Singapore resources

February 2020

  1. Report of Labour mobility between Asia and the Arab States: Sharing of experiences and progress under the Bali Declaration with a specific focus on women migrant

  2. Conclusion of Ninth Tripartite Regional Seminar on Industrial Relations in the ASEAN Region

January 2020

  1. The future of work and migration:12th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) thematic background paper

    This paper was prepared to inform and guide the discussions on “Future of Work and Migration” at the 12th ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) held from 25 to 26 September 2019 in Bangkok, Thailand. The AFML is a tripartite meeting that brings together governments, employers’ organizations, and workers’ organizations, alongside civil society organizations, to discuss migration governance issues across the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, and aims to promote and protect migrant workers’ rights. The AFML is supported by the International Labour Organization (ILO) through its TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and UN Women. This background paper was prepared to encourage consideration of migration governance in the context of the future of work transition, and proposes recommendations on addressing some of the specific migration challenges within the future of work.

  2. Effective return and reintegration of migrant workers with special focus on ASEAN Member States

    The return and reintegration of migrant workers back to their home countries marks the end of their migration cycle. While extensive work has been done on ensuring effective migration laws and policies, pre-departure training, and research on working conditions when abroad, there is little work done around the return and reintegration of migrants. This phase of the migration cycle has even been described as the ‘unwritten chapter in the history of migration’. In spite of widespread support and commitments, migrant workers continue to face challenges in accessing return and reintegration services. Aiming to address this gap, the ASEAN Committee on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers and the Government of Indonesia took the lead to develop a set of ASEAN Guidelines on Effective Return and Reintegration. This report was prepared with the support of the Governments of Australia and Canada, through the ILO TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, to provide background and inputs to the development of these guidelines. The report highlights conceptual issues and good practices in reintegration of migrant workers in the ASEAN region and beyond. It was prepared as the background document for the ASEAN Workshop on Reintegration Programmes for Returning Migrant Workers (27–28 August 2019) in Yogyakarta, organized by the Ministry of Manpower, Government of Indonesia, and the ILO TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme.

  3. The ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) Background information booklet (4th edition)

    The ASEAN Forum on Migrant Labour (AFML) is a regional tripartite platform to discuss issues faced by women and men migrant workers from and within ASEAN. The ASEAN Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of Migrant Workers (Cebu Declaration) was adopted by the ten ASEAN Member States (AMS) in 2007 in Cebu, the Philippines. The Cebu Declaration shows the AMS’ commitment to protect and promote the rights of migrant workers in the region. In order to advance the principles of the Cebu Declaration, the AFML was established to provide an open platform for governments, employers, workers, and civil society organizations to discuss complex and regional labour migration issues. Twelve AFMLs have been held to date. This publication contains information on the establishment of the AFML, past themes, and the Recommendations adopted at the 3rd–12th AFMLs, showing progress being made toward the implementation of the Cebu Declaration. This background information booklet provides an overview of the AFML process, and is a product of the International Labour Organization (ILO) TRIANGLE in ASEAN programme, a partnership between the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Global Affairs Canada, and the ILO.

December 2019

  1. Extension of social protection to workers in informal employment in the ASEAN region

    The report outlines recent trends in informal employment, challenges and opportunities for extending social protection, by different categories of workers and countries. It also documents relevant country experiences and lessons, and proposes recommendations to the regional and national policy debates on the extension of social protection coverage from legal, administrative and financial perspectives.

  2. How to extend social protection to workers in informal employment in the ASEAN region

    This policy brief is based on the findings and recommendations of the report, Expansion of Social Protection to Workers in Informal Employment, from the International Labour Organization. The report outlines recent trends in informal employment as well as the challenges and opportunities for extending social protection to all workers across the member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). It describes the gaps and needs of specific groups of workers who are more likely to be excluded from social protection coverage. Structured around a proposed typology of strategies, the report documents relevant country experiences and lessons from those experiences, drawing conclusions and proposing recommendations to invigorate the regional and national policy debates on the extension of social protection coverage.

  3. Despite productive contribution, public attitudes towards migrant workers remain unfavourable in ASEAN destination countries

    A new joint ILO-UN Women study demonstrates communication and engagement are critical to counter migrant workers isolation and discrimination.

  4. Mobile women and mobile phones: Women migrant workers’ use of information and communication technologies in ASEAN

    The joint ILO-UN Women Safe and Fair Programme: Realizing women migrant workers’ rights and opportunities in the ASEAN region (part of the multi-year EU-UN Spotlight Initiative to Eliminate Violence Against Women and Girls) undertook a qualitative study involving potential and returned women migrant workers in four countries of origin in the ASEAN region – Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar, and the Philippines. The study covers intra-ASEAN labour migration, including women who intended to migrate to, or had just returned from, Malaysia, Singapore, or Thailand. The study provides insight into women migrant workers’ use of mobile phones, and how women migrant workers could access more accurate information throughout the migration process and increase their connections with peers.

  5. Employment and environmental sustainability in ASEAN

    The Employment and Environmental Sustainability Fact sheet for ASEAN is part of a series providing a baseline for key indicators of employment and environmental sustainability performance in 36 countries across Asia and the Pacific. These indicators include: (i) employment in environmental sectors; (ii) skill levels; (iii) vulnerability of jobs; (iv) jobs in renewable energy; and (v) scoring on the Environmental Performance Index.