Livelihoods services

There has been greater understanding in recent year that decent work for adults and youth of working age is a necessity if we are to ensure family incomes that do not rely on child labour. In order to address the underlying causes of child labour: poverty, exclusion from economic and social development and limited access to skills, social and financial services livelihoods improvement is an important component of a broader strategy to address child labour.

What are livelihood services?

A livelihood refers to capabilities, material and social resources and activities required for a means of living. For the purpose of the project, livelihood services for adults and children of legal working age, include but are not limited to the following services:
• Education and training services which aim to provide with the basic skills and knowledge necessary to benefit from social services, financial services, and vocational and higher education;
• Social capital services which aim to connect a participant with networks or groups for purposes including promoting sustainable livelihoods and reducing vulnerability to child labour;
• Economic strengthening services which aim to increase the economic well-being of participants.

What does the project do?

In the provinces of Samut Sakhon, Surat Thani, Nakorn Si Thammarat, and Songkhla, the ILO-IPEC project through partner NGOs such as LPN, NCYD, FCD, Raks Thai and PPAT, helps to support the livelihood of Thai and migrant communities vulnerable to child labour. In general, the project’s livelihood interventions aim at increasing the access of migrant workers to social protection services and increasing the capability of vulnerable Thai families to increase their income and diversify their skills.

Specifically, the livelihoods services for migrant families focus on:

• Improving migrant workers understanding of human and workers’ rights and host country’s laws and regulations;
• Strengthening the network of migrants to address common challenges;
• Provision of legal services to address labour exploitation and abuse of migrant workers and facilitating their access to justice;
• Increasing the access to basic health services for regular and irregular migrant workers and their children.

Livelihood services for vulnerable Thai families include the support to entrepreneurship and small business development among vulnerable families.

In addition, vulnerable Thai and migrant workers, including the youth are supported with referral to vocational training and to government employment services and as well as training on OSH awareness. They are also provided with life-skills training on household accounting/savings, leadership skills, career development and etc.
Services related to improving the access of migrants and their children to health care which are provided by partner organisations include:
• training of parents on child care and development;
• awareness on reproductive health;
• referral to health services;
• organising mobile medical units to reach out to working children (aged 15-17 years).