Strengthening childcare provision in Moldova through public and private efforts – opportunities and constraints

Market system analysis of the childcare sector in Moldova. The report provides recommendations for various interventions that should support the implementation of the legislation.

In recent years, the use of childcare in Moldova has increased steadily, enabling women to return to the labour market. However, the use of childcare for children aged 0–3 is still significantly lower than for older generations. This is due to a large extent to the lack of (public) childcare services for this age group. The available childcare for young children is provided mainly through informal services, such as nannies.

In December 2022, the Moldovan Parliament sought to facilitate the use of childcare for 0–3 year-olds by adopting the Law on Alternative Childcare Services, which allows for the establishment of three formal, private forms of childcare: (i) work-based childcare, (ii) home-based nurseries, and (iii) individual nanny services.

To analyse the current childcare situation and the impact of the new legislation, the ILO commissioned a market systems analysis to determine how the alternative forms of childcare would affect – and be affected by – the supply and demand of childcare, the childcare supporting functions, and the overall rules and regulations governing the childcare sector.