Mongolia policy brief: Child labour

This policy brief is part of a series providing information on international labour standards and their implementation in Mongolia.

This policy brief relates specifically to child labour. It highlights key features of the Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No. 138), the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) and the Worst Forms of Child Labour Recommendation, 1999 (No. 190). It explains the differences between permissible economic activities for children, child labour, the worst forms of child labour and hazardous work.

The brief considers Mongolian law and practice in respect of child labour, including the latest changes to the Labour Law (1999) and Criminal Code (2015) in relation to the minimum working age and punishments applicable to those who force children to perform child labour. It highlights areas in which both could be improved and provides recommendations.

The brief also examines child labour in agriculture, horse racing, construction and mining, as well as considering the effects of child labour, including gender outcomes. It concludes that action must be taken in each of these sectors to eradicate child labour and boys suffer a particular disadvantage in respect of negative impacts on their education.