Yunnan Province, China: situation of trafficking in children and women: a rapid assessment

Presents an overview of the extent of trafficking in women and children and makes recommendations for action. Includes survey methodology, questionnaires and data collecting forms.

In 2000, ILO-IPEC (the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour of the International Labour Organization) launched the Mekong Sub-Regional Project to Combat Trafficking in Children and Women (IPEC-TICW). This project aims to substantially prevent internal and cross-border trafficking in children and women for labour exploitation, including sexual exploitation. Activities are scheduled to be implemented in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, Viet Nam, China (Yunnan Province) and at the subregional level.

ILO-IPEC established a project office in Kunming, Yunnan Province to oversee implementation of the project’s China component. Among the office’s first tasks were to assess the current status of trafficking of women and children in Yunnan, and to identify four townships for project implementation to focus. The office sought the cooperation of a number of local government agencies and the Women’s Federation in carrying out a rapid assessment of prevailing socio-economic conditions and the nature and extent of trafficking in women and children in the province. This report presents the main findings of the rapid assessment conducted in early 2001 and makes several recommendations for action by the project.

Since the 1980s, trafficking in women in children has grown in China at an alarming rate. Today it threatens the social stability and development of many rural communities as well as causing enormous distress to many individuals and families. In Yunnan, the eighth-largest province in China and one of the areas worst affected by trafficking, on average over 1,000 children and women are trafficked annually.