ILO launches the Report: “Ending Child Labour, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in Global Supply Chains”
Addis Ababa, 27 November 2019 --- The International Labour Organisation (ILO) launches the “Ending Child Labour, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in Global Supply Chains”. The report joins data and expertise from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the International Labour Organization (ILO) under the Alliance 8.7.
The report was compiled in response to a call by the Group of Twenty (G20) Labour and Employment Ministers to assess violations of core labour rights in global supply chains. It offers a unique interagency perspective on the causes of the human rights violations and on the priorities for governments, businesses and social partners in addressing them.
The launching event is organized by the ILO Country Office in Addis Ababa with financial support from the Government of the Netherlands through a project called “Accelerating Action for the Elimination of Child Labour in Supply Chains in Africa (ACCEL Africa). In the launching event, a panel discussion is chaired by Deborah Greenfield, the Deputy Director General of the ILO by convening Workers Representative, Employers Representative, Child Rights Activist, UNICEF, IOM, ILO, Ethiopia Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Embassies of the Netherlands and France, African Union and UN Resident Coordinator.
‘’The stakeholders have discussed on how to promote effective policies as well as international and regional cooperation to tackle child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains in order to achieve the Target 8.7 of SDGs,’’ explains Alexio Musindo, the Director of the ILO Country Office for Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan, and for the Special Representative to the AU and the ECA.
“The goods and services we buy are composed of inputs from many countries around the world and are processed, assembled, packaged, transported and consumed across borders and markets,” says the ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder.
The event aims to present the report not only to the participants but also to a larger audience through media and different online platforms (e.g. webpages and social media).
It also contributes to a deeper understanding of the role of different stakeholders, opportunities and emerging challenges in the fight against child labour, forced labour, and human trafficking in global supply chains.
The first part of the report, “Understanding Child Labour, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in Global Supply Chains”, looks at how in the absence of strong law enforcement, the socio-economic vulnerability of individuals and workers along with economic and commercial pressure facing suppliers, can lead to abuses.
“Responding to Child Labour, Forced Labour and Human Trafficking in Global Supply Chains”, is the second part of the report and provides an overview of the state’s duty to regulate and implement legal frameworks to protect workers; and presents the necessary smart policy mix to facilitate and incentivize responsible business conduct in global supply chains.
“This report shows the urgent need for effective action to tackle the violations of core labour rights that are occurring in supply chains,” concludes Mr. Ryder.
For more information, contact:
(1) Aimee Manimani Nsimire, Communication Officer, ILO ACCEL Africa project: email@example.com
(2) Girma Eshetu, Senior Communication and Information Management Assistant, ILO Country Office for Addis Ababa, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan: firstname.lastname@example.org
ILO supports the participation of over 1500 children to the Abidjan District International Marathon
On the celebration of the National Day of Peace in Côte d'Ivoire, and a few days before the celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the International Labour Organisation provide over 1500 T-shirts to children participating in the International Marathon of Abidjan District, an event bringing together more than 20,000 people with about 50 athletes nominated by National Federations of Algeria, Belgium, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, France, Ghana , Kenya, Mali, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, DR Congo, Senegal, Togo and Tunisia.
"We wanted to involve children because the Marathon is positioned as a channel for strengthening cohesion and social dialogue in a context where children are constantly involved in child labor," says Kouassi Konan, President of the Movement for Education, Health and Development, MESAD, a partner organization of the Organizing Committee of the Abidjan District International Marathon, COMIDA.
Accelerating Action for the Elimination of Child Labour in Supply Chains in Africa, ACCEL Africa, is an ILO projects funded by the Government of the Netherlands to accelerate the elimination of child labour in Africa through targeted actions in a number of supply chains: cocoa, tea, gold, coffee, and cotton; in six countries in Africa: Cote d'ivoire, Egypt, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria and Uganda.
''We provided more than 1,600 t-shirts to children and young people from disadvantaged backgrounds throughout the city of Abidjan who wished to participate in the marathon which is one of the leisure activities to which every child should have a right, '' explains Sophie DE CONINCK, Acting Director of the Country Office of Abidjan.
The Ivorian economy relies heavily on the market and is highly dependent on the agricultural sector. It contributes 22.3% of the GDP (2013, BM) and represents 47% of the country's total exports in 2013 (62% excluding oil). It occupies 46% of the country's working population and is a source of income for two-thirds of a population with a rural population of 50.3%. Côte d'Ivoire is also the world leader in cocoa production. It supplies 40 percent of global production with more than 1.5 million tonnes in 2017.
