Livelihood and economic recovery: Strengthening social cohesion and community resilience in Yemen

The ILO has partnered with five other UN agencies to implement a cross-cutting livelihoods and economic recovery programme in Yemen targeting vulnerable segments of the population.

The complexity and uncertainty of the current situation in Yemen, as well as the importance the Government of Yemen (GoY) and the International Community have placed on the transition period, demands a multi-sector response to create the conditions for a peaceful and successful transition. In its Transitional Program for Stabilization and Development (TPSD) the GoY highlighted the need for “economic recovery, stabilization, and growth foundations” alongside the political process. Accordingly, this project targets those affected by conflict between the state and armed groups as well as those prompted to participate in conflict around regime change. In particular, vulnerable at risk populations including Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), the youth, as well as those living in poverty and vulnerable households will be a focus.

To further these ends, the ILO has partnered with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Organization for Migration, the World Food Programme, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to create short-term employment and rehabilitation of livelihoods to restore socio-economic infrastructure at the local level. The project utilizes an innovative approach developed by UNDP which includes compulsory savings invested in livelihoods initiatives which create sustainable employment as well as generate income and self-employment opportunities through development of enterprises in urban and rural areas. Ultimately, the project aims to improve incomes and create employment to laying the foundation for economic growth in the medium term and, most importantly, generating immediate, visible peace dividends that contribute to a peaceful and successful transition in Yemen.


  • Promote unemployed IDPs, the youth, those living in poverty, and populations most vulnerable or at risk of return to violence to become drivers of innovation and economic recovery as well as contributors to peaceful coexistence and a successful political transition.

Main Activities

  • Rehabilitate and restore socioeconomic infrastructure through support to community development committees;
  • create short-term employment through community based development projects, value chain development and leadership training;
  • create enterprises in different sub-sectors through community development committees;
  • improve livelihood opportunities for women and youth through cash-for work programmes;
  • create job placement opportunities through labour market studies and skills training, especially among women; and
  • create small enterprise start-ups through business coaching and start-up kits.


  • Community Development Committees (CDCs) are established and capacitated;
  • livelihoods are stabilized through participatory service delivery, managed through CDCs;
  • wage- and self-employment are promoted through training and work programmes; and
  • women are empowered to participate in peacebuilding and the decision-making process.