Social security

Promoting and building social protection in Asia (3rd phase): Extending social security coverage in ASEAN

Building on the achievements of the past two phases of the ILO/Japan Project on Promoting and Building Social Protection in Asia (2011-2013 and 2014-2016), and the solid partnership with ASEAN Member States, a third phase of the Project is here proposed, as a component too of the ILO’s Global Flagship Programme on Building Social Protection Floors for all.

Many vulnerable workers still do not have access to social protection.
Today nearly 73 per cent of the world’s population lacks access to adequate social protection coverage. A majority of the world’s economically active population do not benefit from any protection in cases of unemployment (88 per cent of unemployed have no unemployment benefits), work-related injury (61 per cent are not covered in case of work-related accidents and diseases), or maternity (72 per cent of working women have no access to maternity cash benefits). Nearly half (48 per cent) of all people over pensionable age do not receive a pension, and for those who do, pension levels are often inadequate. 
In recent years, social protection has become an increasingly prominent priority in international agreements and development plans. Since its adoption in 2012, the ILO’s Recommendation on Social Protection Floors, No.202 (2012) has served as an accelerator of social protection extension while providing concrete guidance to countries. The importance of social protection to reduce poverty and inequalities and achieve inclusive and sustainable development is also at the core of the Sustainable Development Agenda adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015. In 2015 too, the ILO Governing Body adopted a Global Flagship Programme on Building Social Protection Floors for All, as part of its overall Development Cooperation Strategy (2015-2017), thus fostering the role of the ILO in promoting social protection.

The project objectives:

  • Knowledge and expertise are enhanced among ASEAN Member States for extending social protection to all and as a result, measures are proposed at national level to increase social security coverage in ASEAN.
  • More workers are covered by social security schemes, in particular among workers of the informal economy, of micro, small and medium enterprise and self-employed, through improved policy, legal framework, and enforcement and delivery mechanisms in Indonesia and Viet Nam.


Policy makers, managers and technical staff of Ministries in charge of policy development and implementation of social protection, workers and employers’ representatives, and civil society in Indonesia, Viet Nam and ASEAN Member States.
Informal workers need to cover by the Social security.


  • Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration
  • BPJS Ketenagakerjaan
  • Bappenas
  • Indonesian workers and employers’ organizations
Viet Nam: Regional:

For further information please contact:

Mr Ippei Tsuruga
Technical Officer
Tel.: +662 288 1740
Fax: +662 280 1735

Mr Nguyen Hai Dat
National Officer/Project Coordinator
ILO Country Office for Viet Nam
48-50 Nguyen Thai Hoc Street
Hanoi, Viet Nam