Skills development to enhance employability is an area of vital importance to countries in Asia and the Pacific. Many of the countries are finding it increasingly difficult to respond to the skills needs of their workforce in a time of increasing globalization, new technology and changing patterns of work. Many countries have severe shortages of skilled labour due to the out-migration of skilled workers, an ageing workforce or simply the lack of capacity to provide training. Training programmes are often out of date and do not meet the needs of industry. Training that is available is not always equally available to all sectors of the community. There are many challenges on the skills issues in the Asia Pacific region. Many of these include national skills development system, linkages between employers and training organizations, skills mismatch, training and job creation for young people, and access to skills development and employment of people with disabilities, etc.
The ILO responseWhile there are many challenges, there is also a lot that can and is being done. ILO is helping to provide solutions to many skills development issues confronting countries in the Asia and Pacific region. Professional staff and skills experts support and technical advice about skills development to government, employers’ and workers’ organizations. This advice and support is provided at the regional level and also through Decent Work Technical Support Teams located in Bangkok and New Delhi and by country offices. Special emphasis is placed on to skills for improved productivity, employment growth and development.
Skills and Future of Work in Asia and the PacificTo shape the future work calls for a reshape of skills policies. The ILO, by conducting research and disseminating front-line thinking, has been supporting the countries in Asia-Pacific in their pursuit for skills development and inclusive growth.
- Regional Skills and Employability Programme for Asia and the Pacific (SKILLS-AP)
- Skills and Employability Department (EMP/SKILLS)
- R195 Human Resources Development Recommendation, 2004
- Information System on International Labour Standards (NORMLEX)
- Key Indicators of the Labour Market (KILM)