elimination of forced labour from global value chains, and implementation of country-based interventions.

  9. Hard to see, harder to count - Survey guidelines to estimate forced labour of adults and children

    01 June 2012

    These guidelines share the experience gained and lessons learned by the ILO between 2008 and 2010 through quantitative surveys of forced labour and human trafficking undertaken at country level. They aim to provide comprehensive information and tools to enable national statistical offices and research institutes to undertake national surveys on forced labour of adults and/or children.

  10. Summary of the ILO 2012 Global Estimate of Forced Labour

    01 June 2012

    Using a new and improved statistical methodology, the ILO estimates that 20.9 million people are victims of forced labour globally, trapped in jobs into which they were coerced or deceived and which they cannot leave.

  11. A Global Alliance against Forced Labour and Trafficking in persons

    15 May 2012

    Key Achievements of the ILO's Special Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour 2001-2011

  12. Joint UN Commentary on the EU Directive on human trafficking – A Human Rights-Based Approach

    07 March 2012

    “Prevent. Combat. Protect” is the joint UNHCR, OHCHR, UNICEF, UNODC, ILO and UN Women commentary on selected articles of the EU Directive on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting victims. It promotes a human rights-based approach, provides guidance to policy-makers and legislators in EU Member States on key articles of the Directive, and makes recommendations for the transposition and implementation of the Directive.

  13. SAP-FL Newsletter : Issue 3 - 2013

    31 January 2012

    Newsletter prepared by the ILO Special Action Programme to combat forced labour. Third issue 2013

  14. Forced labour in Northern Ireland: exploiting vulnerability, Joseph Rowntree Foundation

    14 June 2011

    This report explores the extent of forced labour among new migrants to Northern Ireland and identified a number of problems of forced labour in the mushroom farming, fishing and catering industries as well as more isolated problems in a variety of other casual work environments. The exploitation through forced labour that was encountered was not particularly associated with human trafficking. Rather people’s vulnerability to exploitation through forced labour was more likely to be associated with factors such as an individual’s legal status, their English language skills, a lack of access to advice and information, and an absence of appropriate community-based support networksThe report suggests a number of actions that could improve identification of cases of forced labour and responses to the problem.

  15. A Trade Union Perspective on Combating Trafficking and Forced Labour in Europe, by Jeroen Beirnaert

    27 May 2011

    The paper is part of the book published by the University of Tilburg "Combating Trafficking in Human Beings for Labour Exploitation", Conny Rijken (ed.), 2011, Wolf Legal Publishers

  16. The good practices of labour inspection in Brazil: the eradication of labour analogous to slavery

    15 April 2011

    This publication was produced under the framework of technical cooperation undertaken between the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and the Secretariat of Labour Inspection (SIT). This partnership is embodied in the collection “The Good Practices of Labour Inspection in Brazil,” comprised of four publications on the labour inspection system in Brazil and the Brazilian labour inspection experiences in the following areas: eradication of child labour; combating forced labour; and the maritime sector. The eradication of labour analogous to slavery is today one of the main objectives of the Brazilian agenda for the promotion of human rights. This document presents a synthesis of labour inspection actions of the Ministry of Labour and Employment (MTE), in cooperation with governmental partners, employer associations, workers’ unions and civil society organizations in the fi ght against this extreme form of labour exploitation.

  17. Human Trafficking and Business: An eLearning course on how to prevent and combat human trafficking

    15 February 2011

    The United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) and the End Human Trafficking Now! Campaign (EHTN!) have developed an eLearning course which is a modular training programme for business leaders, managers and employees of business companies.

  18. SAP-FL Newsletter: Issue 2 - 2011

    15 February 2011

    Newsletter prepared by the ILO Special Action Programme to combat forced labour. Second issue 2011

  19. Evaluation of the Special Action Programme to combat Forced Labour (SAP-FL) 2006-09

    10 January 2011

    Executive summary of the independent evaluation carried out in 2010

  20. Rights on the Line - Human Rights Watch

    11 December 2010

    HRW documented labour exploitation and barriers to redress for migrants in agriculture, domestic work, and construction in Indonesia, Malaysia, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States. Immigration sponsorship systems in many countries give employers immense control over workers and lead to migrants being trapped in abusive situations or unable to pursue redress through the justice system.