An increasing number of agreements cover a whole industry or sector, within a country or even globally. Good examples of such agreements come from the maritime and the energy sectors.
The International Maritime Health Association (IMHA) and the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) jointly put on record at the 2007 International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific (ICAAP) that HIV cannot be a cause for discrimination at sea. The two organizations made it clear that they consider that HIV as a workplace issue should be treated like any other serious illness or condition on board a vessel, that it is not a threat to public health in shipping, that it is not a cause for discrimination, and that testing for the virus should be voluntary.
The International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers’ Unions (ICEM) and the Building and Wood Workers’ International (BWI) have negotiated framework agreements with multinational employers such as Impregilo, Lafarge, Veidekke, Lukoil and Statoil. The BWI advocates in its model framework agreement that HIV/AIDS awareness-raising and prevention programmes be provided in compliance with the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work.