Afghanistan is a country which has been at war for over 30 years and which is still in the midst of fighting an insurgency. Terrorist violence is being compounded by a range of irregular and illegal activities such as wide scale corruption, trade in illegally exploited natural resources, arms trafficking and the narcotics trade. On the whole, governance and rule of law are severely undermined and foreign investments are undermined by the lack of security. As articulated in the Kabul Conference held on July 20, 2010, improvements in the area of rule of law and governance underpin social and economic development and build confidence of the Afghan people in their own future. This is integral to expanding employment opportunities, reintegrating displaced groups such as internally displaced persons and returnees and on the whole, ensuring a quicker return to normalcy.
Through this Project, the ILO will provide technical expertise to strengthen the capacity of the country to ratify and to work collaboratively with social partners in applying international labour standards and fulfilling reporting obligations. The ILO’s Decent Work Country Programme has also established as one of its main outcomes that men and women workers benefit from improved conditions of work as a result of better labour policy, labour code, and labour administration and inspection services. The project also sets forth as one of its outputs creating a tripartite consultative mechanism for social dialogue on the labour law reform process, which furthers the DWCP priority of ensuring that employers’ and workers’ organizations contribute to national policy formulation processes and better industrial relations at all levels.
The project will contribute to build a modern system of labour administration, strengthening its capacity to provide services to workers and employers through the achievement of two primary objectives:
- to reform the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled with improved capacity to provide services to workers and employers, with a special focus on improving the application of labour laws; and
- to reform labour laws and regulations in full compliance with ILO standards conducive to the promotion of productivity and workers’ rights and that reflects the principles enshrined in ILO Conventions ratified by Afghanistan.