The country also holds one of the largest gold deposits in the world. The gold sector is growing. Industrial gold production rose to 24,488 tonnes of gold at the end of 2018, compared to 7 tonnes of gold in 2009, an increase of 249.83% over the period 2009-2018. Informal artisanal mines experienced strong growth over the period of 1999-2011. The gold is exploited in a traditional way in several regions of Côte d'Ivoire.
The sectors most affected by child labour are agriculture (53.4% of children) and services (35.6%). About 20% of children (still in the age group 5-17) work, three-quarters of whom are under 14 years of age.
"My friends and I came to participate in this marathon in order to have fun, enjoy all this atmosphere of joy, and warmth," says Amina Ouedraogo, 13, street vendor and former student of the School Group Industrialists in Youpougon, one of the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods of the city of Abidjan.
The National Survey of the Worst Forms of Child Labor (2011) conducted by the National Institute of Statistics (INS) found that 73.5% of boys work in agriculture against 35.2% of girls.
"In Côte d'Ivoire, we are addressing child labour in cocoa and gold supply chains, thus constituting an ILO contribution to the implementation of the National Action Plan to Combat Labour (2019-2021)," says Minoru Ogasawara, Regional Senior Technical Advisor, ACCEL AFRICA project.
For any contact: Ms Aimee Nsimire, Communications Officer, +225 20318938 email@example.com
International Day of the Girl
On International Day of the Girl, ILO celebrates the achievements, unheard stories of girls in Africa
As the world celebrates the International Day of the Girl, and the achievements made by, with and for girls since the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, girls’ voices around the world have increased thanks to powerful figures such as Greta Thunberg on climate change and Malala Yousafzai on children’s rights and access to education. However, many girls’ struggles and actions remain unknown.
“At 13, as I had not studied, I started working as a maid. I was barely gaining enough to survive, even though I had to work non-stop between six in the evening and one in the morning,” recalls Akissi Delta, a well-known actress in Côte d’Ivoire.
A few years ago, the actress joined a group of Ivorian singers who sang about child labour and its consequences in the song “Mon enfant” (“My child”).
“Between the ages of 2 and 8, I lived with my grandmother and spent most of my time working in the field,”says Ms. Delta
According to the National Survey conducted in 2013 with the support of the ILO, in Côte d'Ivoire, 28.2 per cent (just under two million children) of children aged 5 to 17 years are engaged in economic activities. Most of children are engaged in agriculture (53.4 per cent of children) and services (35.6 per).
With 40% of the world cocoa production, Côte d’Ivoire is a country that had founded its economy on agriculture very early on. According to the ILO’s Global Estimate on child labour published in 2017, the vast majority (85 per cent) of child labourers in Africa is in agriculture and its various subsectors: crop production, animal husbandry, forestry, fishing, and aquaculture.
In Cote d’Ivoire, the International Labour Organization had recently launched the Accelerating action for the elimination of child labour in supply chains in Africa (ACCEL Africa), a project covering six countries in Africa and funded by the Netherlands Government. In the country, ACCEL Africa targets 500 men and women on the improvement of their income with an estimated of over 1,000 children positively impacted.
The ACCEL Africa project also supports three hundred children, boys and girls, aged 15+ to transition from school to work in Cote d’Ivoire.
“I had a cousin about my age who was brought from the village. She stayed at home while others were going to school. When I think about it, it was unfair,” says Guy Constant Neza, former journalist turned into music producer.
“Gender inequalities that take root at an early age tend to produce long-term gender inequality, which is reproduced in the world of work. This must end,” said Guy Ryder, Director General of the ILO, on the occasion of International Day of the Girl Child.
The aim of the celebration of the International Day of the Girl is to promote girl’s empowerment and fulfilment of their human rights, while also highlighting the challenges that girls face around the world.
“With persisting conditions of global economic crisis and uncertainty, there must be a firm resolve to re-commit to the goals of social progress and social justice in shaping a world where the girl child finds her rightful place – on equal terms with boys, at home and in school and well-prepared for entry, at the right time, to the world of work,” said Ryder.
Abidjan, 03 October 2019 – Côte d'Ivoire will host, from 3rd to 6th December 2019, the 14th African Regional Labour Meeting. The Government of Côte d'Ivoire and the International Labour Organization (ILO), respectively represented by the Minister of Employment and Social Protection and the Regional Director of the ILO for Africa signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the organization of the continental meeting on Ivorian soil.
