Mongolia briefing note: Occupational safety and health in mining

This briefing note provides information on occupational safety and health in mining in Mongolia, with a particular focus on children, youth and women working in this sector.

This briefing note highlights key features of the Minimum Age (Underground Work) Convention, 1965 (No. 123), the Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No. 155) and its Protocol of 2002, and the Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 (No. 176), as well as setting out other relevant ILO instruments. It also makes the case for ratifying the Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81).

The note considers Mongolian law and practice in respect of occupational safety and health in mining, covering formal, large-scale mining; artisanal, small-scale mining (ASM); and informal mining. It gives examples of common hazards facing workers engaged in different types of mining from various studies, including those facing children and youth working in this sector. It also highlights gender issues, including opening up access to mining (particularly underground work) for women.

The note discusses issues concerning data collection, management, training, inspection and compliance, identifying shortfalls and providing recommendations to improve occupational safety and health in mining.