The ILO in Malaysia

Malaysia has been a member of the ILO since 1957 and has ratified 18 ILO Conventions, of which 17 are still in force. These include five of the ILO’s eight core conventions, the non-ratified core conventions being the Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, 1948 (No. 87) and the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111)

In 1990 the Government denounced one of the core conventions it had ratified, C.105 on the abolition of forced labour.

As Malaysia is a high middle-income country, the ILO’s technical engagement focuses on building the capacity of the national workers’ and employers’ organizations and the government, facilitating dialogue, providing technical advice, promoting the ratification and application of the international labour standards.

In line with the Eleventh Malaysian Plan (2016-2020) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as well as the on –going technical cooperation in Malaysia, the Decent Work Country programme has been developed for the period 2018-2020.

The proposed four Country Priorities included; 1) Labour Laws reformed in line with international labour standards, 2) National capacities strengthened to meet future needs of enterprises and their workers, 3) Enhanced protection of migrant workers and labour mobility in line with International Labour Standards and the ILO Multilateral Framework on Labour Migration, and 4) Social protection and income security measures strengthened in selected areas.

In recent years, technical cooperation with the social partners in Malaysia has focused on minimum wages, social security schemes (actuarial review and unemployment insurance), green jobs, labour law reform and labour inspection, child labour and forced labour.

Presently, the ILO project office is located in Kuala Lumpur which housed five technical cooperation in Malaysia with 10 staffs. The work in Malaysia is supported through the ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, based in Bangkok, Thailand.