BackgroundMongolia has ratified 20 ILO conventions including 8 fundamental conventions. Over the past decade, Mongolia has taken concrete measures towards the elimination of the worst forms of child labour and towards closing the gaps in the implementation of the principles of the Forced Labour Convention. However, significant challenges remain largely in employment and labour practices in the informal economy according to the comments of the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR) on the Government’s report. Thanks to cooperation with international organizations in the past decade, the implementation of the National Time-bound Programme to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labour (2011 – 2016), has been generally successful in advocating for promoting children’s welfare and protecting them from child labour through research, informational campaigns and ad hoc technical working groups. The strong civil society alliance against child labour has been instrumental in pushing for legislative changes, among others, in the use of children as jockeys in horse racing as it is a practice that is widely perceived as a key element of Mongolia’s national and cultural identity. National laws prohibit employment of children under 15 years old. Gauging enforcement in general is problematic, largely due to labour inspection capacity and legislation relating to how inspections are conducted. In 2017, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection issued a List of Jobs Prohibited for Minors. Among others, the recent NHRCM’s study on labour rights in SMEs (2017) confirms that violations of fundamental principles and rights at work widely exist while some other studies and assessments highlight limitations and low capacity of the relevant public organizations in enforcing, monitoring and reporting on national labour legislation and ILS.
Objectives of the training:
- To provide up-to-date information on ILS on child and forced labour to child rights inspectors and labour inspectors;
- To update child rights inspectors and labour inspectors with recent developments on national legislation, policy and actions towards elimination of child and forced labour;
- To share recent global and regional estimates of child labour and forced labour; and
- To provide good practices to effectively deal with child labour situations.
Participants:72 participants including child rights inspectors, labour inspectors and staff of AFCYD and GASI.
Mr. Alain Pelce, Senior Specialist, International Labour Standards and Labour Law and Ms. Bharati Pflug, Senior Specialist, Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, ILO DWT-Bangkok together with national speakers will cover the following key topics:
- International labour standards on child labour and forced labour including P29
- International and national trends in child labour and forced labour
- National legal framework to prohibit and eliminate child labour and forced labour
- Mongolia’s efforts and challenges to implement ILO conventions 29, 105, 138 and 182
- Useful tools for labour inspectors and child monitors
- Good practices in the elimination of child labour