This report finds that the Syrian refugee crisis is taking a heavy toll on Jordanians. In particular, it is affecting the most vulnerable segments of the population in the northern part of the country; competition over livelihoods and incomes is increasing, especially irregular jobs requiring unskilled labour. Evidence also suggests that increased Syrian labour market activity has put a downward pressure on wages in the informal private sector, where wages were already low. Evidence suggests that Jordanian women at the lower end of the labour market (e.g. the home-based informal sector) are losing their jobs and income opportunities to Syrian women.