- ©Matthias Berg
- ©UN Women
- ©UN Women
- ©Fadel Senna / AFP
- ©Aurel Obreja / UN Women
- ©Ronaldo Shemidt / AFP
- ©Emre Caylak / AFP
- ©S.Hudak / Nurphoto - AFP
The impact of the war on income and employment in UkraineThe Russian Federation’s aggression against Ukraine has resulted in a devastating humanitarian crisis, causing large losses of life, massive destruction of infrastructure, and immense human suffering. As of late July, more than 6.16 million Ukrainian refugees were recorded across Europe, and 7.1 million have had to relocate within the country.
Preliminary assessments say that national income will drastically drop this year by between 35 and 45 per cent. According to ILO estimates 30 per cent of all jobs – approximately 4.8 million – have been lost since the outbreak of the war.
As the conflict drags on, more Ukrainians could lose their jobs and millions could be pushed into poverty, which could offset the country’s development efforts.
ILO’s immediate responseWith support from its long-standing partners in Ukraine, the ILO rapidly re-purposed US$1.3 million of its existing funds to deliver humanitarian aid and income support. These funds have allowed the ILO to provide 7,750 bednights for displaced people in Ukraine, and 3,550 bednights for Ukrainian refugees in Moldova. ILO also rapidly trained 300 Ukrainian and Moldovan labour inspectors on psychological first aid and developed an awareness raising campaign on the risks of human trafficking and labour exploitation targeting refugees, most of whom are women. As of late July, this campaign reached out to 400,000 displaced Ukrainians.
Scaling-up support based on needsWhile fighting continues, some areas of Ukraine are starting recovery efforts and others far behind the frontlines continue to work and produce. For this reason, the ILO’s work in Ukraine combines the continued delivery of humanitarian aid with economic stabilisation and job preservation interventions, depending on the security situation and needs in the different regions of the country.
At the same time, the ILO is stepping-up support to facilitate the protection and socioeconomic inclusion of refugees in neighbouring countries, particularly in Moldova, in coordination with the Government, UN partners, and local civil society.
- Delivery of humanitarian aid, such as shelter and food, for displaced people in Ukraine and Moldova
- Inclusion of internally displaced people and refugees in labour markets and education, including by facilitating the recognition of educational credentials and leveraging e-learning solutions developed during the pandemic
- Prevention of labour exploitation and human trafficking of displaced populations
- Income support through the facilitation of social payments and cash for work programmes
- Economic stabilization measures in relatively safe regions of Ukraine through private sector development, local employment partnerships, entrepreneurship training, and relocation of businesses
- Financial support to trade unions and employers’ organizations for upgrading services to members (business relocation and business matchmaking with aid industry job referral and legal advisory services)
- Continue to support development in Ukraine by working with the Government on priority reforms in selected areas (labour law reform, e-learning solutions).