Facts & Figures
- Countries in the Arab States region spend an average of 2.5 per cent of GDP on social protection excluding health, though with significant regional variation.
- Less than a third of the region’s labour force contributes to social security on average across the Arab States
- Jordan and Saudi Arabia maintain the highest regional average pension coverage (51 percent) other GCC countries have considerably lower coverage rates due to the high numbers of foreign workers, mainly from Southern Asia and South-Eastern Asia, who do not enjoy social security coverage
- Coverage rates for women are often under half of those for men with young women fairing even worse: their labour force participation rate amounts to only 13.5 percent, while unemployment among young women stands at 49 percent.
- Only 27 percent of the region’s senior citizens receive old age pensions.
- Average legal coverage of pension systems for the population of the Arab States is nearly 46 percent while coverage for women is only at 34.8 percent.
- Jordan is the sole country in the Arab States, that ratified ILO’s convention on Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102), in February 2014.
- Most countries in the Arab State with Jordan as an exception, do not have maternity insurance schemes in place, and the burden to pay the salary during maternity leave rests with the employer.
- Bahrain, Kuwait, Jordan and Saudi Arabia have established unemployment insurance schemes. Oman and the United Arab Emirates are in the process of setting-up such a scheme for private sector workers.
Norwegian Prime Minister meets Syrian refugees, ILO officials to examine impact of employment on refugees in Jordan
21 October 2019
23 August 2019