The ILO has signed three co-operative agreements with the United States of America Department of Labor (USDOL) for the implementation of an International HIV/AIDS Workplace Education Programme and is in the process of finalizing a fourth one. These agreements were preceded by the project in India which was the first of its kind to be launched in 2001 by the ILO with USDOL funding. You can also consult Saving lives, Protecting jobs, the second report on the ILO/AIDS SHARE (Strategic HIV/AIDS Responses in Enterprises) programme, which has now been running for five years.
- The first agreement was signed in September 2002 covering the period 2002 - 2006.
Target countries are Belize, Benin, Cambodia, Ghana, Guyana and Togo.
- The second agreement was signed in September 2003 and covers the period 2003 - 2007.
Target countries are Botswana, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Nepal, Russian Federation, South Africa, Swaziland and the English-speaking Caribbean countries (with full-fledged projects in Barbados and Jamaica).
- The third agreement was signed in September 2004 and covers the period 2004-2008.
Target countries are Burkina Faso, Cameroon, China, Indonesia, Malawi, Sri Lanka and Trinidad & Tobago.
- The fourth agreement will cover the period 2005-2009.
The funding will primarily be used to put together a "country-kit" for the development and implementation of HIV/AIDS policies and programmes in the world of work.
ILO/USDOL programme strategy
The programme aims to contribute to the prevention of HIV/AIDS in the world of work, the enhancement of workplace protection and the reduction of its adverse consequences on social, labour, and economic development.
The development objectives of the programme are:
1) Reduced HIV/AIDS risk behaviours among targeted workers; and
2) Reduced level of employment-related discrimination against persons living with HIV/AIDS.
The strategy builds on the comparative advantage of the ILO's networks, experiences and materials, including the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work with its Education and Training Manual as well as the ILO/FHI Behaviour Change Communication Toolkit.
The strategy has two complementary lines of action: working with target enterprises to launch HIV/AIDS workplace Behaviour Change Communication (BCC) programmes, and focusing on policies and mechanisms which reduce discrimination. Both take place simultaneously, with lessons learned being applied continuously throughout the course of the project.
The programme works with the ILO's tripartite constituents to build their capacity develop effective HIV/AIDS Workplace policies and programmes. The aim is to ensure that the world of work component of the national strategy is adequately developed and appropriately placed within the national framework of action.
Stakeholders work together to
- Identify target groups, sectors and enterprises in project countries
- Provide inputs to the national effort as regards to HIV/AIDS and the world of work (policy and resources)
- Identify, document and disseminate good practices
- Build a network among the social partners and participating enterprises
A National Project Coordinator (NPC) manages the project in the country. A tripartite Project Advisory Board (PAB) steers the project to ensure harmony with national policy and strategy as well as integration of activities into ongoing programmes. The PAB brings the tripartite constituents together with other key stakeholders including governmental agencies, UNAIDS, United Nations Theme Groups on HIV/AIDS, the United State of America Embassy (USDOL), non-governmental organizations, community-based organizations and networks of people living with HIV/AIDS.
A key component of the project is a built-in monitoring programme to assess progress, identify impact as well as strengths and weaknesses for any re-planning needed. A Performance Monitoring Plan (PMP) with country-specific indictors is developed to assess project impact. The monitoring system rests on three pillars:
1) Workers' survey to measure impact of the project on knowledge, attitudes and practices of target workers;
2) Workplace monitoring to assess the impact of the project on their policies and programmes;
3) Tripartite/project monitoring to provide an overview of the project contribution to the activities of the tripartite constituents and to the national framework.
The ILO/USDOL programme supports the development of BCC strategies in target sectors and the implementation of BCC HIV/AIDS workplace programmes in target enterprises or groups of informal workers.
BCC sectoral strategies include:
a. Formative assessment of the target population
b. Behaviour change objectives
c. Behaviour change communication objectives
e. Channels of communication
f. Indicators for monitoring and evaluation
BCC workplace programmes include:
1. Advocacy for management
2. Development of workplace policy
3. Development of communication materials and dissemination plan
4. Training of peer educators
5. Information on access to services (at the enterprises and in the community through referral arrangements) including voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), counselling, condom distribution, treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), care and support, and access to anti-retroviral therapy (ARVs).
6. Integration of HIV/AIDS in enterprise activities
7. Special events
8. Supervision and monitoring of programme implementation