''It is to optimize the organization of this regional meeting that we are gathered here today to sign this agreement between the ILO and the Ivorian Government. The agreement will further strengthen the already existing strong partnership between the ILO and Cote d’Ivoire; and contribute to the fluidity and improvement of the organization of this 14th African Regional Meeting dear to ILO constituents and partners involved in the promotion of decent work in Africa,'' explains Cynthia Samuel-Olonjuwon, Director of the ILO Regional Office for Africa.
For the Cote d’Ivoire government side, the Minister of Employment and Social Protection who signed the agreement, reaffirmed the commitment of the Ivorian authorities to offer all the assistance necessary for the smooth running of the regional meeting.
"By hosting the 14th African Regional Meeting, the Government of Côte d'Ivoire, supported by the social partners, intends to reaffirm its commitment to support the ILO in promoting the values of dignity, freedom, dialogue and socio-economic progress so dear to the organization for a hundred years now. This is why all the ministries and social partners involved in organizing this important African meeting have been working closely with the ILO for several months, " said Abinan Kouakou, Minister of Employment and Social Protection.
In the framework of the inception phase of Accelerating Action for the Elimination of Child Labour in Africa “ACCEL Africa” Project and in close coordination with the Government of Egypt, represented by Ministry of Manpower (MOM), Ministry of Social Solidarity (MOSS), and National Council for Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM), a celebration of the World Day Against Child Labour took place with the participation of huge media representatives, ILO tripartite, NGOs, UN Agencies and relevant international organizations.
A preparatory event took place on June 11, 2019; which targeted 50 children at MOSS Child Labour Center that are currently involved in child labour and children who are at risk of educational drop-out to help them expressing themselves, raising their awareness on child rights and protection mechanisms and sensitizing them on the importance of education through interactive activities. Children were interactively coached to create their own play “interactive theatre”, puppet theatre story and draft their drawings on their opportunities and possible paths to achieve their dreams in line with WDACL 2019 theme.
US delegation visits ILO projects addressing child labour in cocoa-farming communities in Côte d'Ivoire.
In Diekadiokro, a village in the M’Batto region of south-central Côte d’Ivoire, community members accompanied by their leaders had an interactive session with the US delegation, sharing parents’ and local implementing staff members’ experience in tackling child labour and safety at work issues.
“We managed to build a consensus on the need to prevent and eliminate child labour and enrol and keep children at school,” explained Flora Kwame, director of M’batto Social Centre, a local office under the Ivorian Ministry of Labour and Social Protection and partner to the ILO on different projects since 2012.
A Public-Private Partnership (PPP) between the Chocolate and Cocoa Industry and the ILO to Combat Child Labour in Cocoa Growing Communities in Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana is among the projects aimed to strengthen Child Labour Monitoring Systems (CLMS) and provide support to national, district and community level operations in both Côte d’Ivoire and neighbouring Ghana.
“In M’batto, we successfully identified and removed 49 children from child labour,” explained Flora Kwame.
M’batto Social Centre has also provided support to the “Towards child labour-free cocoa-growing communities in Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana through an integrated area based approach” Cocoa Communities Project (CCP), an initiative framed by the Declaration of action to support the implementation of the Harkin-Engel Protocol .
The initiative aims to accelerate progress in the elimination of child labour, with a focus on its worst forms, in cocoa-growing communities.
“We helped communities to prioritize the actions needed to address social and economic issues and formulate community action plans in order to increase their productivity and drive the local development,” said Flora Kwame.
“We organised ‘plans selling’ days through which community members would ‘market’ their respective community plans to potential donors and advocate for its funding,” she continued.
Thanks to this strategy, community members mobilized multiple sources of funding for the implementation of their community action plans, which resulted in the strengthening of partnerships and ensured sustainability for their actions against child labour.
« 100 Years – 100 Lives » | UGANDA - “I still live with back pain because of my work as a child in a tea plantation”
As she entered the UN building in Geneva to take part to the Centenary session of the International Labour Conference in June 2019, Molly Namirembe – a youth advocate from Uganda - could almost feel like she was in a dream. But this was real. She was about to deliver a strong call to put an end to child labour that destroyed part of her own childhood and that could have led her to a life in poverty.
« 100 Years – 100 Lives » | EGYPT - “The ILO project will contribute to the elimination of child labour in Egypt’s cotton supply chain”
Egypt is one of the six countries covered by a new ILO project to accelerate the elimination of child labour in African supply chains. It is likely to have a major impact on thousands of children’s lives throughout the country.