The ILO publishes a wide range of books, reports, working papers, training manuals, CD-ROMs, videos and flash movies, relevant to China and Mongolia. Some of these can be downloaded directly. Others can be requested from the ILO Library in Beijing.


  1. Newsletter Issue 3: EU-China Dialogue on Migration and Mobility Support Project

    23 June 2016

    This edition of project newsletter offers an overview of the cooperation frameworks between EU and China in the area of recent migration related policy developments, mobility of researchers, schemes introduced by both sides to promote and attract top talent, and policy research and discussion on labour migration in China’s urbanization process with particular attention to the protection of vulnerable groups such as domestic workers. In addition, you will read analysis on the impact of the project activities, completed in the last quarter, on the overall objective of supporting the EU China Dialogue on Migration and Mobility.

  2. Review of policy and practice: Compulsory military service and conscript labour in Mongolia

    15 June 2016

    The report identifies areas in which Mongolian national law, policies and practices may be reviewed to ensure that compulsory military service is organized in a manner that is in compliance with Mongolia’s international obligations. It recommends making hiring for development programmes part of general employment programmes and labour market policy.

  3. An empirical study: Prison labour and employment conditions of convicts in Mongolia

    15 June 2016

    The report identifies various areas in which Mongolian national law and practices may be reviewed to ensure that the private employment of prisoners is organized in a manner that is in full compliance with Mongolia’s international obligations and is beneficial for the prisoners themselves.

  4. Technical explanatory note: The criminalization of discrimination

    09 June 2016

    This technical explanatory note provides information on discrimination in the workplace and discusses the effectiveness of different methods of tackling such discrimination, including the use of criminal sanctions.

  5. Mongolia policy brief: International labour standards and trade

    09 June 2016

    This policy brief is part of a series providing information on international labour standards and their implementation in Mongolia.

  6. Mongolia policy brief: Child labour

    09 June 2016

    This policy brief is part of a series providing information on international labour standards and their implementation in Mongolia.

  7. Mongolia policy brief: Forced labour

    09 June 2016

    This policy brief is part of a series providing information on international labour standards and their implementation in Mongolia.

  8. Financial assessment of the proposed reform to the social security system for older persons and a proposed new pension scheme for the herders and self-employed persons

    01 June 2016

    This report analyses some propositions of the reform of the Mongolian pension system. It also presents an analysis of the implementation of a new scheme for herders and self-employed workers. It is important to bear in mind that this report does not constitute an actuarial valuation of the current social security system in Mongolia. Some of the data needed to proceed were not available. Enough information was however available to have a good idea of the magnitude of the recommended options.

  9. Research Brief on Wages, Productivity and Labour Share in China

    28 April 2016

    This technical research brief presents evidence on the declining wage share in China until recently, in spite of significant rise in wages in the country. It provides a perspective on the on-going debate/discussion in the country on whether or not fast growth in wages has hindered competitiveness.

  10. Inclusion of People with Disabilities in China

    11 April 2016

    Women and men with disabilities can, want and deserve to be productive members of society. In both developed and developing countries, promoting inclusive socio-economic opportunities for people with disabilities requires improved access to basic education, vocational training relevant to labour market needs, and jobs suited to their skills, interests and abilities (with adaptations made as needed).

  11. Report to the Government: Assessment of the social security legislation for the ratification of the Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102)

    24 March 2016

    This report contains a detailed legal assessment of existing social security provisions taking into account the requirements of Convention No. 102, and is intended to serve as a reference in view of a possible future ratification of Convention No. 102 by Mongolia. It formulates a number of recommendations and, on the basis of the analysis with the information made available to the ILO at the time of preparing this report, concludes that Mongolia is indeed in a position to ratify the Convention by meeting its minimum requirements.

  12. Newsletter Issue2: EU-China Dialogue on Migration and Mobility Support Project

    01 March 2016

    The focus of this edition is to share the outcomes of the project activities car-ried out in the last few months and what has been planned for the year ahead. Additionally and as usual, it will have some analysis on recent poli-cy and strategic developments and related legislative regulations in the EU and China in the area of migration and mobility.

  13. Youth Employment Inventory (YEI): China

    29 January 2016

    The Youth Employment Inventory provides comparative information about the design, characteristics and achievements of 70 youth employment interventions that aim to improve the labour market outcomes of young people in China. The interventions include skills training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment – either as a stand-alone or combined intervention. Information about the geographic coverage, scale and targeting characteristics of each intervention is complemented by information about their design, costs, implementation and financing mechanisms.


  1. The rights of child jockeys in spring horse racing

    25 December 2015

    Horse racing events have been evolving from part of the traditional festive culture into a highly commercialized profit-oriented activity that takes place not only in summer but throughout the year in winter and spring seasons when children face a high level of risk of various injuries, and even fatalities.

  2. Collective bargaining - a policy guide

    11 December 2015

    How can governments advance the effective recognition of this fundamental right? Which policies and institutions promote collective bargaining and how might they be established?

  3. Media Training is Making a Difference

    27 November 2015

    PROPEL works to build capacity of the media to effectively report on disability. Informed media coverage helps disability advocates reach policymakers, businesses, workers, and others with key messages about the rights of disabled persons, and the positive contributions they can make to the workplace and communities.

  4. The ILO in China

    22 October 2015

    This Country Leaflet gives an overview of ILO activities in China. It summarizes the ILO’s history in the country, and outlines the work undertaken by the ILO in cooperation with the government and social partners on a wide range of work and workplace issues.

  5. ILO Publications Catalogue 2015

    01 October 2015

  6. SCORE China Factsheet

    25 August 2015

    Sustaining Competitive and Responsible Enterprises (SCORE) Phase II (2013-2016) focuses on project sustainability by building capacity of national institutions to provide sustainable SCORE Training to improve the working conditions, productivity and competitiveness among SMEs.

  7. The labour, human health and environmental dimensions of e-waste management in China

    11 June 2015

    This research paper examines the labour, human health and environmental dimensions of e-waste management in China, analyzing both the formal and informal sectors. It identifies the needs for synergizing policies and measures concerning environmental pollution control and labour protection in e-waste management.