About the ILO in Albania

High youth inactivity needs to be addressed

Since the fall of the Iron Curtain Albania grew from one of the poorest countries in Europe in the 1990s to an upper middle income country. As with regard to political integration the recent key step has been the European Commission’s recommendation in 2018 to open accession negotiations with EU.

Despite the growth trajectory, the country faces a number of challenges. The unemployment remains still relatively high (14%). The youth unemployment rate is worryingly high (26 %) and the high rate of youth not in education, employment nor training (30%) is a cause of concern. Active labour market policies have been introduced, but they still cover only 5.5% of the unemployed (2017). 42% of the workforce is employed in agriculture, mostly in low-skilled and low-productivity jobs, revealing the need for structural changes in the labour market.

ILO interventions offered

With permanent presence in the country since 2002 and assistance through the Decent Work Country Programs (DWCP), the ILO supports the country in overcoming the challenges. The current DWCP 2017-2021  focuses on job creation, social protection, and improved social dialogue.

ILO’s current development cooperation projects focus on reviving the National Labour Council as a dialogue platform on labour and social policies, promoting out-of-court labour dispute resolutions, extending public employment services to vulnerable groups, and improving the State Labour Inspectorate’s capability to monitor occupational health and safety standards in the workplace.

Albania has ratified 54 ILO Conventions including the 8 Fundamental Conventions, the 4 Governance Conventions and 42 Technical Conventions.