Equality and discrimination

Throughout Central and Eastern Europe, unemployment is more often a problem of women than for men, including long term unemployment. Unemployed women are also exposed to a greater risk of remaining unemployed for a longer time. In addition, women in most of these countries are affected to a great extent by hidden unemployment and work in the growing informal economy. 

Gender segregation in employment still prevails in most Central and Eastern European countries. In the labour market, low-paid occupations in health and education, public sector and services are as a rule female dominated. Women are very often paid less for work of equal value. 

Highlights

  1. New publication

    The gender pay gap in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

    May 11, 2012

    Significant gender differences with regard to wages and remuneration are prevalent in labour markets in every country of the world. In the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, however, they seem particularly high. According to one study, women’s average net wage in 2006 was 27.4 per cent lower than that of men. The paper provides an important overview of women’s employment in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in the last 15 years, and presents a picture of gender equality in today’s labour market through data and the review of literature.

  2. Press release

    EU and ILO have helped improve gender equality at work in Ukraine

    June 29, 2011

    Started in 2009, in the wake of the global economic crisis, the joint EU-ILO project ‘Gender Equality in the World of Work’ project has enabled labour market institutions and social partners to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment in the Ukrainian world of work by developing, implementing and monitoring gender-sensitive policies and programmes. 

What's new

  1. Where we are, and where we want to be - Views of workers, employers and government on the situation of women at work

    07 March 2014

    To mark the International Women’s Day in 2014, the ILO Budapest Office started to collect views of its Central and Eastern European members on progress achieved and challenges ahead for women at work in the region.

  2. Women entrepreneurs need further support in Montenegro

    12 November 2013

    The Montenegrin Employers Federation (MEF) published a report entitled Assessment of the environment for women entrepreneurship in Montenegro with the financial and technical assistance of the ILO. ILO Online asked Ms Zvezdana Oluic, Head of PR and Marketing Sector about the results of the survey.

  3. First cooperation between the ILO and UNFPA in Ukraine

    24 October 2012

    A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) on the 8th of October 2012 to kick-start cooperation in the area of gender equality in the Ukrainian world of work.