The ILO has been active in Mongolia since 1989. In addition to staff based locally, work in the country also supported by international experts from the ILO Country Office for China and Mongolia based in Beijing.
Mongolia has a unique and durable traditional culture, with its roots in a nomadic, herding lifestyle. Poverty continues to be a major issue in this country of about three million people.
In 2005, the Government, the Confederation of Mongolian Trade Unions and the Mongolian Employers' Federation adopted a National Plan of Action for Decent Work. In accordance with this plan, the ILO provides technical assistance and advice relating to employment creation, human resource development, social protection, social dialogue and the promotion of fundamental principles and rights at work. As part of the Plan some priority areas of work were identified:
- Formulating and implementing employment strategies relating to sustainable livelihoods and poverty alleviation, in both the formal and informal economy;
- Better rights and security for disadvantaged groups;
- Stronger tripartism, to support the development and implementation of social and economic policies.